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v. 72-71+ 



No. A-36S 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 


The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Winston-Salem to host Diocesan Convention 

WINSTON-SALEM-Debate over pro- 
posed Constitutional amendments 
which would make congregational rep- 
resentation proportionate to communi- 
cant strength is expected to dominate 
the 166th Diocesan Convention when 
it meets here on January 29 and 30. 

Some 400 clergy and lay delegates from 
more than a hundred parishes and 
organized missions throughout the dio- 
cese will assemble in Wake Forest Uni- 
versity's Wait Chapel for the annual 
IV2 day session which is scheduled to 
begin with the Convention Eucharist at 
10 a.m. Friday, January 29. 

The Convention is being hosted by the 
Winston-Salem area churches, under 
the direction of George C. Penick, 
Chairman of the Convention Commit- 

As recommended by the Committee on 
Proportional Representation and ap- 
proved by the 1981 Diocesan Conven- 
tion, the proposed Constitutional 
amendment would provide convention 
representation for all congregations in 
the diocese, including unorganized 
missions, in proportion to their com- 
municant strength. 

Before they can take effect, all constitu- 
tional amendments must be ratified by 

Ofie i66ifi 
flmwat Convention 

majorities in both the lay and clerical 
order in two successive Conventions. 

ment has developed since its ratifica- 
tion last year by the 165th Diocesan 
Convention, and its passage now ap- 
pears to be in question. 

The Committee on the State of the 

Church has indicated its intention to 

ODEose the Constitutional chanee on 
the Convention floor. 

Explaining that the people of the Dio- 
cese need more time to become famili- 

ar with the implications of Proportional 
Representation, the Rev. Lawrence K. 
Brown, Committee chairman, has re- 
ported that the committee will "recom- 
mend that this convention defeat this 
constitutional change." 

In addition to proposed changes in the 
Constitution, Convention delegates 
will also be asked to consider resolu- 
tions calling for: an immediate bi- 
lateral freeze on the testing, production 
and deployment of nuclear weapons; 
the establishment of a diocesan 
Stewardship Commission; and the 
adoption of a diocesan policy on 
alcoholism and drug abuse. The text of 
the proposed resolutions can be found 
on page 3 of this issue. 

In addition to elections to the Standing 
Committee and the Diocesan Council, 
Convention delegates will also be re- 
quired to elect: one diocesan trustee of 
the University of the South; ten mem- 
bers of the Board of Directors of the 
Episcopal Home for the Ageing; four 
members of the Board of Managers of 
the Thompson Home; and eighteen 

members ol thejioard of Directors of 
tne tipiscopalConference Center at 

Browns Summit. Names and biograph- 
ies of the nominees can be found on 
page 3 of this issue. 

Council backs 5% plan with $60,000 for outreach 

RALEIGH-The diocesan-wide effort 
to offset federal cutbacks in social 
services received a real boost earlier 
this month, with the Diocesan Coun- 
cil's unanimous decision to give 5% of 
the 1982 Program and Maintenance 
Budgets for parish outreach in the com- 
ing year. 

Council's action will add approximate- 
ly $60,000 to the Parish Grant Fund, a 
program which provides start-up grants 
for parish-based outreach programs ad- 
dressing local community needs. 

The vote came on the heels of positive 
reports from the Diocesan Treasurer 
and the Department of Finance. 

Reporting on the last quarter of 1981, 
Treasurer Michael Schenck, III called 
Council member's attention to the 
higher-than-normal payment rates on 
1981 congregational assessments. He 
called the 99.8% and 96.8% payment 
rates "extraordinary". 

J. Claude Mayo, Chairman of the De- 
partment of Finance, asked Council 
members to approve a plan to refi- 
nance the $320,000 Conference Center 
construction debt at substantially lower 
interest rates through cooperative ar- 
rangements with the N.C. Episcopal 
Church Foundation and the Trustees 
and the Investment Committee of the 

After Council had voted its approval, 
!\ the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser em- 
phasized that "we are still just as 
obligated to repay these two notes." 

"But if our congregations make good 
on their pledges, then the $2 Million 
Campaign will be oversubscribed by 
almost 9% and the Conference Center 
will be paid in full." 

Approximately $1,038,000 has been 
paid to date, 70% of the $1,447,000 
pledged, according to date supplied by 

the Treasurer. Unpaid pledges amount 
to approximately $408,000. 

In other business, Council members, 
acting upon the recommendation of the 
Department of Finance, voted unani- 
mously to accept revised 1982 budgets 
of $398,711 for Episcopal Maintenance 
(up 10% over 1981) and $831,347 for 

Church's Program (up 2%). 

After approving the disposition of ap- 
proximately $247,000 from Venture in 
Mission income on the eight approved 
projects as recommended by the Ven- 
ture in Mission Committee, the Dioce- 
san Council adjourned. 

Church declares war on poverty 

CHARLOTTE— The federal government 
may have sounded retreat from the war 
on poverty, but the people of Christ 
Church in Charlotte obviously haven't 
heard the call. 

Episcopalians in the Queen City area 
have just committed themselves to raise 
$1 million to combat the scourge of 

The drive was announced in a letter 
sent to Christ Church members earlier 
this month by the Rev. Frank H. Vest, 
Jr. and Edward H. Hardison. Vest is the 
Rector of Christ Church, and Hardison 
serves on the vestry as Senior Warden. 

Vest and Hardison wrote church 
members to report on the vestry's unan- 
imous decision to establish "The St. 
Francis Fund" in order to "combat the 
scourge of poverty." 

While the vestry is working to define 
the details of the fund-raising campaign 
and the process of disbursing the in- 

come, "the possibility that most excites 
us is getting at least a thousand mem- 
bers of Christ Church to commit $1,000 
to the effort over the next ten years," 
Vest and Hardison said. 

"Our ultimate target is to raise at least a 
million dollars by 1993," they said, no- 
ting that the campaign is expected to 
begin this spring. 

' 'There are a lot of voices calling us to a 
new awareness of the plight of the 
poor, ' ' Vest explained in a telephone in- 

"The federal budget cutbacks and their 
disastrous effect upon social service pro- 
grams certainly helped awaken us to the 
need for immediate action on our parts. 
But our principal call is the Gospel of 
Jesus, which confronts us all with the 
need to act on behalf of the poor." 

The campaign goal is a little more than 
twice the annual operating budget of 
this large metropolitan parish according 

to Vest, who expresses his hope that 
other parishes large and small will make 
a similar commitment in the months 

The average member of Christ Church 
is no wealthier than the average Episco- 
palian in the diocese of North Carolina, 
according to Vest. 

"There is no reason why other parishes 
can not make an equivalent commit- 
ment of the resources available to 
them," Vest explains. "The size of the 
goal is unimportant; what matters is that 
we each do all that we can." 

In their letter, Vest and Hardison noted 
their conviction that money is only one 
way to combat the pain that poverty vis- 
its on God's children. 

"Inescapably, this venture calls upon all 
of of us to re-commit ourselves to com- 
bat poverty and its root causes with 
every resource with which God has en- 
dowed us." 

Standing in 
the need of food 

Hunger awareness in 

By Terry Wall 

There's no life in a congregation un- 
less it's reaching out. If it becomes 
too introverted, it suffocates. 

That's what the Rev. John Westcott, 
on the staff of St. Francis, Greensboro 
has learned after three years of work 
with the parish's social outreach com- 

Westcott came to St. Francis to work 
with youth and social ministries im- 
mediately after graduating from Vir- 
ginia Theological Seminary. When he 
arrived in Greensboro in 1980 the 
parish's social outreach commission 
"met once a year to give money to 
their favorite charities," Westcott 

"Now people are openly debating the 
idea of committing 5% of the parish 
budget to social outreach. That would 
never have happened three years 

Although a recent staff shortage has 
forced the young priest to shift his at- 
tention to other areas of the church's 
life, he is confident that the commis- 
sion will carry on with the work 
which has earned them their much- 
deserved reputation as "the activist 
arm of the parish." 
Before entering the "priesthood, West- 
cott was a community organizer in a 
Polish-Black neighborhood in Detroit. 
That experience made him an astute 
observer of what happens to people 
as they develop political awareness. 
In his work at St. Francis, he has 
seen those changes occur in his own 


According to Westcott, "There's a 
gradual process by which people 
come to understand human need 
more profoundly." 

Which explains why the commis- 
sion considers the educational value 
of outreach projects as important as 
their practical impact. 

"The project's impact upon members 
of thecongregation is probably as im- 
portant as its direct benefits to peo- 
ple in need," Westcott explains. 

Through outreach programs, some 
members of St. Francis have met and 
talked with families who are unable 
to survive on limited resources— fam- 
ilies who are suffering, not benefiting, 
from the present level of services." 

Such first-hand knowledge of the hu- 
man consequences of federal cutbacks 
in social services has prompted some 
parishioners to withdraw their politi- 
cal support for the policy actions ta- 
ken by the Reagan administration. 

Westcott, who also serves as Greens- 
boro coordinator for Bread for the 
World, a national Christian organiza- 
tion working to end world hunger, 
compares the results of the budget 
cuts in Greensboro to an pcganside ._ 
town oeing hit by a fair size earth- 

"The quake does quite a bit of dam- 
age," he says "But not as much as the 
tidal wave that follows closely behind 
will do. 

According to Westcott, the Greens- 

boro Urban Ministry, which operates 
a food and clothing pantry as well as 
offering limited financial aid, has al- 
ready run up a deficit trying to help 
those who are truly in need. And, 
people in Greensboro who receive 
food stamps, Medicaide and other 
federal assistance are being forced to 
choose between food, utilities and 

"Our study reveals that cuts have not 
helped to decrease dependency, but 
rather to increase it. They take the in- 
centives away from the working 
poor," he said. "The cuts remove 
much of the hope that the working 
poor had about rising above their pov- 

Inspired by their experience, the peo- 
ple of St. Francis have recently em- 
barked on an ambitious program to 
raise public awareness of hunger in 
Greensboro. The parish has planned a 
"hunger awareness tour" of the city 
which will take plact later this month. 

The parish is also helping to set up 
city-wide hearings in February, in re- 
sponse to federal budget-cuts. West- 
cott explains that the hearings are be- 
ing held "so the poor can describe in 
human terms what the statistics can 
only suggest." 

Part of the motivation to enter the 
public arena comes from the parish's 
recent decision to become a Bread for 
the World covenant church. Founded 
in 1974 by the Rev. Arthur Simon, 
the national organization owes its im- 
pressive accomplishments to the local 

groups of concerned citizens who 
have organized to bring pressure on 
congressional representatives. 

As a covenant church, St. Francis has 
agreed to "nurture church members 
in their potential as citizen advocates 
for the hungry and to motivate them 
to fulfill that ministry as an expres- 
sion of their faith." 

Westcott admits that he is still search- 
ing for a fuller response to the call he 
has felt to advocacy for the hungry. 
In his search, he has come face to 
face with the realities of human sin 
and human power. "Power is a 
strange thing," he says. "Rich or 
poor, we are alike in our response; 
once we've had a taste of it, we are 
loathe to let it go." 

Episcopalians who follow the example 
set by church activists may make 
unanticipated discoveries, even about 
themselves. A policy statement draf- 
ted by issues analysts for Bread for 
the World offers some rather unset- 
tling advice: 

Hunger is rooted in privileges that may, 
in securing wealth for some, perpetuate 
the poverty of others... U.S. Christians 
need to be especially alert to the possibil- 
ity that our privileges may come at high 
cost to others. 

Christians called to respond to the 
needs of the poor often find upon re- 
flection, that they themselves are part 
of the very problems they seek to 
solve. But they also find themselves 
among people who believe that the 
faith they share demands a response. 

Diocese builds network to end hunger 

The Episcopal Church has responded to 
hunger in America with some network- 
building of its own. 

In the complex of offices at the Episco- 
pal Church Center in New York City, 
David Crean, national staff officer for 
Hunger, provides Episcopal parishes 
across the country with materials, 
resources and technical assistancce in 
matters related to hunger. 

And in our own diocese, Nancy Craig, 
a parishioner of Good Shepherd, 
Asheboro, has been hard at work form- 
ing a hunger network of parish 
representatives across the diocese. 

That network met for the first time last 
month at the Episcopal Conference 
Center in Browns Summit. Established 
by the newly-formed diocesan Hunger 
Committee under Craig's direction, the 
network provides a critical link be- 
tween the local church and national 
and diocesan hunger programs. 

The day-long conference provided parti- 
cipants with an introduction to existing 
programs on both the local and 
diocesan level. Barbara Oates, director 
of the North Carolina Food Bank, Inc. 
of Cary, briefed conferees on the work 
of the Cary-based organization. Begun 
by the diocese in 1980, the Food Bank 
is now a fully-independent corporation 

which serves as a clearinghouse for the 
distribution of surplus food from res- 
taurants, manufacturers and producers 
to non-profit organizations serving the 

The Rev. Lex Mathews, Director of 
Christian Social Ministries for the Dio- 
cese, brought conference participants 
up to date on the work of the four 
parishbased soup kitchens which are 
currently operating in Charlotte, 
Raleigh, Durham and Rocky Mount. 

Founded with seed money from the 
Parish Grant Program, the four soup 
kitchens at St. Peter's, Charlotte; Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh; Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount; and St. Philip's, Durham 
now serve free meals five days a week 
to street people. , 

Mathews also noted plans to provide 
another clothing distribution building 
and a children's lunch program at the 
migrant worker health clinic in Newton 

Grove early in 1982. 

Bollin Millner, Director of Christian Ed- 
ucation at Christ Church, Raleigh, dis- 
cussed the work of Wake Relief, an- 
other parish-based program which sup- 
plies food to families on referral from 
the Department of Social Services in 
Wake County. 

Craig will give a brief presentation of 
the work and goals of the Diocesan 
Committee on Hunger during the up- 
coming Diocesan Convention. Delegates 
may find it hard to resist the persuasive 
powers of this woman of conviction, 
who has announced her determination 
to "drum up interest and commitment 
in parishes which have not yet cast 
their lot with us in the effort to 
alleviate hunger and malnutrition in 
North Carolina and the world." 

"Changes in our lifestyles, lobbying for 
legislation and parish and diocesan pro- 
grams like soup kitchens and food 
banks work within the system to help 
change the unequal distribution of 
resources among the people in God's 
creation," Craig explains. 

While she is quick to acknowledge that 
"no one of us can do all that is 
heeded," she is convinced "that every 
one of us can do something." And she 
is determined to see that we do. 

Page 2— The Communicant— January, 1982 

Debate looms on nuclear weapons freeze 


Bi-Lateral Nuclear 
Weapon Freeze 

WHEREAS the United States and the 
Soviet Union each possess a sufficient 
number of nuclear weapons to de- 
stroy each other's major cities, with 
their inhabitants, many times over, 

WHEREAS there is no possibility of 
protecting civilian populations from a 
nuclear holocaust other than the dis- 
mantling of the nuclear arsenals, and 
WHEREAS the widespread militariza- 
tion of the earth has diverted the 
world's scarce economic, technologi- 
cal and human resources form the 
pressing needs of the earth's peoples, 

WHEREAS weapons systems now un- 
der development place us today on 
the threshold of a new round in the 
nuclear arms race which will greatly 
increase the likelihood of a nuclear 
exchange, therefore be it 
RESOLVED that we call upon the 
President and the Congress of the 
United States to propose to the Presi- 
dent and the Politburo of the Union 
of Soviet Socialist Republics an 
immediate mutual freeze on the 
testing, production and deploy- 
ment of nuclear weapons, and of 
missiles and new aircraft designed 
to deliver those weapons, and be it 

RESOLVED that this resolution be 
forwarded as a Memorial to the 67th 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, to meet in new Orleans, Lou- 
isiana, in 1982 with our recommenda- 
tion for its adoption by that body, and 
be it further 

RESOLVED that this resolution be 
forwarded from this body to the Pres- 
ident, the Secretary of State, and the 
Secretary of Defense of the United 
States, and to the North Carolina 
Congressional delegation, and be it 

RESOLVED that the Annual Conven- 
tion of the Diocese of North Carolina 
call upon all members of the Episco- . 
pal Church in the Diocese to work to 
end the nuclear arms race. 

Presented by 

The Reverend L. Bartine Sherman 

St. Martin's Church, Charlotte 

Permanent Stewardship 

WHEREAS the Committee on the 
Bishop's Address at the 1981 Dioce- 
san Convention asked that Bishop 
Fraser be authorized to establish a 
Commission on Stewardship; 
AND WHEREAS Bishop Fraser estab- 
lished said Commission on Steward- 
ship to serve as a special commission 
for a period of one year; 
AND WHEREAS the special Commis- 
sion on Stewardship has completed its 
preliminary work and finds the estab- 
lishment of a permanent Diocesan 
Commission on Stewardship to be 
both essential and in order; 
THEREFORE be it resolved by the 
1982 Convention that Bishop Fraser 
be authorized to establish a perma- 
nent standing Commission on Stew- 
ardship to be part of the diocesan 
structure and organization. 

Glenn E. Busch 

To Establish Diocesan 
Stewardship Statement 

WHEREAS the Bishop's Special Com- 
mission on Stewardship was asked to 
examine the nature of stewardship 
within the diocese; 

AND WHEREAS the Special Commis- 
sion on Stewardship in its concluding 
report recommends that the diocese 
adopt a stewardship statement which 
will provide an explication of our be- 
liefs about the meaning of steward- 
ship and our expectations as to how 
stewardship should be practiced by 
the members of the diocese; 
THEREFORE be it resolved by the 
1982 Diocesan Convention that the 
proposed statement of stewardship 
presented by the Special Stewardship 
Commission and the Bishops of our 
diocese be accepted and endorsed as 
the official diocesan stewardship 

Glenn E. Busch 

Proposed Stewardship 

Acknowledging our responsibilities as 
the Bishops and the appointed mem- 
bers of the special Commission on 
Stewardship of the Diocese of North 
Carolina, we call the attention of 
every member of the diocese to the 
following statement and request your 
prayerful consideration of it. Our aim 
is to awaken in each of us the joy of 
giving in partnership with God and to 
convey excitement about our diocesan 

work in tKc name of our Irf>tvJ, J*-.-*i«^ 

Christ. In His many stories about giv- 
ing, Jesus reminds us that self-seeking 
brings death and self-giving brings 

The task of stewardship is a means 
by which we are confronted with our 
privileges and responsibilities as 
members of the household of God. It 
causes us to reflect on the value we 
hold of ourselves and the use of our 
time, talent and treasure. The word 
stewardship means the management 
of something which belongs to 
another. The Christian steward is the 
manager of the gifts of God. The 
steward has been entrusted with life, 
a vocation, time, money and skills. 
They are given over to his or her care 
and are to be used wisely. The stew- 
ard professes and practices his or her 
faith as a joyful response to the sav- 
ing work of Christ. 

We recognize that we are stewards of 
all that God has given us. We support 
a ten percent return to our Lord as 
the historical and Biblical standard. 
Some of us tithe and each of us who 
has not yet reached that level has 
selected as an interim guideline a 
lesser percentage of income, time and 
skills. While the exact percentage 
varies with the circumstances and ob- 
ligations of the particular steward, the 
interim guideline most often recog- 
nized is five percent. We urge every 
member of our diocese to consider his 
or her stewardship with this commit- 
ment in mind. 

As stewards of the gifts received from 
our Lord, each of us is committed to 
the above principles. In the belief that 
we are doing what our Lord has call- 
iv. ed us to do, each of the undersigned 
£~ hereby pledges to pray, give, work 
o- and witness to these principles of 
^ stewardship. 

Glenn E. Busch 

* Diocesan Policy on Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse 

WHEREAS the 1981 North Carolina 
Diocesan Convention passed a resolu- 
tion calling for the establishment of a 
Diocesan Commission on Alcoholism 
and Drug Abuse 

AND WHEREAS the Bishop of North 
Carolina did appoint a Diocesan Com- 
mission on Alcoholism ■ 
the Diocese of North Carolina adopt 
the Diocesan Policy on Alcoholism 
and Drug Abuse as submitted to this 

the Diocesan Commission on Alcohol- 

ism be given the responsibility and 
authority for the implementation of 
this Policy 

Parish and Mission in the Diocese of 
North Carolina appoint a Commission 
on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse that 
would be involved with and respon- 
sible for the coordination of education 
and awareness necessary to combat 
the problems of alcoholism and drug 

Presented by 
The Rev J. Gary Gloster 


Trustee, University of the South 
John C. Maddocks 
St. Barnabas, Greensboro. Current: 
Convention Delegate, Reports, Lay 
Reader, Mission Committee. Past: 
Bishop's Committee on Credentials, 
Bishop's Committee on Miscellaneous 

Board of Directors, 
Conference Center 

Clerical Order 

The Rev. S. F. James Abbott 

St. Thomas, Reidsville. Rector. Interim 
Board of Directors, Conference Center; 
Commission on Ministry; Diocesan 
Council; Standing Committee. 

Tilt «v. V . UU^rKllLX II. X7TWTrn 

St. Michael's, Raleigh. Rector. Interim 
Board of Directors, Conference Center; 
Trustee, Murdoch Memorial Society. 
The Rev. John R. Campbell 
St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem. Rector. In- 
terim Board of Directors, Conference 
Center; Convocation Dean; Standing 
Committee; Diocesan Council; Deputy, 
General Convention. 
The Rev. Wilson R. Carter 
Grace Church, Lexington. Rector. In- 
terim Board of Directors, Conference 
Center; Standing Committee; Diocesan 
Council; Commission on Ministry. 
The Rev. Ronald N. Fox 
St. Augustine's, Raleigh. Chaplain. 
The Rev. Robert L. Sessum 
All Saints', Concord. Rector. Diocesan 
Council; Education and Training. 
The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 
St. Stephen's, Oxford. Rector. Diocesan 
Council; Department of Finance, 
Education and Training Chairman. 
The Rev. Downs C. Spittlerjr. 
St. Timothy's, Wilson. Rector. Interim 
Board of Directors, Conference Center; 
Dean of Convocation; Diocesan Coun- 

The Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Rector. In- 
terim Board of Directors, Conference 
Center; Convocation Dean; Diocesan 
Council; Deputy, General Convention. 
Lay Order 
Phyllis Barrett 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Interim 
Board of Directors, Conference Center; 
Diocesan Council; Department of 
Finance; ECW Officer; Delegate, Provin- 
cial Synod. 
H. A. Brown, Jr. 

St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. Interim Board 
of Directors, Conference Center. 
James L. Bulla 

St. Mary's, High Point. Interim Board of 
Directors, Conference Center; Senior 
Warden, Parish. 
Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh. 

Center; Trustee, Standing Committee; 
Diocesan Council; Deputy, General 
Thomas A. Fanjoy 
Trinity Church, Statesville. Interim Board 
of Directors, Conference Center; 
Diocesan Council; Department of 
Finance; Deputy, General Convention. 
Rose Flannagan 
Holy Innocents, Henderson. Interim 
Board of Directors, Conference Center; 
Standing Committee; Diocesan Council; 
ECW President; Deputy, General Con- 
Marion Follin 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro. Interim Board 
of Directors, Conference Center; In- 
vestment Committee, Diocesan Coun- 

E. H. Hardison 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Interim Board 
of Directors, Conference Center; 
Diocesan Council; Department of 

Nominations continued on the 
back page. 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Art Director: Dana Davis Bayley 

The Communicant is published ten times a year 
(monthly, except July and August) by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. Non- 
diocesan subscriptions arc $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
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envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

The Communicant— January, 1982— Page 3 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 


February/March, 1982 

Diocese extends 
voting rights 

WINSTON-SALEM-A call for increas- 
ed church support for social service 
programs in response to federal budget 
cutbacks and passage of a constitution- 
al amendment providing for propor- 
tional representation highlighted the 
166th Annual Convention of the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina which met here 
January 29-30. 

More than 400 clerical and lay dele- 
gates heard the Rt. Reverend Thomas 
A. Fraser remind them of what he 
termed "the Gospel's call toactive and 
self -giving service," and challenge each 
of the diocese's 116 congregations to 
set aside 5% of their net income for 
outreach to those in need. 

The delegates also approved amend- 

The Rev. John Tol Broome speaking to delegates at Diocesan Convention. 

Delegates say 'no more 

WINSTON-SALEM-The worldwide 
drive to reverse the arms race picked 
up local support last month, as the 
166th Diocesan Convention approved a 
resolution calling for the elimination of 
all nuclear weapons. 

By their action, Convention delegates 
voted to "call upon the President and 

the Congress of the United States to 
propose to the President and the Polit- 
buro of the Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics, and all other nations pos- 
sessing or pursuing a nuclear arms ca- 
pability, the complete elimination of all 
nuclear weapons by January 1, 1984." 

"Either we halt the arms race or we 

face annihilation," explained the Rev. 
Arthur Kortheuer, author of the resolu- 

"The insane build-up of nuclear wea- 
pons by the major powers, together 
with proliferation of nuclear capacity 
to an ever-expanding number of na- 
tions brings us even closer to the very 

Fraser sets retirement date 

WINSTON-SALEM-Two decades in 
the same job is a long time for anyone. 
For the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, it is 
long enough. 

Now in the twenty-second year of his 
consecration, Bishop Fraser has an- 
nounced his intention to retire on Jan- 
uary 1, 1983. 

Fraser announced his retirement at the 
Convention Banquet on Friday, Janu- 
ary 29. 

He told delegates that he wanted a 
little time with them apart from the 
regular agenda since this would be his 
last Diocesan Convention, and thanked 
them "for the privilege of serving as a 
Bishop in this diocese." 

The full text of his address can be 
found on page 5 of this issue. 

Ordained to the priesthood in 1942, 
Fraser has spent the last 31 years of his 
ministry in the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina, where he has served as bishop 
since his consecration as coadjutor in 

He was coadjutor for five years under 
the Rt. Rev. Richard Henry Baker, 

before becoming diocesan in 1965. 

He will be succeeded by the Rt. Rev. 
Robert W. Estill, who has served the 
diocese as bishop coadjutor since 1980. 

"To those of you who have been advis- 
ing me that this is the wrong time to re- 
tire," Fraser explained, "I can only fol- 
low my own advice to others, and that 
is, to face reality." 

"Seventy-five percent of a ministry in 
one place is a long time, and I am a 
wanderer at heart," said Fraser, "but it 
builds tradition and creates numerous 
and indelible friendships, both within 
the Episcopal family and outside of that 
family. It gives one roots and makes 
one feel at home." 

"Almost all of my ordained life has 
been served in a crisis ministry," said 
Fraser, whose episcopate spanned both 
the turbulent civil rights era of the '60s 
and the anti-war movement of the '70s. 

"It hasn't been easy, but it has been 
rewarding, challenging and exciting." 

"Out of the strife and stress of these 
years, there have come some of my 
most treasured friendships and 

spiritual growth that otherwise would 
not have been achieved," Fraser ex- 

"It is in suffering and crisis that one is 
able to find a small place in his heart 
for the living God. Knowing what I 
know today, I would do it all over 
again. I would probably make the same 
mistakes, but it has been fun." 

Fraser said he intends to spend three 
weeks in mid-February on a short ar- 
chaelogical expedition to the Middle 
East, which, he explained, "will take 
me back to the desert which speaks 
emphatically to my spiritual life in a 
way nothing else does." -* 

Upon his return, he expects to resume 
the study he began last summer during 
his sabbatical as a chaplain at the Duke 
University Medical Center. 

Fraser told delegates that he will attend 
the next General Convention, and re- 
main Diocesan until January 1, 1983. 
Until that date, he will continue as 
Chairman of the Boards of diocesan in- 
stitutions as required by canons and le- 
gal agreements and will remain the re- 
sponsible fiscal officer of the diocese. 

ments to the Diocesan Constitution and 
Canons granting representation at the 
Diocesan Convention to all Episcopal 
congregations in proportion to their 
communicant strength, and abolishing 
the unit rule for votes in the lay order. 

As a result of that action, every con- 
gregation, inducing unorganized mis- 
sions, will be entitled to at least one 
delegate to the 167th Convention, and 
the majority in the lay order will now 
be determined by counting the votes of 
individual delegates instead of the 
votes of delegations. 

In other action, taken during the IV2 
Continued on Page 3. 


real possibility of a nuclear holocaust, ' ' 
Kortheuer told the delegates. 

In arguing for passage of the resolution, 
the Charlotte priest noted that the life 
of faith is in direct contradiction to the 
life of fear, and urged the delegates to 
take action in response to the call to 
peacemaking issued last fall by the 
Church's House of Bishops. 

In a Pastoral Letter issued at the con- 
clusion of their annual meeting last Oc- 
tober, the Bishops of the Episcopal 
Church challenged the leaders of the 
world to "repudiate reliance on mili- 
tary threats in favor of the more de- 
manding discipline of military restraint 
and negotiation for arms control, ' ' and 
called upon all Episcopalians to ' 'press 
the issue with elected officials at all 
levels of government." 

Continued on page 16. 


state and local 

Search for Wholeness to be theme 
of summer education conference 

BROWNS SUMMIT— Verna Dozier, popular 
Bible teacher and conference leader, will be- 
the keynote speaker for the 1982 Adult Ed- 
ucation Conference which will be held at 
the Episcopal Conference Center here June 

Presented by the diocesan Education and 
Training Committee, the fourth annual 
conference will present a balanced ap- 
proach to the Christian life, according to 
Betsey Price Savage. 

"We must develop our inner, spiritual life 
so that we can be useful servants in God's 
world," explained Savage, who is coodina- 
ting this year's conference. 

Conference planners expect ' 'The Search 
for Wholeness" will encourage develop- 
ment in the equally important areas of self- 
nurture and ministry to others, they said. 

Dozier will speak on "The Gospel as Crea- 
tion, Resource and Grace." In her teach- 
ing on these themes, Dozier reminds her 
students that they are "new beings with a 
divine call." 

"As such we are empowered as a commu- 
nity to respond and are given a sacramen- 
tal life which reminds us of our empow- 
erment and calls us to repentance when we 
do not do all that we are called to do," 
Dozier believes. 

The keynote themes will provide the focus 
for the small group workshops, which will 
offer a careful mix of 'how-to' skills and 
personal enrichment. Under Dozier 's theo- 
logically-informed direction, conference 
participants will spend each day in study, 
worship and play. 

A retired school teacher from Washington, 
D.C., Dozier is one of the church's best- 
known lay teachers of the Bible and the 
Christian life. Her work with prisoners 
was featured in a recent issue of n» lpiioo- 
pailan, the national publication of the Epis- 
copal Church. 

This is the second year that the conference 
will enjoy the use of the excellent faculties 
of the new Conference Center at Browns 

Registration forms will be available in the 
March issue of The Oommunlunt, and through 
the local parish. Cost for the 2V6 session 
will be $99 per person, and completed re- 
gistration forms should be sent to Patricia 
Graetz, Conference Registrar, 1101 Onslow, 
Greensboro, N.C. 27408. 

Curslllio announces dates for 1988 

GREENSBORO— The popular "short course 
in Christianity" will be offered three times 
this year, according to Frank M. Houston, 
Chairman of the Cursillo Secretariat In the 
Diocese of North Carolina. 

A renewal movement which had its start 
in the -Catholic Church in Spain, Cursillo 
came to North Carolina about 10 years ago, 
and is now being offered in Luthern and 
Episcopal forms as well. 

The next three Cursillo weekends are 
scheduled for March 18-21, May 13-16 and 
September 23-26. More information can be 
obtained from Frank M. Houston, 1030 
Professional Village, Greensboro, NC 27401. 

Spring Youth Conference planned 

RALEIGH— Annual elections will be a 
highlight of the Spring Youth Conference 
when it gathers at Valle Crucis April 16-18. 
Approximately 200 young people from the 
Diocese of North Carolina will take part in 
the three-day event, which will include 
elections for membership on the Diocesan 
Youth Commission. More information can 
be obtained from local parishes, or from 
the Office of Youth Ministries, Episcopal 
Diocese of N.C, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
N.C. 27619. 

March conference on lay ministry 
explores Taith*Monday Morning' 

BROWNS SUMMIT— Ministry as a way of 
life will be the focus of a workshop and re- 
treat which will be held at the Conference 
Center here March 26-27. 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill will help fa- 
cilitate the day-long conference, which is 
designed to assist lay people explore the re- 
lationship between "Faith and Monday 

Estill will be assisted by Anne McGlinchey, 
Emily Suber and Mac Huslander, three lay 
people whose combination of training and 
personal experience make them particular- 
ly skillful at helping others understand 
ministry as an approach to the whole of 

McGlinchey and Sube 1 " work with the Na- 
tional Institute for Lay Ministry as director 
and field representative respectively, and 
Huslander is the director of Clergy and 
Laity Together in Ministry. 

The conference will begin with a wine and 
cheese reception at 5:30 p.m. March 26, 
and conclude at 4:30 p.m. March 27. Cost 
for the diocesan event is $42, and includes 
three meals and overnight accomodations. 

Registrations should be mailed to Emily 
Suber, 708 Brunswick Place, Cary, N.C. 
27511, and must be received by March 15. 

Conference on aging to feature 
practical workshops and stories 

WINSTON-SALEM— "Should auld acquain- 
tance be forgot and never brought to 

Although almost two hundred years have 
passed since Robert Burns asked that 
question, there is a growing awareness 
that the Church has many "old acquain- 
tances", and will have many more in the 
near future, explains the Rev. Jacob Viver- 
ette,Jr., Assistant to the Rector at St. 
Paul's Church in Winston-Salem. 

That explains why the Diocesan Task Force 
on Aging has planned a conference on the 
subject. "We want to bring these old ac- 
quaintances to mind In what we believe 
will be a helpful manner," explained VI- 
verette, a member of the task force. 

Emma Lou Benignus will give the keynote 
address for the event, which will be held 
at the diocesan Conference Center from 
March 24-25. The director of the "Alterna- 
tives for the Aging' ' program for the Board 
of National Ministries of the American Bap- 
tist Churches, Benignus has been Professor 
of Pastoral Theology at the Episcopal Divi- 
nity School in Cambridge, Mass. 

The conference will begin at 11:00 a.m. 
Wednesday, March 24, and conclude with 
lunch on Thursday, March 25. The format 
includes models for ministry, workshops, 
presentations on successful programs and 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Art Director: Dana Davis Bayley 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

personal stories from older adults. 

The diocesan event Is open to no more 
than 3 participants from each congregation 
and registrations will be accepted on a 
"first come, first served" basis. Cost for 
the conference is $40 per person, and in- 
cludes four meals and overnight accomoda- 
tions. More information can be obtained 
from Mrs. Harold Hansen, 3112 High 
Ridge Road, Matthews, N.C. 28105. 

Centennial celebration to highlight 
annual meeting of ECW in April 

TARBORO— A century of service will be the 
focus of the Annual Meeting of the Episco- 
pal Churchwomen when it meets at Calvary 
church here April 27-28. 

An original play, an historical presentation 
and a panel discussion on "Women and the 
Law" will mark the Centennial observation 
of the founding of the ECW which held its 
first annual meeting In Tarboro in 1882. 

Keynote speaker for the panel discussion 
will be Meyressa Schoomaker, President 
of the North Carolina Center for Laws 
Affecting Women. Also participating as 
members of the panel will be Lauren Reeve 
Kirkpatrick, a staff member of the N.C. 
Religious Coalition for Abortion Rights, 
Ann Whitley, Executive Director of The 
Women's Center in Raleigh. 

Dr. Helen Martikainen of Chapel Hill will 
be moderator for the discussion, which is 
scheduled for the opening session of the 
annual meeting at 2:00 p.m. Tuesday, 
April 27. Martikainen is a former Director 
of the World Health Organization, and 
chairman of the Section on Education. 

The evening session will begin with dinner 
at 6:30 p.m., highlighted by the perfor- 
mance of "A Chapter from the Annals of 
the Cosmic Churchwomen", an original 
play written by Boney Wall and Coleen 
Hartsoe, and performed by members of St. 
Mary's Repertoire Company of High Point. 

The worship service at 8:30 will include 
the celebration of the eucharist and the 
presentation of the United Thank Offering. 
Preacher for the service will be the Rt. Rev. 
Alexander Stewart, Bishop of Western Mas- 
sachusetts. The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, 
Bishop of North Carolina, and the Rt. Rev. 
Robert W. Estill, Bishop Coadjutor, will 

The second day's session will begin with 
the general business meeting at 9:30 a.m. 
Wednesday. Jaquelin Nash of Tarboro will 
make a special presentation on "A History 
of the First One Hundred Years". 

Resolutions scheduled for consideration 
during the legislative session include a pro- 
posed resolution on driving under the in- 
fluence and a resolution on laws affecting 
women. The meeting will conclude with the 
Installation of officers and an address by 
Bishop Fraser. 

The 1982 Annual Meeting Is being hosted 
by the Episcopal Churchwomen of Calvary, 
St. Luke's and St. Michael's Churches In 
Tarboro, and all women of the church are 
Invited to attend. 

Students wanted for trip to Haiti 

CHARLOTTE— On June 16 they'll leave for 
Haiti. And for the next two weeks, 15 high 
school students and five adult advisors 
will work clocely with the people of Mon- 
trouis as part of a joint ministry of the 
Diocese of North Carolina and the Diocese 
of Haiti. 

The program got its start three years ago, 
when a group of 37 young people from the 
Diocese of North Carolina took part in a 
two-week work trip which saw the innocu- 
lation of over 800 school children at the 
medical clinic in Montrouis. 

This summer's goup will undertake similar 
kinds of work, and also take part In p. con- 
servation project designed to help combat 
Haiti's chronic erosion problem. The group 
will spend 12 days at Montrouis, a small 
oceanf ront town about 1 Y» hours north of 

"We will be living together under new and 
demanding circumstances," explains the 
Rev. Bob Dannals, coordinator of the work 
trip. In addition to taking an active part in 
the Episcopal Church's ministry in Haiti, 

Dannals expects "to learn more about our 
selves, about a new environment and about 
our faith." Dannals is Assistant to the 
Rector of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

This summer's program for young people 
Is being jointly sponsored by the Diocese of 
Haiti and the Diocese of North Carolina's 
Venture in Mission Program, chaired by 
the Rev. Nicholson B. White, Rector of 
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. The 
work trips, like the current program of 
medical missions to Haiti, are designed to 
personalize the Church's mission to go Into 
all the world in God's name, White says. 

The experience will be a demanding one 
for students and adult advisors alike, Dan- 
nals explains. "Those accepted for this 
work trip will spend a lot of time learning 
to work as a team before we leave for Haiti, 
and reading and reflection will also be part 
of the required preparation." 

Cost for the entire trip will be $600, and 
each student will be required to earn at 
least $200 of that amount through their 
own labor. "We believe it is very important 
that participants in this experience demon- 
strate beforehand their willingness to 
make a significant contribution to the cost 
of the trip," Dannals says. 

Participation is limited to 15 students 
entering grades 9-12, and all applications 
must be received no later than April 1. For 
more information and application forms, 
please contact the Rev. Bob Dannals, Christ 
Church, P.O. Box 6214, Charlotte 28207. 

Church press reacts to postal hike 

NEW YORK (DPS)— Editors in the religious 
press have had more need for calculators 
than typewriters this month, in the wave 
of red ink created by the recent twofold 
jump in second-class postal rates. 

Religious publications learned last Decem- 
ber that subsidies for second-class non- 
profit mail had fallen victim in the struggle 
over the federal budget. The new rate struc- 
tures established by the Postal Service have 
means sharp, unexpected increases in 
postal costs which have now doubled for 
most publications. 

The monthly postal bill for Hit Oommunlunt 
jumped 114% in January to $960, up from 
$448 in December. Third-class rates for 
parish bulletins increased from 3.5" to 7.1' 
per piece, a jump of 102%. 

Rates are determined by a complicated for- 
mula based on the editorial and advertising 
content, single copy weight, zip-code sort- 
ing and area of distribution, and actual in- 
creases vary with each publication. 

Postal costs are up 200% or more for non- 
profit mailers, and the resulting budget 
crunch will impose "severe hardship to all 
religious publications", according to the 
Rev.H. Boone B. Porter, editor of Th« Living 

Because the church press operates on a 
hand-to-mouth basis under normal circum- 
stances, it is difficult to say who will suf- 
fer most, though national publications 
with large circulations will be hit hardest. 

Henry McCorkel, editor and publisher of 
The ljiitopalun, expects the annual postage 
for the 260,000 circulation monthly news- 
paper will be $250,000 this year, $110,000 
more than what has been budgeted for 

Non-profit groups across the nation have 
reacted with everything from dismay to 
anger in the wake of the unexpected postal 
increases, and a number of regional and 
professional coalitions are being formed to 
lobby Congress for a rollback to the previ- 
ously agreedupon plan for the gradual In- 
crease in second and third-class postal 

Back in 1970, Congress had established a 
system to phase out its postal subsidy for 
non-profit publications through annual 
rate Increases through 1987. The Reagan 
administration wanted the subsidy ended 
in 1982, five years ahead of schedule, as 
part of its effort to reduce non-military 
items in the federal budget. 

Instead of the expected 15% Increase, the 
church press has found itself facing a rate 
hike of 110% or more, and the resulting 
budget crunch is forcing many publications 
to decrease their number of issues or in- 
crease their subscription rates. 


Page 2— The Communicant— February/March, 19o2 

Diocese extends voting rights 

Continued from Page 1. 

day session, Convention delegates vo- 
ted to: 

•approve the 1982 Program and 
Maintenance budgets as proposed by 
the Diocesan Council— $398,711 for 
Episcopal Maintenance (up 10% over 
1981) and $831,347 for Church's Pro- 
gram (up 2%); 

•approve a resolution calling for the 
complete elimination of all nuclear 
weapons by 1984 on the part of all na- 
tions possessing nuclear arms capabili- 


•establish a permanent and standing 
Commission on Stewardship as part of 
the diocesan structure and organiza- 

•adopt a Diocesan Policy on Alcohol- 
ism and Drug Abuse as submitted by 
the Diocesan Commission on Alcohol- 
ism established by direction of the 
1981 Diocesan Convention; 

•make the Committee on Structure and 
Organization a Convention committee 
and request that it report to the 1983 
Diocesan Convention; 

•send greetings and best wishes to the 
Episcopal Churchwomen on their 
100th Anniversary in appreciation for 
their service and leadership to the 

•approve a reslolution expressing grati- 
tude to the Bishop and Mrs. Fraser "for 
their life and ministry amoung us' ' and 
their "profound thanksgiving to God 
for the gift of Bishop Fraser' s episco- 
pate" in response to the announcement 
that he will retire effective January 1, 

"The Church is not a tax shelter," Fra- 
ser told the delegates in his annual 
Convention address at the opening eu- 
charist in Wake- Forest University's 
Wait Chapel. 

The church is tax free only as long as it 
serves the common good, Fraser ex- 
plained, noting that the institutional 
church does not deserve to wear the 
label "Christian unless it is actively 
reaching out to those in need." 

Fraser told the delegates that "the 
world over which God gave us domi- 
nion is sick. If the Christian church is 
to fill its confessed role, then it must 
feed the hungry, visit the sick, clothe 
those who are cold and welcome the 

It was the recognition of this respon- 
sibility, Fraser explained, that promp- 
ted members of the Diocesan Council 
to approve the expenditure of Diocesan 
Trust Fund income equal to at least 5% 
of the total 1982 diocesan budget to 
support parish outreach efforts through 
the Parish Grant Program. 

He challenged all of the 1 16 congrega- 
tions in the diocese to do likewise by 
setting aside 5% of theri net income for 

"This is an imperative of the Gospel for 
each of us, " Fraser said. "Not only is 
this being asked of us by the leaders of 
our government and social agencies, 
but it is slowly being demanded of us 
by a world suffering form terrorism, 
unethical practices by individuals and 
institutions, unemployment and infla- 
tion, all of which do not have viable 
solutions in sight." 

The bishop praised existing outreach 
efforts through the diocese's four par- 
ish-based soup kitchens, and the Ra- 

" ' ; I ": ' : " ' " 

' :: ' "■: : ' "" ' V' ; V'^ ' V, ' "- ' " ■ -~~~— 

< "%4&XM&*Mtr' :; 


Wake Forest University's Wait Chapel, site of the 166th Annual Convention 

leigh-area North Carolina Food Bank. 
He also commended the recently-an- 
nounced decision of Christ Church, 
Charlotte to raise $1 million to fight 
poverty, and the handful of congrega- 
tions in the diocese which have already 
earmarked 5% of their net income for 
outreach to the needy in their local 

Fraser reminded delegates that the 
New Testament teaches that "if any- 
one has this world's goods and sees his 
Brother in need and closes his heart, 
the love of God does not abide in him." 

He concluded his address by calling 
upon Episcopalians to love "not in 
word or speech but in deed and truth." 

Although Convention planners had 
scheduled floor debate over the pro- 
posed constitutional and canonical 
amendments regarding proportional 
representation for the Saturday morn- 
ing session, the battle was joined Fri- 
day afternoon with the report of the 
Committee on the State of the Church 

which urged that the legislation be 

In arguing for the defeat of the propos- 
ed constitutional change, the Rev. Rob- 
ert W. Duncan, Jr., speaking for the 
Committee, characterized the proposed 
change as "a fundamental alteration of 
Episcopal Church policy" which would 
make the communicant the fundamen- 
tal unit of the diocese rather than the 

Duncan, who serves at the Assistant to 
the Rector at the Chapel of the Cross in 
Chapel Hill, questioned whether "its 
practical and long-range consequences 
for the health and unity of the diocese 
have actually been considered?" 

Explaining that more time was needed 
to become familiar with the implica- 
tions of the proposed legislation, the 
Committee "recommend(ed) that this 
Convention defeat this constitutional 

The Committee's position was echoed 

The new voting rules: 

Who gains? Who loses? 

According to the newly-adopted legislation, which takes effect im- 
mediately, each congregation in the diocese will be represented in the 
Convention in accordance with the average number of its com- 
municants in good standing for the last three years according to the 
following proportions: 

Communicants in 

Number of 

good standing 

lay delegates 

1- 49 










1000 and over 


In proposing the schedule above, the Committee on Constitution and 
Canons explains that it "would have the effect of retaining the overall 
number of lay delegates to the Convention approximately at its present 
number while affirming the principle of proportional representation.' 

by the first few delegates who rose to 
speak against the legislation when it 
reached the Convention floor on Satur- 
day morning. 

But in spite of several efforts to defer 
consideration of the proposals until the 
next Convention, it quickly became ap- 
parent that the majority of the dele- 
gates were opposed to further delay. 

"I want to applaud the excellent work 
of the Committee on Constitution and 
Canons, " the Rev. Roderick Reineck 

"They've clearly done their home- 
work. Unfortunately, it is clear that 
others have not done theirs," he ex- 
plained, and pointed out that the pro- 
posed legislation had been available 
since it had been ratified on first 
reading by Convention last year. Rei- 
necke is the Rector of Holy Comforter, 

Several other delegates walked to the 
microphone to point out that the fact 
that constitutional changes required 
ratification by two successive conven- 
tions provided delegates with more 
than enough time to consider the mer- 
its of the proposed legislation. 

"I don't think the vestry of St. Martin's 
wants to spend any more time studying 
or debating proportional representa- 
tion," said the Rev. L. Bartine Sher- 
man, Rector. "They want to talk about 
evangelism, stewardship, or outreach 
to the needy in this sick and troubled 
world, so let's decide now on this issue 
either way." 

Speaking in favor of proportional 
representation, the Rev. Harrison Si- 
mons, Rector of St. Stephen's, Oxford 
argued that "we need to say clearly 
that we are a diocese of congregations, 
not just of parishes." Speaking as chair- 
man of the Small Church Committee 
which had initially called for the legis- 
lation, Simons noted that "the National 
Church voted to drop the term mission- 
ary diocese years ago; why can we not 
do the same with regard to our chur- 
ches?' ' 

While he acknowledged that some par- 
ishes would gain in delegate strength 
with the adoption of proportional 
representation while other would lose 
a little, Simons reminded the Conven- 
tion that "what will happen in every 
case will be that every one of our con- 
gregations will have voice and vote in 
diocesan affairs." 

Although opposition was vociferous, at 
times, the proposed amendments won 
the support of the majority of dele- 
gates, who ratified the legislation by 
substantial margins in a series of votes 
by orders. 

With their appetite for debate ap- 
parently appeased by the long floor 
fight over constitutional legislation, 
delegates passed the other resolutions 
with little or no discussion. 

A resolution urging diocesan program 
budget support for the three predomi- 
nantly black colleges affiliated with the 
Episcopal Church was referred to the 
Diocesan Council, as was a resolution 
concerning the Diocesan Policy on 
Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse as 
approved by the Convention. 

Following reports by several commit- 
tees and individuals and various reso- 
lutions of courtesy, the 166th Diocesan 
Convention was adjourned. 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 3 

The church is not a tax shelter' 

By the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser 

give my Convention address 
in the context of the Euchar- 
ist. We are gathered together 
to be about our Lord's business. It is 
right and fitting to begin that business 
by offering ourselves and our obla- 
tions in remembrance of Him. 

First, I would like to share with you 
an observation of our diocese by a 
visitor who spent a week with us. It 
is part of Archbishop Trevor Huddle- 
ston's report to his jurisdiction after 
visiting here at the conclusion of the 
Primates meeting of the Anglican 
Communion this past spring. Arch- 
bishop Huddleston has served the 
Church in England, Africa and the In- 
dian Ocean. He is probably the most 
widely known and effective bishop of 
the Anglican Communion over the past 
25 years. He wrote: 

North Carolina is a fascinating diocese 
which combines vast stretches of farming 
land with some rapidly developing indus- 
tries—not the least tobacco. But my job 
there was to inaugurate the new Confer- 
ence Center at Brown's Summit by con- 
ducting two conferences — one for the 
clergy and another for the Episcopal 
Churchwomen—both very well attended. 
One could get a bit jealous of the beauti- 
fully planned and equipped diocesan 
'amenities'. The Episcopal Church cer- 
tainly knows how to design such places 
and knows where to put them, too! A 
packed church is pretty well normal on 
a Sunday morning wherever one goes in 
the States— that, too, is quite an encour- 
agement. Two sermons in Charlotte at 
the other end of the diocese and then a 
longish drive to Philadelphia finished 
that busy week. But in fact I have for- 
gotten to mention a most interesting visit 
to St. Augustine's College, Raleigh— one 
of our Church Colleges with a predomi- 
nately black faculty and student-body. 
Certainly the difference between 1957— 
when I first visited the South and met 
Martin Luther King at the beginning of 
his civil rights campaign— and 1981 is 
tremendous, and vastly encouraging. Of 
course there are bad inner-city areas; 
but England would do well to reflect on 
some of the very positive ways in which 
the U.S. has fought job-discrimination 
and inferior education over the past 
twenty-five years. 

An interesting obvservation from 
across the seas! 

million dollar cam 
paign— $1.4 million for a 
conference center and 
$600,000 for Venture-in-Mission. As 
of this date, if all pledges are paid, 
the campaign will be slightly over- 
subscribed. The Conference Center 
was completed in May, opened in 
June, and used by many of you over 
the last six months, but it has a con- 
struction debt of approximately 
$330,000. We have, in effect, 
refinanced that loan and repaid 
NCNB and greatly reduced our inter- 
est rate. We owe $120,000 at 6% and 
$196,000 at 5Vi%. This does relax the 
heavy obligation of interest but does 
not relieve the obligation of paying 
these two notes which were made 
possible by the cooperation of the Di- 
ocesan Foundation and the Trustees 
and Investment Committee of the Di- 
ocese. Many of you have fulfilled 
your pledge. The Diocesan Episcopal 
Churchwomen have paid $80,000 of 

their $100,000 pledge, but some of us 
have not done as well. Let us get with 
it and clear the books of this issue as 
quickly as possible. 

Early last spring as I studied the State 
of the Church in this diocese, the ad- 
dition of a Bishop Coadjutor, and the 
growth, change and challenges facing 
our church, I sought our membership 
for a committee to study the Structure 
and Organization of the diocese. 
There had been such a committee 
when I was Bishop Coadjutor. It was 
one of the most helpful resources in 
preparing me for my work as Coadju- 
tor and ultimately as the Diocesan. 
That committee became a committee 
of the Convention by a resolution 
i adopted at the Annual Convention of 
1961. In its report to the next Con- 
vention it "reviewed the nature of an 
Episcopal diocese and the historical 
evolution of organization in this Dio- 
cese." The committee "examined at 
some length the principal officers, or- 
ganizations and agencies entrusted 
with major responsibility for diocesan 
functions under the Constitution and 
Canons of this Diocese." They devel- 
oped some insights into the organiza- 
tion and administration of this Dio- 
cese and the problems then facing the 
Diocese. The recomendations of this 
report substantially assisted me and 
the Diocese to function more effec- 
tively in the 60's and 70's and to fur- 
ther the work of the Church within 
our diocesan boundaries. 

Mr. Henry Lewis of the 
Chapel of the Cross is 
chairman of the pre- 
sent Committee and 
will make a brief progress report later 
in the day. Mr. Lewis' qualifications 
for the leadership are evidenced by 
his professional career at the Institute 
of Government, his life and devotion 
as a churchman, his personal 
knowledge of the people involved in 
the life of the State and Diocese and 
his commitment to the Episcopal 
Church on the local, diocesan and na- 
tional levels. He has the support of a 
sensitively chosen committee who 
over the past seven months have 
demonstrated both a high quality of 
ability and concern. Bishop Estill and 
I both meet regularly with the Struc- 
ture and Organization Committee 
whose study will, I believe, be of im- 
mense value to Bishop Estill and the 
Diocese in the years ahead. I ask and 
urge you to adopt a resolution making 
this Committee a Convention Com- 
mittee and asking them to report at 
our next Diocesan Convention in 

Finally, we need to remind ourselves 
constantly, and especially in these 
days, that the Church is not a tax 
shelter. It is tax free only as long as it 
serves the common good. For us this 
means the institutional church cannot 
be satisfied with wearing the label 
"Christian" unless the institutional 
church, in fact, reaches out to those 
in need and serves the common good. 
Not only is this an imperative of the 
Gospel for each of us— not only is this 
being asked of us by the leaders of 
our government and social agencies— 
but, unfortunately, it is slowly being 
demanded of us by a world suffering 
from terrorism, unethical practices by 
individuals and institutions, unem- 
ployment and inflation, all of which 
do not have viable solutions in sight. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Augustus Fraser, Bishop of North Carolina. 

"The world over which God 

gave us dominion is sick and 

if we are to save it and the 

Christian church is to fill its 

confessed role, then it must 

feed the hungry, visit the sick, 

clothe those who are cold and 

welcome the stranger." 

Diocesan outreach through Soup Kit- 
chens, Food Banks, and Grant Pro- 
grams deserves your most earnest and 
serious support. It is out of this con- 
viction that the Diocesan Council has 
voted to give 5% of the 1982 Program 
and Maintenance Budgets to support 
parish outreach efforts through the 
Parish Grant Program. We believe it 
is incumbent upon all of us to heed 
the Gospel's call to active and self- 
giving service, and I urge all of our 
churches to set aside 5% of their net 
income for 1982 outreach to those in 
need. Let me take this opportunity to 
commend Christ Church, Charlotte, 
for good stewardship of its resources 
and the other congregations of the di- 

ocese who have already adopted a 5% 
goal to meet the needs of their com- 

The world over which 
God gave us dominion is 
sick and if we are to save 
it and the Christian church 
isto fill its confessed role, then it 
must feed the hungry, visit the sick, 
clothe those who are cold and wel- 
come the stranger. For, as the New 
Testament teaches, "if anyone has 
this world's goods and sees his 
Brother in need and closes his heart, 
the love of God does not abide in 
him. Let us love not in word or 
speech but in deed and in truth." 

Page 4— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 

Hisprivile ge to serve 

Fraser recalls 22 years as a bishop 

tious of me to designate 
myself as the speaker for this 
Convention dinner, but I 
wanted a little time with you apart 
from the regular agenda since this 
will be my last Diocesan Convention. 
I want time to thank you for the 
privilege of serving as a Bishop in this 

To those of you who have been advis- 
ing me that this is the wrong time to 
retire, I can only follow my advice to 
others, and that is, to face reality. 

I was ordained on June 6, 1941. De- 
cember 7, 1941, was Pearl Harbor. 
The Church and her clergy were 
called to a twenty-four hour a day 
ministry. On the second Sunday after 
Easter in 1951, I became Rector of St. 
Paul's Church in Winston-Salem. On 
February 2, 1960, in the very early 
early years of the racial crisis, I was 
elected Bishop Coadjutor of this dio- 
cese. This all adds up to almost for- 
ty-one years of ordained ministry— 
thirty-one of those years in this dio- 
cese and twenty-two of those thirty- 
one as a Bishop. Almost all of my or- 
dained life has been served in a cri- 
sis ministry. It hasn't been easy, but 
it has been rewarding, challenging 
and exciting. Out of the strife and 
stress of these years, there have come 
some of my most treasured friend- 
ships and spiritual growth that other- 
wise would not have been achieved. 
It is in suffering and crisis that 
one is able to find a small place 
in his heart for the living God. Know- 
ing what I know today, I would do it 
all over again. I would probably 
make the same mistakes, but it has 
been fun. It has always been my con- 
viction that the ministry should be 
fun. I have always found it to be 
so. But these many years as a bish- 
op have changed my life and that of 
each member of my family. Never- 
theless, it has been my joy to watch 
and to participate in the growth of the 
Church in this diocese and to exper- 
ience the growth of the great State 
of North Carolina. 

■ fW i diocese in 1951 the 
■/ ■# combined budgets of 
W W the Church's Program 
Quota and the Episcopal Maintenance 
Fund were just about half of the pre- 
sent annual income of several of our 
parishes. At my first Diocesan Con- 
vention, I was elected to the Diocesan 
Council and Bishop Penick asked me 
to become involved in the Every 
Member Canvass and the finances of 
the diocese. It has been rewarding for 
me to see how the salaries of our 
lower paid clergy have risen from a 
round figure of $2,000 to the present 
minimum of $14,346; to see the 
establishment of a minimum salary; 
to assist clergy in the right of owning 
their own homes; to see the beginning 
of the Clergy Letter of Agreement; 
the addition of fringe benefits; and, 
especially, the program of Continuing 
Education for clergy and clergy 
wives. In many of these programs we 
were among the first in the Church. 
The only reason we were among the 
first was the imagination, the will- 
ingness to take a chance, and the 
sense of adventure of our lay people. 
I have found these changes and the 

quality of the ministry of our clergy a 
satisfying experience. When I read 
recently that because of dissent and 
disagreement 64 Episcopal clergy had 
begun their move to another com- 
munion and 20 more are in pre- 
paration, I realized that all of us 
should be grateful that not one priest 
of this diocese has chosen that course 
and, to the contrary, they have dem- 
onstrated strength and willingness to 
struggle with the tensions caused by 
change and have remained loyal to 
their Church. However, nothing has 
pleased me more than our diocesan 
and parish programs of outreach both 
at home and abroad. They have be- 
come hallmarks of the Diocese of 
North Carolina. 


Ml enjoy a flashback of 
M 1 g history and remember 
JL-*m when many of our chur- 
ches were small and, in some cases, 
inadequate frame buildings. I wish 
that I could paint you a picture. Chur- 
ches which you now know as Christ 
Church, St. John's, Holy Comforter, 
All Saints', St. Christopher's and St. 
Andrew's, Charlotte— All Saints', Con- 
cord; Trinity, Statesville; St. Anne's, 
Winston-Salem; St. Christopher's, 
High Point; St. Francis', St. Barnabas', 
and All Saints', Greensboro— St. 
Luke's, St. Andrew's, and St. 
Stephen's, Durham— St. Mark's, St. 
Timothy's, and St. Michael's, Ra- 
leigh—Trinity, Fuquay-Varina; St. 
Paul's, Cary; St. Christopher's, 
Garner— St. Andrew's and Christ 
Church in Rocky Mount— just did not 
exist. We had no student centers. Epi- 
phany, Rocky Mount; St. Ambrose, 
Raleigh; St. Cyprian's, Oxford; St. Ti- 
tus', Durham; The Church of the Re- 
deemer, Greensboro, and St. Ste- 
phen's, Winston-Salem, were all mar- 
ginal buildings, some without plumb- 
ing; St. Michael's, Raleigh, was a 
surplus Army building; and Christ 
Church, Charlotte, was a Quonset 
hut. Holy Trinity, Greensboro, had 
just finished its church building and 
St. Andrew's, Greensboro, was begin- 
ning plans for theirs. Look at all of 
them today. What a beautiful picture! 
It can only bring warmth and joy to 
the heart of a bishop. 

And there are the institutions with 
which the diocese is related. I have 
lived with them through their expan- 
sion which has been in many cases 
almost miraculous— Kanuga from a 
small wood structure to the beautiful 
center which it is today; the Thomp- 
- son Home moving from downtown 
Charlotte to an excellent facility on 
the outskirts of Charlotte; the con- 
struction of the Penick Home; St. Au- 
gustine's College from a small, barely 
viable institution to one of the out- 
standing church-related, predomi- 
nately black colleges of our country, 
which has just finished a $30 million 
campaign and is in the midst of a 
new $20 million campaign; St. Mary's 
Junior College regaining its strength 
and prominence; our present Dioce- 
san House, and our own Conference 
Center at Browns Summit 

M^W experience of this progress 
M m on the part of the Church 
^^a^P in the diocese there has 
been that of living with our laity who 
have contributed to the life of our 
State and have prospered in their 
businesses, in their professions, and 
advanced in the political life of our 
State. Colleges and universities in 
other parts of the country have had 
difficulties, but this State which is 
proud of its colleges and universities 
has supported them and many have 
grown and achieved national pro- 
minence. On the athletic field our 
loyalities are divided and strong, but 
we are a people with an equally 
strong commitment to education. 
Also, there has been a tremendous 
growth of business from one end of 
the diocese to the other, in some 
cases tripling in size, new businesses 
bringing new life, and I can recall the 
occasion when Luther Hodges and 
Robert Hanes announced that there 
would be a Research Triangle. It was 
at a luncheon that day that I found 
myself saying, "I am proud to be a 
citizen of this State!" 

In case I do not have another oppor- 
tunity, I want to express my gratitude 
for a first-rate Diocesan House staff. 
All the good that has been done from 
a Diocesan point of view during my 
episcopate has been due to the staff 
and to those lay people who have by 
their loyalty and imagination suppor- 
ted the Diocesan staff. One does not 
find easily such qualified personnel, 
trained and dedicated to the task at 
hand— the greeting when you come 
into the Diocesan House, the detailed 
assistance in the Business Office, 
Christian Social Ministries, the Office 
of Communication, and of course the 
devoted attention that has been given 
to my work by Marianne Jacobi. I 
have never been able to figure out 
whether I am an easy person to work 
for or whether it is her patience and 
endurance that has kept Mrs. Jacobi 
on the job for the last fifteen years. 
That is a long time to be a secretary 
to anyone. I am grateful to her. I ap- 
preciate those staff members who 
have been with me over the years 
and the support and the respect paid 
to each of them by the members of 
our diocesan family. 

ministry in one place is a 
long time, but it builds 
tradition and creates 
numerous and indelible friendships, 
both within the Episcopal family and 
outside of that family. It gives one 
roots and makes one feel at home. 
Our children grew up in this State. 
One is married and lives in this State. 
I have grandchildren in this State and 
nothing gives a person roots more 
than grandchildren. North Carolina is 
our home. 

What am I going to do? I do not 
know. At the appropriate time I will 
submit to the Standing Committee the 
canonical statement that is required to 
terminate one's episcopate. 

At the last Convention you were 

more than generous with provisions 
for a sabbatical. I sought out excellent 
advice as to the use of that time. 
Quite honestly, I felt that you were 
more than generous and I presumed 
that you were conscious of the fact 
that I would not abuse that generosi- 
ty. My experience at Duke last sum- 
mer was very refreshing and mean- 
ingful. As to the rest of my sabbatical, 
I would like to do several things: 
From the 18th of February till the 7th 
of March, I would like to take a : jrt 
trip to the Middle East, the cradle of 
civilization, which will be conducted 
by two archaeologists; but more im- 
portant than that, it will take me back 
to the desert which speaks emphati- 
cally to my spiritual life in a way that 
nothing else does. Our religion began 
in the desert. In the midst of a com- 
plex, technological age our souls are 
sometimes lost and dried out in a 
spiritual desert and there are times 
when the desert is watered, that it 
blooms and becomes a fragrant val- 
ley where death and resurrection be- 
come realities. For me the desert, 
with its scorching heat by day and 
its cold winds by night, is a combina- 
tion of the unknown of the sea and 
the misty peaks of the mountains, 
'both of which declare the penetrating 
presense of God. 


XH like, beginning the first of 
r^^ April, to continue my 
jL Jk, study three days a week 
at the Duke Medical Center. This 
would not interfere (at least it did not 
last summer) with my schedule of 
Sunday visitations or detract from at- 
tending meetings or fulfilling pastoral 
obligations and (unlike last summer) 
would give me at least two days a 
week in the Diocesan House to take 
care of the administrative affairs of 
my office. Beginning June 1, when 
things begin to slow down, I would 
like to be more regular at the Medical 
Center for ten weeks, again keeping 
Sunday appointments, and then to 
return fulltime in the fall to clear out 
twenty years-plus of correspondence 
that must be turned over to the ar- 
chives of the diocese, to attend my 
last General Convention, and to assist 
Bishop Estill with as many confirma- 
tions as I possibly can in order to 
make his load lighter. 

Bishop Estill will have ample oppor- 
tunity to observe the functions of a 
Diocesan Bishop. He is receiving good 
support from the Deans of Convoca- 
tions and continues to gain new in- 
sight into the life of the diocese 
through the study of the Committee 
on Structure and Organization. I will 
remain Diocesan until my termination 
on January 1, 1983, and will remain 
chairman of the Boards of our institu- 
tions as required by canons and legal 
agreements and will remain the re- 
sponsible fiscal officer of the diocese. 

down the mantle of the 
ministry. As far as I know, I 
enjoy good health and a rela- 
tively sound mind and hope to be 
called to some opportunity for service 
which I consider part of my steward- 
ship to God and to my fellowman. 

It is with profound appreciation and 
love that I say, "thank you!" 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 5 

By way of explanation 


One of the things The Communicant received for Christmas this 
year was a $512 increase in our monthly postage bill. The Post Of- 
fice informed us in January that new rate structures established in 
the struggle to cut non-defense items in 
the federal budget would mean sharp, 
unexpected increases in postal costs. 
And sure enough, the monthly postal 
bill for The Communicant jumped 
1 14% that month, to $960.42, from its 
December total of $448. Non-profit 
groups across the country are lobbying 
Congress for a rollback to the previous- 
ly-announced schedule of rate hikes. 
Meanwhile, The Communicant has 
been forced to cut back our publishing schedule in the face of the 
resulting budget crunch. Which explains why we are publishing 
two issues as one this month, the February/March Communicant 
which you now hold in your hands. CWB 







inn in't) 

ISSN *8i© 


A major threat to our life together 

The 166th Diocesan Convention adopted 
the following Diocesan Policy on Al- 
coholism and Other Drug Abuse at 

its meeting in Winston-Salem last month. 

We recognize alcoholism and other 
forms of drug abuse as a major threat 
to the fabric of our society. Because 
this problem has reached epidemic 
proportions and because it is recogniz- 
able, preventable and treatable, we 
see all manifestations of alcoholism 
and other drug abuse as interrelated 
and we acknowledge our responsibil- 
ity as Christians to implement mea- 
sures which will help to stem their 
three-fold impairment: body, mind 

and spirit. Because alcoholism im- 
pedes the spiritual health and because 
we believe the Church is a redemp- 
tive fellowship that must be sensitive 
to the need for exercising a healing 
ministry to the problem drinker, the 
substance abuser, and to members of 
their families and the community at 
large, this policy requires the atten- 
tion, concern and participation of us 

We understand alcoholism to be an ill- 
ness. We recognize it is not limited to 
any segment of society. As a result of 
alcoholism, the individual and the 
family experience dysfunction and a 




A life of service 

The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, Jr., 
bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina, leaves a record of dis- 
tinction as he turns his office over to 
the Rev. Robert W. Estill, bishop co- 
adjutor since 1979. Fraser has applied 
his energies, judgment and spiritual 
insights for 22 years on behalf of Epis- 
copalians in a 39-county area. 

Fraser' s oversight of a diocese that 
reached roughly from Charlotte to 
Tarboro has been conducted during 
often-turbulent times in society and 
the Episcopal Church. In keeping with 
his conviction that the church should 
be relevant to its times as well as its 
beliefs, he was not one to shy from 
controversial issues. But he also en- 
couraged honest and open debate 
among Episcopalians in resolving 
those issues. 

The years from 1965 to 1982 forced 
Episcopal church members to grapple 
with civil rights, the question of black 
separtism, Vietnam, school unrest, the 
ordination of women and revision of 
the Book of Common Prayer. Church 
membership and giving fluctuated 
during those controversies. But if the 
diocese experienced no explosive 
growth in the period (Fraser once 
joked that there weren't enough Epis- 
copalians to open the doors of all the 
Baptist churches in the state), he be- 
queaths to Estill a church that is 
whole and reaching out for greater 



See Us 

After the 1960s, Fraser advocated a 
deemphasis of the church's social ac- 
tivism. Instead, he stressed "living 
and loving" in the community, in- 
cluding work with the poor, the hun- 
gry and the ill. He also was among 
the church leaders who formed the 
Land Stewardship Council of North 
Carolina, which educates citizens in 
the spiritual and ethical principles of 
wise use of land. 

In sum, Fraser has been a good citizen 
and faithful leader of church boards 
and agencies since he left a parish 
ministry in Winston-Salem to move to 
Raleigh in 1960. Given his commit- 
ment in life, he no doubt will find 
other avenues of service to the church 
and community. 

This editorial appeared in the February 
1 1 issue of the Raleigh News and Obser- 
ver, and is reprinted with permission. 

deterioration of the capacity for signi- 
ficant relationships with others. This 
problem requires the efforts of us all. 

The clergy are uniquely related to the 
delivery of appropriate care to the 
specific needs of those who are affect- 
ed. All the other helping professionals 
operate under the ethic that the sick 
must come to them and ask for aid. 
Contrariwise, by the divine command 
implicit in ordination, the clergy are 
sent to search out the sick and the 
needy to minister to them. This basic 
difference in professional stance is sig- 
nificant because the nature of the dis- 
ease of alcoholism is such that those 
who are its victims are incapable of 
recognizing the severity of their symp- 
toms spontaneously. Clergy and par- 
ishes are therefore strongly encour- 
aged to implement the following 
guidelines and suggested procedures 
in fulfilling the pastoral ministry 
which belongs to each Christian in the 

1 Because home is the center of so 
much that is taught about the 
Christian life style, every household 
in the Diocese of N.C. is encouraged 
to establish appropriate, positive and 
well-informed standards for alcohol 

2 Every parish church and dio- 
cesan institution in the Diocese 
of N.C. is requested to have stated 
policies relating to the use of alcohol- 
ic beverages on their properties and 
at their functions. 

3 There shall be continuing educa- 
tional programs on all levels of 
parish and diocesan life, expecially in 
children's, adolescent and adult edu- 
cation ministries. These programs 
should emphasize appropriate and in- 

appropriate use of alcohol and drugs 
and should include basic information 
about recognition, intervention and 
treatment of those individuals and 
families affected by the problem. 

4 The Diocese shall establish an 
employees and families may re- 
ceive appropriate intervention and as- 
stance. Diocesan, clergy, and parish 
employees should be assured of ade- 
quate treatment insurance coverage in 
contending with the disease of alco- ^ 
holism. Job security shall not be jeop- 
ardized as a result of acknowledge- 
ment and treatment of the illness. 

5 Training in the prevention, recog- 
nition and treatment of alcohol- 
ism as spiritual, physical, emotional 
and social illness shall be available for 
active clergy and candidates for Holy 
Orders in the Diocese of North Caro- 

6 Episcopal related schools and in- 
stitutions of the Diocese of N.C. 
shall regularly review their curricu- 
um as it relates to: (l)the responsible 
use of alcohol; and (2) the dangers and 
effects of alcohol and other drugs. 

7 We acknowledge alcoholism to 
be an illness affecting the individ- 
ual, the family and society. We affirm 
the appropriateness of early interven- 
tion. It is necessary that there be a 
strong, firm, consistent and loving 
confrontation of the affected persons 
regarding the reality of their situation. 
This is done in concert with a variety 
of people: clergy, counselors, physi- 
cians, spouse, family members, em- 
ployers, friends and peers. We ac- 
knowledge the value of intervention 
and the danger of the "silent conspir- 
acy" of pastorally avoiding the prob- 

8 It is recognized that the success- 
fully recovering alcoholic does 
not drink any alcoholic beverages. We 
should be sensitive to this fact. 

9 In approaching the treatment of 
alcoholism, all resources should 
be considered to facilitate healing. The 
Episcopal Church and the Diocese of 
North Carolina shall lend every sup- 
port to these ministries. 

1 fY^ ne Commission on Alcohol- 
AV/ism in the Diocese of North 
Carolina shall exist to insure the im- 
plementation of this policy and its re- 
lated programs. 

Page 6— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 


Mother's milk, land use & abortion 

On mother's milk and the 
needs of newborn children 

Dear Editor: 

Having been born some 78 years ago 
and brought up an Episcopalian and 
and whose wife is a pediatrician, I'm 
interested in a wide variety of matters 
that world wide newspaper reporting 
and financial publication publishing 
have led me to. Somehow my atten- 
tion was drawn to the letter Dr. How- 
ard P. Steiger wrote for your Septem- 
ber issue. It must be pointed out that 
though Nestle Corporation is an A- 
merican company, it is a subsidiary of 
a Swiss company called Nestle Enter- 
prises. The fact remains, however, 
that it does push its infant formula 
where it may cause serious harm to 
the babies of poor and illiterate peo- 
ple. Yes, it theoretically is a simple 
matter to teach these people to boil 
water but it is not a simple matter to 
impress on them the equally great 
need to sterilize the bottle and the 
nipple. I suspect Dr. Steiger is not 
familiar with the Indians of South 
America's Altiplano or any of the bar- 
raos in its cities or with— say, the 
slums of Calcutta, Bnares or Cape- 
town. I've seen these and many other 
slums. Yes, it's not difficult to teach 
women to boil water, and I am not 
familiar with the distribution of the 
formula. I've been told that local nur- 
ses who know the local patois explain 
things to the mothers in the hospitals 
where the children are born, but how 
many women have their children in a 
hospital? How many at home? Or in 
the fields or wherever, yet one way 
or another, by friends or others are 
sold on the formula? The fact re- 
mains, I am told, that mother's milk 
is superior to the formula milk. I con- 
fess I'm not familiar with the detailed 
mortality figures for infants. But in an 
era when there seems to be more in- 
terest in keeping a foetus alive than 
in keeping a new-born or youngster a- 
live, we are in a bad way. 

Eliot H. Sharp 
Brooklyn, NY 

Reader asks Communicant 
to run letters from bishops 

Dear Editor: 

How about some monthly letters 
from our Bishops? I would like 
to know their thoughts and feel- 
ings in the coming year. What 
better way for the Bishops to 
communicate with us laity 
en masse. 

Louise Davies 
Raleigh, N.C. 

Wants newspaper earlier 
while the news is still news 

Dear Editor: 

Thought you would be interested 
in learning that the January is- 
sue of The Communicant was re- 
ceived this morning, February 4. 

Could you advance your mailing date 
so that the paper would be received 
while it is still news? 

The Rev. Carroll B. Hall 
Weldon, N.C. 


Thanks for excellent article 
on important land use issue 

Dear Editor: 

I read with great interest the article 
on land use in your October issue. It 
is indeed a pressing and important 

May I take this opportunity to com- 
mend you on an excellent article and 
to remind your readers of a resource 
that they may find useful— Let the 
Earth Bless the Lord, a study guide to 
land use published earlier this year by 
the Seabury Press. It is designed for 
parish use and may be a good way to 
begin to deal with this complex issue. 


David E. Crean, Ph.D. 

Staff Officer for Hunger 

Episcopal Church Center 

New York, N.Y. 

Sisters extend invitation 

Dear Editor: 

I am asking for your help. Would you 
kindly put the dates of our March 
and April offerings here at St. Luke's 
House in The Communicant? 

The March weekend is open to all, 
but has been planned especially for 
Associates of Religious Orders. It will 
be a retreat conducted by Sister Paula 
Irene, C.T., from Glendale, Ohio and 
will be held March 26-28 at St. Luke's 
House here in Lincolnton, N.C. 

The April event is our annual meeting 
with a Bishop. This year the Rt. Rev. 
William A. Beckham, Bishop of the 
Diocese of Upper South Carolina, will 
conduct us in a meditation on "The 
Road to Emmaus" from 10 a. m to 
3. p.m., April 17, also at St. Luke's 

Please make reservations ahead of 
time so that we may plan for meals. 
And please come and visit us. Our 
house is small but our love is great. 

Prayerfully in Christ, 

Sister Mary Grace, C.T. 

Sisters of the Transfiguration 

St. Luke's House 

322 East McBeet St. 

Lincolnton, N.C. 28092 


Clarification noted for 
hunger awareness article 

Dear Editor: 

I would like to make one clarification 
regarding the article "Hunger aware- 
ness in Greensboro" which appeared 
in the January, 1982 issue of this 

Two activities related to hunger 

awareness— Urban Hearings and a 
Hunger Tour of Greensboro— were 
mistakenly attributed solely to St. 
Francis Episcopal Church. 

In fact, these two activities are being 
planned by the Ecumenical Urban 
Coalition, a group of churches brought 
together by the Episcopal Urban Task- 
force of the Diocese of North Caroli- 
na. Every Episcopal Church here in 
Greensboro is actively involved in 
this undertaking. Perhaps you would 
consider doing a follow-up article on 
the Coalition to highlight its important 


The Rev. John W. Westcott, III 

Greensboro, N.C. 

Greensboro reader opposes 
proposed anti-abortion law 

Dear Editor: 

The following letter has been sent to 
Senators Jesse Helms, John East, and 
Strom Thurmond, Chairman Judiciary 
Committee, with a copy forwarded to 
Sixth District Representative, Eugene 
Johnston. I am sending it to The Com- 
municant for two reasons: (1) The 
January 1 1 Newsweek article men- 
tioned is so thought-provoking and in- 
telligently written that I would like to 
bring it to the attention of Communi- 
cant readers; (2) I have been told re- 
peatedly by Congressional staff that 
letters do make a difference on the 
national, state and local levels. There- 
fore, readers, let them know what 
you think. 


Sally S. Cone 

Greensboro, N.C. 

Dear Senator Helms: 

Instead of expending so much energy 
and emotion on the question of when 
human life begins, perhaps the Senate 
should ponder the implications of re- 
cent scientific studies into the vast 
subject of how life begins. 

A recent cover story of Newsweek— 
How Life Begins: Biology's New Fron- 
tier— describes, in vivid similies and 
terms we can all understand, the 
newest frontier of biology, embryolo- 
gy. In this article, several ideas, 


wen put* comes 


which bear quoting, are explicitly sta- 

( 1 ) Embryologists have found answers 
to some of the hardest questions of 
development, but it sometimes seems 
as if every answer raises another 
question. Even with the answers to 
how, the mysteries of why remain be- 
yond present knowledge. 

(2) "Science is catching a glimpse of 
the process that makes a sea urchin— 
and a human. But that learning still 
has a long way to go..." 

What does this have to do with the 
question of when human life begins? 
Everything. "A fertilized human egg 
is unquestionably alive... but is it a 
person?" Although many experiments 
were described in this article concern- 
ing how life begins, "there are no ex- 
periments in progress aimed at deter- 
mining how many cells constitute a 
human being." The question is "one 
for philosophers, not scientists." 
However, ever since human ideas 
were recorded, philosophers, theolo- 
gians and physicians have been una- 
ble to agree on that one undeniable 

To outlaw abortion, by whatever 
means may be attempted by the Sen- 
ate within the next few weeks, will 
not make abortion and its related is- 
sues raised by the pro-life groups dis- 
appear. They will simply be shoved 
underground, where they will multi- 
ply and fester faster than any rational 
and compassionate person wishes to 
contemplate. Is this pro-life? 

I believe that the Senate should refuse 
to involve itself in a moral issue that 
symbolizes the epitome of privacy 
and personal individual choice. "Even 
many doctors who believe that abor- 
tions are justified will concede that 
life begins as fertilization, and that 
the fetus becomes human at any point 
the anti-abortion groups care to speci- 
fy; the problem is not determining 
when 'actual human life' begins, but 
when the value of that life begins to 
outweigh other considerations, such 
as the health, or even the happiness, 
of the mother. And on that question, 
science is silent. 

Perhaps you, Senator Helms, should 
pause and ponder the implications of 
that silence. 

Sally S. Cone 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 7 




El Salvador is the most densely populated country in Central America— 5 
million people crowded into an area roughly the size of Massachusetts, 
and burdened by the highest rate of malnutrition in the region. 

Sixty percent of the land is owned by less than 2 percent of the 
people— the so-called "fourteen families", whose vast holdings support 
luxurious lifestyles which contrast dramatically with the poverty endured 
by the peasants. 

The civil war now raging in this tiny nation is but the latest chapter in 
its tragic history of poverty, extreme social inequality and repressive 
government. The U.S. is backing the Duarte government, with approx- 
imately $150 million in foreign aid, much of it in military supplies, and 

the Reagan administration has requested dramatic increases in that 
amount. At present, some 1,000 Salvadoran soldiers are now being traf 101 
ed by American military personel at Fort Bragg in eastern North 

lurch in ( 

■ | jjvador an 

At last month's Diocesan Convention, the Rev. Henry Atkins pleaded (mote to 
with the delegates to "become sensitized to the plight of the people of 
Salvador." In response to that plea, The Communicant has 
assembled reports from three Episcopal priests whose work has mvolvLtccm 
them intimately in the life of that region. We invite our readers to sha [tor \ 
their responses to these voices from El Salvador in the pages of upcon 
ing issues. 



Their imt fldlu-Owss 

While most Episcopalians in North 
Carolina were busy with Christmas car- 
ols, candlelight services and other holi- 
day festivities on Christmas Eve, the 
Rev. Henry Atkins drifted off to sleep in 
a tent with the sound of machine gun 
fire in the distance. 

Atkins, the Episcopal Chaplain on the 
Greensboro campus of the University of 
North Carolina, spent Christmas week in 
the refugee camp in La Virtud, a tiny 
town in the Central American country of 
Honduras, just across the border from El 

He went there at the request of the Na- 
tional Council of Churches to help pro- 
tect Salvadoran refugees from further vi- 
olence by Salvadoran and Honduran sol- 

The appearance of outside observers 
has, according to eyewitness reports, 
helped frustrate kidnappings and at- 
tempts at murder and torture by both 
the Salvadoran military and the right- 
wing death squads, who fear the threat 
of international exposure and bad publi- 

Atkins was asked to go to La Virtud by 
the Rev. William Wipfler, who heads 
the Council's Office of Human Rights. 
Wipfler knew of Atkins work as a mis- 
sionary priest in Costa Rica and the 
Dominican Republic, and relied on his 
fluency in Spanish and his prior experi- 
ence ministering to the poor to help 
meet the needs of the refugees. 

After pastorates in Indiana, New York 
and Washington, DC, Atkins returned 
to his home state three years ago to take 
on the challenges of a university chap- 
laincy. Comfortably settled in Green- 
sboro , he has no desire to give up his 
work at St. Mary's House there, which 
he describes as"one of the most challen- 
ging missions the church has to offer." 

Still, the call was a powerful one, and 

after deliberation with his family and 
the people at St. Mary's House in 
Greensboro, he made the decision to go. 

"It wasn't easy on the family to give up 
our Christmas together," Atkins admits. 
"But when the Church asks you to stand 
with the poor in the midst of their dis- 
tress and suffering, I don't see that the 
Christian really has much of a choice." 

Atkins discovered almost immediately 
that the Council's concern for the refu- 
gees' security was well-founded. The 
day he arrived in La Virtud, uniformed 
Salvadoran troops invaded the camp and 
killed a man, leaving his body to be 
found later that afternoon. And through- 
out his stay, more soldiers as well as 
members of ORDEN, a right-wing para- 
military organization, made frequent 
trips across the border and into the 

Atkins returned to Greensboro in early 
January with a deepened appreciation 
for the power of faith and its ability to 
provide hope in the midst of terrible suf- 

"The first thing I noticed about the 
camp was that the people there had all 
seen and experienced incredible kinds of 
suffering. Everyone of them had seen re- 
latives or friends shot, raped, tortured 
and murdered. People walked into the 
camp every day suffering terrible pain 
with part of their face shot off, and they 
would simply come up and in the sim- 
ple trusting way in which Latin Ameri- 
cans talk to priests, begin telling me 
their story." 

One woman I talked with told me about 
watching Salvadoran soldiers stop her 
pregnant daughter for questioning, 'After 
they accused her of being part of the op- 
position,' she told me, 'they split her 
stomach open, ripped out the fetus and 
fed it to the pigs.'" 

"Yet what really struck me the most 
was that these same people who had 
come out of such terrible, unimaginable 
suffering, who knew what it was to be 
tortured, also knew that their experience 
was not alien to Jesus." 

They spoke of the suffering of their own 
lives as their time on the cross, and they 
expressed their confidence time and 
again that on the other side lay new life, 
and that God was with them in their 
pain," Atkins remembers. 

"During the Christmas week, they talk- 
ed of giving birth to children in barns 
and caves the way Mary had had to give 
birth to Jesus. They talked of how Mary 
and Joseph had to flee into Egypt be- 
cause King Herrod wanted to kill Jesus. 
And they stated again and again that if 
anyone understood their situation, Jesus 

"They also spoke of hope of coming out 
of Egypt, of moving beyond the cross of 
suffering into new life. In the face of 
death, they were filled with hope, an 
incurable, indomitable hope which im- 

lii chili 


pressed me more than anything else 
saw on my journey." 

"Although they live in the presence 
death, these people are able to hope 
_go on because of their faith that Go 
in their words 'going to bring them 
of Egypt.' They believe that with al 
their hearts." 

"Remember," Atkins says; "These j 
pie have for all practical purposes b 
enslaved since 1932, yet they believ 
that God does not will this, and the 
willing to endure an awesome amov 
of suffering for that belief." 

While not politically sophisticated, 1 
refugees view the present U.S.-sup-flleCriurd 
ported junta headed by Jose Napole as 
Duarte as the principle source of th 
suffering, and hope the present consul charity 
will rid them of that burden, Atkins; ertner wit 

As for their attitude toward the Uni 
States, the refugees have mixed feel I low fee 
Atkins discovered. 

"On the one hand, the peasants spei ^ eo 
with great affection for the people o 
United States. Yet they cannot unde 
stand our government's support for 


' ' 'The president of your country, ' on 
refugee asked me; 'Does he believe 

"I asked him what he meant and ht 
replied, 'People who believe in God 
struggle for justice and liberty and i 
tify themselves with the poor. Your 
president gives aid and guns to the 
sent government which uses them t 
and torture us and our families. Pec 
who believe in God wouldn't do th; 


"And when they realized I was gett 
ready to return to the U.S., the pea: 
told me that my task was to go hon 
and talk to the President and my p< %Q 
about God." 

tatus quo. 

J actors. 

b begin v 

P^t tlie s 

* the; 

That ^ 

Page 8— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 

f Judy Lane ^tm^^ subjugation and secure their human pression and injustice whenever they tor in their unrest. They learnec 

HARLOTTE-The Rt. Rev. G. Edward 
aynsworth is a moderate. As Bishop-in- 
harge of the Diocese of El Salvador for 
e past 12 years, Haynsworth has seen 
e extremes of both Right and Left in 
e struggle for control of this Central 
merican country. He is convinced that 
Miviolent reconciliation is the only ac- 
ptable answer. 

Ithough the headlines in the morning 
iper threaten to drown out the voices 
moderation, Haynsworth speaks with 
ie quiet authority of one who under- 
ands El Salvador's problems and cares 
jj jout its fate. 

Then the Bishop visited St. John's 
hurch in Charlotte one wintery Sunday 
st month, the small country of El 
ilvador and its problems seemed quite 
mote from this peaceful, suburban 
>ngregation. Yet his story left 
jrishioners convinced that all Chris- 
ans, and all United States citizens, 
1 lust concern themselves with the fate 
jjvi i these people, Christian neighbors now 
niggling to rid themselves of feudal 





subjugation and secure their human 

Haynsworth was -last in El Salvador in 
August for a Diocesan Convention. Now 
Partnership Officer for Latin America on 
the World Mission staff of the Episcopal 
Church in New York, he expects to con- 
tinue as Salvadoran Bishop-in-Charge 
until a native Salvadoran is elected 
Bishop later this year. 

The war is being fought for the Salva- 
doran peasantry, but its impact on the 
peasants themselves is the best argu- 
ment H a Y n sworth knows against vio- 
lence in any form. 

"The Leftists move into a village at 
times and take it over. Then the villages 
that don't cooperate are in danger. If 
they do cooperate and the government 
finally gets the Leftists out, then the 
villages who have cooperated are in 
danger. So they're caught one way or 

He sees a strong though non-political 
role for the Church: "We must support 
human rights and speak out against op- 

r a U.S. children wait for the school bus; Salvadoran children wait for peace 

pression and injustice whenever they 
come— and they come from both sides." 
And the Church must minister to vic- 
tims of the war, refugees and displaced 

Many war refugees have entered the 
United States illegally but have been 
sent back to El Salvador when 
discovered. Haynsworth believes that 
the United States government should 
grant asylum to these people, because 
they face an uncertain fate when sent 

With regard to U.S. military aid to El 
Salvador, Haynsworth cites a resolution 
adopted first by the Salvadoran Diocesan 
Council and later by the Executive 
Council of the Episcopal Church. 

"We're in favor of stopping the flow of 
arms from all sources and that definitely 
means that if we're going to make sure 
the United States government doesn't 
supply any more arms, we also must 
make sure the Leftists don't receive any 
more arms." 

Although he feels that the Church must 
remain nonpolitical, Haynsworth wishes 
that it had taken a positive stand years 
ago when the unrest was beginning. 

"If I had to point out one serious failure 
of the Church, I would say it was the 
failure to help committed groups find 
ways to bring about social change with- 
out violence." 

And social change was inevitable. When 
Haynsworth lived in El Salvador 20 
years ago, it was a peaceful country in 
which the ruling class built attractive 
homes and cities and owned the land 
worked by a poor but well-controlled 

Haynsworth credits the peasants' ac- 
quisition of transistor radios as one fac- 

tor in their unrest. They learned that life 
need not be all poverty and pain, while 
at the same time university students 
were acquiring the tools for social 
change, and a middle class was growing 
up outside the powerful oligarchy. 

The pressure for change grew. But the 
Church as an organization remained 
silent and did not support nonviolent 

At least one of the four Leftist groups 
now committed to violence began as a 
Roman Catholic social action group that 
first attempted to effect non-violent 
change and then became convinced that 
violence was the onry means to their 
ends, according to Haynsworth. 

"I think the churches had not faced the 
basic issues seriously enough to give the 
kind of encouragement that groups like 
that needed." 

"A great deal of the Leftist leadership 
comes from young university students," 
the Bishop says. "Here are people who 
are well-motivated and deeply com- 
mitted, and who could be convinced of 
what we would like to call the Christian 
way rather than the violent way. But 
somehow that's never been presented to 

Since speaking in Charlotte, Bishop 
Haynsworth has returned to El Salvador 
to care for his church in that troubled 
land. Meanwhile, the fighting continues, 
chances for a negotiated settlement 
diminish and the violence increases. 

As time runs out, and casulties mount, 
who will be left to present the Christian 
way? Perhaps the woman, portrayed in 
recent newspaper articles, who hid in a 
tree in her village while government 
soldiers below killed her husband and 
four small children. 

xn &mM ihik 1Mb 

. y William Wipfler 

he Church's role in Central America 
Ie as really changed from the days when 

used to preach patience to the poor 

onljnd charity to the rich as a very reliable 

kiniartner with the military and the power- 

al oligarchy in the preservation of the 

itatus quo. 

el low the Church is trying to maintain 
ofh a pastoral presence and a coura- 
ourageous witness against injustice, 
hat shift has come about as a result of 
oth internal developments and external 

'o begin with there was a large influx of 
lergy who have been trained in Europe, 
he United States, Canada, who viewed 
uthority in a different way than the tra- 
litional clergy there viewed it. They 
hoecame involved in programs to im- 
prove the situation of the people with 
idivhom they worked. And, they were liv- 
ng in conditions which for the first time 
be )rought the Church into direct contact 
m I vith the people who were the victims of 
Pel he social injustices of Central America. 

fhat was part of it— direct contact with 
4 he people.There was also a great deal of 
vaMctivity in the '50s and '60s with the 
ounger middle class who went out for 
he first time— Latin Americans, Central 
mericans— who went out for the first 

time to be in rural areas and saw the sit- 
uation in their own countries. They be- 
came the new thinkers who ultimately 
created a lot of the instability because 
they saw for the first time what the 
reality of their own nation was and they 
saw it was under the aegis of the 
Church. They did it as part of Catholic 
action and that has altered the situation. 

What has occurred is that people finally 
awakened to the fact that they had some- 
something to say about their own fu- 
tures and that the structures of the so- 
ciety in which they live weren't fixed by 
God. That was one of the things intro- 
duced by the Church. 

Previously, it had contributed to a great 
deal of fatalism. People had been led to 
believe that where they were- born was 
where God meant them to be and that 
society was structured by God from the 
rich to the poor, from the powerful to 
the weak. 

With this change, this break with tradi- 
tional acceptance of the hierarchy and 
the structured society, people began to 
say, "Why am I poor and why is some- 
body else rich? Maybe it's arranged that 
way for the benefit of those who have 

Now that was not something that had to 
be introduced from outside. It is some- 

thing that people realized themselves 
once the Church stopped telling them 
constantly to stay in their place. 

The great powers tend to look at a re- 
gion in terms of their own political agen- 
da and not in terms of what is actually 
happening there. The tension of Central 
America is a tension that runs through- 
out the region. The terrible economic 
situations confronting most of those 
countries are tragic. 

But we in the U.S. tend to see only 
military solutions. Instead of assisting as 
readily in the area of development and 
possibly economic assistance, we see 
military assistance as the solution to 
many of the problems. And that only 
makes things even worse by adding to 
the power of what has been a major 
force in the life of those countries for 
the last century. 

One of the problems we are faced with 
in the United States is that we don't 
know how horrifying life there really is. 
The reports of atrocities we hear only 
come in bits and pieces, while the peo- 
ple of countries like El Salvador or 
Guatemala must live with them every 

At the present time in El Salvador, most 
of the atrocities are the work of the na- 

tional police and the military; that is 
something that we in the U.S. just refuse 
to understand or accept. 

The labels we give the opposition do not 
fit what many Salvadorans see occuring 
at the present time. And they are the 
ones who must walk around the bodies 
in the streets when they go to work 
every morning. They see the results of 
the National Guard's grisely work the 
night before. 

We must pay much closer attention to 
the streams of refugees who, having 
risked their lives to escape from that sit- 
uation, are now being detained in the 
United States and deported back to El 
Salvador, many of them arbitrarily with- 
out trial, without due process. 

These are people who believe what it 
says on the Statue of Liberty. They come 
here in terror for their lives, carrying the 
message of what is really happening 
there. But we won't allow ourselves to 
hear them because they carry such a 
heavy truth. 

The Rev. William W. Wipfler is an Epis- 
copal priest and the director of the Office of 
Human Rights of the National Council of 
Churches. His article is adapted from an 
interview originally broadcast over WUNC- 
FM, in Chapel Hill in December. 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 9 


Henry Atkins, the bearded fellow 
in the picture at the top of this 
page, brought back these photos 
from his Christmas visit to the 
camp for Salvadoran refugees in 
La Virtud, Honduras. 

Some 3,000 Salvadorans now 
live in this camp, part of the 
more than 20,000 children, old 
people and women who have 
sought refuge in this area from 
the reign of politically-moti- 
vated violence which has claimed 
the lives of more than 30,000 
civilians in the three years since 
the Duarte regime came to power, 
according to estimates of the 
United Nations. 

Page 10— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 

Estill says church exists to give 

By The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Therefore, having this ministry by the 
mercy of God, we do not lose heart. (2 
Cor. 4:1). 


when it is easy to lose 
heart. If the scriptures are 
clear about anything, it is 
_J that Christians have a respon- 
sibility to seek justice on earth. You 
and I affirm .this each time we attend 
a baptism or a confirmation. We 
renew our baptismal covenant. In 
answer to the question: "Will you 
strive for justice and peace among all 
people, and respect the dignity of 
every human being?", we answer: "I 
will, with God's help". 

A great part of life as Christians is 
spent trying to find ways and means 
of living up to that covenant. Not just 
in order to do good, but in response 
to that One who gave His life for us. 
The One who gave dignity to our life. 
The One whose "Peace passes this 
world's understanding", and who re- 
quires of us "to do justice, and to 
love kindness, and to walk humbly 
with our God." (Micah 6:8b). John 
Robinson once said, "Involvement in 
institutional religion is a Christian 
vocation". How are we, as members 
of an institutional religion, to do 
justice, love kindness and walk hum- 
bly with our God? How are we to 
face the great issues of life today? 
Such issues as food and energy and 
peaceful coexistence? We reflected on 
those things at the last meeting of the 
House of Bishops and I hope you 
heard the Pastoral Letter which came 
from that meeting. Indeed, I hope 
you are using it to guide and stimu- 
late your own thinking in your con- 
gregations. How can we boil these 
worldwide issues down into terms we 
can understand and address in our 
own communities? How can we, who 
may at this meeting, pass all sorts of 
global resolutions, strive for justice 
and peace among the people in our 
own homes and neighborhoods? 


of the 20th Century that 
survival no longer rests in 
the hands of any one na- 
tion. We know that we 

have been thrown into an inter- 
dependence with all people as well as 
with our environment. How are we 
to take steps to recognize that interde- 
pendence where we are? How can we 
who are so well fed and who have 
been given so much, share what we 
have with others? How can we reach 
out to human need where we live? 
These are questions which must, I 
believe, be in the forefront of the 
planning and strategy and life of ever- 
y church in this diocese. Certainly it 
is appropriate for us to address our- 
selves at this Convention to the issues 
which are worldwide, but we must 
also address those issues where we 
can and where we have influence and 
some chance to do something. 4 be- 
lieve Lex Mathews and those who 
work with him are on the right track 
in the many things they are stimu- 
lating others to do. I hope every con- 
gregation will look at its own commu- 
nity and see what can be done. 
William Bradford wrote in 1647 [Of 
Plymouth Plantation).. 
Thus out of small beginnings greater 
things have been produced by His hand 
that made all things of nothing, and 
gives being to all things that are; and as 

one small candle may light a thousand, 
so the light here kindled hath shone unto 
many, yea in some sort to our whole na- 
tion. " 

As I have gone around the diocese in 
these first two years of my episco- 
pate, I have tried to emphasize the 
importance of the Church. I have said 
that the Church, any Church, exists to 
be a place where we can come in to 
receive, and then go out to give. Jesus 
Christ is Lord of the Church, and 
through the power of His Holy Spirit 
we meet Him when we gather in His 
name, when we hear and read His 
Holy Word and when we partake of 
His Sacrament. There is no Church 
too small to be a place where that can 
happen. "For where two or three are 
gathered in my name", Jesus promis- 
ed, "there am I in the midst of 
them". (Matt. 18:20). So too, He who 
is the Word made Flesh, comes to us 
and is Present, really Present in His 
Word, just as He is in His Sacrament. 
And then, He meets us and we meet 
Him and minister to Him, when we 
go out of the Church into His world 
and find Him in the life and in the 
needs of others. Jesus said, "Truly, I 
say to you as you did it to one of the 
least of these my brethern, you did it 
to me". (Matt. 25:40). That is what 
the Church is. A place in which to 
receive the Lord of life at His Altar 
and a place from which to go and 
discover Him on all the many altars 
of our daily life. While I applaud and 
support those who can make their 
voices heard on the geat world issues, 
most of us are called to witness on a 
smaller scale. In that, we use all the 
gifts and talents He has given us to do 
His work. In my opinion, that kind of 
Christian service beats the tar out of 
any sweeping resolutions we may 
pass trying to get the attention of 
world leaders or national govern- 

Now let me turn to some areas in our 
diocese where I have been given the 

My principle responsibility still has to 
do with the churches under 300. I 
have, again, visited every church Li 
my jurisdiction except in the situa- 
tions where two or more congrega- 
tions come together for a visitation. I 
have met with many of the Vestries 
and Mission Committees, and thanks 
to the leadership of John Kennedy of 
Hillsborough, I had a special meeting 
with a number of Senior Wardens, in 
which meeting we discussed the work 
of the Senior Warden. We hope to 
make this an annual occasion. 


and Congregational 
weekends, and many of 
my weekends are booked. 
These run from Friday 
evening through Saturday afternoon 
and continue to be a valuable way for 
me to get to know people and to plan 
together. Thanks to my last year's 
"commercial" a number of the chur- 
ches over 300 have made opportuni- 
ties for me to visit and to take part in 
special workshops, retreats, parish 
missions and the like. Again, I wel- 
come those opportunities. 

Many of the small churches have not 
had visits from a diocesan bishop in 
the last 6 years, and now that I am 
returning to some of them for a third 

time, I am beginning to know them 
and they me. This transition period 
has made that possible, and I am glad 
for it. It has also allowed me to 
"come on board" with our several In- 
stitutions and to get to know them. I 
have attended all of those Board 
Meetings since the Bishop extended 
my jurisdiction to include that last 


basis with our College and 
University Chaplains and 
have the responsibility, 
with their advice and 
counsel, for filling vacancies such as 
our present one at N.C. State. These 
Chaplains are among our best mis- 
sionaries. We have full-time 
Chaplains at St. Augustine's, St. 
Mary's, State, Chapel Hill, UNC- 
Greensboro, and Duke. Peter Keese 
continues his fine work at Duke 
University Hospital and Robert 
Hamilton at Moses Cone in Greens- 
boro. Terry Taylor has started his 
ministry at the Penick Home and 
Robin Johnson is a part-time Chaplain 
at the Thompson Home. Barry Kra- 
mer's title is "Missioner to the Deaf" 
and as such he is also under my 
jurisdiction. That field is one of our 
greatest missionary opportunities and 
I commend Barry and his fine work 
in many of the congregations in our 
diocese. He has developed a number 
of fine Lay Readers who can sign the 
services and we should be very 
grateful to them for this ministry. 

I have served on the Special Steward- 
ship Committee, appointed at last 
year's Convention, and I endorse 
their report. Indeed, I believe we 
need to revitalize our Stewardship ef- 
fort in all of our churches. Of course 
the economy is uncertain and each of 
us is affected. Still, there is something 
wrong when a Church such as ours, 
made up of people who enjoy the 
largest per-capita income of any 
denomination, are, as a denomination 
far down (nearly at the bottom) of 
those denominations in per-capita giv- 
ing to our churches. Something is 
wrong when we can spend long 
weekends in the mountains and long- 
er days at the beach, own two cars 
and television sets, subscribe to the 
latest diet programs for overweight, 
—and still complain about the ex- 
cesses of aid for the poor. I do not 
necessarily begrudge those who have 
these opportunities, but we need to 
look at that very closely from the 
standpoint of the biblical injunction 
that "to whom much has been given, 
much will be required". We need to 
pick up some of the human services 
that are no longer available from the 
government. There are already some 
exciting examples of this in our 
diocese, and I hope every congrega- 
tion will ask itself what the areas of 
need are in its own location and try 
to do something about it. Christ 
Church, Charlotte has just taken a 
dramatic step in this direction and I 
commend them for it. 

Another area of responsibility that is 
mine has to do with those considering 
the Ordained Ministry. We have a 
number of Aspirants and I think they 
are fine women and men. The facts 
do not bear out the fear that the Epis- 
copal Chruch is ordaining people in 
tremendous numbers. Ten years ago 
there were 321 persons ordained 

The Rt. Rev. Robert Whitridge Estill 

deacons nationally. In 1980 there 
were 379 and many of those were or- 
dained to the Permanent Diaconate, 
still that is only and increase of 58. 
311 were ordained priest, and in 
1980, 314; only 3 more. And those 
figures do not take into account the 
number of clergy who have retired or 
died in those same periods of time. In 
my opinion we need better methods 
of deployment, not quotas. How can 
you set limits on God's call? Amos 
might not have made it, or St. Paul! 


ed person resident in every 
church and community. 
This requires that we look 
at alternate forms of or- 
dained ministry, like Permanent 
Deacons, Cluster Ministries, Non- 
Stipendiary Priests, Sacramentalists, 
and the use of Retired and Part-time 
Clergy, to name the major avenues. I 
am eager to open all of the canonical 
avenues to those who feel called and 
are judged to be called by our pro- 
cess. I am also going to recommend 
to the Commission on Ministry that 
our Aspirants spend an Intern year 
similar to that used in the Diocese of 
Atlanta. Marian Smallagen, Scott Ev- 
ans, Joel Keys and I were at the 
Provincial meeting and were in- 
terested in that program. I hope we 
can modify it and use it here. Of 
course some things like the Perma- 
nent Diaconate will, as Bishop Fraser 
sometimes reminds me ... "have to 
wait until I am the Diocesan". In the 
meantime, I want to say that I am 
working on it with the Commission 
on Ministry and will have it ready to 
go. I have checked our processes and 
our numbers of Aspirants with Bish- 
ops in comparable dioceses, and I be- 
lieve we are on the right track. 

The State of the Church has made a 
very thoughtful and thorough study 
and report to this Convention. I take 
issue with their report on one point. 
They seem to indicate that because 

Continued on page 12. 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 11 

'Small churches are a treasure' 

Continued from page 1 1 

the small churches have not kept up 
with the larger churches in growth, 
that they ought somehow to be repre- 
sented by less than proportionate 
representation. They point out that 
the larger churches give more too. I 
do not want to get into a position 
where the large churches and small 
churches are in an adversary role 
with one another. Still, I want to 
make it clear that at least in my opi- 
nion, growth in numbers is not al- 
ways a measure of a church's vitality 
or even the success of its mission. I 
have described what I think to be the 
mission of the Church at the begin- 
ning of this address. I am far more in- 
terested in the growth of people than 
I am in the growth of Churches. I 
think it needs to be said in a time 
when bigness is almost a rule of 
thumb, that we need a better brand 
of us, not just more of us. 

In many cases our Small Churches 
are growing in numbers. In some 
they are merely holding their own as 
population shifts take place and as 
people move from one place to an- 
other. But times change. Already 
there is a move out of the cities and 
back into the rural areas. Demands 
change too. It seems strange to me 
that we pay, when we can, to send 
our children to small schools where 
they can get individual attention and 
care, and then bewail the fact that we 
only have a few children in Sunday 
School or that some of our classes are 
practically tutorials with one teacher 
and one student. What a treasure we 

What a need there is for extended 
families and intimate relationships 
with others. People in small churches 

can know one another and they can 
know the needs of their communities 
and the ways to answer those needs 
too. I am not the Diocesan, yet. But I 
do have the jurisdiction of the chur- 
ches under 300, and I have a high 
commitment to keep them open and 
to see that they have a share in the 
diocese and in its life no matter what 
their size. Indeed, I am committed to 
the opening and formation of new 
congregations. I think that is where 
growth is a viable standard. It is sad 
that we have only opened two chur- 
ches in the past ten years, one of 
them in the last year, while closing a 
large number in that same time span. 

We have a liberating Gospel to 
preach to people in this part of the 
country. A Gospel based on scripture, 
reason and tradition. A Gospel that 
sets men and women free and opens 
their lives to the saving grace of God, 
rather than closing their minds and 
hearts in narrow, literalistic and 
dogmatic positions. We need to 
spread and to preach that Gospel. Not 
only must we do this in new chur- 
ches and congregations, but in our ex- 
isting ones as well. Especially is this 
so on the campuses of the colleges 
and universities across our diocese. 

James Adams, a priest in Washington 
says, " it is possible that conservative 
churches are growing not because of 
conservatism but because of clarity". 
Years ago Machael Ramsey wrote,... 
"the Anglican Church can again lead 
the way in the problems which con- 
front it only if it digs down to its own 
Foundations, which are the Gospel of 
God, the sacramental life, and 
soundest learning that its clergy and 
laity can possess". 

I think we, as a diocese, need to be 
very intentional about our "inner 
journey". The Cursillo movement is 

going great guns here and I heartily 
endorse it. It is an excellent short 
course in the Church's teachings, a 
fine way of equipping oneself to wit- 
ness to and bring others to Christ, 
and an ongoing fellowship in the 
Spirit. The Episcopal Expression of 
Marriage Encounter is also a going 
concern and is one of the only vehi- 
cles we have as a church to assist and 
encourage strong marriages. Various 
study opportunities are available too. 
The National Institute of Lay Training 
has already provided a two year op- 
portunity for a few of our people. 
With the support of our Education 
and Training Committee and CLAY 
they are sponsoring a workshop open 
to everyone, February 26-27. We 
have large numbers involved in the 
various Education for Ministry 
Groups throughout the Diocese and 
they are having a real impact on Lay 
theological education. Our Annual 
Adult Education Conference will be 
held June 17-20 with Verna Dozier as 
the keynoter. Our Conference Center 
offers us a superb facility for these 
educational and spiritual events. The 
Episcopal Churchwomen are a vital 
force in our diocese and recently had 
the largest number at their Annual 
Retreat that they have had in recent 

St. Paul concludes this section of his 
Epistle by saying, "...we have this 
treasure in earthen vessels, to show 
that the transcendent power belongs 
to God and not to us" (vs. 7). With 
that in mind, a final word about my- 

Since you elected me two years and 
three months ago, I have had a great 
many new experiences. Despite the 
fact that I will have been ordained 30 
years next June, the life of a Bishop is 
different and one can really only 

learn by doing. I think we have been 
fortunate to have this transition time. 
Most of the 16 Bishops who were 
consecrated in my "class" are now 
Diocesans. Some were put in that 
position almost immediately. I am 
glad that I was not. Certainly there 
are times when it is frustrating to 
have so much of the jursidiction and 
so little of the money! My excellent 
secretary, Libbie Ward, has made it 
possible for me to function in a way 
that I simply could not have done 
with a staff and a system not of my 
own design. I think everyone who 
deals with her knows what a fine 
ministry she has and how well she 
performs it. 

I am grateful to the Deans of the 5 
Convocations. While they no longer 
function as a "Start-up Committee", 
they have continued to meet with me 
regularly and have become a great 
support system for me. The Standing 
Committee is invaluable in this re- 
spect too, and one of the most valua- 
ble experiences I have had in pre- 
paration for becoming Diocesan, has 
been as a member of the Organization 
and Structure Committee which Bish- 
op Fraser created at the last Conven- 
tion. I have learned about the diocese 
from that experience in a -way that 
would have taken years without it. 
Henry Lewis deserves a great vote of 
thanks for his work as Chairman and 
organizer of that group. 

There are certainly many times when 
I am reminded that I am one of these 
"earthen vessels" St. Paul is talking 
about. But you have been most un- 
derstanding and kind as I have mov- 
ed among you and become one of 
you. I thank God for the privilege of 
serving Him here and for each one of 
you. i 

Diocesan election results posted for 1982 

The Conference Center 

Phyllis Barrett 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

Thomas A. Fanjoy 

Trinity, Statesville 

Rose Flannagan 

Holy Innocents, Henderson 

Marion Follin 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

E.H. Hardison 

Christ Church, Charlotte 

Mary Stuart McLendon 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

Christ Church, Ralergh 

Joel A. Weston, Jr. 

St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem 

The Rev. S.F. James Abbott 

St. Thomas, Reidsville 

The Rev. Lawrence K. Brown 

St. Michael's, Raleigh 

The Rev. John R. Campbell 

St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem 

The Rev. Wilson R. Carter 

Grace Church, Lexington 

The Rev. Ronald N. Fox 

St. Augustine's Chapel, Raleigh 

The Rev. Robert L. Sessum 

All Saints, Concord 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

St. Stephen's, Oxford 

The Rev. Downs C. Spitler, Jr. 

St. Timothy's, Wilson 

The Rev. Frank H. Vest, Jr. 

Christ Church, Charlotte 

Board of Managers, Thompson 

John T. Allred 

Christ Church, Charlotte 

Dr. Cecil L. Patterson 

St. Titus, Durham 

The Rev. Leland F. Smith 

Holy Innocents, Henderson 

Lay Trustee 
University of the South 

John C. Maddocks 

St. Barnabas, Greensboro 
Standing Committee 

The Rev. Jacob A. Viverette 

St. Paul's, Winston-Salem 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

Willie J. Long, Jr. 

AH Saints', Roanoke Rapids 

Diocesan Council 

The Rev. Louis C. Melcher 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

The Rev. James T. Prevett, Jr. 

St. Barnabas', Greensboro 

Joan H. Del Vecchio 

Holy Comforter, Charlotte 

Jake Froelich, Jr. 

St. Mary's, High Point 

H. Hymon Phillips, Jr. 

Calvary Church, Tarboro 

Board of Directors 

Episcopal Home for the Ageing 

Alice Haywood 

Christ Church, Raleigh 

W. Clary Holt 

Holy Comforter, Burlington 

Laura L. Hooper 

St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 

The Rev. G. Markis House 

Christ Church, Rocky Mount 

Thomas R. Payne 

St. Martin's, Charlotte 

Blanche Robertson 

St. Luke's, Salisbury 

Philip M. Russell 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

Barbara Scott 

Emmanuel, Southern Pines 

Charles M. Shaffer 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 

Connie Sweeney 

St. Michael's, Raleigh 

Resolution on 
nuclear arms 

WHEREAS the gospel of Christ calls 
upon us to follow the way of the 
Prince of Peace, and 
WHEREAS the House of Bishops has 
called upon us to work, pray and fast 
for peace, and 

WHEREAS the United States and the 
Soviet Union each possess a sufficient 
number of nuclear weapons to destroy 
each other's major cities, with their in- 
habitants, many times over, and 
WHEREAS there is no possibility of 
protecting civilian populations from a 
nuclear holocaust other than the dis- 
mantling of the nuclear arsenals, and 
WHEREAS the widespread militariza- 

tion of the earth has diverted the 
world's scarce economic, technological 
and human resources form the pres- 
sing needs of the earth's peoples, and 
WHEREAS weapons systems now un- 
der development place us today on 
the threshold of a new round in the 
nuclear arms race which could greatly 
increase the likelihood of a nuclear ex- 
change, therefore be it 
RESOLVED that we call upon the 
President and the Congress of the Uni- 
ted States to propose to the President 
and the Politburo of the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics, and all 
other nations posessing or pursuing a 
nuclear arms capability, the complete 
elimination of all nuclear weapons by 
January 1, 1984. On-site verification 
would be a mandatory requirement of 
this agreement, and be it further 
RESOLVED that this resolution be for- 
warded as a Memorial to the 67th 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, to meet in new Orleans, Loui- 
siana, in 1982 with our recommenda- 
tion for its adoption by that body, and 
be it further 

RESOLVED that this resolution be for- 
warded from this bcdy to the Pres- 
ident, the Secretary of State, and the 
Secretary of Defense of the United 
States, and to the North Carolina 
Congressional delegation, and be it 

RESOLVED that the Annual Conven- 
tion of the Diocese of North Carolina 
call upon all members of the Episco- 
pal Church in the Diocese to work to 
end the nuclear arms race. 

Page 12— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 




Conducted by 
Professor Peter Homans Department of Religion 

University of Chicago 

April 23-24 
April 30-May 1 All sessions begin at 4 pm Friday 

and conclude at 5 pm Saturday. 

Cost: $65.00 Make checks payable to the Episcopal 
Center for Continuing Education. 

Mail to The Rev. Taylor Scott 

Episcopal Center for Continuing Education 

P.O.Box 4844, Duke Station 

Durham, NC 27706 All reservations must be received by 

April 12. 

For more information contact: The Rev. Taylor Scott at 91 9/2860624 

St M 

The Episcopal Center for Continuing Education 
505 Alexander Avenue, Durham, NC 

The Communicant— February/March, 1982— Page 13 




June 17-20 The Conference Center, Browns Summit 

To Hear 

VERNA DOZIER, Keynoter and Lay 
Theologian. Verna has been in the 
Diocese of North Carolina on several oc- 
casions as teacher and consultant. The 
keynote themes will explore the Biblical 
witness as to who we are as new be- 

To Prepare 

To Do 

by Study, Worship and Play. The Con- 
ference will strive for an integrated 
balance which will speak to the 
fullness of the Christian life. 

by Practice and Encouragement. In our 
workshops and small groups we will 
explore together the "how to" of a 
Christian life which supports us in the 
nature of ourselves and ministry to 




96X . 






Roommate requested . 



[ ] I request information on scholarship funds for the Conference. 

I am currently certified in water safety and would be willing to serve as a lifeguard. 
1 1 Interpreters will be available for the hearing impaired. Please check if you need this ministry. 

This form, with a (35 deposit, is to be sent to: Patricia Oraetz, 
Registrar, 1101 Onslow Drive, Greensboro, HO 87408. Make 
checks payable to the Diocese of North Carolina. The deposit is 
refundable if the reservation is cancelled by June 1, 1982. The 
balance of $64 is due by June 11, 1982 ($99). Refunds cannot 
by made after that date. For further information contact: 
Betsey Price Savage, Coordinator: 919/227-1367 
The Rev. Phillip Craig, Co-Coordinator: 919/ 625-5234 

Page 14— The Communicant— February/March, 1982 


I O N 

C O N V E N 

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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Vol. 72, No. 3 

April, 1982 

Council says no more guns to El Salvador 

Diocesan Press Service 

GREENWICH— Joining in the increas- 
ing debate over U.S. involvement in El 
Salvador, the Executive Council of the 
Episcopal Church has urged the U.S. 
government to withdraw all military 
support and press for a negotiated 
settlement between the two hostile fac- 
tions there. 

At its meeting here in late February, the 
44-member Council approved without 
audible dissent a resolution which asks 
the U.S. government not only to with- 
draw military support from El Salvador, 
but also to stop training Salvadoran 
troops in this country "until such time 
as a government that respects the 
human rights of its citizens is estab- 

The Council called on Episcopalians to 
"keep El Salvador's peace and welfare 
in their prayers and to make their 
views known to their elected officials." 

Council's action went far beyond the 
recommendations of the standing com- 
mittee on World Mission in Church 
and Society, which had submitted a res- 
olution that merely reaffirmed their 
action a year ago. 

The Rev. Denis O'Pray of Minneapolis 
said that he felt the 1981 resolution— 
which objected to violence in El Salva- 
dor, urged a negotiated settlement, and 

offered support and prayer for Episco- 
palians living there— did not adequately 
reflect "the growing concern in our 
culture that the policies of our Presii 
dent and Secretary of State are in fact 
intensifying the likelihood of disastrous 
U.S. involvement in El Salvador." 

The Rev. Barbara Schlachter of White 

Plains, N.Y., who introduced the sub- 
stitute resolution that ultimately pre- 
vailed, said that calling for anything 
less in light of escalating U.S. involve- 
ment would be like "putting our heads 
in the sand." 

As approved, the resolution states that 

in the past year "there has been an in 
crease in the military intervention by 
the United States government both in 
terms of equipment and expertise 
which has prolonged and escalated the 
strife in El Salvador and at the same 
time the U.S. government has not 
called for negotiations." 

Churches give aliens sanctuary 

National Catholic Reporter 

BERKELEY, CA.-Seven Protestant 
and Catholic churches have pledged 
to openly defy the U.S. government 
by offering sanctuary and other 
assistance to refugees from war- 
torn El Salvador. 

St. Mark's Episcopal Church joined 
the six other churches in the Sather 
Gate area of the city in pledging 
active support for Salvadoran refu- 
gees in press conferences held on the 
second anniversary of the murder of 
Archbishop Oscar Romero. 

Forty Salvadoran refugees a day 
are being deported back to possible 
death in El Salvador directly from 
California by the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service, which has be- 
come increasingly aggressive in the 

Prompt payment of pledges 
will wipe out debt on Center 

BROWNS SUMMIT-The Conference 
Center may be debt-free by December, 
according to a report made to the Dioce- 
san Council at its meeting here last 

The Diocese still owes $316,000 on 
loans incurred during construction of 
the new facility at Browns Summit, 
Michael Schenck, HI told Council mem- 
bers. Schenck, who is Treasurer of the 
Diocese, noted that unpaid pledges to 
the $2 Million Campaign amounted to 
a little more than $300,000. 

"Since 1982 is the last year for the cam- 
paign as originally scheduled, payment 
on those pledges should provide the rev- 
enue necessary to retire the construc- 
tion debt by the end of this year," 
Schenck said. 

Campaign pledges totaled $1,447,791 
and approximately $ 1 ,136,000 had been 
paid on that amount as of February 28. 

"If our churches fulfill their commit- 
ments, then we have every reason to 
hope that the Diocese will own the Con- 
ference Center scott-free with no debt 
whatsoever by the end of 1982," Bish- 
op Fraser told the Council. 

Fraser also urged Council members to 
take very seriously the upcoming con- 
vocational meetings with the Commit- 

tee on Structure and Organization. 
"We're moving into the 80's, and few 
of us know what to expect from what 
promises to be a very turbulent and dif- 
ficult period of social and cultural ad- 

"I urge you to go to the convocational 
meetings and speak honestly about 
your experience as delegates to Con- 
vention and members of Council," 
Fraser said. 

"You're not going to hurt my feelings 
or anybody else's, and the Committee 
on Structure and Organization needs 
the best of your thought if they are to 
successfully plan for a new day in a 
new age." 

Reporting on various developments in 
his jurisdiction, Bishop Estill noted that 
the absence of a full-time Diocesan 
Youth Director has not hampered youth 
work, "which is continuing under the 
able leadership of a lay-run committee." 

"The Winter Youth Conference was 
the best ever, according to all reports," 
Estill said, "so I have placed a tempor- 
ary hold on filling the position for now." 
Estill explained that he was seriously 
thinking of asking Council to change 
the Diocesan staff position of Youth Di- 
rector to Diocesan Program Director. 

Bay Area, according to the Rev. 
Phillip Getchell. 

Getchell, the Rector of St. Mark's, 
said that the actions of U.S. immi- 
gration officials have been criticized 
as violations of International Law 
by the United Nations High Commis- 
sioner for Refugees. 

"It seems obvious that the State 
Department will never grant politi- 
cal asylum to these refugees because 
that would suggest that the Duarte 
junta is repressive and our govern- 
ment goes to every extreme not to 
say this," Getchell said. 

The action marks an escalation in 
church efforts to help Salvadorans 
avoid deportation because of the 
dangers they face in returning to El 
Salvador. Between 200 and 300 Sal- 
vadorans are being deported from 

the U.S. each week, according to 
estimates of various monitoring 

More- than 60 churches in Tucson, 

Los Angeles, Cleveland, New York, 

Boston and Washington have now 

promised sanctuary for Salvadoran 

Commenting on the churches' action, 
and official of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service(INS) issued a 
terse statement noting that harbor- 
ing an illegal alien is a felony. "Such 
activities would be investigated," 
the INS promised. 

Church activists express their hope 
that the issue of sanctuary will lead 
to a confrontation between the gov- 
ernment and the moral authority of 
the church. 

Tke Annual Meeting of tke ECW 

will be held at Ijalvary Ijnurcn, 

in larDoro, April 27-28, 1982 


'Have Money, Will Fund* — the Parish 
Grant Committee seeks new projects 

RALEIGH— The Parish Grant Committee 
has $90,000 and is looking for Episcopa- 
lians to help spend it. 

Started ten years ago by the Diocesan Coun- 
cil, the program provides seed money to 
enable parishes and missions to initiate a 
wide-range of outreach projects in their 
local communities. 

Grants of up to $3,000 can be made to pro- 
jects meeting established guidelines, which 
include Vestry or Mission Committe com- 
mitment and community support. Grants 
cannot be used to support internal church 
programs or to assist organizations which 
involve partisan political action or advocate 

Grants totalling nearly $30,000 funded 10 
projects in 1981, involving everything from 
solar energy to assistance for battered 
women. Almost three times that amount is 
available for distribution in 1982, as a re- 
sult of the Diocesan Council's decision to 
allocate the expenditure of funds equal to 
at least 5% of the total Diocesan Budget for 

At its last meeting, the Parish Grant Com- 
mittee approved grants totalling $4,000 to 
support the joint efforts of several Ra- 
leigh parishes to compensate for recent cut- 
backs in Federal health and human service 
programs, and to help start a transient shel- 
ter in Rocky Mount. 

The committee meets once each quarter to 
review grant applications, according to 
Alexander Rankin, III. Rankin, who serves 
as chairman of the committee, urges con- 
gregations to take advantage of the pro- 
gram. Applications and guidelines can be 
obtained by contacting Jeanne Owen, Sec- 
retary for Program, the Episcopal Diocese 
of North Carolina, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 

Charlotte church to host diocesan 
workshop for layreaders on May 8 

CHARLOTTE— Parish layreaders will get a 
view from the pew at a special one-day 
workshop to be held on Saturday, May 8, at 
Christ Church here. 

Sponsored by the Diocesan Commission on 
Liturgy and Worship, the Layreader's Work- 
shop will be led by the Rev. John Burke of 
Washington, D.C. Burke is the Director of 
the Word of God Institute, an organization 
which provides specialized training in the 
oral interpretation of scripture. 

Through the use of video recorders, partici- 

pants will have a chance to see themselves 
as others see them at the lectern. In order 
to provide the individual coaching which 
is the focus of this particular workshop, 
registration will be limited to 30 people, 
and assigned on a first-come, first-served 

Fee for the day-long session is $10, and 
does not include meals. The workshop be- 
gins with a light breakfast at Christ Church 
at 8:00 a.m., Saturday, May 8, and con- 
cludes at 4:00 p.m. 

People wishing to attend should send a 
check for $10 made out to the Commission 
on Liturgy and Worship to the Rev. Robert 
Dannals, Christ Church, P.O. Box 6124, 
Charlotte, N.C. 28207 

Convocations asked to discuss 
Diocesan structure and organization 

CHAPEL HILL— Clergy and lay people of 
the diocese will have a chance to discuss 
diocesan structure and organization with 
the committee charged with the study of 
that subject by the 1982 Convetnion. 

The Committee on Structure and Organiza- 
tion is particularly interested in meeting 
with clergy and lay people who have had 
diocesan convention, vestry, mission com- 
mittee or diocesan office experience, accord- 
ing to Henry W. Lewis. 

Lewis, the chairman of the Committee, ex- 
plains that "our task is to improve the way 
in which the Diocese is organized in order 
that it can best pursue the mission of the 

"Our work would be incomplete without 
the insights of the best informed and most 
interested of our clergy and laity." 

The Committee has been hard at work for 
ten months now, and hopes to be able to 
report its recommendations sometime this 
fall, according to Lewis. 

"One of our objectives is to get a report de- 
veloped at the earliest possible date so that 
the substance of our recommendations can 
be broadcast as widely as possible through- 
out the Diocese. We want to encourage and 
facilitate as much discussion of any pro- 
posed changes as possible before the next 

In order to establish communication with 
congregations and clergy in all parts of the 
Diocese, the Committee on Structure and 
Organization has scheduled afternoon 
meetings in each of the five convocations, 
beginning with the Central Convocation 
which met at 2:30 pm. on Sunday, April 4, 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Art Director: Dana Davis Bayley 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

at St. Michael's Church in Raleigh. 

Subsequent meetings have been scheduled 
for the following dates: Northeast, 2:00 
p.m. on Sunday, April 18 at Good Shep- 
herd Church in Rocky Mount; Sandhills, 
2:00 p.m. on Sunday, April 25, at Saint 
Thomas' Church in Sanford; Southwest, 
2:00 p.m. on Saturday, May 15, at Christ 
Church in Charlotte; and 2:30 p.m on Sun- 
day, May 23, at Holy Comforter Church in 

Episcopal Churchwomen to hold 
leadership training seminar in May 

GREENSBORO— Parish ECW officers look- 
ing to sharpen their leadership skills will 
find valuable assistance at the upcoming 
two-day workshop to be held at the Confer- 
ence Center at Browns Summit May 12-13. 

Under the direction of Dr. Nancy B. Geyer, 
the seminar will help develop the skills ne- 
cessary to make parish ECW meetings re- 
warding, challenging and productive chan- 
nels of ministry. Geyer will give special at- 
tention to techniques for planning agendas, 
conducting meetings, writing reports and 
resolutions and using parliamentary pro- 

A nationally-known consultant in Applied 
Behavioral Science, Geyer has an M.A. from 
Columbia University and General Theologi- 
cal Seminary, and her Ph.D. from Union 
Graduate School in Cincinnati, Ohio. She 
has worked with the Middle Atlantic Asso- 
ciation, and is a member of the Field Fac- 
ulty of Goddard College. 

Sponsored by the Diocesan ECW Education 
and Training Committee, the seminar costs 
$40 for meals, overnight accomodations and 
all necessary conference materials. 

Registration can be made by sending a 
check for $40 made out the Episcopal 
Churchwomen to Mrs. Watson Sherrod, 
Randolph Pines, Enfield, N.C. 27823. 

St. Ambrose Church to co-sponsor 
Farm-to-Market project in Raleigh 

RALEIGH— On May 1, inner-city residents 
will have a chance to buy fresh vegetables 
at discount prices, thanks to the efforts of 
the people of St. Ambrose and the Farm-to- 
Market Project. 

Produce for the project will be purchased 
from farmers in Alamance, Graham, Anson, 
Orange and Caswell counties and trucked 
to the Laodicea United Church of Christ, 
where it will be sold at prices as much as 
40 percent lower than retail. 

The project is the brainstorm of several 
Cornell University Graduates who have re- 
cently moved their non-profit corporation, 
Agricultural Teams Inc., to Raleigh. 

"Like other cities, Raleigh has a number 
of people who are in a constant struggle to 
survive," according to Makaza Kumanyika, 
executive director of Agricultural Teams. 
"Food stamps are going down and unem- 
ployment is going up. We'd like to aim the 
Farm-to-Market project at those people." 

The project, which Kumanyika hopes will 
attract as many as 3,000, "is being aimed 
primarily at the black community, though 
it will be open to anyone in search of a good 

"We look on this as a good opportunity to 
help the small farmer by providing a new 
market for his produce," explained the Rev. 
Arthur J. Calloway, Rector of St. Ambrose, 
and a member of the Raleigh City Council. 

In-service training events scheduled 
for Education for Ministry students 

PITTSBORO— Two training workshops will 
be held in April and May for participants 
in the Diocesan Education for Ministry pro 
gram at Recompense Retreat Center here. 

The two-day sessions will be held April 27- 
29 and May 11-13, beginning at 5:30 p.m. 
on Tuesday and concluding at 3:00 p.m. on 

Sponsored by the Education and Training 
Committee, the workshops are open to all 
mentors and students currently enrolled in 
the Education for Ministry program of the 
University of the South. Over 130 students 
are now participating in 18 groups at pre- 
sent and several churches now have two or 
more groups in progress. 

All requests concerning registration and ad- 
ditional information should be sent directly 
to the Rev. William M. Coolidge, Recompense 
Farm and Retreat Center, Rt. 3, Box 108, 
Siler City, N.C. 27344. 

Diocesan Committee on Scouting 
announces Episcopal Scout Retreat 

RALEIGH — Browns Summit will be invad- 
ed by troops of Boy Scouts this May, if a new 
Diocesan organization has anything to say , 
about it. 

A newly-formed Committee on Scouting has 
invited all Episcopal Scouts in the Diocese to 
attend the first annual Scout Retreat at the 
the Conference Center from May 28-30. 

"We hope this will become an annual event 
which will give Episcopal Scouts an oppor- 
tunity to get to know each other and to 
spend some time learning, working, pray- 
ing and relaxing together," the Rev. Doug- 
las E. Remer explains. Remer is Chairman 
of the newly-formed Diocesan Committee on 

Cost for the two-day retreat is $15 per per- 
son, and includes 4 meals and a commem- 
orative patch. Further information and the 
necessary registration forms can be obtained 
from Walter Brown, 1218 Aycock Avenue, 
Burlington, N.C. 27215. 

Two churches form a new chapter 
of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew 

HAMLET— Delegates from as far away as 
Kennesaw, Georgia travelled to All Saints 
Church in late March for ceremonies sur- 
rounding the founding of a new chapter of 
the Brotherhood of St. Andrew by the men 
of All Saints and the Church of the Messiah 
in nearby Rockingham. 

Since its founding in 1883, the Brotherhood 
of St. Andrew has pursued an evangelistic 
ministry throughout the Episcopal Church 
in order to "spread the Kingdom of God 
among men through parish chapters com- 
mitted to the disciplines of prayer, study 
and service." 

Lawrence Mosher, Regional Director of the 
brotherhood, travelled from Kenneshaw, 
Georgia to induct two new members of the 
brotherhood during services held at All 
Saints Church in Hamlet. 

The new Hamlet-Rockingham chapter in- 
cludes 12 members from All Saints and 11 
members from Church of the Messiah. 

.^age 2— The Communicant— April, 1982 

— — 




--■-■■ - 

. , __ 

A woman's right to choose 


RALEIGH-She is a 
young woman who 
places a tremendous 
value on personal free- 
dom. Like most Episco- 
palians, Lauren Kirk- 
patrick resists being told 
what to think. 

She was understandably 
upset, therefore, when 
North Carolina sent a 
second anti-abortion 
candidate to the Senate 
in the last general elec- 

"I was dumbfounded at 
the outcome in 1980," 
Kirkpatrick remembers. 

"I had laughed at the 
political ads, just as I 
had scoffed at Jesse's 
editorials on Channel 5 
when I was a kid." 

Many voters who had 
laughed along with her 
found themselves so- 
bered by the final vote 
count and the result- 
ing conservative vic- 

That was the beginning of Lauren 
Kirkpatrick' s political awareness. To- 
day she is working to promote similar 
awakenings in the public at large as 
Coordinator of the North Carolina of- 
fice of the Religious Coalition for 
Abortion Rights (RCAR), a national 
association of 30 Protestant, Catholic, 
Jewish and other religious groups 
working together to preserve legalized 
abortion as guaranteed by the 1973 
Supreme Court decision. 

Even with the supplementary grant 
which Kirkpatrick obtained from the Z. 
Smith Reynolds Foundation in Winston- 
Salem, funding is scarce, and the suc- 
cess of local efforts depends upon the 
recruitment and training of volunteers. 

Because training sessions must often 
be offered at night and on weekends, 
Kirkpatrick 's workload demands time 
far in excess of that for which her salary 
pays her. And always goading her is 
the sense of urgency which is commu- 
nicated by the increasing frequency 
with which "action alerts" from the na- 
tional office reach her Raleigh desk. 

Kirkpatrick makes no apologies for her 
lack of experience at political organi- 
zing. "The coalition and I are growing 
at the same time," she remarks candid- 
ly. Under her direction, the North Caro- 
lina chapter has recruited 10 religious 
organizations as sponsors and close to 
100 individuals as volunteers. With their 
assistance and a big push by volun- 
teers, NC/RCAR succeeded in raising 
$1850 needed to cover half the cost of 
a full-page ad which appeared in the 
Raleigh News and Observer on Sun- 
day, February 21. Because it was the 
first public affirmation of the existence 
in North Carolina of a coalition on the 
pro-choice side of the issue, publica- 
tion of the political advertisement 
represented a real coup for Kirkpatrick. 

"A politician shouldn't play God," 
warned the ad's headline, in letters an 
inch high. The rest of the copy noted 
the consequences which would result 
from the passage of any Constitutional 
amendment outlawing abortion, and 

"Who am I to decide?" 

she asks when she imagines 

facing the decision herself. 

But, she vows, 

'I want that decision to be mine, 

not Jesse's." 

concluded with the admonition that 
"Personal freedom is as sacred as reli- 
gious freedom." 

Part of Kirkpatrick's success thus far no 
doubt derives from her own respect for 
the diversity of public opinion on this 
complex issue. "Because people come 
to abortion rights from widely different 
backgrounds and personal experi- 
ence." she explains. "I don't ask peo- 
ple to get on a bandwagon. I am a 
coordinator, and as such, I'm involved 
in education." 

After a year spend describing the work 
of the coalition to audiences across 
North Carolina, Kirkpatrick has distilled 
her message to its essence. The Coali- 
tion is not pro-abortion, she insists; it is 
pro-choice. It works not for the promo- 
tion of a particular point of view with 
regard to abortion, but rather the 
preservation of religious freedom which 
allows individuals of all faiths to make 
responsible caring decisions according 
to the dictates of their consciences. 

Kirkpatrick's fierce dedication to the in- 
dividual's right to choose has not 
blunted her own awareness of the 
moral complexity of that choice. She 
speaks freely of her own struggles with 
the issue, struggles which she must 
often conduct in the arena of public 
debate. She winces at the memory of 
one recent experience. 

"I appeared before a committee of the 

(N.C.) General Assembly," she recalls, 
"with a shining face, to tell them about 
my work." With no particular expecta- 
tions about how her listeners were likely 
to react, the young director urged the 
committee members to support the 
continuation pf state funding for abor- 
tion in the interest of fairness. "Without 
the state subsidy," she explained, 
"poor women will be unable to exer- 
cise their right to choose." 

The committee's response took the 
form of a question hurled at Kirkpatrick 
by a particularly unsympathetic 
legislator. "What do you think of the 
commandment, 'Thou shalt not kill'?" 
he asked. 

"I hadn't prepared myself for the ex- 
perience of being called a baby- killer, " 
she admits. Even now, when she 
opens mail from one of the "pro-life" 
groups, she dreads seeing the blown- 
up photographs of still-born children in 
early stages of development. 

"When I read about scientific advances 
that suggest the capacity of a fetus to 
feel things, that gives me problems," 
says Kirkpatrick. "Who am I to 
decide?" she askes, when she im- 
agines facing the decision to abort a 

But when she equivocates, she re- 
members that there are politicians 
who stand ready to make the choice 
for her, once and for all. It's that 

prospect, according to 
Kirkpatrick, which re- 
stores her conviction. "I 
want that decision to be 
mine," she vows, "not 

RCAR views the move- 
ment to ban abortions 
as an infringement on 
religious and personal 
freedom, and has been 
successful in rallying 
religious groups with 
widely divergent theo- 
logies around the threat 
that an absolutist po- 
sition might become 

RCAR takes the position 
that the act of banning 
abortions would: (1) im- 
pose one religious view- 
point on all citizens, (2) 
encourage unsafe medi- 
cal practices associated 
with covert and illegal 
abortions, and (3) invite 
government interference 
in decisions which are 
properly the domain of 
individual conscience 
and religious belief. 

RCAR's statement is essentially a 
paraphrase of the Supreme Court's 
decision, issued in 1973, in the case 
of Roe v. Wade: 

We recognize the -.^ ht of the individual, 
married or single, io be free from un- 
warranted governmental intrusion into 
matters so fundamentally affecting a per- 
son as the decision whether to mr or 
beget a child. That necessarily deludes 
the right of a woman to decide whether 
or not to terminate her pregnancy. 

In June of 1981, Lauren Kirkpatrick 
wrote a letter on behalf of North 
Carolina RCAR to The Communi- 
cant, explaining the pro-choice posi- 
tion. In that letter, she appealed 
directly to Episcopalians to join her in 
bearing witness to the belief that "our 
role, as compassionate Christians, is 
to respond in love to the needs of our 
neighbors, who must struggle with 
their freedom to choose." 

In response to that letter as well as to 
other overtures, many Episcopalians 
have agreed to lend their support to 
the Coalition's work. But ther is no 
complacency in the North Carolina 
RCAR office. If those who seek to 
eliminate abortion as a legal option 
are correct in their predictions, 1982 
will be the year of the definitive con- 
frontation between the "pro-life" and 
"pro-choice" forces in Congress. 
Hearings on "the Hatch bill" were 
scheduled to begin before the Senate 
Constitution Sub-committee in late 
March. And Senator Helms has in- 
troduced a new anti-abortion measure 
which could go directly to the Senate 
floor later this spring. 

Lauren Kirkpatrick and the sponsors 
and volunteers with whom she has 
worked are almost single-mindedly 
focused on preparations for the battle 
over abortion coming up in the U.S. 
Congress. Its outcome will be a clear 
indication to them of the degree to 
which they have succeeded in per- 
suading their fellow citizens that, in 
the words of the coalition, "politicians 
shouldn't play God." 

The Communicant— April, 1982— Page 3 


The Episcopal Churchwomen 1882-1982 


By Jaquelin Nash 

The following glimpses of the first 
hundred years of the Episcopal Church- 
women of the Diocese are taken from a 
much longer work just completed by 
Jaquelin Nash of Tarboro. 


Fortunately for historians, there exists 
a complete set of annual reports of 
the organization we today call Epis- 
copal Churchwomen of North Caro- 
lina, covering its one hundred years. 

The history of the women's work is 
there, and much, much more. Be- 
tween the lines one may read the his- 
tory of a world that changed from a 
horse-an-buggy way of life to space 
travel. "Saddlehorse to satellite", as 
someone has said. Two world wars, a 
major depression, the resulting na- 
tional fatigue and apathy of the six- 
ties, with their sad effect on the na- 
tion's youth— all are reflected in the 
accounts of the Churchwomen' s meet- 
ings. But throughout the one hun- 
dred years, in good times and bad, 
there rings like a trumpet call the 
strong purpose behind our organ- 
ization: to know the Christ and to 
make Him known. 

The Beginning 

In 1871, at General Convention in 
Baltimore, the Woman's Auxiliary to 
the Board of Missions was estab- 
lished. Loosely organized work for 
missions had been done by women 
in many parishes since the birth of 
:ie Episcopal Church, but this was 
le first national body organized for 
his purpose. 

was not until ten years later, in 
881 that Bishop Lyman of North Car- 
lina asked Mrs. John Wilkes, of Char- 
>tte, to start a North Carolina branch. 
At that time the North Carolina dio- 
cese covered the whole state. 

Eleven parishes answered Mrs. 
Wilke's call, and in 1882, during the 
Diocesan Convention in "Tarbor- 
ough", the new Woman's Auxiliary 
held its first meeting. Mrs. Wilkes, 
under the title of Diocesan Secretary, 
set forth the aims: to do mission work 
in foreign and domestic fields, by 
means of money and goods. The at- 
tendance at the first meeting is not 
known, but Mrs. Wilkes was "glad to 
welcome so many." A Tarboro 
branch had not been formed, but it is 
not surprising to read that the follow- 
ing year found one in good standing 
in this first hostess parish, making, 
with two other new branches, a total 
of fourteen.... 

The women were "Auxiliary to the 
Board of Missions' ' but also definitely 
auxiliary to the men of the Church! 
The Bishop had appointed Mrs. 
Wilkes, but was himself nominally 
head of the organization, and presided 
at the meetings. Each rector was de 
facto president of the branch, ap- 
pointed all officers, and presided over 
the meetings. The Auxiliary met an- 
nually for convention at the same 
time and place of the Diocesan Con- 

The "dominant sex" was determined 
that matters should stay this way. A 

Board of Missions (all-male) report in 
1892 stated "We think it of high im- 
portance that the Woman's Auxiliary 
should continue to be that which its 
name indicates... and that the Board 
and the Auxiliary should thus re- 
alize... that which is the true idea of 
the essential relation of the sexes... We 
think [a] change would involve the 
loss of elements of beauty, grace and 
strength, which are quite peculiar [to 
the women] and that this loss would 
be incalculable." The new century 
was well under way before the wo- 
men would be allowed to run their 
own organization. 

Groups of ladies in many parishes 
had long been busy with good deeds 
to the needy, both far and near. "Fe- 
male Missionary Societies", as they 
were called, met to sew for the 
"heathen", to take up small collec- 

sented at the Triennial Convention in 
1906 was $150,000. This had grown 
from a tiny offering of $86.00 in 
1882, ("taken home in a hanker-chief" 
say the minutes,) to a great "United 
Offering" of the Episcopal women, the 
forerunner of our United Thank Offer- 
ing. The earliest mention of this 
offering in North Carolina was in 

The Bishop of North Carolina was 
still the presiding officer of each dio- 
cesan convention, opening the meet- 
ing with "a gavel carved and given by 
Miss Kate Cheshire.. .made of boxwood 
from the grounds of Gen. Thomas 
Blount of Revolutionary fame, and 
planted by himself." 

voices had been heard; the women 
just sat and listened. To this motion, 
the women voted 25 against, 4 in fa- 
vor, and 1 of divided opinion!... 

Negro women had taken their part in 
the diocesan organization from its in- 
ception, with a representative on the 
President's Advisory Committee. In 
1934 a separate Negro District was set 
up, and a salaried field worker ap- 
pointed. Delegates represented this 
District at conventions, and sat on the 
board. It was not until 1955 that the 
separate district was dissolved; at that 
time, black branches took their place 
in the convention according to their 
district or residence. 

Winston Salem high school students of the Class of 1902 pose for a group photo. Alice Gray, second row, far left, was later active in St. Paul's. 

tions to send to worthy causes, and to 
provide for the poor of their com- 
munities. These workers slowly be- 
came incorporated into the Auxiliary. 

Into the Twentieth Century 

As the new century dawned, it found 
the Auxiliary broadening its aims. 
The first twenty-five years had shown 
an increase from the original eleven 
branches of 119 members, who had 
given $261.60 as their first year's of- 
fering, to 123 branches with 2,032 
members, giving $4,434. The Dioce- 
san Auxiliary had sent a missionary, 
Miss Ellen Hicks, to the Philippines, 
and had supported her there. 

At the "Silver Jubilee", which met in 
Tarboro, another young woman of- 
fered her life to God as a missionary 
to China: Annie Cheshire, daughter of 
Bishop Cheshire. Our missionary vi- 
sion had broadened: now Japan, Chi- 
na, the Philippines, Liberia, Alaska, 
Mexico, the Seminole Indians, as well 
as the local Thompson Orphanage and 
St. Augustine's School and several 
diocesan missions were all benefit- 
ing from our work and money.... 

The national Auxiliary offering pre- 

In 1904 it was proposed that the Aux- 
iliary should have a president, vice- 
president, secretary and treasurer. 
These were still appointed by the 
Bishop, but marked a step forward. 

Nineteen-twenty was a milestone 
year. At the suggestion of Bishop 
Cheshire, the women began to elect 
their own officers, and to conduct 
their own meetings, both diocesan 
and parish. Their convention began to 
meet separately from the Diocesan 
Convention, since the combined num- 
ber of men and women had become 
too great for all the largest parishes to 
entertain. Delegates had been going to 
the Triennial since 1910. We had also 
become members of the provincial or- 
ganization, in the "Department" of 
Sewanee, which we now know as the 
Fourth Province. Our maturing organ- 
ization now felt the need of a con- 
stitution and by-laws, in place of the 
simple "Rules" which had heretofore 
been sufficient. 

Further stirrings of "women's lib" 
were felt, a vote was taken at the 
1913 convention to determine the wo- 
men's feelings about voting at parish 
meetings. Heretofore only the men's 

Two Wars and a Depression 

World War I figured largely in the 
deliberations of the women during 
the dark days of 1916-1918. Special 
prayers, days of intercession for the 
armed forces, a Committee on War 
Work, a "War Plan" , and a "One 
Day's Income Plan" are often men- 
tioned in the minutes, but are not 
described. Gone now are the mem- 
bers who could enlighten us about 
those days!... 

In the twenties and early thirties the 
work progressed steadily. Our aims 
broadened: members were chose to 
represent us on the State Legislative 
Council, to scrutinize most carefully 
all legislation pertaining to prison re- 
form, corporal punishment, the Ju- 
venile Court, work with veterans, and 
similar issues. The Social Service 
branch of our work began to flex its 

Mrs. Gordon's presidency brought 
new spirituality to the Auxiliary. This 
was that great leader's special gift. 
Days of meditation and Bible study 
increased during her term. Her recep- 
tion by the branches, and the many 
new branches she started, gave testi- 

p age 4— The Communicant— April, 1982 

The Rt. Rev. Joseph B. Cheshire, fifth Bishop of North Carolina, and his sister, Kale D. 
Cheshire, President of the Women's Auxiliary of this Diocese from 1913-1918. 

mony to the need of the women for a 
new sort of strength beyond their 
own, for something to hold on to in 
world fast moving away from the safe 
predictable one they had known. 

As we look back now, the Second 
World War seems to have followed 
hard on the Depression years. Again 
the women were called to do their 
part for their country as well as for 
their Lord. This time an even greater 
upsetting and moving about took 
place. Mrs. U.T. Holmes, after a year 
of splendid leadership, was called 
away from the diocese with her hus- 
band. She was typical of the many 
who were displaced. Many went into 
war work or with the services. The 
year books of this time carried a 
special section of "Prayers in Time of 
War", still heartcatching to many 
who lost dear ones in that conflict. 

In 1945, for the first and only time, 
no annual meeting could be held; 
"Defense Transportation" ruled 
against civilian conventions. The 
Board met however, and the year 
book proved that "business as usual" 
was going on, in spite of wartime 
shortages and difficulties. Another 
deterrent was the dreaded recurrent 
polio epidemic; Vade Mecum was 
closed in 1945 because of this.... 

Years of Change and Growth 

In 1958, another milestone year, our 
name was again changed, and we be- 
came the Episcopal Churchwomen of 
the Diocese of North Carolina. It was 
a reflection of the times, perhaps, and 
of our increasing sense of our sex as 
important and able in itself, and not 
as merely auxiliary and ancillary to 
the men of the Church, clerical or 
lay. As early as 1922, a Commission 
on Woman's Place in the Church had 
said, "It is obsolete and out of all rea- 
sonable consideration for women to 
help carry on the Church's work and 
have neither voice nor vote in parish, 
diocese and province." (Notice that 
"nation" was not mentioned; the men 
could not go quite that far!) 

Fourteen years later, in 1937, a bit of 
national progress had been made: wo- 
men could vote in parish meetings! In 
1964 the proposal was made that wo- 
men should be able to serve on dioce- 
san boards, on vestries, and as dele- 
gates to Diocesan Convention. North 
Carolina was late in arriving at the 
decision; one-half the dioceses had 
made the move while our men were 
still deliberating. It took them three 
years more to give their permission. 
The Churchwomen also ceased at this 
time to be a separate body on the 

provincial level. 

It is hard to believe that it was not 
until 1970 that women were given 
national status in the Church. 

If any one thing can be gleaned from 
reading the almost one hundred hand- 
books, it is a profound sense of the 
changes, gradual at first, then snow- 
balling in a frightening way, taking all 
our old comfortable preconceptions 
with them. The unrest in the sixties; 
the young people in distress and re- 
bellion, the sinister "God-is-dead" 
movement in theological circles; the 
independence of "emerging nations", 
stiff-arming all offers of missionary 
acivity; the rise of the drug culture; 
the growing self-examination by indi- 
viduals and organizations, bespeaking 
grave questioning of all values— all 
were reflected in the deliberations 
and prayers of the women. 

At the 1967 Triennial in Seattle the 
National Office of Women's Work 
was disbanded, for so long the source 
and mecca to which workers in pro- 
vince, diocese, and branch had turned 
for help, its loss stunned the women. 
Even more unsettling was the church- 
wide movement towards integrating 
the work of the women with that of 
the men, and doing away with the 
Churchwomen. The North Carolina 
Diocese felt the unrest, but in general 
subscribed to the feeling of their new 
President, Mrs. Motsinger, when she 
quoted from Robert Ruark's book, 
Something of Value: "Never take 
away from people their traditional 
customs, unless you are sure there is 
something of value to replace them." 

Days of Radical Change 

Some felt in those days of radical 
change that women's work hung by a 
thread. Mrs. Motsinger and her suc- 
cessor, Mrs. Long, worked manfully 
(and they probably preferred this 
word to "womanfully"!) to hold the 
organization together, to ride the 
storm of change, and at the same 
time to adapt to new concepts. Mrs. 
Long could report "old branches 
reorganized, new branches formed, 
the diocesan budget growing, the 
U.T.O. and special gifts increasing, 
and the work of the women on the 
local level showing sings of health 
and vigor." The Churchwomen, as 
often before, accepted the challenge 
of the times. 

A sign of growth and strength 

RALEIGH— It was a strange sight in- 
deed for Sunday morning. In the 
middle of the sermon, two women 
wearing above-the-knee dresses with 
hip-hugging belts sauntered up the 
aisle to the chancel. With strands of 
pearl and jet beads hanging nearly 
to their hemlines, their attire would 
have made a flapper proud. 

"By the 1920's, skirts were shorter 
and attitudes more enlightened," ex- 
plained the Rev. Dan Sapp from the 
pulpit, as the two took their places 
in the chancel next to other Epis- 
copal Churchwomen clad more de- 
corously in the style of the 1880's. 

The historical tableau was com- 
pleted just a few minutes later when 
Sapp introduced Lynn Holtzclaw, 
President of Episcopal Church 
women of Christ Church, "wife, 
mother, civic leader, gourmet cook, 
and dedicated jogger." 

Wearing jogging clothes and shoes, 
Holtzclaw took her place with the 
other ECW members on the chancel 

steps. "The Episcopal Churchwo- 
men of Christ Church are off and 
running," she exclaimed, to the 
enthusiastic applause of the con- 

The special service was one parish's 
way of celebrating the 100th Anni- 
versary of the founding of the Epis- 
copal Churchwomen, which had its 
beginnings at the Women's Aux- 
iliary to the Board of missions of the 
Episcopal Church. 

Following the Eucharist, the congre- 
gation adjourned to the parish house 
to take part in a Fair celebrating the 
community work and activities sup- 
ported by the ECW. 

Meals on Wheels, the Raleigh Day 
Care Center, Wake County Relief 
and Parents Anonymous are just 
some of the Raleigh service organi- 
zations which benefit from the ac- 
tive support and involvement of the 
women of Christ Church. 

The Christ Church women were al- 

so responsible for the founding of 
the Cerebral Palsy Center, which 
was begun in a church-owned build- 
ing, The Urban Crisis Center and 
the Battered Women's Shelter also 
benefit from their continued sup- 

And the Christ Church kitchen guild 
also provides monthly meals and 
meeting places for a variety of Ra- 
leigh civic organizations, a service 
which has earned the parish the rep- 
utation as "the Church of the Hea- 
venly Restaurant." 

It is the support of programs like 
those by ECW in most of the dio- 
cese's 117 parishes and missions that 
has led Bishop Fraser to describe the 
work of the 100 year old organiza- 
tion as "one of the most encouraging 
signs of the growth and strength of 
the Church in the Diocese of North 

A century old this month, the ECW 
is indeed off and running in North 

In 1976 a brave move was made. 
Since Vade Mecum was no longer the 
diocesan meeting place, a need was 
felt for a new and central facility for 
meetings of all phases of diocesan 
work. The women proposed to the 
Bishop that they should inaugurate a 
study of, and fund a survey for, a 
conference center. This met with ap- 
proval by the diocesan Church in gen- 
eral, and work was started to raise 
money for building. 

The General Convention in Minnea- 
polis in 1977 brought about further 
radical changes in thought and proce- 
dure, exciting to some, but to others a 
presage of doom. The new liturgy, as 
contained in the 1979 Book of Com- 
mon Prayer, was adopted, and the 
King James version of the Bible was 
relegated to the poetry shelf beside 
Shakespeare's works, in favor of 
more up-to-date translations. The 
priesthood and episcopacy were open- 
ed to women. That same year, 1977, 
Mrs. J.H. Evans, our President, at- 
tended the first meeting ever inaugu 
rated by the National Church specifi- 
cally for women and their work. 

_ New Occasions 

Reports in the late seventies and early 
eighties continued to reflect world 
changes. Resolutions called for action 
to be taken and representations made 
to appropriate bodies on such diverse 
modern problems as violence on tele- 
vision, pornography, child abuse, the 
ordination of homosexuals, the E.R.A. 
amendment, the doing away entirely 
with the 1928 Book of Common Pray- 
er in parish worship. On many issues, 
opinion was divided; the ERA amend- 
ment was tabled, for instance, even 
though General Convention had sup- 
ported it. 

Somehow the issues could no longer 
be perceived as right or wrong. The 
old, simple way of knowing one's 
own convictions and holding to them 
had gone the way of the old simple 
way of life. The thought-provoking 
words of the Hymn: 
New occasions teach new duties 
Time makes ancient good uncouth 
They must upward still and onward 
Who would keep abreast of truth. . . 
expressed the necessity that the 
Churchwomen "look alive there!" 
and be ready to weigh the possible 
good in all change, keeping ever 
before their eyes the purpose of our 
organization, and, indeed, of our 

"Give us grace, O Lord, to answer 
readily the call of our saviour Jesus 
Christ to proclaim to all people the 
Good News of m? salvation. " 

An early view of Calvary Church, Tarboro, 
constructed from 1859-68 during the Rev. 
Joseph B. Cheshire's tenure as Rector. 

The Communicant— April, 1982— Page 5 

We face a dire emergency 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Dear Friends: 

At the beginning of Holy Week I had 
to do some flying in what turned out 
to be some some of the worst April 
weather on record. I had that experi- 
ence that most of us have shared when 
the plane finally broke through the 
storm clouds and into the sunlight and 
clear blue sky. 

How like Easter that is. Suddenly, out 
of the darkness of human sin and fail- 
ure, the day breaks, the shadows flee 
away and we who have been wander- 
ing about in the clouds and the storm 
are raised with Christ into the sunshine 
and the light. Just like my experience 
in that airplane, the light has been 
there all along, but we can only see it 
when we are lifted up. 

My reading material for that particular 
flight was Jonathan Schell's The Fate 
of the Earth. A work of enormous force, 
Schell's picture of the human situation 
in the nuclear age never leaves the 
clouds for the sunlight. He gives a 
graphic description of the consequen- 
ces of a nuclear holocaust and points 
out that humankind would suffer two 
distinct deaths in the event of nuclear 
war— the slaughter of every living hu- 
man being, for one, and the cancella- 
tion of all future generations, for an- 

Schell warns us that "the machinery of 
destruction is complete, poised on a 
hair trigger, waiting for the 'button' to 
be 'pushed' by some misguided or de- 
ranged human being or for some faulty 
computer chip to send out the instruc- 
tion to fire." 

"That so much should be balanced on 


From The 


so fine a point— that the fruit of four 
and a half billion years can be undone 
in a careless moment— is a fact against 
which belief rebels." 

I hope you will read Schell's book, or 
his three articles in the February issues 
oiThe New Yorker. He suggests some 
steps we can take, as, of course, do 
others, including President Regan and, 
most recently, four distinguished 
Americans— McGeorge Bundy, George 
Kennan, Robert McNamera and Gerard 
Smith. Even the New York Times 
offered an Easter meditation on the 
subject, saying "May mankind work 
towards wisdom. May spring continue 
insolent. May resurrection remain 
the rule." 

Your bishops, in our Annual Pastoral 
Letter issued last September, have 
urged you to join us in fasting and 
praying for peace and for the direction 
of the leaders of the world. I join those 
who hope for a "freeze" in the pro- 
duction of nuclear weapons, as a first 
step toward dismantling all of them. 

There are, of course, many different 
and sincerely-held positions on this 

"He's nothing if not optimistic." 

most serious of issues. But I hope we 
can all agree that we do indeed face 
a dire emergency. We simply cannot 
ignore it in the vain hope that the 
whole thing will simply go away by 

Our Easter hope, with which I began 
this letter, is one of life and not of 
death. We must, you and I, look for 
every way possible to make that hope 
known in our world today. 

An old story tells today's truth 

Peter James Lee 

The story is familiar and still awe- 
some in its power. 

The cadences, the solemnity, the an- 
cient rites, recapture the old, old story. 
The story may be old. The themes, 
though, of this Sunday of the Passion 
are as current as today's newspaper, 
as fresh as the most recent pain that 
has pierced your heart and hope. 

The old story tells what happens to- 
day: leaders act to protect privilege, 
justice is corrupted, betrayal issues 
from deliberate deceit and from mo- 
mentary cowardice, prisoners are bru- 
talized. There is sarcasm in the pres- 
ence of innocence caprice and chance 
as passers-by are caught up in terri- 
fying events they do not choose, mob 
hysteria turns cheers into obscenities 
of comtempt and violence. And shad- 
owing all is abandonment, that sense 
of insecure aloneness where nothing 
holds, and death, that dreadful threat 
that none of us escapes. 

They are all there, those themes, all 
in the old, old story that ends today 
in death. For us Christians that old 
story is the way we follow as the 
path into life. Telling that story here 
today, as we do every year, as the 
church has done on this Sunday since 
its earliest days, is something far 
more than a memory of ages past. 
We tell the story because of its truth. 
Yes, it happened— it is true in that 

sense. And the story is our truth to- 
day, too. 

The Passion of Jesus Christ is a story 
that tells the truth— the deepest truths 
of what our lives are about, the pain 
they endure and inflict, the betrayals 
that mark their course, the caprice 
and violence they both cause and suf- 
fer, the responsibility we bear and 
the responsibility we evade. This is a 
story about us. 

But if we pay attention only to these 
themes of the Passion, we will miss 
the fullness of its truth. The story is 
told so we may know, and confront, 
and embrace, the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. And Gospel truth is summed 
up in the eucharistic acclamation, 
"Christ has died, Christ is risen, 
Christ will come again." 

The story, as we heard it today, ends 
in death. It is true to life in its themes. 
But the power of its truth extends be- 
yond the narrative to the experience 
we are having right now. 

We are gathered on this solemn Sun- 
day of the Passion in the power of the 
Resurrection. The trancendent, lumi- 
nous truth is the victory of Jesus 
Christ that frees us to accept the bro- 
ken reality of human life, as the con- 
text in which God is making all things 

We can identify the themes of the 
Passion. "Yes, that clicks with the ex- 


•»*««g^— .. v \ ■ 

perience of my life." But unless we 
respond to the truth of the story, the 
truth that God has entered our bro- 
ken existence and life is changed as a 
result, then the truth is not in us and 
the story becomes a memory that only 
confirms the worst about ourselves. 

Christians live in the marvelous para- 
dox of acknowledging the most awful 
realities, in both meanings of that ad- 
jective. We're not surprised by the 
awful condition of this world; and 
we are full of awe and wonder at the 
power of redeeming love. 

What, then, are we to do with the 

Let it become truth. 

We cannot evade the passion themes 
of our own day— the threat of a nu- 

clear holocaust, the decline of a na- 
tional commitment to the common 
good, the erosion of commitments to 
fidelity in families, to integrity in the 
professions, the decline of a sense of 
public service in the face of a malig- 
nantly spreading selfishness. Chris- 
tians, who tell the story of the Passion, 
are realists when it comes to what 
human beings do to one another and 
to themselves. 

But because we live in the truth of 
this story, in the power of what God 
does in the midst of our brokenness, 
we are committed to changing our 
lives to conform to that deep truth. 

God is making all things new. It takes 
faith to see that amidst the wreckage 
of our generation. So it took faith for 
the centurion to proclaim that this was 
the Son of God. 

The story is told so that may make its 
truth our own. 

Christ died, for us. 

Christ lives, for us. 

So live then, in peace and courage 
and vision, that the truth of his love 
is told through the stories of our own 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is Rector of 
the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel Hill. 
This is the text of his sermon delivered 
on Palm Sunday, April 4, 1982. 

Page 6— The Communicant— April, 1982 

Stewardship talk hides need for cash 

Objects to fund-raising 
disguised as "stewardship" 

Dear Editor: 

Some thoughts about the convention 
recently held in Winston-Salem: 

That well known theologian (and song 
writer), Tom T. Hall has a song in 
which an old man tells about what he 
has learned about what is important 
in life: "Faster horses, younger wom- 
en, older whiskey, and more money." 

Now, that's a song about stewardship. 

Henry Atkins' moving talk about Sal- 
vaoran refugees has to do with stew- 

Soup kitchens, solar hot water heaters, 
land use management, clothes for mi- 
grant workers, share-a-home programs, 
food banks, nuclear disarmament (even 
Hospice)— all these are about steward- 

More money is only a part of what 
stewardship is about. It is an important 
part. But, by itself, it is not what stew- 
ardship is about. 

It seems to me that we betray our dis- 
comfort with the worldly realities im- 
plied in the term "filthy lucre" by 
cloaking our need for more money in 
fancy rhetoric. We call a drive for 
funds a "stewardship campaign" and 
we always quote some Bible verses. 

My suspicion is that the church doesn't 
do all it can, because we members do 
not give enough money. And it may 
well be a good thing to have a cam- 


paign to raise more money. But I wish 
we'd quit trying to fool people (them? 
us?) by calling our fund raising efforts 
stewardship campaigns. 


Peter Keese 

Durham, N.C. 

'No more nukes' headline 
might mislead your readers 

Dear Editor, 

In the February/March issue of The 
Communicant, the feature article de- 
scribed the recent Diocesan Conven- 
tion resolution to recommend that nu- 
clear weapons no longer be employed 
by the world's super powers. Unfor- 
tunately, the headline, "Delegates say 
no more nukes," could be misleading 
to a number of your readers who 
choose not to read the entire article. 

As you know, the subject of commer- 
cial nuclear power plants has recently 
been discussed at the national church 
level by several denominations. Your 
headline could imply that a decision 
had been reached on the future of the 

civilian use of nuclear power, which 
is needed to economically produce en- 
ergy for the world's underdeveloped 
nations in order that they may en- 
hance their economies, and increase 
their standards of living. 

Yours very truly, 

C.H. Moseley, Jr. 

Raleigh, N.C. 

Contents are excellent but 
paper reads like a zig-zag 

Dear Editor, 

I do not know to whom this letter 
should be mailed. 

I think our Diocesan publication The 
Communicant is like a zig-zag puzzle 
to read. 

I unfold it, then turn "here and 

I am proud to be a communicant of 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 
However I have seen~the Diocesan 
Monthly Publication (the Diocese of 
Upper S. C.) having been a member 
of that diocese at one time. 

Our Diocese, I believe I am correct in 
saying, is the largest Diocese in the 
Carolinas' . Can not we publish a bet- 
ter magazine? 


Jane T. McKenzie 

Laurinburg, N.C. 

P.S. I do not mean the contents— they 
are excellent. 

Errors noted in report on 
nuclear arms race resolution 

Dear Editor: 

I read with great interest the February/ 
March issue of The Communicant 
and, with apologies, wish to pick at 
one article. 

On page 16, your article about nuclear 
weapons stated that a resolution pre- 
sented by Bart Sherman regarding nu- 
clear weapons was approved with little 
opposition. This is simply not correct. 
A substitute motion which was pro- 
posed by Ned Hardison at the Resolu- 
ions Committee meeting Friday night 
was the motion that was approved 
with little opposition. 

On page 1, in the first paragraph, you 
correctly said that the resolution called 
for the elimination of all nuclear weap- 
ons and yet the article, as written, 
seemed to imply that we were to stop 
where we were. There is a big differ- 
ence in abolishing all nuclear weapons 
and calling for a nuclear freeze. For 
example, I would vote for the former, 
but not for the latter. 

On page 16, second paragraph, you al- 
so stated that the complete text pf the 
resolution could be found on page 10. 
In reality it is on page 12. 

Now that I am through picking, please 
let me tell you that I really enjoy The 


J.E. Sebrell 

Charlotte, N.C. 

Women face a crisis of identity 

By Mary Harris 

In 1881, when the Diocese of North 
Carolina included the entire state, the 
Rt. Rev. Theodore Lyman, Diocesan 
Bishop, appointed Mrs. John Wilkes 
of Charlotte to form a Diocesan or- 
ganization of women. The first annual 
meeting of the organization was held 
in Tarboro with 5 parishes repre- 
sented. Today there are 89 active 
branches and in the 100 years that 
have passed, the role of women in 
the church has changed from "aux- 
iliary" status to a more equal relation- 
ship. Only a few years ago, the only 
woman allowed on the floor of this 
convention was the President of the 
Churchwomen. She was escorted to 
the lectern while all the men stood 
politely, she delivered her report and 
was escorted off the floor. 

Today, there are quite a few women 
attending this convention as delegates 
and alternates. A majority of them 
received their initial leadeship train- 
ing through the Episcopal Church- 
women's organization. 

In the past year, as in the prior 100 
years, the Churchwomen contributed 
their money, time, and talents to the 
mission and ministry of this church. 

The local programs of outreach in- 
itiated by the Churchwomen and sup- 
ported by them are often the primary 
outreach programs in the parish. In 
1981 the ECW contributed more than 
$145,000 to such programs. 

Nationally, the United Thank Offer- 
ing, which is an offering of thanks 
from the women, topped the $2 mil- 
lion mark for a one year period. ECW 
members of our diocese contributed 
over $47,000 of that total. 

The Diocese of North Carolina receiv- 
ed 3 grants from the U.T.O. One to 
Food Bank in Cary, one to the Shelter 
for Battered Women in Rocky Mount, 
and to the Share-A-Home in Albe- 
marle. There were only 9 grants 
awarded in the Fourth Province and 
we received 3— this speaks well for 
the calibre of programs being initiated 
in our Diocese. 

As Bishop Fraser noted, the ECW has 
paid over 80 % of their $100,000 
pledge for a cottage at the Conference 
Center. Their fund raising is creative 
and enthusiastic. We expect to pay 
our pledge in less than the 4 year per- 
iod. This pledge is in addition to the 
Women's personal donations and con- 
tributions given through their parish 

The ECW is aware of the needs of 
many of our members who are em- 
ployed outside the home. These 
women often feel apart from the 
mainstream of the church. We have 
offered two programs particularly 
geared to their schedules and other 
programs are in the planning stage. 

The ECW continues to provide re- 
treats, seminars, and conferences for 
enrichment and inspiration. 




The role of women has broadened in 
the past 100 years. None of us, men, 
women, or children, has been unaf- 
fected by this change. The whole fa- 
bric of life and the family as a force 
in our society is involved in the crisis 
of identity that is facing women. 

Women often feel guilty if they 
choose a career instead of a family— if 
they choose to remain at home and 
raise families they feel guilt over that 
choice. They are led to believe they 
must be "super" moms, super career 
women, super sex symbols in order 
to achieve equality. No wonder they 
have guilt feelings! Remember the TV 
ad that showed the beautiful girl fry- 
ing bacon then dressed in a suit car- 
rying a briefcase going off to her ex- 
ecutive position in the marketplace, 
and next seen in a sexy dress singing 
and dancing in a seductive manner- 
— when have you ever seen a man 
pictured in an ad like that? 

In a thousand subtle ways, women 
are made to feel they have to do 
more or be more to prove their 
equality. Today more women are 
alcoholics and drug addicts than ever 
before. The numbers of abused 
women and deserted women are ris- 
ing. Alcoholism, drug dependency, 
and wife abuse cut across all socio-e- 
conomic and educational back- 

The Churchwomen are alert to these 
changes, frustrations, problems and 
tensions felt by all of us. 

Does the whole church not have a 
responsibility to respond to the pro- 
blems facing women and their fami- 
lies? Does the church not have the 
responsibility to see that women 
receive equal protection under the 
law? Does the church care? And who 
is the church? You and me. 

As we give thanks for the women 
who served the church in the past 
100 years, we look forward with ex- 
citement to the challenge of the next 
century. We have a vision of what 
the church can be in the world and 
we will continue to make a differ- 
ence! The church will be strength- 
ened and enriched as women are ac- 
cepted as more equal partners in the 
life of this Episcopal church. 

Mary Harris, President of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of the Diocese, originally 
delivered this address before the 166th 
Diocesan Convention in January. 

The Communicant— April, 1982— Page 7 




















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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 


Volume 72, No. 4 

Evans gets national post 

time in more than a decade, the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina will have a 
voice in the highest policy-making 
councils of the Episcopal Church. 

As a result of action taken during the 
Synod of the Fourth Province at Ka- 
nuga in early June, Scott Evans will 
become a member of the Executive 
Council of the General Convention, 
and will fake her seat when it meets 
in November. A past-president of the 
diocesan ECW, Evans is the Senior 
Warden of St. Stephen's Church in 

Evans was chosen by the majority of 

ECW battles over issues 

By Terry Wall 

TARBORO-Dissent as well as unity 
marked the 100th Annual Meeting of 
the Episcopal Churchwomen held at 
Calvary Church here in late April. 

Unity was evident in the enthusiasm 
which greeted the announcement that 
the churchwomen had raised more 
than $100,000 for the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit, thus ex- 
ceeding their pledge made three years 

But vigorous dissent over proposed 
resolutions concerned with nuclear 
disarmament and abortion spilled be- 
yond the limits of the legislative ses- 
sion and set the tone for the emotion- 
filled meeting. 

In a session marked by strenuous 
and, at times, heated debate, dele- 
gates approved legislation: 

recalling for ECW members to ac- 
WJ tively "research, prepare and re- 
view appropriate proposed legislation 
and publish reports concerning wom- 
en, children and the family" and to 
support the work of the North Caroli- 
na Center for Laws Affecting Women; 

r^urging the President and Congress 
Wj to allocate funds for research in 
renewable energy sources and forma- 
tion of a "feasible plan for safe con- 
tainment of existing nuclear waste;" 

recalling upon the State Legislature 
WJ to "take whatever measures are 
necessary to remove the drunken dri- 
ver from our highways, including the 
enactment of mandatory sentencing 

A resolution supporting ECW mem- 
bership in the North Carolina Reli- 
gious Coalition for Abortion Rights 
was opposed by a number of speak- 
ers at an open hearing held the night 
before the legislative session, and was 

not reported out of committee. 

A resolution calling upon ECW mem- 
bers "to work to end the nuclear 
arms race" was defeated by a vote of 
96-76, after extensive and impassion- 
ed debate over the advisability or 
halting, or even slowing the buildup 
of nuclear arms. 

More than 200 delegates representing 
chapters throughout the diocese gath- 
erd in Tarboro for the festive celebra- 
tion of the 100th anniversary of the 
founding of the ECW in North 

Mary Harris opened the meeting with 
her final address as President. In 
thanking the delegates for the honor 
of serving them, Harris explained that 
her three years in office had helped 
raise her awareness of the problems 
which women face. 

"My increased awareness of the pro- 
blems of women worldwide assures 
me that the ECW will have to take a 
stand," Harris said. "You don't have 
to go to the third world to see women 
treated unjustly and inequitably by 
custom and the law.' 

The agenda that followed confronted 
Episcopal women of the diocese with 
the need to inform themselves, take 
stands and speak out on issues which 
have not been standard fare at past 
ECW meetings. 

Speaking during a panel discussion on 
"Women and the Law", Rep. Bertha 
Mell Holt (D- Alamance), an Episcopa- 
lian and one of only 19 women in the 
North Carolina legislature, said plain- 
ly what other speakers, homilists and 
ECW officers merely suggested. 

"The political process offers the 
greatest opportunity for solving prob- 
lems," the senator said. 'If you don't 
act, someone else will." 

The Rt. Rev. Alexander Stewart, 

Bishop of Western Massachusetts 
preached upon the cost of discipleship 
at the Tuesday evening eucharist. 

Following the sermon, Bishop Fraser 
celebrated the eucharist, assisted by 
the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill, Bishop 
Coadjutor of the diocese. 

The Wednesday morning program 
included a tribute to "The First Hun- 
dred Years" by archivist Jacquelin 
Drane Nash, and reports on migrant 
ministry and the work of the 
Diocesan Commission on Alcoholism. 

The centennial meeting ended with 
remarks by two diocesan leaders who 
will be guiding the ECW in the year 

Estill, who becomes Diocesan Bishop 
in January, reminded the church- 
women that "the church is about life, 
not death." 

"So we have a responsibility to use 
God-given things for life and not 

The nuclear arms race, liberation the- 
ology and human sexuality would be 
among the issues which would re- 
quire their attention as they started 
their second century, Estill said. 

The incoming President, May Col- 
eman, closed the strife-torn meeting 
that "pain and disillusionment are 
signs that Jesus needs us." 

"I am looking forward to joining 
hands with you to bring love and 
help to a burdened world." 

Acting on the recommendation of the 
Nominating Committee, delegates elec- 
ted the following officers by unani- 
mous vote: Mary Rinehart, Treasurer- 
elect; Sarah Hartpence, Secretary; Han- 
na Kitchin, Secretary of Christian Edu- 
cation; Colleen Hartsoe, Secretary of 
Promotion; and Marianne Aiken, Chair- 
man of the Northwest Convocation. S 

the delegates of the Synod to serve on 
the Executive Council as one of two 
representatives of Province IV. 

"I feel honored to have been selected 
to serve in this office on behalf of the 
Fourth Province," Evans said, when- 
informed of her election. "I hope to 
prove myself worthy of their confi- 

She will join the Rev. Alan Bartlett, 
Dean of Christ Church Cathedral in 
Louisville, who has been serving as 
the provincial representative since 
1979. Evans succeeds outgoing rep- 
resentative Kit Caffey, whose term 


Soup kitchens 
ease hard times 

DURHAM— They silently straggle in 
the side door one by one. Hungry, 
sometimes cold and always down on 
their luck, they seek out the church 
for a hot meal. And every Monday 
through Friday, cups of soup, sand- 
wiches and milk or coffee await 
them, thanks to volunteers who care. 

Volunteers, ranging in age from 13 tc 
over 80, gave 4,300 hours of their 
time in 1981 to prepare and serve 
meals at Saint Phillip's community 
kitchen here. Retirees, housewives, 
Boy Scouts and Duke University stu- 
dents have all worked together pre- 
paring sandwiches, chopping vegeta- 
bles for soup and pouring cups of cof- 
fee since the kitchen in Saint Philip's 
Episcopal Church opened its doors 
two and a half years ago. 

"Many of the people who come here 
prefer to remain anonymous, and we 
make no attempt to find out their 
identities," says Betsy Rollins, direc- 
tor of the community kitchen and its 
only paid staff member. They need 
only ask to be served. 

And they do ask. The #& 
community kitchen at- 
tracted 30 people per 
day when it began. It now 
serves up to 200 people 
every weekday. Nor is 
food the only thing pro- 
vided by St. Philip's. A 
congenial and informal 



St. Mary's Church celebrates one 
hundred years of faithful service 

SPEED— Members of St. Mary's Church In 
Speed celebrated the congregation's centen- 
nial anniversary in May with a service 
attended by more than 225 members, 
friends and former parishioners. 

The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, Bishop 
of North Carolina, and the Rev. Grant 
Polmsbee, former minister, were special 
guests of the congregation. The Rev. Noah 
Howard led the service, and the Rev. Parker 
Marks preached the sermon. 

St. Mary's Mission was founded through 
the efforts of Ida Staton, who started a Sun- 
day School in Grange Hall with the help of 
the Ruv. Walter J. Smith, then Rector of 
Calvary Parish in Tarboro. 

The Sunday School was so successful that 
a subscription list was started to raise the 
necessary funds to erect a chapel. Work on 
a 25-by-40 foot building with a recessed 
chancel and vestry room was begun in 
October, 1882. The cost of the chapel was 

Capitol city churches host June 
ordination services for Shows, Smith 

RALEIGH— St. Mark's Church and Good 
Shepherd hosted services in June in which 
two Raleigh-area Episcopalians were or- 
dained to the deaconate by the Rt. Rev. 
Robert W. Estill. 

In a service at the Church of the Good Shep- 
herd, L. Murdock Smith HE was ordained 
deacon on June 16. The Rev. Stephen D. 
Harris, Assistant to the Rector at Good 
Shepherd, was the preacher for the service, 
and Estill was the celebrant. 

A graduate of the Episcopal Seminary of the 
Southwest in Austin, Texas, Smith has been 
called to serve as Assistant to the Rector of 
St. Mary's Church in High Point. 

William Derek Shows was ordained to the 
deaconate on June 29, at an evening service 
held at St. Mark's Church. The Rev. Thomas 
D. Bowers, Rector of St. Bartholomew's 
Church in New York, was the preacher for 
the service. Shows was ordained by Estill, 
who was also the celebrant for the service. 

A graduate of the Anglican Studies pro- 
gram of the General Theological Seminary 
in New York, Shows will remain in his 
current position as Associate Professor of 
Psychology at the Duke Medical Center in 
Durham, while he serves as deacon-in- 
training at St. Mark's. 

Diocesan conference center notes 
a year of growth and development 

BROWNS SUMMIT— After one year, 142 
conferences and 13,870 meals, the dio- 
cese's new Conference Center looks like a 

Opened a year ago in April, the Center has 
provided conference faculties for everything 
from parish and diocesan organizations to 
corporate groups and the state Dental 
Health Conference. 

Almost 5,000 people have made use of the 
Center for everything from one-day events 
to long weekend conferences, and the 1983 
schedule is filling up rapidly, according to 
Center staff. 

The recreational facilities have been up- 
graded since the opening of the Center by 
the addition of two hard surfaced tennis 
courts, and the construction of a swimming 
and boating area on the lake front. 

After a year and a half of industrious 
efforts on behalf of the Center, Executive 
Director John C. Cosby recently resigned 
his position to pursue other career inter- 
ests, and a search committee is now screen- 
ing applicants for the post. 

Oxford churches selected as subjects 
for national study of small parishes 

OXFORD— The shared congregations of St. 
Stephen's and St. Cyprian's here have been 
selected by the Episcopal Church's Stand- 
ing Commission on the Church in Small 
Communities to participate in a special 
study of vitality in small churches. 

The shared ministry of the two congrega- 
tions and their focus on outreach to the 
community and the diocese were among 
the factors leading to their selection. 

The two Oxford churches join nine other 
congregations which were chosen to take 
part in the project after a nationwide sur- 
vey of Episcopal bishops turned up 60 nom- 
inations. The smallest congregation in the 
project has an average Sunday attendance 
of 28 and the largest 139. Each participa- 
ting church was recommended by the dioce- 
san bishop. 

Results of the research will be published 
in a book of case studies on the individual 
parishes focusing on history, ministry to 
the Body and the world, significant events 
in the life of each congregation, and rela- 
tionships with diocesan leadership. The 
book will be published by Jethro Publica- 
tions and distributed at General Convention 
in September. 

In a letter explaining the nature of the pro- 
ject, the research team noted that "we are 
a church rich in heritage, innovation, sta- 
bility, change, nurture and outreach; and 
we find all of it in small congregations." 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Graphics Production Manager: Julia Zeigler 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

General Convention news updates 
to be available through "Newsphone" 

NEW ORLEANS— Up to the minute reports 
of General Convention news will be availa- 
ble for the cost of a telephone call, thanks 
to a special effort by the Episcopal Church's 
Diocesan Press Service. 

Recorded news summaries will be available 
24 hours a day beginning Sunday, Septem- 
ber 5, and running through Wednesday, 
September 15. The message will be changed 
daily at 6:00 p.m. New Orleans time, and 
more often if appropriate. The number for 
"Newsphone" is S04/B87-6B10. 

In addition, the South Central Bell Tele- 
phone Company is providing a Telephone 
Message Center which will make it possible 
to contact people at Convention. Messages 
may be left during the day by calling the 
Message Center at 804/887-6888. People at 
Convention will have to check the Center 
at the Registration Area in Rivergate Hall 
for messages. 

Gallup survey technique and results 
assailed by National Church officer 

NEW YORK— The Episcopal Church has 
not "lost one-third of its membership in 
little over a decade," was the reply made 
by official Church sources to an allegation 
made recently by George Gallup. 

Commenting on a recent Washington press 
conference staged by the Prayer Book Soci- 
ety at which the pollster, George Gallup, 
made the disputed claim, the Rev. John A. 
Schultz, called the charge "ridiculous." 

"George Gallup calls anyone an Episcopa- 
lian who so designates himself in respond- 
ing to his questions." When the number so 
responding declines, Schultz charged, Gal- 
lup says the Church has declined. Schultz is 
Director of Management Information Sys- 
tems and Cheif Statistical Officer at the 
Episcopal Church Center in New York. 

"For years, Gallup has projected a much 
larger membership than the clergy have 
listed on their annual parochial reports," 
Schultz explained. "We count only active 
Episcopalians, and poll only their opin- 

According to official records, Schultz said, 
the Episcopal Church has indeed partici- 
pated in the overall membership decline 
suffered by mainline denominations in re- 
cent years. In any ten-year period, how- 
ever, since membership peaked in 1966, 
the loss of active members never totalled 
more than 15%. 

Of even more concern to Church officials 
is Gallup's claim that the decline seems to 
be directly linked to changes in Church lit- 
urgy and practice, and an ideological gap 
between clergy and laity. 

"Gallup could justify such speculation only 
if he had interviewed those who have be- 
come inactive," Schultz charged. "There is 
no question." he added, "that there is, as 
there has always been, some tension within 
the Church. And, as in the past, those who 
seek security in fixed words will become 
uncomfortable with Anglicanism. A genera- 
tion ago, a backlash of economic boycotts 
swept the Church, presumably because of 
dissatisfaction with changes in attitudes in 
the Church toward racial justice and other 
social Issues. But today, while healthy con- 
troversy still continues, the economic base 
of church support has become wider and 
deeper," Schultz said. 

"Contributions have slightly outpaced in- 
flation and per capita stewardship levels 
are up. This indicates that at least some of 

the people lost in recent years were not fullj 
supportive or active." 

In conclusion, Schultz called attention to a 
recent "Profile of Episcopalians" which, he 
said, "used a prodigiously larger data base 
than Gallup," and "being limited to active 
Episcopalians, presents a substantially dif- 
ferent pattern of opinions and attitudes 
within the Church." 

That survey, commissioned by the Commit- 
tee on the State of the Church of the Gener- 
al Convention, represents an effort to up- 
date a comprehensive Profile of Episcopa- 
lians presented to thhe 1979 Convention. 

The Profile, which will be available at the 
upcoming General Convention in New Or- 
leans, was conducted by selecting 2,000 
names at random from lists of some 65,000 
Episcopalians in hundreds of parishes 
chosen on a percentage basis equal to the 
membership strength in various parts of 
the country. With nearly a thousand fully- 
completed replies, 90% by mail and 10% 
by telephone, the results are comparable 
to those achieved by any reputable national 
poll, and accurate within 4 percentage 
points in 95 out of 100 cases, according to 


;: ; 

Presiding Bishop issues appeal for 
emergency relief for Lebanon crisis 

NEW YORK— Presiding Bishop John M. Allin 
has called on the people of the Episcopal 
Church to give generously to a special 
appeal for Lebanon in a letter to diocesan 
bishops dated June 21. 

"With a sense of great urgency and person- 
al concern," he wrote to Episcopalians, "I 
am issuing a special humanitarian appeal to 
the people and friends of our Church in re- 
sponse to the extreme physical suffering 
and continuing tragedy of war in Leba- 

The contributions are being channeled 
through the Church's Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief , and will be distrib- 
uted through two types of agencies, accord- 
ing to Allin. One will be churches and 
church agencies through which contribu- 
tions have been made in the past, such as 
the Anglican Church in the Diocese of 
Jerusalem, which encompasses Lebanon, 
and the Middle East Council of Churches, 
which is headquartered in Beruit. 

Additional distributions will be funneled 
through public and private voluntary relief 
organizations now active in Lebanon, such 
as the International Committee of the Red 
Cross, OXFAM, TJNICEF and other agencies 
of the United Nations. 

In his letter, Allin noted that casualties in 
Lebanon have been enormous in the wake 
of the Israeli invasion on June 6. In the en- 
suing confusion, it has been difficult to ar- 
rive at an accurate total for the casualties 
to date, but various estimates of the number 
of displaced persons range from 600,000 to 
one million. Thousands of civilians have 
been killed, as well as untold numbers of 
Israeli, Palestinian and Syrian combat- 

Allin wTote out of his concern for those 
"who have been left homeless and have lost 
all means of livelihood with which o feed 
and support their families." 

Allin asked the clergy of the Church to 
mobilize their congregations and friends 
and to come to the aid of the stricken Leba- 
nese through contributions to the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund. Contributions may be sent 
to the Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief, 815 Second Avenue, New York, N.Y. 
10017, marked for "Lebanon Special Ap- 

Page 2— The Communicant— May/June 1982 

A peaceful shelter from the storm 

By Cecile Holmes White 



unpredictable weather that is 
precisely spring when I embark 
on my journey. Curiousity and 
the promise of a brief interlude away 
from the cloister of city life prompt 
me to go. 

Minor questions about lightweight ver- 
sus heavier clothing settled, I strike 
out, equipped with notebook and cam- 
era. A few miles down the road, iro- 
ny overtakes me as I find my first 
landmark on this back-to-nature ex- 
cursion is a glistening testimonial to 
modern Americana— a fast-food res- 

The view soon improves, though, as 
numbered highways give way to twist- 
ing country road that dwindles to a 
slightly dusty thoroughfare. Gradually, 
it leads me around its crooked bends 
to my destination. 

There a rural mailbox heralds what 
awaits me. Carefully painted on both 
sides of its cylindrical metal body is 
one word: Recompense— a name with 
a history, and one appropriately be- 
stowed upon a place still carving its 
own destiny. 

The dream of Recompense is "many 
years old" for Bill and Cathy Coolidge. 
Starting a farm and retreat center that 
would allow them to return to a more 
basic style of existance and also pro- 
vide a place for others to "get away 
from it all' ' is a goal the couple have 
shared for a long time, probably ever 
since they first needed such a place 

Cathy explains that the story behind 
the name is a simple one, dating back 
10 years to a time when the Coolid- 
ges themselves faced an uncertain fu- 
ture and needed a place to rest, to re- 
flect. Several weeks into a camping 
trip around the northeastern United 
States, the couple and their young 
children arrived at a quiet place of 
hospitality, a campsite along the coast 
of Maine. 

In a newsletter on the center, Cathy 
writes that the experience of the 
Maine campground has stayed with 
them ever since. "This place, named 
Recompense," she says, "offered re- 
spite for us, and the memories of the 
peace it offered us have remained 
there all these years." 

Recreating that special sense of relax- 
ation, quiet and serenity at their 12- 
acre farm/retreat center along the 
Rocky River in Chatham County has 
plunged the Coolidge family into a 
series of hands-on learning experi- 
ences. They've experimented with 
splitting logs, using a radial saw, re- 
furbishing the more than 100-year-old 
farmhouse that houses guests to Re- 
compense, and even designed their 
own passive solar home, and then ap- 
prenticed themselves to the more 
skilled workers they hired to com- 
plete it. 

situations was the lack of emphasis on 
manual labor. 

"That, then, I guess, is a definition of 
healing for me— the integration of 
manual labor, rest and emotional and 
spiritual counseling," he says. 

Meanwhile, Cathy, 36 and a part-time 
social worker who places foster child- 
ren with Chatham County families, 
says operating the center has allowed 
her to fulfill an old dream. Ever since 
the Coolidge 's 6-year-old daughter, 
Robin, died in 1976, after a long bat- 
tle with cystic fibrosis, Cathy says she 
has realized people often just need a 
place to get away after they've lived 
through a crisis. Most merely need a 
place where they can be alone with 
counseling help available if neeeded. 

What is unique about the Coolidge 's 
retreat center is their own low-key 

We think that 

it's just kind 

of a magic 

place. You 

never know 

who' s going to 


Cathy and Bill Coolidge 

Bill, a 39-year-old Episcopal priest 
who works part-time with St. Bar- 
tholomew's Church in Pittsboro, says 
operating Recompense has met his 
own need to blend physical work and 
spiritual refreshment. Formerly the 
pastor of parishes in such 
places as Cary and Chapel 
Hill, he says the missing 
link for him in earlier 

philosophy. With extensive experi- 
ence in counseling and group leader- 
ship, both separately and as a team, 
the couple willingly work with Re- 
compense visitors who need help. 
They're also prepared, however, to 
just provide the place— and the 
peace —letting guests go their 
own way. 

Since they first began welcoming visi- 
tors last fall, the Coolidges have had 
guests seeking assorted experiences. 
Some come for a few days of quiet at 
the rustic farmhouse. Others bring 
their children for a picnic and float 
down the Rocky River in a canoe. Still 
others struggle with a personal prob- 
lem with Bill and Cathy's help. 

Groups also have visited the center, 
some for brief workshops they have 
planned themselves, others to partici- 
pate in special events planned by the 
Coolidges around seasons of the year 
and the cycles of life through which 
each person passes. They had a Sun- 
day gathering called "Winter Celebra- 
tion" and a day of meditation on the 
"Seeds of Spring" in March. 

For Bill and Cathy, Recompense is 
meant to be a permanent home. Mich- 
igan natives who met while serving in 
the Peace Corps, the couple have 
lived in several places since marrying 
when both were in their early twen- 
ties. "When we moved here, I told all 
my family to write it (the address) in 
ink!" Cathy says with a grin. 

With their schedules arranged so that 
the center is open Tuesday thru Sun- 
day (both are gone on Mondays), the 
Coolidges hope the visitors will con- 
tinue to come and that Recompense 
itself will grow. 

Both have a special sense of what 
they hope to provide. With a thought- 
ful look in his eyes, Bill says, "If you 
just provide the place and the possi- 
bilities, a lot of things will happen." 

As she surveys the lush greenery of 
the Rocky River land, Cathy's voice 
takes on a mystical note. She says, "I 
think, overall, it's just kind of a magic 
place. You never know who's 
going to come."ff 

The Communicant— May/June 1982— Page 2 


expires with the upcoming General 

The Council consists of 44 members: 
24 of whom are elected by the Gener- 
al Convention, 18 by the Church's 
nine internal provinces along with the 
Presiding Bishop and the President of 
the House of Deputies. Between the 
triennial meetings of the General Con- 

vention, it is the Council which sets 
policy and developes programs for the 
national Church. 

It's a good thing her new responsibil- 
ities won't begin until November, 
since Evans has her hands full right 
now as chairman of the committee re- 
sponsible for the program of the up- 
coming Triennial Meeting of the Wo- 
men of the Episcopal Church, which 

will be held concurrenetly with Gen- 
eral Convention in September. 

Active at all levels of the Church, 
Evans is no stranger to national office, 
having served as the provincial repre- 
sentative to the Program and Planning 
Committee for the 1982 Triennial 
since 1979. She brings to her new 
post a wide range of experience and 
an intimate knowledge of the Church 

gained from years of service at virtu- 
ally every level of responsibility open 
to the laity. 

The following profile captures much 
of the spirit of this dynamic woman 
who will soon take her place on the 
Executive Council of the national 
Church. Her unique combination of 
committment, experience and ability 
make her a natural for the job. S 

By Lynn Jaluvka 

Now is a time of great po- 
tential for women in the 
church, Scott Evans is con- 
vinced. After a lifetime of 
watching women struggle for stronger 
roles in the Episcopal Church, this 
Durham woman is now a leader of 
church women who have new poten- 

The Episcopal Churchwomen (ECW) 
are readying for flight into the main- 
stream of church, social, and political 
life, Evans says, and she is excited by 
the possibilities. 

"We worked for 50 years to get a 
vote in the church," Evans said re- 
cently at her Regent Road home. 
"Every three years, the women sent a 
resolution to the general convention 
asking for a vote. Every year, the con- 
vention said 'no.' 

"It's incredible to me," Evans con- 
tinued, "that only in 1970 were the 
first women— 24 of them, among some 
1,500 chairs— seated in the church 
governing body, the General Conven- 

The convention meets every three 
years to legislate for the Episcopal 
church. It is composed of two houses: 
the House of Deputies and the House 
of Bishops. 

Evans herself had voting power in 
1979 as a deputy in the male-dom- 
inated General Convention. 

She gave that up— though not unhap- 
pily—when she was elected a mem- 
ber of the ECW 1982 Triennial Com- 
mittee and, later its chairman. Her 
new job: steering the plans for the 
next meeting, set for September 1982 
in New Orleans, La. 

Held separately, but simultaneously 
in the same city is the ECW Triennial 
Meeting. Triennial has no legislative 
power, but does send resolutions ex- 
pressing its views to the Conventions. 

Just three years before had been the 
landmark convention of 1976, which 
voted to approve the ordination of 
women to the priesthood. Evans was 
a delegate to the Triennial in Min- 
neapolis, but she sat in on the con- 
vention vote on this volatile issue. 

"I think that probably stands out as 
the most moving experience of my 
life, as far as the church is 
concerned," she said. "Everyone 
there was aware of the presence of 
God at that meeting. Delegates stood 
and prayed for five minutes before 
voting on the issue. You could feel 
the presence of God, the hope and 
guidance that were present." 

Then the hard work of using that 
new-found freedom, in a world that 



to take 
a stand 

still expected priests to be men, 

"We see most of them (female priests) 
become assistants. But when a church 
gets ready to call a priest, it has the 
freedom to choose whomever it wants. 
It's a question of whether or not the 
church is responsive to a woman rec- 
tor," Evans said. 

"It's a hard road," she added. "Wom- 
en are ordained with expectations 
that are not being met at this point in 

women clergy now are main- 
ly in chaplaincy programs at 
hospitals, prisons, mental in- 
stitutions, colleges, and the like. To- 
kenism—one woman on a committee- 
is another hurdle yet to be cleared 
completely, Evans believes. 

So, with the uphill battle continuing 
for women, why did Evans relinquish 
her vote in the General Convention? 

Because there is freer expression and 
exchange of ideas in the ECW, Evans 
says. And, while the convention 
makes laws, the ECW takes care of 

"We are not afraid to take a stand," 
Evans said. "The church sometimes 
has a hesitancy. The women usually 
speak forcefully on the issues." 

She also believes that training church 
leaders at the grassroots level is some- 
thing the ECW, with its emphasis on 
education and consiousness raising, is 
well-equipped to do. 

That leadership will be needed if the 
church is to enter the world and be- 
come influential in it. 'Go forth into 
the world,' Evans said, will be the 
main theme of the Triennial Meeting. 

Spokesmen addressing the issues of 
spiritual growth, the family and the 
environment will include Dr. Tilden 
Edwards, director of the Shalom In- 
stitute, Washington, D.C.; Dr. John 
Westerhoff III of Duke University 
Divinity School; and the Very Rev. 
Herbert O'Driscoll, dean of Christ 
Church Cathedral, Vanouver, Canada. 

Workshops on women and alcholism, 
helping refugees, dealing with people 
in power, setting up food banks and 
taking stands on land use, are also 

Church and civic activities have ab- 

sorbed Evan's time and energy for 

of three children, Evans 
stayed home until her 
daughter, Scottie, now a 
senior at University of North Carolina 
at Chapel Hill, entered her junior year 
in high school. When her husband 
Haywood retired from Liggett-Myers 
and she became president of the 
ECW in the diocese, roles reversed. 

"I spent all these years waving good- 
bye to him in the driveway. Now it's 
the other way around. I go out in the 
mornings and he waves to me." 

Volunteerism is a family tradition. 

Evans was active in the Red Cross for 
several years, in "the early days of 
the blood program." 

That ended when her church involv- 
ment left her overcommitted, how- 
ever. She currently serves locally as 
senior warden of the vestry at St. 
Stephen's Episcopal Church; on the 
diocesan council, the Commission for 
the Ministry of the diocese, and the 
board of the Episcopal Center for 
Continuing Education; as lay reader 
and a licensed chalice bearer. 

It was about the time she thought 
she'd make more time for her family 
and less for the church that she was 
asked to chair the Triennial Commit- 

"I was just ending my term as presi- 
dent of the church women for the di- 
ocese," Evans said. "...I was worried 
about my family. I had been extrem- 
ly busy for the past three years." 

She was reluctant to accept a nomi- 
nation for the 1982 Triennial Com- 
mittee chairmanship. 

"I went into the chapel that morning. 
I really didn't want it. I prayed that 
one of the people who wanted it 
would get it," she said. 

Her election, above six other nomi- 
nees, came as a palpable spiritual 
call to service. 

"I felt a real committment. I felt that 
this was what I was supposed to do, ' ' 
she recalled. 

And as the work before her thickens, 
Evans says she feel optimistic about 
the church and the world. 

"It's an interesting time to be at work 
in the church," she said. "I see the 
problems, but I also see great 

This article originally appeared in the 
Durham Sun, and is reprinted with 

Page 4— The Communicant— May/June 1982 

Reviewed by Harrison Simons 

John Knox Press announces a new Bi- 
ble Commentary series called Interpre- 
tation, edited by James Mays, Patrick 
Miller and Paul Achtemeier. The first 
two volumes now out are Genesis by 
Walter Brueggemann; and Galatians 
by Charles Cousar. Genesis retails at 
23.95; Galatians at 13.95. 

Westiminister Press announces the Li- 
brary of Living Faith, a series for lay- 
persons and study groups. It is similar 
in idea to the Layman's Theological Li- 
brary of the 1950s. Of the first four 
to be published in late April, the most 
appealing to me is Marianne Mick's 
Joy of Worship. Price will probably be 
5.95 paperback. 

Congregations in the Diocese of West- 
ern North Carolina have been using 
Lay Sheparding by Rudolph Grantham. 
It is full of suggestions and ideas for 
training lay persons to visit and be 
more sensitsive to the special needs of 
those they call on, especially the sick 
or bereaved. Judson Press, $4.50 paper. 

If you have a family member (parish 
or personal) with Parkinson's Disease, 
a friend introduced me to a new book 
for understanding: Parkinson's A Pa- 
tient's View by Sydney Dorros. (Seven 

Locks Press 9.95) I wish it had been 
available earlier when I had a person- 
al need for such help. 

Alan Jones, who wrote Journey Into 
Christ, has a new book, Exploring Spir- 
itual Directions, which he sees rooted 
in our relationship to God and to one 
another through "friendship in 
Christ." It looks promising, even at 
12.95 cloth, 160 pp. 
(Seabury Press 

Seabury Press has 
done an admirable 
job in its Spring se- 
lections. John Wester- 
hoff and John Euden 
share a dialogue on 
The Spiritual Life: Learn 
ing East and West. The 
Rt. Rev. John Burgess, 
in a series of sermons 
and addresses, recalls 
the history of what 
black clergy have said in the life of 
our church, in Black Gospel/White 
Church (7.95 paper). John Kater and 
illustrator Nancy Willard have put to- 
gether a second "Epistle Book" for 
young Christians, about the Church 
and Holy Communion in Another Let- 
ter of John to James (paper, 4.95). The 
exiled Bishop of Iran, H.B. Dehquani- 
Tafti, has written a biography of his 

early life from Moslem to Christian 
(paper, 4.95) 

Joy Comes With The Morning by Wil- 
liam Kinnaird is a book of shear in- 
spirational readings for caring of self 
and others. Each short chapter is 
based on one aspect of Christian con- 
cern and love with helpful excerpts 
by other Christian thinkers (Word, 
4.95 paper) 



Eerdman's has just 
published a new, illus- 
trated edition of The Pil- 
grim's Regress, the first 
book written by C.S. 
Lewis after his conver- 
sion. I am sure much of 
his own search can be 
found throughout this 
modern allegory by one 
of the most beloved of 
20th century Christian 
authors (13.95 cloth). 

Summer is a time not for just such 
serious reading as reflected above, 
but also for relaxing, even fun reading, 
and I can't wait to get my choices for 
this summer: 

• Sailing: A Dictionary for Landlub- 
bers, Old salts and Armchair Drifters 
by Henry Beard and Ray McKie. It's 

Reviewed by Steve Harris 

What Is Anglicanism? 

By the Rev. Urban T. Holmes III 
Morehouse-Barlow, 1982, 4.95 paper. 

School of Theology at the Uni- 
versity of the South, Urban 
Holmes has been dead for 
several months now, but his influence 
continues among us. 

a laugh-filled book of definitions and 
illustrations which every sailing fana- 
tic should have and which non-sailers, 
like me, will enjoy (Workman Pub., 
4.95 paper). 

• Paul Boiler Jr.'s Presidential 
Anecdodtes is full of just that! Every 
President is included and the ones 
I've read help me remember how hu- 
manthey were— and how individualis- 
tic they could be (Oxford University 
Press, 14.95 cloth). 

• Patsy Ginns' Rough Weather 
Makes Good Timber is a recollection 

of North Carolina by some of its older, 
wiser citizens. I've given it as a gift so 
many times, I'm going to claim my 
own copy again. (UNC Press, 11.50 
cloth, 6.50 paper). 

• Tidewater Dynasty: A Biographical 
Novel of the Lees of Stratford Hall by 
Carey Roberts and Rebecca Seely. 
You bet I'll read this, sitting on the 
cottage porch, twenty miles from the 
Lee home. (Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich 
13.95 cloth) 

• Plus, every Madeline L'Engle 
book I can carry, whether it be child- 
ren's or adult's. Read A Wrinkle in 
Time to your children and A Circle of 
Quiet to yourself.B 


In this most recent of his posthumous- 
ly published books, Holmes provides a 
thoughtful, provocative look at the im- 
portant elements that account for the 
distinctive mind-set that character- 
izes the Episcopal Church and defines 
our particular gifts to Christendom. 

While the book is short (95 pages), it is 
vintage Holmes. As such, the book 
lends itself well as a basic text of kick- 
off for adults Inquirer's Classes, and 
clergy and lay leaders in the Episcopal 



.here is a tendency in our system 
of electing bishops to look for someone 
who will please— someone who will 
assure us that we are all good people. 

Urban T. Holmes 

The Communicant— May/June 1982— Page 5 

Church, will find many quotable pas- 

"Clarity of authority should not be ex- 
pected—in fact, it should be suspect- 
when we are attempting to make clear 
the infinite mind of God for the finite 
minds of humankind. 

"When Anglicanism is true to its con- 
cept of authority, this apparent hesi- 
tance to say, Thus said the Lord!— 
only to have to spend the next hun- 
dred years subtlely qualifying what 
the Lord said— is not a sign of weak- 

ness, but evidence of strength and 
wisdom" Authority in the Church. 

"There is a tendency in the American 
system of electing bishops— that they 
must obtain a majority of the votes of 
both the priests and the lay delegates 
in the diocesan convention— to look 
for someone who will please. The re- 
sult can be mediocrity, even though 
the Holy Spirit has been known to 
surprise us and use persons elevated 
to the episcopate who seem to have 
very little talent to confront and call 
us to action. 

Too often, we expect our bishops, rath- 
er than calling us into a new aware- 
ness of what it means to be the people 
of God, to assure us that we are all 
good people. 

There is no question of the importance 
of the episcopate to us. The issue is 
whether or not we have the courage 
of our convictions to elect the best to 
office, even when they appear to be 
persons who will challenge us" 
The Episcopacy. 

"There are three counties in the 
United States where the majority of 
the people are Episcopalians: two in 
South Dakota and one in Wyoming. 
All three counties encompass Indian 
reservations ..." 

"... Mission is the activity of the 
church as church, not a loose confed- 
eration of individuals formed into a 
society." Mission 

Holmes' thought-provoking exploration 
of Anglicanism makes this a book fit 
for the 'thinking persons' church. 

Reviewed by John Stapert 

Inflation, Poortalk 
and the Gospel 

By Thomas Ludwig, Merold Westphal, 
Robin Klay and David Meyers. 
Judson Press. 

the Stapert household a few 
evenings ago was the writ- 
ing of a check for $180.59, 
the final payment on a Chevy pur- 
chased three years ago. For months 
we've been counting down to this fi- 
nal monthly installment. 

Before those car payments began, we 
had already felt the economic pressure 
of inflation. Imagining ourselves mod- 
est in aspirations and wondering how 
we could be exhausting the family in- 
come so rapidly, we instituted a tight 
system of accounting for expenditures 

Our son, then 10, kept the records; 
every evening he questioned me, 
"Dad, did you spend any money to- 
day?" Everything was recorded, right 
down to the 50c parking fees for oc- 
casional hospital calls. Out of sheer 
exhaustion at the effort— and some 
sense of futility— we abandoned that 
system a couple of months ago. 

Right now, of course, we have great 
hopes for the "extra" $180.59 that 
will be "left over" at the end of each 
month. Yet, there's the nagging fear 
that it will simply disappear, con- 
sumed in larger bites by cash regis- 
ters at the grocery store and gas sta- 
tion and by higher heat bills this 

science is beginning to bother me, 
for I've just read a new book by 
four Hope College professors, In- 
flation, Poortalk and the Gospel (Judson 
Press). Its authors are Thomas Lud- 
wig (developmental psychology), 
Merold Westphal (philosophy, biblical 
studies), Robin Klay (economics, labor, 
finance), and David Meyers (social 
psychology). And if you are inclined 
to match or to exceed the "poortalk" 
(conversations about how poorly we 
are doing in an inflationary economy, 
even though we are doing compara- 
tively—even strikingly— well) of my 
first three paragraphs, brace yourself 
for some stern and clear— but also 
helpful —Christian instruction on 
your personal and family finances. 

Ludwig testifies in the book's preface 
that this 112-page volume asked to be 



written. So great was the response to 
his articles (with Myers) on "poortalk" 
published in 1978 an 1979 by the Sat- 
urday Review, Christian Century, and 
Church Herald, that something more 
had to be said— this time enriched 
with expertise in economic and phil- 
osophical/theological matters. 

Two questions claim the book's pri- 
mary attention: (1) What impact does 
the current economic mess have on 
us? (2) How might Christians respond 
in ways that are both right and bene- 
ficial? Knowing some of the authors 
and their previous writings, I didn't 
exactly expect a scheme on how to 
beat inflation by ten percent and use 
my economic gains to prove that God 
likes me a lot. 

It's well that I didn't; I was sufficent- 

ly stunned by the contrast between 
my "poortalk" and their Christian 
talk without such expectations. Infla- 
tion, our reactions to it, an biblical 
guidelines are all examined— in lan- 
guage you can understand— in this lit- 
tle volume. The authors also offer a 
peek at the future. Two peeks, in fact; 
one assuming an optimistic outlook, 
the other a pessimistic one. 

Among the theses advanced by the 
book are these: 

• The emotional toll of inflation 
has been greater than the economic 
toll; consequently both morale and 
morality have been adversely affected. 

• Our perceived suffering, espe- 
cially for middle-class families, is 

way out of proportion to our actual 

• Our human tendency to overrate 
ourselves has led many people to feel 
that equal pay is, for them, inequit- 
able, since they are more deserving 
than others. 

• The "American dream" involves 
a form of greed which Jesus and ear- 
lier Christians saw as sin. 

• God does not tolerate neglect of 
the poor. 

• Both happiness and success need 
to be redefined so that they are not 
based primarily on economic wealth, 
possessions, or rewards. The authors 
offer Christian definitions. 

• Much of our behavior, both as 
individuals and as churches, must 

are amply spelled out, sup- 
ported, and illustrated. Each 
of the eight chapters of the 
book is followed by questions for per- 
sonal reflection or group discussion. If 
you're convinced by the authors' the- 
ses as I was, you'll begin to see your 
economic plight in a different light. 
If you and I both actually change our 
attitudes and some of our conduct as 
a result, inflation itself may be in for 
a tough time. Surely, our Christian 
lives are in for some growth. 

Lest you imagine that the book is re- 
pelling or that I found reading it en- 
joyable, let me hasten to say that it 
isn't and I didn't. The writing is 
smooth and spiced with cartoons and 
other illustrations. While the authors 
hit home regarding our shortcomings, 
they are not harsh or heavy-handed. 
They've obviously worked hard to 
provide understanding and assistance 
rather than condemnation. All this 
leads me to predict that if someone 
buys the book hoping for a scheme to 
beat inflation, he or she will get some- 
thing better than expected and will 
probably like it. 

For me, I now recognize at least that I 
was living in remarkable comfort, 
even luxury by most of history's 
standards, for all those months while 
the $180.59 seemed so burdensome. I 
haven't been suffering as much as I 
imagined. Now if I can get two or 
three friends to read the book and dis- 
cuss it with me, I'll have a chance to 
change my attitudes even further. ■ 

Reprinted with permission from the 
Church Herald. 

Page 6— The Communicant— May/June 1982 

Terry Wall 

From blind hearts and petty spirits... 

From pride, self-sufficiency, and the unwillingness 
to admit our need of your compassion... 

From discouragement in the face of disappoint- 
ment, and from lack of persistence and 
thoroughness. . . 

Good Lord, deliver us. 

Led by the Rev. Peter Lee, the 200 
plus delegates to the Centennial 
Meeting of the Episcopal Church- 
women began the opening session 
with a litany which included the pas- 
sages above. By the time the confer- 
ence had ended, it was clear just how 
appropriate the opening prayer had 

When the women stood together again 
for the closing hymn of the service 
marking the end of their two days 
together at Calvary Church in Tar- 
boro, they sang the familiar words 
about reconciliation traditionally at- 
tributed to St. Patrick. 

But few of them sang with the con- 
viction that their experience of the 
last two days demonstrated the bind- 
ing love and power of Christ. Never 
in their hundred-year history had a 
conference agenda so divided this 
body of women as clearly as had the 
issues which faced the delegates to 
the 100th Annual Meeting. 

Those delegates who came expecting 
to hear kudos for a century of com- 
mendable progress must have been 
surprised by the panel on the chang- 
ing status of women arranged by the 
program planners. 

Meyressa Schoonmaker told women 
that their marriages were not the le- 
gal haven they believed them' to be. 

Lauren Kirkpatrick warned that wom- 
en risk relinquishing moral and ethi- 
cal choices about their own bodies 
when they ignore the effort being 
made to outlaw abortions. 

Ann Searcy predicted that women 
will continue to be victims of econom- 
ic and legal discrimination until they 
learn to take care of themselves by 
looking out for their personal and 
political interests. 

Even before the third panelist had fin 
ished her brief address, many dele- 
gates had obviously heard enough. 
Sensing the restlessness of her audi- 
ence, Rep. B. Holt apologized for ad- 
ding to the litany of society's woes. 
But her sense of the urgent need to in- 

meeting. It represented an effort 
to engage the hearts and minds of 
women who, by virtue of their rela- 
tive privilege, do not normally en- 
counter the frequent reminders of the 
inequities suffered by the majority of 
the world's population. 

But the planners had apparently 
miscalculated. Delegates proved un- 
willing to examine their values in 
spite of these grim and disturbing sta- 

When a tally was taken at the final 
business session, women of the dio- 
cese were willing to voice their sup- 
port for the study of two pressing 
concerns: the disposal of hazardous 
waste and the elimination of sex-bias 

No one who spoke to the women 

in Tarboro was willing to spare 

them. Nowhere was there respite 

from political activism, statistics 

intended to elicit response, and 

stories told to convert the 


volve women in the political process 
would not allow her to spare her fel- 
low Episcopalians. 

No one who spoke to the women who 
gathered at Calvary Church was will- 
ing to spare them. Nowhere was there 
respite from models of political activ- 
ism, statistics intended to elicit re- 
sponse, and stories told to convert 
the skeptical. 

No words of comfort were 
offered to those who re- 
acted with fear and de- 
fensiveness to the mes- 
sage that women's roles 
were changing. 

The conference agenda 
had been set by a 
faithful and re- 
sponsive contingent 
within the leadership 
of the diocesan ECW. 
Their decision to depart 
from the unremarkable for 
mat of "meeting, eating and 
retreating" was an ambitious 
undertaking for this centennial 

in North Carolina laws. 

But when asked to take a stand" in 
favor of two resolutions supported by 
their executive board, the rank and 
file declined. When women rose to 
speak against a resolution calling for a 
freeze in the nuclear arms race, many 
in the audience applauded their pre- 
ference for inaction. And they pre- 

To complete the report of the resolu- 
tion committee, Eleanor Godfrey had 
to gavel the divided membership back 
to order. When all was quiet, she told 
them that the resolution supporting 
abortion rights would be withdrawn 
from consideration in spite of the fact 
that it had received the endorsement 
of the- executive board. Among the 
reasons she gave for the tactical shift 
was the committee's perception that 
"there is no consensus here among 

Bishop Estill, in his address which 
immediately followed the voting, pre- 
faced his remarks with an apology for 
their possible inappropriateness in 

view of the dissension which had just 
been displayed. 

He proceeded, however, to express 
unequivocally his conviction that 
Christians must practice stewardship 
of God's creation through active 
involvement in the hard decisions 
that have to be made by society. 

Aware that his comments repeated 
themes which had been questioned, if 
not rejected, by the majority of his 
listeners, he stressed that human sex- 
uality and world peace were two sub- 
jects worthy of Christian advocacy. 

Estill may have parted company with 
many of the women of his church in 
his position on the issues confronting 
this year's annual meeting. 

But in his decision to make a clean 
breast of his personal convictions, he 
may well have taken his cue from 
some of the women whose ideas dif- 
fered most radically from his own. 

They may not have been able to 
reach consensus, but the church-wom- 
en did demonstrate their willingness 
to show each other their true colors. 
If they gained nothing else from their 
time in Tarboro, they returned to 
their parishes knowing a great deal 
more about the ethical and political 
convictions of the people with whom 
they worship. They had declared them- 
selves to each other, and their bishop 
had followed their example. 

Conference planners may have gross- 
ly underestimated the time which 
most ECW members will require be- 
fore they will be willing to commit 
themselves to action on many of the 
issues that formed the agenda. And 
some delegates to the Centennial 
meeting may have departed Tarboro 
feeling discouraged that so few of 
their peers had caught their enthusi- 
asm for the causes they felt so 
undeniably just. 

None can say, however, that this 
year's delegates behaved like stereo- 
typical churchwomen. On the con- 
trary, those who gather to conduct 
business at future diocesan meetings 
may never again be content to "meet, 
eat and retreat." 

The first hundred years of North Car- 
olina's Episcopal Churchwomen has 
been written up as a history of wom- 
en's work. If the recent convention is 
any indication, the next century has 
begun with the promise of women's 
growth. S 

The Communicant— May/June 1982— Page 7 

Strength from surprising sources 

By Peter James Lee 

They're easy to dismiss. Some call 
them "flakes." Others chuckle at the 
predictable tactics of Chapel Hill acti- 
vists: bumper stickers protesting this 
or that, petitions, vigils outside the 
post office. 

Since its earliest days, Chapel Hill has 
been a magnet, drawing visionaries 




and protesters from around the state 
and elsewhere. When the General As- 
sembly was considering the establish- 
ment of the state zoo, Jesse Helms is 
reported to have said that we didn't 
need one— just a fence around Chapel 

In the midst of all this uproar, the 
Chapel of the Cross— like the Episco- 
pal Church in general— enjoys a repu- 
tation for continuity and stability. 
Whatever our personal politics, be- 
longing to this parish can hardly be 
considered an act of witness against 
the establishment. 

That should give us pause, especially 
in these holy days when the earliest 
memories of the Christian faith are 
recalled, when we reflect again that 
the lone, peculiar dreamer is often 
right, but often pays a heavy price. 

In the decades before the Civil War, 
abrasive abolitionists warned that the 
nation could not continue to tolerate 
slavery. Lonely witnesses against in- 
dustrial abuse at the turn of the cen- 
tury transformed working conditions. 

The difficult visionaries of the civil 
rights movement in the 1960's 
changed the direction of the country. 
What started as a protest by "flakes" 
in the late 1960's led to the end of 
American intervention in Viet Nam. 

And now, across the world, little peo- 
ple, eccentric people, people without 

Shaping our life together 
fortiie busy years ahead 


From The 


Dear Friends: 

"The Sanford Herald", April 24, 1982, 
noted that "The Bishop Coadjutor of 
North Carolina, will visit St. Thomas 
Episcopal Church tomorrow at 2:30 
p.m. He ... is holding a series of 
meetings with clergy and lay mem- 
bers discussing restructuring of the 
diocese. Estill will be accompanied by 
Henry Lewis of Chapel Hill." 

That is the understatement of the 
year! Henry Lewis, John Campbell, 
Arthur Calloway, Margaret Wiley, 
Dorothy Manning, Zach Smith, Mike 
Schenck and the two Bishops, have 
been meeting for a year as a Special 
Committee on Structure and Organi- 
zation. Appointed by the Bishop and 
empowered by the 1982 Diocesan 
Convention, Council, Convocations, 
Institutions and Organizations. This is 
the first study since 1962. 

The meetings with the clergy and lay 
members of the Diocese have been 
held on a Convocational level. At this 
writing we have one more to go. They 
have been well attended and the 
responses, both written and oral, have 

been extremely interesting and help- 
ful. It remains for our Committee to 
draw together the findings and share 
them with the Diocese. 
I am meeting with the clergy of the 
Diocese too. With the help of Ruth 
Wright and Betsey Savage, two of our 
Diocesan Consultants, I have de- 
signed a questionnaire that will en- 
able the clergy to share their ideas 
and suggestions with me as I become 
the Diocesan, January 1, 1983. Rod 
Reinecke, Chairman of our Training 
part of the Education and Training 
Committee is Consulting with me dur- 
ing this transition period. I will con- 
tinue to use the Deans and lay per- 
sons whom they appoint from each 
Convocation, just as I have during my 
two years of "Start-up". 

These are busy days, and I am grate- 
ful to the Structure and Organization 
Committee and to many of you clergy 
and laity who are helping shape our 
life together for the years ahead. ■ 


Robert W. Estill 






a grasp of the technical and complica- 
ted details of geopolitics, are joining 
together to say "no" to nuclear war. 

The Resurrection we celebrate says 
that surprising strength comes from 
suprising sources, and that we are to 

witness to the truth, come whence it 
may, cost what it will. ■ 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rector 
of the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Hill. His thoughts on witnessing origin- 
ally appeared in Cross Roads. 

The threat of additional increases in the postal 
rates forced us to combine the May and June 
issues, in order to ensure regular publication 
during the busy fall months. The deadline for 
the next issue of The Communicant will be 
August 15. See you in September. 

A cut for defense? 




By Roger Fisher 

It so happens that a young man, usu- 
ally a navy officer, accompanies the 
president wherever he goes. This 
young man has a black attache case 
which contains the codes that are 
needed to fire nuclear weapons. 

I can see the president at a staff meet- 
ing considering nuclear war as an ab- 
stract question. He might conclude, 
"On SIOP Plan One, the decision is 
affirmative. Communicate the Alpha 
line XYZ." Such jargon keeps what is 
involved at a distance. 

My suggestion, then, is quite simple. 
Put that needed code number in a lit- 
tle capsule and implant that capsule 
right next to the heart of a volunteer. 

The volunteer will carry with him a 
big, heavy butcher knife as he accom- 
panies the president. If ever the pres- 
ident wants to fire nuclear weapons, 
the only way he can do so is by first, 
with his own hands, killing one hu- 
man being. 

"George," the president would say, 
"I'm sorry, but tens of millions must 
die." The president then would have 
to look at someone and realize what 
death is— what an innocent death is. 
Blood on the White House carpet: it's 
reality brought home. 

When I suggested this to friends in 
the Penetagon, they said, "My God, 
that's terrible. Having to kill someone 
would distort the president's judge- 
ment. He might never push the but- 

Reprinted from the Bulletin of Atomic 

Page 8— The Communicant— May/June 1982 

Breast-beating & breastfeeding 


Letter to editor draws fifty 
responses on infant formula 

Editor's note: Since The Communicant 
published Dr. Steiger's letter on the infant 
formula controversy last September, he 
has received more than 50 letters and 
telephone calls on the subject, some from 
as far away as Chicago, New York and 
Philadelphia. He even heard from one of 
his college English teachers, who called 
to correct his diction. Dr. Steiger has de- 
cided to respond to the concerns raised 
by his correspondents through this letter. 

Dear Editor: 

The response to my letter published in 
the September issue of The Com- 
municant is most interesting. I am sure 
these comments represent a sincere 
conviction. The writers, however, 
missed the main points of the letter. 

The value of adequate healthy mother's 
milk is not disputed. There are, how- 
ever, many instances where it is totally 
or partially unsatisfactory, or absent: 

1) Mothers on many drugs should not 
nurse infants. 

2) 40% of the third world mothers 
deliver malnourished infants. These 
mothers are able to provide only 69% 
of the infants' protein requirements at 
birth and 51% at three months. 

3) Milk of undernourished mothers is 
reduced approximately 25% in several 
essential amino acids and in several vi- 

4) Seasonal variation causes decreased 
breast milk production. 

5) Motherless infants must be formu- 
la fed. 

6) When there is insufficient milk, 
substitution of paps, herbal teas, sugar 
water, soft drinks and coffee are used. 
There, incidentally, are made with the 
same water that has been questioned. 

The second point made is the position 
taken by the Episcopal Church. I note in 
the October Communicant that funds 
are lagging. This in part is due to this 
uncalled-for politicking in issues such 
as this. The few people switching 
brands of coffee represent miniscule 
rappens on the bottom line of a Swiss 
financial report. The cutting or with- 
holding of just one contribution can be 
a serious matter in a given church. 

The figure on deaths from infant formu- 
la "one milion babies" originated with 
James Grant, Executive Director of 
UNICEF in New York. His statement 
was to the effect that if all babies in the 
third world could be breast fed, then 
one million lives could be saved each 
year. When one million maternal deaths 
occur each year in the third world, he, 
of course, is correct. This has nothing 
to do with infant formula. 

The claim of lack of refrigeration is viti- 
ated in the previous letter. Refrigeration 
is not needed when the formula is made 
up one at a time. 

There are problems of communication 
with infant feeding in the third world, 
we all agree. On the other hand, we 
should not place ourselves on a pedestal 
exaggerating the darkness of their alleg- 
ed ignorance, when lighting a candle of 
of education could best serve these good 

For those interested in this problem, I 
suggest they readBreasf Feeding in 
Developing Countries, Villai^J. and Bel- 
izan J. Department of Maternal and 
Child Health— Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, The Lancet September 19, 1981. 
Their conclusion: 

Breastfeeding alone neither corrects 
malnutrition nor modifies its basic 
causes. When an infant is already mal- 
nourished at birth, as are about 40% in 
developing countries, breastfeeding 
alone during the first four months of 
life is unlikely to provide adequate 


Howard P. Steiger, M.D. 

Charlotte, NC 

Cosmic churchwomen script 
will benefit diocesan projects 

Dear Editor: 

Speaking for all the cast of A Chapter 
from the Annals of the Cosmic Church 
Women of the Sky performed by the St. 
Mary's Players at the ECW's Annual 
Meeting in Tarboro, I thank the audi- 
ence that received us so well! 

Several persons have expressed interest 
in having a copy of the script. It is avail- 
able for $10.00 from the St. Mary's 
ECW, St. Mary's Church, N. Main at 
W. Farriss, High Point NC 27262. Pro- 
fits of course go the ECW projects. 

Colleen Hartsoe 
High Point, NC 

Episcopalian grieved by 
breast-beating idealogues 

Dear Editor: 

I am not a member of the Episcopal 
Church because I want its political 

I am not a member of the Episcopal 
Church because I want its moral guid- 

I am not a member of the Episcopal 
Church because I need its social guid- 

I am a member of the Episcopal 
Church because I do need its spiritual 

Thus it grieves me to read that my 
church is once again allowing itself to 
be used by "trendy" liberal socio- 
politico groups composed of those 
who are so politically immature and 
historically illiterate as to believe that 
a resolution concerning the produc- 
tion and use of nuclear weapons will 

serve any purpose other than to give 
aid and comfort to those who would 
do us no harm. 

These same breast-beating idealogues 
now would have us project their polit- 
ical social-moral solution to the com- 
plex problems in El Salvador. To me 
rhl'j is intellectual arrogance far be- 
yond the point of folly. 

God knows the Episcopal Church has 
enough problems of its own without 
attempting to establish itself as the ar- 
biter of U.S. foreign policy in Central 
America. And if that c "aall but vocal 
minority within my church does not 
mind too much (although they will), I 
shall reserve such decisions to myself, 
and I do not need reprints from the 
N.Y. Times or the Washington Post in 
my diocesan paper to help me make 
up my mind. 

Robert W. Somers 
Weldon, NC 

Article about abortion called 
sensitive and well-balanced 

Dear Editor: 

Your current article by Terry Wall, 
"A Woman's Right to Choose", is su- 
perb, providing a well-balanced and 
sensitive commentary on a very diffi- 
cult problem. Thank you. 

The Rev. Roland M. Jones 

Rector, St. Francis 

Greensboro, NC 

Stewardship means more 
than passing the hat for God 

Dear Editor: 

I would like to comment on the letter 
appearing in The Communicant for 
April, 1982 from Mr. Peter Deese of 
Durham. He says, "I wish we would 
quit trying to fool people by calling our 
fundraising efforts 'Stewardship Cam- 
paigns' ". 

Having served for 10 years as a member 
of the Department of Stewardship of the 
Diocese of New York and chairman of 
that department for five years, I feel 
that I am in a position to comment on 
his letter. 

What Mr. Keese needs to know is that 
stewardship is not a matter of "passing 

the hat" for a good cause. My Depart- 
ment tried to educate the members of 
the Diocese on stewardship, but we 
were not in the business of begging for 
funds. The first question a person asks 
who attempts to practice stewardship 
and to teach it is, Do you realize that 
everything you have or ever expect to 
have came to you as a gift from God? 
The second question is, Are you willing 
to return to God some of that which He 
has given to you? If the answer to these 
two questions is "Yes", then the next 
question may then be, How much do I 
give? To this there is no answer. Of 
course, the Old Testament Jews had the 
theory of tithing, but tithing may not be 
sufficient. There are some people who 
are unable to give cash, but give of their 
time, efforts and talents. Others give 
more than 10%, but the guiding criterion 
is to give until it hurts. Then we know 
that we are giving as much as we can, 
not to a P>.- Ish cf a Diocese, but to God. 

Stewards give on a weekly basis because 
when we put our check or cash in a col- 
lection plate, it is taken forward to the 
alter and offered up to God as our gift 
back to Him. Stewards give to their Par- 
ish or Diocese, not because the Parish 
or Diocese needs the funds so badly but 
because the giver needs to give more 
than the receiver needs to receive. If all 
the members of the Diocese of North 
Carolina practiced true stewardship anc 
gave back to God through their respec- 
tive Parishes or Diocese, neither would 
ever have any need for an every mem- 
ber canvas or the assessment of a dio- 
cean assessment of any kind and all of 
us would be better and more true 

If Mr. Keese needs more information 
on this subject, he might obtain a copy 
of the book written by Oscar Carr from 
the Seabury Book Store, 815 Second 
Ave., New York, NY. Oscar was a true 
steward. He was born and reared in 
Greenville, Mississippi and inherited 
and purchased a hugh tract of land in 
the Missisissippi Delta. He told me one 
day that he had 5,000 acres of land un- 
der 10 feet of water when the Mississip- 
pi River was in flood. I commented that 
it was too late to plant cotton and he 
said that he thought he could get a good 
crop of soybeans. At the age of approx- 
imately 40 he dedicated his life to the 
work of the National Church, had an 
apartment in New York as well as his 
plantation home in Mississippi. Unfor- 
tunately he died of cancer at an early 
age, but not before he was able to fin- 
ish his book on stewardship. 

Cordially yours, 

George M. Chapman 

Wadesboro, NC 


The Communicant— May/June 1982-Page £ 

life weighed in the balance 

By Charles Schunior 

in response to terry wall's "a 
Woman's Right to Choose" (April 
1982) I hope that all of us in this 
diocese will have opportunity to 
endorse Lauren Kirkpatrick's appeal for 
us to bear witness to the belief that "our 
role as compassionate Christians is to 
in love to the needs of our neighbors, 
must struggle with their freedom to 

Responding in love demands an at- 
tempt to understand our neighbors' 
struggles but not necessarily an affir- 
mation of their choices. The freedom of 
choice exercised by husbands who bat- 
ter their wives or parents who abuse 
their children may be a response to 
painful struggles, but neither their pain 
nor their freedom exact a stronger call 
on our conscience than the unfortunate 
results of their decisions. 

Ms. Kirkpatrick seems on the verge of 
a dangerous insight when she reflects 
on research which suggests the capaci- 
ty of a fetus to feel things, but goes on 
to wonder, "Who am I to decide?" 

Presumably she is a Christian, called, 
like the rest of us, to exercise steward- 
ship over God's creation and to bear 
faithful witness to our understanding 
of God's law. This responsibility, 
shared by all of us, involves the painful 
task of saying "no," of recognizing when 
"no" is the only truly loving response. 

thoroughly secular world, 
and most of us are reluc- 
tant to speak an unpopu- 
lar "no" whose rational is fundamen- 
tally religious. It is agreeable to our 
secular world to picture Christianity as 
a sort of dotty old Dutch uncle, mouth- 
ing stern platitudes which we are free 
accept or reject as they suit our fancy or 
our self interest. Only this sort of rela- 
tionship to religion would permit us to 
adopt Ms. Kirkpatrick's viewpoint that 
we have no right to impose our religious 
judgement on another. If we insist, 


dards which exist independent of our 
individual happiness or convenience, 
then the appeal to a "right to choice" 
is inadmissable. 

While some of us find ways to evade 
the issue of God's law, others affect a 
corollary blindness to the area of its ap- 
plication. Although Christians have 
often been accused of fuzzy-headed 
sentimentality, on the issue of abortion 
many of us feel like the rude but realis- 
tic boy of "The Emporer's New 
Clothes". We may all understand intel- 
lectually that the "fetus" is in fact a 
baby person, different in size and hab- 
itation but only the rude realist cries 
out "Then there is basically no dif- 
ference between abortion and infant- 
icide!" The rest of us don't "see" the 
baby because we are blinded by self- 
interest or by the appeal to our com- 
passion made by the mother, the more 
visible victim. 

I would suggest, further, that abortion 
is not the only issue being weighed by 
these scales: our convenience, our plea- 
sure, our "right to choose" in one pan 
with the integrity and sacredness of 
God's creation in the other. If unborn 
babies have no claim against the argu- 
ments of convenience and choice, what 
chance does unspoiled land have a- 
gainst rapacious capitalists who choose 
to convert wilderness into shopping 
malls? What chance will "defective" 
babies have against infanticide by de- 
fenders of parental convenience? What 
chance has humanity against the 
wielders of nuclear destruction if our 

appeal to Christ's message of love is 
silenced because we fear to impose our 
religious judgements on others. 

compassion for the oppressed 
and overburdened. No law of 
God prevents us from reform- 
ing, turning upside down if necessary 
,our society to relieve our brothers and 
sisters of unfair burdens. There is, ever 
has been, and will be, a law against tak- 
ing innocent human life.S 

The Readers' Forum offers people of 
the diocese an opportunity to express 
themselves at length on issues of im- 
portance to the life of the Church in 
today's world. Articles intended for 
publication in The Readers' Forum 
should be typewritten and double- 
spaced, and submitted with a letter 
identifying the author. 

Charles Schunior is a Communicant 
reader and resident of Carrboro, North 

** EXTRA** 

Hot Plashes 




** EXTRA** 



News of the 1982 General Convention of the Episcopal Church 

| Your ticket to fast, daily reporting of events of Convention backed by the profiles, photos 
and features that bring people and events to life. Nine issues will be sent first class from 
New Orleans to provide you with current news of Convention action. Subscriptions must 
be ordered before August 1, 1982, and cost $7.50. Checks should be made payable to 
The Convention Daily, and sent to P.O. Box IS 16, Metarie, Louisiana 70004. 

Enclosed find a check or money order in the amount of $ 

for subscriptions to the CONVENTION DAILY. Please send to: 





Page 10— The Communicant— May/June 1982 


atmosphere pervades the dining area 
where visitors eat, play ping pong or 
listen to piano music. 

In nearby Rocky Mount, N.C., a line 
starts forming by the side door of 
Good Shepherd, another Episcopal 
church, shortly after 10 a.m. every 
weekday. Standing in the street bet- 
ween the church and a nearby ware- 
house, the people wait patiently each 
day for the church's kitchen to open 
at 10:30. 

"A lot of folks would go hungry if it 
wasn't for this place," says one 
middle-aged black man. "There just 
aren't any jobs around here now. We 
look for jobs, but we can't find 

The Rev. David Lovelace, assistant to 
the Rector of the Church of the Good 
Shepherd, agrees. He explains the 
kitchen's clients include many un- 
skilled workers unable to find jobs. 
Many are ineligible for public assis- 
tance because they have no perma- 
nent address. 

"Poor people don't exist," Lovelace 
says he has been told by citizens. 

He knows better. Before the kitchen 
was started, the church had a small 

emergency fund and a food pantry to 
help the needy, but the assistance 
wasn't enough. 

"The line outside my office kept get- 
ting longer," he said. "The hall was 
constantly filled with applicants." 

That's when he proposed setting up a 
community kitchen in the church's 
old parish hall and kitchen, which 
were unused at the time. In Septem- 
ber 1980 an all- volunteer staff began 
dishing up soup there. 

Although the kitchens in Durham and 
Rocky Mount began as church pro- 
jects, both have evolved into commu- 
nity endeavors. Saint Philip's opera- 
tion receives part of its funds from 
Durham Congregations in Action, an 
organization of Catholic, Protestant 
and Jewish congregations from all 
over the city. Other funds come from 
the community at large. 

In Rocky Mount, churches of other 
denominations supply lists of vol- 
unteers and donate funds for the 
Church of the Good Shepherd's kit- 

Food comes from a variety of sources. 
Summertime brings gifts of fresh pro- 
duce from parishioners' gardens. Lo- 
cal businesses donate some food 

items, and the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, provides commodity 
foods that are in abundant supply. As 
nonprofit charitable organizations, the 
kitchens qualify for USDA-donated 
foods like butter, cheese, dry milk, 
flour and rice. 

Other food is picked up at the Com- 
munity Food Bank in Raleigh, another 
volunteer-staffed organization. Food 
banks are nonprofit clearinghouses 
that gather, store and redistribute 
food to charitable organizations for 
feeding the needy. 

The food industry (producers, re- 
tailers, wholesalers, grocery chains 
and individual stores) donate food to 
the food banks. The donated food is 
usable but cannot be sold for a varie- 
ty of reasons. For example, cans may 
be mislabeled or dented; fruits and 
vegetables may be the wrong size; or 
there may simply be production over- 
runs of a particular food item. 

The Community Food Bank distri- 
butes food to nonprofit agencies in- 
volved in on-site feeding or emer- 
gency food box operations. According 
to Barbara Oates, director, the food 
bank presently provides food to over 
90 outlets, including programs for the 
elderly, halfway houses and soup kit- 

At least 5,000 pounds'of food per 
month is distributed to these various 
organizations. The only charge to 
them is a ten-cent per pound fee 
which covers transportation and 
overhead costs of the food bank. All 
other expenses of the Community 
Food Bank are funded solely by con- 
tributions from the community. With 
the exception of the director, workers 
at the food bank are volunteers. 

The network of volunteer feeding 
operations is growing in North Caro- 
lina and other states. There are three 
food banks currently operating in 
North Carolina, and besides the com- 
munity soup kitchens in Durham and 
Rocky Mount, other church-based kit- 
chens operate in Charlotte, Winston- 
Salem, Raleigh and Goldsboro. 

Betsy Rollins, director of Saint 
Philip's community kitchen, is a 
staunch advocate of community in- 
volvement and routinely makes ap- 
pearances before groups to tell them 
about her group's experience in or- 
ganizing and operating a community 

She always tell them: "Cooperative 
efforts of businesses, religious 
organizations, citizens and govern- 
ment agencies can and do provide 
solutions to community problems." S 

Diocesan paper wins awards for excellence 

Diocesan Press Service 

newspapers— one national and one 
diocesan publication— captured 
many of the top journalism awards 
made by the Associated Church Press 
at its annual convention here in 
j ate April. 

Canadian Churchman, the 
national newspaper of the 
Anglican Church of Canada, 
received the award for general 
excellence and 5 merit awards 
for photography, page design, 
and indepth coverage of a single 

The Communicant; the newspa- 
per published by the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina, was 
cited as the runner-up for the ge 
eral excellence award, and recei 
three additional merit awards fo 

graphics and feature writing, and an 
honorable mention for its "letters to 
the editor." 

In citing The Communicant for gen- 

eral excellence, the panel of three 
secular journalists said "this out- 
standing diocesan newspaper offers 
effective writing, fine photo stories, 
excellent graphics, and a good use of 






William Slriniik'llow 





OKLY poS BI °QDypfpcl 0,vz -y 


'/ r 

J. '■ 

type masses and white space." 

The paper also won the best feature 
writing award for James Michael 
Coram's article on Archbishop Trev- 
or Huddleston, "One World or No 
World,", which the judges praised 
for its "colorful writing and 
skillful use of quotations." 

Two awards for newspaper 
graphics also went to the 
paper. Judges singled out the 
paper's "letters to the editor" 
for particular comment, citing 
f the vigorous and lively reader 
response and the prominent dis 
play which it receives in The 

T ounded to promote higher stand- 
irds in church journalism, the Asso- 
rted Church Press includes 134 re- 
ligious publications with a combined 
circulation of 12 million readers.* 

The Communicant— May/June 1982-Page 1 













The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Vol.72, No. 5 

September, 1982 

Church approves new hymnal 

new Orleans— Poverty, the threat of 
nuclear war and revision of the 1940 
Hymnal were the issues which caused 
the most debate at the 67th General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church 
which met here September 5-15. 

By comparison with the sessions in 
1976 and 1979, when emotional de- 
debates over the ordination of women 
and the Prayerbook dominated the 
proceedings, the mood in New Orleans 
was subdued. 

Yet though it may not have been 
'ten days which shook the world', the 
actions of this convention will likely 
reach deep down into the parish life 
of most Episcopalians. 

j-ML^With the support of overwhelm- 
4^/| ing majorities in both houses, 
the convention authorized a new hym- 
nal which is at once conservative, ecu- 
menical and adventurous. 

The new book retains 358 hymns from 
the 1940 Hymnal, some in amended 
form. The remainder of the 600 are 
drawn from other church hymnals, as 
well as from supplements used by the 
Church during the last ten years. A 
few texts are original to this book. 
Convention empowered the Church's 
Music Commission to assemble the 
music to accompany the approved 
texts, and publish the book in 1985. 

rJ^'Convention also called for closer 
%/\ relationships between the ten 
accredited Episcopal seminaries and 
the parrishes, adopting for the first 
time a national funding mechanism 
for theological education. Convention 
passed legislation which directs the 
dioceses to assure that parishes con- 
tribute 1% of their net disposable in- 
come to one or more of the seminar- 
ies. This is expected to yield the insti- 
tutions more than $4 million a year— a 
dramatic increase in Church support 
for the financially-strapped schools 
which provide the bulk of its trained, 
professional leadership. 

rMS Adoption of the biblical tithe of 
4^/] 10% as the standard of giving for 
Episcopalians was another first for 
Convention. The action is only advi- 
sory, but the strong support which it 
received suggests that the advice will 
be heeded by many throughout the 

j-SBLf Convention also passed legisla- 
^/J tion clarifying how church mem- 
bership is officially defined and count- 
ed. Confusion over the term 'commu- 
nicant' brought about by the increas- 
ing number of children now receiving 
communion prompted the approval 
of an amended canon which defines a 
member as one who is baptized, and 
who is registered somewhere on an 
Episcopal Church's role book. 

|J5^As a result of action taken in 
4yT| New Orleans, the budget for the 
program of the National Church will 
top $28 million in 1983. Bishops and 
deputies also voted to support Presi- 
ding Bishop's John Allin's proposal to 
raise an additional $15 million outside 
the Church's budget during the next 
three years for the alleviation of hu- 
man need. 

JS^Within the budget, Convention 
^/| voted to approve the start-up of 
the Jubilee Ministry, a national pro- 
gram to equip and finance outreach 
ministry, evangelism and parish re- 

JGQLf After extensive debate on the 
q*/\ peace issue, bishops and depu- 
ties passed a resolution calling on the 
U.S. government "to seek as a first 
step a bilateral nuclear freeze and an 
immediate halt to the testing, produc- 
tion and development of nuclear wea- 
pons." The legislation also endorses 
President Reagan's efforts at nuclear 
arms reduction, and urges all dioces- 
es, parishes and individual members 
to communicate their Church's stand 
to the Administration and Congress, 
and to work in their own communi- 
ties in support of this proposal. 

JSDL/In ecumenical matters, the ma- 
qtf\ jor initiative of this Convention 
was its adoption of interim eucha- 
ristic sharing between Episcopalians 
and members of the newly-united Lu- 
theran Church. The legislation allows 
joint eucharistic services to be con- 
ducted while further doctrinal discus- 
sions continue. 

Convention opened with a eucharist 
on Sunday, September 5, at which the 


bishops and 
were joined 
by the 450 women 
there in New Or- 
leans for the Tri- 
ennial Meeting of *o 
the Women of the Episco- 
pal Church. 

The highest legislative authority in 
the Episcopal Church, the General 
Convention meets every three years 
to act on the proposals of the interim 
committees and commissions and on 
the memorials and resolutions pre- 
sented to it by diocesan conventions, 
church groups, bishops and deputies. 

In addition to the Church's 265 active 
and retired bishops, all of whom are 
members of the House of Bishops, the 
dioceses are entitled to seat four lay 
and four clerical representatives in the 
House of Deputies. Any action taken 
by Convention must be approved by 
both Houses, which function in rela- 
tion to each other much as the U.S. 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

Serving on behalf of the Diocese of 
North Carolina as deputies to General 
Convention in the lay order were Jo- 
seph B. Cheshire, Jr., Raleigh; Anne 
Tomlinson, Charlotte; Vivian Patter- 
son, Durham; and Henry W. Lewis, 
Chapel Hill. 

Serving as deputies in the clerical or- 
der were the Rev. Frank H. Vest, the 
Rector of Christ Church, Charlotte; 
the Rev. Peter James Lee, Rector of 
the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill; 
the Rev. Jacob A. Viverette, Associate 

Rector, St. Paul's Church, Winston- 
Salem; and the Rev. E. Dudley Col- 
houn, Jr., Rector, St. Paul's Church, 

May Coleman, Mitti Landi and Nell 
Bryan attended the meeting of the 
Triennial on behalf of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of North Carolina. 

By the time the final gavel sounded 
the close of the last legislative session 
on Wednesday, September 15, some 
10,000 Episcopalians had travelled to 
New Orleans to take part in some or 
all of the 11 -day long meeting. 

During their time in Louisiana, the 
deputies and bishops from 115 dio- 
ceses of the Episcopal Church were 
confronted by a sometimes bewilder- 
ing array of resolutions, some of it 
controversial, much of it not. 

Controversy expected over revision 
of the hymnal failed to materialize, 
and the legislation sailed through both 
houses with little difficulty, in spite of 
determined opposition by the Prayer 
Book Society which lobbied against 
its passage in the weeks preceeding 



BOW sponsors "Sessions on Survival" 
for North Carolina working women 

DUBHAM— "Looking Inside and Out", the 
second In the ECW's Session on Survival 
series for working women, will be held at 
St. Stephen's Church, Durham, on Satur- 
day, October 2. Featuring keynoter Sister 
Chris Gelllngs, Co-ordlnator of Avila Re- 
treat Center, Durham, the conference will 
explore the interaction of spiritual growth 
and outreach to others. 

Leading workshops on prayer, self esteem 
and stress and conflict will be Sister Chris 
Gelllngs; The Reverend Jacqueline Schmltt, 
Episcopal chaplain at North Carolina State 
University; The Reverend Ann McLaughlin, 
associate staff member of the Life Enrich- 
ment Center in Raleigh; The Reverend Hel- 
en Crotwell, United Methodist minister in- 
charge of Banks-Grove Hill near Franklln- 
ton, North Carolina; and Janet Hampton, 
counselor In private practice and education 
instructor at Guilford Technical Institute, 

A panel on personal ministries will be 
moderated by Mary V. Harris, past-presi- 

dent of the Diocesan Churchwomen, and 
will include Natalie Ling, Frankie DuBose, 
Jacqueline Kpeglo, and Mary Ann Kerr. 

The conference will open with registration 
beginning at 9:30 a.m. and will close with 
the Holy Eucharist celebrated by The Rev- 
erend Ms. Schmltt. 

The fee is $5.00, which Includes the cost of 
the luncheon. All checks whould be make 
payable to Sessions on Survival and mailed 
before September 88 to Miss Alice Herring, 
204 Raleigh Road West, Wilson, North 
Carolina 27893. 

Fall seminar to spotlight 
"Our changing ministries" 

BROWNS SUMMIT— Faced by problems 
that seem to fall outside the reach of tradi- 
tional doctrine, today's woman often won- 
ders if the Church offers only theological 
abstractions. Not according to the Episco- 
pal Churchwomen whose annual seminar, 
to be offered at Browns Summit Confer- 
ence Center on October 26-28, will examine 
how Christian women may better minister 
in and through real life issues. 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Graphics Production Manager: Julia Zeigler 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number^ (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Led by Harriett Hayes, member of the Na- 
tional Church Committee on Family, the 
seminar will focus on how to handle 
changes In family, attitudes, and roles. 
Currently serving as Associate in the Office 
for Congretional Development, Episcopal 
Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, Hayes is 
a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Smith College 
and received her M.S.W. from the Universi- 
ty of Pittsburgh. She represented the Epis- 
copal Church at the World Council of 
Churches Conference on Family Power and 
Social Change, Mexico, January 1979. 

The Reverend Will Hinson will be chaplain 
for the seminar. Hinson is a therapist at 
the Family Life Center in Lexington, N.C, 
and has a private counseling practice in 
Winston-Salem. Both Hayes and Hinson 
will be available for individual counseling. 

'Cost of the seminar, which begins with 
lunch Oct. 26 and concludes with Holy 
Eucharist at noon Oct. 28, is $65.00. For 
more information contact your local ECW 
chapter or Mrs. William Q. Long, Garys- 
burg, N.C, 27831 (919-536-3386). 

Episcopal Ohnreh aids first Haitian 
freed from Miami detention camp 

MATMI— The first Haitian refugee detainee 
to be released July 23, from federal pri- 
sions and Immigration and Naturalization 
Services sites in the United States and 
Puerto Rico is being sponsored by an Epis- 
copal congregation here. 

Etienne Francois became the first of some 
1,807 Haitian refugees ordered freed by 
Federal Judge Eugene P. Spellman on June 
29 to walk out of the detention center. 
Francois, 42, had been held behind the 
double cyclone fences topped with barbed 
wire at Krome since August 1981. 

He left the center shortly after 3:00 p.m., 
accompanied by the Rev. Robert Land, who 
serves as a consultant to the Episcopal 
Church's Presiding Rishop's Fund for 
World Relief which is assisting in the 
sponsorship of the Haitians. 

Francois is being sponsored by St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church here. The Rev. Samir J. 
Habiby, director of the Fund, commented, 
"The direct involvement of the Fund in the 
interim sponsorship of Haitian refugee re- 
leased on parole, is one which stems from 
the Fund's total work and ministry of ser- 
vice in providing assistance for disaster re- 
lief, rehabilitation, development and refu- 
gee/migration affairs. The detention, for 
over one year, of peaceful though undocu- 
mented Haitians who have come to our 
shores without visas while following the 
letter of the law is exceptionally unfortu- 
nate and violates the very integrity and 
compassionate humane framework of the 
American way of Life." 

The Fund Is participating in a contract 
with the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
which calls for the Fund to assist in the 
processing and interim placement of be- 
tween 288 and 328 detained Haitians 
through Episcopal Church sponsorships. 

According to Mrs. Robert J. Dawson, the 
Fund's Assistant Director for Migration Af- 
fairs, the Church has field staff at four de- 
tention sites: Krome Avenue in Miami and 
Fort Allen, Puerto Rico, both of which are 
Immigration and Naturalization Service fa- 
cilities; and two federal prisons at Alder- 
son, W.Va., and La Tuna, at El Paso, Tex. 
From these sites the Haitian detainees will 
be processed by the Fund's staff and dio- 
cesan-related personnel in accordance with 
regulations established by the court and 
then released to their sponsors. 

Each released refugee must have an accept- 
able attorney to handle the petition process 
requesting asylum and represent the Hai- 
tion at forthcoming exclusion hearings, 
which are part of the asylum and appeal 
process. The refugee must also agree to re- 
port weekly through the sponsor to the 
court's representative. 

Sponsors will provide housing, food, cloth- 
ing, household expenses, etc., where need- 
ed, for 120 days Or until the exlusionary 

hearing, whichever comes first. The spon- 
sor will also assist the refugee in finding 
a job. 

Persons who are interested in this minlstrj 
with the Haitian refugees may contact the 
Fund at 212/867-9454. Contributions 
(marked Haitian Refugee Program) for this 
ministry may be sent to the Presiding Bis- 
hop's Fund for World Relief, 815 Second 
Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

North Carolina priest dies 
in a tragic canoeing accident 

John A. Gray, retired priest of the Diocese 
of North Carolina, died August 18 in a 
canoeing accident on the Jackson River 
near Jackson Hole, Wyoming. He was 70 
years old at the time of his death. 

"The Church has lost a devoted church- 
man and faithful priest, and I have lost a 
dear friend," said the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. 
Fraser, Bishop of North Carolina. "Jack 
and I were classmates in seminary, and I 
know of no one who has made a greater 
contribution to the life of this diocese." 

An experienced outdoorsman, Gray had 
been living in Prescott, Arizona since 1979, 
when he retired as the Rector of St. Tim- 
othy's Episcopal Church in Wilson, N.C. 

A native of Farmville, Va., Gray graduated 
from Hampden Sydney College with a de- 
gree In chemistry, and worked for four 
years for the U.S. Emergency Crop and 
Feed Loan Service, before attending Vir- 
ginia Theological Seminary. After four 
years as a chaplain in the U.S. Navy dur- 
ing World War n, he returned to parochial 
work. He served several churches in Vir- 
ginia before being called as Rector of Em- 
manuel Church In Richmond in 1947. 

He remained in that position until called 
by the people of St. Timothy's Church In 
Wilson in 1952. Gray served his parish 
and the diocese with distinction during the 
next 26 years. He was twice elected to the 
Diocesan Council, and also served three 
terms as President of the Standing Commit- 
tee. In addition to his continuing responsi- 
bilities as Dean of the Northeast Convoca- 
tion from 1965-77, Gray also served as 
Chairman of the Committee on Dispatch of 
Business and Chairman of the Department 
of Long Range Planning. He represented 
the Diocese as a deputy to General Conven- 
tions in 1967, 1969, 1970 and 1973. 

He is survived by his wife, Harriet and two 

Oxford girl to represent youth 
in Diocesan Council for 1988 

OXFORD— Denna L. Simons, a member of 
St. Stephen's Church, has been elected 
the youth representative on the Council of 
the Episcopal Doicese of North Carolina. 

The council is an elected body of clergy 
and laity responsible for oversight of the 
diocesan program and budget and serves 
as an advisory council to the bishop. 

Simons was elected to the post at a meeting 
of the Diocesan Youth Commission at the 
Conference Center at Browns Summit on 
July 9-11. She has been a member of the 
Youth Commission and president of the St. 
Stephen's Episcopal Young Churchmen 
since September of 1981. 

She is the daughter of the Rev. and Mrs. 
Harrison T. Simons. 

Anglican Fellowship asks 

for Oeneral Convention prayers 

ADVANCE— The Anglican Fellowship of 
Prayer has -received a request from Presid- 
ing Bishop John Allln that all Episcopa- 
lians keep the Bishops and Deputies to 
General Convention in their prayers. 

Further, Bishop Allln asks for prayer for 
the Episcopal Church as a whole: "that we 
may be better peace makers, more effective 
servants of Jesus Christ, better citizens of 
the world, and, above all, of His Kingdom." 


Page 2— The Communicant— September 1982 


After two and a half years of prepara- 
tion, the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill has 
begun making the decisions that will 
guide the Diocese during his episcopate. 
Due to become the ninth Bishop of 
North Carolina on January 1, 1983, 
Estill has already filled diocesan staff 
positions in youth ministries and campus 
ministries with the appointment of the 
Rev. Robert R. McGee as the Coordina- 
tor for Youth Ministries, and the hiring 
of Rev. Jacqueline M. Schmitt as Epis- 
copal Chaplain at North Carolina State 
University in Raleigh. Next month's 
communicant will focus on the Epis- 
copal chaplaincy at NC State, and the 
direction it is taking under Schmitt's 
capable guidance. In this issue we talk 
with the diocese's newest staff member 
— its Coordinator of Youth Ministries. 

Having lived in North Carolina since 
1979, when he was called to serve as 
Assistant to the Rector of Christ 
Church, Raleigh, Robert R. McGee is 
no stranger to the diocese. A native of 
Roanoke Virginia and a life-long Epis- 
copalian, McGee began his ordained 
ministry in 1976 after graduating with 
a Master's degree in Divinity from 
the University of the South in 1976. 
He served two churches in South 
Carolina before heeding the call to 
move to the "old north state" almost 
four years ago. 

McGee will remain in his present po- 
sition at Christ Church, and fulfill his 
new responsibilities on a voluntary 
basis. This represents a significant 
change in the diocese's approach to 
youth work. His predecessor, the 
Rev. Ralph Byrd, filled the position 
on a full-time basis from 1977 until 
1981, when he left to join the faculty 
of St. Martin's School in Louisiana. 

The absence of a full-time Diocesan 
Youth Director has not hampered dio- 
cesan youth work according to Bishop 
Estill. "Our last two conferences have 
been the best ever, according to all 
reports, and our youth work has con- 
tinued to progress under the able 
leadership of the lay-run interim com- 
mittee, " Estill explains. 

"Bob McGee 's appointment as Di- 
ocesan Coordinator of Youth Minis- 
tries gives us a chance to utilize his 
experience and imagination in this de- 
manding work while grounding the 
program in the reality of the local 
parish through his continuing respon- 
siblities at Christ Church. " 

Although his dual appointments keep 
Bob McGee hopping these days, the 
communicant finally caught up with 
him at the Diocesan House, where 
the following interview took place. 

Let's begin with your own back- 
ground. How did you get involved 
with youth work in the Episcopal 

I grew up in Roanoke Virginia and al- 
ways went to St. John's Episcopal 
Church there— until I went away to 
college. Throughout the difficult time 
of my own adolescent years, some 
people were always there for me. 
Frank Vest was there as I began to 
enter into that adolescent age; I 
learned how to be an acolyte under 
him and moved into youth group age 
just as he was leaving. I found him 
and the Church very accepting of me, 
even when I was rebellious, and I 
liked that a lot. 

It was important to the people that 
ran our youth program that we un- 
derstand that the Church was a place 
where you could play and have fun- 
that the Christian life was not deadly 
dull and serious at all times and that 
there was a lot of happiness and joy 
associated with it as well. 

It's not the programs that I remember 
now, but the people who were isasl 
volved. As a result, my view of youth 
ministry is more person-oriented than 
program-oriented. Not that programs 
aren't important— but what they final- 
ly signify is that there is someone 
ready to respond to the needs of the 
young people. 

I went to seminary and in seminary 
did not think much about youth min- 
istry. When I got out, as happens to 
most deacons, I got assigned the 
youth program and, to my surprise, I 
found that the young people were far 
more interested in new approaches to 
litergy and theology than were the 
adults that I was working with. The 
only place where I found people excit- 
ed about the new liturgy, for example, 
was in the youth group. They actually 

enjoyed exploring different ways to 

You talk of your own excitement 
about working together with adults 
and kids. What does this tell you 
about what an effective youth 
ministry offers to the Church as 
a whole? 

An effective youth ministry provides 
the Church with an opportunity to 
discover itself in its ministry to this 
very special age group. It is similar to 
the way a sacrament works— as we 
focus upon bread and wine or, in this 
case, young people, we find the union 
of that which is natural and human 
with that which is divine. Now youth 
ministry provides a point of contact 
with the divine unlike any other age 
group that I know of, because young 
people are in touch with both their 
emotions and their thinking proces- 
ses. It is simpler to integrate the two 
with young people than with other 
age groups because of what's already 
going on with them at this point in 
their lives. 

As our new Coordinator of Youth 
Ministries, how do you envision 
your job, and how do you under- 
stand the services you will be pro- 
viding the congregations of the 

As coordinator, I see my job as one 
which is to help channel resources to 
support parish-based programs. 

I hope that there will be such a va- 
riety and number of people involved 
in youth ministry in the Dio- 
cese now and in the coming 
months, that the need for 
a coordinator becomes 
readily apparent. As 
Youth Coordinator, I 
hope to develop a 
group of resource peo- 
ple to evaluate the many 
programs, the mailings 
and the magazines that 
come out, so that the Dio- 
cese will have a resource 
library of the programs 
that we have found ef- 
fective and helpful in 
large and small parish- 
es. I hope each convo- 
cation will have clergy, 
lay people, and youth 
involved in the dioce- 
san Youth Commission, 
a group that meets to- 
gether four times a year 
to evaluate what is going 
on at the local level, 

and make recommendations for the 
diocesan program and for the local 

Do you invision any diocesan- 
sponsored or organized training 
programs for the training and 
equiping of parish-individuals in 
the parishes to better proceed 
along those lines? 

Yes, in fact, one of the models that I 
have used before in Upper South Car- 
olina was that each year we had a 
training event for adults that worked 
with youth. Some years that took the 
form of having adults and a repre- 
sentative number of young people 
come together so that the adults 
would know what was going on with 
the young people. But I think that it 
is important that every year we have 
an opportunity for adults to come to- 
gether to talk about youth ministry so 
that those that are new to youth min- 
istry have some people to talk to that 
are experienced and that those who 
want to gain some particular skills 
will also have been feeding in this 
information and will be able to target 
some specific needs as time goes by. 
I think the thing that I have found in 
seven years now that I have been in 
the ministry is that there are no easy 
answers, there is no one program that 
works that makes all the kids come, 
and I think that is good to know that 
youth ministry is often a ministry that 
leaves more questions and frustra- 
tions than easy answers. 

I am encouraged by the new clergy in 
the diocese who do youth ministry, 
and who have said that they would 
like to participate in the youth 
program. They bring a wide 
variety of experience to youth 
work, so I doubt that we 
will limit ourselves to only 
one kind of event. 

The Communicant— September 1982— Page 3 


ffl einwrs<* ourw ^jg, 

B1S hop eraser. ^ love £or ^^ eIS f an 

ssi.-.— — ■•" jags 



Page 4— The Communicant— September 1982 

Readers write about ECW 


Ashamed of my own silence 
and our corporate blindness 

Dear Editor: 

Thank you for printing Terry Wall' s 
thorough report on the 100th Annual 
Meeting of the Episcopal Church- 
women. I could quibble about some 
details, but she has undeniably cap- 
tured the tension many of us felt. 

As recording secretary at that meeting, 
I sat facing the chruchful of troubled 
eyes that turned from one speaker to 
another during the debate on nuclear 
arms. Behind me, over the alter, was 
the tall Crucifixion window -a picture 
of unconditional disarmament if there 
ever was one. "Why doesn't someone 
just stand up and point to that win- 
dow? I thought as I busily took notes. 
The resolution calling for the disman- 
tling of the world' s nuclear arsenals 
lost narrowly (79-97), and about 40 
people were apparently too perplexed 
to vote at all; still, nearly 100 dele- 
gates faced the image of Christ on the 
Cross and returned a vote of no con- 
fidence in His Way. 

Driving home through the soft April 
countryside, I was ashamed of my 
own silence and of our corporate 
blindness. I have typed the minutes 
and respectfully submitted them. The 
respect is genuine. ECW has done our 
Lord s work for generations, and is 
doing it now. But the shame is real 

Miriam Mullikin 
Chapel Hill, NC 

Remaining uninvolved is the 
most insidious choice of all 

Dear Editor: 

Although the recent Communicant 
concerning the 100th annual ECW 
meeting held in Tarboro can hardly 
be called escapist summertime read- 
ing, perhaps reflecting back on those 
hectic days in the harsh, hot light of 
this particular season, when life is 
necessarily more languid, is most ap- 
propriate, after all. 

As a participant and board member, I 
want to make several points for the 
benefit of those who did not attend 
(both men and women). First, Terry 
Wall' s two articles reflected quite ac- 
curately those two days: The program 
and its speakers; The content of their 
talks; the mood of the delegates; and 
the various reactions to the facts dis- 
closed, as well as their response to 
the resolutions submitted. 

Secondly, it is important to under- 
stand that these speakers dealt with 

facts - depressing and repitious in 
many ways but indisputable in their 
accuracy. Unfortunately, most of the 
working women who reflect these 
stastics in one way or another weren't 
able to attend or add their voices to 
the questions addressed either through 
the panel or the outcome of the res- 

Thirdly, it is unfortunate that space 
did not permit even a summary of 
those talks, including the compelling 
address given by outgoing president, 
Mary Harris. It' s authenticity cannot 
be disputed and reading its text is a 
moving experience. 

Fourthly, now that the meeting is 
over, the resolutions passed, defeated, 
or not put before the delegates for 
vote, how do we proceed? These are 
problems to engage the energy of local 
parishes. Just because they emerged 
during and ECW meeting doesn't 
mean the solution is up to women 
only. These are human situations, de- 
manding humane responses. To re- 
main uninvolved is the most insidious 
choice of all, and still represents con- 
scious decision. As Christian stewards 
we have a responsibility to struggle to 
find solutions to these admittedly dif- 
ficult problems. Admitting they exist 
may be a positive first step. 


Sally S. Cone 

Greensboro, NC 

Churchwomen merit praise 
for standing for their values 

Dear Editor: 

I have just read, with dismay, the art- 
icle " Out of Order." 

This article unquestionably implies, 
both in the headline and the text, that 
the ECW delegates in convention did 
not know what they were doing. 

Particular exception is taken to this 
statement; "Delegates proved unwill- 
ing to examine their values in spite of 
these grim and disturbing statistics." 

Proved? Unwilling? What statistics? 
How grim? Disturbing to whom? 

No way! Those delegates clearly "ex- 
amined their values" and found their 
Executive Board to be out of step 
with them. One does not have to agree 
with either side to see that the demo- 
cratic process prevailed exactly as it 
should have done. 

Not just the ladies, but all of the read- 
ers have been wronged by an article 
so laced with opinion by the writer. 
There is no reason anything but a ma- 
jority decision based upon the very 
examination of values that Miss Wall 
says did not exist. 

Any board takes office with the im-. 
plied threat of being repudiated. It 
comes with the territory. I've yet to 
see a group approach a controversial 
issue without some who wished to 
provide additional insight or opposi- 
tion. No person has a lock on the 
' ' correct' ' attitude or position. 

The ECW delegate should be lauded 
for standing up for their beliefs. The 


writer of the article should be educa- 
ted to responsible reporting or her art- 
icles clearly labeled as editorial. 


John H. Tasker, Jr. 

Greensboro, NC 

Conference center provides 
no facilities for our children 

Dear Editor: 

This summer, when my son returned 
from the choir camp at Brown Sum- 
mit, we eagerly asked him what he 
had done. They sang a great deal, 
learned some things about church 
music and liturgy, had arts and crafts, 
and went to church every day, he re- 

After giving this some thought, it has 
occurred to me that my son had at- 
tended a conference, not a camp. The 
children stayed in motel rooms, had no 
campfires, did not go on any hikes; I 
have discovered that they did eat one 
meal outdoors. They had come home 
without some of those essential and 
delicious experiences I remember 
from my stays at Vade Mecum (once 
the diocesan camp and conference 
center). It seems to me that these op- 
portunities to experience God s crea- 
tion in a Christian-family environment 
are as important to the life of a young 
person as learning church music or 
understanding the Liturgy. 

Where in the diocese can I send my 
children to have this close experience 
with God' s creation? Aside from the 
choir camp, the diocese provides noth- 
ing of this sort for childen. There is 
no opportunity for my children to ex- 
perience the joy of finishing a long 
hike, sharing a cabin with other child- 
ren and a counselor and being close 
to God's creation. There is Kanuga. 
But Kanauga is not staffed or operated 
by people from our diocese. Besides, 
Kanauga is expensive (it costs over 
$300 for my family of five to spend a 
weekend there). 

I believe that the conference center at 
Brown Summit is just that - a confer- 
ence center. Apparently, it is not de- 
signed or intended for children. I also 

believe that the diocese has an obliga- 
tion to provide to our children a Vade 
Mecum experience. Vade Mecum was 
a pivotal experience in the young 
lives of many of today s leaders of the 
church. Yet, our children have no af- 
fordable access to such an experience. 

Perhaps it is symbolic that the only 
remains of Vade Mecum at the con- 
ference center is a wooden phamplet 
holder in the lobby of the main 


- William A. Short 

Charlotte, NC 

Newspaper gets good marks 
from people across America 

Dear Editor: 

How kind you were to reprint the art- 
icle about me from the Durham 
Sun in The Communicant. I 
must admit to being overwhelmed by 
the coverage! I am looking forward to 
the opportunity to serve on the Exec- 
utive Council as a representative of 
the Fourth Province. It will be an in- 
teresting time to be there since it will 
be the closing years of one Presiding 
Bishop' s term and first exciting years 
of a newly elected P. B. 

There is one error in the article in 
which the Sun correspondent mis- 
quoted me and which I would like to 
correct. When the first 24 women 
were seated in the General Conven- 
tion, they were members of the House 
of Deputies whose house numbered 
approximately 800 Deputies, not 1500 
as the article implied. THat latter fig- 
ure referred to the approximate total 
number of persons attending General 
Convention and Triennidal as certified 
Deputies, Delegates and Bishops. 

I wish to add my congratulations to 
you on your most recent awards. I 
hear lovely reports about The 
Communicant from people all over 
the country who are fortunate enough 
to be on the mailing list. I also hear 
some envious sighs! 


Scott T. Evans 

Durham, NC 

The Communicant— September 1982— Page 5 


The Generation In Between 

An examination of the worries and possibilities of 
middle-age, the generation which carries the 

rest of society. 


November 5-6. The conference begins at 5 p.m. Friday, Nov. 5 
and will conclude by 3 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 6. 

Conducted by: 

Marty Lakin, Professor of Sociology, Duke University and 

Professor of Psychiatry, Duke Medical Center 

Jean O'Barr, Director, Office of Continuing Education and 

Associate Professor of Political Science, Duke University. 


The Sheraton Center in Durham, NC 


$65 per person for lodging, meals and conference materials. 

Deadline for registration is October 29, 1982 







Yes I will be attending the conference on The Generation In Between. 

Make checks payable to: 

The Episcopal Center for 

Continuing Education 

Mail to: 

P.O. Box 4844 

Duke Station 

Durham, NC 27706 

Page 6— The Communicant— September 1982 

Church to debate national defense 

"Peacemaking is the one 
activity through which the 
divine image is most clear- 
ly seen, ' ' the Joint Commission on 
Peace is urging the General Conven- 
tion to lead the Episcopal Church in 
one of the broadest studies of peace 
issues ever proposed. 

The last meeting of the General Con- 
vention- 1979 -created a 12-member 
Commission with a mandate to devel- 
op "a comprehensive program for im- 
plementing the 1962 House of Bis- 
hops Pastoral Letter as it pertains to 
peace and war." 

The letter had noted that: "Because of 
the nature of the Christian faith, 
Christians have an imperative obliga- 
tion to pray and work for peace a- 
mong men and nations. Questions of 
war and peace are not remote and 
peripheral concerns for the commit- 
ted Christian; they grow out of basic 
understandings of man and his desti- 
ny which are inherent in the Chris- 
tian revelation. . .The Church cor- 
porate and individual Christians must 
meet all the issues of war and peace, 
including the menace of nuclear 
weapons. At all levels of its life, the 
Church must charge its people with 
the insistent duty of working with all 
their strength for the prevention and 
elimination of war." 

to that is a three-part report 
that examines implications 
of the Christian tradition of 
historical, theological and scriptural 
encounters with peacemaking; ex- 
plores domestic and international im- 
plications of this tradition and the 
current world situation and makes 
specific programmatic recommenda- 
tions for the Church. 

The Commission report itself is likely 
to become a major resource since it 
draws its conclusions and recommen- 
dations out of extensive examinations 
of Christian writings and action in re- 
sponse to the role of faith in matters 
of national security, secular responsi- 
bility and conduct of war; examina- 
tions grounded in the consistent ac- 
tions of the Lord in his earthly 

From these, the Commission finds 
clear moral direction for the Church 
to take an active role in informed de- 
bate especially in laying out the locus 
of a nation' s security, the rationale for 
deterrance policies and the moral 
limits of nuclear strategy. 

the report, the Commission at- 
tempts to help frame the debate 
over domestic and international 
implications of policies that affect 
peace-making— ranging from food sup- 
ply, through worldwide interdepen- 
dence and the lessons to be drawn 
from those modern occasions where 
nations have resorted to arms only 
to see their goals and structure fur- 
ther damaged. 

The report has been sent— along with 
the reports of all other commissions 
and committees— to all bishops and 
deputies to Convention and will form 
the basis of the debate on these diffi- 
cult issues at the September meeting 
of the General Convention in New 

In addition, it has also been printed 
and distributed as a separate publica- 
tion by Forward Movement so that it 
will be widely and cheaply available 
to study the groups and congregations 
throughout the church. 

If you think it's time Christianity raised its voice in the life and death issues of our 
age, come and join us in the active worship and fellowship of the Episcopal Church. 

Will man destroy in 

six minutes what it took God 

six days to create? 

This ad is one in a series of six new ads prepared by the Episcopal Ad Project on key social 
issues. The ad is available for purchase by local parishes from the Episcopal Ad Project, 
4557 Colfax Ave. South, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55409. 

Hymnal sounds a note of change 

new Orleans— With little controversy 
and almost no dissent, the deputies 
and bishops at the 67th General Con- 
vention approved the first revision of 
the Church's hymnal in 42 years. 

The new hymnal received unanimous 
approval in the House of Bishops, and 
only drew two negative votes in the 
House of Deputies, which approved it 
by a vote of 108-1-2 in the clerical or- 
der, and 105-1-3 in the lay order. 

Expected to be a controversial and 
emotional issue, the revision of the 
Church's hymnal created very little 
stir among the delegates. Much of the 
credit must go to the Church's Stand- 
ing Commission on Church Music, 
which has been working on the pro- 
ject for nine years. 

After more than six years of study, 
the 1979 General Convention direct- 
ed the Commission to "present to the 
1982 Convention a collection of hymn 
texts for an enriched and updated 
Hymnal." The Commission and its 
consultants spent the past three years 
preparing the recommended collection 
of 599 texts. 

Proposed Texts included 337 of the 
608 texts from the Hymnal 1940, 115 
texts from previously-published sup- 

plementSr and 147 texts which have 
never appeared in an official Episco- 
pal hymnal before. 

About half of the 337 texts from the 
Hymnal 1940 which are recommended 
for retention are included without 
change in Proposed Texts. 

Some textual alterations in well- 
known hymns have been made to en- 
hance their singability. 

Among the changes to make language 
more inclusive are: "gladly raising" 
instead of "all men raising" in stanza 
three of "We three kings of Orient 
are"; "and we with all creation/in 
chorus make reply" for "and mortal 
men, and all things/created make re- 
ply" in stanza two of "All glory, laud, 
and honor"; "mankind to deliver, 
manhood didst put on" instead of 
"manhood to deliver, manhood didst 
put on" in stanza four of "Welcome, 
happy morning"; "Joy, the best that 
any knoweth," for "Joy, the sweetest 
man e'er knoweth" in stanza two of 
"Deck thyself, my soul, with glad- 
ness"; and "Christians, this Lord Je- 
sus" for "Brothers, this Lord Jesus" 
in the final stanza of "At the Name of 
Jesus every knee shall bow." 

All texts from the Hymnal 1940 and 

its supplements, as well as new texts, 
were reviewed by the Commission's 
theological and text committees. Ac- 
cording to the foreward, "Only texts 
which have been judged theologically 
sound are being recommended for in- 
clusion." Two texts which "have 
gained popular currency because of 
their association with excellent tunes" 
have recommended for deletion on 
grounds of fallacious theology. 

"Turn back, O man, forswear thy 
foolish ways" has been deleted be- 
cause of its Pelagian content. Pelagian 
theology, condemned as a heresy by 
the Church in the fifth century, con- 
tends that the initial and fundamen- 
tal steps towards salvation are made 
by human effort, apart from the assis- 
tance of divine grace. According to 
the Rev. Marion Hatchett, chairman 
of the text committee, the hymn's ref- 
erence to an "inner God" (con- 
science), and phrases such as "would 
man but wake from out his haunted 
sleep,/earth might fair. . ." render it 
theologically unsound. "The first 
line," Hatchett said, "is a superb state- 
ment about the need to repent. But 
the text falls apart theologically after 

James Russell Lowell's "Once to 
every man and nation" has been 

recommended for deletion on the 
grounds that its basic premise denies 
the fact that God repeatedly forgives 
his people and gives them more than 
one opportunity to amend their lives. 
Hatchett also cited "extraordinarily 
ambivalent and misleading" phrases 
such as "some great cause, God's 
new Messiah" and "time makes 
ancient good uncouth" as reasons for 
deleting the text. 

The foreward states that in these and 
other instances, the "splendid tunes 
will be retained for use with other 
texts, thereby maintaining our singing 

Unlike the Book of Common Prayer, 
which requires action by two suc- 
cessive General Convention, hymn 
texts are authorized for use in the 
Episcopal Church by a single Con- 

According to Raymond Glover, gen- 
eral editor of the Hymnal, if Conven- 
tion acceptes Proposed Texts it will 
take the Commission another three 
years to prepare music editions. Pub- 
lication of pew and accompaniment 
editions could happen no earlier than 

The Communicant— September 1982— Page 7 






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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 


October, 1982 

Acolytes surprise the bishop 
with a special testimonial 

' We youth owe you a special thanks. 
You have been a special gift from 
God, and a gift we are going to miss 
very much. . . " —Deanna Simons 


At the eucharist during the Acolyte Festi- 
val in October, Deanna Simons surprised 
Bishop Fraser by reading a brief state- 
ment of gratitude on behalf of the youth 
of the diocese for the ministry of the 
eighth Bishop of North Carolina. Simons 
is a member of the Youth Commission 
and Youth Representative to the Dioce- 
san Council. The full text of her remarks 
is printed below: 

I am here on behalf of the youth to 
speak about our Bishop. Well, how can 
I speak about a man who has meant so 
much to me personally, as he has 
meant to this Diocese? 

As a boy, my father grew up knowing 
you just as I have grown up knowing 
you. My only childhood recollections 
are of a medium height man, dressed 
in many garments who was continual- 
ly talking. 

As I grew' older, though, I found out 
that what you said was not just a 
mouthful of words. You always had 
something important to say, and like 
the other people in the church, or 
conference room, I always listened in- 
tently to your conversations. 

You constantly spoke of something 

that would benefit the diocese, but 
you were open to anyone's sugges- 
tions about your work. You always 
seemed to have the time to listen 
whenever a teenager had a specific 
question or comment, just as if the 
teenager had been one of your closest 
friends. And you always wanted to 
hear the opinion of young people as 
well as adults. 

That is why I feel that we, the youth, 
owe you a special thanks. The Confer- 
ence Center at Browns Summit will 
soon have facilities for youth, and 
without your help, there would be no 
Youth Director or Youth Commission 
to serve the diocese. 

You have always seemed to care a- 
bout us, and your willingness to be 
there as a resource for us has been 
one of your silent jobs, and one you 
have always been glad to do. 

How, ao you rotiro ttc ovir BicKop, VA7« 

have a job that we must do. Thomas 
Fraser, you have been our confidante, 
our brother and our friend. But, most- 
ly, you have been a special gift from 
God and a gift we are going to miss 
very much. 

Thank you for the love and the special 
gifts you have given all of us.fl 

Fall festival is Fraser' s last as bishop 

Durham— They came from all parts of 
the diocese to take Duke Chapel by 
storm. And the Chapel took a. holiday. 

Over a thousand acolytes from par- 
ishes and missions across the diocese 
gathered on the Duke University Cam- 
pus here on Saturday, October 9, for 
the annual Acolyte Festival. 

Banners held high, they entered the 
chapel— youth for the moment king, 
triumphant over the gothic solemnity 
in a carnival of sight and sound. 

More than 1,200 people attended this 
year's Acolyte Festival Eucharist, the 
largest annual worship service of the 
diocese. The walls of the Gothic chap- 
el resounded with the power of voices 
raised as one in the Lord's Prayer and 
echoed the energetic movements of a 
thousand young people in high spirits. 

Ranging from elementary school to 
college age, the acolytes made their 
annual pilgrimage to Durham where 
they were treated to a day of festival, 
food and football. 

Kids and adults alike enjoyed a eu- 
charist, a box lunch in Wallace Wade 

Stadium and a hotly-contested football 
game between Duke and Virginia 
Tech on a crisp fall afternoon. 

At the mid-morning eucharist, they 
heard the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser 
urge them "to continue to grow and 
be nurtured in the faith and involved 
in the work of the church." 

Fraser was both preacher and cele- 
brant for the service which was the 
last Acolyte Festival he will attend as 
Bishop of North Carolina. He retires 
on January 1, 1983. 

Fraser used the occasion to reflect on 
the history of the event, and the im- 
portance of youth in the life of the 

"When we began this event 17 years 
ago, we expected 75 young people to 
show up for the service to be held at 
St. Philip's Church in Durham. When 
900 signed up, we had to move the 
service to Duke Chapel where it has 
been held ever since," Fraser said. 

The Festival has been a major event 
in the life of the diocese for 17 consec- 
utive years, he explained. "We tried 

cancelling it one year just to see if it 
really had the support of the people. 
We got so many complaints that we 
put it right back on the fall calendar, 
where it remains as a great day in our 
life together." 

' 'Youth ministry is one of the highest 
priorities of this diocese, ' ' Fraser told 
his audience. "I have known in my 
ministry here your parents, your older 
sisters and your brothers who began 
as acolytes in their own parishes." 

Service as an acolyte plays a key role 
in the growth of many young people, 
Fraser said, noting that "there is hard- 
ly a Sunday that I do not meet some- 
one who has grown up in the life of 
the church in this diocese and who be- 
gan as an acolyte." 

"This will be my last Acolyte Festi- 
val," Fraser said. "Your presence here 
today is a great joy to me. It warms 
the cockles of my heart and leaves me 
with the fervent prayer that you will 
continue to grow and be nurtured in 
the faith, and take your place in the 
service of the church." 

Fraser' s homily was followed by an 

expression of thanks from the youth 
of the diocese delivered by Deanna 

Simons, a member of the Youth Com- 
mission and Youth Representative on 
the Diocesan Council, surprised the 
Bishop with a brief address in which 
she described him as "our confidante, 
our brother and our friend... but, 
mostly, a special gift from God and a 
gift we are going to miss very much." 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill pre- 
sided at the Liturgy of the Word for 
the service, which was organized by 
the Commission on Liturgy and Wor- 
ship under the direction of the Rev. 
Phillip Byrum. The Rector of Christ 
Church in Albebarle, Byrum served as 
master of ceremonies for the event. 

The Rev. L. Murdock Smith, III, Assis- 
tant to the Rector at St. Mary's Church 
in High Point, served as Deacon and 
the Rev. Michael B. Curry as Marshal. 
Curry is the Rector of St. Stephen's 
Church in Winston-Salem. 

Music for the celebration was provid- 
ed under the direction of Jane L. 
, Lynch, organist. S 














































Council grososM budgat* railing; fnv 
8.8 "fa increase in diocesan spending 

RALEIGH— The coming year will see pro- 
gram spending rise and episcopal mainte- 
nance costs fall, according to the pro- 
posed 1983 budgets adopted at the Sep- 
tember meeting of the Diocesan Council. 

Acting on the recommendations of the 
Department of Finance, Council members 
voted to accept 1983 budgets of $368,749 
for Episcopal Maintenance (down 10%) and 
♦943,731 foiChurch Program (up 13.5%). 

Council's action will require a combined in- 
crease of 3.8% in the maintenance assess- 
ments and program quotas assigned to in- 
dividual parishes over those assigned last 

Detailed breakdowns of the proposed bud- 
gets for 1983 have been sent to every con- 
gregation in the diocese, along with assess- 
ment and quota assignments. A final, re- 
vised budget for 1983 must be approved 
at the January meeting of the Diocesan 
Council, and will be printed In the pre-con- 
ventlon issue of The Communicant. 

In related business, the Council: 

• adopted a minimum salary schedule for 
clergy with the base set at $20,700 for cler- 
gy paying their own housing and utility ex- 
penses. The base figure is further adjusted 
for those clergy whose housing and utility 

• heard a report from the Treasurer, 
Michael Schenck, m which noted that the 
balance of $196,000 remains outstanding 
on the Conference Center construction loan. 
Schenck explained that because most cam- 
paign pledges are due In $1982, "I have no 
reason at this point to believe that the 
churches of the diocese will not meet their 
original committments, thus this remaining 
construction debt should be paid by year 

• heard a report on General Convention 
from Council member and deputy Joseph 
B. Cheshire, Jr.' 

• authorized the Standing Committee to 
spend $16,000 from the Episcopal Mainten- 
ance Reserve Fund for a portalt of Bishop 

• heard Bishop Estill announce that the 
Board of Directors of the Conference Center 
had employed Joseph B. (Dick) Hord, Jr. as 
the new Executive Director, beginning Oc- 
tober 1. 

• heard a progress report on the work of 
the Diocesan Commission on Alcoholism. 

• approved a motion that the position of 
Youth Director In the 1982 Program Budget 
be changed to Program Director, effective 
immediately, to enable Bishop Estill to be- 
gin talking with possible candidates for that 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Concord churches borrow $1.7 million 
to house the elderly and handicapped 

CONCORD— Cabarrus County will have a 
new 50-unlt housing complex for the elder- 
ly and handicapped, thanks to the efforts of 
two local churches, federal authorities an- 
nounced last month. 

Construction Is expected to begin within 18 
months, according to the Bev. Robert L. 
Sessum, Rector of All Saint's Episcopal 
Church in Concord. All Saint's joined with 
Central United Methodist Church to form 
Methodist Episcopal Senior Housing, Inc., 
the corporation which will oversee con- 
struction and start-up of the new project. 

Housing for the elderly Is in short supply 
in Cabarrus County; the only area faculties 
carry long waiting lists for the few apart- ■ 
ments which become available each year. 

In addition to the $1.7 million construction 
loan, the non-profit corporation has also re- 
ceived the guarantee of federal subsidy of 
up to $244,200 annually to support low-in- 
come housing. 

Sessum Is quick to point out that apart- 
ments will be open to all elderly and hand- 
icapped residents of Cabarrus County, re- 
gardless of faith. In fact, the ecumenical 
nature of the project was one of Its chief at- 
tractions, he explains; that, and the chance 
to respond to a pressing need in the com- 
munity in a dramatic and effective fashion. 

And as far as the members of Central Uni- 
ted Methodist were concerned, the feeling 
was mutual. After months of discussion and 
planning, both churches approved a state 
ment that "the Gospel of Jesus Christ com- 
pels us to serve our fellow human beings 
and that these HUD funds give us an oppor- 
tunity to serve in a way that might not oth- 
erwise be possible." 

And each congregation backed up its words 
with a pledge to put up one-half of one per- 
cent of the total construction loan ($6,000 
each) to meet HUD's escrow requirement. 

When finished, the new project will make a 
real contribution to the larger community. 

Rut. eruirah memhflro ova aoxivixiaod that 

their months of hard work and their will- 
ingness to take risks has already had tan- 
gible payoffs for their own congregations. 

"We're ecstatic," Sessum admits. "It puts 
us right smack back where we ought to be, 
helping people." 

"And our diocese is already planning to use 
this as a model for other Episcopal parish- 
es, as proof that you don't need to be a big 
downtown parish In a large city to make a 
real difference." 

Nuclear arms race to be explored in 
a lecture series at Chapel Hill church 

CHAPEL HILL— The nuclear arms race has 
sparked demonstrations In Central Park, 
debates in New England town meetings, 
and a referendum in Wisconsin. Now the 
most provocative issue of the 20th century 
is the subject of six Sunday evening pro- 
grams at the Church of the Holy Family In 
Chapel Hill. 

Entitled The Nuclear Arms Race; Deterrent 
or Disaster? , the lecture and discussion 
series began October 10 and will continue 
through November 14. The October pro- 
grams Included presentations on the medi- 
cal aspects of nuclear war, the nature of the 
Soviet threat, weapons and strategy and the 
social and economic Impact of the arms 

On November 7, the Honorable Richardson 
Preyer, former Congressman, will lecture on 
"The Political Prospects for Peace", begin- 
ning at 7:30 p.m. Sunday at the Church on 
Hayes Road in Chapel Hill. 

On November 14, the Rev. William Finlator, 
retired pastor of Pullen Memorial Baptist 
Church in Raleigh, will lead an ecumenical 
worship service to conclude the series. 

The church has sponsored the series as a 
service to the entire Chapel Hill community, 
according to the Rector, the Rev. J. Gary 

"We believe this is an issue that needs to 
be thoroughly discussed," explains Fulton, 
who chaired the committee that planned the 

"And we believe it is appropriate, given th 
magnitude of the issue, for the church to 
help not only its own parishioners bu also 
members of the community to reach a bet- 
ter understanding of this overriding con- 

Bishop Estill to be instituted as 
Diocesan at Convention this Januar 

GREENSBORO— The 167th Annual Conver 
tion of the Diocese of North Carolina will 
be held at the Sheraton University Center 
in Durham on January 27-29, according t 
a notice released this month by the Rev. 
Carl F. Herman, Secretary op the Diocese 

The Convention will be hosted by the Epls- ^ , 
copal Churches of Durham and Chapel Hil 
and will begin with business sessions in 
the Sheraton Center on Friday, January 2( 

At the opening service In Duke Chapel at 
7:30 Thursday evening, the Rt. Rev. Rober 
W. Estill will be Instituted as the ninth 
Bishop of North Carolina. 

Registration of delegates will be done at 
the Sheraton beginning at 8:00 a.m. on Fri 
day, January 28. The first business sesslor 
will begin at 10:00 a.m. that day. 

Noted Anglican evangelist to lead 
preaching mission at Holy Trinity 

GREENSBORO— Perhaps the most famous 
evangelist In the worldwide Anglican Com- 
munion will lead a four-day preaching 
misslonNorth Carolina, thanks to the ef- 
forts of Greensboro's Holy Trinity Church. 

Canon Bryan Green'a career as a priest and 
evangelist spans the greater part of the 20t) 
century. He has preached at cathedrals 
throughout the world and lectured at most 
of the major universities. In the course of 
one week's time, he addressed more than 
50,000 people at the Cathedral of St. John 
the Divine in New York city. 

At 81, he is widely recognized as one of 
the most enthusiastic and effective evan- 
gelists in the world today, according to the 
Rev. John Tol Broome, Rector of Holy Trin- 

"I first heard Bryan Green preach at the 
Washington Cathedral when I was a teen- 
ager and I was strongly influenced by this 
inspirational and humorous servant of the 
Lord," Broome recalls. 

Known for his forthright stance on the gos- 
pel and his infectious sense of humor, his 
unusual style is characterized by a com- 
ment he made during one preaching mission 
at William and Mary College. 

"I particularly enjoy meeting atheists and 
agnostics," Green explained. "It's no fun 
if everybody sits around agreeing with each 

Green's series of evening preaching services 
will begin at 8:00 p.m. Sunday, November 
7 and run through Wednesday, November 
10. Nursery care will be provided during 
the services, which will be followed by 
a coffee and conversation period. 

'Theology for Our Daily Life' will 
be the theme of December conference 

PITTSBORO— The Education for Ministry 
Program of the diocese will, present an 
overnight program at the diocesan Confer- 
ence Center on December 3 on SMaf lew Lift 
to the Ordinary: D»«loplnf a Theolo0 (or Oar Daily 

Under the direction of the Rev. John de 
Beer, the conference will help participants 
strengthen their awareness of the connec- 
tion between faith and dally life through 
exploration of recent developments in the 
process of theological reflection. 

A native of South Africa, and a graduate 
In theology from Oxford University, de Beer 
is the staff trainer for the University of the 
South's Education for Ministry program. 

Jointly sponsored by the Education and 
Training Committee, the conference will be- 
gin at 5:30 p.m., December 3 and conclude 
by mid-afternoon December 4. Total cost of 
the conference will be $36, and some schol- 
arship assistance Is available. Further in- 
formation concerning registration and fi- 
nancial assistance can be obtained by con- 
tacting Mary Kay Hildebrandt, 1169 Pebble 
Drive, Greensboro, N.C. 27410. 


Page 2— The Communicant— October 1982 




'Episcopal priest. A grad- 
uate of Union Theologi- 
cal Seminary in New 
.York, she left the urban, 

I industrialized north in 

[une, to take on the responsibilities of 
chaplain to North Carolina State Uni- 
versity. What motivated this lifelong 
New Yorker to pull up stakes and 
head south? And what led her to 
leave a successful chaplaincy at big- 
city Syracuse University on an ex- 
tended journey deep into Wolf pack 

With the first semester begun and her 
work well underway, Schmitt may get 
around to asking these questions her- 
self one of these days. Past expe- 
rience as chaplain has convinced her 
that regular services of the eucharist 
are an essential component of ministry 
to the university, yet there is no chap- 
el on or even near the campus. And 
because the position went unfilled for 
nearly 18 months before Schmitt' s 
arrival, there was no thriving Episco- 
pal community on hand to welcome 

"I inherited nothing but a coffeepot 
and a compact refrigerator," she says 
a little ruefully. And a superficial eval- 
uation of her situation does reveal a 
number of drawbacks. But Schmitt is 
nobody's fool, and she has not come 
to be martyred to the task of raising 
an Episcopal student following like a 
phoenix from the ashes. 

Her decision to come to this diocese 
resulted from a sober assessment of 
present church politics and current 
economic realities. At a time when the 
Episcopal Church is cutting back its 
funding for chaplaincies in the eco- 
nomically-blighted northeast, Schmitt 
found herself drawn southward to an 
area where the Church seemed deter- 
mined to resist that trend. 

While she makes no secret of her 
enthusaism for the high prority which 
her newly-adopted diocese places on 
full-time university chaplaincy, she 
was also drawn to this area by its na- 
tional reputation as a center for high 

"Results of research conducted in the 
laboratories of the area universities or 
the Research Triangle Park have con- 
sequences which reach far beyond the 
provincial economy," Schmitt ex- 

"Every day, decisions are being made 
which affect the quality of our lives. 
The people who are protesting the 
dumping of PCB's know that," she 
says. In her view, an informed re- 
sponse to complicated yet unavoida- 
ble issues such as the placement of 
landfills for hazardous waste requires 
not merely tecnological sophistication 
but proper attention to ethical ques- 
tions as well. 

discernment within the univer- 
sity that she views the role of 
the chaplain in higher educa- 
tion. "The work of the Universi- 
ty is fascinating and crucially 
important," concludes Schmitt, "but 
technologists don't think of history. 
For them everything is constantly 
changing and mercurial. The church 
can bring an entirely new dimension 
to on-campus debate simply by re- 
counting the ways God has entered 
into history." 

While she does not object to de- 
scriptions of her approach to chap- 
laincy as radical or prophetic, she in- 
sists that the notion of "church as the 
conscience of the University" has a 
long and respectable tradition within 
the Anglican communion. She finds 
inspiration for her own ministry in 
what she calls "the great Episcopal 
tradition of ministry to higher educa- 
tion." The diocese's newest chaplain 
is very conscious of her role as a 
representative of God's presence 
among people where they work. She 
views this ministry to the workplace 
as an alternative to the parish ap- 
proach to college chaplaincy. Rather 
than attempt to create a simulated 
parish for Episcopalians on campus, 
Schmitt encourages them to attend 
Sunday services at the parish chur- 
ches located near the University. As 
chaplain, she believes it is her re- 
sponsibility to be present to Episcopa- 
lians at State in a way that parish 
clergy cannot. 

"I hope to be able to wander rather 
widely around the University, and 
simply drop in at places like the new 
vet school just to keep in touch with 
how folks are doing. As a priest of the 
church," she explains, "part of my job 
is to affirm the work in which people 
are involved." 

But as a representative of the church 
in the world of work, Schmitt is not 
indiscriminate in her affirmation. She 
does not shrink from the prospect of 
confronting academicians and technol 
ogists with questions about the moral 
and ethical principles for which the 
church must stand. 

"I'd like to talk to faculty and gradu- 
ate students about the industrialization 
of the university. Can knowledge be 
bought and sold? Should a degree have 
fiscal value? Is knowledge intended 
only for the elite, or does the acad- 
emy bear a responsbility to improve 
the quality of life as a partial repay- 
ment to the society which supports the 
work of the university?" 


m k\ ask tough questions, she 
g g\\ has no desire to sit in 
' g *** % judgement. "Because of 
m§ C^m\m m Y theological training 
EmJ dJand because I engage in 
serious study of the Gospel, I tend to 
ask questions that the university 
communty can't or won't bring to a 

"But I have a lot to learn from both 
faculty and students," she admits, 
"and I hope to open up a vigorous di- 

What is the point of raising the Uni- 
versity's consciousness of the moral 
dimensions of its ongoing work? To 
what end does Schmitt hope to trouble 
these waters? 

Perhaps she expressed her goals best 
in her letter mailed at the start of the 
semester to all students who had indi- 
cated interest in the Episcopal Church 
during orientation week. 

"It is my hope that this little part of 
the household of God known as the 
Episcopal Church at North Carolina 
State University can become a com- 

munity of worship as well as a place 
to meet and socialize with other stu- 
dents, faculty and university staff." 

Schmitt hopes that the community 
thus gathered for worship can give 
some thought to the bearing which 
their corporate faith has on decisions 
which are part of their working lives. 

"The worshiping community keeps 
me honest," she admits. "My respon- 
sibility begins with the eucharist, 
though it does not end there." 

As it turns out, the absence of a chap- 
el does not pose much of a problem, 
even for one who places such a high 
value on sacramental worship. Schmitt 
manages to offer two eucharists each 
week (early Tuesday morning and late 
Thursday evening), using the North 
Gallery of the student center, a space 
usually reserved to display art. 

"You can create sacred space, " 
Schmitt believes. "But when you im- 
provise, it becomes particularly impor- 
tant that you do the liturgy well." At 
such times, she explains, she puts an 
extra effort into nonverbal communi- 
cation, precision of gesture and sim- 
plicity of vestments. 

She claims anthropologist Margaret 
Mead as one of her spiritual mentors, 
borrowing from her the notion that it 
is particularly important to set aside 
some space for contemplation within 
the university setting. The sacred space 
provided by a chapel, improvised or 
otherwise, is a place for the univer- 
sity community's liturgical work. 

Carolina State University, Jac- 
queline Schmitt is answering a 
call to lead the Episcopal com- 
munity in regular worship and 
in what is, to her, a necessary 
liturgical funtion: the prayers of the 
people for their world. S 

The next chapter in the diocese's ministry 
at North Carolina State University will 
be formally acknowledged in a special 
service at which the Rev. Jacqueline 
Schmitt will be instituted as chaplain. The 
service, a Celebration of a New Ministry, 
will be held on November 17, at 7 p.m. 
in the chapel at St. Mary's College, 

The Communicant— October 1982— Pa^ 

Convention debates survival issues 


Dear Friends: 

A funny thing happened to me on the 
way to General Convention. On the 
plane to New Orleans, I heard two 
people behind me talking. . 


From The 


"This should be a dull convention; all 
the burning issues— women's ordina- 
tion and the new Prayer Book— have 
been settled. The only issue at this 
convention is world survival." 

Such was the case. 

Despite an important Interim Eucha- 
ristic Agreement with the Lutheran 
Church (now the third largest Protes- 

tant denomination in America), the ap- 
proval of a new supplement to the 
1940 Hymnal, the commitment to give 
1% of every congregation's disposable 
net income for theological education, 
and a number of other resolutions in- 
volving "churchy" things— the deep 
concerns involved the survival of this 
planet and the worldwide need for 
jobs, food and human rights. 

We listened to the world. Leaders of 
the stature of Bishop Desmond Tutu 
of South Africa, and Vice President 
George Bush spoke, Justice Sandra Day 
O'Conner, Coretta Scott King and An- 
drew Young spoke and interacted with 
each other in panel discussions. 

North Carolina's deputation was out- 
standing. Henry Lewis, Vivian Patter- 

son, Anne Tomlinson and Joseph B. 
Cheshire, Jr. represented us well and 
served on key committees, as did the 
Rev. Messers Peter James Lee, Frank 
H. Vest, Jacob A. Viverette and E. 
Dudley Colhoun, Jr.. 

Bishop Fraser was honored by the 
House of Bishops on his retirement, ' 
and I found that my seat (assigned in 
order of consecration) has moved 26 
places forward. I'm only two chairs * 
way from moving off the "back row.' 

Our own Scott Evans planned and ex- 
ecuted the program for the Episcopal 
Churchwomen's Triennial, which met 
concurrently with General Conven- 
tion. We are all proud of the role she 
played and congratulate her on her 
election as Fourth Province Represen- 
tative on the Executive Council of the 
national church. May Coleman, Mitti 
Landy and Nell Bryan were excellent 
representatives to Triennial, and Char 
lotte Shaffer attended as Secretary 
of the National Association of Dioce- 
san Altar Guilds. 

I hope the Pastoral Letter from the 
House of Bishops will spark debate 
and study in all our congregations. In- 
deed, I hope the issues of the Conven- 
tion, burning or not, will be addressed 
by everyone. S 

To worship is to hallow the ordinary 


On Sunday mornings, I often do not 
see my children until I see them in 
church. That means my first commu- 
nications with them are different in 
form and content than on other days. 
When I came back to my chair in the 
chancel after preaching what I 
thought was a passable sermon, my 
Junior Choir daughter sitting next to 
me whispered, "That was really a 
long one!" 




Going to church is not reserved for 
those whose lives are in order. (No- 
body would be here if that were the 
case!) The practice of church-going is 
a disciplined commitment to the truth 
that we belong to a community of be- 
livers. When we worship together, 
our identity is reinforced, our faith is 
strengthened— or tested— and we are 
shaped into the Body of Christ. That 
Body is incarnate; through the ordi- 
nary circumstances of our daily lives, 
we make our witness to God's pres- 
ence in us. And ordinary circumstan- 
ces include a daughter's complaint 
that her father is long-winded and a 
son's sadness that his frogs are gone. 

So when next you feel distracted or 
harried in church, or when you fall 
into the habit of staying away from 
church because your life is so busy, 
let the liturgy work its grace with 
you. It will take you as you are and 

unite you to your brothers and sisters, 
that together we may signify the 
news that God's love is present in our 

lives. S 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rec- 
tor of the Chapel of the Cross in 

Chapel Hill. His thoughts on liturgy 
are reprinted from Cross Roads. The 
Communicant is pleased to announce 
that Lee will become a regular contribu- 
. tor to these pages beginning with the 
next issue. 

Pomp and ceremony, 
chuckles and guffaws 

A week earlier, her eight-year-old 
brother was the first person on the 
far right of the alter rail at commu- 
nion. As I approached him with a 
chalice, he whispered (unobtrusively 
and even reverently), "Daddy, both 
my frogs got away last night." 

As long as they do not intrude into 
the worship of others, I'm glad my 
children incorporate what's on their 
minds into the context of worship. 
We do not leave at the church door 
the arguments about getting ready in 
time, or concerns about events (pass- 
ing anxieties, in the long view, but 
important to us at the time). We 
come to liturgy in the fullness of our 
humanity— which may include irrita- 
tions, regrets, distractions, as well as 
thankful or fearful hearts. 

Page 4— The Communicant— October 1982 

Seen at the General Convention in 
New Orleans: 

•A man directing Triennial delegates 
prior to the opening service: "The Tri- 
ennial will be the backside and four a- 
breast and the programs will be on 
their seats." 

•The Rt. Rev. John Krumm, Suffra- 
gan Bishop of the European Convoca- 
tion of Churches: "I minister to an ex- 
patriate and itinerant band of people 
who are much like their yachts— drift- 
ing about aimlessly or rusting at their 

•A priest of the Church who hired 
the Preservation Hall Jazz Band to play 
"Nearer My God to Thee," a hymn 
dropped from the 1982 hymnal, while 
he interred the appropriate page from 
the 1940 Hymnal under a flagstone in 
a New Orleans courtyard. 

• Two Anglican nuns being escourt- 
ed by police into a police station wag- 
on for a courtesy ride to the Conven- 
tion Center. "How embarassing, " one 
was heard to say. 

•The House of Deputies sent a mes- 
sage to the House of Bishops saying it 


The Pew 

concurred in the bishops' legislative 
resolution, except for an amendment 
which changed the first "c" in the 
word "church" from lower-case to up- 
per-case. Parliamentary rules forced 
the House of Bishops to re-concur in 
the action or the legislation would 
have failed. 

• Convention deputy to an airline 
ticket agent in New Orleans, trying to 
change reservations: "I'm calling from 
the Episcopal General Convention and 
I want to change my plane departure. 
Ticket agent: "My God, they're still 
here ?!!"S 

These views of General Convention ori- 
ginally appeared in Advance, published 
by the Episcopal Diocese of Chicago, and 
are reprinted with permission. 

Hymnal reformers draw reader's ire 

Hymnal reformers guilty of 
"theological gnat-straining" 

Dear Editor: 

Of all the dangers facing the Church 
today, Pelagianism must stand close to 
the bottom of the list. Hymnal reform- 
ers who insist they are removing Turn 
Back, O Man, Forswear Thy Foolish 
Ways, because of heresies in the text 
are engaging in theological gnat strain- 
ing. Turn to hymn 536, read all three 
stanzas, and it is immediately evident 
why the Rev. Mr. Hatchett {God! what 
an appropriate name) had to do away 
with Mr. Bax's admirable poetry. 

As for James Russell Lowell's Once to 
Every Man and Nation, an understand- 
ing of mid-nineteenth century poetry 
and some knowledge of mid-nineteenth 
century American politics might have 
clarified things for Mr. Hatchett. Per- 
haps the text should be eliminated, 
but the reasons thus far advanced are 

Before I am dragged off to the La Brea 
tar pits, let me say I am an ardent 
supporter of the feminist movement; I 
wholeheartedly applaud the aims of 
the ERA and its ancillary causes. But- 
censoring hymn books ain't where it's 


Clifford Sanderson 

Durham, North Carolina 

Oxford church will share 
cookbook publishing info 

Dear Editor: 

In the past two years St. Stephen's. 
Oxford has published a History of the 
Parish and a Parish Cookbook. I know 
some other congregations that have 
published similar books and some on 
other subjects such as Lay Visiting 
Communion Bread, Confirmation In- 
structions, etc. Some have written 
their own settings for Eucharist as 
well as other music for choir or con- 

Our latest venture, a fine cookbook 
entitled The Best in Cooking was just 
published by the Churchwomen of the 
parish. The process was not difficult, 
the company we worked with was 
most helpful, and our first thousand 
copies are almost sold out. We'll be 
glad to share the idea and process 
with anyone interested in doing their 

It has occured to some of us who 
have been involved in producing our 
local works that others may not know 
of such resources— and we don't know 
about theirs. If anyone would care to 
send us information about their local 
publications, we will be glad to put to- 
gether a listing of such to be made a- 
vailable at a future date. It would 
help us to have a description of the 
publication, a price and a contact per- 
son or address for ordering purposes. 

Sincerely yours, 

Harrison T. Simons 

Education/Liturgy Resources 

St. Stephen's Church 

Box 194 

Oxford, NC 27565 


September front page adds 
new meaning to "holy see" 

Dear Editor: 

While enjoying a chuckle over the 
front page of your latest issue, I could 
not but wonder if you had offered a 
midrash on the phrase "Holy See." 

Thank you for your publication and 
your humour. 


Michael G. Thomas 

Assistant Director of Development 

Berkely Divinity School 

Yale University 

New Haven, Connecticut 

More comments on cover 

Dear Editor: 

I laugh everytime I think about the 
cover of your September issue. It was 
a stroke of genius. 


Thomas E. Lippart 

Rector, St. Stephen's Church 

Escanaba, Michigan 

Says Jesus Christ invites 
everyone, to go to Cursillio 

Dear Editor: 

Nearly 2,000 years ago, Christ called 
an odd assortment of twelve to be his 
disciples. James and John, "Sons of 
Thunder," whose mother was ambi- 
tious for them; Matthew, a hated tax 
collector; Simon, the Zealot; Peter, a 
hot-headed, impulsive fisherman, and 
Judas Ischariot, treasurer, trader, 
twisted traitor. Certainly a 'rag-tag' 
band. But they had one thing in com- 
mon. They were called into the fel- 
lowship of Jesus Christ. That was the 
single strand of commonality in their 
strange life together. 

On July 22, 1982, another odd assort- 
ment of men and women answered 
Christ's call. They came from just as 
varied and different places as the ori- 
ginal twelve, but they, too, were wo- 
ven together in unity and love by 
Christ himself, to be God's people in 
the world. They were called by his 
name and they responded. These 32 
were Cursilliesta's who spent three in- 
tense and spirit-filled days in order 
that on the fourth day they might go 
back into their own environments and 
be his disciples. 

That is what a Cursillo is all about— 
men and women sharing and experi- 
ence of God's love and the joy of a 

"That's it? Just a bowl of cherries?" 

})*4 rf# 





community of believers, studying to- 
gether to learn a method for living the 
Christian life. 

The program begins on a Thursday 
evening and continues through Sun- 
day evening. During the weekend 
there are talks, prayers, singing, cor- 
porate worship, discussion, dialogue 
and fun. Candidates have an opportu- 
nity to examine their faith, share ideas 
and thoughts and come to a better un- 
derstanding of God's love. It is a short 
course in Christianity focusing on the 
ways a Christian may apply these 
principles in his or her daily life. 

A renewal experience can be in store 
for all Episcopalians. Christ cordially 
invites all to join one of these diverse 
groups and "make a Cursillo." 


Pat Earle 

Greensboro, North Carolina 

A poetic tribute in memory 
of the Reverend John Gray 

Dear Editor: 

With the support and encouragement 
of our Rector and friend, the Rev. 
Downs Spitler, I am sending the en- 
closed for publication in The Commu- 
nicant, believing it to be, in a small 
way, a collective expression of our 
feeling regarding the life and death of 
Jack Gray. 

Summer fled 
into the sluices 
catching on its rim, 
like a chalice proffered, 
truth and goodness 
love beyond love 
while the bleating sun 
in thin pulse 
began to whimper 
And a man bowed down to constant 

The dove 

hid in pine nestings 
and the quail at woods edge 
sat low under the myrtle, 
in silent catena we watched 
the silky slender yellow fall 
soft on the altar fair 
And a man bowed down to constant 

In the high heat 
of the desert afternoon 
above the broken crosses of suguaro, 
the mequite, the rock scarred mesa' 
dust swirled, drifted 
onto the umber red of adobe earth 
And a man bowed down to constant 

In the night 

cereus unclasped its lambent petals 
in supplication 

and bloomed on the desert floor 
while summer fled, 
fled windward 
And a man bowed down to constant 

On August 18, 1982, the Rev. John A.Gray, 
former Rector of St. Timothy's Church in Wilson 
and a priest of this diocese, died in a canoeing 
accident while vacationing in Wyoming. It is to 
Mrs. Gray that this poem is dedicated. 

Sincerely yours, 

Barbara Wray 

Wilson, North Carolina 

Thanks for good coverage 
of Episcopal Churchwomen 

Dear Editor: 

Thank you for the coverage you have 
given the Churchwomen in the past 
two issues of The Communicant. It's 
nice to be recognized and appreciated. 
However, I felt the cartoon of the 
battling ladies was a little drastic. 

True, we debated some important and 
emotional issues, but we didn't come 
to blows over any of them. While our 
discussions where lively and some- 
times hotly debated, when we disa- 
greed it was certainly in a loving spir- 
it. It seems a healthy sign for the 
Church that we are able to disagree 
in a loving way and that we are free to 
openly discuss the issues that are im- 
portant to all of us. 


Mary Harris 

Immediate Past President 

The Episcopal Churchwomen 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 

The Communicant— October 196 

A Glass 

New poll gives profile of Episcopalians 


new YORK— They're not your average 
Americans. In fact, if recent opinion 
polls are to be believed, Episcopalians 
are more affluent, better educated 
and more religious than most every- 
body else in this country. 

Ninety-four percent say religion is im- 
portant in their lives, according to a 
' 'Profile of Episcopalians' ' prepared 
by a State of the Church Committee 
for last month's General Convention 
in New Orleans. 

That's a full eight points higher than 
the percentage attributed to average 
Americans, according to the most re- 
cent Gallup Poll. 

Almost all members pray regularly 
(99 percent), usually "about once a 
day, and more than half pray at meal 
time. Seventy-eight percent worship 
at least twice each month and 47 per- 
cent do so every week. Only 3 per- 
cent never attend, a drop of 5 points 
in the total checking this category on 
a similar survey conducted in 1978. 

The 2.8 million-member-denomina- 
tion, is one of 26 national churches 
stemming from the Church of En- 
gland who now make up a worldwide 
Anglican Communion of some 70 mil- 
lion people. 

The present study was based on a 
sampling of 2,000 members of the 
denomination, 964 of whom respond- 
ed to a postal survey. 

More than half, or 58 percent, have 
been members of some other denomi- 
nation, the largest percentage coming 
from Methodist, Roman Catholic and 
Baptist churches. 

Caucasians comprise 96 percent of 
the membership (compared with 83 

percent of the general population), 
blacks 3 percent and Orientals 1 per- 

A majority, 58 percent, are college 

graduates, and 31 peroent liave taken 

postgraduate training. Only 30 per- 
cent of the larger U.S. population 
have completed college. 

Seventy-one percent of church house- 
holds had incomes above $20,000 last 
year, which places them ahead of 68 
percent of all American households. 
Nearly half-the members are in busi- 
ness or the professions and 25 percent 
are retired. Seven percent are in 
clerical or sales positions, and only 3 
percent are manual workers. 

Belief about the Bible has changed 
sharply since 1978, according to last 
year's survey. The number of Episco- 
palians who believe the Bible is "to 
be taken literally, word for word," 
has dropped from 15 percent to 11 
percent, and the proportion of mem- 
bers who bebelieve that the Bible is 
the "inspired word of God, but not 
everything in it shoul be taken liter- 
ally," has increased from 74 percent 
to 80 percent. Thus, neither those 
who take the Bible absolutely literally 
nor those who accept it as a mere 
book of legends represent majority 
views in the Episcopal Church. 

When the belief of Episcopalians was 
linked to behavior, it was found that 
their "record of attendance" is 
substantially higher than the average 
American's. More than three in four 
Episcopalians attend Church at least 
twice a month, compared to only 47 
percent of Americans as a whole. 

The proportion of Episcopalians who 
say they make financial pledges to the 
Church dropped from 97 percent to 
91 percent. The State of the Church 
Committee noted that this rather 
sharp drop may be because the ques- 

tion was asked in a slightly different 
form in 1981. "Under any circum- 
stances," the Committee observed, 
"the number of members who say 
they pledge is still very high, and 
may reflect intention as well as actual 

Fifty-three percent of Episcopalians 
think the tithe— described in the 
survey as 10 percent of income for 
God's work— is a "good standard," 
with the strongest support coming 
from households with income under 
$20,000 (61 percent). Only 41 percent 
of households with income of more 
than $50,000 favor the tithe as a stan- 
dard. "Widows and divorced persons 
are more likely than other members 
to affirm the tithe as a standard," the 
Committee observed. 

The survey revealed that involvement 
in Church activities was very high in 
1981, with the most frequent activi- 
ties cited being the Episcopal Church- 
women (22 percent); fund-raising (19 
percent); vestry (14 percent); alter 
guild (13 percent); helping human 
needs (12 percent); acolyte, chalice 
bearer, lay reader (11 percent); 
church school teaching (11 percent); 
and choir and adult education (10 

Episcopalians prefer parishes that 
have family-oriented activities (49 
percent), adult study programs (40 
percent), weekday worship (39 per- 
cent), youth groups (29 percent), and 
prayer groups (22 percent). 

Activities which are sometimes miss- 
ing but wanted in parishes include a 
professional counseling service (14 
percent), a senior citizens' program 
(14 percent), cultural programs (14 
percent), a program for single adults 
(13 percent), and a program for young 
married couples (13 percent). 

More than 30 percent of those re- 

sponding told of specific ministry and 
outreach activities beyond their parish 
in which they were engaged, such as 
visiting the sick and shut-ins, and do- 
ing volunteer work with organizations 
such as the Red Cross or Cancer Soci- 
ety. Nearly 8 percent of the respon- 
dents saw their own occupation as a 
form of ministry. 

Some 58 percent of the adult mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church were 
formerly members of another denom- 
ination, the Committee reported. The 
largest proportion came from the 
United Methodist Church (26 per- 
cent), the Roman Catholic Church (19.3 
percent), and the Baptist Churches 
(16.9 percent). Forty-eight percent of 
adult Episcopalians in 1978 had pre- 
viously belonged to another church. 

Respondents' reasons for affiliating 
with his or her local parish, in order 
of frequency, are: type of liturgical 
worship, the rector, the way faith was 
presented, the sacramental emphasis, 
and geographically close. Thus, the 
style of worship and characteristics of 
the rector are the most important rea- 
sons Episcopalians give for affiliating 
with a local church. 

A Gallup survey, reported in Religion 
in America, 1979-1980, said that the 
key issues facing the Church were 
abortion, interfaith marriage, preju- 
dice in voting, and the place of the 
homosexual in American society. 

The State of the Church Committee 
found no more than 1 percent of 
Episcopalians in the 1981 survey 
were concerned about these issues. 
Respondents cited the following as 
the important issues facing the 
Church: concern over young people, 
vitality of the Church, making the 
Church more relevant to life, social 
issues, and survival of the local 


-The Communicant— October 1982 

And they continued steadfastly in the Apostle's doctrine 
and fellowship, in the breaking of bread and in the 
prayers. Acts 2:42 

Jesus to the clergy and lai- 
ty of the Episcopal Church, 
from their bishops. Hard 
work and hope have marked our ex- 
perience at the 67th General Conven- 
tion. Signs of new life in the Church 
are clear.... Such new life is of God, 
and providential in its very timing. 
Our social order suffers decayed 
moral purpose and a dying hope of 
peace. It needs nothing more urgently 
than a Christian presence of fresh 

We cannot separate life in a reborn 
Church from life in a decadent and 
suffering world, but we can be re- 
called as Christians to our true and 
enduring identity. In the power of that 
identity, Christians may add life to the 
world, refusing acquiesence in its de- 
struction and indifference to its pain. 

More and more the superpowers race 
each other for nuclear advantage. The 
future looks short for the planet. How 
shall we confront that stark prospect? 
How shall we claim hope? How shall 
we offer hope? 

Three truths we hold before ourselves 
and bid our people join us in embra- 

of Christian history that hope 
was highest when the future 
seemed shortest. When the 
earliest generation of Christians 
gathered in devotion to "the Apostle's 
doctrine and fellowship, for the 
breaking of bread and the prayers," 
they lived in daily expectation of the 
end. History's quick close, in fire and 
devastation, was a promise of the 
Lord. Yet, high-heartedness has never 
been more keen in all the generations 
of Christians since. 

The young Church demonstrates that 
hope does not need a sunny future. 
Hope does not rise from any human 
power to control. It comes by gift of 
creation's controlling power, the love 
of God in Christ. That love, in com- 
mand of ordinary lives, fashioned he- 
roes, saints and martyrs who will al- 
ways be the human measure of what 
it means to be a Christian. 

Hope is thus our heritage, a badge of 
our earliest identity. Hope in the face 
of impending calamity is what it was 
to be young in Christ. Hope is what it 
is to be young again. 

truth that for Christians, life is 
a journey. Home is not here. 
Accceptance of that truth is 
the plain source of the early Church's 
lilt in the face of doom. Steadfast in 
"the Apostles' doctrine and fellow- 
ship", their hearts were undismayed. 
The earth, for all its wonder and 
beauty, offers no abiding place. Chris- 
tians are here as pilgrims. 

Human nature may know this truth, 
quite apart from Christian belief. Just 
to be human seems to set us in search 
of home. Great moments do give us 
glimpses of what home ought to be, 
but harsh reality intrudes: restlessness, 
suspicion, dread of suffering and loss, 
human cruelty and derangement, the 
multiplying weapons of hideous vio- 
lence on which the arming nations 
squander their riches. 

To be especially deplored, since we 
were certain it would be otherwise by 

now, is the determined racism that 
grows and hardens in the world. No 
less does racism and discrimination 
seem to yield to our commitment that 
they be driven from the Church. Rac- 
ism festers as unfinished business in 
the very house of God. 

All these intruders coil like the serpent 
into every Eden. They make any para- 
dise partial, soiled and often sinister. 

The human heart is made for more 
than the earth knows how to provide, 
but just a moment of Christian belief 
can break a feverish clutch upon the 
world. Believing opens the heart to 
heaven. It sets the believer free for the 
hopeful pilgrimage of Christian calling. 

truth that Christians are bid- 
den to righteousness. Bet- 
ween the coming of Christ 
and his coming again, the credibility 
of the Christian cause is established 
and sustained by moral earnestness. 
Moral resolve understands love as ac- 
tion, not simply feeling. 

Your bishops perceive the nuclear 
arms race as the most compelling issue 
in the world public order. The arms 
race summons all morally serious peo- 
ple to action. Christians and Jews and 
all religious people are joined by mul- 
titudes of no religious allegiance. 

Thus the voice we raise in this Pastor- 
al Letter mingles with a chorus across 
the earth, in and out of the churches. 
The chorus mounts each precious day 
of life on the planet, warning against 

the strange insanity that grips the gov- 
ernments of the great nations. 

lament of the former 
American ambassador to 
the Soviet Union, George 
Kennan, who writes, "We are losing 
rational control of weapons... We are 
becoming victims of the monster we 
have created. I see it taking posses- 
sion of our imagination and behavior, 
becoming a force in its own right, 
detaching itself from the political dif- 
ferences that inspired it, and leading 
both parties inexorably to the war 
they know longer know how to 

Most of the passion for arms in Amer- 
ica appears to rise from fear of a pre- 
datory power. If Russia would slow 
down, we would slow down. If Russia 
would stop, we would stop. Who is 
free? Who is hostage to whom? From 
whence shall come the moral freedom 
to break the spiraling thrall of seeking 
security in instruments that only pur- 
chase a diminished safety for both 
countries and a mounting insecurity 
for the entire world? 

Does any Episcopalian seriously wish 
at this perilous moment for a muted 
Church, unready to risk the corrective 
clarity of a heavenly citizenship? This 
citizenship transcends in prophetic 
judgement all political systems. All hu- 
man freedom finally depends on the 
value of human life and the freedom 
from paralyzing fear that a transcen- 
dant allegiance bestows. 

We urge upon our people the detach- 
ment of penitence and forgiveness. 
Such detachment quiets our worldly 
fevers. It reveals our true identity. We 
are pilgrims with first fealty to the 
crucified and risen Christ. Holding 
that identity clearly and firmly, Chris- 
tians may still disagree on the means 
of peace. We need not disagree, how- 
ever, on our need for a dedicated mil- 
itary. We recognize that devoted Chris- 
tians serve in our armed forces, which 
forces we need lest the United States 
signal irresolution. Still, we assert that 
a morally serious people must consider 
three aspects of American policy. 

that the United States has 
never disavowed a policy of 
deterrence that intends the 
use of nuclear weapons in a massive 
first-strike against whole cities and 
land areas should it serve the national 
interest in warfare. Two hundred pop- 
ulation centers are now targeted for 
such a strike. We ask, how can this 
policy be squared with a free nation's 
commitment to justice when it in- 
tends the calculated killing of millions 
of human beings who themselves are 
not on trial?. We hold such an inten- 
tion to be evil. 

Second, the undiminished production 
and deployment of nuclear weapons, 
even if never used, consume econom- 
ic, technical and natural resources of 
astronomically rising proportions. The 
squandering of such resources consti- 
tutes an act of aggression against the 
thirty children who die every sixty 
seconds of starvation in the world. It 
is a callous act of indifference to the 
500 million people of the world who 
are underfed. We declare this to be 
immoral and unjust. 

Third, American fever to match the 
Soviet Union weapon for weapon ap- 
pears to be damaging the personality 
structure of a whole generation. Cur- 
rent studies show that our children are 
growing up with a pervasive sense of 
fear, menace, cynicism, sadness and 
helplessness. The effect of these erod- 
ing inner sensations is to impair the a- 
bility to form stable values, a sense of 
continuity and purpose, and a readi- 
ness for responsibility. Insofar as a 
belligerent nuclear arms policy distorts 
the spiritual and moral formation of 
children, such a policy defeats the free 
nations from within. The decadence 
that marks our culture may be of our 
own making. We believe it can only 
worsen without a tide of peacemaking 
witness, especially the steady protest 
of Christian people who claim then- 
first allegiance, declare their true iden- 
tity and recover the bravery of a pil- 
grim people. 

responsibility of the Uni- 
ted States to take the 
bold initiative in 
nuclear disarmament, and to keep on 
taking it. The United States is the first 
to possess a nuclear weapon. The Uni- 
ted States is the only nation to have 
used the weapon in war. If it comes to 
pass that these weapons, which the 
United States continues to refine and 
aim and stockpile, are used in war 
again, it is difficult to believe that any 
history a surviving neutral nation 
might record would fail to fix the 
blame on the United States. 

We your bishops, pledge ourselves 
and bid our people to the ministry of 
peacemaking. We pledge ourselves 
again to weekly fasting and daily pray- 
er for peace. We pledge action in 
the peace movements that press the 
world's leaders for swift nuclear dis- 
armament.... S 

The Communicant— October ; 













O - - 

X <- a. 



The Newspaper of the Episcopal Dio cese of North Carolina 


Vol.72, No. 7 

Hundreds gather to 
honor Tom Fraser 

browns summit— They came to honor 
their bishop. Several hundred people 
from every part of the diocese gath- 
ered at the Conference Center on Oc- 
tober 23 to pay tribute to the man 
who had led their church through 
two decades of tumultuous change 
and was now leaving it stronger for 
his efforts. 

Storm clouds threatened on this chill 
grey day, but could not dampen the 
high spirits of those who had come to 
celebrate the ministry of the Right 
Reverend Thomas A. Fraser. 

•Those spirits prevailed, from the out- 
door eucharist on the playing field, 
through the picnic and testimonials in 
the main lodge, as clergy and laypeo- 
ple took this opportunity to say fare- 
well to the eighth Bishop of North 

Some spoke their words privately, in 
a moment or two of conversation, 
stopping the bishop in the hallway or 
on the playing field for a handshake, 
a hug, a moment or two of shared re- 
membrance. Others expressed them- 
selves more publicly during the festiv- 
ities in the main lodge. All spoke 
from the heart. 

For many— perhaps most— of those 
who gathered around the makeshift 

altar erected at the far end of the 
playing field, it was their last chance 
to break bread with Tom Fraser, dio- 
cesan, and the bishop took note of the 
occasion in his homily before the 

' 'This is a very exciting and thrilling 
occasion for me. It is an expression of 
love and gratitude for me, my family, 
and the many years of my ministry 
and I am most grateful. It is good to 
be together." 

While he acknowledged the wide- 
spread curiosity about his retirement 
plans, Fraser said he had little to tell. 
"At present our plans are to remain 
in Raleigh. I have signed up for five 
confirmation visitations for the bishop 
of a nearby diocese and have received 
several invitations to preach at special 

"My fellow bishops ask, 'What are 
you going to do all week long?' And 
when I say that I have no plans, they 
quickly remark, 'God help Marjorie!' 

"As some of you know, I have been 
working on this subject of retirement 
for at least four years. I know that it 
has proven to be a difficult change for 
many people and their families. I 
have tried to prepare." 

Retirement means different things to 

different people, Fraser said. "But 
oddly enough, when one tries to say 
what he hopes that he will feel in- 
side, it comes out best in the words of 
a hymn, the tune of which is called 
'Resignation:' * 

My shepherd will supply my need; 

Jehovah is his name. 

In pastures fresh he makes me feed 

Beside the living stream. 

He brings my wandering spirit back, 

When I forsake his ways, 

And leads me for his mercy's sake 

In paths of truth and grace. 

When I walk through the shades of 
Thy presence is my stay; 

One word of Thy supporting breath 

Drives all my fears away. 

Thy hand, in sight of all my foes ' 

Doth still my table spread; 

My cup with blessings overflows, 

Thy oil annoints my head. 

The sure provisions of my God 
Attend me all my days; 
O may Thy house be my abode 
And all Thy works my praise. 
There would I find a settled rest 
Where others go and come; 
No more a stranger or a guest 
But like a child at home. 

"I hope that this will be my experi- 
ence." B 

Friends laud his able guidance 

browns summit— There was no short- 
age of testimonials during "Fraser 
Day" at the Conference Center last 
month. Kind words were as plentiful 
as the potato salad which graced 
many a table during the picnic pre- 

ceding the ceremonies. 

The speakers included everyone from 
a layman who had served as an aco- 
lyte under Fraser during his parish 
ministry, to clergy who had been his 
colleagues throughout his episcopate. 
Though their stories were as different 
as the people who told them, all spoke 

Three cheers for Marge 

The bishop wasn't the only one honored dur- 
ing the festivities at the conference center last 
month. Marjorie Fraser was also the subject 
of testimonials delivered by Judy Mathews 
for the Clergy Wives and Mary Alice Poor for 
the women of Christ Church, Raleigh. 

Marge, shown here with her granddaughter, 
Fraser Gray, was praised for the gracefulness 
with which she balanced the many conflicting 
responsibilities of public life. 

"She has had to share her husband with other 
people a great deal of the time and maintain 
her own identity," Mathews said. "And she 
has done a damn good job of it, too!" 

warmly and appreciatively of the life 
and witness of their bishop. 

The Chancellor of the Diocese, A.L. 
Purrington, Jr., expressed the general 
sentiment best in his brief but force- 
ful summation of the ministry of 
Thomas Augustus Fraser. 

"In 1961, Bishop Baker said, in an- 
nouncing the approaching consecra- 
tion of Bishop Fraser, that 'as in the 
days of old, God has raised up a lead- 
er among us.' In 21 years as a bishop, 
Thomas Augustus Fraser has fulfilled 
that estimate of his character and 

"In setting the goals and direction of 
the diocese, he has preached that 
every communicant qf the church 
must become involved in a program 
of evangelism to seek out the un- 
churched and to help them find the 
meaning of life in the gospel of Jesus 

"He believes that the Episcopal 

Church should be the church of God 
for all people," Purrington said, 
"and he has consistently urged that 
the image of our church as the best 
church for the best people, be de- 
stroyed. He has urged that Episcopa- 
lians show forth their Christian fel- 
lowship by being doers of the word." 

"His belief that the church is for all 
people includes people of every race, 
color and condition. He has shown 
consistent courage in supporting in 
Christian fellowship the rights and 
privileges of minorities among us." 

"I echo the words of Bishop Baker: 
'As in the days of old, God has raised 
up a leader among us.' 

"We shall miss his executive ability 
and his godly interest in the welfare 
of the diocese and its people when 
Bishop Fraser lays down his active 
ministry as bishop. We wish him god- 
speed in continued service." 


And she brought fortli fier firstborn 
son GLnd wrapped him in swaddling 
clothes, and laid him in a manger, 
beca"use thepe was tx> room for 

them in the inn. Luke 2:7 

"No room at the inn" 

Presiding Bishop offers new version 
of his traditional Christinas message 

This phrase from St. Luke's Gospel Is the 
basis for some of the best staging when 
children dramatize the story of the nativity. 
Perhaps you will be there when it happens 
in your congregation this year: Mary and 
Joseph approach the inn... there is a knock 
on the door... the innkeeper pokes his head 
out of the door... "sorry, no room here," he 
says. .."go to the stable out back". ...Mary 
and Joseph amble over to where a manger 
has been set up... you will be there again 
this year even as you have been there be- 
fore. Maybe as Mary. Maybe as Joseph. 
Maybe as the innkeeper. Certainly as a 

The innkeeper's role is one of interest be- 
cause he (and I expect he was a male, most 
likely) is a good example of one who is 
caught in a bind. He wants to help, but . 
he's unable to accomodate the need that is 
put before him. So he does what he can. He 
is you and he is me in so many instances- 
unable to do all that is needed but yet 
knowing we must do all we can. 

Doing all we can is not the same as giving 
a shrug of the shoulders and adopting a 
"well, we'd do something if we could" atti- 
tude. Doing all we can now — is joining in 
efforts to share our resources with those 

who are poorer, alerting the world to the 
fact that the nuclear age has ruled out war 
as a solution for any conflict and even for 
defense, and above all letting those around 
us know of the hope, vision and renewal 
inherent in the good news of Christian Gos- 

The innkeeper did what he could— then 
God took over and the greatest miracle ever 
known occurred. 

The message of Christmas is a reminder 
that that still can happen. 

—The Right Reverend John M. Allin 
Presiding Bishop 

HBO to present Christmas television 
broadcast from Washington Cathedral 

WASHINGTON— A Christmas tradition in 
many households is the annual Christmas 
Day television broadcast from the Washing- 
ton Cathedral. That tradition will continue 
this Christmas as NBC-TV, in cooperation 
with the National Council of Churches, 
will again include a live nationwide tele- 
cast of the service, which is scheduled to 
begin at 11:00 a.m. eastern standard time. 

The Right Reverend John T. Walker, Bishop 
of the Diocese of Washington, will preach 
the sermon. 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Keynote speaker selected for 1983 
Diocesan Adult Education Conference 

ASHEBORO— The Rev. Joseph P. Russell, 
author of Shuinf Out Biblical Story, has been 
chosen to give the keynote addresses to the 
19&? Adult Education Conference, accord- 
ing to I. " Rev. Phillip Craig, coordinator 
the annuai . - ? ent. Craig is the Rector of the 
Church of the >_ : >od Shepherd in Asheboro. 

Russell, who is Direcv r of Christian Edu- 
cation for the Dioces ••. C" .'-. ""'ill address 
the need for inner growth <vnd out,* ^ H act- 
ion in a series of four addresses during tne 
three-day conference, which will be held at 
the Conference Center at Browns Summit 
June 16-19. 

Sponsored by the Education and Training 
Committee, the four-day event will offer 
various practical workshops on subjects re- 
lating to outreach and personal growth. 

Estill to lead worship retreat for the 
Episcopal Ohurehwomen this January 

HIGH POINT— Led by the Rt. Rev. Robert 
W. Estill, the Episcopal Churchwomen will 
hold a Worship Retreat at the Episcopal 
Conference Center at Browns Summit on 
January 18-19. 

The two-day event will provide time for 
meditation, fellowship and individual con- 
sultation with the Bishop. 

The retreat begins with lunch on Tuesday, 
January 18, and concludes at noon on Jan- 
uary 19. The fee for the retreat is $34, and 
registrations may be made by sending a 
check to Mary Everett, Route 1, Box 126, 
Palmyra, N.C. 87859. 

Priest named "Boss-of-the-Year" by 
Winston-Salem professional group 

WTNSTON-SALEM— The Rev. John Camp- 
bell has been named 1988-83 Boss-of-the- 
Year by the Winston-Salem chapter of the 
Professional Secretaries International. The 
Rector of St. Timothy's Church here, Camp- 
bell received the award at the chapter's 
annual banquet last month. 

Campbell was nominated for the award by 
his secretary, Joyce Shipwash. An author 
and frequent lecturer on church manage- 
ment and administration, Campbell has his 
law degree from the University of Virginia 
and his MBA from Wake Forest. 

An active member and officer of numerous 
civic, community and church groups, he is 
currently a member of the Diocesan Coun- 
cil and Dean of the Northwest Convocation. 
He has been Rector of St. Timothy's since 

Greensboro churches mark third 
anniversary of Klan-related killings 

GREENSBORO— The Episcopal Church of 
the Redeemer was the site of a memorial 
service here last month, marking the third 
anniversary of the Nov. 3, 1979 shooting 
deaths of five anti-Klan demonstrators. 

The group of four ministers who organized 
the service included the Rev. Henry Atkins, 
Episcopal Chaplain at UNC-Greensboro, 
and the Rev. Carlton Morales, Rector of the 
Church of the Redeemer. 

In a letter sent to other clergy before the 
service, the group explained that the shoot- 
ings "have left a pall on the city (and) fear 
and distrust between the races." 

The shootings occurred after a caravan of 
Ku Kfux Klansmen and Nazis arrived at a 
"Death to the Klan" rally in southeast 
Greensboro sponsored by the Communist 
Workers Party. Four Klansmen and two 
Nazis were acquitted of murder and rioting 
charges in 1980, and all remaining charges 
against the defendants were dismissed. 

"The killings and what many, including 
ourselves, feel to be the lack of justice re- 
sulting from the Klan-Nazi trial, have left 
fear and distrust between the races," the 
ministers noted. They said that the result- 
ing disunity had increased by last year's 
election of an all-white City Council, the ex- 
pulsion of black students at Grimsley High 
School for wearing club T-shirts, the lack 
of a ward system in Greensboro, and ques- 

tions raised over student voter registration 
at N.C. A&T State University. 

"Greensboro black citizens have been un- 
der attack by a system that appears in- 
creasingly hostile to their needs and their 
rights," the letter concluded. 

United Thank Offering allocates 
$2.5 million to aid local projects 

NEW YORK— Nearly $8.8 million has been 
allocated to aid local projects throughout 
the U.S. and around the world as a result 
ot one ~iZC~ "-',!•?-' Thaul" Bering, one of 
the major development programs of the 
Episcopal Church. 

The funds were allocated last September 
at the triennial meeting of the women of 
the Episcopal Church, after a record In- 
gathering brought in $2,846,753 at the ser- 
vice which opened the 1982 General Con- 

With the addition of interest and re-alloca- 
ted funds, a total of $2,485,301 has been 
distributed to aid hospices, shelters, trans- 
portation, building projects, training pro- 
grams, community centers and a host of 
other Anglican-sponsored projects. 

Of this amount $23,485 was contributed 
by the women of the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina. One hundred and twelve organizations 
received grants as a result of the Offering, 
including the Family Violence Intervention 
Center in Henderson, which received 
$10,000 of the UT0 money. 

Capitol city church celebrates 85 
years with the Reverend Daniel Sapp 

RALEIGH— The Rector was surprised. B. 
Daniel Sapp had just processed out of 
Christ Church here at the conclusion of the 
special All Saints' Day Homecoming service, 
and was preparing to remove his vestments 
when several parishioners appeared quite 
suddenly to usher him back into the sanc- 

As the brass choir played a rousing chorus 
of "When the Saints GO Marching In," Sapp 
learned that he was guest of honor at a 
surprise celebration planned to mark the 
completion of his first 85 years as Rector of 
Christ Church. 

The festivities got underway with a skit 
which was distinguished by the off-stage 
narration of Bishop Ravenscroft (first Rec- 
tor of Christ Church), and reviewed in often 
hilarious detail the first 85 years of Sapp's 
ministry in Raleigh. 

At the skit's conclusion, the parishioners 
presented Sapp and his wife Tharon with 
gifts to mark the occasion, and brought the 
house down with a lusty rendition of the 

A native of North Carolina, Sapp was or- 
dained to the deaconate by Bishop Penick, 
and ordained to the priesthood by Bishop 
Baker. During his long ministry in the dio- 
cese of North Carolina, Sapp has been ac- 
tive in all phases of the Church's work, in- 
cluding several tours of duty as a member 
of both the Standing Committee and the 
Diocesan Council. He presently serves as 
Dean of the Central Convocation. 

Human interaction to be topic of 
weekend conference set for February 

BURLINGTON— The Conference Center at 
Browns Summit will be the site of a Basic 
Human Interaction Weekend February 11- 

Sponsored by the Mid-Atlantic Association 
for Training and Consulting (MATC), the 
two-day session will focus on skill develop- 
ment and personal interaction in small 
group settings. 

Serving as coordinators for the conference 
will be Rod Reinecke and Ruth Wright, 
senior trainers and consultants with MATC. 

Attendance at this weekend is required for 
participation in other advanced courses in 
the MATC curriculum, and reduced rates 
will be offered to members of the diocese. 

People wishing further information may 
contact Rod Reinecke at Church of the Holy 
Comforter, P.O. Box 1416, Burlington, N.C, 
87815, or by telephone at 919/887-4261, 
or 919/584-9463. 

Page 2— The Communicant— November 1982 

RAU E1GH, w 

^Dearl***^ . ousoffic esof 

i trough ^e g^^^Lt I can 

„?££$££ JESSES yo- 

generous expres 

servi ceaByour ^^riB 

mve nas far exceeded : nxy g 

v ou. It nas u ,, f nvra . a -warm an" 

mem ° ry ' ou as we continue 

to ,e,oundtoge 

The Communicant— November 1982 

On hats, Miss Manners and liturgy 


Hats are back. 

A few Sundays ago, I administered 
the chalice to what seemed to be a 
surprising number of women wearing 
hats. (Some chapeaux make offering 
the cup as chancy as flying blind.) 

Now the return of an occasional hat 
hints of something more important to 
the Episcopal Church than the need 






to retrain clergy and lay chalice bear- 
ers in liturgical navigation. 

We've often been embarrassed by our 
reputation, but whether we like it or 
not, ours is a church with style. And 
the culture of the 80's is rediscovering 
style, along with civility and manners. 

Judith Martin's syndicated newspaper 
column, "Miss Manners," has rapidly 
gained popularity among people who 
want to take a new look at etiquette. 
After several decades of instant inti- 
macy and relentless sincerity, an ex- 
hausted public is rediscovering the 
value of form, discretion and propri- 
ety, and Miss Manners, for one, is 
pleased by this development. 

"The true value in people is not what 
is in their murky psyches, which some 
keep in as shocking a state as their 

bureau drawers, but in how they treat 
others... Miss Manners does not want 
people to act naturally; she wants 
them to act civilly." 

The Episcopal Church may be return- 
ing to its traditional role as the arbiter 
of ecclesiastical good taste and the 
enemy of liturgical tackiness. Like the 
liberal great-aunts of the 60' s and 
70' s, who have forsaken the polyester 
pantsuits which they adopted to put 
their younger kin at ease, now she's 
dressing again. 

Do you want evidence of the shift? 
When was the last time you saw a 
balloon in church? Or a pink felt ban- 
ner with "Joy" and a yellow smiley 
face glued front and center. And a 
key turning point in the decline of 
tackiness came in September, at the 
General Convention, where "He's got 
the whole world in his hands" was 

dropped from the new hymn texts 
without a whimper of protest. 

The Divine sense of humor is such 
that many of us middle-aged clergy 
remain wedded to tackiness as a form 
of discourse with the young while the 
young themselves have long since 
grown bored with it. I should have 
realized some sea change was in the 
offing a few years back when I eager- 
ly suggested a "write-it-yourself" wed- 
ding to a couple that hadn't set foot in 
church in years. "We want a hard- 
back service," they said. Long white 
dress. Striped trousers and cutaway. 
And Rite I, traditional language. 

Come to think of it, it's been years 
since anyone has asked me to read 
Kahlil Gibran. And just last week, a 
bright senior at Carolina— one of the 
obvious leaders of his class and a 
young man who will succeed inde- 

pendently at whatever he does— told 
me without a trace of irony or depen- 
dence that he was driving to another 
city in the state to ask his girl friend's 
father for permission to marry her. 

It's 1982. The 70's are light years 
away. Their alumni— although survi- 
vors might be a better term— are try- 
ing to create their own order. Mean- 
while the children of the 80' s look to 
family and church and assume that 
the existing orders, whatever their 
faults, are at least a place to start. 

Good taste in liturgy, as in manners, 
does not mean stuffiness-or blind con- 
formity. It means a sense of restraint 
and respect; the creation of a context 
for relationships to occur in their com- 
plexity; a sense that the feelings of the 
moment are transient and need not 
dominate the present or dictate the 
future. The discipline of feelings, we 
are rediscovering, is different than 
their repression. 

If this resurgence of tradition comes 
at the expense of attention to matters 
of peace and justice, of wrestling with 
difficult social and moral issues, then 
the renaissance of civility will amount 
to little more than yet another exer- 
cise in superficiality, a fad as transient 
as punk rock, and as repulsive, too. 

But if civility in dialogue with others, 
courtesy towards those, with whom 
we disagree, continuity and order in 
the liturgical expression of our deep- 
est hopes create a climate for ordered 
change, then good liturgy and good 
manners and their return are glimmers 
of hope for humanity's self-respect. 
And that, much more than hats, is 
worth protecting. 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rector 
of the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Hill and a regular columnist for The 

Do two pairs of beatitudes make a fortitude? 


The patois of the priest, the lingo of the 
lay minister, the cliches of the curates- 
all contribute to the special language of 
the church. Which helps explain why the 
average lay person often finds sermons 
and articles about religion so confusing— 
the vocabulary is so different from their 
normal conversation. 


The Pew 

To help our readers, and provide some 
up-to-date definitions for the unenlight- 
ened folks in the pew, the Communicant 
has borrowed liberally from a special 
glossary originally compiled for U.S. 
Catholic magazine. 

U.S. Catholic gave Professor Ibid J. 
Pronoun a list of popular church words 

and asked him to define them to the best 
of his ability. Using his vast background 
as a convicted etymologist, Dr. Pronoun 
completed his historic work shortly be- 
fore he was committed to a discalced 
asylum. His dictionary follows: 

Abba: a religious singing group 
Abstain: what spilled ab leaves 

Antiphon: a weird religious sect op- 
posed to Ma Bell 
Apostle: a male Epistle 
Canon law: what to obey when ex- 
ecuting a heretic with a howitzer 
Charismatic: an electric appliance 
for dicing the church 
Deacon: a mouse poison [permanent 
deacon: a long-lasting mouse poison) 
Diocese: the old English spelling of 
"deceased"; in other words, place of 
the dead 

Episcopal: the bishop's best friend 
Epistle: a female Apostle 
Esau: the first name of the burning 
bush; "Moses looked up; Esau the 
burning bush." 

Ethics: What Lawrence Welk says 
after "uh-five" 

Fortitude: two pairs of beatitudes 
Free will: the rallying cry of the 
Stratford-on-Avon seven 

Sorry, you're overqualified." 

Friar: a monk who makes French 
fries; in England, he is called the chip- 

Incarnation: where Elsie the Cow 
can be found 

Litany: a question from one acolyte 
to another about candles 
Lord's Prayer: "Please give me 
another TV series as popular as 
Hawaii Five-0\" 

Midrash: what swaddling clothes 
give you 

Original sin: what a Confessor 
never hears 

Psalm: a psong psung psimply, 
psometimes about psin or psaintliness 

Rhythm method: a contradiction in 

Right Reverend: the Caucasian 
equivalent to "Amen, brother" 
Rubrics: what a ru is build with 
Sacristan: a priest's skin tone after 
his annual trip to Nags Head 
Seven deadly sins: pride, gluttony, 
envy, Curley, Moe, Sneezy and Doc. 
Shofar: the first half of shogood 
Surplice: what crawls on a dirty surp 
Talmud: what you find on the 
bottom of a wet beach towel 
Vicar: what Hans Kung's porch furni- 
ture is made of 

-The Communicant— November 1982 

Reader raises questions about portrait expense 

Letters to the Editor are always wel- 
come and will be printed as space is 
available, providing they are type- 
written and double-spaced. To be 
printed, all letters must carry the 
author's name, address and telephone 

Council misfired on costly 
portrait of Bishop Fraser 

Dear Editor: 

. In your layout of The Communicant, 
there is usually something stimulating 
for each of us, no matter what our 
tastes. A "Well Done" to you and 
your staff. 

An example: word in October from 
the Diocesan Council that they have 
authorized $15,000 for a portrait of 
Bishop Fraser. Was that a misprint? 

The bishop is a good man, but possi- 
bly not that good. If he's canonized 
somewhere down the road, okay on 
the portrait. Until then, how about a 
first rate photographic study of the 
man— with the balance of the author- 


izatiOn going to some worthy project 
of Diocesan outreach? 

With half the Diocese trying to keep 
the wolf from the door and the rest a- 
bout three steps ahead of the sheriff, 
that would probably rest better with 
all, including Bishop Fraser. 

I think the Council misfired on that 

Bill Gorman 
High Point, North Carolina 

The Rev. Peter James Lee, President 
of the Standing Committee, replies: 

"The Standing Committee, in commis- 
sioning the portrait in the name of the 
diocese, acted in its capacity as an insti- ■ 
tution concerned for the long term integ- 
rity of the episcopate in our diocese. The 
diocese has, as part of its heritage, oil 
paintings of all of its bishops. We believe 
that the relatively modest investment of 
non-program funds now is an indication 
of our long term respect for episcopal 
leadership. We think that a couple of 
centuries from now, Episcopalians will 
be strengthened in their contemporary 
mission by their awareness of their heri- 
tage, and the maintenance of the portrait 
collection is a significant way that heri- 
tage is transmitted. We felt the diocese 
deserved continuity of its tradition of 
first rate portraiture, and the price is 
well within current costs for such qual- 

Shocked and dismayed by 
last year's Christmas cover 

Dear Editor: 

I was dismayed and shocked when I 
saw the picture on the front page of 
The Communicant for December of 

last year, with part of a bible verse— 
"Unto us a child is born." Whose 
child? What child? Any child? Or a 
special child, perhaps? Dear reader, 
read on— Isaiah 9:6-7: 
"To us a son is given, and the govern- 
ment will be upon his shoulder, and 
his name will be called 'Wonderful 
Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting 
Father, Prince of Peace.' Of the in- 
crease of his government and of 
peace there will be no end, upon the 
throne of David, and over his king- 
dom, to establish it, and to uphold it 
with justice and with righteousness 
from this time forth and for ever- 
more, the zeal of the Lord of hosts 
will do this. Behold, a young woman 
(Isaiah 7:14), a virgin (Matthew 1:23) 
shall conceive and bear a son, and his 
name shall be called Emmanuel— God 
with us." 

With the season of Advent near at 
hand, let us all join in the hymn by 
Charles Wesley— "Come thou long ex- 
pected Jesus." 

LA. Griffin 
Cary, North Carolina 

New occasions teach new duties 





Not long ago I was invited to visit a 
remarkably prosperous Protestant con- 
gregation, one typical of a priviledged 
and important minority of parishes 
and local churches in this country. 

The membership was well over 2500, 
the staff included five clergy and a ba- 
tallion of laypeople, the traffic jams at 
the changeover from the first Sunday 
service to the second required the 
assistance of a whole squad of police 

I was able to ask this church some 
important questions about developing 
adult Christian disciples, and I believe 
that these are revelvant to the minis- 
try of our major Episcopal cathedrals 
and churches too. 

It was impressive to find that many in 
this congregation did understand the 
calling of God in Christ to all human- 
kind, regardless of sex, age, race, edu- 
cation, wealth (yes, they were afflu- 
ent), occupation or ordination. They 
showed me schedules of an impres- 
sive range of parish learning opportu- 
nities. But what worried me was the 
pleasant, friendly but very average 
level of almost all the adult and youth 
classes and courses and groups. 

Let me explain what I mean. This con- 
gregation included people with a great 
range of abilities and gifts. Some of 

them clearly had major local, even 
national, responsibilities. Others had 
great intellectual strengths and served 
prominently in local universities and 
colleges. Yet their church had made 
little effort to match their secular 
strengths with any kind of advanced 
Christian learning. Their daily sched- 
ules were full of demanding, "strong 
meat" arguments and situations; their 
church events were theological "milk 
and water." 

None of this is at all to suggest that 
Christians with exceptional intellectual 
or other gifts should in any sense en- 
joy a higher status than everybody else 
in that congregation, or indeed in the 
whole Church of Jesus Christ. There 
is a wonderfully fundamental equality 
of calling under the Gospel, to illiter- 
ates just as to PhDs. 

But we are given gifts by the Lord 
in order to develop them in Christian 
service and mission; and it is very 
serious if a sense of amicable fellow- 
ship allows Christians with great abil- 

ity to get by with an entirely inade- 
quate theological and Biblical exper- 
tise. They must match their secular 
learning with Christian learning too. 

Such exceptional people are more than 
a bit of a problem in small and strug- 
gling congregations, for in the nature 
of things the sermons and the discus- 
sion groups there must suit first and 
foremost the general majority. Those 
who are especially talented must be 
helped both to understand the non- 
intellectual strengths of their fellow 
parishioners and also how to find else- 
where some opportunities for special- 
ized Christian learning. 

But in the great parishes and diocese 
of the Episcopal Church, as in the 
great city congregation which I visited, 
a certain amount of staff time and 
church budgets ought to be invested 
in special opportunities for such peo- 
ple, in order to develop a quality of 
Christian leadership for the future, 
among the laity as among the or- 
dained. . - 

Of course, to be intellectually alive is 
in no way to be a superior grade of 
Christian (we have had too much 
brain snobbery in churches in the 

Of course such Christian intellectuals 
and thinkers must learn to be servants, 
just like everybody else. Indeed, the 
special responsibilities today of those 
who do see the harsh predicaments of 
our times are a burden of servanthood 
rather than any kind of privilege. 

But the Episcopal Church in particu- 
lar, which has contributed leaders to 
so many national and local institutions 
in the past, has an important obliga- 
tion to offer each new generation of 
laity a quite demanding theological 
and intellectual discipline, one appro- 
priate to their opportunities for disci- 
pleship. S 

Mark Gibbs' ruminations on education 
originally appeared in the 99 Percenter, 
and are reprinted with permission. 

The Communicant— November 1982- 


& A book list for Christmas giving M 

In many parts of the diocese, good books 
for children are not readily available for 
purchase. Out of the vast treasury of 
marvelous children's books now in print, 
the diocesan book store has selected a 
few special and unusual titles which 
might make particularly good Christmas 
presents for children young and old. 
Books may be ordered from Education 
and Liturgy Resources, P.O. Box 194, 
Oxford, NC 27565 (919-693-5547). 
Dave Koppenhaver, a teacher at Oxford's 
Mary Potter Elementary School, uses a 
five star rating system for his reviews. 
• = 1 star; ■& = % star. 

A Folding Alphabet Book 

By Monika Beisner; Farrar, Straus 
& Giroux, $5.95. 

Several years ago, Tom Lehrer wrote 
a song about the "new math" which 
he explained was so simple "only a 
kid could do it." This little pocket-size 
book is much the same. Don't try to 
figure out front, back or spine; just 
stretch it out and marvel at the beau- 
tiful illustrations for each letter of the 
alphabet. On the first page, for exam- 
ple, two chimpanzees link their arms 
and stretch out their legs to form the 
letter "A," and the flip side bears an 
accompanying rhyme— "A is for apes 
who danced in the trees...." A classy 
book. * * * H 


By Hanne TOrk; Neugebauer 
Press, $9.95. 

Simple, yet beautiful watercolor illus- 
trations accompany an equally simple, 
yet instructive text. Hieronymus is a 
chameleon in Africa from whom we 
learn why chameleons change colors 
and what colors combine to form 
others. A wonderful story for pre- 
school to kindergarteners. * * * 

The Mysterious Tadpol 

By Steven Kellogg; Dial Press, 

A simple, short text about the hilari- 
ous adventures of Alphonse the tad- 

On Books 

pole who eats cheeseburgers and grows 
into a very friendly Loch Ness mon- 
ster. This book gets bonus points for 
its multiracial group of characters and 
the inclusion of a woman in its picture 
of a construction crew. Kids will love 
the ending. A good book for begin- 
ning readers. * * & 


Let's Make Rabbits 

By Leo Lionni; Pantheon Press, 

A fable by a four-time winner of the 
prestigious Caldecott Award which 
tells a nice tale about making pic- 
tures and cut-outs of rabbits and how 
they become real. A good story for 
reading to young children. * * -tr 

Jonah and the Big Fish 

By Sekiya Miyoshi; Abingdon 
Press, $7.95. 

If you know a child in the third grade 
or lower, this book is a must for your 
Christmas shopping list. The pictures 
must be seen to be believed; they are 
unlike any other children's book in 
their simplicity, brightness and beau- 
ty. The text is nearly equal in quality 
and tells the well-known tale of Jonah 
in language that the youngest reader 
can understand. If anything, the story 
is enhanced by the simplification of 
language and the use of a rainbow- 
colored fish instead of the traditional 
whale. Truly first-rate. ••••• 

The Real Reason 
for Christmas 

By Margaret Taliaferro; 
Doubleday, $5.95. 

This series of hand-written letters and 
pencil drawings for each of the twelve 
days of Christmas can be personalized^ 

with the name of the child who is to 
receive them. Each letter clearly ex- 
plains various religious aspects of the 
Christmas season, in language direct- 
ed mainly at a very young reader or 
preschooler. Heaven, for instance, is 
"better than anything we've ever 
seen on earth, heard on earth, done on 
earth, thought of or dreamed of on 
earth." Illustrations accompanying the 
descriptions include sunrises, singing 
birds, sports, happy times, fun times 
and hamburgers. A little too cutesy for 
any but the very young, but full of 
warmth and love and "the real mean- 
ing of Christmas. " • • • 

The Beginning of the Rainbow 

Written by Shona McKellar, with 
pictures by Masahiro Kasuya; 
Abingdon Press, $7.95. 

These outstanding watercolor illustra- 
tions combine with a simple text to 
explain the story of Noah's Ark for 
preschool to third grade readers. The 
explanation of the rainbow^ origin is 
not given until the very last page; read 
the story to your child and discover it 
together. ••••& 

A Visit to William Blake's Inn 

By Nancy Willard; Harcourt, 
Brace & jovanovit ch, $10. 95. 

If this collection of fantastic poetry 
doesn't delight and amaze you, you 
must be Scrooge incarnate. At this 
magical inn you can stay in a room 
with a bear for a bed— 

You will find my fur soft 

as the hay in your loft, 

and my paws make an admirable seat. 
—eat a breakfast that is quite literally 
"on the house," or take a walk on the 
Milky Way with William Blake. 

Each poem is a trip into the imagina- 
tion, and they all come alive for those 
who understand the final lines about 
"Blake's Wonderful Car" which has 

the view so far 

it scarcely could be called a car, 

rather a wish that only flew 

when I climbed in and found it true. " 
Climb in. • • • • • 

Old Possum's Book 
Of Practical Cats 

By T.S. Eliot, with illustrations by 
Edward Gorey; Harcourt, Brace 
and Jovanovitch, $4.95. 

This small collection of fifteen cat 
poems instructs, enlightens, amuses 
and generally entertains readers of al- 
most any age. While most animal po- 
etry should be reserved for the ani- 
mal lover, the literary merit, the sheer 
wit and sparkle, make this a book 
everyone should read. 

Eliot is masterful throughout and at 
his comic best from "Growltiger'-s. - . 
Last Stand," an alley cat's death at the 
paws of a fleet of Siamese laden -sam- 
pans, to "Macavity: the Mystery Cat," 
who controls all evil doings in Great 
Britain, yet when the police reach the 
scene of his crimes, "Macavity' s not 
there!" ••*•• 

The Beginning of the World 

By Masahiro Kasuya; Abingdon 
Press, $7.95. 

I like this book. First it is real dark, 
then God makes the sun and does 
other things too. It has pretty pictures. 
I like the picture on page 4 the most, 
and the ones on 5 and 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 
and 14 too. It is a good book. 

Reviewed by Jason Earnhardt, a second 
grade student at West Oxford Elementary 

What's On Your Plate? 

By Nora Smaridge; Abingdon 
Press, $8.95 

What's On Your Plate is a book of hu- 
morous poems about food. It has lots 
of rhyming poems about good foods, 
junk food, diets and snacks. One sel- 
ection I particularly enjoyed reading 
was called "Junk Food— Who Needs 
It?" It tells you things like junk food 
are like rubber tires, or rusty, crooked 
tacks. This is a great book for any 
child who can understand it. 

Reviewed by Ashley Earnhardt, a sixth 
grade student at Mary Potter School. 

■ f 








lowest point in his entire min- 
istry. His Louisville, Kentucky 
parish had a chance to back a 
federally subsidized housing project. 
The necessary federal approvals had 
all been obtained, and all that re- 
mained was for Estill to sign on be- 
half of his parishioners. 

The vestry voted eight to five against 

"They were just too scared to take 
the risk," Estill remembers. "And it 
would have meant so much to so 
many people." 

"I'm afraid Episcopal churches have 
not had a very good record in address- 
ing the problems of our cities," Estill 

The bishop was talking to the 50 peo- 
ple gathered at the Episcopal Confer- 
ence Center here late in October for 
the second Diocesan Urban Confer- 
ence. They were fewer than last year, 
but this time around all were veterans 
of at least a year of concerted urban 
ministry in the name of the Episcopal 

Estill is a veteran himself. Since his 
ordination thirty years ago, he's been 
active in civil rights efforts and urban 

Even as a bishop who has to deal 
with realpolitik as well as idealism, 
he remains convinced that this dio- 
cese must do "a better job than the 
Episcopal Church has traditionally 
done before in ministry to and with 
the least of our brothers and sisters." 

He was at once determined and op- 
timistic in his keynote address to the 
conference, as he outlined the newly- 
approved Jubilee Ministry of the Na- 
tional Church, which will work through 
local parishes. 

Estill's enthusiasm was contagious, and 
conference participants sounded hope- 
ful as they formed regional groups to 
discuss the successes and frustrations 
of the past year. 

By evening's end, though, the mood 
was more subdued. They had heard of 
tangible successes— an overnight shel- 
ter program, a new meeting room for 
foster children and their biological 
parents, distribution programs for pre- 
scription drugs and food. 

But most of the successes seemed to 
have happened when individual Epis- 
copalians joined up with ongoing ecu- 
menical projects. 

The failures occurred when the "do- 
gooders" (as one woman cynically de- 
scribed herself) ran up against "the 
system." And as often as not "the 
system" knelt at the same commun- 
ion rail as the "do-gooders." 

One woman from Durham recounted 
her group's efforts to purchase a 
building in an urban rehabilitation 
area for use as a food distribution 
point and crisis intervention center. 

Other buildings in the area had been 
converted to lawyers' offices or other 
professional uses at prices ranging 
from $32,000 to $125,000. 

The owner of the building in question, 
a member of one of the city's most 
fashionable churches, told the group 
he would be glad to sell to them— for 

"It's amazing how property prices go 
up when poor people come around," 
the woman said. "I thought they were 
supposed to make property values 

Another group met in a large down- 
town church elsewhere in the diocese. 
Everyone agreed that a soup kitchen 
was badly needed. Now they're look- 
ing for a "suitable location" be- 
cause parishioners weren't willing to 
use the church itself, according to one 
member. - . 

"They said it wouldn't work because 
the poor people weren't downtown," 
he explained. "I don't know where 
they think they are, and maybe it's 
not fair to say this, but it seemed like 
another one of those 'there goes the 
neighborhood' deals. Meanwhile, we 
are still looking for a location." 

to be a major challenge for the 
regional task forces which met 
during the past year. The Win- 
ston-Salem group spent two meetings 
just debating its statement of purpose, 
according to one obviously frustrated 

"Urban ministry is something we are 
really going to have to sell to our ves- 
try," he explained, "and if we don't 
have a statement that sounds good, 
they won't buy it." 

"Where are the clergy?" asked one 
layperson of nobody in particular. 

"The clergy are waiting for direction 
from the people," a young deacon re- 
sponded/ "If you want action from 
your clergy, you have to let them 
know what you want." 

Some priests aren't waiting to be told. 

Dudley Colhoun, the Rector of St. 
Paul's, Winston-Salem, simply told his 
congregation that the building would 
be open during the month of x Novem- 
ber as a shelter for "street people." 

Many parishioners were not amused. 
"They're so dirty." "Can't our kids 
catch herpes if they come in after 
those people have been there?" 

But the program was started anyway 
in cooperation with other downtown 
churches, and volunteers from St. 
Paul's, St. Anne's, St. Stephen's and 
St. Timothy's have been on the scene 
every night. 

"But if we come down there to spend 
the night, what will we do with the 
kids?" one woman asked. 

"The same thing you did when you 
spent the weekend at Hilton Head," 
the volunteer coordinator replied. 

chaplain on the Greensboro cam- 
pus of the University of North 
Carolina, recalled the question 
asked by one priest at last year's con- ' 

"What am I supposed to do?" the an- 
guished cleric had asked. 

"I have three town council members 
in my church. What good will it do to 
alienate them by making a stand? It 
won't get them to voluntarily give up 
their power," he said, "and it might 
force them to give up the church. I 
have to stay accessible." 

"The chief function of a parish priest 
may well be to neutralize the opposi- 
tion," Atkins explained. "That may 
be the most we can hope for." 

As organizer of this conference, At- 
kins is appropriately intolerant of the 
status quo, but patient with people 
who are working to change it. 

"It takes time. I see progress. But we 
need to get at the systemic causes of 
the problems confronting us. We can't 
just keep solving individual problems 

change makes us feel scared 
and nervous. We're caught in 
the frustrating bind of wanting 
to help the poor and yet hold on to 
our own comforts and power as well. 

"That's probably impossible," Atkins 
points out. "And given the class bias 
of the Episcopal Church, the changes 
won't come easily. Some people will 
be offended." 

Robert Estill is a thoroughly likeable 
man who did not get to be a bishop 
by offending people. His constructive 
parish-centered plans for a vigorous 
urban ministry make it clear that he 
has no wish to repeat the divisive 
controversies which surrounded social 
ministries in the 60' s. 

that he intends to do what is 
necessary to lead the diocese in 
the ministry Jesus directs to 
those who are hungry, thirsty, home- 
less and in prison. 

He quotes Dag Hammerskjold— "In 
our era, the road to holiness necessar- 
ily passes through the world of ac- 

And Paul Moore, Bishop of the Dio- 
cese of New York— "The long-prayed- 
for solutions will only come to a 
church which is involved and torn in 
the struggle." 

If those words fall harshly on the gen- 
teel ears of Episcopalians, consider the 
alternative suggested by one of the 
guest speakers at the conference who 
works in Atlanta's inner-city. 

"The poor are silent, but it is not an 
impotent silence. The wrath of the 
hopeless, once released, is devastating 
and without bounds." 

Marty Lentz is a communicant of St. 
Anne's Church in Winston-Salem and an 
active member of the Diocesan Urban 
Task Force. 

The poor are silent but i t is 
not a powerless silence. 
The wrath of the hope- 
less, once released, is 
both devastating and 
without bounds. 

•The Communicant— No* 









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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Dioj 

North Carolina 

Vol.73, No. 8 

;ember, 1982 

"With great expectations 



Dear Friends, 

On January I, 1983, 1 became the ninth Bishop of North Carolina. Please remember me in 
your prayers in the days to come as we serve God together in this Diocese. 

During the first weekend of January, the clergy of the Diocese and I will make a retreat at the 
Conference Center. Later this month, I will have the benefit of a retreat with the women of the 
Diocese, and I look forward to one with the men later in the year. It is appropriate to begin this 
new chapter in our life in this way. Exciting plans are under way for the Diocesan Convention, 
January 27-29. The great opening service in the Duke Chapel Thursday night will in- 
clude my formal Investiture. The Presiding Bishop will be here for that event. On 
Friday, Dr. Frederica Thompsett, Director of the Board for Theological Educa- 
tion, will speak at the Convention Banquet and we will be about our busi- 
ness as a Diocesan family. 

I am grateful for the years 1 have had as your Bishop Coadjutor and 
I look forward with great expectations to the years to come. 

Robert W. Estill 

The passing of an era 

Photo by Aaron W. Cornwall 

Fraser leaves active service 


Reprinted from the Sentinel 

Until man seriously contemplates his 
own death, he never really begins to live. 

That view, stated by German theolo- 
gian Martin Heidegger, has for some 
time been on the mind of the Rt. Rev. 
Thomas A. Fraser, Jr. 

' 'The one thing that each of us must 
do someday," Fraser said, "is die. 

"Being fired is a death experience, 
divorce is a death experience, losing a 
loved one is a death experience and 
retirement is a death experience." 

Retirement as bishop of the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina comes at 
year's end for Fraser. 

He admitted, in an interview with 
The Sentinel, that he had never 

contemplated his death seriously 
because he never believed he would 
live to be 40. 

Now 67 and retiring, he set his sights 
recently on the challenge of under- 
standing death. He took himself to 
Duke University Hospital for the past 
two summers and worked in the in- 
tensive care units, trying to be of help 
to those facing their own death and to 
those serving the dying. 

"We in the church," Fraser said, "all 
talk about celebrating life and that 
sounds good, but what the gospel is 
about is crucifixion and resurrection. 
Life only comes through death and 
resurrection, and it's not until you 
face your own death that you begin 
to think about your own resurrection. 

"What you must do is never build 
your whole life around one person or 

thing. You must learn to build your 
life around God and God alone be- 
cause God is eternal. He promised us 
life both now and after death through 
the crucifixion and resurrection 

"This is the clue to real Christian liv- 
ing. When you are a person who is 
about to die, you know God is pres- 
ent. A lot of dying people find their 
strength in God. The bottom line for 
the whole of life is that there is a 
God— for everyone." 

That last statement may be a key to 
the force that has led Fraser through 
some dark and lonely hallways in life, 
causing him to confront some of his 
biggest challenges. 

For nearly 42 years he has been in 
the ministry, and over a half of those 
years, 23, have been in the episco- 

He chose the ministry. He tried bank- 
ing, he said, and he turned down op- 
portunities to enter Trinity College 
and Harvard Law School. 

That decision was life-changing, as re- 
vealed in this review of his life and 
times, prepared from quotes from his 
past, from his colleagues and from 
the interview. 

While at Hobart College, studying 
psychology, "I accepted only intuition 
and intellect as the approach to real- 
ity." The one-time Baptist said he en- 
tered the denomination "as a pagan" 
because "the Episcopal Church would 
take me where I was." 

Before graduation from Hobart, he 
took out the year of 1937 to study at 
the University of Jena in Germany. 
There he became worried "about the 


wnama/n**..../,, .-.■<, „;-i ■,«.«,•■,■ 


The Lost Coin: 

Seeking Stewardship 

Diocesan commission conducts survey 
to explore parish stewardship needs 

HIGH POINT— The Diocese will soon have 
an accurate picture of the nature of the 
stewardship practiced by its 116 congrega- 
tions, thanks to the efforts of the newly- 
formed Diocesan Stewardship Commission. 

Given permanent status by the 198S Dioc- 
esan Convention, the Stewardship Commis- 
sion has spent much of the last year re- 
searching the stewardship needs of the Dio- 
cese and planning program for 1983. 

In preparation for a diocesan-wide Steward- 
ship Conference, which will be held at the 
Conference Center in Browns Summit this 
April, the commission has surveyed 116 
congregations to determine their existing 
levels of stewardship development. 

Guided by the results of that survey and 
their research on the stewardship resources 
of the larger church, the commission plans 
to form a number of resource teams which 
will be available in early 1983 to assist 
local congregations with their stewardship 

The commission has also planned a confer- 
ence on deferred giving for next fall. Chair- 

man Glenn E. Busch stresses the commis- 
sion's eagerness to assist individual congre- 
gations, though he is quick to point out 
that the effort is still in its formative 

"We are eager to help in any way that we 
can," Busch explains. "But we also realize 
that the commission is in its early stages, 
and that we have a lot of background work 
to do before we will be confident enough of 
our basic direction to make any concrete 

It is the commission's intent, Busch said, 
to provide not only the mechanism for 
stewardship but also opportunities to ap- 
proach the subject on a more personal, Bib- 
lical and comprehensive level. 

"We are acutely aware that stewardship 
means far, far more than raising money, 
and we hope in some way that we can get 
that message across in all that we do," 
Busch said. 

"However, we are also aware that the com- 
mission is charged with the responsibility 
of providing concrete ideas and practical 
suggestions. Our task is large, and cannot 
be accomplished in one or two years, but 
will need our constant and continuous at- 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Interfaith group to conduct state- 
wide survey on needs of the elderly 

RALEIGH— The Interfaith Coalition on 
Aging has begun a statewide effort to 
survey the special needs of North Carolina's 
600,000 older adults. 

The Coalition is a cooperative effort of the 
North Carolina Department of Human Re- 
sources' Division of Aging and the state's 
churches, synagogues and other religious 

The Coalition hopes to provide a compre- 
hensive range of services to older cit- 
izens through their local churches and 

In addition to providing technical services, 
the Division of Aging will publicize informa- 
tion about the general well-being of the el- 
derly, and provide specialists to conduct 
workshops on specific topics. Educational 
programs will be organized in such areas as 
phyical fitness, myths and stereotypes 
about aging, as well as issues surrounding 
rest home and nursing home care. 

Special information will be available on 
education and training opportunities for the 
elderly through the Statewide Aging Confer- 
ence and the Summer School of Gerontolo- 
gy, also sponsored by the Division of Aging. 

Phillip Brown, Director of the Penick Mem- 
orial Home in Southern Pines, and Chair- 
man of the Coalition, said the survey will 
give churches, synagogues, and commun- 
ity service groups a clear insight into both 
the spiritual and physical needs of older 

The Interfaith Coalition on Aging, an his- 
toric link between church and state in 
North Carolina, was formed last spring. 
The White House Conference on Aging rec- 
ommended the formation of similar coali- 
tions in all the states represented at the 
conference in December, 1981. 

Episcopal church leaders condemn 
massacre of peasants in El Salvador 

NEW YORK— Seven members of a coopera- 
tive farm, part of a social program of the 
Episcopal Church in El Salvador, were 
massacred on Nov. 20 in La Florida, 65 
miles west of San Salvador. Episcopal 
Church leaders strongly condemned the 
murder soon after learning the details. 

The victims, all male, had their throats cut 
and their bodies dumped in a mass grave, 
according to newspaper reports. As a re- 
sult, more than 520 persons from the vil- 
lage have fled— some taking refuge in the 
Episcopal diocese offices in San Salvador — 
while 90 continue to live in constant fear 
at the farm. Among the dispersed persons 
are 24 orphans and several elderly people. 
"It is something unbelievable," said the 
Rev. Luis Serrano, Director of CREDHO, the 
Church sponsoring agency and the priest- 
in-charge of the 200-member congregation 
at the farm. 

The farm at La Florida was purchased two 
years ago through a grant from church-re- 
lated European funding agencies. The farm 
is producing cereals and sugar cane. "This 
is really a model of agrarian reform," said 
Serrano, "a unique program in the coun- 

The local press reported in San Salvador 
that "a large group of armed men" came to 
the farm and killed the leaders and work- 
ers of the cooperative. It is not known if 
the government has begun an investigation 
of the killings, a step that was demanded in 
a public statement by the Human Rights 
Commission of El Salvador. Weeping, while 
talking on the telephone, Serrano said: 
"They have killed these innocent people. 
This is the most horrendous thing I have 
seen in my entire ministry." Among the 
victims was a man who had been traveling 
to the offices in San Salvador while under- 
going treatment for cancer. 

In New York, Episcopal Church Presiding 
Bishop John M. Allin asked the Rt. Rev. G. 
Edward Haynsworth, partnership officer 
for Latin America and Bishop- in-Charge of 
El Salvador, to interrupt a scheduled meet- 
ing of Province IX and fly to El Salvador. 

Allin sent a cable to the TJ. S. Ambassador 
to El Salvador, Deane Hinton, asking him to 
press for investigation of the killings and to 

see that justice be done. Allin was joined by 
the Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate 
of the Anglican Church of Canada in this 

The Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Re- 
lief has sent $5,000 to the Church in El Sal- 
vador to assist with the immediate housing, 
food and clothing needs of the victims' 
families. In a telephone conversation Ser- 
rano reported that several of the children 
have been placed in an S. 0. S. village in 
Sonsonate, a coastal town. "They gave us 
space but told us that they did not have 
enough food for all of them," said Serrano. 

Joint Lutheran-Episcopal Service 
will be held at National Cathedral 

WASHINGTON, D. C— Plans are complete 
for a joint celebration of the Eucharist to 
mark formally the inauguration of the ecu- 
menical commitment which was approved 
in September by the national ruling bodies 
of three Lutheran Churches and the Epis- 
copal Church. 

Washington National Cathedral will be the 
site of the service on January 16 at 4 P. M. 
This will mark the first time that the heads 
of all four churches will celebrate together, 
and the service is expected to provide a 
model for other such rites across the coun- 

Presiding Bishop John M. Allin of the Epis- 
copal Church will be the chief celebrant; 
Bishop James R. Crumley of the Lutheran 
Church in America will preach; Bishop 
David Preus of the American Lutheran 
Church will lead the prayers of the people, 
and Bishop John T. Walker, Bishop of 
Washington and Dean of Washington Cathe- 
dral, will preside. 

Music representing both traditions will be 
offered by the Cathedral Choir of Boys and 
Men, the Choir of the Church of the Refor- 
mation, the Choir of Christ Lutheran Church 
and the Choir of Augustana Lutheran 
Church. Lay and clerical leaders from all 
the churches will take additional roles in 
the Rite n celebration from the Episcopal 
Book of Common Prayer. 

Chapel Hill church hosts meeting 
of internationally-known theologians 

CHAPEL HILL— Continuing education took 
on new lustre this December for the 100 
clergy and laypeople who attended a con- 
ference on "The Authority of Truth in the 
Christian Story" at the Chapel of the Cross 

Jointly sponsored by the Chapel Hill con- 
gregation, the Duke Divinity School and the 
Trinity Institute, the two-day conference 
featured lectures by five American and Brit- 
ish theologians on the relationship of au- 
thority and truth in the Christian story. 

Maurice Wiles, Regius Professor of Divinity 
at the University of Oxford, and Stephen 
Sykes, Van Mildert Professor of Divinity at 
the University of Durham, ably represented 
the high level of British scholarship and the 
range of debate characteristic of the Angli- 
can Church. 

Wiles is Canon of Christ Church and for- 
mer chairman of the Doctrine Commission 
of the Church of England. Sykes presently 
serves as theological consultant to the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. 

Robert C. Gregg, Associate Professor of Pa- 
tristics at the Divinity School of Duke Uni- 
versity, John Schutz, Professor of Religion 
at the University of North Carolina at Chap- 
el Hill, and John Westerhoff, HI, Professor 
of Divinity at Duke, supplied the American 
contribution to the symposium. 

All have published widely in their respec- 
tive fields and are parishioners of the Chap- 
el of the Cross. Gregg and Westerhoff are 
also Episcopal priests. 

The five scholars were assisted by the Rev. 
Dr. Dennis Campbell, newly-appointed Dean 
of Duke Divinity School, and the Rev. Dr. 
Durstan McDonald, Director of the Trinity 
Institute of New York. Campbell and Mc- 
Donald served as resource persons for the 
two-day conference, which drew partici- 
pants from all three North Carolina dio- 
ceses, Virginia and South Carolina. 

Page 2— The Communicant— December 1982 


foolishness of war, the inhumanity of 
man to man." 

He saw "Jews beaten on the streets. . . 
people persecuted for their religious 
convictions." A year later, after 
graduation, he entered Virginia 
Theological Seminary and before long 
he was in trouble. 

When he got behind in his term pa- 
pers, his dean confronted him. Angry, 
he replied: "The world is going to 
hell. We're going to have the biggest 
war the world has ever seen and you 
want me to write papers on Moses 
and Abraham when we don't even 
know if those people lived?' ' 

It was either write the papers or leave 
school. "It was one of the biggest 
shocks of my life," Fraser said. 

But he accepted the challenge. It's a 
trait he's passed on to his diocesan 

One Episcopal priest, a native of 
Winston-Salem, in looking back to 
when he was a college student under 
Fraser, said: "He challenged me 
greatly! But it was very much to my 
enrichment. He kept insisting that I 
search very deeply within myself to 
discover the kinds of inner spiritual 
resources that would be necessary for 
me to enter the ministry. 

"He made it as hard as possible for 
me to get in and once I got in, he has 
been nothing but a good friend." 

Now the priest is "very glad" he had 
to earn the right to serve in the minis- 
try. Recently he preached on what 
Fraser meant to him. He said Fraser 
made all of his seminarians confront 
their fears and doubts. 

Early years of service 

Fraser' s first service for the church 
was in 1941 in the Diocese of Long 
Island, a time and place where ves- 
trymen, during a regular meeting, 
could take out their personal check- 
books and pay for a brand new sanc- 

The Episcopal Church, Fraser said, 
"has always been the church of the 
establishment, whether it was the po- 
litical or economic establishment, and 
all of the jokes about its wealth have 
an element of truth. We recognized 
that we were the church with a great 
deal of clout, in one sense of the 
word, but we did not have many peo- 
ple in our churches. But we had 
beautiful boys' choirs and gorgeous 
architecture— the right church to be 
married and buried in." 

As the 1960's came on, Fraser and 
others in the church began to come 
under the influence of the German 
theologians who said "that you just 
could not find salvation in stained 
glass windows or great big organs. 
Somehow or other the gospel had to 
be lived." 

On May 13, 1960, when he was con- 
secrated in ceremonies at St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church here, where he had 
served as rector for nine years, the 
Rt. Rev. Arthur Lichtenberger, then 
presiding bishop of the church and 
consecrator, said the church needed 
to take a stand on social issues, and 
he began to stir up the church. An ill- 
ness cut short his drive, but others 
took up the cause— Fraser among 

The cause grew out of the social and 
economic changes that were taking 
place in America. One of the biggest 

INTO THE WORLD-Richard H. Baker, Bishop of North Carolina, 
and his newly-consecrated Coadjutor, Thomas A. Fraser. 

The Watchman 

For Thomas, Bishop in the Church of God 

"Upon your walls, Jerusalem, I have set 
watchmen; all the day and all the night they 
shall never be silent." (Isaiah 62:6) The Propers 
for Christmas Day II, Year C 

The watchman's job, unenviable 

(Or was it?), 

To look out, beyond what was 

Within the walls 

Where there were those who, dreaming, 

Thought they were awake 

And in their dreaming never knew 

The nature or the force of what advanced 

To wake them from their dreaming 

But you knew 

And were there times 
When you, 

Having seen what was inevitable, 
What God had willed, 
Had wished another had the task 
, So you could rest 
And be more readily available 
To those who, 
Within the walls, 
Cried from below while you, 
Acting from some prior voice, 
Some prior duty, 
Stuffed your ears 

And sharpened your vision 

Towards the threat outside the walls 

And sounded the alarm 

And, sounding, helped us to prepare 

So that, together, 


Not just you, we, 

Were strengthened and survived? 

And more 

—We came out stronger than before 

"I thank my God upon every 

remembrance of you ... ." 
And I shall continue to remember 
For you have stood and walked upon the 


When wailing came within, without, 
For you have kept your eye upon some 

brighter star 

And bade us look up and see - 
Beyond ourselves, beyond yourself, 
That which was, is now, and is to be 
—God's glory, eternally. 

—Jacob A. Viverette, Jr. 

The Rev. Jacob A. Viverette, Jr. wrote this poem 
in honor of Bishop Fraser on the occasion of his 
retirement as Bishop of North Carolina. 

issues was equality and desegregation. 
"All I have ever said— and I stand by 
it today," Fraser said, "is that I do 
not believe all people are created 
equal, but everybody must have an 
equal opportunity at life because if 
the Christian hangs by his gospel, 
what he is saying is that Jesus died 
for all people. He did not say good 
people or people who went to the 
right schools or wore the right clothes 
or had the right color skins. All 
people. So the church found itself 
caught; it had to come clean. It had to 
cease being an exclusive institution." 

He added: "I've always felt that the 
church could not close its doors to 
people because of their sins or the 
color of their skins. If the church is 
only for good people, then there 
would not be any people in church. 
That's what church is there for. 

"If you don't have needs, you don't 
need the church. There are not just 
social needs, economic needs, there 
are spiritual needs, emotional needs 
and psychological needs. What we are 
talking about is the wholeness of man 
or, as young people say, 'the church 
ought to be helping people get their 
act together.' The church ought to 
have the courage to say what it be- 

"I got involved because I wanted to 
get involved. This doesn't mean I'm 
particularly good. I don't want to give 
that erroneous impression. I don't 
want God to take a lunch break on 
me. I'm in need, too. 

"The pressure was on the church to 
do something for these people who 
felt they were being oppressed, and 
we needed, somehow, to let off that 
steam. Somebody had to; I had to." 

The toughest battle 

His most memorable battle in that pe- 
riod of racial oppression came over 
the funding of Malcolm X Liberation 
University in Durham. The black sep- 
aratist educational experiment, begun 
in 1969 by Howard Fuller, was fund- 
ed by a $45,000 grant from the na- 
tional headquarters of the Episcopal 
Church. North Carolina Episcopalians 
reacted by withholding financial sup- 
port for the diocesan and national 

Fraser said, in the interview, that he 
didn't think funding Malcolm X was 
the right way to handle the racial is- 
sues, "but I ran it through a commit- 
tee (of prominent blacks and whites 
in the state) and they studied the 
situation. When they said 'go,' I went. 
(The national church used informa- 
tion from this committee and Fraser 
to make its decision about the grant.) 
You can't appoint a committee in 
times of crises to make a decision and 
then say 'I'm not going with your rec- 
ommendation.' I took a stand and I 
didn't back down. 

' 'The dynamics of the times were 
what was driving us— and me. If you 
are going to be a bishop, you've got 
to be a bishop for all people; if you 
are going to be a minister or priest, 
you've got to be a minister or priest 
for all people. There can be no differ- 

"You can't say 'she is a prostitute and 
can't come into the church.' Jesus 
says some of those prostitutes may 
get in before some of those church 
folks. No one can throw stones at 
anyone else because we are all in 
need and what we must have with 


The Communicant— December 1982— Page 3 


faith, hope and charity is compas- 
sion—compassion toward one an- 
other. That's more important than 
getting elected to the vestry." 

Fraser had to think about the depth 
of his own compassion when an 
eight-year-old black asked to be con- 
firmed. "I told her when she learned 
the offices of instruction, I would con- 
firm her." Two years later, when Fra- 
ser returned to her church in Little- 
ton, she was ready. 

"The day that I confirmed that child, 
there had been a series of bloody ra- 
cial riots. When I put my hands on 
that child's head and said, 'Defend, O 
Lord, this thy child, ' I was afraid I 
was a phony. Would I really lay 
down my life for this child? 

"That Sunday I had four services and 
I got home rather late. As I got down 
to say my prayers, the only thing I 
could say was 'Dear God, save me 
from being a phony.' 

The beginning of wisdom 

"How do you handle this kind of 
thing? I can only tell you the way I 
handled it. In my opinion, the begin- 
ning of wisdom is to know what you 
can do and what you cannot do. And 
then you are free to be yourself. And 
when you get to the point where you 
can achieve some of being yourself, 
then you will know for whom you 
are willing to die." 

It was during these years of racial 
strife, a long-time Episcopalian friend 
and neighbor said, that Fraser went 
through a time when he was consid- 
ered a friend, an enemy, a friend. He 
added, "history has shown that he 
stood his ground and he was right." 

Today, Fraser said, "We are in a 
whole period of some kind of spiri- 
tual revival and renewal. If that helps 
anybody, that's great. I feel badly 
when someone says 'You've got to go 
out there and tell them about Jesus. 
They've got to be converted.' I think 
you've got to serve them so they will 
be converted. If you're not going to 
help anybody with food, shelter or 
medical care unless they accept Jesus 
Christ, then I question that. The 

reason they don't believe or accept 
Jesus Christ as Saviour may be be- 
cause of the way some of us in the 
church, from bishops on down, have 

A gospel perspective 

"One of the reasons I have pushed . 
this perspective of the gospel is that 
we have to have somebody always 
out there brokering the needs and re- 
sources so that we have food banks, 
sleep-ins, child abuse and women 
abuse centers. 

' 'We are faced with a myriad of prob- 
lems. We are in a worldwide transfor- 
mation, reformation revolution. 
Everywhere you go there is trouble. 
We need to learn to share, not just 
money, but concerns. 

"We will have to adopt a different 
lifestyle. We all like nice things, like 
to eat well, like to dress well, like to 
go here or there. But when we talk 
about sacrifice, we're not talking 
about the widow's two coins. 

"We are talking about some discipline 
in the way we live and behave, and 
some priorities which guide how we 
spend our money. 

"It's getting things into proportion. 
It's not taking from one and giving to 
another. It's sharing out of all com- 
passion and understanding." 

Once retired, Fraser will not meddle, 
a colleague said, nor will he hang 
around. A retired bishop, Fraser said, 
"is a priest without authority or re- 
sponsibility." Retirement may well 
become his hardest challenge in life. 

What he will do in this exile is not 
known. He has revealed no plans. 
However, he will continue to be a 
priest, and those characteristics which 
have made him what he is will con- 
tinue to function— awkwardly 

A touch of Spencer Tracy 

As a priest and bishop, he is affable 
but plainspoken. While he tries to ap- 
pear gruff, his manner betrays a touch 
of Spencer Tracy— blunt, frank, good- 
natured, almost tender. He likes to re- 
mind people that although born in 
Georgia he was raised in Brooklyn, as 
if to assure that gruffness. 

As a father, he could be strict — the only 
role some ever knew him in. Others saw 
a more understanding side — one which 
allowed freedom to choose, to fail, to 
succeed. - 

His friends say he realizes he is 
strong-willed, or as he likes to laugh 
at himself and say, "I'm frequently 
wrong, but never in doubt." 

He did his nudging, his clergy says, in 
the spirit of a father. As a father, he 
could be strict, the only role some 
ever knew him in. Others saw him as 
an understanding father, giving free- 
dom to choose, to fail, to succeed. 

His style, according to a young associ- 
ate, is never to let problems grow to 
issues. He prefers to settle them head- 
on. Even with his instant zeal, he was 
able to accomplish things in a quiet 
manner— like granting women the 
right to serve on vestries and as con- 
vention delegates. 

And at other times, he liked to use 
the bombshell approach— as in getting 
St. Mary's College to become inte- 

Strong in a crisis 

Under his influence, the diocese has 
become nationally known and is held 
in high regard; while diversified, it 
has not split— a result directly attri- 
butable to his skills and talents and 
the assistance of the clergy and laity, 
which he sought. 

Those who admire his style, and 
those who don't, agree quickly that 
he was intensely loyal to his clergy 
and staff and that he had a well-run 

His day-to-day associates said he was 
at his best when things got tough and 
that he prided himself on crisis inter- 
vention—and well he should, they 
laughingly said, as he created enough 
crises over the years to develop those 

But whatever the crises, they said, his 
judgment was usually straightfor- 

Fraser trained at Grace Church, 
Brooklyn under George Atwater. 

He made us strong 


Administrator, pastor, spiritual guide- 
bishops have various styles and em- 
phases. But all bishops are apostles- 
ones sent from God. And all are dif- 
ferent: Paul and Peter were not the 
same; Levi and John were not the 
same. There is no one right way. 

Thomas A. Fraser has shared his style 
with us. History will judge his minis- 
try and ours, but it is my belief that 
in 20 years we will look back to the 
'60s and '70s in this Diocese as "the 
good old days." We are better off for 
having Thomas Fraser as our bishop. 

In his feistiness he was strong— which 
meant that the clergy and the laity of 
the Diocese had to push back— and 
that made us strong. It has been like 
doing isometric exercises, or working 
out on the Nautilus— every day, grad- 
ually, without our even noticing it, we 
claimed our strength. He wrestled 
with us and made us tougher when he 
could have led us around— and then 

left us bereft and weak and wander- 

He made certain that the weight of 
ministry in this Diocese was on more 
shoulders than just his. And now our 
shoulders are going to be able to carry 
that weight in the years to come. 

In January a new apostle with differ- 
ent gifts and a different style succeeds 
to be among us. 

But for 22 years we were with some- 
one unique. Frederick Buechner has a 
book about Biblical characters that he 
calls Peculiar Treasures. For a time we 
have been blessed with the ministry 
of one of God's peculiar treasures, his 
apostle and servant, Thomas Augustus. 

Thanks be to God! 


ward. He was able to live with dis- 
agreement and thrive on it, because 
he saw conflict as creative and pro- 
ductive. Often in these conflicts, his 
colleagues said, "it was the sheer 
magnitude of his personality" that 
kept the diocese together. 

His neighbor said, "He is a man of 
God who has said 'You should learn 
to take your job seriously and not 
yourself.' Tom did that." 

"What he's given me," said a clergy- 
man who grew up under his tutelage, 
"is a legacy of integrity and a depth 
of commitment to faith and the 
church that I would not have had ex- 
cept under his guidance. 

"I think, more- than anybody I know, 
he has a very acute insight into 
people and what they need at the mo- 
ment, especially whether they need 
support or whether they need chal- 
lenging, and whether they need to be 
comfortable or need to be made un- 

"He has been able to do both in the 
diocese and maybe that's one of the 
keys to why he has been so contro- 
versial. But then that's one reason the 
church in this diocese has moved as 
far as it has. His weakness is that he's 
an autocrat, but that's also his 
strength." Fraser has a wry view of 
himself and his own weaknesses. 
"You can't have been around as long 
as long as I have and remain very 
much of a secret. I am not particular- 
ly transparent and I am not a 
righteous Calvinist; I'm just a 

As the preeminent religion reporter in 
North Carolina, Virtie Stroup has been 
reporting the news of the Episcopal 
Church since Bishop Fraser's early days 
as Coadjutor. We are grateful to the 
Winston-Salem Sentinel for permission 
to reprint her final story on the eighth 
Bishop of North Carolina. 

The Rev. Joel T. Keys is the Rector of 
Trinity Church, Statesville; his remarks 
are excerpted from a sermon which he 
preached in honor of Bishop Fraser on 
October 24, 1982. 

served parishes in New York, 
Alexandria and Winston-Salem. 

Page 4— The Communicant— December 1982 

At rope's end 

Shelter for a night 


winston salem— Mr. Thrift is restless 
tonight. From the middle of the long, 
dark hallway, silhouetted by the 
bright red exit light, his slight figure 
bobs slowly among the sleeping 
bodies as he makes his way forward. 
He's looking for some conversation. 

Mr. Thrift would like a smoke,, too, 
but he knows the rules of this shelter: 
no smoking, no eating, no drinking, 
no fighting— just resting, out of the 
cold, on a vinyl-covered pallet on the 
floor of the educational building of St. 
Paul's Episcopal Church. 

Eighteen other "street people"— all 
men, as it happens, although women 
are welcome— join Mr. Thrift this 
cold November night. St. Paul's is the 
first of a number of the downtown 
churches of Winston-Salem which 
have agreed to take turns providing 
shelter in cold weather for homeless 


The program, which will continue 
through March, provides only a place 
to lie down inside and a bathroom. 

It's not particularly cold tonight; the 
predicted low should hit the 40' s. But 
a half-dozen guests are already hud- 
dled near the entrance 30 minutes 
before the door opens at 8 o'clock. 
They nod affably to the volunteers, 
four men and a woman, who enter 
bringing their own pillows and blan- 

The volunteers have a large classroom 
and cots for the evening. Their sec- 
tion and the guests' are separated by 
a temporary chicken-wire gate; volun- 
teers are told to go into the guests' 
hallway only two at a time, and one 
volunteer is to stay near the tele- 
phone. The police know about the 
program and are delighted. When 
they find someone who needs shelter 
in the middle of the night, the officers 
call ahead and provide escort. 

The rules, with their scary intima- 
tions, are to be strictly enforced— if a 
fight starts, for instance, everyone has 
to leave immediately. In three weeks 
there has been very little trouble, al- 
though police have had to remove a 
few particularly aggressive drunks. 
There will be no trouble this even- 
ing .. . only Mr. Thrift, looking to 

Like the others, Mr. Thrift is too thin, 
and none too clean. He is sober, un- 
like many of the men. Most wear rag- 
ged clothes— few own more than an 
old suit jacket for warmth. Pockets 
are grimy, cuffs are torn. 

A young white man with a silvery 
jacket and clean long hair nods to 
Dale McMillin, the volunteer ready to 
search him. Yes, he knows the rules. 
He is quiet, and his eyes are slightly 

Some of the men let McMillin and 
another volunteer, Bob Turner, both 
of St. Paul's, take their belongings 
away in manila envelopes for safe- 
keeping. Mr. Thrift's envelope bulges 
with maps and other papers, and an- 
other bundle holds his carton of ciga- 
rettes and his radio. 

A man enters on crutches, walking 
painfully and slowly; another guest 
gets him a pallet and asks where he 
wants it placed. A policeman arrives 
with another transient, although it's 
still the regular check-in time; the 
officer has brought him from the 
hospital, where he has been treated 
for an epileptic seizure. 

Tyson Swain of St. Paul's, the 
evening's team captain, puts the new 
arrival's pallet at the end of the hall 
near the volunteers. The man eases 
himself down and, after making sure 
the volunteers know which hospital 
he wants to be taken to if he has 
another seizure in the night, he falls 
asleep with some wriggling and some 
conversation with himself. He will 
have a quiet night. 

About 10 o'clock, the Rev. E. Dudley 
Colhoun, Jr., St. Paul's Rector, comes 
downstairs after a baptism class to 
greet the volunteers. He and the Rev. 
George H. Glazier, assistant rector, 
have been in charge of the program 
for the_ church and have worked with 
the program's leaders to allay the 
neighborhood's fears about the street 
people in its midst. 

Mr. Thrift has noted Colhoun's arri- 
val. "Was that the preacher?" he asks 
Swain a while later. "I'd like to talk 
to the preacher." 

"He's gone now. Why don't you try 
to get some sleep?" Swain says 

The deep silence of the building is 
interrupted by occasional snores, a 
rasping cough, some early-evening 
conversation, until a voice from the 
dark tells the talkers to shut up. 
Wafting over transients and volun- 
teers alike is the nose-wrinkling smell 
of unwashed bodies and dirty clothes, 
and a pervasive feeling of exhaustion. 
At the 6:30 a.m. lights-on, men strug- 
gle to rearrange their clothes and sort 
their belongings back into the pockets 
of pants and jackets. 

They stack their pallets along the wall 
without being asked and many thank 
the volunteers as they check out into 
the chilly morning. 

Mr. Thrift straightens his jacket, 
makes some conversation, gathers his 
bundles and leaves. Now he can have 
his smoke, make his rounds, and wait 
until tonight to gather with the other 
street people at the shelter. No eating, 
no drinking, no smoking, no fighting, 
on a thick mat in a cinderblock hall- 

The volunteers gather their belong- 
ings, too. Slightly bleary-eyed from a 
night spent on a strange cot, inter- 
rupted by two-hour shifts of caring 
wakefulness, they leave to prepare for 
their own day. ■ 

Readers are disappointed with cover 

Appalled and disgusted by 
this nameless perversion 

Dear Editor: 

I could not let one more moment go 
by without taking typewriter in hand 
to tell you how shocked, horrified, 
appalled, and disgusted I was by the 
cover of the November 1982 Com- 
municant. The pregnant Mary was 
distasteful enough; the baby boy Jesus 
was revoltingly obscene, but they 
pale into the merest insignificance 
when compared to the nameless per- 
version on this year's cover. A small 
boy . . . chasing after an obviously 
older female! Each of them carrying 

One need only read the accounts of 
the Pulitzer divorce to have the mind 
reel with the possibilities here. The 
Marquis de Sade would blush. Caligu- 
la himself would be nauseated. And 


this publication of yours can be found 
on the coffee tables and escritoires of 
Christian homes, within the reach of 
children and harmless old people. 

Doubtless you will get many more let- 
ters of protest, which will fill your 
pages for the next six months. For my 
part, I do not seek the limelight of 
publication in your vile tabloid. 

Merely cancel my subscription, and 
that of the rest of my parish. Also, 

the whole Diocese, as far as that goes. 

Come to think of it, since any sen- 
tient being in the known universe 
would be offended, perhaps you 
should just suspend publication al- 

Merry Christmas! 

Devoted Reader 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

Editor's Note: As intended, "Devoted 
Reader's" letter brought a lot of chuck- 
les to our office staff on an otherwise 
cheerless day, and seemed entirely too 
funny to keep to ourselves. 

Like the author of the following letter, a 
number of readers, apparently confused 
by late delivery of the November issue, 
expressed dissatisfaction with a cover 
which fell short of the mark established 
by previous Christmas covers. We trust 
that with the publication of this month's 
cover, all is forgiven. 

Cover is a disappointment 
and lacks former brilliance 

Dear Editor: 

The current cover, "Books, Kids & 
Christmas," of The Communicant is 
a disappointment. The past brilliance 
seemingly has been lobotomized (and 

Luther W. Self 
Asheboro, North Carolina 

Letters Policy 

Letters to the Editor are always welcome 
and will be printed as space is available, 
providing they are typewritten and 
double-spaced. All editorial cor- 
respondence must carry the author's 
name, address and telephone number, 
and should be directed to: Editor, The 
Communicant, PO Box 1 7025, Raleigh, 
NC 27619. 

The Communicant— December 1982— Page 5 



,.MS>/Xf&^^ e 




c»** - • 




j** mux 

w .w*<- 

Weathered with age 

Sheltered in a grove of trees near the south fork of the Yadkin River, St. 
Andrew's, Woodleaf is one of the few remaining primitive Episcopal churches of 
the antebellum period in North Carolina. Consecrated on August 30, 1840 by 
Bishop Levi Silliman Ives, the building was recently added to the National 
Register of Historic Places. Light is provided by candles and oil lamps, and left- 
over communion wafers are placed in the bird-feeder below, which sits by an 
altar window, so that others of God's creatures may also be fed. 

Photos by Sidney S. Bost, Jr. 

Page 6— The Communicant— December 1982 

Structure & Organization: 

A Report to the Diocese 

Perhaps the most significant legislation 
to come before delegates to the Diocesan 
Convention this month are the canon- 
ical changes being proposed by the Com- 
mittee on Structure and Organization. 
Under the direction of chairman Henry 
Lewis, committee members have spent 
the last 19 months studying ways to im- 
prove upon existing arrangements for the 
government of the Episcopal Church in. 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 

Believing that a subject of such impor- 
tance merits the widest possible discus- 
sion, The Communicant presents the 
following summation of the report which 
the Committee will submit to the 167th 
Annual Convention of the Diocese at its 
meeting in Durham January 28-29. 


The Committee on Structure and Or- 
ganization, which had been brought 
together and given its assignment by 
Bishop Fraser in May 1981, reported 
its activities to the Convention of 
1982, and then, by resolution, the 
Convention constituted this committee 
an agency of the Convention itself and 
directed it to report to the 167th Con- 
vention meeting in 1983. Paraphrasing 
Bishop Fraser, the committee's tasks 
were to take a new look at the way 
the diocese is organized to do its work 
and make needed proposals for 
change, to give the Bishop Coadjutor 
insight into how the diocese is govern- 
ed and an opportunity to propose 
changes of his own, and to draft and 
offer for Convention approval what- 
' ever constitutional and canonical 
amendments may be required to put 
committee proposals into effect. 

From the time our committee was 
formed until the Convention of 1982, 
we met in formal session ten times; 
since our adoption by the Convention 
we have met fourteen times. We have 
benefited from the experience of 
Bishop Fraser, and we have had 
the whole-hearted participation 
of Bishop Estill. 

We must emphasize that our concern 
has been with diocesan government, 
not diocesan program. Thus, in read- 
ing our report one should bear in 
mind that officers, agencies, commis- 
sions,- etc. not mentioned are those 
which, in our view, did not require 
analysis in a study of. structure; sim- 
ilarly, we did not treat agencies estab- 
lished by or required by the General 

We present our report with enthusi- 
asm and with the conviction that the 
changes we advocate can strengthen 
the Church for its tasks in the coming 
years, bearing in mind, however, that 
when experience justifies further 
changes, both Constitution and can- 
ons are alterable at the will of the 

The Work of the Committee 

At the outset we determined not to re- 
iterate the analyses of the last struc- 
ture committee but to commend them 
to the diocese for their wisdom and 
educational value. Against the back- 

ground of that earlier study, we turn- 
ed our attention to the fundamental 
agencies of diocesan government. 

The Convention 

Apart from the Episcopate, the center 
of authority and decision in the dio- 
cese is the annual Convention in 
which the clergy and the lay represen- 
tatives from parishes and missions 
legislate policy, adopt budgets, and 
establish procedures. Thus, from 
the first, we focused on the Con- 
vention itself. 

Our examination showed that in its 
brief annual sessions delegates with 
little prior experience find it dif- 
ficult to understand and take part in 
deliberations and decisions; and this 
led us to seek a means for maintain- 
ing a reasonable continuity in the 
Convention's lay membership some- 
what parallel to that achieved by the 
clergy. We found that persons who 
will attend a given session of the 
Convention are not chosen sufficient- 
ly early to enable them to be made 
aware of issues likely to be con- 
sidered; thus, we attempted to pro- 
vide for an earlier selection of lay 

We recommend that lay delegates be 
elected for three-year, staggered 
terms; all would be elected in time to 
be certified to the Secretary of the 
Convention 110 days before the Con- 
vention opens, and the Secretary 
would publish and distribute the 
roster at least 90 days prior to the 

Resolutions and Nominations 

Responding to a clearly demonstrated 
interest among the congregations, we 
expect to ask the Convention to ex- 
pand the clerical membership of that 
body to include each member of the 
clergy actually resident and regularly 
serving a parish or mission of the dio- 
cese regardless of whether canonically 
resident here. 

Although the committees that serve 
the Convention have done well under 
the present system, it was our conclu- 
sion that the number of committees 
should be expanded and that they 
should be designed to deal more ef- 
fectively with the subjects likely to be 
presented for Convention action, per- 
mitting the Bishop to name delegates 
to the committees early enough to 
allow them to familiarize themselves 
with the resolutions and other matters 
referred to them well before the Con- 
vention convenes. 

In the same vein, to facilitate commit- 
tee work, we sought to strengthen the 
existing rules encouraging the early 
submission of both resolutions and 
nominations; and we also saw this as 
another means for assisting delegates 
to become acquainted with these mat- 
ters substantially prior to the Conven- 
tion. Nevertheless, we continue to 
recommend that both resolutions and 
nominations may be introduced at the 
Convention but only with very sub- 
stantial backing. 

Realizing that some of the so-called 
"canonical committees" heretofore 


employed must function between ses- 
sions of the Convention and may need 
members who may not have been elec- 
ted as delegates, we worked to draw 
a distinction between such commit- 
tees (which we have denominated 
"commissions") and the committees 
that serve primarily for a given ses- 
sion of the Convention. 

The Diocesan Council 

Our study of the Convention led us to 
examine next the Diocesan Council, 
the canonical structure that supports 
it, its history, and the workings of 
that body in recent years. Discussions 
with members of the Council, both 
past and present, with the bishops, 
with the Diocesan Business Adminis- 
trator, and with other experienced 
men and women gave us useful 
insights into the practices and 
methods used to carry out Council 
duties. (We also examined the 
organizational arrangements em- 
ployed by other dioceses of compar- 
able size and in the same general area 
of the country.) We reached the 
decision that, for the sake of the 
Bishop and the best use of his time, 
as well as for the on-going work of 
the Convention itself, the canonical 
provisions for organizing the Diocesan 
Council should be rewritten to em- 
phasize the body's role as the 
"Convention between sessions of the 

Since our proposals rely heavily on 
this concept, we would limit Council 
membership to persons chosen direct- 
ly by the Convention, at the same 
time allowing the Council to augment 
its departments with other persons 

when their skills are deemed useful. 
This we understand to be a return to 
the fundamental concept of the Coun- 
cil's composition and role. A strong 
department system is proposed to fa- 
cilitate Council action in performing 
the numerous responsibilities assigned 
to it. 

As it sees fit, the Council would be 
empowered to establish additional 
departments. Department members 
and chairmen are to come from the 
Council membership and are to be 
appointed by the Bishop. With Coun- 
cil approval, the Bishop would be 
able to enlarge the membership of a 
department with persons who are not 
members of the Council. Only 
members of the Council would be 
entitled to vote in sessions of the 
Council itself. 

The Convocations 

Next the committee directed its atten- 
tion to the convocations and to the 
congregations of the diocese. Our 
study demonstrated that, when wisely 
and faithfully used, the convocation 
works well, both as an agency of the 
diocese itself and as an agency for 
cooperative effort among the congre- 
gations in geographic areas smaller 
than the diocese. On the other hand, 
we found that there is confusion as to 
the proper role for convocations. 
Thus, we recommend strengthening 
the system by making the use of con- 
vocations mandatory rather than dis- 
cretionary, requiring the Convention 
(rather than the Council) to decide 
how many convocations should be 
erected and where their boundaries 
should be located. 


The Communicant— December 1982-Page 7 


1 11! 



The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese 


North CXrolina 

d PL. 74, No.l 

Durham will host 
annual convention 

URHAM— Debate over proposed 
anges in the government of the 
locese and the inaugural address of 
e ninth Bishop of North Carolina are 
pected to highlight the proceedings 
the 167th Convention when it meets 
:re January 28 and 29. 

i his first public speech as the Dioce- 
in, the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill is 
cpected to outline the principal con- 
tns which will shape his episcopate 
the years ahead. 

still's Convention address at the 
pening session Friday morning will 
ive delegates and clergy alike their 
rst clear glimpse of the hopes and 
reams closest to the heart of the ninth 
Lishop of the Diocese. 

liome 400 lay delegates and clergy 
(irom every one of the 116 churches 
land missions in the Diocese will as- 
semble in the Sheraton University 
Tenter for the annual lVi-day session 
which is scheduled to begin with open- 
ng prayers at 9:30 a.m. Friday. 

The Passage of Power 

In even larger number of Episcopa- 
ians are expected to throng Duke 
Chapel Thursday evening for the ser- 
r ice of Investiture which will formally 
nark Estill's succession to ecclesiasti- 
al authority. During that service, 
Jishop Fraser will symbolize the pas- 
iage of power and pastoral responsi- 
jility in the Diocese by presenting 
Sstill with the official pastoral staff. 

The Rt. Rev. John M. Allin, Presiding 
Bishop of the Episcopal Church, will 
also attend the service, which will 
feature the combined choirs of St. 
Luke's (Salisbury), Epiphany (Eden), 

Christ Church (Albemarle), Christ 
Church (Charlotte), St. Titus' 
(Durham), Christ Church and Epipha- 
ny (both of Rocky Mount), St. Thomas' 
(Sanford), and Chapel of the Cross 
(Chapel Hill). 

The Convention is being hosted by the 
Durham-area churches, under the di- 
rection of Nancy Anderson, Chairman 
of the Convention Planning Commit- 

A Stronger Convention 

When business gets underway Friday 
morning, delegates and clergy will be 
asked to approve a series of constitu- 
tional and canonical amendments that, 
if passed, will significantly strengthen 
Convention's role in the day-to-day 
governance of Diocesan affairs. 

Among tne cnanges being prupused by 
the Committee on Structure and Or- 
ganization is legislation mandating 
three-year terms for all Convention 
delegates in order to provide a greater 
sense of continuity than that produced 
under the present system of one-year 

The Legislative Agenda 

This is but one of many recommenda- 
tions to be found in the 52-page report 
issued by the committee in early De- 
cember and distributed in advance to 
all clergy and delegates to Convention. 
Enactment of the proposals will entail 
extensive revision of both the Constitu- 
tion and the Canons of the Diocese, a 
task which is expected to keep the 
Convention occupied for much of the 
lVfe-day session. 

Also on the legislative agenda are reso- 
lutions calling for: enactment of the Ju- 

DUKE UNIVERSITY CHAPEL- The opening service for the 167th 
Diocesan Convention will feature the Investiture of the Rt. Rev. 
Robert W. Estill as the ninth Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina. 

bilee Ministries program of the Nation- 
al Church; expenditure of 1% of every 
church's net disposable income in sup- 
port of one or more of the ten accredit- 
ed Episcopal seminaries; the study of 
peace and justice issues in Central 
America; the establishment of a Dioce- 
san Committee on Scouting; support 

for a bilateral nuclear arms freeze; op- 
position to legiglation limiting individ- 
ual freedom of choice with regard to 
abortion; support for alternatives to in- 
carceration; and the establishment of a 
Diocesan Committee on Aging. The 
text of the proposed legislation can be 
found on Insert page 1. S 

Diocese hires new Treasurer 

RALEIGH— For the first time in nine 
years, the Diocese has a new Business 
Administrator and Treasurer. Her 
name is Letty J. Magdanz. 

Nominated with the enthusiastic sup- 
port of Bishop Estill, Magdanz receiv- 
ed confirmation of her appointment by 
unanimous vote of the Diocesan Coun- 
cil at its meeting here January 1 1 . 

Prior to her election, Magdanz had also 
__ received the unanimous endorsement 
I of Council's Department of Finance, 
which had been conducting an exten- 
sive recruiting effort for the last two 
months to fill the staff opening created 
by the resignation last November of 
Michael Schenck, m. 

A licensed CPA with a degree in Busi- 
ness Administration, Magdanz had 
previously worked as a senior staff ac- 
countant with an accounting firm in 
Boone before moving to Raleigh last 
year. She is a member of Christ 
Church, Raleigh. 

Speaking in support of her nomination, 
Finance Department chairman Anne 
Tomlinson assured Council members 
that the decision had not been reached 
hastily. "We unanimously support this 
nomination," Tomlinson explained. 
"She stood head and shoulders above 
all the candidates we interviewed." 

In other business, Council members, 
acting upon the recommendations of 

the Department of Finance, unani- 
mously approved revised budgets for 
1983 of $358,749 for Episcopal Mainte- 
nance (down 10% over 1982), and 
$943,731 for Church's Program (up 

In presenting the revised budget for 
Church's Program, Tomlinson noted 
that what she described as "a normal 
rate of program quota acceptances" 
had produced a shortfall in anticipated 
revenue which would necessitate the 
use of $55,714 in income generated by 
the Program Reserve Fund. 

She also informed Council that the 
Venture In Mission portion of the $2 
Million Campaign was now oversub- 

scribed, while an additional $95,000 re- 
mained to be paid on the Conference 
Center's construction debt. 

Tomlinson reminded Council that 
while original campaign plans called 
for payment of all pledges by 1982, 28 
churches still owed some $200,000 on 
their commitments. ' 'We would like to 
wind this thing down," Tomlinson ex- 
plained, "but we do not want to ignore 
the outstanding balance still due on 
many parish pledges. ' ' 

After some discussion, Council agreed 
to contact parishes by mail to deter- 
mine the status of unpaid pledges. S 

Who is watching whom? 

^•^^ TVip pnicr-nrvatp ic hv 





A bishop is one who watches over the 
church. That's what the Greek word 
means— oversight. But when the Epis- 
copal Church acquires a new bishop, 
it's fair to ask, 'who's watching . 

We dress them elegantly and address 
them courteously. And we watch 
them. Carefully. 

When Bishop Estill enters the great 
west door of Duke Chapel at his Inves- 
titure on January 27, he will be watch- 
ed. Episcopalians love the drama of pro- 
cessions, the splendor of a majestic lit- 
urgy, the public display of continuity 
with our heritage that provides stabili- 
ty for our future. 

But the problem with bishop-watching, 
however, is that it distracts us from 
receiving the uniqueness of a partic- 
ular bishop's ministry. Bishop Estill is 
not Bishop Fraser. Nor is he Bishop 
Penick, Bishop Baker, Bishop Cheshire 
or any of the other luminaries whose 
episcopal grandeur crowds our memo- 
ries and shapes our expectations. 

Robert Estill is only the ninth Bishop 

of North Carolina in a succession that 
began on May 22, 1823, when John 
Stark Ravenscroft was consecrated 
first Bishop of North Carolina at St. 
Paul's Church in Philadelphia. 

And as the ninth Bishop of North 
Carolina, Robert Estill will be watch- 
ed. Some will wince when his easy in- 
formality seems to trespass on what 
they view as the dignity of his office. 
Others will be bewildered for a time at 
the freedom they discover when this 
bishop seems more interested in sup- 

porting the uniqueness and diversity of 
ministries than in applying canons to 
enforce an impossible uniformity. 

But the strength of the diocese with 
Estill at the helm will not develop from 
our watching him— as an object of either 
our negative comparisons or impossi- 
ble expectations. Rather, the strength 
will come as we give him the room to 
watch us— to provide oversight and an 
Estill vision of ministry for North 
Carolina Episcopalians. 

These are exciting days 


Dear Friends: 

At its January meeting, the Diocesan 
Council, upon my recommendation, 
elected Letty J. Magdanz to serve as 
both Business Administrator and Trea- 
surer of the Diocese. Mrs. Magdanz 
was recommended to the Council after 
the Department of Finance, (expanded 
to include Joseph Cheshire and 
Charles Shaffer) had interviewed over 
a dozen applicants for the position. 

A licensed C.P.A., Mrs. Magdanz 
holds a degree in Business Administra- 
tion and has experience as an accoun- 
tant, legal secretary and bookkeeper. 
She is married to Larry Magdanz, a 

teacher at Martin School in Raleigh, 
and they have two sons, aged 13 and 
19. They are members of Christ Church, 
Raleigh. I am delighted to have this 
position filled, and extremely grateful 
to Lillian Reynolds and Becky Kagey 
for the fine job they have done during 
the interim since Michael Schenk's 
resignation last November. 

I am also pleased to announce that the 
Rt. Rev. Frederick B. Putnam and 
his wife Helen will join bur Diocesan 
family on February 1, and will be with 
us until the end of May. He will assist 
me by making visitations. Bishop Put- 
nam is the Retired Bishop of Nava- 
joland and has also served as Suffragan 
Bishop of Oklahoma. The Putnams will 
live in Charlotte during their time with 
us. They will both attend the upcoming 





formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Diocesan Convention and look forward 
to meeting you then. 

Another arrival in our Diocese will 
take place later this year. The Society 
of St. John the Evangelist (SSJE), a mo- 
nastic order of the Episcopal Church, 
will be establishing a house in the Tri- 
angle area. I have made a special effort 
to get them to come and we will be 
able to count on them for assistance 
with spiritual direction, retreats, 
preaching and, where needed, supply 

These are happy and exciting days for 
me as the ninth Bishop of North Caro- 
lina and I look forward to seeing many 
of you at our Convention in Durham. 
Psalm 84 is on my mind as I write this; 

"Happy, indeed, are the people whose 
strength is in you! Whose hearts are set 
on the pilgim's way. " ■ 

The episcopate is, by some measures, 
an anachronistic institution. No bisho 
can "do" all we expect of him. But tb 
episcopate is not a "job". "Bishop" is 
not a verb. 

Robert Estill is the Bishop of North Q 
olina. We expect him to be himself 
within that office, and to look at his 
church, to look at us, through his owr 
eyes, his own vision, and in so doing, 
to be a bishop for our times. 

It is the particular genius of the epis- 
copate that it expresses through the 
governance of the church the Christia 
community's deepest beliefs about th 
way God deals with life. We believe i 
God incarnate. It is in history that Go 
acts, and it is in the particular circum 
stances and limitations of our lives thi 
we encounter eternity. And through th 
way Robert Estill watches over the di 
ocese, we believe the church is given 
care and nurture. 

We have no doctrine of an infallible 
episcopate, as Robert Estill will soon 
discover. But we want our bishops to 
be themselves within their office. Anc 
therein lies a tension. Each of the nine 
Bishops of North Carolina has been 
unique. All have erred. And through 
each, we believe, the Lord has cared 
for his church and equipped his peop) 
for their ministries. 

So don't spend too much time watch- 
ing Bob Estill. Rather, let the ninth 
Bishop of North Carolina give us his 
oversight, his vision, his gifts. They ar 
different. And welcome. 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rector < 
of the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Hill and a regular columnist for The 

Page 2— The Communicant— January 1983 

Proposed 1983 Budgets 

Support for 
Theological Education 

WHEREAS the 67th General Convention 
adopted a resolution establishing as policy that 
each parish and mission of the Diocese shall 
give annually at least 1% of its net disposable 
budgeted income to one or more accredited 
Seminaries of the Episcopal Church, and di- 
rected that each Diocese adopt a procedure by 
January 1, 1984 to implement this policy; 

cese adopts the following procedure: 

1. Each parish and mission of this Diocese 
will send to the Treasurer of the Diocese, on 
or before December 1 of each year, an amount 
equal to at least 1% of its net disposable bud- 
geted income for the preceding year; 2. Each 
parish and mission will indicate which of the 
one or more accredited Seminaries of the Epis- 
copal Church is to receive these funds when 
transmitting them; 3. That the annual 
Diocesan Treasurer's Report include a list of 
these offerings; 4. That each parish and mis- 
sion be encouraged to comply with this policy 
during 1983, and each parish and mission 
shall be required to implement this policy in 

The Diocesan Council 

Central America 

WHEREAS, increase U.S. military involve- 
ment with, and support for, the governments 
of Central America is an issue which needs 
the immediate attention of all Christians in 
North Carolina; and 

WHEREAS, we are concerned that millions of 
tax dollars now being allocated for military 
■ equipment, training, and support of govern- 
ments with questionable human rights policies 
in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras 
might be use to meet human needs; and, 
WHEREAS, we believe the evidence shows 
that the primary thrust of the struggle in Cen- 
tral America is the desire of the people to be 
free of military dictatorships, to have freedom 
from terror for their families, and to have 
enough land and food to sustain them; and, 
WHEREAS, the Church and its workers are 
frequently in danger because of their commit- 
ment to the poor in El Salvador, Guatemala, 
and Honduras;, 

WHEREAS, we are inspired by faith in a God 
who leads people to freedom and human 
fulfillment; and consequently, by our witness 
of the suffering Christian community in Cen- 
tral America as it accompanies the poor in 
search of justice and mercy, we seek to 
deepen our understanding of the Cenral 
American crisis and to accept the oppor- 
tunities for witness which it presents to us; 
WE THEREFORE RESOLVE that the 167th 
Convention of the Diocese of North Carolina 

Church's Program Fund 

Episcopal Maintenance Fund 









Budget '82 Proposed '83 Revised '83 

National Church Program 

Province of Sewanee 

Diocesan Missions Assistance 

Small Church Committee 

Christ the King Center 

Deaf Congregations 

Duke Med. Center Chaplaincy 

N.C. Central University 


Central Piedmont Community College 

UNC-Chapel Hill 

UNC— Greensboro 

N.C. State University 

Duke /Continuing Education Center 

Christian Social Ministries 

Director's Salary 

Director's Housing & Utilities 

Director's Travel 

Program Funds 


Director's Salary 

Director's Housing & Utilities 

Director's Travel 


Press Officer Salary 


Publication of The Communicant 

Youth Program 

Liturgy and Worship 

Christian Education & Training 

Ecumenical Relations 

Committee Expense 

N.C. Council of Churches 

Overseas Mission Committee 

Appalachian Peoples Service Org. 

Conference Center Operations 

Clergy Deployment 

Stewardship Commission 

Commission on Alcoholism 

Evangelism and Renewal 


Support Staff 

Property Maintenance 

Moving Clergy 

Pensions and Social Security 

Miscellaneous Committee Expense 

Contingent Fund 

Repayment of Reserve Fund(Used in 1981) 

t 253,000 









New Item 








^ 19,440 












New Item 

New Item 

New Item 




$ 277,000 



























$ 831,346 $ 943,731 



Budget '82 

Proposed '83 

Diocesan House 

1 Support Staff 

$ 52,400 

$ 53,600 

2 Insurance 



3 Utilities and Maintenance 



4 Telephone and Telegraph 



5 Office Supplies and Postage 



6 Equipment Replacement and Repair 



7 Computer Service 




8 Diocesan Journal Expense 



9 Diocese Expense 



10 Host Expense 



11 Assessment of General Convention 



12 General Convention Deputy Expense 




13 Salary 



14 Housing & Utilities 



15 Travel 



16 Episcopal Assistance 

New Item 


Secretary of the Diocese 

17 Salary 



18 Clerical and Office Expense 




19 Salary 



20 Travel 




21 Workmen's Compensation 



22 Property and Liability/Other Property 



23 Surety Bond 



24 Pensions and Social Security 



25 Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 




26 Standing Committee 



27 Diocesan Council 



28 Commission on Ministry 



29 Convocation Deans 



30 Special Grant 



31 Audit 



32 Contingent Fund 



33 Bishop's Expense, 1982 






Income from Assessments 



Trust Fund Income 



Interest Income 



Other Income 





Quota Income- 1982 Quotas $854,451 
Trust Fund Income 
Church's Program Reserve Income 
Prior Year Surplus 

$ 789,533 

$ 937,731 

$ 882,017 









1. Pray and strive, individually and corporate- 
ly, for an early peace in El Salvador and 
Guatemala, and honor all those who have suf- 
fered and struggled for the creation of a just 
society in Central America, especially Arch- 
bishop Romero, Jean Donovan, Sisters Maura 
Clarke, Ita Ford and Dorth Dazel— all 
murdered by Salvadoran security forces. Also, 
Stanley Rother, Brother Miller, and the dozens 
of priests and religious workers killed in 
Guatemala should be remembered; 

2. Become increasingly informed about peace 
and justice issues in Central America; sponsor 
discussions among adult education programs, 
youth and women's groups to promote an 
understanding of the issues confronting Cen- 
tral America; 

3. Encourage the participation in study and 
support groups in North Carolina, such as the 
Interfaith Task Force on Central America; 

4. Participate in Central America Week, 
March 18-27, 1983, the" purpose of which is to 
promote study, reflection, and action on Cen- 
tral America in commemoration of Arch- 
bishop Romero's assasination; 

5. Urge congregations to take up a special col- 
lection for Central American refugees on Sun- 
day, March 20, 1983. This money may be 



the Foundation approved the following loans? 

Report of the 
Trustees of the Diocese 

The Trustees of the Diocese took the following 

1. Authorized the Vestry of the Church of 
the Advent, Enfield to remove the stained 
glass windows from St. Clement's, Ringwood 
for installation at the Church of the Advent. 

2. Advised the Bishop that the Trustees 
would not object to conveying title to property 
adjoining the Diocesan House in the event a 
valid use for the property was determined. 

3. Advised the Investment Committee that 
the Trustees would not object to a loan of not- 
needed accumulated trust fund income to the 
Diocese to refinance the Conference Center 
construction loan. 

4. Directed that the income from the Butler 
Trust be paid to St. Bartholomew's if St. Bar- 
tholomew's and St. James, Pittsboro have 

5. Directed the Treasurer to transfer funds 
held for the benefit of a former congregation 
in Franklinton to the Episcopal Church Foun- 

6. Directed that the assets of Christ Church, 
Milton, consisting of accumulated principal 
and income amounting to approximately 

$ 10,000 and the proceeds derived from the 
sale of a farm, when sold, held for the benefit 
of Christ Church mission, be turned over to 
the Episcopal Church Foundation. 

7. Leased the parish house and playground 
area of All Saints' Church, Warrenton to the 
Mental Health Program of Vance, Warren, 
Granville and Franklin Counties for a term be- 
ginning July 1, 1982 and ending June 30, 1983 
for $200 per month to defray the cost to the 
mission of the lessee's operation and $200 per 
month in rent. 

8. Received the sum of $ 1,000 from an anon- 
ymous donor to establish a "Mary Harris-Scott 
Evans Scholarship Fund." The income is to be 
paid to the Treasurer of the Diocesan Epis- 
copal Church Women to be used to reduce the 
costs of Episcopal Church Women's confer- 
ences at the Episcopal Conference Center at 
Browns Summit. 

9. Executed a deed conveying a part of Lot 2, 
Hadley-Peoples Manufacturing Company sub- 
division, formerly occupied by St. Mark's 
Church, Siler City, to Brewer Insurance and 
Realty Company for the sum of $5,000. 

10. Approved the form of an agreement with 
the North Carolina National Bank naming the 
bank as management agent under the direc- 
tion of the Diocesan Investment Committee to 
administer the Diocesan trusts. 

A. L. Purrington, Jr. 

Report of the North 
Carolina Episcopal Church 

The North Carolina Episcopal Church Founda- 
tion, Inc. was established in 1955 for the pur- 
pose of aiding in the expansion of the Church 
in the Diocese. Funds are available to parishes 
and missions and to other institutions owned 
by the Diocese for: erection of buildings, ac- 
quisitions of buildings and property, and re- 
pairs, renovations and improvements to ex- 
isting facilities. Low interest rate loans are 
available to parishes and missions up to a 
maximum of $60,000, repayable in ten years. 
For wholly-owned Diocesan institutions the 
maximum limit of loans is $200,000. Grants 
are also available on a limited basis, up to a 
maximum of $5,000 for the same purposes. All 
applications are reviewed on an individual 
basis and decisions based on the needs of the 
applicant and funds available. Currently, the 
interest rate for parishes and institutions is six 
percent and for missions, five percent. 

During the past year, the Board of Directors of 

Church of the Epiphany, 

Rocky Mount 

$ 5,000 

St. Michael's, Raleigh 


St. Ambrose, Raleigh 


Trinity, Scotland Neck 



The Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, N.A. 
serves as fiscal agent and Treasurer. The 
Foundation enjoys a sound financial opera- 
tion. As of October 31, 1982, the face amount 
of loans amounted to $591,350, with a prin- 
cipal balance due of $389,645.68. Total assets 
at market value and their current yield as of 
October 31, 1982 are: 

Assets Yield 

Equivalents $ 325,134.50 9.5% 

Bonds 286,431.02 10.9% 
Balance due 

on loans 389,645.68 4.9% 

$1,001,211.20 8.1% 

The Foundation welcomes inquiries from par- 
ishes, missions and wholly-owned Diocesan 

Linn D. Garibaldi 

Report of the 
Standing Committee 

Following is a pre-convention summary of 
Standing Committee activity from its January- 
November meetings. 

1 . Consented to four Episcopal elections. 

2. Consented to five consecrations. 

3. Advised the Bishop to hold the next Dioc- 
esan Convention on January 27-29, 1983 in 

4. Consented and advised the Bishop to give 
his written consent to: 

(a) the conveyance by Christ Church, Ral- 
eigh of the house located at 124 East Edenton 

(b) the sale by St. Thomas' Church, Reids- 
ville of nine lots in an undeveloped subdivi- 
sion in Rockingham County; 

(c) the sale by All Saints' Church, Sedge- 
field of its Rectory; 

(d| the sale by St. Timothy's Church, Win- 
ston-Salem of its unused Rectory; 

(e) the sale by St. Andrew's Church, 
Greensboro of a vacant lot; 

(f) the execution of an Option Agreement 
by The Thompson Orphanage and Training In- 
stitution granting the right and option to pur- 
chase four separate parcels of land belonging 
to the Institution; 

(g) the encumbrance by St. Ambrose 
Church, Raleigh of a lot and duplex; 

(h) the sale by Christ Church, Raleigh of a 
vacant lot; 

(i) the sale by All Saints' Episcopal 
Church, Greensboro of its Rectory; 

(j) the execution by the Trustees of the Di- 
ocese of a lease of the Parish House and play- 
ground area of All Saints' Church, Warrenton; 

(k) the sale by the Trustees of the Diocese 
of a vacant lot on which formerly stood St. 
Mark's, Siler City; 

(1) the lease by the Trustees of the Diocese 
of St. James' Church Rectory, Kittrell; 

(m) the sale by St. Luke's, Salisbury of its 

5. Declined to give its consent and advised 
the Bishop not to give his consent for the 

Trustees of the Diocese to convey property in 
Siler City without his consideration. 

6. Conducted the canonically required an- 
nual survey of parishes and missions, and took 
appropriate and necessary actions thereon. 

7. Met with following Postulants: Fred 
Thompson, John Shields, Timothy Weikle, 
and Allie Ellington. 

8. Met with and recommended that the fol- 
lowing Postulants be received as Candidates 
for Holy Orders: Keith Brown, William Han- 
way, Geoffrey Hoare, Nancy Pagano, and An- 
toinette Wike. 

9. Met with Pamela Leigh Porter, a minister 
of the Methodist Church, seeking to be ordain- 
ed a Deacon of this church. 

10. Met with and recommended L. Murdock 
Smith and Derek Shows, Candidates for Holy 
Orders, to be ordained Deacons. 

11. Adopted resolutions recognizing the ser- 
vice to the Diocese of Mr. Michael Schenck, 
III and Mrs. Marianne Jacobi. 

12. Acted as a council of advice to the Bishop 
at his request on six occasions and to the Bish- 
op Coadjutor at his request on six occasions. 

13. The officers of the Committee during 
1982 were the Rev. Peter James Lee, Presi- 
dent; Alfred L. Purrington, III, Secretary; 
Willie J. Long, Jr., Representative to the 
Diocesan Council. 

Alfred L. Purrington, III 

Report of the 
Chancellor of the Diocese 

The Chancellor has given opinions and taken 
actions as follows: 

1. That a "communicant in good standing" 
means "all baptized persons who have been 
confirmed by a Bishop of the Episcopal 
Church and who shall have received holy 
communion at least thrice during the 
preceding twelve-month period." 

2. That before recommending a candidate 
for ordination to the Bishop, the Standing 
Committee of the Diocese must receive, 
among other information: 

(a) a certificate from a presbyter of the 
church certifying that the candidate is well- 
qualified to be a deacon; 

(b) a certificate from the minister and 
vestry of the parish concerning the character 
of his life over the past three years; 

(c) The canon requires different 
presbyters to sign certificates referred to in 
sections (a) and jb) above. 

3. Advised the diocesan auditors that I know 
of no loss contingencies asserted against the 

4. That income from the Lewis Alston trust 
under its terms could not be invested in the 
Diocesan Conference Center. 

5. That the rector of a parish is entitled to 
call meetings of the vestry and of the con- 
gregation and, when present, to preside at the 
same. That if, in the opinion of the wardens or 
a majority of the vestry, a meeting would be of 
importance, the warden or three members of 
the vestry may call a meeting. In such case, 
however, the rector shall be notified of the 
time and place of, and shall preside at, the 
called meeting. 

6. Received notice of a proposed conference 
of chancellors to be held November 5-7 at the 
Dubose Center. 

7. That the Trustees established under the 
will of Elsie B. Krebs should account annually 
to the Diocese of North Carolina and to the 
Penick Retirement Home as beneficiaries of 
the trust. 

8. That the voluntary inclusion of the prop- 
erty belonging to the Diocese or any of its par- 
ishes or missions in an historical district or as 
an historical structure represents an encum- 
brance on the property and such voluntary ac- 
tion requires the consent of the Bishop. Such 
consent is not required for districts established 
by governmental authority. 

9. Attended a conference concerning an 

Retired Clergy 
Surviving Spouses 


Number of 





The Fund's two insurance companies enjoyed 
an excellent year. Church Life Insurance Cor- 
poration, administrator of the church's medi- 
cal health plan, undertook in 1982 to tailor 
coverages to fit the needs of specific dioceses 
and, in many cases, added a special prescrip- 
tion drug program that is both money-saving 
and convenient. The Church Insurance Com- 
pany continued to expand its services and 
began the implementation of new comprehen- 
sive policy forms which increase coverages 
available and provide greater options to its in- 
sureds. The two insurance companies again 
paid sizable dividends to the Fund, an impor- 
tant source of the revenue from which bene- 
fits are paid to pensioners. 

The Church Hymnal Corporation continued 
its work on the preparation of a new edition of 
The Hymnal and a new prayer book for the 
sight-impaired and those with arthritic and 
other joint diseases. It has also made progress 
in its plan to publish the French edition of The 
Book of Common Prayer. 

H. Gilliam Nicholson 

amendement of the trust established for the 
upkeep of St. Stephen's church building and 
other purposes, Durham, North Carolina. 

10. Prepared a lease for the rectory of the 
church in Kittrell to Mrs. Rosa Langston. The 
lease, however, was not executed. 

1 1 . Advised that the vestry of All Saints' 
Church, Greensboro was authorized to estab- 
lish an endowment for that church with the 
bequest of Mrs. Alice Walker Dillard. 

12. Prepared a lease of the playground and 
parish hall of All Saints' Church, Warrenton, 
to the Mental Health Program of Vance, War- 
ren, Granville and Franklin Counties for a 
term of one year. 

13. Prepared a deed conveying a part of Lot 2, 
Section 1 , Hadley-Peoples Manufacturing 
Company Subdivision, Siler City, Chatham 
County, North Carolina to Brewer Realty and 
Insurance Company. 

A. L. Purrington, Jr. 

Report of the Committee 
on Constitution and Canons 

The Committee on Constitution and Canons 
has, during the past year, been working in 
close consultation with the Committee on 
Structure and Organization to draft those 
amendments to the Constitution, Canons and 
Rules of Order which would implement the 
proposals of the Committee on Structure and 

These draft amendments will be presented for 
action by the Convention in 1983. They will 
appear as Part III of the Report of the Commit- 
tee on Structure and Organization which is to 
be made available to all delegates prior to the 
pre-Convention meetings of the Convocations. 

Delegates at the Convention who may plan to 
offer amendments substituting for those 
which will be presented by this Committee are 
urged to send copies of their amendments to 
the Chairman of this Committee prior to the 


Other than minor editorial changes in the lan- 
guage of certain Articles and Canons, all the 
amendments which this Committee will pro- 
pose for the Convention action directly reflect 
the substantive proposals to be made by the 
Committee on Structure and Organization. 

The Rev. Huntington Williams 

Report of the 
Church Pension Fund 

Based on annual benefits being paid as of 
August 1, 1982, the annual benefits being paid 
by the Church Pension Fund on a church- 
wide basis during 1982 are as follows: 

Amount of 
Annual Benefit 

$ 92,069 




Report of the 
Diocesan Council 

ince the 1982 Diocesan Convention, the 
Mocesan Council met four times. The follow- 
ig is a summary of these meetings: 

/larch 23, 1982 Meeting at the Conference 
:enter: Re-elected Mr. Michael Schenck, III 
s Treasurer and Registrar of the Diocese and 
ecretary of the Diocesan Council; confirmed 
arious program committee appointments; 
lected members of the Department of 
inance, a member of the Investment Com- 
nittee, the Parish Grant Committee; ap- 
tointed deputies to General Convention as 
lelegates to Synod; adopted amendment to 
'arish Grant Guidelines; accepted the Resolu- 
ion referred to the Council by Convention 
:oncerning predominately Black Colleges, 
leleting the portion for inclusion in the Pro- 
pram Fund Budget of the Diocese; reappointed 
he Commission on Alcoholism and Drug 
Vbuse and received the Resolution referred by 
Convention; referred matter of responsibility 
or cemeteries to the Department of Missions. 

September 23, 1982 Meeting at the Diocesan 
House: Received a report on action taken at 
:he General Convention; approved funding of 
i portrait of Bishop Fraser; adopted a mini- 
mum salary schedule to be effective Janu- 
ary 1, 1983; adopted a proposed Episcopal 
Maintenance budget for 1983 totaling 
$358,749 and a proposed Church's Program 
budget for 1983 totaling $943,731; received 
announcement of Mr. Joseph B. (Dick) Hord, 
[r. as the new Executive Director of the Con- 
ference Center; changed Youth Director posi- 
tion in the 1982 Church's Program Budget to 
Program Director; requested the Department 
of Finance to prepare procedure for im- 
plementing the General Convention's Resolu- 
tion concerning the 1 % giving to the 

November 16, 1982 Meeting at the Diocesan 

Report of the 
Investment Committee 

The trust funds of the Diocese, of which there 
are a large number, are managed in a pooled 
fund by the Trust Department of North Caro- 
lina National Bank which has been the invest- 
ment advisor and manager for a number of 
years. The Diocese Investment Committee has 
instructed our investment manager to invest 
these funds to produce a minimum income 

House: Received a report from the Structure 
and Organization Committee; endorsed in 
principle that this Diocese enter into a Com- 
panion Relationship with an overseas Diocese; 
passed a Resolution to implement the pro- 
cedure for each parish and mission in the 
Diocese to give 1% of its net disposable in- 
come to one or more accredited Seminaries of 
the Episcopal Church; nominated slate of 
nominees for Board of Directors of the Con- 
ference Center; accepted Resolutions of ap- 
preciation to Bishop Fraser and Michael 
Schenck, III, who were attending their last 
Council meeting. 

January 11, 1983 Meeting at the Diocesan 
House: For a report on this meeting of the 
Diocesan Council, please see the January, 1983 
issue of The Communicant. 

Michael Schenck, III 

Report of the Murdoch 
Memorial Society 

The Francis J. Murdoch Memorial Society is 
established by Canon XVII of the Constitution 
and Canons of the Diocese to administer a 
Trust established in 1912 by the late Miss 
Margaret Murdoch of Charleston, S. C, in 
memory of her brother, the Reverend Francis 
Johnstone Murdoch, Rector of St. Luke's, 
Salisbury, N. C, from 1872 until his death in 

The Society was organized for the purpose of 
making loans to Episcopal students enrolled in 
Seminary. The loans are made after considera- 
tion of the financial status and overall need of 
the applicant, whose goal must be ordination 
to the Priesthood of the Episcopal Church. Al- 
though the Trust document does not so spec- 
ify, the Society has limited consideration to 
Seminarians from this Diocese since funds are 
quite limited. The Loans are cancelled upon a 

return of 5% and, over and above that, to 
achieve the maximum total return (current 
yield plus capital appreciation or depreciation) 
consistent with our income objectives and 
conservative fiduciary policies. The pool fund 
consists of both common stocks for capital ap- 
preciation and income growth and long-term 
bonds or short-term fixed income investments 
designed to produce higher returns. 

Listed below is a comparison of the value and 
income on each share of the Diocesan Com- 
mon Trust Account for the last five years as of 
September 30: 






Number of Shares 






Net Annual Income 






Net Income per Share 

$ .84 

$ 1.05 

$ 1.18 

$ 1.37 

$ 1.31 

Market Value per Share 

$ 15.51 

$ 15.73 

$ 16.61 

$ 16.03 

$ 17.14 

Income Yield per Share 






In last year's report we pointed out the fact 
that the income return for the twelve months 
ending September 30, 1982 as well as the yield 
per share might well decline in view of the 
sharp decline in interest rates. Not only did in- 
terest rates decline in the fourth quarter of last 
year, but have been in a general decline 
through the first three quarters of 1982. As a 
result, the net income per share declined $.06 
versus last year's net income per share. The 
income yield per share also declined but the 
market value per share increased nicely over 
last year's market value and thus the ending 
market value per share divided into the in- 
come earned for the year leads to a lower in- 
come yield per share. 

Our investment manager reports to us on a 
calendar-year basis the time-weighted rate of 
return for the pooled fund. As of December, 
1981 the time-weighted rate of return com- 
pounded annually for the past five years 
amounted to 7.2%. This return compares very 
favorably with the market indices and approx- 
imately matches the median manager in the 
A. G. Becker Universe of some 3,500 tax-free 
accounts as well as exceeding the median En- 
dowment and Foundation Index compiled by 
Colonial Consulting Company. 

As of September 30, 1982 the funds supervised 
by the Investment Committee were invested 
as follows: 

Carrying Value 

Market Value 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund: 
Principal Cash 
Revolving Note 
Government Bonds 
Corporate Bonds 
Common Stocks 

Thompson Orphanage: 
Principal Cash 
Revolving Note 
Government Bonds 

$ 73.36 




$ 73.36 





$ 22.82 




$ 22.82 





recipient's ordination to the Dioconate. If a 
person fails to be ordained, the loans become 
payable in five years. 

The income per quarter to the Fund is approx- 
imately $500.00. As of January 1, 1982, our 
balance was about $1,200.00. No loans have 
been made during this calendar year, since we 
have failed to receive any applications which 
could qualify for a grant. Therefore, by 
January 1, 1983, there will be approximately 
$2,000.00 in additional funds. This may be 
somewhat less, depending on interest rates. 

Applicants for loans should first consult their 
Rectors, then make application to the Con- 
vener of the Society, from whom the neces- 
sary forms may be requested. 

Persons interested in contributing to the funds 
of the Society should contact the Treasurer of 
the Diocese. 

The Reverend Hugh A. Whitesell 

Report of the 

Task Force on Aging 

The Task Force on Aging has become visible 
during 1982 as a result of the Workhop on Ag- 
ing held March 24-25 at the Conference Cen- 
ter. Over 50 communicants and priests of the 
Diocese participated in one of the most mean- 
ingful workshops on ministry with older 
adults in the local parish. Models for the local 
parish were demonstrated, highlighted, and 
outlined for the conference. Dr. Emma Lou 
Benignus, an Episcopal Theologian, highlight- 
ed the workshop with her challenging insights 
into the spiritual needs of older adults. 

The emphasis for 1983 will include a fact-find- 
ing trip to Washington, D.C. on February 7-9. 
This trip will be a cooperative venture with 
the Dioceses of Western and Eastern North 
Carolina. The workshop will be led by the 
U. S. Senate and House Aging Committee 
staff, the Episcopal Liaison person in Washing- 
ton, and the Episcopal Society for Ministry on 
Aging, Inc. A general mailing plus a conven- 
tion display will provide detailed information 
on the workshop/bus trip to Washington. 

Finally, the Task Force on Aging will be spon- 
soring an enabling resolution to establish a 
Commission on Aging in the Diocese of North 
Carolina, with members appointed annually at 
the Diocesan Convention. The Task Force 
Committee has been an ad hoc committee for 
the past three years and unanimously agrees 
that now is the time for this change. 

Aging is our future; behold the future now. 

Philip S. Brown 

Report of the Diocesan 
Youth Commission 

Evaluating and expanding Diocesan Youth 
Ministry has been the emphasis of the Dioce- 
san Youth Department since the appointment 
in August of the Reverend Robert R. McGee as 
Volunteer Youth Coordinator. 

While continuing to support the popular Dioc- 
esan-wide retreats, the essence of our new 
Youth Program will focus on supporting 
Youth Ministry at the parish level by pro- 
viding a resource center, trained consultants 
for parish youth programs, and sponsoring 
convocational youth events. 

New opportunities to bring young people to- 
gether on a Diocesan-wide basis are being ex- 
plored as the Youth Department works with 
the long range Planning Committee of the Di- 
ocesan Conference Center. The Youth Depart- 
ment is expanding its support to embrace 
parish-related youth programs such as aco- 
lytes and scouting. This year's Acolytes' Festi- 
val was well supported and a fine representa- 
tion of the interest throughout the Diocese in 
our youth events. 

Edgar Roberts 

Additional youth retreats are being added as 
the Youth Department sponsors "The Hap- 
pening." The Happening is a fun and exciting 
retreat which allows high school students to 
explore their faith journey with their peers. 

Youth Commission members were urged to 
participate in their churches' pre-convention 
Structure and Organization meetings so that 
members could then discuss the affects of the 
reorganization on Youth Ministry. 

The coming year holds much promise for the 
youth of the Diocese as we explore the many 
possible avenues of involvement. 

Robert R. McGee 

Report of the 

Episcopal Churchwomen 

The Episcopal Churchwomen celebrated their 
100th anniversary last April at a memorable 
occasion of the Annual Meeting in Calvery 
Church, Tarboro. There were 324 present. 
Jaquelin Drane Nash of Tarboro, author of the 
centennial history, "The First Hundred 
Years," reviewed the history. 

We have a rich heritage. The continued exis- 
tance of a strong Diocesan organization is no 
mere accident. Renewal of vision is a constant 
gift of the Spirit to the Church, and this com- 
munity of people has, for over a hundred 
years, provided a multitude of ways through 
which its members could love and serve the 
Church, and through the Church, the world. 

Through our program of Retreats and Semi- 
nars we are able to add to the worship and 
study life of many. In January the annual 
Worship Retreat was held. Under the superb 
leadership of Bishop Estill, the 74 Church- 
women experienced deepened insight into 
their spiritual lives, revitalized for the begin- 
ning of the new year. In May was a Leader- 
ship Training Seminar. Dr. Nancy Geyer, the 
leader, is a nationally acclaimed behavioral 
science consultant. This was particularly 
designed for branch presidents and other of- 
ficers. The Annual Seminar was held in Oc- 
tober. This year the leader was Harriet Hayes, 
National Church Committee on Family. This 
was an outstanding three-day event. The 
Working Women's Committee held a Saturday 
Workshop in October at St. Stephen's, Dur- 
ham for all women who cannot attend meet- 
ings during the week. There were 105 in atten- 

An anonymous donor has established a perma- 
nent fund, the "Mary Harris-Scott Evans 
Scholarship Fund," to be used to reduce the 
cost of attending the ECW conferences at the 
Conference Center. It is hoped that this fund 
will be added to by individuals and various 
branches of the ECW so that the women of 
this Diocese can more fully particpate in the 
ECW events with little regard to cost. 

The pledge of $100,000.00 to the Conference 
Center by the Episcopal Churchwomen has 
been paid, plus $575.00. They gave an addi- 
tional $508.00 toward underground wiring 
and lights for the path leading across the little 
bridge. We are thankful for the Conference 
Center and are using and enjoying it. We are 
stockpiling memories there and each time we 
go it becomes more meaningful. 

The ECW is a basic unit for mission and ser- 
vice. This year they gave $131,000.00 to out- 
reach projects, of which $42,900.00 was the 
United Thank Offering. As was reported at the 
Triennial meeting, the ingathering of the Na- 
tional UTO was the largest in its 93-year his- 
tory. The total was $2.5 million. 

The lives that are changed, the despair that 
turns into hope, the poverty that becomes 
economic upswing, the neglected that become 

( ;55j«tiS«S» 

helping hands for fellow countrymen— all are 
realities through the work of the UTO. What 
awesome things can be done when enough 
people, worldwide, care enough. 

Continuing support of our Episcopal institu- 
tions is affirmed in the scholarships given to 
St. Mary's, St. Augustine's, and a similar 
amount given the Episcopal Child Care Ser- 
vice and Penick Home. 

In support of the Migrant Workers $1,000.00 
was sent. There is a continuing fund that is an 
emergency resource. We contribute and distri- 
bute blankets and clothes for the Clothing 

The ECW sends gifts to the missionaries at 
Christmas. We cherish this relationship and 
communication with them. The Epiphany Of- 
fering of $880.00 was sent to the Rev. Mark 
Boesser in Alaska. We support the Church 
Periodical Club, collect vitamins and sheets 
for Haiti, deliver Meals-on-Wheels, work in 
soup kitchens, visit shut-ins, work in food 
banks, have special events for the aging. All of 
these are our privilege and our desire. 

The ECW is an ongoing celebration— a cele- 
bration that has a deep, abiding meaning 
which goes beyond our senses. I mean the joy 
which comes from fellowship. It is a pleasure 
to report to this convention in 1983 that the 
Episcopal Churchwomen of this Diocese are 
going forth into the world learning, listening, 
sharing, serving, and proclaiming the love of 

May Coleman 

Report of the Education 
and Training Committee 

This committee of twenty (20) clergy and lay- 
persons has been very involved in its work all 
year, especially in six areas of responsibility: 

1. Sewanee's Education for Ministry Pro- 
gram—Involvement in this program has ex- 
panded to 166 participants who study under 
mentors thirty-six (36) times a year, plus their 
own required study-time in Sewanee y s four- 
year education for lay ministry. Such increase 
has led us to change our structure and appoint 
Mary Kay Hildebrandt of Greensboro to be 
Program Coordinator, while the Rev. Bill 
Coolidge continues as Mentor Trainer. Many 
of the program participants attended an 

E. F. M. Conference at Browns Summit in 

2. The Summer Adult Conference— Our se- 
cond full conference at Browns Summit. This 
was held in June and Verna Dozier was our 
keynoter; Betsy Savage of Mebane was the co- 
ordinator. The 1983 Conference is now being 
designed under the direction of the Rev. Philip 
Craig. The Rev. Joseph Russell, author of 
"Sharing Our Biblical Story," will be our 

3. Seed Money— The Committee provided 
seed monies and consultant help for several 
new programs and conferences, including one 
for clergy wives, the E. C. W. workshop and a 
design for small churches. We are assisting 
Bishop Estill in plans for a Wardens Con- 
ference in 1983. 

4. Scholarships— The Committee believes in 
encouraging laity to expand their oppor- 
tunities for learning by assisting with scholar- 
ship to approved conferences. Over twenty- 
five (25) persons received scholarship to con- 
ferences at the Conference Center, Kanuga, 
Duke University and to a Province IV event. 
We also provided scholarships and training in 
design skills and organizational development 
for several persons through MATC. The Rev. 
Rod Reinecke, a director of Middle Atlantic 
Training and Consultants, Inc., oversees this 
program and works with Bishop Estill in as- 
signing consultants for vacancy and parish 

5. Curriculum and Church School Needs— 
The Rev. Dan Riggall heads this new emphasis 
which comes out of a data survey we con- 
ducted. His task force is planning a conference 
in this area in 1983. 

6. Resources— The C. E. Newsletter, edited by 

the Rev. Roland Jones, is a quarterly resource 
for sharing information and resource helps. It 
goes to all clergy and key Christian Education 
persons. Education/Liturgy Resources, a retail 
resource center under the direction of 
volunteers in St. Stephen's, Oxford mailed 
books and resources to most congregations of 
the diocese. It also provides book exhibits; and 
oversees the limited audio/visuals which are 
available on a rental basis. 

This Committee has done vital work in this 
diocese and has been called upon to assist 
Christian Educators' needs in the Province. 
The hours, time and labor given by these 20 
individuals is a tremendous gift of their in- 
terest in concern for Christian Education. This 
Diocese is enriched by their ministries. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

Report on the 
Ministry with the Deaf 

It seems like only a short time since our last 
convention, when a canonical change was 
passed that will allow our deaf members to 
vote for the first time in the history of a 
70-year ministry. This year in Durham, dele- 
gates from Ephphatha, Durham/Raleigh and 
St. Athanasius, Burlington will have seat and 
vote upon recommendation of the committee 
on New Congregations. Interpreters will be 
provided for the entire convention and full 
participation is expected. 

Full participation has been the theme of our 
ministry together among the hearing impaired. 
The congregations at St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem and at St. Andrew's, Greensboro decid- 
ed early in the year not to separate into in- 
dependent missions, but to remain members 
of those parishes, with the idea of "main- 
streaming" themselves more into the corpor- 
ate life of each parish. At St. Paul's, deaf mem- 
bers attended the annual meeting and voted 
for parish officers. Through the use of inter- 
preters, various events were opened during 
the year to full participation. In addition to 
regular signed and interpreted services, in 
September, a "Joint" service was held where- 
in the Missioner and The Rev. George Glazier 
simultaneously voiced and signed the entire 
service, again with the deaf people par- 
ticipating fully. 

The most successful event of the year was our 
attempt to "mainstream" three deaf adults 
through our Diocesan Summer Adult Confer- 
ence. Kathleen Crutchfield, Annie Brown and 
Reese Hearne wached with great interest as 
the words of Verna Dozier came through the 
hands of our interpreters. All three joined in 
completely, participating even in the response 
groups and workshops. Most beneficial also 
was the impact on the hearing community, 
who experienced the world of silence in a new 
and exciting way. 

Continuing his work on a part-time, volunteer 
basis, Mr. Paul Kolisch has once again proved 
himself invaluable as he visits families and 
conducts morning and evening prayers in sign 
language in the Raleigh/Durham area. Paul, 
who is also a pilot, has helped BK make a 
number of "fast trips" around the country, 
including a speaking engagement at the con- 
vention of the Diocese of Western Carolina. 

In the coming year, we hope to continue par- 
ticipating in the life of our Diocese at all 
levels. With budget approval pending, we 
hope to expand our work in areas such as Wil- 
son and Southern Pines, where a Deaf Aware- 
ness Day was recently held at Emmanuel 
Church. We also hope that full participation in 
the annual Diocesan convention will bring a 
new level of awareness to the deaf communi- 
ty, and we look forward to it eagerly. 

The Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

Report of the Small Church 

In our second year as a diocesan Committee, 
we are still in a stage of development. But, we 
have been excited by our first year's efforts. 
Much of our work has included consultations 
to congregations around the diocese, especial- 
ly to St. John the Baptist, Wake Forest, and St. 
Matthew's, Kernersville, as they look forward, 
respectively, to expansion and development. 

We have met, formally and informally, with 
regional groups considering future develop- 
ment of new congregations, such as in Char- 
lotte and Greensboro. We are considering a 
regional survey for future needs in one or 
more convocations next year. Dr. Charles Orr 
of Durham is leading a task force to develop 
strategies for our predominantly black congre- 
gations. The Committee has considered and 
approved aid to ten (10) congregations. 

Mae Sherrod of Enfield has led a Task Force 
for Small Church Concerns, encouraging the 
former unorganized missions to assume their 
responsibilities as voting members of Conven- 
tion. This task force has also looked at educa- 
tional opportunities for small churches, en- 
couraging a Wardens' Conference for 1983. 
On its behalf, a Committee member met with 
Small Church educators of Virginia and 
Carolina dioceses to consider, in 1983, a series 
of workshops for clergy and laity of small con- 
gregations, held in five geographical areas. 

We are encouraged by the Structure Commit- 
tee's recommendation for the Convocations 
and the proposed election of a layperson to 
assist the Dean. We feel a missing link in some 
of our Convocations is educational oppor- 
tunities within each region. 

The future of the small churches in our 
diocese looks promising. We see renewed in- 
terest in developing new congregations; in 
strengthening old ones; in experimentation of 
new styles of ministries. Clergy and laity to- 
gether are affirming once again the richness of 
the Faith which is not limited to size. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

Report of the Commission 
on Liturgy and Worship 

January 29-30. In consultation with the 
Bishop, planned and assisted with services 
held during the 166th Annual Convention in 

April 19. The Commission met at the Church 
of the Epiphany, Eden. 

April 27-28. In consultation with the Bishop, 
the President of the Episcopal Churchwomen 
of the Diocese, planned and assisted with the 
Eucharist at the Annual Meeting of the 
Churchwomen at Calvary Church, Tarboro. 

May 8. Assisted with the Lay Reader's Work- 
shop, held at Christ Church, Charlotte, led by 
Fr. John Burke, O. P., of the Word of God In- 
stitute, Washington, D. C. 

May 29. In consultation with the Rector, plan- 
ned and assisted with the consecration of All 
Saints' Church, Charlotte. 

June 20-25. The Commission sponsored and 
conducted the annual Music and Worship 
Camp for Children at the Conference Center, 
with 51 children attending. 

September 5-8. The Chairman attended a por- 
tion of General Convention in New Orleans, 
during debate and vote on the proposed 

October 2. Assisted with the planning of the 
Eucharist for the meeting of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen for working women, held at 
Saint Stephen's Church, Durham. 

October 9. The Commission planned and as- 
sisted with the annual Acolytes' Festival 
Eucharist at the Duke University Chapel, 

October 23. In consultation with a committee 
from the Clergy Association, planned and as- 
sisted with the Eucharist on "Fraser Day" 
honoring Bishop and Mrs. Fraser. 

November 8-11. The Diocese was represented 
at the Annual Meeting of Liturgical and Music 
Commissions at Techny, Illinois. 

In addition to the above, the Commission has 
consulted with clergy and congregations about 
liturgical and musical concerns, and provided 
programs and workshops on liturgy and music 
in local parishes. The Commission has provid- 
ed material to the clergy of the diocese 
concerning the texts to be included in the new 

The Commission stands ready to assist the 
Bishop, clergy and people of the Diocese. 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum 

Report of the Parish Grant 
Program Committee 

A Diocesan Council, in an effort to offset 
federal cutbacks in social services, allocated a 
part of the 1982 Program and Maintenance 
Budgets, five percent of these budgets for par 
ish outreach. The Council directed that these 
funds were to be administered through the 
Parish Grant Program. 

The Parish Grant Program provides seed mon 
ey grants for parishes and missions of the Dio 
cese to initiate outreach programs. These 
grants are administered by the Parish Grant 
Committee under specified guidelines which 
include vestry or mission committee commit- 
ment and community support. 

Although a concerted effort was made by the 
Parish Grant Committee to communicate to 
the parishes and missions of the Diocese the 
availability of these funds, less than one-half 
of the funds committed were utilized, due to 
the limited number of applications for grants 
that were received by the Committee. 

The following grants were distributed in 1982 

1. Good Shepherd Shelter, Church of the 
Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount— $1,000. 

2. Domestic Violence Services of Alamance 
County, Inc., Church of the Holy Comforter, 
Burlington— $3,000. 

3. God's Little Acre, St. Bartholomew's, 

4. Hospice of Iredell County, Holy Trinity, 
Statesville— $3,000. 

5. Family Violence and Rape Crisis Volun- 
teers in Chatham County, Inc., St. Barth- 
olomew's, Pittsboro— $3,000. 

6. The Methodist Episcopal Senior Housing, 
All Saints', Concord— $3,000. 

7. Davidson County Domestic Violence Ser- 
vices Shelter, Grace Church, Lexington— 
$3,000 and $2,000. 

8. Filling in Gaps (FIGS), Christ Church, 
Raleigh— $3,000 and $2,000. 

9. Greensboro Community Soup Kitchen, St 
Francis', Greensboro— $3,000 and $2,000. 
10. Community Soup Kitchen, St. Timothy's, 

The Parish Grant Committee encourages new 
applications for parish and mission outreach 
programs. Application forms for grants may b 
obtained from the Diocesan House. 

Alexander M. Rankin, II 

Report of the Committee on 
St. Mary's Episcopal Chapel 

Services: The annual Homecoming service of 
St. Mary's Episcopal Chapel was held on Oc- 
tober 10, 1982. During 1982 there were two 
weddings in the Chapel— both brides are 
graduates of St. Mary's Country Day School. 
Other services have not been feasible due to 
restoration work. The Committee of Friends o 
St. Mary's Chapel and all associated with St. 
Mary's were delighted to have The Rev. Lex 
Matthews of the North Carolina Episcopal 
Diocese as our minister for the Homecoming 
service. The Rev. Bill Price conducted the ser- 
vice, which was attended by approximately 
100 and followed by "dinner-on-the-grounds 

Financial Activity and Contributions: From 
1967 to 1980, Friends of St. Mary's gave ap- 
proximately $15,000. In 1980, contributions 
slightly exceeded $21,000. In 1981 The Chape 
Fund received from the Diocese the proceeds 
of the sale of land to the St. Mary's Country 
Day School, some years ago, in the amount of 

$5,900. Receipts from a fundraising letter and 
the annual Homecoming service in 1981 were 
approximately $2,500. During 1982, through 
Homecoming Day, receipts were about 

Progress in 1982 and Proposed Goals for 
1983: As approved in October 1981, the work 
on the interior walls has been finished except 
for painting, which is to be done in a final 
phase. At its regular meeting preceding 
Homecoming Day on Saturday, October 9, the 
Committee of Friends of St. Mary's Episcopal 
Chapel received for consideration a prelimi- 
nary drawing of proposed landscaping for The 
Chapel— a portion of work of the long-range 
planning committee. There was agreement to 
increase security by installing a door alarm on 
each door and placing appropriate labels in the 

Of those items listed on the September 1, 1981 
letter from Mr. Isley to Mr. Weeks, the status 
of those under first priority is as follows: 

a. Numbers 1 and 2 have been completed. 

b. For Number 7 an alternate, less expensive 
option will be complete by January 1, 1983. 

c. Numbers 5 and 6 are in process and the 
fixtures will be reviewed on December 2-2, 
1982 at a scheduled meeting of the Committee 
of Friends. 

d. Bids are being sought on Numbers 3, 8 
and 9 for work early in 1983. 

e. Numbers 4 and 10 will be scheduled as 
final items to be completed in the summer of 

All interior work is scheduled to be finished 
by Homecoming in October of 1983. Addi- 
tional funds will be needed to complete items 
of second and third priority. 

Wallace Bacon 

Report of 

the Department of 

Christian Social Ministries 

Christian Social Ministries continues its work 
among the migrant population. We have open- 
ed a second clothing shelter and doubled the 
number of workers from last year. Now there 
are some 75 to 80 workers involved, repre- 
senting 15 parishes in both the Diocese of East 
Carolina and our own. In addition, the Dio- 
cese of East Carolina and the Department of 
Christian Social Ministries of this diocese have 
together hired a migrant outreach worker in 
the person of Neil Boisen, who is fluent in 

Share A Home continues to be an exciting con- 
cept and is now on the verge of opening in 
Burlington and making a beginning in 

High unemployment has caused many pro- 
blems over our country, but it is especially 
amplified in the cities. One response in Wake 
County has been an Episcopal-formed group 
known as FIGS which basically began as a 
funding agency to provide medicine for elder- 
ly persons who have had their monthly pre- 
scriptions reduced due to the cutbacks. FIGS 
also is looking at other needs in Wake County, 
including the possible starting of a free clinic. 
FIGS is chaired by Mr. Ward Purrington. 

The Rev. Arthur Kortheuer, sponsored by 
CSM, heads up a Peace Movement especially 
interested in disarmament, nuclear freeze, and 
our country's involvement in Central 

The Rev. Henry Atkins continues to chair the 
Diocesan Urban Task Force, offering advice 
and consultation throughout the diocese as 
well as sponsoring the second Diocesan Task 
Force Conference, October 29-30, 1982. 

The number of parishes accepting an amount 
equal to five percent of their annual budget to 
help poor people continues to increase. 

The CSM office is especially interested in 
dispute settlement— a program whereby train- 
ed volunteers help settle grievances between 
citizens in lieu of litigation. This program 
helps reduce the court load and provides for 
those who cannot afford an attorney and court 

The CSM office has been actively involved 
with the Aging Task Force, chaired by the 
Rev. Philip Brown. This Task Force put on a 
very effective models workshop for parishes 
and has plans for a legislative seminar in 
Washington, D.C. in 1983. 

CSM is happy to announce the Diocesan Com- 
mission on Alcoholism, chaired by Mrs. Irma 
Hoffman, will receive its own budget in 1983. 

CSM continues to support the Diocesan Hun- 
ger Commission, chaired by Mrs. Nancy 
Craig, actively involved in establishing a net- 
work throughout the diocese to sensitize and 
educate people to the many issues relating to 
why some people continue to be hungry. 

The interest in soup kitchens continues to 
grow. St. Timothy's Wilson has just completed 
an intensive investigation and planning that 
will result in the opening of their soup kitchen 
in early 1983. In addition, the combined Epis- 
copal churches in Greensboro have agreed to 
organize and fund a soup kitchen there which 
will eventually be turned over to the Greens- 
boro Urban Ministry. 

The Diocesan Parish Grant Committee, chair- 
ed by Mr. Alexander Rankin III, still plays a 
vital role in providing start-up monies for vir- 
tually all outreach projects begun within our 
diocese. Enough cannot be said for this in- 
novative fund which has become a sought- 
after model for other dioceses. 

I continue to love and be fascinated by my 
work, and am especially filled with joy at the 
increasing number of people who are more 
and more understanding the difference 
between objects of ministry and subjects of 

Lex S. Mathews 

Report of 

the Board of Directors 

of the Conference Center 

The Conference Center has been operating 
now for over 18 months, and its use has 
grown continuously throughout the period. 

For the year 1982, there have been some 45 
diocesan events, "including clergy conferences, 
diocesan committees, commissions, and task 
forces— Cursillo, among others. 

This past year also saw 51 different parish 
events from 30 parishes around the 
diocese: vestry meetings, picnics, staff re- 
treats, parish weekends, etc. 

Twenty-one conferences were held by other 
churches and denominations: Baptist, Con- 
gregational United Church of Christ, Roman 
Catholic, Presbyterian, and Lutheran. 

Also on the Center's calendar were 45 con- 
ferences by outside groups: state, county, and 
city governments; public and private schools 
and colleges; private industry; hospitals; and 
various other non-profit organizations. 

For comparable periods (May through Decem- 
ber) in 1981 and 1982, there has been an in- 
crease of 26% in bed nights and of 46% in the 
number of meals served. 

We are pleased by this progress and its enthu- 
siastic use throughout the diocese. There is a 
gradual build-up in the occupancy rate of the 
overnight facilities. 

As a new facility, The Conference Center still 
has many needs to serve adequately the peo- 
ple of the diocese. The Buildings, Grounds, 
and Furnishings Committee (Rose Flannagan, 
Chairman) and the Long Range Planning 
Committee (The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, 
Chairman) have prepared lists of recommend- 
ed improvements and additions— from a float 
for the swimming area in the lake, to a 
dormitory-style building for youth. The Board 
urges the parishes to include The Conference 
Center in their annual budgets to assist in 
meeting these needs. 

This past year saw Michael Schenck, III acting 
as interim director after the resignation in 
May of the Center's first director, John Cros- 
by, and while the Search Committee sought a 
replacement. In September the Board accepted 
the recommendation of the Search Committee 
and employed Joseph B. (Dick) Hord, Jr. as Ex- 
ecutive Director, effective October 1, 1982. 

Dick, his wife, Lynda, and their three children 
are moving to Greensboro from Charlotte, 
where he was formerly the Director of Group 
Homes, Episcopal Child Care Serices. He is a 
communicant of St. John's in Charlotte and a 
graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill. 

The other fine members of the staff— Betty 
Brown, Phil Whitacre, and Bob Nord- 
bruch— are continuing their excellent work at 
The Conference Center. 

The progress of the Dicoesan Campaign is . 
good, with payments on the pledges coming in 
well, and the Diocesan Council is hopeful of 
being able to retire the remaining indebted- 
ness on the Center by the end of 1982. 

The Board of Directors is thankful for the co- 
operation and help it has received from so 
many segments of the diocese and from the 
competent staff at the Center. 

Marion G. Follin 

Report on Communications 

As in past years, production of The Communi- 
cant and the Diocesan Journal constituted 
the major work of the Communications Office 
in 1982. The decision to include the Diocesan 
Constitution and Canons as an appendix to 
the 1982 Journal made an already ambitious 
project even more complex, and added signifi- 
cantly to the work load of the office staff 
throughout the spring. Yet the additional 55 
pages of highly technical material did not de- 
lay the production schedule, and permitted 
publication of a combined volume at substan- 
tial savings to the Diocese in printing and dis- 
tribution costs. In addition, the full, updated 
text of both the Constitution and the Canons 
is now stored on magnetic disks making future 
revisions significantly cheaper and quicker. 
The current arrangement enables the diocese 
to enjoy convenient access to current, updated 
versions of both Constitution and Canons 
without incurring additional distribution and 
production costs. 

Publication of The Communicant was compli- 
cated this year by an unexpected and drastic 
increase in postal costs brought about as a di- 
rect result of the Reagan administration's ef- 
forts to cut non-defense items in the federal 
budget. The monthly postal bill for The Com- 
municant jumped 114% in January, to 
$960.42 from its December total of $448. The 
resulting budget crunch forced curtailment of 
the normal 10-issue publishing schedule, and 
required the publication of combined issues in 
February/March and May/June, for a yearly 
total of eight. While the extent of future rate 
increases is uncertain at present, costs are 
expected to continue to rise, making it neces- 
sary to reduce our 1983 publishing schedule to 
nine issues through the publication of a com- 
bined issue for February/March. 

The Communicant continues to enjoy a repu- 
tation for excellence among religious publica- 
tions. For the third year in a row, the paper 
was cited for general excellence in religion 
journalism by the Associated Church Press, 
and won four additional citations for feature 
writing, reader response, newspaper design 
and graphics. In citing The Communicant for 
general excellence, the panel of three judges 
said "this outstanding diocesan newspaper of- 
fers effective writing, fine photo stories, ex- 
cellent graphics and a good use of type masses 
and white space." Judges singled out the 
paper's "vigorous and lively reader response" 
for particular praise, complementing the paper 
for its skill in communicating to its readers the 
message "See how much we appreciate and 
respect what you say." 

In addition to these regularly scheduled pro- 
jects, the in-house production facilities also 
permitted the production of brochures, leaflets 
and other publications at considerable savings 
to various committees and organizations of the 
Diocese, including the Center for Continuing 
Education, the Commission on Liturgy and 
Worship, the Diocesan Youth Commission, 
the Education and Training Committee, the 
Diocesan Business Office and the Episcopal 
Conference Center. 

Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Report on Cursillo 

Cursillo is a Spanish word meaning 'short 
course.' Basically, it is a short course in Chris- 
tian thought, idealism, and faith, focusing on 
how we as Christians may effectively live out 
these concepts in our daily lives. Cursillo 
originated in Majorca, Spain in the 1940's as 
an instrument of renewal within the Roman 
Catholic Communion. Cursillo as a renewal 
movement in the Episcopal Church has been 
growing in the Diocese of North Carolina 
since 1976. Sponsored by the Diocese for both 
clergy and laity, its purpose is to inform and 
strengthen the life of the Christian and con- 
cept of the Christian community. Cursillo is 
parish-oriented. It serves the clergy in the 
pastoral planning of parishes and can be used 
effectively as a tool for renewing the spiritual 
life of their parishioners. The Cursillo Move- 
ment does not propose a new theology, but is 
simply a method through which one's own 
spirituality may be developed, and shared in 
all areas of human life. 

The basic atmosphere of a Cursillo Weekend 
differs greatly from the individual solitude of a 
retreat. Cursillo is an experience in Christian 
living and sharing. In this respect it is a begin- 
ning, not an end in itself. It is ongoing. Cur- 
sillo begins on Thursday evening and ends on 
Sunday evening. During the three days those 
attending live and work together, listening to 
talks given by priests and laity, and worship- 
ing together in liturgy and song. The laity and 
clergy who comprise the "team" spend con- 
siderable time working and praying together 
in preparation for the weekend. The talks cov- 
er such subjects as: Ideal, Grace, Laity in the 
Church, Faith, Piety, Study, Sacraments, 
Obstacles to a life of Grace, Leaders, Christian 
Community in Action, Life in Grace. Each talk 
is followed by a discussion period in small 
groups. During the three days, the teachings 
of Christ are discussed and experienced in a 
living, caring Christian atmosphere. The 
schedule for the three-day activity is in- 
terspersed with worship, singing, discussion, 
prayer, fellowship, and moments of reflection 
and silence. 

In 1982 there have been five Cursillo Week- 
ends in the Diocese of North Carolina. These 
have been held at the Conference Center at 
Browns Summit. Participating in these week- 
ends have been 130 candidates and 200 team 
members. In 1983, there are four Cursillo 
Weekends planned— April 7-10, July 7-10, 
September 8-11, and November 10-13. Each 
will be held at the Conference Center. 

Frank M. Houston, M.D. 

Report of the 
Commission on Ministry 

The past year reflects both change and con- 
tinuity for the Commission on Ministry. It was 
our last year of working with Bishop Fraser as 
he gave Bishop Estill responsibility for the 
men and women in the process toward ordina- 
tion. It was our first full year of having a large 
number of people in the process. It was a time 
we, in collaboration with Bishop Estill, added 
structure to that process. None of the work 
was without history but in all there was 

First the numbers as of December 1. Two Can- 
didates were ordained to the Deaconate this 
year, four Postulants became Candidates, 
three Interns became Postulants, and six ap- 
plicants became Interns. As a result, our total 
numbers are four Candidates, seven Postu- 
lants, and eleven Interns. One applicant fits 
none of the categories because of previous or- 
dination in another denomination. Two Dea- 
cons have been called into the Diocese. We 
are trying to be helpful to them as well as to 
the two ordained there last June. The Commis- 
sion makes an effort to be supportive of all of 
these 27 men and women, an effort that has 
some lacks, but I believe continues to improve 
and has generally been rewarding to us all. 

It is important for all the people in the Diocese 
to remain knowledgeable about the total pro- 
cess that leads toward ordination and par- 
ticularly about the ways it has been modified 
in this Diocese this past year. There are, of 
course, the canons of the church which re- 
quire that the Bishop's decision be supported 
by the Rector and Vestry of the applicant's 
home church as well as by advice from the 
Commission on Ministry and recommendation 

(C<H*T«« IKD) 

of the Standing Committee. For some four 
years this Diocese has expected an Internship 
year at the beginning of the process but excep- 
tions have been made. Also, the Internships 
began whenever appropriate arrangements 
could be made. 

Our new process reviews applicants for accep- 
tance by June to begin a ten-month Internship 
in a parish in September. The Internship is a 
time for vocational testing, and for personal 
growth in spiritual life and in understanding 
the Biblical faith. Decisions about Postulancy 
will be made in the winter for timely applica- 
tion to seminary. Decisions for Candidacy and 
for the Deaconate will be made in the course 
of the three years in the seminary. Following 
seminary, each ordinand is expected to spend 
the next year in the Diocese as a Deacon, and 
remain at least one but no more than two 
years under Diocesan assignment in a continu- 
ing period of training and formation as a 
Priest. The applicant for ordination in this 
Diocese is committing him or herself to a six- 
to seven-year process, a long commitment that 
we believe will strengthen a lifetime ministry. 
The responsibility for this process will be 
shared with Bishop Estill and such others as 
he will appoint. 

We on the Commission have worked hard and 
I very much appreciate the cooperation of the 
members through many long meetings. And 
we have been continually supported by both 
Bishop Fraser and Bishop Estill; I am par- 
ticularly grateful for both of them. 

Marian Smallegan 

Report of the Committee 
for Historic St. John's, 

This has been an eventful year for the colonial 
church of St. John's. The Committee has over- 

seen its care and use with great enthusiasm. 
Over 700 persons visited St. John's during our 
open Sunday visitations from May 30-Octo- 
ber 30 this year. Such interest has led the 
Committee to form a St. John's Guild. Twenty- 
five (25) persons have joined the Guild to 
serve as co-hosts and guides during the sum- 
mer season. 

Our retiring bishop, the Right Reverend 
Thomas A. Fraser, was our guest preacher and 
celebrant at the annual service on the second 
Sunday of October. We also had a candlelight 
carol and lessons service just prior to Christ 
mas. The church was also used by congrega- 
tions from Raleigh and Durham for parish 
outings, and we had two marriages solemniz- 
ed in St. John's. 

We are pleased at the response by the Guild 
members and the growing interest in St. 
John's throughout the diocese. The Committee 
invites you to visit the "mother church," 
especially during the summer season. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

Interim Report 

of the Committee 

on New Congregations 

As of this writing, the Committee on New 
Congregations has received application from 
one mission desiring to be in union with Con- 
vention as a Parish. We have also received ap- 
plications from ten (10) Congregations desiring 
to be admitted in union with Convention as 

The Committee has met once this year to date 
and is in the process of meeting with each Ap- 
plicants' Mission Committee to discuss the 
seriousness of its application. After all ap- 
plicants have been contacted, the Committee 
will meet again to finalize our report. 

The Rev. G. Markis House 

Report of St. Mary's College 

In its 141st year, St. Mary's College continues 
to work toward strengthening our Episcopal 
faith, promoting student development and 
striving for financial stability. 

St. Mary's values its close association with the 
Diocese of North Carolina. The College was 
privileged to have The Right Reverend 
Thomas A. Fraser, Bishop, as its commence- 
ment speaker in May, 1982. Last January at 
the Diocesan convention, the Chorale and En- 
semble proudly presented a special program of 
music. College marshals, flag bearers and 
crucifers have been honored by an invitation 
from The Right Reverend Robert W. Estill to 
assist at his Installation as Bishop. 

The College is operating at full boarding 
capacity and has a total enrollment of 503 
students, 314 in the College and 187 in the 
high school. Geographic and ethnic distribu- 
tion continues strong with students from 24 
states and eight foreign countries. 

Educational opportunities in our liberal arts 
program continue to be outstanding. Thirty- 
three percent of the faculty have earned doc- 
torates, with a significant faculty/student ratio 
of 1 to 13.6. St. Mary's now has a business ad- 
ministration program, with a curriculum de- 
signed to prepare students to compete suc- 
cessfully in the job market or to transfer to 
such programs at senior institutions. 

St. Mary's is the only Episcopal women's col- 
lege in the United States. Ties with the five Di- 
oceses in North and South Carolina continue 
to promote our religious uniqueness. Thirty- 
nine percent of our students are Episcopalians 
and about 240 of our young women live with- 
in the Diocese of North Carolina. Students 
participate weekly in two required chapel ser- 
vices led by the resident Chaplain, The 
Reverend Starke Dillard. In addition, religious 
study is required of all students. 

The College reached a new record in financial 
support of the operating budget in 1981-82, 
with $503,342 being received through gifts to 
the Annual Fund. Contributing most to the in- 
crease over last year's $380,000 was a highly 
successful Alumnae Annual Giving program, 
in which 38.6% of the College's alumnae par- 
ticipated to place St. Mary's in the top 1% of 
all two-year colleges in the United States in 
this category. 

With daily operating costs approaching 
$10,000 and tuition and fees accounting only 
for about 80% of this, the College must work 
diligently to balance its books. 

Support of the 1981-82 operating budget from 
parishes and ECW's in the five dioceses of 
North and South Carolina amounted to 
$29,918, about 6% of the College's operating 
gift income but less than 1% of the operating 
budget. We are pleased, however, to note an 
upswing in sustained church support of the 
operating budget. The additional need for en- 
dowed scholarship aid is of real concern in 
order for us to assist deserving students with 
financial need to attend St. Mary's. 

Support from the Diocese of North Carolina is 
greatly appreciated by St. Mary's. In 1981-82, 
the Diocese, Diocesan Churchwomen, 1 1 par- 
ishes and 12 ECW groups contributed $39,893 
to our work. Of this amount, $30,714 repre- 

sented a Venture in Mission gift to the Diocese 
of North Carolina Scholarship Fund. Gifts to 
the College's $3,120,000 operating budget 
amounted to $9,064, with an additional $115 
being received for endowment. We ask that all 
Episcopalians take a serious look at the impact 
St. Mary's has on our denomination and con- 
sider positive support of a unique church in- 
stitution in their charitable planning. 

John T. Rice 

Report of the Penick Home 

The Penick Home's ministry with older adults 
has been strengthened by the addition of a 
full-time Chaplain, the Reverend Terry Taylor. 
His spiritual leadership has brought pastoral 
oversight to residents, staff, and families alike. 
Mr. Taylor's depth of commitment enhances 
the Home's developing mission to restore, im- 
prove, or at least maintain each resident's per- 

Secondly, the Home has continued to build 
new apartments on demand. The resident 
population has grown to 140 from the 37 
original residents who took up residency in 
1964. During this 19-year period, the building 
and grounds have increased in value by 
$4,000,000, without any debt. The operational 
rates have increased by an average of 5% due 
to careful surveillance by the Administrator 
and the Board of Directors. 

Thirdly, the Home has re-evaluated its waiting 
list in light of the increasing demand for ser- 
vices. A new policy was implemented after 
careful research, which requires all applicants 
to make a $500.00 application donation, if the 
person has the financial resources. As a result, 
the up-to-date list of bona fide future residents 
allows the Home to plan more adequately in 
order to meet their needs on a timely basis. 

Fourthly, the program ministry of the Home 
accepts the challenges of the residents and 
families to be innovative in a wholesome, 
creative fashion. The individual resident be- 
comes paramount in our planning and pro- 
gramming, to say, "you are important, not 
only to God, but to all involved in our unique 

During the year 1982, $80,000+ has been pro- 
vided in free care to residents who lack finan- 
cial resources. Such a benevolent assistance 
program has been made possible through the 
generosity of many parishes and com- / 
municants of the Diocese. 

Our deep prayer of gratitude is continually 
upon our hearts and minds, because so many 
have cared enough to give. 

Praise be to God! 

W. Clary Holt 

Report on Episcopal 
Child Care Services 

Nineteen hundred eighty-two was a year of 
many blessings for Thompson-Episcopal Child 
Care Services, but the gift of our new chapel 
had special significance. The Chapel of the 
Holy Family was consecrated in May. Chil- 
dren on the Charlotte campus soon claimed it 
as their own and often refer to it now as "our 
chapel." This handsome but simple edifice 
daily reminds us of our mission to serve God's 
troubled children. Together with the warmth 
of our chaplain's ministry, we have been 
spiritually sustained this year. 

The past year was a time when public policies 
concerning children were undergoing major 
changes. Fortunately another blessing for us 
was the outpouring of love and support from 
our churches and friends so that federal bud- 
get reductions were cushioned. Also, with the 
aid of dedicated board and staff members, we 
reduced costs wherever possible. Job descrip- 
tions blurred as social workers, child care pro- 
fessionals and administrative personnel to- 
gether took on projects such as painting cot- 
tages. A new spirit of cooperation was felt dur- 
ing a period of adversity. 

With our budget and program somewhat stabi- 
lized we begin 1983 with a sense of new mis- 
sion. We realize that many children with spe- 
cial needs are not receiving help. Because of 
1982's call for budget reductions, we had to 

close one of the cottages in Charlotte. This cot- 
tage is being readied for reopening in the 
spring of 1983 with a focus on preparing 
children without families for adoptive 
placements. Typically these children, ages 
5-12, have experienced many losses and 
changes during their short lives. Such children 
often need a period of special care to heal their 
troubled memories and to realistically shape 
their dreams for a new life and new family 
identity. While preparing older children for 
adoption is not a new role for Thompson, 
designating a cottage for this specific challenge 
affords many opportunities. 

A year of planning and beginnings is foreseen 
for 1983. Our Executive Committee and Board 
has asked staff committees to investigate the 
feasibility of weekend and day-long care for 
children. The basic philosophy would be to 
provide supplemental care for children with 
special needs, but these children would con- 
tinue living at home with their families. Mild- 
ly retarded children are being given special 
consideration. Weekend care could be made 
available to them on a portion of our farm 
property adjoining the Charlotte campus. Such 
a plan would offer unique recreational and 
socialization experiences as they would also 
utilize our chapel, gymnasium and enclosed 
swimming pool. It is believed that such respite 
care would greatly assist the children's 
families as well. Children with other special 
needs are also being considered for different 
types of supplemental care. Our research is in- 
complete, but we anticipate presenting our 
recommendations to the Board and Executive 
Committee during 1983. 

No one can with accuracy forecast the future, 
but with God's guidance we must plan ahead. ' 
Thompson Orphanage was begun nearly 100 
years ago, and today its mission of serving 
children remains an exciting challenge. With 
the help of our friends in the Diocese of North 
Carolina, many new opportunities await us! 

« John Y. Powell 

Report of the Trustees of 
the University of the South 

' 'The best-kept secret of the Episcopal 
Church" is someone's recent description of 
the University of the South, owned and oper- 
ated by the Episcopal dioceses of the south- 
eastern United States, and popularly called 

"The best-kept secret of the Episcopal 
Church" has to be an apt description for this 
institution of higher learning, a school: 

—which successfully fosters academic ex- 
cellence and intellectual growth, moral and 
spiritual awareness, appreciation of, and 
growth in, the arts and amateur athletics, and 
does all this is in an avowed Christian setting 
and atmosphere; 

—whose College of Arts and Sciences is con- 
sidered in academic circles as one of the top 
small colleges in America (Sewanee has 1 ,000 
students and, in proportion to its enrollment, 
has had more Rhodes Scholars than all but one 
other school in the South); 

—whose Seminary provides a significant part 
of the ordained leadership of the Episcopal 
branch of Christ's Church, especially in the 

—whose graduates provide significant leader- 
ship and service in all areas of endeavor in 
communities all over the country; leadership 
and service all out of proportion to their 

—whose college was described in this past 
August's issue of Good Housekeeping as one of 
the 10 places "Southern mothers most prefer 
to send their daughters to college" (and 
women have been students at Sewanee only 
since 1969!); 

—which can boast that 85% of its graduates 
who, in the past 10 years applied for medical 
school, were accepted; 

—whose current Century II $50,000,000 cam- 
paign for endowment had 40% of that amount 
pledged before the campaign's official kick-off 
in October, and is now running ahead of 

—which, by very careful stewardship, has 
operated in the black for the past five years, 
and has, at the same time, fully paid off a large 
past debt; 

—whose Seminary has initiated and continues 
to administer a flourishing, expanding, 
country-wide (and overseas as well) Education 
for Ministry Program for laypersons; 

—which occupies a special place in the higher 
learning spectrum, educating highly motivated 
and capable young men and women for lives 
of service and leadership in business, in the 
professions, in government, and in the artistic 
and scientific communities. 

Sewanee is one of the very finest of our 
Episcopal institutions. We can justly be ex- 
tremely proud of it. 

We members of its owning diocese are invited 
to keep it from being such a well-kept secret, 
and to assist it in its critically important Chris- 
tian mission of higher education. We can do 
this by sending our daughters and sons there, 
by referring other capable and highly moti- 
vated young people to Sewanee, and by pro- 
viding individual, congregational, and dioce- 
san financial support for our own "Oxford of 
the Souths 

William E. Pilcher, III 

Report of Saint 
Augustine's College 

Saint Augustine's College began its 116th 
academic year with an enrollment of 1,573. 

We have been moving in an orderly manner to 
reduce our enrollment from 1,650 to a more 
carefully selected full-time equivalent of about 
1,400 students, both academically better pre- 
pared as well as financially able to pay a larger 
share of the modest charges we make. 

We had the unhappy task of having to say to 
approximately 65 or more students who pre- 
sented themselves for registration and who 
lacked a well-defined plan to meet their finan- 
cial obligation that we simply could not allow 
them to register. It should be noted that nearly 
half of our students come from families with 
incomes of less than $12,000 annually. Most 
of their parents cannot afford to contribute 
much to the cost of their children's education. 

To help our students and to maintain an aca- 
demically strong and viable institution, the 
College launched a $35 million development 
campaign in Feburary, 1982. The Alumni of 
Saint Augustine's have committed themselves 
to raising $2 million of this goal. Funds raised 
will be used to increase the endowment, pro- 
vide scholarship aid, construction and renova- 
tion of buildings and program development. 
Your commitment to this campaign will insure 
that the College will be able to meet future de- 
mands with respect to attracting strong faculty 
members, gifted students and the implementa- 
tion of viable programs that will equip 
matriculants with the skills and background 
that are required in a competitive society. 

We are pleased to announce that we closed 
our 16th consecutive year with a balanced 
budget. The success we have had with stu- 
dents, faculty and staff alike, we owe to the 
steadfast support and encouragement from the 
Diocese of North Carolina, individual parishes 
and friends along with those national, region- 
al, state and local communities and many 
others who have seen fit to assist us. There- 
fore, the College will be depending increasing- 
ly upon the support from the parishes and or- 
ganizations of the Diocese of North Carolina, 
in order for Saint Augustine's College to con- 
tinue to serve the young people of our state, 
nation and the world. 

Prezell R. Robinson 

Standing Committee 

Lay Order (elect one) 
Martha B. Alexander 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Member, Diocesan 
Commission on Ministry; member, Christ 
Church Vestry; President, Christ Church 
ECW; lay reader and chalice administrator; 
delegate to Diocesan Conventions; participant 
in Diocesan and Parish work camps in Haiti 
and Costa Rica; Chairman, Greater Episcopal 
Fellowship of Charlotte. 

Samuel Williamson 

Church of the Holy Family, Chapel Hill. Member 
of the Vestry (two terms; Senior Warden; 
teacher, parish Sunday School; leader, parish 
Adult Forum; delegate to Diocesan Conven- 
tion; member, Committee on the Bishop's Ad- 

Clerical Order (elect two) 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum 

Christ Church, Albemarle. Rector; Assistant 
Secretary of the Convention (since 1970); Di- 
rector, Junior Choir Camp (since 1969); mem- 
ber, Diocesan Commission on Liturgy and 
Worship (since 1969); Chairman, Commission 
on Liturgy and Worship (since 1981); member, 
Small Church Committee; member, Commit- 
tee on Christian Social Ministry. 

The Rev. J. Gary Fulton 

Church of the Holy Family, Chapel Hill. Rector; 
member, Diocesan Council in the Diocese of 
Alabama; Member, Department of Christian 
Education in the Diocese of Alabama; 
Member, Department of Youth Ministry in the 

Diocese of Michigan. 

The Rev. G. Kenneth Grant Henry 

Church of the Holy Comforter, Charlotte. Rector; 
Trustee, University of the South (1978-79); 
member, Diocesan Council (1980-82); mem- 
ber, Commission on Ministry (1980-83). 

The Rev. Robert C.Johnson, Jr. 

St. Luke's Church, Durham. Rector; member, 
Commission on Ministry; Diocesan Ecumeni- 
cal Officer; member, Executive Board of the 
N.C. Council of Churches; Chairman, Dio- 
cesan State of the Church Committee. 

Diocesan Trustee, 

The University of the South 

(elect one) 

The Rev. William E. Pilcher, III 

Galloway Church, Elhin. Vicar; Vice-President, 
N.C. Episcopal Clergy Association; Chairman, 
Department of Overseas Missions; Trustee, 
University of the South; Chairman, Commit- 
tee on Admission of New Parishes. 

The Rev. Willis M. Rosenthal 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Cooleemee. Sup- 
ply clergy. 

The Rev. Nicholson B. White 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. Rector; past 
member, Diocesan Council; past member, 
Commission on Ministry; past member, Youth 
Commission; Present Chairman, Venture in 
Mission and Commission on Stewardship; 
Chairman, Venture in Haiti and member of 
the Diocesan Committee on Overseas Mission. 

Board of Directors 
The Conference Center 

Lay Order (elect three) 
Mary Harris 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Past President, 
Diocesan ECW; member, Diocesan Council; 
ex officio member, Conference Center Board of 

Emmett Sebrell 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Member, Diocesan 
Council; member, Standing Committee. 

Joel Weston, Jr. 

St. Timothy's Church, Winston-Salem. Member, 
Board of Directors of the Conference Center; 
Senior Warden, St. Timothy's vestry. 

Clerical Order (elect four) 

The Rev. Wilson R. Carter 

Grace Church, Lexington. Rector; past member, 
Standing Committee; past member, Diocesan 
Council; member, Commission on Ministry; 
member, Diocesan Consultants Group. 

The Rev. Phillip Craig 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Asheboro. Rector; 
member, Diocesan Council. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

St. Stephen's Church and St. Cyprian's Church, 
Oxford. Rector and priest-in-charge, respec- 
tively; member, Conference Center Board of 
Directors; member, Diocesan Council; 
member, Education and Training Committee; 
, member, Small Church Committee. 

The Rev. I. Mayo Little 

St. Luke's Church, Salisbury. Rector; Dean, 
Southwest Convocation; member, Diocesan 

The Rev. George A. Magoon 

St. James' , Kittrell and St. Matthais', Louisburg. 
Priest-in-Charge; member, Executive Commit- 
tee of North Carolina Episcopal Clergy Associ- 
ation; Spiritual Director, Cursillo Team. 

Board of Directors, 
Penick Home for the Aging 

(elect ten) 

E. E. Carter 

Christ Church, Raleigh. Member, Christ Church 
vestry; Senior Warden; member, Commission 
on Religious Education; member, Commission 
on Every Member Canvass; member, Capitol 
Fund Drive; past member, Board of Directors 
of Penick Home. 

William P. Davis 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. Former 
member, Emmanuel Church vestry; former 
member, Board of Directors of the Penick 
Home; former Chairman of the Expansion 
Committee of the Penick Home. 

Dr. William F. Hollister 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. Former 
member, Emmanuel Church vestry; Junior 
Warden; Senior Warden; former member of 
the Board of Directors of the Penick Home. 

Mary Katavolos 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. President, 
Board of Directors of the Penick Home; Past 
President, Moore Memorial Hospital Auxilia- 
ry; Vice President, Emmanuel ECW. 

The Rev. Peter James Lee 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Rector; Presi- 
dent, Standing Committee; Deputy to General 
Convention; Chairman, Commission on Minis- 
try; member, Diocesan Council (two terms). 

Margaret Motsinger 

Galloway Memorial Church, Elkin. Past Presi- 
dent, Diocesan ECW; member, Diocesan Coun- 
cil; delegate to ECW Triennial; member, Board 
of Directors of Penick Home. 

Francis I. Parker 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Past member, Execu- 
tive Committee of Thompson Children's 
Home; member, Board of Directors of Penick 
Home; member, Christ Church vestry; former 
Secretary, Christ Church vestry; Director of 

Chailes W. Pinckney 

Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro. Member, 
Board of Directors of Penick Home; former 
Treasurer, Church of the Redeemer; member, 
Church of the Redeemer vestry; delegate to Di- 
ocesan Convention. 

Richard E. Thigpen, Jr. 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Chairman, Every 
Member Canvass; member, Christ Church 
vestry; delegate to Diocesan Convention; mem- 
ber, Board of Directors of the Penick Home. 

Paul Wright, Jr. 

St. Stephen's Church, Durham. Senior Warden, 
St. Stephen's vestry; Chairman, St. Stephen's 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order (elect three) 

Rose Flannagan 

The Church of the Holy Innocents, 
Henderson.Current member of the Board of 
Directors of the Episcopal Conference Center; 
past member of the Standing Committee (two 
terms); past member of the Diocesan Council 
(two terms); past-President of the ECW (dio- 
cesan); Deputy to General Convention (1976 

Mary E. Hawkins 

St. Titus' Church, Durham. Delegate to ECW 
Triennial; past member of the Diocesan Coun- 
cil; past member of the Parish Grant Commit- 
tee (three years); past member of the Execu- 
tive Board of the ECW (diocesan); delegate to 
Diocesan Convention (four years); present 
member of Executive Committee for the Unit- 
ed Campus Christian Ministry at North Caro- 
lina Central University; chairman, Every 
Member Canvass (two years); President of 
ECW (three terms); Vestry (two terms). 

Jane R. House 

St. Paul's, Louisburg. Member, Nominating 
Committee for Bishop Coadjutor; member, 
Small Church Committee; member, Cursillio 
Secretariat; trustee, Murdoch Memorial Socie- 
ty; delegate to Diocesan Convention; lay 
reader; newsletter editor; altar guild; ECW; 
Church School teacher. 

John Ward Purrington 

Christ Church, Raleigh. Vestry (three terms); 
Senior Warden (1 term); Chairman, Filling in 

E. Bruce Sigmon 

St. Stephen's Church, Durham. Vestry (three 
years); member of parish Advisory Budget 
Committee; Chairman of parish Planning and 
Finance Committee. 

A. Zachary Smith, III 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Member, Diocesan 
Study Committee on Proportional Representa- 
tion; member, Diocesan Committee on Struc- 
ture and Organization; delegate to Diocesan 
Convention; Parish Treasurer; member, Ves- 
try; Chairman, Every Member Canvass. 

Clerical Order (elect two) 

The. Rev. G. Markis House 

Christ Church, Rocky Mount. Rector; current 
member of Cursillio Secretariat; current mem- 
ber of Board of Directors of the Episcopal 
Home for the Aging; Chairman, Canonical 
Committee on New Congregations; past mem- 
ber of Education and Training Committee. 

The Rev. Carlton O. Morales 

Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro. Rector; 

The Rev. Douglas E. Remer 

Calvary Church, Tarboro. Rector; current 
member of Diocesan Commission on Steward- 
ship; current Chairman of Diocesan Commit- 
tee on Scouting; past member of Commission 
on Ecumenical Relations; Associate Ecu- 
menical Officer of the Diocese; Trustee of the 
Francis J. Murdock Memorial Society; Editor, 
Newsletter of the North Carolina Episcopal 
Clergy Association; member, Bishop's ad hoc 
Committee on Renewal and Evangelism. 

given through the Presiding Bishop's Fund for 
World Relief specifically to aid the one million 
displace Guatemalans who are fleeing the ter- 
rorism of the Guatemalan Army and the one 
half million Salvadorans who are in a similar 

6. Urge communicants to share their views 
with their Congressmen. 

The Diocesan Committee 
on Christian Social Ministries 

A Jubilee Ministry 

WHEREAS the General Convention meeting 
in New Orleans in 1982 resoundingly affirmed 
the concept of the Jubilee Ministry; and 
WHEREAS the economic and spiritual needs 
of urban and rural Americans continue to mul- 
tiply; and 

WHEREAS the funding tor the Jubilee Minis- 
try was allocated only for 1983; 
cese of North Carolina meeting in Convention 
urges the Executive Council of the Episcopal 
Church to make the Jubilee Ministry a high 
priority through strengthening or developing 
structures to implement the nine functions 
contained in the General Convention's en- 
abling resolutions: 

1. Consciousness-raising. 2. Designation of 
Jubilee Centers. 3. Training for ministries. 
4. Identification of resources and establish- 
ment of a human resources bank. 5. Research 
and evaluation. 6. Quarterly publication on 
issues affecting Jubilee Ministry. 7. Evan- 
gelism and congregational development. 
8. Development of a network of structures 
currently serving as advocates on public is- 

sues. 9. Jubilee Ministry grants for mission to 
meet the needs of the poor and oppressed; 

Executive Council strive to allocate sufficient 
financial resources to enable the Jubilee 
Ministry to become a reality in 1984 and 1985. 

Braxton Townsend Jr. 

Termination of Pregnancy 

WHEREAS the 67th General Convention of 
the Episcopal Church resolved the following: 

1. The beginning of new human life, 
because it is a gift of the power of God's 
love for His people, and thereby sacred, 
should not and must not be undertaken 
unadvisedly or lightly but in full accor- 
dance of the understanding for which this 
power to conceive and give birth is bestow- 
ed by God. 

2. Such understanding includes the respon- 
sibility for Christians to limit the size of 
their families and to practice responsible 
birth control. Such means for moral limi- 
tations do no include abortion for conven- 

3. The position of this Church, stated at 
the 62nd General Convention of the Church 
in Seattle in 1967 which declared support 
for "the termination of pregnancy" partic- 
ularly in those cases where "the physical 

or mental health of the mother is threat- 
ened seriously, or where there is sub- 
stantial reason to believe that the child 
would be born badly deformed in mind or 
body, or where the pregnancy has resulted 
from rape or incest" is reaffirmed. Termi- 
nation of pregnancy for these reasons is 

4. In those cases where it is firmly and 
deeply believed by the person or persons 
concerned that pregnancy should be termi- 
nated for causes other than the above, 
members of this Church are urged to seek 
the advice and counsel of a priest of this 

Church, and, where appropriate, penance. 

5. Whenever members of this Church are 
consulted with regard to proposed ter- 
mination of pregnancy, they are to explore 
with the person or persons seeking advice 
and counsel other preferable courses of ac- 

6. The Episcopal Church expresses its un- 
equivocal opposition to any legislation on 
the part of the national or state govern- 
ments which would abridge or deny the 
right of individuals to reach informed de- 
cisions in this matter and to act upon 

AND WHEREAS federal legislation has been 
proposed that would contradict the stated 
policy of The Episcopal Church as set forth in 
the above resolution, 

BE IT RESOLVED that this Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina affirm the resolu- 
tion of the General Convention of the Episco- 
pal Church and to so notify the Honorabl Jesse 
Helms, Senator from the State of North Caro- 
ina, and the Honorable James P. East, Senator 
from the State of North Carolina. 

The Reverend Roland M. Jones 


WHEREAS the 62nd General Convention of 
the Church, meeting in Seattle, Washington on 
September 17-27, 1967, adopted the following 
resolution on Scouting: 

WHEREAS the Scout movement has for 
more than fifty years proved its usefulness 
in the physical, intellectual, moral and 
spiritual training of the boys of America; 

WHEREAS a number of Church bodies, 
including several member Churches of the 
Anglican Communion, officially recom- 
mend and encourage the Scout movement 
in their congregations; 
House of Bishops concurring, that this 
Convention approve and recommend the 
use of the Scout program in the parishes 
and missions of this Church, and be it fur- 

RESOLVED that this Convention hereby 
urges a continued emphasis in this pro- 
gram upon its religious elements, including 
the priority of one's duty to God and neigh- 
bor and of the obligations of worship and 
participation in the Church's sacraments, 
and be it further 

RESOLVED that the Department of 
Christian Education be asked to continue 
to arrange for the circulation of ap- 
propriate informational material on the 
use of this program in our parishes and 
167th Convention of the Diocese of North Car- 
olina approves and encourages the implemen- 
tation of this resolution through the formation 
in this Diocese of a Committee on Scouting, 
such Committee to have the following respon- 

1. to make all parishes and missions of the Di- 
ocese aware of the opportunities afforded 
them through the use of Scouting as a part of 
the ministry of the Church; 

2. to keep the parishes and missions of the Di- 
ocese informed of all changes in the God and 
Country program and to encourage the use of 
that program in Church-sponsored Scout 

3. to encourage the parishes and missions of 
the Diocese to use the Scouting program as a 
resource program for our youth, becoming 
Chartered Partners with the Boy Scouts of 

The Reverend Douglas E. Remer 

functioning for the past two years as an ad hoc 

the 167th Convention of the Diocese of North 
Carolina establish a Commission on Aging of 
12 persons who shall be appointed by the 
Bishop to staggered terms of three years each. 

mission on Aging be charged with planning, 
development, and implementation of a net- 
work to share models of ministry, to identify 
resources, and to highlight issues of aging in 
the Diocese of North Carolina. Such reports to 
be given to the Diocesan Concil at least quar- 
terly and to Diocesan Convention annually. 

The Rev. Philip S. Brown 

Alternatives to Incarceration 

WHEREAS 76% of al admissions to prison in 
North Carolina in 1980 were for nonviolent 

WHEREAS, with 17,400 people in prison 
North Carolina has the second highest in- 
carceration rate in the nation, and one of the 
highest rates in the world; 
WHEREAS the cost of incarceration is $9,500 
per year per person and the cost of construc- 
ting one new prison is $27 million; 
WHEREAS over 95% of those sentenced to 
prison will eventually return to their com- 

WHEREAS there are alternative programs and 
policies being tried in many states across the 

WHEREAS the Citizens Commission on Alter- 
natives to Incarceration, chaired by Judge 
Willis P. Whichard, has carefully considered 
the problem and offered recommendations; 
The Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina at its 
167th Convention endorses: 

1. The efforts of the Citizens Commission on 
Alternatives to Incarceration to promote 
community-based penalties for nonviolent of- 

2. Alternative programs and policies that 
would have an impact on the state's high in- 
carceration rate; 

3. Examining options at every stage of the 
criminal justice system, before trial, at senten- 
cing, and at release; 

4. Reviewing alternatives for prison-bound of- 
fenders before any new prisons are con- 

The Diocesan Committee 
on Christian Social Ministries 

Bilateral Nuclear Freeze 

WHEREAS the 67th General Convention of 
the Episcopal Church at New Orleans "en- 
dorsed as a first step leading to a reduction of 
nuclear weapons a bilateral nuclear freeze and 
urges the President of the United States to pro- 
pose a U.S./Soviet agreement to halt im- 
mediately the testing, production and further 
deployment of all nuclear weapons, missiles 
and delivery systems in a way that can be ver- 
ified on both sides" and encourages Dioceses 
to communicate on a continuing basis within 
their local communities their support for this 

167th Convention of the North Carolina Dio- 
cese recommend to the North Carolina Assem- 
bly and Senate that those bodies endorse the 
above resolution supporting a verifiable 
mutual nuclear weapons freeze. 

Christian Social Ministries 

Commission on Aging 

WHEREAS, older adults are individuals who 
are important in the sight of God; 

WHEREAS, older adults have the right to be 
heard and the need to be included; 

WHEREAS, growing numbers of parishes are 
developing models for ministry with older 

WHEREAS, the Task Force on Aging has been 

For those who suffer 


Peter Keese works among the 
dying— it is part of his job. And a 
difficult job it is. Working with the 
dying— with people who are terrified 
or angry— is traumatic at best. And 
trauma means pain. "But pain can 
produce a whole lot of growth," 
Keese explains. "And that's what I 

The Rev. Peter Keese is an Episcopal 
Chaplain at Duke University Medical 
Center, a post he has held since 1973. 
But his work at Duke is not limited to 
contact with patients. He spend a 
large part of every day sharing his 
insights with students in a graduate 
program called Clinical Pastoral Edu- 
cation (CPE). Duke University recent- 
ly paid tribute to his expertise in that 
field by making Keese Director of the 
entire interdenominational CPE pro- 
gram at the Medical Center. 

"I see my ministry in terms of teach- 
ing," Keese explains. "When I super- 
vise students in CPE, I'm in an in- 
tensely close relationship with a small 
group of people, a support group." 
And that support is what helps his 
students come to terms with the 
difficult burden of pain and trauma 
they meet daily in their work with 
hospital patients. 

Having experienced at first-hand the 
emotional needs of the sick and the 
dying, Keese was intrigued by the 
revolutionary approach of a London 
physician, Dr. Cicely Saunders, who 
treated the emotional and physical 
needs of her dying patients as equal 
in importance to their medical needs. 
Saunders called her idea "Hospice," a 
medieval word for a shelter used by 
travelers on a long or difficult 

Keese had heard of St. Christopher's 
Hospice, Saunders' London clinic, as 
early as 1973. She accepted as pa- 
tients only those people who knew 
they were dying and wished only to 
minimize pain and suffering without 
the use of invasive medical pro- 
cedures or life support systems. "As a 
hospital chaplain, I had worked with 
many people who had been deprived 
of the opportunity to die in peace," 
Keese frankly admits. "But I hadn't 
done anything about it." 

Lex Mathews entered the picture in 
the summer of 1976, according to 
Keese, "with a little money, a big 
idea, and a few people." A friendly 
conversation one evening on Keese 's 
back porch gave birth to what would 
eventually become a statewide move- 
ment under Keese' s able leadership. 
"Early in 1977, four of us attended 
the second national Hospice sympo- 
sium in New Jersey, and came back 
full of enthusiasm. We called a con- 
ference in Chapel Hill, and invited 
everyone we could think of. About 75 
people showed up to hear addresses 
by experts from New Haven, site of 
one of the first Hospice programs in 

One of the guests at a dinner meeting 
which concluded the conference was 
the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, then 
Bishop of North Carolina. Fraser re- 

Photo by John N. Wall, Jr. 

PETER KEESE— whose work in establishing a network of Hospice 
units throughout the state "brought something of the spirit of Mother 
Teresa to North Carolina," according to the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser 

members that his invitation was 
rather unusual: he was asked to at- 
tend only if he promised not to say 

"I had been traveling around the state 
and was dead tired, but I stopped by 
anyway," Fraser recalls. "There were 
quite a few people— many women, 
many of them nurses," says Bishop 
Fraser. And he was surprised both by 
their number and their enthusiasm. 

It didn't take him long to figure out 
why the organizers, had asked him to 
remain inconspicuous. "These were 
people who wanted to be involved in 
starting something like Hospice, but 
who were not sure they wanted to be 
mixed up with the church," Fraser 
explains. In the years since, Fraser 
has heard praise for Hospice from 
Roman Catholic nuns and militant 
non-believers alike; and Keese 's 
success in leading such a diverse 
group of people into a statewide 
partnership is a source of lasting 
pride for the bishop. 

"In developing a Hospice program 
across the state, Peter has brought 
something of the spirit of Mother 
Teresa to North Carolina," Fraser 

Now Keese believes the times 
demand new leadership for the 
network of communities and cities 
which have begun to offer Hospice 
care. Last fall, he announced he 

would resign as President of Hospice 
of North Carolina in January, 1983. 

"I feel I have done about all I can 
do," says Keese about the position he 
has held since the organization's ear- 
liest days. "I have told the story of 
Hospice to each local group that ex- 
pressed interest. I've been able to 
help people get started by encourag- 
ing them to develop a board and 
educate medical professionals in their 
area. That's what I'm good at." 

At least one former executive director 
who worked with him in the early 
days finds herself in full agreement 
with Keese's assessment of his role. 

"If it hadn't been for Peter, we 
wouldn't have been formulating a 
Hospice program for Wake County by 
August of '78," says Kathy Town- 
send, now a full-time nursing student. 
"The nourishment and guidance he 
provided were really supportive of 
local initiative." 

As a nurse, Townsend was particu- 
larly impressed with Keese's ability to 
anticipate the questions that health 
professionals were likely to have 
about Hospice. "Peter's ability as a 
communicator was very, very 
helpful," she believes. "He was able 
to explain to the medical community 
exactly the serices which Hospice 
could provide. Without Peter's intro- 
duction, the state health bureaucracy 
would not have known what we were 
talking about." 

North Carolina's Hospice program 
stands out from others across the 
nation by virtue of its strength and 
the numbers of local care-giving units 
it has established. The Rev. Lex 
Mathews, Director of Christian Social 
Ministries for the Diocese, was a 
member of the state board when 
Keese was elected its president. 
"At that time," recounts Mathews, 
"the ten to fifteen places in the nation 
that had Hospice programs were 
mostly teaching hospitals. Under 
Peter's leadership, we made it avail- 
able to the whole state, to groups and 
communities, whoever was inter- 
ested. That was what was different." 

Keese marvels now at the way Hos- 
pice units sprang up so quickly 
around the state. "We didn't realize 
then how unique this was," says 
Keese, with obvious satisfaction. 

It amuses him to recall how quickly 
the board discarded its orginal plan to 
set up a model Hospice program 
somewhere in central North Carolina. 

"Letters kept coming after the 1977 
meeting— from Charlotte, Wilmington, 
Asheville— saying Help us start a 
Hospice,'" Keese recalls. "If they had 
known how little the wizard was who 
was standing behind the curtain, they 
would not have come asking." 

From its very tentative beginnings, 
Hospice of North Carolina has grown 
into an impressive state organization 
with over 30 affiliated units, 24 of 
which provide Hospice care in the 
patient's own home. 

Its future in North Carolina depends 
in part upon the outcome of legisla- 
tive efforts led by Rep. Bertha Mell 
Holt (D-Alamance) to pass a favorable 
licensing law this year. Passage will 
open the door to the creation of 
residential Hopice facilities. 

Assurance of adequate funding is an- 
other primary concern. Aside from a 
controversial fee-for-services system, 
the only promising source of money 
available to local Hospice administra- 
tors appears to be reimbursement 
under Medicare. 

"We've got to get geared up to report 
the necessary data in order to qualify 
for the money that is legitimately 
ours," says Keese. But he is quick to 
admit that is not what he's good at. 
He'll leave federal regulations and 
licensing requirements to others. 
After five years as the leader of the 
Hospice movement in North Carolina, 
Keese has stepped aside so that other 
leadership can emerge to address the 
concerns facing the organization at 
this new stage in its life. 

Though his presence will not be as 
obvious, his influence will continue to 
be felt. Keese will continue to bring 
the news of Hospice to communities 
across the country in his new position 
as member of the 'organization's na- 
tional board. 

Meanwhile, North Carolina owes a 
debt of gratitude to a man who loves 
to teach and who has taught us a val- 
uable lesson: how to minister to 
those who want only to die in 

The Communicant— January 1983— Pagi 

•■ / 










.1 (J 



- _) 

s < 











The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

74, No. 2 

February/March, 1983 


onvention marks new era 


URH AM— Extensive revision of the 
nons governing the structure and 
ganization of the Episcopal Church 
North Carolina was the principle of 
e 167th Diocesan Convention, 
hich met here January 28-29. 

ie action came in response to rec- 
nmendations contained in a special 
port commissioned last year by the 
56th Convention. Taking their 
arching orders from the highly de- 
iled study released in December by 
ie Committee on Constitution and 
anons, delegates approved the com- 
ex revisions in a calm and business- 
ke fashion. 

s adopted by Convention, the newly 
nvised legislation strengthens the 
>les played by both the Diocesan 
ouncil and the regional Convoca- 
Dns in the actual government of the 
ocese. As a result of Convention's 
;tion, next year's delegates will be 
»ked to play a more active part in 
'eparation of diocesan program and 
ipporting budgets, and the role of 
ie Diocesan Council as the "Conven- 
Dn between Conventions" will be 
gnificantly increased. 

[ore than 400 lay delegates and 
ergy from every one of the 117 
lurches and missions of the Diocese 
.sembled in the Sheraton University 
enter for the annual lVz-day session, 
hich was highlighted by the inau- 
iral address of the ninth Bishop of 
orth Carolina. The Rt. Rev. Robert 
/. Estill was installed as the Dioc- 
>an Bishop in a majestic opening ser- 
ice held Thursday night, January 27, 
i Duke Chapel. 

l his Convention address at the 
pening session Friday morning, Estill 
rged Episcopalians to strengthen 
leir commitment to stewardship, 
/angelism and service. 

he bishop placed particular empha- 
s on the Church's responsibility to 
ie poor. "Retreats must lead us back 
own the mountain into the needs of 
ie multitudes," Estill told the 

Those multitudes today include 
eople in desperate spiritual and 
hysical need right in our own com- 
mnities. They include a world that is 
ungry, poor and, in many places, 

THE PRESIDING BISHOP, John M. Allin, is flanked by Bishop 
Fraser (left) and Bishop Estill (right), in the moments just before the 
service of installation. 




The following Pre-Con vention time schedule reflects some 
of the canonical changes proposed by the Committee on 
Structure and Organization and adopted by the 162th Con- 
vention on January 28, 1983: 

200 days (early June) 
Secretary of the Convention notifies congregations of num- 
ber of lay delegates to elect to Convention, (NOTE: Same 
number as in 1983 unless notified otherwise.) 

1 10 days (early October) 
Lay delegates elected and certified. 

90 days (late October) 
Secretary to publish the names of clerical and lay delegates. 

IS days (mid-November) 
Convocation meetings of delegates for hearings on programs 
and supporting budgets. 

60 days (late November) 
Department of Budgets of Diocesan Council to prepare final 

40 days (mid-December) 
Final date for submission of Nominations and Resolutions. 

10 days (mid-January) 
Convocation meetings to review and consider revised bud- 
gets, resolutions and nominations. 


in service 


On Thursday, January 27, 1983 at 
7:30 p.m. in Duke University Chapel, 
the Rt. Rev. Robert Whitridge Estill 
did not become the ninth bishop of 
North Carolina. 

He had been the diocesan bishop 
since January 1 when, as bishop coad- 
jutor, he automatically succeeded 
Thomas Fraser upon his retirement. 
(So he did not, as many newspaper 
accounts had it, "become" the dioce- 
san bishop on the twenty-seventh.) 

But for the standing-room-only crowd 
in Duke Chapel, the recognition and 
investiture ceremony was a significant 
rite of passage. 

There was plenty of pomp and pur- 

•the Presiding Bishop of the Episco- 
pal Church in the United States, John 
M. Allin, formally invested Estill with 
"all the temporal and spiritual rights 
and responsibilities that pertain to the 

•Thomas Fraser, the retired bishop 
of North Carolina, was present to 
hand over the pastoral staff that sym- 
bolizes those rights and responsi- 

•among those representing other 
churches was Michael McDaniel, 
bishop of the North Carolina 
Lutheran Synod; 

•and there were clergy, crucifers, 
and choristers as far as the eye could 

"Past, Present, and Future" was the 
title of both Estill's sermon and his 
"state of the diocese" talk at the con- 
vention the next morning. He praised 
Fraser for "his long and fruitful 
ministry," which he said was largely 
responsible for "a diocese with such a 
past and with such a present vitality." 

In looking to the future, he mention- 
ed the prayer of St. Francis, "Lord, 
make me an instrument of your 
peace," but expressed the fear that 
unless Christians responded to the 
threat of the nuclear arms race, it 
could become an "anti-prayer: 'Lord, 
make me an instrument of total an- 

He used this, perhaps the most pub- 
licly visible moment of his epis- 
copacy, to tell the congregation, and 
the diocese, that "to think that we 



'I'm okay, it's only a momentary 
attack of corporate guilt." 

Stockholder resolutions top 
Executive Council agenda 

CHARLESTON, S.C.— A stockholder resolu- 
tion against nuclear weapons development 
provoked vigorous debate among members 
of ihe Episcopal Church's Executive Council 
but ended with a two-to-one vote affirming 
the Church's peacemaking role. 

At issue was a proposal— filed by numerous 
other religious groups— that asked AT&T to 
withdraw from its contracts to manage the 
Sandia National Laboratory because that 
facility is the primary United States source 
of nuclear weapons technology. 

Council was asked to instruct its treasurer 
to vote the Church's AT&T shares in favor 
of the resolution. In presenting the re- 
quest, Council member John Cannon of De- 
troit reported that the Church's Social Re- 
sponsibility in Investment panel had rec- 
ommended the step and that the Council's 
own National Mission committee had been 
divided and, therefore, unable to concur. 
Cannon chairs both panels. 

Dean Alan Bartlett of Louisville reminded 
the Council of the General Convention 
mandate to make a peacemaking Church 
and added that he felt such a statement as 
this was a necessary response to that man- 
date and to the "overriding concern of our 
day, nuclear weapons development." 

Bartlett was joined in that view by Dr. 
Charles R. Lawrence, president of the 
House of Deputies and vice president of the 
Council, who averred that "the central 
thrust of that lab is to prepare for war. 
Whatever good work comes out is a by- 
product of that. ' ' 

A motion to table followed Lawrence's re- 
marks, but was defeated and the resolution 

then carried on a 21-10 division. 

In other stockholder action, the Council al- 
so addressed equal employment policies of 
AT&T by instructing the treasurer to vote 
in favor of a resolution requiring the firm 
to provide shareholders with descriptions 
of its policies on hiring, evaluation, promo- 
tion and use of minority businesses. Coun- 
cil member George McGonigle, provost of 
the Episcopal Seminary of the Southwest at 
Austin, Texas, was the only recorded nega- 
tive vote. 

The metals giant, Alcoa, is the subject of a 
resolution that would scrutinize the firm's 
operations in Sao Luis, Brazil. The measure 
asks for a report on environmental impact, 
displacement compensation for natives, 
and jobs programs for local youths. 

The operation of Motorola's South Korean 
facility has been called into question by 
sponsors of a resolution that seeks infor- 
mation on hiring, employment practices, 
government relationships, the role of 
unions, and the firm's support for their 
workers' rights under the restrictive 

Council members unanimously supported 
a move asking J. P. Morgan to prepare a 
report on its loan activities with Chile for 
the past ten years, including categorical 
descriptions of loans, evaluation of their 
effect on the general public and details of 
what sources the bankers used to gain in- 
formation about human rights in Chile. 

A measure requesting IBM's board to for- 
mulate "social, economic and ethical cri- 
teria" for prospective military-related con- 
tracts also won unanimous support from 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580). 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

EOW begins second century 
with annual meeting in April 

fflGHPOINT— The 101st Annual Meeting of 
the Episcopal Churchwomen of the Diocese 
of North Carolina will be held at Holy 
Trinity Episcopal Church, Greensboro on 
April 26-27. 

"We Go Forth Into the World" is the theme 
of the conference, which will feature the 
Rt. Rev. Hunley Elebash, Bishop of the Di- 
ocese of East Carolina, as keynote speaker. 
Also included In the program are Wade 
Barber, Jr., district attorney of Orange and 
Chatham counties, and the Rev. Nick 
White, rector of Emmanuel Church, South- 
ern Pines. 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill will address 
the closing session on Wednesday. 

Carolina dioceses sponsor a special 
legislative workshop on Aging issues 

WASHINGTON, D.C.— Thirty-five lay and 
clergy Episcopalians attended a Workshop 
on Aging in Washington, D.C. on Febru- 
ary 7-8, sponsored by the three North Car- 
olina dioceses. The inspiration for the 
Workshop, which was designed to acquaint 
church people with legislative issues on ag- 
ing, originated with recently formed dioce- 
san Task Forces on Ministry With the Ag- 

Traveling by chartered bus from Asheville, 
others joined along the way from Hender- 
sonville, Tryon, Black Mountain, Shelby, 
Morganton, Gastonia, Charlotte, Winston- 
Salem, Durham, Raleigh and Southern 
Pines. The Reverends Lex Mathews, Phil 
Brown, Jake Viverette and Charles Taylor 
were the Workshop organizers. 

Dr. Arthur S. Flemming, President, Nation ; 
al Council on Aging (and former Secretary 
of Health, Education and Welfare who has 
served four Presidents) was the keynote 
speaker on "Issues on Aging." Other 
speakers included: Reverend William Weil- 
er, head of the Episcopal Church Washing- 
ton Affairs Office; Louise Bracknell, House 
Select Committee on Aging; Kirk Strom- 
berg, Legislative Representative of the 
American Association of Retired Persons; 
and Jacqueline Sunderland, director of the 
NCOA National Center on the Arts and Ag- 

Later the delegates attended hearings of 
the House Ways and Means Committee on 
"Social Security" and visited local con- 
gressmen to present and hear views on leg- 
islative issues especially pertinent to aging 
persons. One delegation from the western 
part of the State also accompanied their re- 
cently elected representative (Jamie Clarke, 
D-llth Dist.) on a special 300-step climb to 
the top of the capitol dome. 

The delegates returned to North Carolina 
armed with copious notes, reams of helpful 
literature, eager and willing to share their 
newly acquired information on aging is- 
sues with their local parishes. 

Students wanted for trip to Haiti 

CHARLOTTE— On June 19 they'll leave for 
Haiti. And for the next two weeks, 15 high 
school students and five adult advisors will 
work closely with the people of Montrouis 
as part of a joint ministry of the Diocese of 
North Carolina and the Diocese of Haiti. 

The program got its start four years ago, 
when a group of 37 young people from the 
Diocese of North Carolina took part in a 
two-week work trip which saw the lnnocu- 
lation of over 800 school children at the 
medical clinic in Montrouis. 

This summer's group will undertake simi- 
lar kinds of work, and also take part in a 
conservation project designed to help com- 
bat Haiti's chronic erosion problem. The 
group will spend 12 days at Montrouis, a 
small oceanf ront town about 1 Vfe hours 
north of Port-au-Prince. 

"We will be living together under new and 
demanding circumstances," explains the 
Rev. Bob Dannals, coordinator of the work 
trip. In addition to taking an active part in 
the Episcopal Church's ministry in Haiti, 
Dannals hopes the students will "learn 
more about themselves, about a new envi- 
ronment, and about their faith." Dannals 
is Assistant to the Rector of Christ Church, 



The experience will be a demanding one 
for students and adult advisors alike, Dai 
nals explains. "Those accepted for this 
work trip will spend a lot of time learninj 
to work as a team before we leave for Hal 
ti, and reading and reflection will also be 
part of the required preparation. ' ' 

Cost for the entire trip will be $600, and 
each student will be required to earn at 
least $200 of that amount through his or 
her own labor. "We believe it is very im- 
portant that participants in this experien 
demonstrate beforehand their willingness jii 
to make a significant contribution to the 
cost of the trip," Dannals says. 

Participation is limited to 15 students en- 
tering grades 9-12, and all applications 
must be received no later than April 1. F 
more information and application forms, 
contact the Rev. Bob Dannals, Christ 
Church, P.O. Box 6214, Charlotte 28207. * 





Northwest Convocation offers 
bed, breakfast and evangelism 





WINSTON-SALEM— The Northwest Convo 
cation will sponsor a "Bed and Breakfast' 
(and lunch) workshop Friday evening anc 
Saturday morning, May 13 and 14, at 
Saint Timothy's Church, Winston-Salem. 
The Very Reverend Robert B. Hall, Execu 
tive Director of the Episcopal Center for 
Evangelism, will conduct two sessions onix 
church growth and renewal. p 

Dean Hall founded the Episcopal Center ft, mt 

Evangelism in 1972. In 1977 he went to 
Oklahoma City as Dean of St. Paul's Cathe 
dral. He has since retired and has return* 
to active leadership of the Center. Dean 
Hall has conducted teaching and preachlr 
missions in 76 dioceses and Is currently 
producing a series of workbooks in the 
field of church growth. 

The "Bed and Breakfast" (and lunch) will 
be provided by Winston-Salem parishion- 
ers. Registration forms are available from 
any parish church in the Northwest Con-' 
vocation. The registration fee is $5 per 





ECW will sponsor an 

Altar Guild Festival this May 

, k 

HIGHPOINT— On Wednesday, May 11, theftrat 
Episcopal Churchwomen will sponsor an 
Altar Guild Festival to be held at Browns 
Summit Conference Center. Highlights of 
the festival will include: 


• a talk by Betty Sturges, co-author of 
The Altar Guild Book and immediate past, 
president of the National Association of D ' 
ocesan Altar Guilds; 


•a demonstation of flower arranging by^ 
Sandra Hynson, head of the Washington 
Cathedral Altar Guild and author of 
Homage Through Flowers; 

•an exhibit of original and unusual 
hangings, vestments, needlepoint, etc. 
from churches within the diocese; 

•and the celebration of the Holy Eucha- T 
rist by the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill. 

The festival will open with registration 
from 9 to 10:30 a.m., and will close at 3:1 
p.m. Registration forms are available fron 
your local branch president or altar guild 
chairperson. Registration deadline: May 1 

Easter telecast to feature 
Episcopal vigil and eucharist 

NEW YORK— The Great Vigil of Easter, a 
video-tape program produced by the Epis- : 
copal Church Center, will be transmitted 
for cable television viewing on Easter Day 
from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. The program fea- 
tures Connecticut Bishop Arthur Walmslq; 
celebrating the Great Vigil and first mass 
of Easter with the rector and congregatior 
of St. Francis Episcopal Church in Stam- 
ford, Connecticut. Episcopalians lnteresl 
in having the program available In their 
area should contact a local cable system a 
once and request that the program be pii ' 
ed up from the satellite (SATCOM 3-R, 
Transponder No. 22) and telecast directly 
at the 1 p.m. (EST) time or recorded for 
later airing. 








Page 2— The Communicant— February/March 1983 

Convention votes to revise canons 


;stitute. Those multitudes press in 
1 us, asking that we do with our 
/es what we say with our lips," Es- 
.1 said, urging his flock to new ef- 
irts in outeach and service. [The full 
xt of Estill's address can be found 
l pages 4 and 5 of this issue.] 

other action during the annual leg- 
lative session, Convention delegates 
jted to: 

establish a Diocesan policy that 
>ks all churches to contribute a mini- 
lum of 1% of their net disposable in- 
line (after paying their full program 
uota) to the support of the 10 ac- 
edited Episcopal seminaries; 

•approve the 1983 Diocesan Pro- 
ram and Maintenance Budgets as 
roposed by the Diocesan Coun- 
1— $358,749 for Episcopal Mainten- 
■ ace (down 10% over 1982), and 
343,731 for Church's Program (up 

•call upon all congregations to ac- 
vely study peace and justice issues 
l Central America and to take up a 
rjecial collection for refugees from 
lat region; 

•seek diocesan involvement in the 
abilee Ministries Program of the Na- 
onal Church; 

•support legislative efforts toward a 
ilateral nuclear arms freeze; oppose 
;gislation limiting individual freedom 
if choice with regard to abortion; 

•call for the establishment of Dioce- 
an Committees on Scouting and 

•support the efforts of the Citizens 
'ommission on Alternatives to Incar- 

confirm Bishop Estill's nomination 
f Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. as Chancel- 
sr of the Diocese, to serve out the 
inexpired term of A. L. Purrington, 
r., who resigned; 

•and approve a special resolution 
lOnoring Purrington for his years of 
ervice to the Diocese. [With the ex- 
eption of canonical legislation, the 
ull text of all resolutions can be 
ound on pages 5 and 6 of this issue, 
long with a complete listing of elec- 
ion results. The full text of all canon- 
:al changes will appear in the 1983 
ournal which will be published later 
his spring.] 

No one could ever wear the ring 
vith the shield of the Diocese of 

North Carolina on it without having a 
sense of history," Estill told delegates 
at the opening session. 

Speaking for the first time as the Di- 
ocesan Bishop, Estill gave delegates 
and clergy alike their first real 
glimpse at the personal concerns 
which will shape his episcopate in the 
years ahead. While commending the 
diocese for its evident health and 
strength, he stressed the importance 
of planning for the challenges of the 
future, citing the need for increased 
emphasis on stewardship, evangelism, 
and service. 

"One of the high points in this Con- 
vention will be the admission of 10 of 
our congregations into union with 
us," Estill said. "It also gladdens my 
heart to see Christ Church, Rocky 
Mount become a parish and to recog- 
nize St. Elizabeth's, King as a newly- 
formed congregation. 

"We have a goodly heritage, a de- 
manding and important present and 
an exciting and challenging future," 
Estill said proudly. He emphasized 
the importance of the local congrega- 
tion "where in worship, education, 
pastoral care, evangelism and service 
you live and serve. 

"I see my primary role as a Bishop as 
being with you in those endeavors in 
your congregations." 

Estill gave his address in the opening 
business session Friday morning, fol- 
lowing brief remarks by Presiding 
Bishop John M. Allin and Duke Uni- 
versity President Terry Sanford. Apart 
from the usual balloting for diocesan 
elections, Convention devoted most of 
its energies to discussion of the 
special report made by the Commit- 
tee on Structure and Organization 
under the direction of Henry M. 
Lewis, chairman. 

Guided by Lewis and the Rev. Hunt- 
ington Williams, Jr., chairman of the 
Committee on Constitution and Can- 
ons, Convention delegates worked 
their way slowly through the 37 
pages of proposed revisions in dioce- 
san structure and organization sum- 
marized in the December issue of The 

Approval of the entire report on Fri- 
day afternoon cleared the way for the 
legislation to receive its required sec- 
ond reading at the Saturday morning 

Following the close of business Friday 
afternoon, delegates assembled for the 
Convention Banquet, at which Mrs. 
Edwin Anderson Penick, wife of the 
sixth Bishop of North Carolina, was 
introduced as the special guest of 
honor. Speaker for the occasion was 
Dr. Frederica Thompsett, Executive 
Director of the Board for Theological 
Education of the Episcopal Church. 

Thompsett challenged her audience to 
reassert their responsibility for theo- 
logical education within the church. 
"Our seminaries are unique among 
Protestant institutions in that they are 
not supported by either our denomi- 
nation or by any strong regional sys- 
tem. Instead, we have relied upon a 
voluntary system which has clearly 
failed," Thompsett said. 

The resulting financial crunch has 
forced the seminaries to "defer not 
only maintenance but creativity as 
well, and we are all the poorer for 
it," she warned. Thompsett chal- 
lenged the delegates to take on the 
task of "restoring, rebuilding and re- 




alistically supporting your schools. 
"We must work toward a new friend- 
ship and an equal partnership be- 
tween the parishes, their dioceses, 
and their schools." 

Following unanimous approval of a 
resolution honoring A. L. Purrington, 
Jr. for his years of "invaluable service 
to his Church" during the last decade 
as Chancellor of the Diocese, Conven- 
tion delegates began their work on 
Saturday morning by quickly adopt- 
ing the 1983 Maintenance and Pro- 
gram budgets as presented by Anne 
Tomlinson, chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Finance of the Diocesan 

The canonical legislation proposed by 
both the Committee on Structure and 
Organization and the Committee on 
Constitution and Canons was present- 
ed for its second reading and approv- 
ed with little further debate. Only 
proposed legislation requiring that 
resolutions submitted less than 40 
days before the opening date of Con- 
vention must receive the support of 
% of the delegates to be considered, 
sparked much in the way of floor de- 
bate. This revision was ultimately ap- 
proved on a roll call vote by orders as 
requested by the Rev. Peter James 

Following final approval of the pro- 
posed canonical legislation, delegates 
rewarded members of the Committee 
on Constitution and Canons with a 
standing ovation, and discharged the 
committee with "sincere appreciation 
for its excellent work." 

The resolution calling for congrega- 
tional support of Episcopal seminaries 
sparked some debate among dele- 
gates, with most of the discussion 
centering on the language of the legis 
lation and the question of enforce- 
ment. In the end, delegates adopted 
the resolution with minor changes. 

Seven other resolutions suffered a 
similar fate, prompting brief debate 
on the convention floor before being 
adopted with minor changes. 
Following reports by several commit- 
tees and individuals, and various res- 
olutions of courtesy, the 167th Dioce- 
san Convention was adjourned. 

The logistical arrangements at the 
167th Diocesan convention gave new 
meaning to the term "standing com- 
mittee." Due to the last minute 
changes by the Sheraton Hotel, alter- 
nates and visitors were stationed one 
floor above the central meeting room 
and had the proceedings of the con- 
vention beamed to them via closed 
circuit TV. & 

Point of Orde 

Among those delegates and 
clergy taking the podium du - 
ing the 167th Convention were 
(from left to right) Henry W. 
Lewis, chairman of the Cor 
mittee on Structure and Organ- 
ization, Anne Tomlinsor 
Chairman of the Department of 
Finance, and the Rev. James 
Gary Gloster, assistant to tl 
Rector at Christ Church, 

The Communicant— February/March 1983— Page 

& Future: 

Bishop EstilVs address to the 
167th Diocesan Convention 

ring with the shield of 
the Diocese of North 
Carolina on it without 
having a sense of his- 
tory. The first enlargement of it prob- 
ably existed on a rude map executed 
by the earliest settlers to the coast of 
North Carolina. It represents two ves- 
sels riding at anchor outside the 
Sound. A single-masted little boat, 
bearing at its prow a man holding an 
uplifted cross in his hand, is making 
towards the shore as if to testify the 
desire of the adventurers for the 
propagation of Christianity in the 
lands they had discovered. 

Sir Walter Raleigh himself gave the 
first gift of money (100 pounds ster- 
ling) for evangelizing America. Soon 
we will celebrate the 400th anniver- 
sary of the baptism of the first child 
born to these settlers, Virginia Dare. 
We have a rich historical legacy in 
this place. 

In preparing this first Annual Address 
as Bishop, I went to the records of 
my eight predecessors. Dr. Lawrence 
London, in his fine biography of Bish- 
op Cheshire, quotes from that 
Bishop's first "annual address" 
(1894), which he opened by 
saying: "I cannot bring into any 
order or method in my own mind, 
much less can I put it into words, the 
feelings which this occasion calls up. 
To no one can it seem stranger than it 
does to myself that I should occupy 
this place, and thus address you from 
the chair of Ravenscroft, of Atkinson, 
and of him so lately taken from us 
(Bishop Lyman)." 

It is interesting that he omitted Levi 
Silliman Ives, who followed Bishop 
Ravenscroft in 1831 and was deposed 

for going into the Roman Catholic 
Church in 1853, after nearly twenty- 
two years of service. 

Portraits of the Bishops of the Diocese 
hang in our Diocesan House and 
when Bishop Fraser's joins them I 
will be literally "surrounded by a 
great cloud of witnesses." I can add 
the names of Edwin Penick, Richard 
Baker and Thomas Fraser to the 
chairs referred to by Bishop Cheshire, 
along with Suffragans Moore and 

Unless we plan for 
the future, the 
future will plan for 
us. In order to do 
our Lord's work 
and to utilize the 
gifts and talents He 
has given us, we 
must set plans and 
dream dreams and 
see visions. Without 
such vision, "the 
people perish." 

It is good to feel oneself a part of 
history and I am eager for all of us to 
benefit from it. With Bishop Fraser's 
retirement the matter of archives 
came before us. While the records 
and papers of most of our former 
Bishops are preserved in the Southern 
Historical Collection's Archives in 

Chapel Hill, our own archives have 
been sadly neglected and the space 
for records in the basement of Dioce- 
san House is badly used. I am calling 
on the Diocesan Council to consider 
the proposals made by a trained 
archivist who assisted Bishop Fraser 
with his papers and to act to bring 
our archives up to the kinds of 
standards they deserve. This will cost 
some money and may necessitate a 
full-time archivist for a time, but in 
my opinion it is not only worth it, it 
is an obligation that we must fulfill. 
Our Structure and Organization Re- 
port has more to say on this, and a 
structural plan to implement it. 

ture and Organization 
Committee has occupied 
a great deal of my time 
for the past two and a 
half years. I am sure you join me in 
expressing gratitude to Henry Lewis 
of Chapel Hill, who chaired this im- 
portant work. So too, Margaret Wiley, 
Dorothy Manning, John Campbell, 
Zachery Smith, and Michael Schenck 
worked long and hard. Arthur Callo- 
way was an original member but un- 
able to participate except in receiving 
the work as it progressed. Bishop Fra- 
ser called the Committee into exis- 
tence and attended most of the meet- 
ings for the first year. Much of our 
energy and interest will be taken by 
these proposals at this Convention. 
The thing that excites me most about 
the Report is that it seeks to involve 
more of us in the actual work of the 

It broadens the responsibility and en- 
larges the scope of the Convention, 
the Council and the members of our 
Diocesan family. It strengthens the 
congregations and Institutions and 
sharpens the functions of diocesan 
bodies. I am grateful to Hunt Wil- 
liams and the members of the Com- 
mittee on Constitution and Canons 
who have worked closely with this 
and have concurred with the 
revisions which will be required. As 
the Committee Report states, "... we 

present our report . . . with the 
conviction that the changes we 
advocate can strengthen the Church 
for its tasks in the coming years." 

You will have read the Reports of 
other Commissions and Committees 
as they appeared in The Communicant. 
I want to emphasize the work of two 
of those Commissions which have a 
high priority with me as I begin my 
service as Diocesan. The first is our 
Commission on Stewardship. The 
Rev. Dr. Glenn Busch of High Point 
and his members have laid the 
ground-work for a Diocesan emphasis 
on this vital part of our Christian life. 
While he will be speaking on this is- 
sue, I want to call on every member 
of this Diocese to consider steward- 
ship in its broadest sense. We plan a 
conference on this with the Rev. 
Thomas Carson from our National 
Church and we plan to make Stew- 
ardship Education available to every 
congregation in this coming year. This 
will be one of the most important 
tasks of our new Program Director 
when we find one. 

My second point of emphasis has to 
do with our task force on Evangelism 
and Renewal. The Rev. William 
Mclnnis of Scotland Neck and his 
Committee are hard at work on this. I 
am delighted over the enthusiasm and 
interest shown in Diocesan Retreats, 
the Cursillo Movement, Marriage En- 
counter, and Faith Alive Weekends. 
And our young people will soon have 
a "Happening" to attend. We need to 
take seriously the commission to 
"preach the gospel to all nations" and 
evangelism, like stewardship, is just 
another word describing the actions 
of Christians. As I have already dem- 
onstrated, I plan to have an Annual 
Retreat with the clergy as well as 
with the women and men and young 
people. Our splendid Conference 
Center is a perfect setting for such 
"times apart." Still, these "retreats" 
must lead us back down the moun- 
tain into the needs of the multitudes. 
Those "multitudes" today include 
people in desperate spiritual and 
physical need right in our own com- 
munities. They include a world that is 
hungry, poor and, in many places, 

Page 4— The Communicant— February/March 1983 

destitute. Those multitudes press on 
us, asking that we do with our lives 
what we say with our lips. Our 
Diocesan Parish Grant Committee 
stands ready with funds to aid those 
congregations which need seed 
money for programs of outreach and 
service. The Rev. Lex Mathews will 
have more to say about this. I hope 
you will read the report of the Parish 
Grant Committee printed in The 

"Retreats" must 
lead us back down 
the mountain into 
the needs of the 
multitudes. Those 
"multitudes" today 
include people in 
desperate spiritual 
and physical need 
right in our own 
communities. They 
include a world 
that is hungry, poor 
and, in many places, 
destitute. Those 
multitudes press on 
us, asking that we 
do with our lives 
what we say with 
our lips. 

So it is that evangelism demands 
service. I hope to expand our Chris- 
tian Social Ministries which many of 
you are already carrying out. That 
takes place right where we are and it 
goes, as Jesus said it would, "even to 
the ends of the earth." The fine work 
The Thompson Home and Orphanage 
is performing on the one end of 
human need and the equally fine 
work of the Penick Home on the 
other continue to deserve our whole- 
hearted support, involvement and 
encouragement. Both need to expand 
to meet the ever-increasing needs. 
The Rev. Nick White of Southern 
Pines and our Overseas Committee 

are, with my hearty approval and 
support, continuing the work we have 
been doing in Haiti. We are also, with 
the encouragement of the Council, ex- 
ploring a "Companion Relationship" 
with another Diocese overseas. We 
will stay in close touch with the 
Council on this and an announcement 
of our choice (and theirs of us!) will 
come soon. This relationship will be 
similar to the one we enjoyed with 
Panama and is another avenue of 
service and evangelism. 

call for education too. I 
am particularly interest- 
ed in deepening this Di- 
ocese's involvement with 
St. Augustine's College and St. Mary's 
College. Both are unique institutions 
and they deserve our whole-hearted 
support and interest. If there are 
ways I can increase our assistance to 
them in the work of education they 
are performing, I pledge that support 
during my time as Bishop. I am vital- 
ly concerned with continuing educa- 
tion for our clergy and their families 
and plan to continue making funds 
available for that and using our local 
resources as well. The Rev. Dr. John 
Westerhoff and The Rev. Dr. Robert 
Gregg are now members of our clergy 
family and they serve on the faculty 
of The Divinity School at Duke. 
They, along with The Rev. Dr. Frank- 
lin Young and The Rev. Dr. Harmon 
Smith give us a wealth of talent and I 
plan to use them as much as they will 
let me. Dean Dennis Campbell of The 
Divinity School and I have been in 
conversations as he begins his Dean- 
ship and I am excited over the possi- 
bilities that are there. I will have 
more to say later in this Convention 
about our support of our own semin- 
aries. As many of you know, I am 
equally committed to lay continuing 
education. As the new Prayer Book 
makes clear, "the ministers of the 
church are lay persons, bishops, 
priests, and deacons." And it states 
that the ministry of lay persons is "to 
represent Christ and his Church; to 
bear witness to him wherever they 
may be; and, according to the gifts 
given them, to carry on Christ's work 
of reconciliation in the world; and to 
take their place in the world; and to 
take their place in the life, worship 
and governance of the church." 

We simply must provide regular and 
adequate education for that ministry 

just as we do for those of us who are 
ordained. I am looking to The Rev. 
Taylor Scott, our Diocesan Continuing 
Education Officer, for help in this. 

Another part of the ministry of the 
Church we have not had in this Dio- 
cese is the Permanent Diaconate— I 
am working with our Commission on 
Ministry on this and already we have 
several serious aspirants waiting for 
us to develop that program. This is 
being done in a number of dioceses 
including the Roman Catholic Diocese 
of Charlotte and I plan to have our 
program ready in the next year. It 
excites me to think of reopening this 
ministry to women and men who are 
called, "to represent Christ and his 
Church, particularly as a servant of 
those in need; and to assist bishops 
and priests in the proclamation of the 
Gospel and the administration of the 
sacraments." [Book of Common Prayer, 
p. 856): 

I want to call on 
every member of 
this Diocese to con* 
sider stewardship in 
its broadest sense. 
We plan a confer- 
ence on this with 
the Rev. Thomas 
Carson from our 
National Church 
and we plan to 
make Stewardship 
Education available 
to every congrega- 
tion in the 
coming year. 

One of the most important new 
Commissions I will appoint at this 
Convention is one I have called 
"North Carolina 2000." This is a long- 
range planning commission to help us 
set our goals and to arrive at them by 
the year 2000. The Rev. Dudley Col- 
•houn of Winston-Salem has agreed to 
head this Commission and I look 
forward to working with them as 
they begin their work. Unless we 

Resolutions and election results 

The following resolutions were passed at 
the 167th Annual Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina in January. 

Resolution on Support 
for Theological Education 

WHEREAS the 67th General 
Convention adopted a resolution 
establishing as policy that each parish 
and mission of the Diocese shall give 
annually at least 1% of its net 
disposable budgeted income to one or 
more accredited Seminaries of the 
Episcopal Church, and directed that 
each Diocese adopt a procedure by 
January 1, 1984 to implement this 

this Diocese adopts the following 

Each parish and mission of this 
Diocese, having accepted its full 
quota to the Church's Program Fund, 
will send to the Treasurer, of the 
Diocese, on or before December 1 of 
each year, an amount equal to at least 
1% of its net disposable budgeted 
income (Parochial Report line item E 
less line item #1754) for the preceding 

Each parish and mission will be en- 
couraged to have an annual offering 
for Theological Education and will in- 
dicate which of the one or more ac- 
credited Seminaries of the Episcopal 
Church is to receive these funds 
when transmitting them; 

That the annual Diocesan Treasurer's 
Report include a list of these offer- 
ings, and the percentages given; 

That each parish and mission be 
encouraged to comply with this policy 
during 1983, and each parish and 
mission shall be required to imple- 
ment this policy in 1984. 

Resolution regarding 
Commission on Aging 

WHEREAS older adults are in- 
dividuals who are important in the 
sight of God; 

WHEREAS older adults have the right 
to be heard and the need to be in- 

WHEREAS growing numbers of par- 
ishes are developing models for min- 
istry with older adults; 

plan for the future, the future will 
plan for us. In order to do our Lord's 
work and to utilize the gifts and tal- 
ents He has given us, we must set 
plans and dream dreams and see vis- 
ions. Without such vision, "the 
people perish. " 

future I am thrilled and ex- 
cited to be a part of this 
great Diocese and I hope 
you are too. We have a 
goodly heritage, a demanding and 
important present and an exciting and 
challenging future. Of course the ac- 
tion and the most vital life is with 
you in our congregations where in 
worship, education, pastoral care, 
evangelism, and service you live and 
serve. As I have said many times, I 
see my primary role as a Bishop as 
being with you in those endeavors in 
your congregations. One of the high 
points in this Convention will be the 
admission of ten of our congregations 
into union with us. It also gladdens 
my heart to see Christ Church, Rocky 
Mount become a parish and to note 
St. Elizabeth's, King as a newly- 
formed congregation. Plans are under 
way in Charlotte for at least two new 
congregations and hopefully another 
will form in Greensboro before our 
next Convention. At least one of these 
new congregations will be predomi- 
nately black since we are planning to 
open it in a black neighborhood in 
Charlotte. I hope to increase the num- 
ber of black clergy and to plan for the 
expansion of our work in our eleven 
black congregations. Of course all of 
our congregations are open to all 
persons but a number of our 
churches are predominately black and 
prefer to be that way. We need an- 
other black congregation with a full- 
time priest in our largest city, 

How glad I am to be opening places 
rather than closing them! 

We are united in something bigger 
than our congregations. We are 
united in our Diocese and in our 
National Church and united beyond 
that with all our brothers and sisters 
in Christ. Indeed, we are surrounded 
on every side by a great cloud of wit- 
nesses. One of those stood in that lit- 
tle boat long ago holding an uplifted 
cross in his hand. We thank God for 
him and for calling each of us here to 
this goodly land. 

WHEREAS the Task Force on Aging 
has been functioning for the past two 
years as an ad hoc committee; 

SOLVED that the 167th Convention 
of the Diocese of North Carolina 
establish a Commission on Aging of 
12 persons who shall be appointed by 
the Bishop to staggered terms of three 
years each. 

this Commission on Aging be charged 
with Diocesan planning, develop- 
ment, and implementation of a 
network to share models of ministry, 
to identify resources, to highlight 
issues of aging in the Diocese of 
North Carolina, and in consultation 
with the Diocesan Council prepare 


The Communicant— February/March 1983— Pagf 5 

• < 


for presentation to the next Diocesan 
Convention recommendations for the 
future work of ministry to the aging 
in the Diocese. 

Central American 
Peacemaking Resolution 

WHEREAS increased U.S. military 
involvement with, and support for, 
the governments of Central America 
is an issue which merits the contin- 
ued attention of all Christians; and 

WHEREAS we believe that millions 
of U.S. tax dollars reportedly now be- 
ing allocated for military equipment, 
training, and support of governments 
with questionable human rights poli- 
cies in El Salvador, Guatemala, and 
Honduras could better be used to 
meet human needs; and 

WHEREAS we believe the evidence 
shows that the primary thrusts of the 
struggle in Central America are the 
desire of peoples to be free of military 
dictatorships, to have freedom from 
terror for their families, and to have 
enough land and food to sustain 
them; and 

WHEREAS the Church and its work- 
ers are frequently in danger because 
of their commitment to the poor in El 
Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras; 

the 167th Convention of the Diocese 
of North Carolina encourages the con- 
gregations of the Diocese to: 

1. Pray and strive for an early peace 
in El Salvador and Guatemala; 

2. Become increasingly informed 
about peace and justice issues in Cen- 
tral America; sponsor discussions in 
adult and youth education programs 
in order to promote an understanding 
of the issues confronting Central 

3. Participate in study and support 
groups in North Carolina (for further 
information on such groups, contact 
the Carolina Interfaith Task Force on 
Central America (CITCA), 1105 Sap- 
ling Place, Raleigh, NC 27609); 

4. Participate in Central America 
Week, March 18-27, 1983; 

5. Urge congregations to take up a 
special collection for Central Ameri- 
can refugees, which may be channel- 
ed through the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief; 

6. Have communicants share their 
views with members of Congress. 

Resolution on Scouting 

WHEREAS the 62nd General Conven- 
tion of the Church, meeting in Seattle, 
Washington on September 17-27, 
1967, adopted the following resolution 
on Scouting: 

WHEREAS the Scout movement 
has for more than fifty years prov- 
ed its usefulness in the physical, 
intellectual, moral and spiritual 
training of the boys of America; 

WHEREAS a number of Church 
bodies, including several member 
Churches of the Anglican Com- 
munion, officially recommend and 
encourage the Scout movement in 
their congregations; 
the House of Bishops concurring, 
that this Convention approve and 
recommend the use of the Scout 
program in the parishes and mis- 
sions of this Church, and be it fur- 

RESOLVED that this Convention 
hereby urges a continued emphasis 
in this program upon its religious 
elements, including the priority of 
one's duty to God and neighbor 
and of the obligations of worship 
and participation in the Church's 
sacraments, and be it further 
RESOLVED that the Department 
of Christian Education be asked to 
continue to arrange for the circula- 
tion of appropriate informational 
material on the use of this pro- 
gram in our parishes and missions; 
this 167th Convention of the Diocese 
of North Carolina approves and en- 
courages the implementation of this 
resolution through the formation in 
this Diocese of a Committee on Scout- 
ing, such Committee to have the fol- 
lowing responsibilities: 

1. to make all parishes and missions 
of the Diocese aware of the opportun- 
ities afforded them through the use of 
Scouting as a part of the ministry of 
the Church; 

2. to keep the parishes and missions 
of the Diocese informed of all 
changes in the God and Country pro- 
gram and to encourage the use of that 
program in Church-sponsored Scout 

3. to encourage the parishes and mis- 
sions of the Diocese to use the Scout- 
ing program as a resource program 
for our youth, becoming Chartered 
Partners with the Boy Scouts of 

Resolution re: 

A Jubilee Ministry 

WHEREAS the General Convention 
meeting in New Orleans in 1982 re- 
soundingly affirmed the concept of 
the Jubilee Ministry; and 

WHEREAS the economic and spirit- 
ual needs of urban and rural Ameri- 
cans continue to multiply; and 

WHEREAS the funding for the Jubi- 
lee Ministry was allocated only for 

the Diocese of North Carolina, meet- 
ing in Convention, gives the Jubilee 
Ministry a high priority and purposes 
to implement in the Diocese the nine 
functions contained in the General 
Convention's enabling resolutions: 

1. Consciousness-raising. 2. Designa : 
tion of Jubilee Centers. 3. Training for 
ministries for the poor and needy. 
4. Identification of resources and es- 
tablishment of a human resources 
bank. 5. Research and evaluation. 
6. Quarterly publication on issues af- 
fecting Jubilee Ministry. 7. Evan- 
gelism and congregational develop- 
ment. 8. Development of a network 
of structures currently serving as ad- 
vocates on public issues. 9. Jubilee 
Ministry grants for mission to meet 
the needs of the poor and the op- 

declared support for the "termination jj 
of pregnancy ' particularly in those 
cases where "the physical or mental 
health of the mother is threatened 
seriously, or where there is substan- 
tial reason to believe that the child 
would be born badly deformed in 
mind or body, or where the pregnan- 
cy has resulted from rape or incest" n 
reaffirmed. Termination of pregnancy 
for these reasons is permissible. 



4. In those cases where it is firmly 
and deeply believed by the person or. 
persons concerned that pregnancy 
should be terminated for causes other 
than the above, members of this 
Church are urged to seek the advice 
and counsel of a priest of this 
Church, and, where appropriate, 

5. Whenever members of this Church- J^ 
are consulted with regard to proposea 
termination of pregnancy, they are to 
explore with the person or persons 
seeking advice and counsel other prep a 
erable courses of action. 

I id 

6. The Episcopal Church expresses its ^ 
unequivocal opposition to any legisla- 
tion on the part of the national or 
state governments which would 
abridge or deny the right of indi- 
viduals to reach informed decisions ir, 
this matter and to act upon them. 

AND WHEREAS Federal legislation 
has been proposed which might con- 








WHEREAS 76% of all admissions to 
prison in North Carolina in 1980 were 
for nonviolent crimes; 

WHEREAS, with 17,400 people in 
prison, North Carolina has the 
second-highest incarceration rate in 
the nation and one of the highest 
rates in the world; 

WHEREAS the cost of incarceration is 
$9,500 per year per person and the 
cost of constructing one new prison is 
$27 million; 

WHEREAS over 95% of those sen- 
tenced to prison will eventually re- 
turn to their communities; 

WHEREAS there are alternative pro- 
grams and policies being tried in 
many states across the country; 

WHEREAS the Citizens Commission 
on Alternatives to Incarceration, 
chaired by Judge Willis P. Whichard, 
has carefully considered the problem 
and offered recommendation; 

the Episcopal Diocese of North Car- 
olina, at its 167th Convention, en- 
dorses the efforts of the Citizens 
Commission on Alternatives to Incar- 
ceration to promote community-based 
penalties for non-violent offenders, 
and supports alternative programs 
and policies that would have an im- 
pact on the State's high incarceration 
rate, such as examining options at 
every stage of the criminal justice sys- 
tem: before trial, at sentencing, and 
at release, reviewing alternatives for 
prison-bound offenders before any 
new prisons are constructed; and 
urges the North Carolina Legislature 
to pass appropriate legislation to im- 
plement the programs and policies of 
this Commission. 

that the Diocese of North Carolina en- 
courage the Executive Council to allo- 
cate sufficient financial resources to 
enable the Jubilee Ministry to become 
a reality in this and other dioceses in 
1984 and 1985. 

Resolution regarding 
Termination of Pregnancy 

WHEREAS the Sixty-Seventh General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church 
resolved the following: 

1. The beginning of new human life, 
because it is a gift of the power of 
God's love for His people, and there- 
by sacred, should not and must not 
be undertaken unadvisedly or lightly 
but in full accordance of the under- 
standing for which this power to con- 
ceive and give birth is bestowed by 

2. Such understanding includes the 
responsibility for Christians to limit 
the size of their families and to prac- 
tice responsible birth control. Such 
means for moral limitations do not 
include abortion for convenience. 

3. The position of this Church, stated 
at the 62nd General Convention of 
The Church in Seattle in 1967 which 

flict with the stated policy of The 
Episcopal Church; 

this Convention of the Diocese of 
North Carolina convey the resolution 
of the General Convention of The 
Episcopal Church to the U.S. Senator: 
and Congressmen from the State of 
North Carolina. 

Bilateral Nuclear Weapons 
Freeze Resolution 

WHEREAS the 67th General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church 
at New Orleans "endorsed as a first 
step leading to a reduction of nuclear 
weapons a bilateral nuclear freeze 
and urges the President of the United 
States to propose a U.S./Soviet 
agreement to halt immediately the 
testing, production and further 
deployment of all nuclear weapons, 
missiles and delivery systems in a 
way that can be verified on both 
sides" and encourages Dioceses to 
communicate on a continuing basis 
within their local communities their 
support for this proposal; 

this 167th Convention of the Diocese 
of North Carolina recommend to the 
North Carolina General Assembly an 

= i 

Page 6— The Communicant— February/March 1983 

Jorth Carolina's U.S. Representatives 
nd Senators that they work towards 
doption of a resolution in support of 
bilateral U.S./USSR nuclear 
/eapons freeze, together with an 
greement for a mutually verifiable 
alt immediately of testing, 
roduction, and further deployment 
f all nuclear weapons, missiles, and 
elivery systems. 

Resolution of Appreciation 

/HEREAS, Alfred Luther Purrington, 
•., modest gentleman, devoted 
hurchman and distinguished lawyer, 
>r more years than most of us can 
;member has given unstintingly of 
is time and talent in rendering in- 
aluable service to his Church, both 
1 his parish and in this Diocese, and 
articularly during the last decade as 
lis Diocese's able Chancellor; 

OW THEREFORE, upon the occa- 
on of his retirement as Chancellor, 
lis Convention, with the affectionate 
xkJ wishes of its individual raem- 
ers, hereby expresses to Alfred 
uther Purrington, Jr. its sincere ap- 
reciation of all that he has done for 
is Church. 

The following nominees were elected at 
the 167th Annual Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina in January. 

Board of Directors, 
Penick Home for the Aging 

E. E. Carter 

Christ Church, Raleigh. 
William P. Davis 
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. 
Dr. William F. Hollister 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. 
Mary Katavolos 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. 

The Rev. Peter James Lee 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 

Margaret Motsinger 

Galloway Memorial Church, Elkin. 

Francis I. Parker 

Christ Church, Charlotte. 

Dr. Charles W. Pinckney 

Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro. 

Richard E. Thigpen, Jr. 

Christ Church, Charlotte. 
Paul Wright, Jr. 

5f. Stephen's Church, Durham. 

Standing Committee 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum 

Christ Church, Albemarle. 3 years. 
The Rev. G. Kenneth Grant 

Church of the Holy Comforter, 
Charlotte. 3 years. 

The Rev. Robert C. Johnson, 


St. Luke's Church, Durham. 1 year. 

Scott Ryree Evans 

St. Stephen's, Durham. 3 years. 

Diocesan Council 

Rose Flannagan 

The Church of the Holy Innocents, 

Ward Purrington 

Christ Church, Raleigh. 

A. Zachary Smith, III 

Christ Church, Charlotte. 3 years. 

The. Rev. G. Markis House 

Christ Church, Rocky Mount. 3 years. 

The Rev. L. Bartine Sher- 

St. Martin's, Charlotte. 3 years. 

Diocesan Trustee, 

The University of the South 

The Rev. Nicholson B. 

Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. 3 

Board of Directors, 
The Conference Center 

Mary Harris 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 3 

Emmett Sebrell 

Christ Church, Charlotte. 3 years. 
Joel Weston, Jr. 

St. Timothy's Church, Winston-Salem. 
3 years. 

The Rev. Wilson R. Carter 

Grace Church, Lexington. 1 year. 
The Rev. Phillip Craig 

Church of the Good Shepherd, 
Asheboro. 3 years. 

The Rev. Harrison T. 

St. Stephen's Church and St. Cyprian's 
Church, Oxford. 3 years. 

The Rev. I. Mayo Little 

St. Luke's Church, Salisbury. 3 years. 

On stewardship 

The work of the church 


lie report of the Stewardship Com- 
nittee was inadvertently omitted 
rom the January Communicant and 
s printed here as delivered by The 
lev. Glenn Busch at the 167th An- 
mal Convention of the Diocese. 

At the 166th Diocesan Convention held last 
year, a resolution was passed which made 
the ad hoc Stewardship Committee a staning 
commission of the diocese. This has there- 
fore been our first year of operation as a full 
commission. During the ensuing year, the 
commission has spent the bulk of its time on 
matters of study and program development. 
It has been our intent to make preparations 
for what we hope will be a strong steward- 
ship emphasis this year in our diocese. 

Last year I compiled statistical data regarding 
the nature of stewardship in our church. 
This year I thought it would be helpful to 
share with you the results of some of our re- 
search. In order to ascertain the health of 
stewardship in the Episcopal Church, and 
particularly in our diocese, we conducted 
several interviews. We interviewed a Metho- 
dist and discussed with him his approach to 
stewardship. And here I quote: "Each 
month I cash my salary check," he said. "I 
then draw a line down the center of the 
room and throw my money at the line. What 
falls on the left side of the line I give to the 
work of God through the church and what 
falls on the right side of the line I keep for 
myself." We also interviewed a Presbyterian 
laywoman. She had another method. She in- 
dicated that she too cashes her monthly 
check but draws a circle on the floor. Pres- 
byterians as you know are enamored of the 
doctrine of predestination. Standing in the 
middle of the circle, she explained that she 
threw her monthly earnings into the air and 
that what landed inside of the circle was 
turned over to the church and the rest she 
kept for herself. Finally, we interviewed an 
Episcopalian and again I quote: "I have an- 

other idea," he said. "I take my monthly 
earnings and I too throw those dollars into 
the air, and whatever God catches, he 

In order to carry out its work, the commis- 
sion felt it necessary to have some operating 
assumptions or precepts which would guide 
the practical side of our work. I would there- 
fore like to mention to you some of these 
precepts that guide our work, precepts 
which we hope to promote through the ac- 
tivities of the commission. They are: 

Stewardship, writ large, is truly the work of 
the church; the use of our resources, includ- 
ing our income, is an indicator of our com- 
mitment to Christ and His church; that mon- 
ey is indeed sacramental— how we use it is 
an outward and visible sign of our inward 
convictions and motivations; that steward- 
ship is as much a matter of "spiritual life" as 
it is a matter of money; that stewardship is 
not synonymous with fundraising— while 
"raising dollars" for the church budget is un- 
deniably an aspect of stewardship, the mat- 
ter of stewardship is far more comprehen- 
sive—including such other matters as the 
stewardship of one's time, talents, physical 
and emotional health and concern for crea- 
tion; that the stewardship of our finances 
needs to be seen as an initial consideration 
and not a leftover; that the deepest sense of 
stewardship is exclusive of church bud- 
gets—that is, we give not to a budget but 
give out of our commitment to Christ; that a 
standard of giving is essential, not for the in- 
ducement of guilt or other bad feelings but 
as a systematic motivator for progress in our 
personal stewardship development. (In this 


The Communicant— February/March 1983— Page 


regard the commission supports, en- 
dorses and will promote the action 
taken by the General Convention in 
1982 which establishes the Biblical 
tithe, ten percent, as the standard of 
giving for Episcopalians. 


is indeed 
sacramental — 
how we use it 
is an outward 
and visible 
sign of 
our faith. " 

With that as a background, let me tell 
you some of the plans which the 
Stewardship Commission has made 
for the upcoming year. A major stew- 
ardship conference is to be held on 
April 21-22, 1983 at the Browns Sum- 
mit Conference Center. This confer- 
ence will be open to all members of 
the diocese but it is hoped that the 
bishops, the members of the Execu- 
tive Council, the clergy and all stew- 
ardship personnel within each congre- 
gation will attend. The commission 
feels that if an atmosphere of stew- 
ardship is to prevail in the diocese it 
must begin with the leadership. 

We have secured the best possible 
person we could find to lead this 
stewardship conference: The Rev. 
Dr. Thomas H. Carson, Jr., Executive 
for Stewardship for the Executive 
Council of the National Church. Dr. - 
Carson is in an ideal position to lead 
this conference, as he has had many 
successful years in parish ministry 
working on stewardship concerns be- 
fore taking the staff position with the 
National Church. He is also the chief 
architect of the tithing resolution 

which passed the General Convention 
this past fall. 

In the course of its work this past 
year the commission realized the im- 
portance of extra-budgetary giving. 
Every year significant financial re- 
sources are bequested to hospitals, 
universities and other organizations. 
Heretofore, the church has not been 
prepared in any deliberate or system- 
atic way to assist persons who might 
want to consider making gifts of this 
nature to the church. The commission 
has therefore planned a special one- 
day conference to be held on Septem- 
ber 24, 1983 at the Browns Summit 
Conference Center regarding deferred 
and extra-budgetary giving. The con- 
ference will be led by Mr. Richard 
M. Lamport, Jr., who is the Capital 
Funding Officer for the Executive 
Council. Mr. Lamport is responsible 
for the planned giving projects which 
are now being conducted in the Dio- 
ceses of Western Massachusetts, 
Pennsylvania and Central Penn- 

While realizing the importance of de- 
ferred and extra-budgetary giving, the 
commission also realized that it is an 
extremely specialized area which re- 
quires the expertise of those in such 
fields as banking, law, development 
and accounting. These are the persons 
who would be most familiar with 
wills, bequests, annuities, and the 
like. The commission, aware of its 
lack of knowledge in this area, has 
formed a subcommittee on planned 
giving consisting of those persons 
who have the necessary expertise in 
planned and deferred giving. We 
hope to provide through this sub- 
committee some assistance to the 
diocese'in this area. 

The commission also plans to estab- 
lish stewardship resource teams for 
congregational consultation. It is 
planned for these teams to assist con- 
gregations in determining an ap- 
proach to stewardship development 
among their members. At present the 
commission does not feel that we 
need a single "diocesan plan," as ours 
is a large diocese with many congre- 



gations having diverse individual dif- 
ferences. It is hoped that the resource 
teams will be in a position to assist 
congregations in determining an ap- , 
proach to stewardship which will be 
most suitable to its unique charac- 
teristics. The commission plans to 
have these teams in place sometime 
this spring after the diocesan Stew- 
ardship Conference has been 

As mentioned in the Bishop's Ad- 
dress, the commission has also devel- 
oped a questionnaire which is to be 
sent to each congregation in the dio- 
cese. We are making a plea that those 
of you who receive this questionnaire 
do your utmost to see that it is com- 
pleted and returned promptly. The 
commission needs this information 
and the results will have a significant 
effect upon the direction of our 


planning this coming year. In order 
for us to make plans we need to 
know just exactly what we need to 
plan for— what needs exist in the con 
gregations of the diocese. 

The commission sees its responsibil- 
ities falling into two areas. Firstly, to 
address the spiritual essence that mo- 
tivates and entails good steward- 
ship—Biblical and traditional. Second 
ly, the commission realizes that it is 
important that, along with our 
motivation, we develop a practical 
structure through which stewardship 
ideals can be conveyed. The commis- 
sion realizes that this work will 
require an ongoing, persistent and 
patient effort. We feel that we have 
made a good beginning during this 
past year and hope that the programs 
and activites planned for 1983 will 
carry us further along that course. 

A Conference on Christian Stewardship 

Spend a day with Dr. Thomas H. Carson, discussing the nuts and bolts of 
stewardship for churches, large and small. 5:00 p.m. April 21 to 4:00 p.m. April 22, 

at the Conference Center in Browns Summit 



Page 8— The Communicant— February/March 1983 



By Judy Lane 

visiting North Carolina 
churches these days. The 
Rt. Rev. Frederick W. 
Putnam, Jr., retired Bish- 
op of Navajoland, will as- 
sist Bishop Robert Estill 
with diocesan visitations 
until the end of May. Putnam is 
traveling each Sunday from Charlotte, 
where he has lived since February 1, 
to one or two parishes or missions in 
the diocese to visit and confirm. He 
has an office at Thompson Children's 

Putnam is traveling each Sunday from 
Charlotte, where he has lived since 
February 1, to one or two parishes or 
missions in the diocese to visit and 
confirm. He has an office at Thomp- 
son Children's Home. 

Although he retired officially at the 
beginning of 1983, Putnam says, "I'm 
not ready to hang up my spurs yet, 
and I was delighted to be asked to 
come to North Carolina." He ap- 
plauds the trend of having bishops of 
large dioceses appoint assistants and 

having the assistants live in areas 
away from diocesan headquarters. 
"Episcopal dioceses are too large any- 
way. Having the bishops in different 
communities nearer clergy and lay- 
people makes a great deal of sense." 

Putnam was introduced to the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina at January's 
Annual Convention, which he says 
was "the most peaceful one I've ever 
attended, almost scary in the lack of 
conflict." He took part in Estill's 
investiture, and it was an occasion of 
great joy for him, its splendid music 
and full ceremony a marked contrast 
to the humble services he has at- 
tended during his four years in 

Putnam was serving his fifteenth year 
as Suffragan Bishop of Oklahoma 
when Presiding Bishop John M. Allin 
appointed him in 1978 to lead the Na- 
vajoland Area Mission. A unique mis- 
sion in the Episcopal Church designed 
for ecumenical work with the Navajo 
Indians, Navajoland includes parts of 
three dioceses in Arizona, Utah, and 
New Mexico. With five to six thou- 
sand baptized Indians in the area, the 
mission has seven priests and 1 1 con- 
gregations on or near Navajo reserva- 

Putnam's interest in American Indi- 
ans began when he was a Boy Scout 
in his native Minnesota, and was 

revived while working with Indians 
in Oklahoma. 

The Navajos, a poverty-stricken, gen- 
tle people who have resisted Chris- 
tianity until recently, have great need 
for support as their traditional culture 
meets the pulls and stresses of mod- 
ern life. Under Putnam's leadership 
the Church has been attempting to 
provide some of that support. 

"The Episcopal Church never puts 
down Navajo culture," Putnam says. 
"We encourage the Navajo religion 
where it doesn't conflict with Chris- 
tian faith. Even the medicine man is 
treated as important, and is often an 
acceptable healer." 

Venture in Mission has given impor- 
tant help to the Navajos in the form 
of $80,000 for the purchase of buses 
that are allowing the Indians access to 
jobs, medical care, and stores, and en- 
abling them to return home for visits 
when their jobs have taken them 

A graduate of the University of Min- 
nesota and Seabury-Western Theologi- 
cal Seminary, Putnam studied 
sociology and psychology and has 
used his knowledge of these disci- 
plines not only with the Indians but 
in his ministry to a wide variety of 
congregations, including rural mis- 
sions and city, suburban, and univer- 
sity parishes. 

Liturgical revival has been a long- 
standing concern of Putnam's minis- 
try. In the 1950's while rector of St. 
Matthew's, Evanston, Illinois, he join- 
ed a group interested in liturgical re- 
vival, Associated Parishes, Inc., and 
led his parish in experimentation with 
new forms of worship that eventually 
became part of the 1979 Prayer Book. 

An avid photographer, Putnam has 
been a photo-journalist for The Living 
Church magazine. He enters his work 
in international competitions and 
hopes to participate in a photography 
club while in Charlotte. 

With full schedules for the present 
and immediate future, Putnam and 
his wife, Helen, have not yet decided 
where they will retire. He speaks of 
the possibility of returning to Minne- 
apolis, where he grew up; to Hono- 
lulu, where one of his three sons 
lives; or to Santa Fe. But he and 
Helen plan to visit the Carolina 
mountains and beaches during the 
four months they are here. Perhaps 
after a spring spent in North Carolina 
they will add it to their retirement 
prospectus. S 

The Communicant— February/March 1983 





have the power to bring this present 
time to a halt forever may be the 
greatest sin of all against the same 
Holy Spirit whose intentions are that 
we be given might ... to bring good 
tidings to the afflicted." 

The overall tone of Estill's sermon 
was joyous, hopeful, and plainly per- 
sonally excited. "I feel like dancing," 
he said at the beginning of the 

Indeed, dance was about the only es- 
thetic form that wasn't part of the lit- 
urgy. There was the poetry of the 
psalm sung by Cantor Michael Ellis; 
the silken soprano of Jacqueline 
Schmitt leading the litany, with re- 
sounding responses from the con- 
gregation; the combined elegance of 
Margaret Mueller and the Duke 
Chapel Flentrop organ; the brass 
notes which bounced off stone walls 
accustomed to absorbing softer 
sounds; and the more than 150 
unacquainted voices from nine 
church choirs that Van Quinn and 
Carolyn Darr had molded into a de 
facto cathedral choir. 

After the new bishop had been offi- 
cially seated in the chair of his office, 
the people welcomed him with their 
acclamation and applause. The ap- 
plause in this case was so warm, it 
drowned the accompanying brass fan- 
fare for all but the last few measures. 

Bishop Estill exchanged the Peace of 
the Lord with as many of the chancel 
party as could make their way to him 
before he slipped down to the first 
row of chairs in the nave to hug his 
wife, Joyce. 

The Estill's youngest child, Elizabeth, 
participated in the service as one of 
the St. Mary's College marshalls who 
served as ushers, attired in their tradi- 
tional long white organdy dresses 
with blue sashes and white gloves. 

The service concluded with the eu- 
charist, in the same ancient shape 
that has concluded similar services 
for the past two millenia. The nine 
choirs filled the chancel and spread 
across the sanctuary steps, so that the 
altar had to be set in the crossing, 
surrounded by the congregation. 

Two thousand Anglican voices with 
ecumenical obligato had one more 
chance to be joyfully noisy with the 
concluding hymn, "Ye watchers and 
ye holy ones ..." and the organs, 
choirs, brass, and congregation made 
each alleluia a bit louder than the 

The recessional took five minutes to 
travel back through the warm church 
and out into the damp, chilly January 
air, where the carillon bells pealing at 
an unaccustomed hour on a Thursday 
night accompanied the newly-installed 
bishop's attempts to hug wellwishers 
without knocking his miter off. ■ 

Ye watchers and ye holy ones 

The Rev. Jacqueline M. Schmitt, litanist, (left) 
and the Rev. Peter James Lee, President of the 
Standing Committee, watch as the newly invest- 

Photo by Tony Rumple 

ed ninth Bishop of North Carolina, the Rt. Rev. 
Robert W. Estill, blesses the congregation at the 
conclusion of the service. 

Master of the revels 

Behind the scenes with Phil Byrum 

How many Episcopalians does it take to 
install a bishop? 

About 1800, plus thrones, dominians, 
principalities, angels, archangels, 
cherabim, seraphim, the entire com- 
munion of saints, nine choirs, twenty 
ushers, assorted acolytes, and Phil 
Byrum to tell them all where to go. 

Byrum had been at Duke Chapel 
since nine that morning. It was now 
seven o'clock and the service was to 
begin in thirty minutes. Almost every- 
thing was ready— the choirs were rob- 
ed, the altar was guilded, the organist 
had begun to play, and even the cler- 
gy were vested and ready to go. But 
Phil Byrum was in a swivet. 

"I'm missing a couple of bishops," he 
said, looking up at the organ loft, as if 
they might be hiding up there. No 
purple shirts. 

He rolled his eyes heavenward. 
"Needless to say, we won't start 
without the presiding bishop and the 
diocesan bishop." 

Both were standing beside him within 
a minute. Allin and Estill had come in 
through the front door of the Chapel, 
rather than slip in a side entrance, 
and they had been detained by scores 
of friends as they made their way up 

the center aisle. The threatened hitch 
evaporated and the service sat on the 
launching pad, ready to lift and soar. 

Institution minus twenty-nine minutes 
and counting. 

As chairperson of the diocesan Com- 
mittee on Liturgy and Worship, By- 
rum had been working with Bishop 
Estill for months to plan this event 
with NASA-like attention to detail and 
tolerance for the unpredictable. 

Recruiting participants for the service 
was about as difficult as persuading 
people to accept free tickets to the 
ACC basketball tournament. 

"Every single person who was asked 
was delighted to take part," explained 
Byrum, the rector of Christ Church, 
Albemarle. "Clergymen who hadn't 
answered a letter for months wrote 
back by return mail and said of 
course their choir or acolytes or 
ushers or whatever would do it." 

The main challenge was getting a rep- 
resentative group. Bishop Estill was 
insistent that people from urban, ru- 
ral, black, white, large, and small 
congregations be included, and the 
list just kept growing. Estill was de- 
termined that the tone of his epis- 
copacy found expression in the sym- 

bolism and liturgy which marked its 

Since the bishops were not to arrive 
until just before the service, it was es- 
sential that all the supporting players 
knew exactly what to do and where 
to go. Acolytes practiced moving to- 
gether, the recessional was timed, and 
the episcopal chair moved back and 
forth dozens of times. The sound 
level was checked on the public ad- 
dress system, and the brass players 
tested the acoustics. 

All the systems had been checked out 
and the service was ready to launch. 

Byrum lined up the clergy and check- 
ed his clipboard again. Well, all 
right. Maybe he didn't really have a 
clipboard. But he should have had a 
clipboard. And a whistle. And a safari 
hat. He did have a diagram of the 
chapel, altar, communion stations, 
and a seating chart with a set of X's 
and O's that looked like the plans for 
either a Statue of Liberty play or the 
Normandy Invasion. 

The trumpet fanfare sounded and the 
bishop stood at the door and knock- 
ed. Months of planning and double- 
checking had done all they could. The 
rest depended on felicity and the 
power of the Spirit. 

Page 10— The Communicant— February/March 1983 

^cidsviilo attorney earns notoriety for his protest 

a gainst Bible classes in the p ublic schools 

God in the classroom 

"Bill" Horsley flashes a 
knowing grin when asked 
about what it has been like 
to be a committed church- 
man and also oppose the 
teaching of the Bible to ele- 
mentary school children. 

A parent and vestry mem- 
ber at St. Thomas Episcopal 
Church in Reidsville, Hors- 
ley says he became a cru- 
sader for the constitutional 
principle of separation of 
church and state almost by 

The 35-year-old attorney 
and Nashville, Tennessee 
native unwittingly entered 
the public limelight last Oc- 
tober when he wrote a letter 
to the superintendent of the 
Reidsville City Schools pro : 
testing a weekly Biblexlass, 
taught by a biblical funda- 
mentalist and attended by 
4th and 5th grade students 
with the permission of their ' 

His opposition to the class 
in general, and especially to 
the way in which it was 
taught, was genuine. But, 
Horsley says, the realization 
that he should protest was a 
gradual thing. 

The class, staffed by a. 
teacher paid by a group of 25 local 
churches, was something of a city in- 
stitution. It was the kind of course 
not very unusual in public schools a 
generation ago, but something of a 
throwback in today's highly secular 
public educational system. 

Sometime in the early 1970's— before 
Horsley even moved to the city— St. 
Thomas decided to withdraw its fi- 
nancial support from the Bible course. 
The issue surfaced again several years 
later when the courses teacher, Car- 
olyn Ray, came to speak to the Epis- 
copal Church Women to request that 
financial support for the course be 
reinstated, Horsley says. 

This time Horsley was a vestry mem- 
ber. He recalls the vestry discussing 
why St. Thomas was not participat- 
ing. "The thing that immediately 
comes to mind," he says, "is several 
children of the church had come 
home very disturbed because the 
Episcopal Church used wine at Com- 
munion and Mrs. Ray had told them 
it was sinful." 

Again, the vestry decided not to fin- 
ance the course. Horsley was not in- 
volved in evaluating the course's mer- 
it again until 1981 when his oldest 
daughter, Jennifer, reached 4th grade. 

Like other city school children, Jenni- 
fer came home with a permission slip 
that asked her parents to indicate 
whether they wished for her to attend 
the Bible class. The Horsleys already 
had decided that their daughter 
should not participate, but the issue • 
didn't die with their negative re- 
sponse on the permission voucher. 

Horsley recalls that Jennifer would 


"i think Christianity will 
be accepted more readily if 
you don't use the state, the 
public schools, etc. 
as a forum.' ' 

call him at his law office in down- 
town Reidsville often and say, "Can't 
I take the class?" Since she was one 
of the few children who did not take 
it, Horsley says, she sometimes spent 
the class period idle. 

Gradually, Horsley began to discuss 
the course with other parents and 
lifelong Reidsville residents. He says 
he found many who either didn't let 
their children take the class, or who 
allowed them to participate and then 
tried to counteract any negative influ- 
ences at home. 

"The people who really opposed the 
program— and I'm convinced there 
are a lot of them— felt they couldn't 
step forward and do anything about 
it," the attorney says. 

Horsley, too, let the issue slide until 
the fall of this year when Jennifer 
reached 5th grade and came home 
with the permission slip a second 

Though the city schools may have a 
plurality of students whose families 

attend churches of a fundamentalist 
persuasion, Horsley said he still "was 
disturbed that the public schools were 
being used as a forum for funda- 
mentalist 'Christian' doctrine." 

So he wrote fhe letter to the 
superintendent. What he didn't know 
when he penned his objections was 
that his protest would not remain a 
quiet one. 

Soon, a debate ensued in which the 
city school board held meetings, at- 
tended by religious persons on both 
sides of the issue. The local news- 
paper soon was replete with stories 
and letters to the editor (many of 
them uncomplimentary of Horsley). 
And, the school board eventually 
sought a legal opinion on the constitu- 
tionality of the course from its own 

The debate dragged on for several 
weeks with the Bible class a principal 
topic of conversation from pulpits, in 
restaurants, in businesses. The school 
board finally voted to discontinue the 
class, which had been taught for a to- 

tal of six decades, on De- 
cember 13. The board's at- 
torney, Robert Lee Watt III, 
had researched the issue and 
told the board that offering 
the course was, indeed, un- 
constitutional under U.S. 
Supreme Court precedents. 

Now that the fight is over, 
Horsley says reflectively, 
"Religion has played such a 
vital role in the develop- 
ment of our country that it's 
almost as if the schools 
pretend it's not there." 

He notes that he wouldn't 
have had any problem with 
a Bible course offered as 
part of a comparative reli- 
gion program, or one in 
which the Bible was taught 
as a work of literature. 
Neither, the attorney says, 
would be a violation of the 
separation of church and 
state guaranteed under the 
Constitution. A non-sectari- 
an teacher with the proper 
training could teach such a 
course, even to elementary 
school children, Horsley 
suggests; "You just have to 
be very careful how you 
handle it." 

Bible courses will actually 
Sj&tijrg I be available to Reidsville 
: | ■■.-:■■.. I students as elective class of- 
ferings in the upper grades. 
And the 25-church committee, The 
Committee for the Teaching of the Bi- 
ble in the Public Schools, has indicat- 
ed its work is not finished. Even the 
school board, through its superinten- 
dent, has intimated it might still "be 
open" to a change in the Bible class 
structure that would satisfy board, 
members' concerns about the consti- 
tutionality of the class. 

Meanwhile, Horsley has nothing but 
good things to say about the support 
he received from church members at 
St. Thomas. All save one who wrote a 
letter objecting to the attorney's 
position were supportive, Horsley 

Support also came the attorney's way 
from the Rt. Rev. Robert Estill, Bish- 
op of the Diocese of North Carolina, 
who wrote a letter to Horsley. And 
the lawyer says the most interesting 
letter he received was from a man 
who is Jewish and serves as a special 
counsel to the University of North ' 
Carolina. That, too, was a supportive 

Yes. Horsley says, evangelism is a 
strong call in the Christian gospel, 
and a call he believes should be 

"But I think you have to be respon- 
sible about the call," he says. "I don't 
think you necessarily have to inter- 
pret that to mean you have to impose 
your views on people. 

"I think Christianity will be accepted 
more readily if you don't use the 
state, the public schools, etc., as a 
forum for Christianity. You're just not 
going to get very far with a captive 
audience." ■ 

The Communicant— February/March 1983— Pagi 


On January 23, the popular television 
program "60 Minutes" featured a seg- 
ment entitled "The Gospel According to 
Whom?" which harshly criticized both 
the National Cpuncil of Churches and 
the World Council of Churches. Judging 
by the many queries received at the Di- 
ocesan House since the broadcast, it ap- 
pears that the story, filed by Morley Sa- 
fer, has left many viewers with the im- 
pression that church dollars contributed 
to these ecumenical organizations are 
being used to finance armed revolution 
and support the worldwide spread of 
communism. Believing that the serious- 
ness of these allegations merits their 
careful consideration, The Com- 
municant asked the National Council 
of Churches for its side of the contro- 
versy. The Council's response follows. 

NEW YORK-The January 23 edition 
of "60 Minutes" (CBS) began with a 
segment called "The Gospel Accord- 
ing to Whom?" This piece charged 
that the National Council of Churches 
of Christ in the U.S.A. (NCCC), the 
World Council of Churches (WCC), 
and a number of major Protestant de- 
nominations are inappropriately in- 
volved in political activity around the 
world, including support of armed 

The NCCC believes that the program 
proceeded from a purely secular, po- 
litical analysis of the churches' work. 
In interviews with NCCC staff, CBS 
made no attempt to probe the theo- 
logical bases for the Council's work. 
Thus it is not surprising that the 
viewer is misled into believing that 
the Council operates from political 
rather than biblical and theological 

An informal survey of viewers show- 
ed that the program left a number of 
false impressions, including the fol- 
lowing: the false impression that 
money given by churchgoers in the 
collection plate supports armed revo- 
lution through the work of national 
church bodies; the false impression 
that these church groups support 
communist regimes and movements, 
or at the least, fund Soviet front orga- 
nizations; the false impression that 
large amounts of church money and 
staff time go to dubious causes; the 
false impression that ecumenical and 
denominational leaders are not 
worthy of trust; the false impression 
that NCCC critics featured in the seg- 
ment were randomly selected as typi- 
cal representatives of their denomina- 

Although the segment was crafted to 
create these impressions, careful ex- 
amination of the facts shows that they 
are false and that the evidence pre- 
sented does not support them. 


Not a shred of evidence was pre- 
sented that church offerings support 

armed revolution— nor can it be. In 
fact, the NCCC has consistently op- 
posed violence. NCCC aid is sent 
overseas in consultation with the 
churches there, is carefully monitor- 
ed, and is used only for humanitarian 

Although the casual viewer could cer- 
tainly have been left with the feeling 
that the churches are actually buying 
weapons, a closer look shows that the 
NCCC is never accused of this. Only 
the Program to Combat Racism of the 
WCC is accused. This is a five-year- 
old charge against the PCR, it has 
never been proven, and "60 Minutes" 
offered no new information. 

While it is true that the NCCC and 
the WCC (who are not organically re- 
lated to each other) do cooperate in 
certain areas, "60 Minutes" insinuat- 
ed that money given to the NCCC 
might reach the PCR, unknown to 
contributors. This is not true. The 
controversial support given to libera- 
tion movements comes only from a 
special fund of the PCR. The WCC 
has a strict rule that no funds may go 
to this special fund except those 
specifically designated for it. No other 
money may be used for this fund. 

"60 Minutes" cannot plead ignorance 
on this and other misleading impres- 
sions given about NCCC finances 
since NCCC financial records are 
open to the public and were given to 
the producer of the "60 Minutes" 


The segment paints a picture of 
church organizations deeply involved 
in politics— politics with Marxist 
leanings. Through a number of unfair 
tactics, the viewer is encouraged to 

Cjl f*JU*L/L N. S 

believe that the NCCC supports com- 
munism abroad and finances Soviet 
front organizations at home. This is 
patently untrue. 

Among the shaky bits of evidence of- 
fered was the fact of church contri- 
butions to the literacy campaign be- 
gun by Nicaragua's Sandinist govern- 
ment. There was nothing subversive 
about these contributions. Among 
other contributors, none of whom 
were mentioned by "60 Minutes," 
were the U.S. government, OXFAM, 
a number of western European gov- 
ernments and U.S. labor organiza- 
tions. As a result of this campaign, lit- 
eracy has risen from 30 to 80 percent. 
Safer 's insinuation that American 
workers are not welcome in Nicara- 
gua is untrue. NCCC staff report that, 
as of last fall, approximately 1,000 
American technicians from private 
agencies were working there. 

A statement from United Methodist 
evangelist Ed Robb that the sympath- 
ies of the NCCC lie with the Marxist- 
dominated opposition in El Salvador 
was allowed to go unrefuted. A 
review of NCCC action on El Salva- 
dor disproves this claim. In fact, the 
NCCC has provided aid inside the 


"Sir, what have you done? 
'Sixty Minutes' is here to see you!" 

country through such groups as 
ASESAH, an ecumenical relief agency 
helping innocent people caught be- 
tween government and opposition 
forces. NCCC Governing Board state- 
ments advocating an end to U.S. aid 
to the current government protest that 
government's policies; this cannot be 
interpreted as support for any of the 
several opposition movements. 

Our deep concern in El Salvador has 
been for the suffering of the people, 
who are predominantly Christian. 
The non-partisan nature of this con- 
cern was demonstrated during a No- 
vember 1981 church-to-church visit of 
high-ranking NCCC leaders to El 
Salvador. The NCCC delegation met 
only with church leadership and with 
the U.S. ambassador. 


Another false impression is created 
when the segment opens with the 
statement that generous churchgoers 
in NCCC member communions give 
$115 million in weekly offerings, 
without mentioning that an average of 
80 percent stays in the local commun- 
ity. Only two-tenths of one percent 
(0.2%) goes to the NCCC. Of that 
fraction, even the critics on the pro- 
gram conceded that most goes to 
worthy causes with which they find 
no fault. 

But because a national news program 
devoted a longer-than-usual portion of 
its air time to the work done with a 
small portion of these offerings, the 
viewer comes naturally to the conclu- 
sion that large sums of money must 
be involved, despite two passing dis- 

In fact, very small sums are at issue. 
For instance, of the total NCCC bud- 
get of $44 million in 1982, $15,000 
was granted to EPICA, an ecumenical 
organization charged in the program 
with leftist tendencies. Although it re- 
ceived far less than one-tenth of one 
percent of the NCCC's financial re- 
sources in 1982, EPICA figured prom- 
inently in the "60 Minutes" segment. 
Ignored completely was the work that 
consumes most of the money and 
staff time in the Latin America 
office— assistance to Central American 
refugees, work with Cuban refugees 
arriving in Miami, aid to those living 
in misery in Haiti, and similar 

Page 12— The Communicant— February/March 1983 


The overall impact of the piece is to 
discredit national church leadership. 
The worst statements, typical of the 
tenor of the entire segment, were 
made by Richard Neuhaus, who is a 
leader of the Institute on Religion and 
Democracy. He charges that national 
church leaders have lied to the 
people, although he offers no evi- 
dence. Equally unfounded and undoc- 
umented is his allegation that church 
leaders "consort" with those who 
persecute, torture, and kill Christians. 

Both charges are false. On the first, 
viewers should remember that, 
among the church groups mentioned, 
leaders are chosen by the churches 
and are accountable to the people 
they serve. The critics, who are not 
accountable to any church body, seek 
to exploit for their own purposes the 
difficulties that naturally exist in any 
national structure. Despite these diffi- 
culties, church leaders are in constant 
contact with U.S. Christians at the 
congregational level. Their role is 
complicated because they also are in 
touch with the grassroots church in 
other countries around the world and 
seek to be a bridge. 

On the second charge, in direct con- 
tradiction to Neuhaus' s claim that 
church leaders consort with those 
who persecute Christians, NCCC 
leaders can offer countless examples 
of instances in which persecuted 
Christians have been aided by U.S. 
church leaders' physical presence, 
prayers, behind-the-scenes negotia- 
tions, and public statements. 

Most recently, Kim Dae Jung, famed 
Christian political leader from South 
Korea, came to the NCCC January 10 
to thank U.S. church people for their 
role in saving him from death at the 
hands of his own government and for 
their support of the moderate, demo- 
cratic elements he represents. Chris- 
tians play a leading role in pressing 
for democratic reforms in Korea and 
many have been imprisoned for their 

Neuhaus intimates that similar sup- 
port has not been given to Christians 
in communist countries. Only last 
month, top NCCC officers traveled to 
the Soviet Union. While there, they 
paid an extended pastoral call on the 
Pentecostal families who have taken 
refuge in the U.S. embassy in Mos- 
cow and sought contact with dissi- 
dents. Through the years, visits with 
Christians in communist countries 
have given them strength to persevere 
under pressure, and showed them the 
support and concern of the universal 


Viewers also may have been led to 
believe that Robb, Neuhaus, and the 
Rev. Michael LeSaux, pastor of the 
Logansport, Indiana congregation 
featured in the piece, are randomly 
selected as typical representatives of 
their denominations. Nothing could 
be further from the truth. 

Robb and Neuhaus are leading figures 
in a small organization called the In- 
stitute on Religion and Democracy, 
which, as "60 Minutes" pointed out 
briefly, receives its primary funding 
from private conservative founda- 
tions. The IRD's only activity to date 
has been to attack the mainline Prot- 
estant churches and their agencies; it 
has put forward no positive programs 
of its own for meeting human need, it 
is accountable only to a 30-member, 
self-selected board. 

Some people believe its work is guid- 
ed by a political, rather than a reli- 

gious, motivation. Peter Steinfels, 
executive editor of the Catholic 
magazine Commonweal, has called 
IRD "a highly political and partisan 
organization" marching "under the 
banner of church independence" and 
manufacturing "an arsenal of vague 
and damaging allegations" against 
church leaders. 

From the amount of air time given to 
Mr. LeSaux and his parishioners, the 
viewer could conclude that he is a 
leader in the United Methodist 
Church. In fact, the resolution his 
Logansport, Indiana congregation 
sponsored, calling for the UMC to 
withdraw from the WCC, was defeat- 
ed by a margin of 10 to 1 at the Indi- 
ana Annual Conference of the UMC 
in June 1982. None of the many 
United Methodist pastors and 

even though the NCCC in no way 
supports these governments. 

In a similar way, file footage of black 
soldiers in Africa and the corpses of 
murdered white missionaries enhance 
the viewer's impression that the 
churches fund terrorism, misinfor- 
mation we have already disproved. 

Despite Morley Safer 's recognition of 
the danger of using guilt by associa- 
tion, the segment relies heavily on 
this tactic. A striking example is the 
mention of the KGB in the same com- 
ment as two organizations that Safer 
links to the NCCC. Again, no evi- 
dence justifies this association. 

As we have demonstrated, the piece 
lacks balance in a number of respects. 
While the critics of the NCCC are 

Allin faults news reports 

NEW YORK-A segment of the tele- 
vision program "60 Minutes" that 
purported to be an exploration of the 
work of the National and World 
Councils of Churches was called re- 
gretable by Presiding Bishop John M. 

In a statement issued shortly after the 
January 24 airing, Allin said the pro- 
gram gave a "very one-sided and ex- 
treme view of the National Council of 
Churches," and expressed the fear 
that this would cause confusion "for 
those who do not know all of the 
work of the National Council." 

"To brush aside," he said, "the 
positive elements of this organization 
with the glib statement that these 
need not be mentioned since such or- 
ganizations are expected to do good, 
seems irresponsible." 

Citing one incident, Allin noted, "Fea- 
turing a clergyman of the Episcopal 
Church as though he were on the Na- 
tional Council staff is hardly honest 
when he is not on the staff of the Na- 
tional Council and has not worked 
within the Episcopal Church since 

Allin criticized the program for en- 
couraging the popular misconception 
that the ecumenical councils support 
terrorist and Communist groups. "To 
my knowledge the leadership of the 
National Council of Churches does 
not advocate Communism or support 
terrorism in any form." 

Allin conceded that the National 
Council is not by any means a perfect 

organization. "The Episcopal Church 
recognizes this and attempts to im- 
prove this cooperative organization of 
Protestant and Orthodox Churches." 

The Episcopal Church takes an active 
role in the National Council, working 
closely with overseas relief programs 
and using ministry and educational 
resources to supplement Church ma- 
terial where they are helpful, Allin 
explained. On the governing board, 
the Church delegation has often 
worked to reshape policy statements 
and, occasionally has dissented from 
them or disassociated the Episcopal 
Church from those that do not con- 
form to the doctrine laid down 
through the Church polity and 

"Be it remembered," Allin stressed, 
"that the National Council of 
Churches does not speak for the Epis- 
copal Church and we frequently dis- 
sent from positions and programs of 
its many groups. We use its services 
where this is helpful to us and we 
have our own programs where we 
can do better." He cited as an 
example of the latter the domestic 
refugee settlement programs that are 
run directly through the Church's 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 

The presiding bishop assured Church 
members that "we need this cooper- 
ative ecumenical endeavor and will 
continue to work toward its im- 
provement, while continuing to use 
its services selectively where it is 
both to our advantage and to that of 
the ecumenical movement." 

laypeople who spoke for continued 
membership were shown. 

"When Morley Safer suggests that the 
choice is between a Soviet/Cuban 
view of reality and a Logansport view 
of reality, he has missed the point en- 
tirely," according to Bishop Arm- 
strong. "The church does not exist to 
reflect the values of either Leningrad 
or Logansport, but the gospel of Jesus 


These false impressions were created 
by a number of unfair tactics. Televi- 
sion does not rely on words alone; it 
makes powerful statements through 
the use of vivid visual imagery. In the 
opener, the unwarranted use of pic- 
tures of Fidel Castro and marchers in 
Red Square, completely unrelated to 
any facts presented, evokes emotional 
responses that linger with the viewer 

well represented by Robb, Neuhaus, 
LeSaux and three unidentified parish- 
ioners and much of Safer' s editorial 
commentary, only one person is al- 
lowed to speak for the NCCC. 

It is appropriate for Bishop James 
Armstrong, the highest elected official 
of the NCCC, to discuss both the the- 
ology and the work of the NCCC. 
Safer missed this opportunity by grill- 
ing Bishop Armstrong on minute de- 
tails of NCCC program that only a 
full-time staff officer could answer. 
Although Bishop Armstrong was told 
that the interview would be about the 
NCCC, Safer repeatedly pressed Bish- 
op Armstrong on recent World Coun- 
cil of Churches program with which 
Bishop Armstrong has no links. 

In addition, Safer 's interviewing style 
differs markedly with the churches' 
defenders than with its critics. While 
he sits back and gives a platform to 

the critics, his questions to Bishop 
Armstrong are hostile, aggressive, and 
set the terms under which the 
NCCC's work is discussed. 


The charges presented by "60 Min- 
utes" are not new. These charges are 
as old as the moment when Jesus 
taught the Good Samaritan parable. 
In every age voices arise who give a 
narrow definition to Jesus' question, 
"Who is your neighbor?" We believe 
the Gospel is quite clear in saying 
that all people everywhere are our 
sisters and brothers. 

"60 Minutes" passed up an opportun- 
ity to explore the real difficulties fac- 
ing committed Christians as they seek 
to work ecumenically to alleviate the 
world's growing suffering. Instead, 
"60 Minutes" did nothing but warm 
up old charges from right-wing 
sources, charges that have been re- 
peatedly discredited by many other 
news organizations, the churches 
themselves, and ecumenical councils. 

From the beginning of their research, 
"60 Minutes" seemed to place accusa- 
tions above accuracy and sensation 
above substance. Other thoughtful ob- 
servers have noticed a pattern on "60 
Minutes" in which all religious 
groups— Catholic, Protestant, evangeli- 
cal—have been treated with doubt 
and mistrust. 

Certainly in their segment on the 
NCCC, only lip service was given to 
balance. As Claire Randall, General 
Secretary of the NCCC, said, "Out of 
thousands of local clergy, the only 
one that was interviewed by '60 
Minutes' was a pastor who misunder- 
stands and opposes the NCCC and 
the World Council of Churches. 

"Out of the thousands of local 
churches who support the NCCC and 
WCC the only one that '60 Minutes' 
visited was this pastor's church which 
had sponsored an anti-WCC resolu- 

"Out of the hundreds of people at the 
United Methodist Annual Conference 
who voted on that resolution, which 
was defeated by ten to one, '60 Min- 
utes' recorded only the person who 
introduced it. 

"Out of the more than 300-member 
communions of the World Council, 
the only church official interviewed 
was from a group that had withdrawn 
from the WCC. 

"Out of the millions of people in the 
United States and around the world 
who have benefited from the pro- 
grams of the NCCC and the WCC, 
'60 Minutes' did not interview a sin- 
gle one. Rather, Morley Safer gave an 
overwhelming majority of his atten- 
tion to a small organization, the Insti- 
tute on Religion and Democracy, 
whose only program is to attack other 
Christian, groups. ' ' 

Bishop James Armstrong said, "Being 
faithful to the Gospel involves risk 
and misunderstanding; it will also be 
seen by some as 'political.' In that 
sense, the religious community has al- 
ways been political. Moses challenged 
the pharaoh. Elijah challenged his 
queen. Jesus quietly defied Caesar. A 
Presbyterian minister named 
Whitherspoon signed the Declaration 
of Independence. Abolition— temper- 
ance— civil rights— abortion— peace 
with justice— these are profoundly re- 
ligious issues that spill over into the 
public arena. 

"A democracy is dependent upon in- 
tegrity and fairness. The CBS segment 
on the WCC and NCCC reflected 
neither." a 

The Communicant— February/March 1983— Page 1 

Truth must learn to abide in love 





May 22, 1919. It was late on a Thurs- 
day afternoon. The air was still and 
muggy in Christ Church, Raleigh. The 
Diocesan Convention had been in ses- 
sion since 10 a.m. Tuesday, and the 
weary delegates faced another even- 
ing session later Thursday. 

Officers read long reports. More an- 
nouncements were made. A recess 
helped a little, but at 4 p.m. Bishop 
Cheshire, in the twenty-sixth year of 
his episcopate, firmly brought the 
Convention back to work. The ap- 
pointment of a search committee for a 
new editor for The Carolina Church- 
man was announced. Delegates hoped 
the afternoon agenda was coming to 
an end. And then, J. S. Holmes stood, 
spoke, and failed. 

The quiet, courtly delegate from the 
Chapel of the Cross in Chapel Hill in- 
troduced a resolution asking the Gen- 
eral Convention of the Episcopal 
Church (which would meet later that 
year) to seat women in its House of 
Deputies. His resolution was quickly 
buried in the Committee on Consti- 
tution and Canons, while Diocesan 
Convention delegates lumbered along 
their routine ways, passing resolutions 
of appreciation for Christ Church, the 
host parish, for the hospitality of St. 
Mary's School, and authorizing $5 for 
the sexton of Christ Church for his 
extra efforts. 

A year later, the Committee on Con- 
stitution and Canons reported, one 
hopes with tongue in cheek, that 
since the General Convention of 1919 
had "passed into history," it was im- 
possible for it to act on anything, so 
the Committee asked to be discharged 
from consideration of Mr. Holmes' 
resolution. It was dead. 

But J. S. Holmes was still very much 
alive, and the next year he introduced 
an amendment to the diocesan canons 
to open lay leadership to women. It, 
too, was referred to the Committee 
on Constitution and Canons. Although 
the Committee did recommend adop- 
tion of the amendment at the 1921 
convention a year later, it was over- 
whelmingly defeated on a vote by 

(Mr. Holmes had had both his Bishop 
and his Rector against him, but his 
fellow lay delegates from Chapel Hill 
placed the Chapel of the Cross among 
the seven parishes voting on his side.) 

John Simcox Holmes was no radical. 
Born in Canada, educated at Chapel 
Hill, he had been North Carolina's 
state forester since 1915, a position he 
would hold until 1945. In 1925 he 
moved to Raleigh and transferred to 
the Church of the Good Shepherd. 
His wife was Emily Smedes, of the 
respected and well-established Ral- 
eigh Smedes. Mr. Holmes lived to be 

100, and when he died in 1958, the 
parish newsletter of Good Shepherd 
remembered him as a "kind, gentle, 
loyal, Christian gentleman." 

General Convention admitted women 
to the House of Deputies in 1970, 
fifty-one years after J. S. Holmes 
stood, spoke, and failed. 

What are the issues of 1983 where 
Christians are risking failure? Should 
diocesan investments be withdrawn 
from banks that do business in South 
Africa? Should the church take the 
lead in opposing the nuclear arms 
race? Shall we speak on the fact that 
North Carolina has more prisoners in 
proportion to its population than most 

Some Christian voices are deeply con- 
cerned that we expect too much of 
our governments. Are they the voices 
of the future? Does the easy availabil- 
ity of abortion represent a weakening 
of our regard for vulnerable human 
life or is it only a small step in ad- 
dressing the unimaginable threat of 
population growth run amok? Where 
shall we stand? And when? And how 
will we know we are right? 

What led J. S. Holmes to stand and 
speak and fail in 1919? What sort of 
abiding grace did the man possess 
that permited him to live contentedly 
for decades to come? Many times a 
vestryman, and for many years * 
church school superintendent at Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh, he was remember- 
ed for gentleness and loyalty, not for 
his prophetic vision. 

Did he change his mind and drop his 
concern for artificial barriers in the 
Body of Christ? Was he embittered by 
the experience of 1919? I suspect the 
answer to both questions is "no." 

Here is a man of our own history 
who, by his failure, can teach us both 
the necessity and the cost of Christian 
witness. He felt led to speak. He did 
not "win." His contemporaries dis- 
agreed with him. He stood, spoke, 
and failed. He also endured. 

Jesus said, "Abide in my love." The 

pattern for witnessing in controversial 
issues must include that abiding or it 
is not Christian. It means taking the 
risk of failure and then remaining in 
the body even if the point one wants 
to make is ignored or rejected. 

Christian communities are healthiest 
when the dynamics of abiding and 
witnessing are both present— and that 
means when there is a healthy ten- 
sion in the church. 

We need the disconcerting voices that 
come late in the day of a convention 
or vestry meeting, at inconvenient 
and awkward times in public life. 

The first 50 days 

They may not be heard or heeded. 
But without them, the still, small 
voice of truth is dulled in the sounds 
of silence. 

And we need the constancy of those 
who abide, who stay with the church 
in good years and bad, whose testi- 
mony of abiding love speaks as elo- 
quently as prophetic words forgotten 
years before. J. S. Holmes' parliamen- 
tary efforts may have failed. But his 
life was clearly a victory. ■ 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rector 
of the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Hill and a regular columnist for The 

Thankful for your partnership 





Dear Friends: 

Since the first of the year I have led 
Retreats for the ECW and Clergy of 
the Diocese, one for the Sandhills 
Convocation, one for the Northeast 
Convocation, and one for the Women 
of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

I have made eighteen visitations (as of 
February 20th), presided over my first 
Council Meeting (as Diocesan), my 
first Convention, my first Conference 
Center Board Meeting and Thompson 
Home Board Meeting, and met with 
the Judicatory Heads of most of the 
major church groups in North Caro- 

In these first two months I have 
realized again what a great Diocese 
we have. Bishop Putnam, Retired 
Bishop of Navajoland, who is assisting 
me on a temporary basis, has found 
this and commented on it too. 

Of course there are challenges and 
needs to be met. In each of our con- 
gregations, worship, pastoral care, 
education, evangelism and service are 
the ingredients of the church's life 
and outreach. These demand our 
best— and they often stretch us to our 

On an icy Saturday at The Confer- 
ence Center, fifty-two Senior Wardens 
(out of sixty-seven who had hoped to 
come) gave me another reason to feel 
optimistic about our life together. 
Their spirits were high and their en- 
thusiasm about the work of ministry 
that we share was infectious. 

So it goes after my first fifty days. I 
can only echo St. Paul's words to the 
Christians at Philippi: 

/ thank my God in all my remembrance 
of you, always in every prayer of mine 
for you all making my prayer with joy, 
thankful for your partnership in the gos- 
pel from the first day until now. 
(Philippians 1:3-5) 

Page 14— The Communicant— February/March 1983 

mm cte 


at & small: 


I have something of a personal nature 
that I want to share with you. I be- 
lieve it has everything to do with 
Christian Social Ministries or out- 
reach, although at first, such may not 
seem to be the case. 

I have friends who tell me that they 
have direct communication with Jesus 
or God. Some even tell me that they 
are personally acquainted with Jesus. 
It is difficult for me to know how to 
respond to these experiences, except 
to say that I am truly happy for them. 
Yet, I am left not understanding, for I 
have to confess to you that I have 
never had a personal encounter with 
either Jesus or God, and to be perfect- 
ly honest, I don't expect to. Some- 
times this can be a little embarras- 

For example, a woman came into my 
office a couple of months ago and 
said that Jesus had sent her to see 
me. Now, since I am in the business, 
so to speak, it would have been nice 
if I could have said, "Yes, I know, he 
told me you'd probably be dropping 
by." But such was not the case. So, 
alas, I am stuck in a relationship with 
God which is, at best, nebulous; and 
with each passing year it seems more 
and more to defy any kind of defini- 
tive description. 

In 'cowboy language,' I don't get any 
clear messages from God. Further- 
more, I'm not sure I get any mes- 
sages. Sometimes I think God is like 
Old Man River— "he must know 
something, but he don't say nothing." 

Now this used to bother me, but not 
any more— and for two reasons. First 
and foremost, I believe in God, even 
if he doesn't want to have personal 
chats with me. Second, since I have 
had the courage to admit my non-per- 
sonal relationship, more and more 
people say to me, "Why, I didn't 
know you felt that way— that's how J 
think; that's what / believe." So it is 
to these people that I would like to 
address the remainder of my 

My first thought is to suggest that 
there is something missing from the 
Gospel— necessarily so, but still miss- 
ing. I first began to understand this 
about ten or fifteen years ago while' 
reading Martin Buber. It has to do 
with what obviously had to have 
gone on between Jesus and those 
with whom he came in contact— disci- 

—this is the Lord speaking! I want 

you all to get to bed early tonight 

You're going to have a big day 


pies, friends, whomever— a sort of 
magic that defies description. Es- 
pecially written description. It is the 
kind of magic that, finally, can only 
be acknowledged. Nevertheless, it is 
the invisible power of the Gospel 
which continues to both attract and 
fascinate so many people, myself 

As an illustration: I used to have a 
small cattle farm. And on this cattle 
farm there was what we called a 
catch pen, which is simply two fences 
running parallel to each other about 
two feet apart. The idea is to get the 
cow in the catch pen, where a kind of 
brace holds his neck so he can't 
move, in order that he might be de- 
horned, de-ticked, or sprayed. 

Now the problem is, you can't just 
suggest to a cow that he might want 
to step into the catch pen. They don't 
do that. So you need another device, 
known as a- corral, which is simply 
two fences that run at angles into the 
catch pen. As the cows move forward 
into the corral, they soon find them- 
selves in the catch pen. One way to 
put this is to say that the corral sets 
the cows up for the catch pen— the 
action— the way Advent sets us up for 

Now, to stay with the analogy, Gos- 
pel stories like: 

When you did it unto the least of 
these my brethren, you did it unto 

Feed my sheep, tend my lambs; 

It is harder for a rich man to get 

" Sometimes I 
think God is like 
Old Man River- 
he must know 
something, but 
he don't say 

into the Kingdom of Heaven than 
a camel through the eye of a 

To him who much has been given, 
much is required; 

become the fence, or the corral 
points. They are not the action, but 
point to when and where the action 
can and may happen. 

So, what is the action for which the 
Gospel has set us up? I said that it 
was magic, that it defied description. 
I believe this. But I also believe that, 
on occasion, events happen which, al- 
though in and of themselves are not 
the magic, somehow contain the ma- 
gic. I would like to share three such 
events with you which I believe serve 
this function. 

I spent some time in the St. Luke's 
Soup Kitchen in Atlanta prior to set- 
ting up soup kitchens in our diocese, 
and a friend of mine there told me 
this interesting story. He said that one 
time a man asked one of the women 
instrumental in starting their soup kit- 
chen, "When did you know that you 
had it made— that it was going to be a 
success?" She replied, "When we no 
longer looked on the street people as 
objects of our ministry, but began to 
see them as the subject of ministry. " 

My mother was a Lloyd Douglas buff. 
One of his books is The Magnificent 
Obsession, and she used to talk about 
it a lot. The book's central figure was 
a doctor by the name of Hudson. Dr. 
Hudson was quite well off. His afflu- 
ence weighed heavily on him, causing 

him to want to share with others. He 
would hear of someone who needed 
help and he would respond anony- 
mously. Most of the time the ano- 
nymity was not discovered. However, 
one person whom he had helped 
through college inadvertently found 
out the identity of his benefactor. He 
sought him out and said, "Dr. Hud- 
son, I know that you helped me 
through college, and I would like to 
pay you back because I now have the 
money." "You don't understand," 
Dr. Hudson replied. "You can't give 
it back to me because I have used it 
all up." 

I had a professor in seminary who 
told us one day that there were four 
stages of giving, which he then pro- 
ceeded to illustrate. "The first stage is 
like a man who stands up in church 
and says, 'Hey everybody, look! I'm 
putting a hundred dollar bill in the of- 
fering!' The second stage is when the 
same man puts the hundred dollar 
bill in the offering, but does not an- 
nounce the fact. However, he makes 
it convenient somehow for someone to 
find out. The third stage is when he 
puts the hundred dollar bill in the of- 
fering, and neither makes the an- 
nouncement nor makes it convenient 
that someone find out. But he feels so 
righteous. ' ' 

With that the seminary professor 
changed the subject and started talk- 
ing about something else. One of the 
students interrupted him, saying, 
"Now wait a minute, didn't you say 
that there were four stages of giving?" 
"That's right," the professor replied. 
"Well then, what's the fourth stage?" 
"Who knows?" the teacher replied. 

These stories and many others are 
very important to me. Without them, 
I believe I would lose my religious di- 
mension because they keep remind- 
ing me, in today's world, that the 
Good News is simply nothing more, 
nor less, than the gift of Jesus' life- 
style. I would be less than honest if I 
did not say that I worry that we in 
the Church pay more attention to 
adoring this lifestyle than emulating it. 

Finally, I hope these stories hold ma- 
gic for some of you. That being the 
case, then maybe you and I have just 
had a religious experience. Who 
knows? ■ 

The Rev. Lex Sterner Mathews is direc- 
tor of Christian Social Ministries for the 
Diocese of North Carolina. He made 
these remarks in his address to the 
167th Diocesan Convention in January. 

The Communicant— February/March 1983— Pagi 

Photo by Tony Rumple 

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The Newspaper of the Episco 

Vol.74, No. 3 

Deacon serves 
at bar and altar 

RALEIGH— If you want Antoinette 
Wike, chances are you'll find her 
either in front of a bench or behind 
an altar. Wike, the diocese's newest 
deacon is also an attorney on the 
Public Staff of the N.C. Utilities 
Commission. She was ordained by 
Bishop Estill at Raleigh's Christ 
Church on Monday, April 25. 

Only the second women to be 
ordained to the deaconate in the 
history of the diocese, Wike plans to 
continue her work representing 
consumers before the state's Utilities 
Commission while she gains ex- 
perience representing Christ as a 
servant of those in need. 

A 1974 graduate of the UNC Law 
School in Chapel Hill, Wike began 
her work with the commission in 
1975. At about the same time, she 
experienced a reawakening of her 
interest in the church, largely as a 
result of the preaching she was 
exposed to at Christ Church. 

Initially drawn back to the church by 
the music, Wike says she stayed 
because of the words. "I stayed at 
Christ Church because of the theology 
that came out of the preaching about 
what it means to talk about the word 
of God and to relate the biblical 
message to the human condition." 

She left the Utilties Commission in 
1979 to attend Duke Divinity School 
and the Virginia Theological Seminary 
in preparation for ordination. She re- 
sumed her law practice last May 
upon completion of her studies. Wike 
plans to continue her work with the 
commission at the same time that she 

provides the church with a voluntary 
ministry of service. 

"It's the ancient model of Christian 
ministry," Estill explains. "The New 
Testament calls it a tentmaking 
ministry because that was the way St. 
Paul supported himself— he earned 
his living outside of the church. Tony 
will continue her work as a lawyer 
and address her ministry to the needs 
of the city and the community." 

Ordination to the deaconate normally 
precedes ordination to the priesthood. 
Unlike priests, deacons are normally 
not permitted to administer the 
eucharist or pronounce absolution. 
The deaconate emphasizes a ministry 
of service to the poor and the needy, 
and the diocese requires a year of 
such service before candidates can 
seek ordination to the priesthood. 

While she plans to seek ordination to 
the priesthood next spring, Wike is 
looking forward to combining her law 
practice with her new ecclesiastical 
responsibilities, and expects that her 
work on the commission will enhance 
and enrich her work in the parish. 

"I hope that my being a minister of 
the church will also be a witness to 
the people here that the church is 
relevant to their lives and that the 
Christian hope is something real and 
visible ," Wike says. 

"I like the image of a window," she 
explains. "A window through which 
people can look for a vision of hope 
and the church can see places its 
work needs to be done." ■- 

North Carolina 


April 1983 



Photo by Jim Erickson 

Churchwomen favor nuclear freeze 

GREENSBORO-More than 200 
women met at Holy Trinity Church 
here April 26 and 27 for the 101st 
Annual Meeting of the Episcopal 

In a legislative session which sparked 
very little discussion, delegates ap- 
proved legislation which 

■called upon the North Carolina 
Senate to endorse "a verifiable mutu- 
al nuclear weapons freeze" in accor- 
dance with similar legislation adopted 
by the Church's General Convention 
in New Orleans last September; 

■urged the promotion of efforts "to 
protest and combat (the) evil trend of 

pornography," also in concurrence 
with action taken by the General 
Convention; t 

■and established a fund for the con- 
struction of a youth facility at the Di- 
ocesan Conference Center and provid- 
ed $2,250 as an initial contribution. 

In related business, delegates approv- 
ed a series of constitutional resolu- 
tions necessitated by recent changes 
in the diocesan canons as passed by 
the 167th Convention last January. 

Delegates gathered in Greensboro 
from chapters throughout the diocese 
as the venerable women's organiza- 
tion marked the beginning of its 

second century of service in North 
Carolina with a series of addresses by 
church leaders on the theme, "Go 
Forth Into the World." 

In her first address as President, May 
Coleman challenged the church- 
women to offer themselves to God 
and to others. "Each of us has special 
abilities that are needed," Coleman 
explained. "Not to use them is to 
bury your talent, as did the servant in 
the parable. We cannot rest until the 
fruit of God's earth is shared in a 
way that befits His human family. 

"There is no greater comfort to me 
than to know of the commitment, en- 
ergy and enthusiasm that I find 

among the women of the Diocese. 
What God has given us, we do return 
to Him, each in our own way and in 
our own time as only we can," Cole- 
man said. "The Lord will guide our 
steps as we go forth into the world." 

Coleman's challenge was seconded by 
the Rt. Rev. Hunley Elebash in his 
sermon during the worship service 
Tuesday night. Introduced by Bishop 
Estill as "Bishop from that Diocese 
that is East of Eden," Elebash re- 
minded the congregation that ministry 
requires no special wisdom. "We are 
simply beggars telling other beggars 
where they may find food," explained 



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Episcopal bishops call for an end 
to U.S. covert action in Nicaragua 

NEW YORK— Three Episcopal bishops, af- 
ter a tour of Nicaragua, have called upon 
the President of the United States to open a 
dialogue with that country's rulers, halt 
all aid to counter-revolutionary forces, and 
begin a relief and assistance program In 
Central America. 

The bishops' Journey and call follows a 
Feb. 10 Executive Council resolution call- 
ing for cessation of all acts of violence in 
Nicaragua and establishment of interna- 
tional dialogue over the issues embroiling 
that country. 

Bishop John T. Walker of Washington, 
Bishop H. Coleman McGehee of Michigan, 
and Bishop George N. Hunt of Rhode Is- 
land made the appeal in an open letter to 
President Reagan after a late March visit 
during which they met with church lead- 
ers, government authorities and foreign 
diplomats and spent time among the con- 
gregations on the Atlantic Coast. In their 
letter they asserted that they made the call 
"because we came away believing that 
there is yet time to influence the leaders of 
the revolution." 

Without a dialogue, they suggest, "our 
worst fears may become self-fulfilling 

They explained that they chose the open 
letter format because their conversations 
had led them to conclude "that the vast 
majority of people In Nicaragua" want dia- 
logue both among the differing factions 
and between the U.S. and Nicaraguan gov- 
ernments. At least two major groups op- 
pose the Marxist government, and one- 
composed largely of soldiers from the for- 
mer regime — allegedly has received most of 
its support from U.S. intelligence opera- 

In commenting on the bishops' action, 
Hunt agreed that the Nicaraguan govern- 
ment "is certainly working out of basic 
Marxist principles," but he asserted that 
foes of the regime were "uniformly treated 
In a most humane fashion. What perme- 
ates the air Is an obvious and genuine con- 
cern for the people of the country." He 
stated that many Nlcaraguans were dissat- 
isfied with the current regime— especially 
in bringing about reform— "we met ab- 
solutely no one who wanted a return to the 
Samoslstas (former government)." 

"Far be it from us to presume that we are 
more knowledgeable than those who are re- 
sponsible for our nation's foreign policy," 
the letter concludes. "Nor are we naive 
about the importance of the threat of 
marxism or the influence of other commu- 
nist governments in Nicaragua. We do be- 
lieve that through dialogue we may have a 
positive effect on Nicaragua and on the 
other nations of Central America. Absent 
any dialogue we may find that our worst 
fears may become a self-fulfilling pro- 

Two Churches celebrate 
their common heritage 

RALEIGH— United Methodists from the 
North Carolina Conference joined with 
Episcopalians of the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina Thursday, March 3 to celebrate their 
common heritage. The date for the service 
of worship and communion was chosen be- 
cause March 3 is the Feast Day of John 
and Charles Wesley in the Episcopal 
Church calendar. 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580). 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

Bishop William R. Cannon, of the Raleigh 
area, was invited by the Rt. Rev. Robert W. 
Estill, bishop of the Episcopal Diocese, to 
preach during this historical service at St. 
Michael's Episcopal Church. According to 
Cannon, "It is the first time a Methodist 
and Episcopalian bishop have joined to- 
gether to lead their people in worship in 
North Carolina." 

Cannon, Chairperson of the Executive 
Committee of the World Methodist Council 
and one of the world's leading authorities 
on John Wesley, spoke of the Wesley s' 
ministry in his sermon. "Just as surely as 
the apostles were commissioned by the 
Lord Jesus Christ to preach the gospel and 
to have a ministry in mission among peo- 
ple in the first century so were John and 
Charles Wesley In the 18th century." 

In his words to the congregation of over 
3S0, Estill said, "John and Charles Wesley 
have done it again, in bringing about a re- 
vival of our friendship and kinship to- 

While the service was ecumenical in its 
processional and use of texts prepared by 
the International Consultation on English 
Texts, only the clergy of the Episcopal 
Church administered Holy Communion. 
Estill explained, "Nothing we did tonight 
would be against the doctrine of the Epis- 
copal Church. It was sad that Bishop Can- 
non couldn't help administer Communion. 
It is a reminder of our distinctions. We 
must be true to our own identity and heri- 
tage but must try to share our heritage 
when we can." 

Cannon also expressed his concern that no 
United Methodist clergy were invited to 
help administer the Sacraments. "The two 
chief barriers to Christian unity are the 
failure of churches to recognize the minis- 
terial order of other churches and the in- 
ability of Christians to practice in the Com- 
munion. These two barriers must be sur- 
mounted before any sort of organized mer- 
ger can be considered. As close as the 
Methodists and Episcopalians are, I'm not 
certain that we have surmounted these two 

Hunger workshop pushes 
individual action as goal 

BROWNS SUMMIT— When we get down to 
grappling with the harsh realities of the 
problem, it is just all too easy to dismiss 
hunger as something one person cannot 

That's exactly the kind of thinking Dr. 
David Crean would like to see changed. 
Certainly hunger projects require the ef- 
forts of more than one person, Crean says, 
but that should not stop a single individual 
from trying to take action. 

Such simple myths as: hunger has always 
been part of the human condition, hungry 
people somehow are responsible for their 
plight and the "one person can't do it 
alone" line of thinking helps us avoid the 
real issue, says Crean, who is the National 
Hunger Officer of the Episcopal Church. 

"The problem of hunger stems from hu- 
man action and human inaction — in some 
cases," Crean says. "It's a human situa- 
tion; it can only be solved by human inter- 

With that thought-provoking challenge as 
his primary thesis, Crean captured both 
the imagination and spurred the deter- 
mination of the approximately 60 to 70 
people who gathered on Saturday, March 
26 at the Conference Center at Browns 
Summit for a diocesan-wlde Hunger 

In his keynote address, Crean emphasized 
that there Is no shortage of food in the 
world today if the problem Is viewed in 
worldwide terms. Instead, he said, the 
problem Is getting food into the hands of 
those who need it— particularly people too 
poor to purchase food at prevailing prices 
in their countries. 

When religious people feel called to feed 
the hungry, they must identify with them, 
Crean said. The identification must grow 
out of compassion born of shared suffer- 
ing, not pity born of condescension. 

Such thinking follows the biblical impera- 
tive to feed the hungry as illustrated in the 
ministry of Jesus, Crean said. "The man- 
date could not be more clear," he said, 
"than it is in Christ's life and work." 

Conference scholarships 
available to musicians 

EVERGREEN, Colo.— The famed Evergreen 
Church Music Conference is offering ten 
matching grant scholarships for the first 
time this year for the annual week-long 
conferences that begin July 4 and 11. The 
$100 scholarship must be matched by a 
gift from a sponsor — vestry, group or 
unrelated individual— and the sum of $200 
thus raised will cover all but $20 of the 
participant's on-site expenses. Each ses- 
sion will Include worship, service playing, 
repertoire, choral techniques, anthems, 
hymnody and liturgical music, along with 
sightseeing and tours. Interested appli- 
cants should write to the Conference at 
Box 366, Evergreen, CO 80439. 

Small mission thinks big 
in music and in outreach 

THOMASVILLE— It has only 85 members, 
but there is nothing small about the com- 
mitment of St. Paul's Church to music and 
parish outreach. The congregation here has 
just appointed Ivan Battle, Director of the 
Greensboro Music Academy, to the post of 
organist and choirmaster. A native of 
Greensboro, Battle Is a graduate of UNC-G 
and holds a master's degree in music from 
the University of Kansas, where he is cur- 
rently a candidate for the doctorate in Or- 
gan Performance. He has held several 
church positions in North Carolina and 
Kansas, including the position of assistant 
organist-choirmaster of Greensboro's First 
Presbyterian Church. 

Though small, the Thomasville church has 
been active in its outreach ministry as 
well, and has consistently supported com- 
munity programs In Thomasville and 
Davidson County. Twenty-five percent of 
all congregational expenditures for 1982 
were for work outside the local congrega- 
tion, including the Thomasville churches' 
Community Service Program administered 
by the Salvation Army (there is no Urban 
Ministry here) and the Davidson County 
Domestic Violence Service. A number of St. 
Paul's communicants serve on the boards 
of welfare and social service agencies of the 
area. A similar allocation of funds is plan- 
ned for 1983. 

Charlotte church offers 
a conference on healing 

CHARLOTTE— Dennis and Rita Bennett, In- 
ternationally known authors, speakers and 
teachers will conduct a three-day seminar 
on the "Healing of the Whole Person" at 
St. Christopher' 8 Episcopal Church here 
from May 6-8. 

The Rev. Canon Dennis J. Bennett, Rector 
Emeritus of St. Luke's Episcopal Church in 
Seattle, Washington, Is recognized as one of 
the pioneers in the "charismatic renewal" 
movement. The 1973 Encyclopedia Brit- 
tanlca Yearbook says that the renewal first 
began to spread after Bennet shared his 
own experience with his congregation at 
Van Nuys, California in 1960. His book, 
Nine O'clock In the Morning, which tells 
the story, has been a best-seller for many 
years. Nearly a half-million copies are in 
print in more than sixteen languages. 

Rita Bennett was brought up in Tampa, 
Florida. Following her graduation from 
The University of Florida, she had a career 
in education and child-welfare social work. 

In 1971 the Bennets co-authored the book, 
The Holy Spirit >nd Ton, which has be- 
come a standard textbook on life in the 
Spirit. Some half-million copies are in 
print, in more than twelve languages. 

Registration for their seminar may be 
made through St. Christopher's Church Of- 
fice, (704) 552-2270. 

Page 2— The Communicant— April 1983 


er at work in North 
•Carolina. Announce- 
ments of its death 
may not appear in 
the newspapers for 
30 years, but it is 
doing its dirty work 
slowly and efficient- 
ly. Everyone knows about it and 
some are trying to stop it, but the 
danger continues. Its name? Hazard- 
ous waste. 

Names alone tell part of the story. 
Love Canal in New York. Dioxin in 
Missouri and Michigan. PCB's dump- 
ed in North Carolina. And these are 
only the ones we know about. Behind 
the scenes, the generation and dump- 
ing of hazardous wastes continue in 
our own backyard. 

The figures alone are both staggering 
and confusing, pointing to one prob- 
lem—that no one knows exactly what 
wastes are being produced or in what 
quantities. One study, done by the 
N.C. Department of Human Re- 
sources, reported that 806 industries 
and institutions— including many of 
the state's largest employers and uni- 
versities—generated 1.8 billion 
pounds of hazardous waste in 1981, 
making our state 11th in the nation. 

A second study, based on the state's 
figures and done by a consultant hir- 
ed by the Governor's Waste Manage- 
ment Board, determined that the state 
generated 394 million pounds of 
waste categorized as hazardous by the 
Environmental Protection Agency. 
The differences in the two studies are 
accounted for by the removal of 1.39 
billion pounds of a flammable solvent 
generated in New Hanover County 
from the waste list. 

Despite the differences though, few 
industries are left untouched by haz- 
ardous waste problems. According to 
the state, the largest producer of haz- 
ardous waste is the chemical industry 
with 22 percent, followed by the fur- 
niture industry (13 percent) and tex- 
tiles (12 percent). 

"If you're going to have industrial de- 
velopment, you're going to have in- 
dustrial waste," said Carol Scott, envi- 
ronmental health and safety specialist 
at General Electric in Research Trian- 
gle Park and wife of Taylor Scott, 
Duke University Episcopal chaplain. 
"The people don't want any solution. 
If they protest against treatment facili- 
ties and landfills and go to court and 
have those not allowed, what are we 
going to do with the stuff?" 

Several state and federal agencies are 
trying to answer her question. Gov. 
James B. Hunt, Jr. has imposed an in- 
definite moratorium on hazardous 
waste landfills on the recommenda- 
tion of the Governor's Waste Manage- 
ment Board. Rep. Joe Mavretic, 
D-Edgecombe, has proposed a bill 
that would bar the use of landfills to 
dispose of wastes containing PCB's, 
cyanide compounds, explosives and 
other hazardous wastes. 

"The state is one of the largest gener- 
ators of hazardous wastes in 
America," Mavretic explains. "It has 
to go somewhere. If we don't have 
controlled management then we have 
chaos. The PCB spill is one indicator. 
This is an environmental issue of the 
first magnitude. It affects land, water 
and air." 

What is hazardous waste? It is all 
around you, a byproduct of life in the 
modern age. You have it in your 


house if you have oven cleaner, oil, 
bleach or insecticides. State and feder- 
al governments break hazardous 
waste into four categories: 

Ignitable— that which presents a po- 
tential fire hazard and may spread 
toxic smoke over large areas. Exam- 
ples are solvents, oils, some pesticides 
and paint removers. Those are often 
used in micro-electronics, farming 
and furniture industries, among 

Corrosive— substances that eat away 
material and living tissues. Examples 
are cleaners, battery wastes and spent 
lye. They are used by the automotive 


Reactive — substances potentially capa- 
ble of exploding or reacting when ex- 
posed to air or water or shock. Exam- 
ples: manufacturing wastes from the 
explosives and chemical industries. 

Toxic— poisonous substances that, if 
improperly handled, may be released 
into the environment. Examples are 
pesticides and heavy metals used in 
chemical manufacturing, electronics, 
electroplating and wood preserving. 

Hazardous wastes are the inevitable 
byproducts of most manufacturing 
processes. The furniture industry pro- 

duces various waste solvents that are 
used for cleaning and as paint addi- 
tives, some of which, like benzene, 
can cause leukemia. The chemical in- 
dustry produces formaldehyde, a sus- 
pected carcinogen, which is used for 
manufacturing foams and dyes. The 
electroplating industry produces 
heavy metals such as arsenic, barium 
and lead. 

Because hazardous wastes are so 
prevalent today, they are everyone's 
problem, officials say. 

"There are carcinogens in oil, but do 


The Communicant— April 1983— Page 3 


we stop using motor oil?' ' asked ' Vil- 
liam L. Meyer, environmental engi- 
neer with the state Solid and Hazard- 
ous Waste Branch. "The risks are 
there on a day-to-day basis and they 
are accepted by society. So if you 
want zero risk . . . well, that's not 

The problem is widespread. In 1981 
waste was generated in 70 of the 
state's 100 counties, according to the 
state report. Fifty-seven million 
pounds of highly flammable sub- 
stances such as solvents, alcohols and 
ketones were produced in 1981, 20.5 
percent in Guilford County and 19.4 
percent in Mecklenburg County. 
Cleveland County produced 66.6 per- 
cent of the state's 54.6 million pounds 
of toxic metals, such as cadmium. A 
county-by-county ranking of hazard- 
ous waste generators has not been 
done since the first state report in 
1981, in which New Hanover was 
listed as the state's largest generator. 
Because 1.4 billion pounds was taken 
off the list since the report, the lead- 
ing county probably is Wake, which, 
at the time of the state report, gener- 
ated 202 million pounds, followed by 

New ethic 
is needed 
to inform 
land use 

"Stewardship has become the good 
use of time, money, and talents to 
further the Church's work in saving 
souls rather than a stewardship of all 
that God has entrusted to us, in- 
cluding the land. Dominion has been 
taken for granted, and little discussion 
is devoted to how it relates to Crea- 

"Although many people may accept 
their individual responsibility to be 
good stewards, they question whether 
the Church should have anything to 
do with political and social action to 
bring about a new land ethic and ef- 
fect positive change. However, the 
Church as a body cannot so easily be 
separated from the individuals that 
make it up. 

"One good reason why the Church 
must address the problems of land 
stewardship is because the Church 
itself owns so much property. The 
Church is called to make a proper use 
of that land as a good example to the 
rest of society. Neither can the 
Church fail to speak out prophetically 
against society's abuse of land. The 
Church must raise its voice against 
the abuse of Creation, because Crea- 
tion can not speak for itself, at least 
not until ecological disasters of local 
or global consequence are upon us. 

"Governments are stewards of road- 
ways, parks, forest lands, waterways, 
wilderness areas, and buildings. Mu- 
nicipal and county planning and zon- 
ing boards make recommendations 
regarding the zoning and subdivision 
of land. The resulting decisions made 
by city councils and boards of com- 
missioners affect the lives of us all 
and can radically alter the nature and 
quality of the communities, neighbor- 

Cleveland County with 36 million 

Last year, the EPA compiled a list of 
167 possible hazardous waste sites, in- 
cluding industrial plants, military 
bases, municipal and county landfills 
and abandoned garbage dumps. That 
list was later reduced to seven, after 
officials checked each of the dumps 
to determine whether there were any 
hazardous wastes dumped there. It 
was determined that they did not 
pose a threat to public health or the 

But state officials and environmental- 
ists remain concerned about the prob- 
lems of waste disposal. And it is clear 
that there are no easy answers. 

Because North Carolina's industrial 
growth occurred much later than that 
of states like California and New Jer- 
sey, "We don't have the problems 
that they have had," explains Claud 
"Buck" O'Shields, Jr., chairman of 
the Governor's Waste Management 

"Their biggest problem comes from 
things that happened 30 to 40 years 
ago. This state developed industry a 

whole lot later than they did. But in- 
dustries have to look at the waste by- 
products they generate. They can't do 
today what they did five years ago, 
which might have been to dump it 
down the drain. They have to pre- 
sume it is bad unless proven other- 

Many of the state's industries are 
closely regulated from within and dis- 
pose of their waste safely. Others do 
not, causing what one state official 
called a land of "little Love Canals." 

"Warren County taught us a number 
of lessons," said Richard N. Andrews 
of the Institute of Environmental 
Studies at the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill. "It focused 
attention on one problem with no 
good solutions. PCB's are far from the 
most used chemicals in the state. 
And, it made the point a serious 

"The bad news is that a lot of hazard- 
ous waste is stored in pits and la- 
goons and such, on-site. Many of 
those pits and lagoons do not measure 
up to the standards of Warren Coun- 
ty, and they pose a risk to ground 
water far greater than that posed by 
those PCB's." There are no active 

hoods, and farms where we live. 

"If we do not voice our opinions, 
then by silent acquiescence we agree 
with the decision-makers. Our re- 
sponsibility to God does not allow for 
apathy; we must think and act differ- 
ently in regard to the land and advo- 
cate good management practices by 
our congregations, our local and state 
governments, business and industry." 
—The Land Stewardship Council 

It is precisely these convictions about the 

Church's role that gave rise to the for- 
mation of the Land Stewardship Council 
of North Carolina in 1980. It has since 
gained the support of the broad Jewish- 
Christian community of North Carolina, 
and stands ready to assist congregations 
in exercising their biblical and civic 
obligations to support good land 
management practices. Further informa- 
tion and a syllabus for congregational 
study groups can be obtained from the 
Land Stewardship Council of North 
Carolina, 501 Six Forks Road, Raleigh, 
NC 27609. 

landfills now, state officials*said. 

According to the consultant's report, 
of the 394 million pounds generated 
in North Carolina, 262.6 million 
pounds were treated, stored or dis- 
posed of on-site and 135.9 million 
pounds were shipped off-site, either 
to in-state treatment facilities (58.5 
million pounds) or out of state (77.9 
million pounds). Meanwhile, 40 mil- 
lion pounds were stored in-state, 
either in barrels, tanks or surface im- 

The figures exclude small genera- 
tors—those with less than 26,400 
pounds of hazardous waste per year. 
"But small amounts can be hazardous 
depending on where it is," Andrews 
said. "The small generator has less 
staff to deal with it and it is most 
likely to end up in municipal land- 
fills. I worry about the small genera- 

Anyone who generates more than the 
26,400 pounds a year has to fill out 
pages of federal reports, and all gen- 
erators are required by federal law to 
practice legal disposal. The problem 
for the public comes when companies 
decide that illegal dumping is less 
expensive. ■ 

Low cost 
prove too 

About three 55-gallon drums of photo- 
resistant waste are generated at Gen- 
eral Electric in Research Triangle 
Park every year. Flammable, photo- 
resistant waste is a byproduct in the 
manufacturing of micro-electronic cir- 

For $150 a drum, they can be trucked 
to the EPA-approved landfill in Em- 
elle, Alabama. They can be buried 
and out of sight. General Electric' s re- 
sponsibility would be ended. 

Instead, the company sends them to 
New Jersey, where they are incinerat- 
ed at a cost of $1,000 per drum. 

"We burn it because we feel very 
strongly that to put it into a landfill is 
no solution to the problem," said 
Carol Scott, environmental health and 
safety specialist at GE. "GE can af- 
ford to do that. But if you have a per- 
sonal decision to spend $150 for 
something or $1,000 and both are per- 
fectly legal, what would you do?' ' 

GE primarily produces highly flam- 
mable solvents, 2,000 gallons a year, 
tops. Because of her position, Ms. 
Scott knows what comes into the 
plant and what goes out. GE avoids 
landfills because of the possibility that 
even the best landfills might leak ev- 
entually and because using landfills 
doesn't get rid of the waste. 

"Landfills should be made economi- 
cally undesirable so that only irreduc- 
ible residues end up there," she said. 
"If you can pay $150 for a 55-gallon 
drum in the landfill and it's legal, 
what incentive do you have not to 
put it in the landfill?" 

Page 4— The Communicant— April 1983 

On Becoming 


The Adult Conference 


/ June 16-19, 1983 

7 Diocesan Conference Center 
• ^Browns Summit, N.C. 

Adult Conference 1983— 

for clergy and laypersons to explore 
the Bible, liturgy, and heritage of the Church 
to enable full response to God's call to mission. 

The Rev. Harry H. Pritchett, Jr., Keynoter 
Rector of All Saints Church, Atlanta; former 
director of field education, St Luke's Semi- 
nary, Sewanee; author of Patterns for Parish Ministry 
and "God is a Surprise" 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill, Chaplain 
Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina 

Cost per person: $99. 

Registration forms available through your local parish. 

For further information contact: Mrs. Patricia Graetz, Registrar 

1101 Onslow Drive, Greensboro, NC 27408. 

The Communicant— April 1983— Pagi 


m W great deal to prayer, self- 
m^£ discipline, and cruise con- 
m ^ trol. (Bishop Fraser, who 
sAm bL has had repeated oppor- 
tunities for evangelism among the 
North Carolina Highway Patrol, has a 
fuzz-buster. Perhaps this can close the 
canon on comparisons between the 

Estill drives along Interstate 40 at ex- 
actly 58 miles per hour. And while he 
drives he dictates, composes sermons, 
or, with glances at the road and excel- 
lent peripheral vision, reads memos 
from his secretary, looks through 
files, scans letters, or reads the Daily 
Office. ("I don't read the lections, of 
course. I've already done that at 
home. Reading the Bible while driv- 
ing down 1-40 can be hazardous to 
your health.") 

The bishop knows a lot about Inter- 
state 40. It is the center aisle of his di- 
ocese. He knows the traffic patterns 
at different times of the day, different 
days of the week. The cathedra of the 
Bishop of North Carolina is upholster- 
ed in vinyl and has a steering wheel 
in front of it. Visiting the people is a 
charge Estill already takes very seri- 
ously. And it is the part of his job he 
seems to like best. 

ule this Sunday. He is to visit 
only two churches, make a 
hospital visit, and attend an 
evening meeting. There is in 
the briefcase a stack of mail, and an- 
swers must be dictated and ready for 
his secretary to type by Monday 
morning, when he will be tied up all 
day with orientation for new clergy in 
the diocese. 

The first service is at 11:00, three and 
a half hours from Estill's breakfast 

the course of a day's visitations he 
shakes hundreds of hands and hears 
dozens of personal stories. 

There is a moment to rest before the 
service. He and the rector have gone 
over the minutiae of who would do 
what, which musical cues indicated 
what liturgical action, who would car- 
ry the crozier. Some liturgical 
churches are less alike than others, 

The cathedra of 
the Bishop of 
North Carolina 
is upholstered 
in dark vinyl 
and has a 
steering wheel. 

and though the shape of the liturgy 
may be the same wherever the bish- 
op goes, the furbelows vary widely 
enough that no one could just para- 
chute in and still have things run 
smoothly. They settle the question of 
vestments: rochet and chimere for 
this larger church with the traditional 
nave; the more ceremonial cope and 
mitre will be added for the cinder 
block mission he will visit later this 

The priest in charge leaves the bishop 
alone to rest after his three-hour 
drive, but the episcopal adrenalin is 
already flowing. 

"Well, I guess I'll go out and press 
some flesh. ' ' He introduces himself to 
a group of teenagers hovering shyly 

He nears the city and fishes around 
in his briefcase for the appropriate 
folder. His secretary, Libbie Ward, 
has it well organized: directions to the 
church, where he will confirm twenty 
adults and young people; names of 
the rector's wife and children; a note 
that he is expected for lunch; and 
copies of letters from anyone in the 
parish with current pastoral concerns 
or business with the bishop's office. 

This is a larger parish, not one of 
those he tended as Coadjutor, so it is 
his first visit. He's a bit nervous- 
eager, it seems, to make a good im- 
pression. But not even a cynical old 
observer of politicians and university 
presidents can dismiss that as a mat- 
ter of vanity. The people of any given 
Episcopal church will be predisposed 
to like the bishop. Estill seems genu- 
inely concerned to let them know he 
cares about them. And, strangely, one 
genuinely believes that he does. In 

outside the rector's study. "Hi. I'm 
Bob Estill." In a minute they are talk- 
ing about school and laughing. Only 
the adults and the rector are nervous 
about the episcopal visit. The bishop 
and the kids are fine. 

His sermon is well received. "That 
was interesting," says one man, out 
of the bishop's earshot. "I thought he 
would just have a canned sermon that 
he preached everywhere. He wrote 
that one just for this morning's les- 
sons. And he's so friendly." 

Actually, the people who give advice 
to bishops on bishopcraft suggest a 
standard sermon, but Estill found that 
deadening. "I can do a lot better 
when I have to deal with the propers 
every week. We shouldn't expect less 
from bishops than from priests in that 
regard. Something may have happen- 
ed in my life, or I may have read 
something recently that will enable 

me to preach that lesson in a new 



/W Somehow, with almost 
^^M every opportunity to 
^^^^k meet the people comes 
jM* Jk* an invitation to eat their 
food. After the service there is the 
standard punch-and-munchie, meet- 
the-bishop gathering in the parish 
hall. Estill stands far from the refresh- 
ment table and stays busy. 

In the two-hour drive from one parish 
to another, there is more time to dic- 
tate, listen to tapes (Wagner, Puccini, 
and Dave Brubeck), and talk about 
his notion of the role of a bishop and 
plans for his episcopacy. 

His notion of what makes a good 
bishop is the same as what he thinks 
makes a good priest: "He or she 
should be a person of prayer. That's 
very important. It's an important part 
of my life. I'm a priest associate of 
the Order of the Holy Cross [which 
means, among other things, that he 
has promised to be diligent in praying 
the Daily Offices]. And the person 
should read and study. Every summer 
on vacation I read one chapter of the 
New Testament in my mediocre 
Greek. It's an excellent discipline, 
and it really makes me feel closer to 
the words, and the Word." 

Counseling, with individuals and with 
parishes, has provided some of the 
most satisfying and some of the most 

Visiting the 
people is a 
charge that the 
bishop takes 
very seriously J 
And it's the pc 
of his job he 
likes best. 


of i 

I in 
1 r, bi 
i lion 
I hi 

difficult moments of Estill's episc 

"I love dealing with the people, j 
ting to know the people. But son* 
times the bishop doesn't get invo 
in a parish unless the situation h< 
gotten sticky. The thing I like lea 
about this job is dealing with a si 
tion of the involuntary terminatic 
clergy. But I hope we're institutu 
the kind of services within the di 
cese that will keep things from 1 
to that point." 

There are crisis consultants and I 
cancy consultants in the diocese 
have been very successful in hel] 
parishes and individual priests w 
through problems before they be 
crises. Estill encouraged that pro] 
as Coadjutor, and has himself be 


Page 6— The Communicant— April 1983 

ng with one of the trained con- 
ts during his transition to Dioce- 

ikes no point more adamantly 
hat the role of a bishop is "first 
iremost to be involved with 
)f the congregations and not just 
in Raleigh or being an adminis- 
but being involved in the con- 
ions and their life, in both a 
:al and a sacramental way, and 
involved in the communities." 


m J I ternoon baptism with ten 
AW minutes and four teaspoons 
m * g of gasoline to spare. This 
JLm^H is a smaller church, one 
of the missions which was in his bai- 
liwick as Coadjutor. He's been here 
plenty of times before, and he knows 
many of the people. They chat ami- 
ably; there is less small talk and more 
of the occasional pressing of an indi- 

vidual agenda. 

Estill has learned that, as bishop, he 
has less freedom "to horse around." 
As a priest, there was more time to 
sit around and swap stories. Now 
everyone has a little agenda, and if 
they get to see the bishop only so of- 
ten, Estill says he can't really blame 
them for wanting to make sure he 
hears it. 

He is leisurely and relaxed in conver- 
sation, a gracious guest who stays 
across the room from the table of 
food which everyone else was hover- 

Sometimes the 
bishop doesn't 
get involved in 
a parish unless 
the situation has 
gotten sticky. 
The thing he 
likes least about 
the job is dealing 
with the 
termination of 

ing around. "I just have to pretend 
that the food doesn't exist," he ex- 
plains later. (He had let himself gain a 
few extra pound in his episcopal 
rounds, and now he is able to keep 
them off by "running and pumping 

The people in the church who are 
familiar with the bishop's proclivities 
periodically come up to him with the 
latest score of the Redskins/Cowboys 
playoff. This game is not one of mere- 
ly passing interest. The former rector 
of St. Michael and All Angels in Dal- 
las is crucially interested in his for- 
mer "home team." But the bishop is 
listening to a woman talk about a pro- 
posed ECW retreat in the summer 
and a man comes up to say the sec- 
ond half has just started. The bishop 
keeps listening with interest, and, 
when she is through planning one of 
his Thursdays in July, he turns to talk 
to the next person in line for his time. 

When he leaves to go on to his hospi- 
tal visit and an evening meeting, it is 
well into the fourth quarter. A man 
kneels to kiss his ring as he leaves. 

In the car, fiddling with the radio and 
searching for a filling station on the 
way to the Interstate, he admits that 
"it stills feels a little weird" when 
someone kisses his ring. "So many of 
my friends do it for a joke," he says, 
"that I never know whether to laugh 
or smile beatifically. I realize they're 
just showing respect for the office, 
though, so I just try to receive it 

Estill is not yet comfortable with hav- 
ing a fuss made over him. A southern 
gentleman to the core, he insists— 
even while toting the handbag with 
his vestments, his briefcase, and the 
carrying case for his three-piece, cus- 
tom-made, collapsible crozier— on 
opening doors for the woman who is 
riding with him. She, a nearly mid- 
dle-aged lifelong Episcopalian, keeps 
trying to open doors for the bishop, 
and it has been a day of courteous 
Alphonse and Gaston routines. 

^jr *m* E'S ON HIS WAY HOME 

M m now, and it's as dark as 
»■■■» it was when he started 
m m out in the morning. By 

<m <jL the dashboard "cour- 
tesy light" he glances at his appoint- 
ment calendar from the preceding 
week and dictates his "weekly read- 
er," a memo to his staff about what 
he did during the preceding seven 
days. The other people who work at 
the Diocesan House are presumably 
doing the same, though perhaps not 
at the end of a 15-hour work day 
while driving home on 1-40 at exactly 
58 miles per hour. 

The cruise control and the self-disci- 
pline have served him well. Three of 
the cars that blast by are later seen 
stopped by the side of the road, bask- 
ing in revolving blue light; and he has 
during the whole day ingested a 
couple of stuffed mushrooms, one 
piece of crab quiche, black coffee, 
spinach salad, and white wine. He 
pretended that the chocolate ice 
cream pie with whipped cream and 
nut topping was not there, and he 
likewise ignored a few thousand calo- 
ries which beckoned to him from the 
receptions at the churches he visited. 

After the hospital and the meeting, 
he'll go home for a late supper with 
his wife, Joyce, a bit more paper 
work, and evening prayer. 

Estill has between ten and twenty 
more years of this to look forward to, 
and he knows that not all the days 
will be filled with quiche and cook- 
ies. Though he will probably push 
more paper and press less flesh than 
he would prefer, he is eager and 
plainly excited about his work. He 
believes he can be chief priest and 
pastor to the people while North 
Carolina continues to be one of the 
best-managed dioceses in the country. 

And so far he's cruising right 

The Communicant— April 1983— Pagi 

We'll make 



together ... at the 1983 

Music and 
Worship Camp 
for Children 

Sponsored by the Commission on Liturgy and Worship 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

When: June 19-24, 1983 

WhctC: The Conference Center of the Diocese of North Carolina, Browns Summit, N.C. 

For: Boys and Girls completing Grades 3 through 6 

Cost: $110 includes room & board, registration, and arts & crafts fees 

Deadline for registration: Noon, June 6, 1983 

•regular choir practice 

•daily worship 

•arts and crafts 

•nature study 

•music instruction 

•Bible study classes 



•Festival Eucharist 



Clip and mail this coupon TODAY 
to register your child for this exciting experience! 

Registration FOtm 1983 Music and Worship Camp for Children 

Registration fee of $10 must accompany registration form. Make check payable to: Conference 
Center. Balance of fee ($100) is due at beginning of camp. Please do not send entire fee with 
registration form. You will be sent a medical release form for each camper as soon as we receive 
completed registration form. 

Name(s) of camper(s) 




Parish or Mission 

Parent's name 

Grade(s) just completed. 


. Parent's signature 

Musical skills/training, if any" 

Because of the nature of our camp, it is important that your child likes to sing. Musical skilis or training are not required 
and your child need not be in a children's choir. 

Registration Deadline: June 6th 

Send registration form and $10 fee to: The Reverend Philip R. Byrum 

P.O. Box 657 

Albemarle, NC 28001 
^■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■^■■■■■■■■■■■■■^^■■■■■■■■■■■■ ^M M^Bl 

Page 8— The Communicant— April 1983 

In the winner's circle 

Newspaper cited for excellence 

Diocesan Press Service 

BOSTON— Two Anglican newspapers- 
one national and one diocesan publi- 
cation—captured many of the top jour- 
nalism awards given by the Associ- 
ated Church Press at its annual con- 
vention here in mid-April. 

The Communicant of the Diocese of 
North Carolina and The Canadian 
Churchman of the Anglican Church 
of Canada were winners once again 
in the press competition held each 
year under the auspices of the Asso- 
ciated Church Press, the nation's 
oldest professional organization for 
religious publications. 

The Canadian Church's national 
monthly won the general excellence 
award for newspapers for the third 
consecutive year while The Com- 
municant received four merit 

Founded to promote higher standards 
in church journalism, the Associated 
Church Press represents 134 religious 
magazines and newspapers with a 
combined circulation of 12 million 
readers nationwide. 

The Communicant, a consistent win- 
ner in recent years, was cited for best 
cover in black and white, best front 
page, best graphics for an entire issue, 
and best use of humor. 

In citing The Communicant for ex- 
cellence in graphics and design, the 
panel of five secular judges praised 
the paper "for a degree of graphic 
daring, resourcefulness and humor 
that no competing publication could 
approach. Its energy and inventive- 
ness make an ineluctable claim on a 
reader's attention." 

"Its vibrancy and impact are undeni- 
able," said the judges. "One senses 
that the editor is excited about what 
he is packaging in this publication. 

"An alarming number of entries in 
this category appeared gray, grim, or 
groping for a workable and effective 
format; by comparison, The Commu- 
nicant stood out strikingly." 

This year's competition marked the 
first time entries were received in the 
category of humor, and the award 
was given to The Communicant for 
the cover of its General Convention 
issue, which featured a picture of 
Pope John Paul mugging for the cam- 
era, and the headline "All eyes on 
New Orleans." 

The judges found the image "totally 
arresting initially, as good graphics 
should be, and then it quickly con- 
veys the point to be made via picture 
and headline for an immediate, effec- 
tive and humorous impact." 

The judges called the cover "slightly 
outrageous, as humor can be, but not 
tasteless. It imaginatively and irresis- 
tably drives home the editorial point 
to be made." 

In addition to its general excellence 
award, The Canadian Churchman 
was cited for best news story for a 
piece by editor Jerry Hames entitled 
"Nuclear Weapons Strategy Con- 
demned," which the judges called a 
"solid wrap-up of a week-long confer- 

The overall winner of the competi- 
tion, with a general excellence award 
and four merit awards, was U.S. 
Catholic, published by Claretian 

The judges praised 
the newspaper /'for a 
degree of graphic 
daring, humor and 
resourcefulness that 
no competing 
publication could 
approach. Its energy 
and inventiveness 
make an ineluctable 
claim on a reader's 


Women in the world 


Elebash, who is the Bishop of East 

"God has called us to live in His 
world, in our world," Elebash said, 
noting the stern ethical demands 
which the Gospel makes upon all as- 
pects of our lives. 

"We cannot delegate the difficult is- 
sues of our age to someone else," Ele- 
bash explained. "Important decisions 
cannot be left only to bishops, priests, 
and other so-called experts, and the 
women of the church have been 
more willing to face them than have 
the men. 

"God is with us, but it is already 
there in the world. The image of God 
in me must face the image of God in 
you," Elebash said. "For Christ's 
sake, we want to be effective and 
fruitful when we go forth into the 

In the course of their meeting, the 
churchwomen received more specific 
challenges on this theme through re- 
ports on diocesan outreach efforts in- 
volving the medical missions to Haiti, 
ministry to migrant farm workers, 
and soup kitchens. 

Bishop Estill brought the meeting to a 
close with his annual address, in 
which he urged the ECW chapters to 
spur their churches to take the next 
step forward in mission. "We are a 
community engaged in the primary 
mission of service," Estill said. "An 
authentic Christian community must 
be a community of servants. 

"Service is our reason for being," 
Estill said. "And worship is our 
reason for doing. We need to dream 
more dreams, risk more risks, chance 
taking chances and even leap out in 

Acting on the recommendation of the 
Nominating Committee, delegates 
elected the following officers by ac- 
clamation: Harriet Sturges, Secretary 
of Devotional Life; Carol Reed, Secre- 
tary of Christian Ministries and Col- 
lege Work; and Phyllis Barrett, Unit- 
ed Thank Offering Treasurer. Along 
with Reed and Sturges, the following 
women were appointed to serve on 
the Executive Board: Grace Rice, 
Church Periodical Club Director; 
Notie Vay Meadows, Yearbook Edi- 
tor; Anne Scoggins, Chairman of the 
Central Convocation; and Robin 
White, Chairman of the Northeast 

The Communicant— April 1983— Pagi 

God calls the church forward to serve 



The Right Reverend Robert W. Estill 

A number of our congregations are 
making an evaluation of how they 
are carrying out the Christian 
Mission in terms of Service, 
Worship, Evangelism, Education, 
and Pastoral Care. "The Next Step 
in Mission" was approved by our 
1982 General Convention, which 
asked all of us to do this in order to 
minister more effectively in all of these areas. I hope every 
congregation will take that request seriously. We have a fine 
group of trained and experienced consultants who can help with 

this. I have used the basic format in several vestry and parish 
conferences and, with the help of a study guide produced by and 
available from the National Church, it is easy to do. 

The five areas of Service, Worship, Evangelism, Education, and 
Pastoral Care equip us for our ministry and mission as members 
of the Church. As the Prayer Book reminds us, "The Mission of 
the Church is to restore all people to unity with God and each 
other in Christ. How does the Church pursue its mission? The 
Church pursues its mission as it prays and worships, proclaims 
the Gospel, and promotes justice, peace and love. Through whom 
does the Church carry out its mission? The Church carries out its 
mission through the ministry of all its members." In conducting 
this evaluation we are responding to God's call to mission and 


On code 




We live in an old house in a neigh- 
borhood where the town has set stan- 
dards to protect the area's distinctive 
character. So when we started reno- 
vation last fall, we had to petition the 
town for what's called a "Certificate 
of Appropriateness." 

"Appropriateness." It's a wonderful 
word, formed from the adjective fa- 
vored by psychiatrists and crafters of 
the Prayer Book's rubrics alike. 

What is "appropriate" behavior? Who 
decides? By what standards? 

What are prayers or hymns "appro- 
priate" to a particular occasion? Who 
decides? By what standards? 

"Appropriate" is one of those words 
that demonstrates the power and the 
limits of language. We know what it 
means and we can spot inappropriate 
behavior (or hymns or prayers) in a 
moment. But defining exactly what it 
means and why is another matter. 

Take another common pastoral 
phrase: "deal with." She's "dealing 
with" her grief. I have often said to 
couples preparing for marriage, 
"Have you dealt with ..." whatever 
subject I wanted them to consider. 
What does "deal with" mean? Solve? 
Settle? Find the correct answer to a 

I suppose I could stop here by insist- 
ing that I have dealt with the matter 

But what does that mean? 

All language has limits. And the mat- 
ter is complicated by the fact that lan- 
guage not only describes but also cre- 
ates reality and participates in it. On 
the day of your wedding rehearsal, 
you are not married. The next day 
you are because of the words you 
speak. The words themselves are not 
the relationship, but they are far 
more than descriptions of a deeper 
reality; they work to create the reality 







of marriage. 

The church is a community fascinated 
by words. Change them and there is 
trouble in the church. Leave them un- 
changed, and they become brittle, re- 
moved from the realities they de- 
scribe and less effective in creating 
those realities anew. 

Words of power express meanings 
shaped by history and common con- 
sent. One of the petitions in Form VI 
of the Prayers of the People in The 
Book of Common Prayer has the 
people pray for "all who work for 


justice, freedom, and peace." "Justice, 
freedom, and peace" trip off the 
tongue in that context as if one were 
reading a placard from an anti-war 
demonstration in 1970. And that, of 
course, is precisely the context of the 
phrase. There was no way that the li- 
turgical revisions of the late 1960's 
and early 1970's could have (or 
should have) avoided the influences 
of the times. No one is opposed to 
"justice, freedom, and peace." What 
grates on the ears of some is the asso- 
ciation of the words with a particular 
political movement, a painful time of 
historical division. 

Out of similar circumstances, the 
1786 Proposed Book of Common Prayer 
contained "A Form of Prayer and 
Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the 
Inestimable Blessings of Religious and 
Civil Liberty" to be used on July 4th. 
Now that seems, from the perspective 
of 1983, as an entirely appropriate in- 
clusion in the Prayer Book of those 
times. The protests against it, though, 
were vigorous. One man's view of 
"appropriate," then and now, is an 
offense to another. 

William White, who was chaplain to 
the Continental Congress, Rector of 
Christ Church, Philadelphia, Bishop 
of Pennsylvania, and first Presiding 
Bishop, was a strong supporter of the 
Revolution, but he knew the prob- 
lems the proposed service might cre- 
ate in a church where most clergy 
were Tories. "The majority of 
clergy," he wrote, "could not have 
used the service without subjecting 
themselves to ridicule or censure." It 
was dropped in 1789, and the Propers 
for Independence Day were not add- 
ed to the Prayer Book until the revi- 
sion of 1928 (and then over some re- 
maining objections.) 

The words of the liturgy remain set- 
tled, more or less, until the next time 
the Prayer Book is revised. The 
words of pastoral care and preaching, 
however, remain a matter for debate. 
Every generation, I suspect, adopts 
code words to bring alive the Chris- 
tian Gospel in the language of the 
day. It would be an interesting and 
maybe even demoralizing exercise to 
program a computer with contempo- 
rary sermons and analyze the fre- 
quency of their words. In my own 
preaching, I suspect "abundant," 
"flourish," "embrace," "pilgrimage," 
"struggle," would occur more often 
than I care to know. At least they are 
all Biblical words. I have a hunch I 
turn to them more often than I should 
because, for me, they are contempo- 
rary codes, accepted by common con- 
sent and contemporary history, of a 
style of Christian belief that is compa- 
tible with educated scepticism and 
open-ended reverence. ("Open- 
ended"— there's another code word.) 

Language has limits. If we do not 
speak in the idiom of our own day, 
we will have nothing to say that can 
be understood. And if we let the idi- 
om of our own day become a substi- 
tute for the long history of Biblical 
language and fail to keep in signifi- 
cant tension the words of today and 
the Word of God to which the church 
is faithful, the living Word we must 
speak will not live at all. 

All preachers have favorite code 
words. Listen for them. And then lis- 
ten to what they are trying to say 
through them. Press them, if they 
make no sense, if they have no link 
with that living Word you once heard 
and to which you have responded 
with your life, to find what links are 

You may have to transform the way 
you use words to embrace the Word. 
Or you may lead your preachers to 
new ways they can proclaim the truth 
beyond the words you hear. In either 
event, it's an appropriate way to deal 
with the limits of language. 

Page 10— The Communicant— April 1983 

A final word on Venture in Mission 

Scared by Convention 
resolution on abortion 

Dear Editor: 

We were surprised to see a resolution 
favoring abortion at the recent Dioce- 
san Convention. Although we are 
new to vote at conventions, we have 
been in the church many years, and 
we always thought that Christian 
Teaching said that abortions are only 
to save a mother's life. 

We heard (saw) lots of debate on res- 
olutions about Central America and 
nuclear weapons, and we expected 
debate on abortion, but there was 
none. By the time the interpreter said 
"all in favor say yes, all opposed say 
no," and we were ready to vote, the 
interpreter was saying that the motion 
was carried before we could even 

If everything had not happened so 
fast, we would like to have voted 
"no." We would also like the conven- 
tion to know that we are confused. 

We finally were seated to vote at a 
convention on Friday, January 28th 
and we are grateful for that. But one 
of our first chances to use that vote is 
on a resolution that says it is per- 
mitted to abort babies who might be 
deformed (or handicapped!). If we 
used that standard when we were 
having children, we might not have 
had any, and maybe our parents 
would not have had us! We are con- 

We believe it is wrong for church 
people to encourage killing of any 
kind. Therefore the resolution scares 
us. We cry for the children; we cry 
for the action of the Convention; we 
cry from fear. 


Emily Hanell 

Ephphatha, Durham 

Annie Brown 

St. Athanasius, Burlington 

Commends paper as 
an asset to the diocese 

Dear Editor: 

I would like to commend you on the 
fine job you do in making The Com- 
municant such an asset to the dio- 
cese. I usually read it from cover to 
cover the day it arrives and enjoy it 
each time. This has particularly been 
the case since December, at least, 
when there has been a letter from 
Bishop Estill included. Since then I 
have enjoyed it even more and find 
myself skimming through each new 
issue in hopes that a word from Bish- 
op Estill has again been included. I 
have heard comments that assure me 
that others in the diocese also eagerly 
await his remarks. 

I hope that a letter from Bishop Estill 
will be forthcoming monthly hereaf- 
ter. If it hasn't been considered seri- 
ously, I request that it be considered 
at this time. Many of us are greatly 
interested in the thoughts of our new 
Bishop, and this format offers an ex- 
cellent opportunity for his communi- 
cation to the whole diocese on a regu- 


lar basis. I, and a number of others, 
feel that this communication is of 
utmost value. 

I urge you to give this matter your 
immediate attention. I have noticed 
that in every other diocesan news- 
paper I have ever read, the Bishop's 
Letter was a standard part, and I am 
sincerely hoping that it is in ours also. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Brenda Z. Forbis 

B.C.C. St. Lukes, Salisbury 

Churches flourish if 
they reach out to serve 

Dear Editor: 

On February 16, 1983, late in the 
evening, it was my special privilege 
to bring to a close an important chap- 
ter in the life and ministry of the Dio- 
cese of North Carolina. 

What I did that night was mundane 
to the point of ordinariness. I com- 
pleted (in triplicate, of course) a series 
of check requisitions, directing the 
Business Manager of this diocese to 
draw seven checks totalling 
$58,510.36. These checks, now mail- 
ed, represent the conclusion of this 
diocese's payments on the $600,000 
commitment we made in 1978 to the 
Venture-in-Mission program. The 
people of this diocese heard of speci- 
fic needs and, by God's grace, re- 
sponded emphatically and practically, 
and on behalf of those who worked 
towards meeting our relatively 
modest goal, I thank you all. 

In the 4 years I worked on this cam- 
paign, I visited something like 65 con- 
gregations, ate several buckets of 
fried chicken, green peas, and vanilla 
ice-cream, drove perhaps 7500 miles, 
and made the same presentation more 
times than I (or my hearers) care to 
recall. The experience gave me a 
grand sense of the strengths, the di- 
versity, and the shared commitment 
to our Lord's work which are the 
compelling characteristics of the 
people of this diocese. I thank God 
for the opportunities we have shared 

to be about this work. 

Out of this campaign has come a con- 
tinuing creative relationship with 
Haiti, which will, over the years, be 
health-giving for all of us. I believe 
that a clearer sense of our responsi- 
bilities to God's work beyond our 
parish boundaries has emerged as 
well. And that is how it must be. My 
hope is that this sense will lead the 
Diocese of North Carolina into a dis- 
ciplined, sharing relationship with 
some other (in addition to Haiti) over- 
seas diocese through the Companion 
Diocese Program of the National 

My experience is that local congrega- 
tions flourish in all ways when they 
are looking beyond themselves; when 
they respond to God's love with an 
answering love which is not somehow 
limited to their own locale. Our min- 
istries must be to all the world, begin- 
ning here where our knowledge of 
needs is most immediate, but quickly 
extending far beyond our boundaries 
so that we act out our faith that all 
the world is God's and that His work 
to which we are called must neces- 
sarily and appropriately be to all of 
that world. 

I thank each of you, on behalf of 
those aided by our participation in 
Venture-in-Mission, for your support 
and your prayers. It is a good and 
right thing that we have done, and 
we are stronger because of it. 

Faithfully yours, 

Nicholson B. White, Chairman 


Concern raised about 
proposed legislation 

Dear Editor: 

How does the report of the National 
Commission on Social Security Re- 
form affect the minister? According to 
the most recent press sources, "the 
self-employed will pay the combined 
employee-employer tax rate instead of 
the current 9.35 percent." 

This in effect abolishes the self-em- 
ployed Social Security tax rate. Minis- 
ters are common-law employees, not 
self-employed, but do pay on the self- 
employed tax basis. 

A minister's tax for Social Security is 
figured on base salary, housing allow- 
ance or fair rental value of the manse 
plus utilities, minus business ex- 
penses. The new percentage will be 
14% in 1984; 14.10% in 1985; 14.30% 
for 1986-87; 15.02% for 1988-89 and 
15.30% in 1990. 

Take heart: the self-employed, which 
I assume will continue to include the 
minister, will be able to deduct 50% 
of the tax as a business expense. 

If you are concerned about this very 
possible legislation, contact your con- 
gressman immediately. 

Billy E. Griffin 

Presbyterian Ministers' Fund 

Durham, North Carolina 

Greetings from the 
Diocese of Olympia 

Dear Editor: 

Greetings from the great Northwest 
and the Diocese of Olympia. I was 
most pleased to read of the great 
progress of The Conference Center 
during the past year, but must con- 
fess that after spending 16 months 
laboring there, it was disappointing to 
see my name spelled incorrectly in 
the report in your special Convention 

My wife, Mary Stuart, joins me in 
sending warm greetings to all of our 
North Carolina friends. 


John C. Cosby 

Gold Bar, Washington 

Keese's remarkable 
ability to inspire others 

Dear Editor: 

We must be just two among many 
who applaud Terry Wall's description 
of the Rev. Peter Keese in your Janu- 
ary issue. 

Peter's capacity for inspiring those as- 
sociated with him on the Hospice 
mission came partly from his leader- 
ship talents, partly from his resource- 
fulness when matters weren't going 
well, and partly from his determina- 
tion that the project must succeed. 

But, perhaps as much as any of 
these— it was just fun to work with 

Carl L. Whitney 

E. J. Moorhead 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina 

mews Ni vf* 



The Communicant— April 1983— Page 










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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



74, No. 4 

May 1983 

)rdained to serve others 

e church gains 
") new deacons 

EL HILL-On April 29th the 
e's clerical population increased 
) when Nancy Reynolds Pagano 
eoffrey Michael St. John Hoare 
>rdained to the deaconate by the 
v. Robert W. Estill, Bishop of 

rds of 400 people gathered at the 
1 of the Cross here to witness the 
i "laying on of hands" amidst 
mp and splendor which the 
h reserves for one of its most 
it rites. 

Is and family from both sides of 
lantic joined the candidates for 
iination service at which every- 
esent— lay and ordained— was re- 
d that the Church views "ser- 
x>d as the image for all min- 

vas the theme of the sermon 
led by the Rev. Peter James Lee, 
jld the congregation that "ser- 
3od in the name of Christ is the 
ry of every member of the Body 

inthood is not the humiliation of 
If before others whom we count 
re important," Lee said. "It is the 
ent activity of those who are so 
: in their love that they have no 
or domination, no need for prov- 
>oint, no need for making any- 
save space for others to become 
elves. ' ' 

mo is the Rector of the Chapel of 
oss, served as preacher for the 
e which included the first parish 
itions here since 1972. 

ierve others because Christ 
> in them," Lee explained. "The 
of servanthood is to bring each 
n being into the fullness of digni- 
i wills for each." 

e yearn for a fullness they some- 
fear, Lee noted. "Servants true 
Christ who dwells among all 
2 will proclaim not themselves 
ieir limited visions, but the full- 
tf Christ where there is room for 

;ing directly to the ordinands, Lee 
ed them not to strive for servant- 
but to "first, be open to the love 
d that seeks to embrace and 
you in your distinctiveness." 

i, let yourselves, with your abun- 
>ifts— but more: with God's abun- 
ove— be channels of that servant- 
to others." 

four lives, more than your 
s; your deeds, more than your 
ssional skills; your being, more 

I J 



BISHOP ESTILL, center, is flanked by the Rev. Geoffrey Hoare and 
the Rev. Nancy Pagano before the altar of the Chapel of the Cross. 

JLl l^l vt£< • 

than your doing, become images of the 
living Christ whom you serve, who 
serves you, and who seeks through all 
of us to serve his people and to bring 
us all to the fullness of life he wills to 
give us." 

At the conclusion of the Veni Creator 
Spiritus, the two candidates were or- 
dained to the deaconate by Bishop 

Only the third woman raised up for or- 
dination by the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina, Pagano has been a vestry mem- 
ber, lay pastoral assistant and coordi- 
nator of the church's Parishcare pro- 
gram. A graduate of Antioch College, 
Pagano holds both the M.Div. and the 
Th.M. degrees from Duke Divinity 

School, and spent a year in Anglican 
Studies at The General Theological 
Seminary in New York. Bishop Estill 
has assigned her to serve as assistant to 
the Rector at the Chapel of the Cross. 

Geoffrey Hoare was a British More- 
head Scholar at UNC, where he served 
as president of the Carolina Union. 
Upon graduation in 1979, Hoare stud- 
ied theology at Magdalen College, 
Cambridge before returning to the 
United States for a year of study at 
Yale Divinity School, which awarded 
him a Master's in Theological Studies. 
He has been serving as a lay assistant 
at Christ Church, Raleigh since Sep- 
tember, and will continue there as as- 
sistant to the Rector during his dea- 

Toxic waste in 
North Carolina 

Second of three parts 

. . • . . I , 

-.' .* » ' .' .* ;* .■ - . 

1 I,,.....,.,.,, , 




"I now start thee, World War HO Boom! Bam! Crash! Bang! 

Kerflooie! Pow! Voom! Ka-boom! Ka-bang! Ka-pow! Ka-putz! 

BIG silence. The end! Amen! If you heard that, Major, 

just kidding. Just kidding!" 

Peace stressed as the central 
mission of Christian church 

DENVER— Presiding Bishop John M. Allin 
brought a Church- wide conference, "To 
Make Peace," to a close with a call to Join 
in "the great quest" of "reaching our 
hands out to become an effective agency 
for peace." 

Preaching to a full congregation of parish- 
ioners and visitors at St. John's Cathedral 
here, Allin admitted, "I don't know if God 
will grant us that experience, but I do 
know he expects us to try. The vocation 
that is coming to each of us is to respond 
together, not in conflict and confusion." 

Allin had called the conference, and invited 
key leaders from each diocese, to act on 
the 1982 General Convention resolution 
which called for implementation of the 
"new resolve for peacemaking" that had 
been a major element of the prior year's 
House of Bishops Pastoral Letter. In line 
with that resolution, the gathering was in- 
tended to begin to create a peace network 
within the Church, develop wider ecumeni- 
cal and international cooperation and con- 
tinue developing the necessary resources. 

The April 28-to-May 1 gathering was plan- 
ned by a team of Episcopal Church Center 
staff officers, and consultants Moorehead 
and Louisa Kennedy. In addition to dioce- 
san representatives, the Conference includ- 
ed participants from Roman Catholic and 
Protestant traditions and was timed to fall 
between an international gathering held in 
Sweden the previous week and the debate 
on the Roman Catholic bishops' pastoral 
letter the following week in Chicago. 

In informal exchanges throughout the con- 
ference, nuclear weapons engineers, peace 
activists, military chaplains, educators, 
clerks, nurses, homemakers, clergy and 
laity found themselves confronted with 
what they had conceived as an opponent 
and instead found a new revelation — or, at 
least, a willing listener. 

After three days of such experiences the 
group entered the cathedral to hear Allin 

say, "I don't believe in confrontation, but 
in an invitation to walk together. Let's talk 
about what we can do to find our task in 
the basic mission of the Church. 

"Let us not be guilty of dehumanizing the 
government. It is our government and poli- 
ticians are our brothers and sisters." 

Allin called for the conferees to work to de- 
velop a better capacity for analyzing the 
vast array of information. "There is no 
place for simplistic answers in the search 
for peace. The answer may be a simple 
one, but it won't be a simplistic one." 

Allin deplores 
world view at 
Uppsala peace forum 

NEW YORK— Presiding Bishop John M. Al- 
lin, in remarks prepared for the opening of 
an international conference of Church lead- 
ers, declared that "the world [is] shaped to 
accommodate anger and aggression," and 
told the gathering that we must alter "our 
traditional ways of thinking about 

Allin, Chief Pastor and Primate of the 2.9 
million member Episcopal Church, led a 
worldwide delegation of Anglicans to the 
Christian World Conference on Life and 
Peace called by Archbishop Olof Sundby of 
Uppsala, Sweden. His remarks were deliv- 
ered at the conference's opening session, 
April 20. 

Allin 's call echoed the theme set by Sundby 
in calling the conference; a theme that 
notes that "the Churches themselves have 
not always worked as peacemakers" and 
sets as one goal of the gathering a "work- 
ing out of a Christian program of action for 
peace and disarmament." 

In his remarks, Allin pressed for a view 
that looks beyond weaponry to acknow- 
ledge that "the problem we face is sin." 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580). 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

"We have come to accept aggression," he 
said, "as so inexorable a part of human 
nature that all talk of eliminating war is 
relegated to wishful thinking. We have no 
vision of the kingdom of God because we 
have no hope beyond our perceived innate 
instincts of violence." 

Stating that "Our goal, brothers and sis- 
ters, must be, as Saint Paul enjoins us, to 
have our minds transformed," he added 
that the task of the Church was to use its 
moral persuasion to bar use of nuclear 
weapons, to bring about "communication, 
consultation and dialogue for survivial" 
and to "move the institutions necessary 
for building up justice and supplying basic 
human needs." 

New diocesan 
program director 
confirmed by Council 

BROWNS SUMMIT— After a prolonged 
search, the diocese finally has a new Direc- 
tor of Program. His name is Neff Powell, 
and he will begin his job this July. 

Powell's appointment was confirmed by 
the Diocesan Council at its May 5th meet- 
ing here. Chosen by Bishop Estill, Powell 
will oversee the program activities of the 
diocese, with particular emphasis on evan- 
gelism, stewardship and youth work. His 
appointment marks the end of a long 
search process that began last November, 
when Council approved the creation of the 
new staff position at the urging of Bishop 

The Rev. F. Neff Powell is a graduate of the 
Episcopal Theological Seminary in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts and is presently 
serving as Vicar of St. Bedes' Church in 
Forest Grove, Oregon. 

In other personnel matters, Estill informed 
the Diocesan Council of the resignation of 
the Rev. Dr. R. Taylor Scott as Director of 
the Diocese's Continuing Education Center 
at Duke University. He noted that Scott 
would continue to serve as Episcopal Chap- 
lain at Duke, and discussed his plans to 
appoint a Task Force on Continuing Edu- 

Council members also — 

• authorized the newly created Depart- 
ment of Records and History to employ a 
professional archivist in order to update 
diocesan records through 1983; 

• elected Nell Finch as Registrar of the 
Diocese for 1983; 

• received a report from Department of 
Budgets about the budget schedule changes 
required as a result of Convention action 
last January. 

Department Chairman Henry C. Bernhardt 
noted that the 1984 budget process would 
be governed by the following schedule — 

May 17— Budget request forms for 1984 
to be mailed. 

August 15— Budget requests for 1984 
due in Raleigh. 

September 6 & 7—1984 Budget Hearings. 

September 14-16—1984 Assessment and 
Quotas to be mailed. 

November 15— Acceptances of 1984 
quotas due. 

November 29 — Preparation of final bud- 
gets for 1984. 

Bernhardt explained that the new pre- 
Convention time schedule will require 
every-member canvasses to be held earlier 
this year, and informed Council of the 
steps taken to bring this to the attention of 
congregations throughout the diocese. 

Fraser joins 
chaplaincy staff at 
Duke Medical Center 

DURHAM— Is there life after retirement? 
Particularly for an Episcopal bishop? The 
Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser has been asking 
those questions for two years now. This 
month he finally got his answer. In mid- 
May Fraser joined the chaplaincy staff at 
the Duke Medical Center here on a perma- 
nent part-time basis. 

"I'm grateful for the opportunity to work 
here," Fraser said. "It's quite a change 
from being in charge of 144 clergy and 118 
congregations, and here I have found a 
way to continue work in the areas that 
most interest me." 

At Duke, Fraser will work in a nonden 
national capacity, ministering to critic 
ill patients, their family members and 
throughout the hospital, according to i 
Rev. Wes Aitken, director of the Chaplt 
Service. Fraser will also help in the lor e 
range planning and development of tl 
hospital's chaplaincy program. 

In addition, according to Aitken, the n 
ed Episcopal bishop will also assist in 
cational programs for students in trail 
and in continuing education for practii 

"He comes with much expertise in chv 
management as a prominent church le 
er," Aitken said. "He adds a dimensioi 
our program that we've not had before 


hi jjwithli 




i lo fm 


As far as Fraser is concerned, that woo, 
both ways. "I have found that this exj 
ence ministers to me more than I mini 
to it. So many people here are critical!] 
that there is a great need for ministry to to W 
people with questions about grief, illne| 
and death," Fraser explained. 

The very intensity of that need gives h 
both the strength and the desire to miipcii is 
ter. "That is a very important part of 
function of a chaplain — simply helping ,,. 
people to cope." 

Clergy association 
notes election results 


L and Da\ 

RALEIGH— At a recent meeting of the 
North Carolina Episcopal Clergy Associjf 
tion, the following officers were electee 
the Rev. Stephen D. Harris (Assistant t 
the Rector, Church of the Good Shephe 
Raleigh), President; the Rev. Roland M 
Jones (Rector, St. Francis' Church, GreJM 
boro), Vice-President; the Rev. Leland 1 
Smith (Rector, Church of the Holy Inn* 
cents, Henderson), Secretary; and the ] 
Walter D. Edwards, Jr. (Priest-in-Charjli 

nary aft 
as a ful 


we. Uavi 

All Saints', Charlotte), Treasurer. 

Elected as members of the Executive C 
mittee were: the Rev. William S. Mclnn 
(Rector of Trinity Church, Scotland Net 
the Rev. Harrison T. Simons (Rector, SI 
Stephen's Church, Oxford and Priest-ir. 
Charge, St. Cyprian's, Oxford); the Rev 
Roderick L. Reinecke (Rector, Church 
the Holy Comforter, Burlington); and 
Rev. G. Markis House (Rector, Christ 
Church, Rocky Mount). The Rev. C. Phi^ 
Craig, Rector of the Church of the Gocx 
Shepherd in Asheboro, is the immediat 
past president of the professional assoc 
tion for Episcopal priests in the 
North Carolina. 

Episcopal priest explo 
new frontiers in liturj 

ROYAL — True love can be a fowl busine 
as one Episcopal priest learned on a vi£ 
this small community in Franklin Coui 
According to a story in Raleigh's News 
Observer, the Rev. George Magoon part 
pated in a wedding service in which 

Donald, a white Peking drake, was joini Ipu; ar . 

together with Daisy, a duck of uncertai ^ 
origin. Magoon blessed the new lovebiri, J 
using a traditional church blessing for 
animals, the newspaper reported. 

Dorothy, Donald's first wife, had died a| » 
the paws of a fox or a dog, the 
said. And after witnessing her burial, t 
distraught drake began frequent and 
ly visits to her grave. 

"His loneliness was so apparent," said 
Allen de Hart, owner of the lake in Fra: 
lin County, where the nuptial ceremonj 
was conduckted. "After a while, it real! I 
got to me. " So de Hart went looking foi' Bate 
new mate for Donald— and Daisy fit the! k^S, 

"Human arrogance sometimes makes u 
think we have nothing to learn from thflfcs v :. h 
animals," de Hart explained. "We're or' * 



to mutt 

nt Protest! 
bicks I 
ci mil each 
tit ien ocas 

* in thee 

was res 




' its at Cc 


ley were 
in 197 



" wes 

beginning to understand things about t 
other species who share this earth with 
But I think Donald and Daisy prove on* 
thing— humans don't have a monopoly 

Magoon, who provided the nuptial bles* 
at the lakeside webbing service, is Pries 
in-Charge at St. Matthias' Episcopal 
Church, Louisburg and St. James' Epis- 
copal Church, Kittrell. 



Page 2— The Communicant— May 1983 

'stav at s, 

a They both wear the collar in this house 



J )ave Minnick cocks his head and lis- 
tens with laughing eyes as his wife, 
Maggie, answers the question. 

: t 




iow does the housework get done in 
two-career family 'where both part- 
ers have pastoral responsibilities at 
dd hours? 

fousework is a joint project. But "I 
eed to find more time for us to do a 
iirer sharing," Maggie admits in a 
lockingly rueful tone. 

It gets done," her husband says, 
hen to his wife, "You answered it 
111 iplomatically. You left some room 
>r hope." 

G ^n uch is the jovial, easy-going tone of 
a interveiw with the partners in this 
vo-minister marriage. Maggie and 
>ave— officially the Revs. Margaret 
!. and David N. Minnick— seem to 
ave little difficulty juggling their un- 
sual career combination and mar- 
age relationship. 


^ he couple moved to Greensboro in 
jjjj inuary after Maggie, 32, accepted a 
b as a full-time assistant rector at St. 
rancis Episcopal Church, a congrega- 
on of about 1,200. Soon after the 
w: love, Dave, 30, happily found a job 
H imself as part-time pastor to the 130 

lembers of Pleasant Ridge United 
"J hurch of Christ right outside the 


heir mutual ministry in two differ- 
f it Protestant traditions is an en- 
pling, not a divisive force in the 
linnicks' lives. Together, they learn 

m om each other, help each other— 
1 /en occasionally enrich the lives of 
leir respective congregations by pro- 

'" iding brief Insights into the world of 

J lother denomination. 


a ong ago they came to terms with be- 
ig different. In fact, a common inter- 
st in the call to the ordained minis- 
y was responsible for bringing them 
>gether in the first place. 


i ! , 




ave is a native of Philadelphia. Mag- 

e grew up in Hingham, Massachu- 
Jtts. They met when both were stu- 
2nts at Colgate/Rochester/Bexley 
all/Crozer Theological Seminary in 
ochester, New York. Both lived on 

iiimpus and they had classes together. 

ai hey were married after they gradu- 
ed in 1978. 

x>n Maggie took the first steps in 
le time-consuming process necessary 
S P ) become a postulant to the priest- 
ood in Pennsylvania and also went 
> work as executive director of the 
ebanon County Christian Ministries, 
a ecumenical agency. Dave, mean- 
hile, went right to work in his own 
denomination, taking a position as as- 
gid )ciate pastor of St. Mark's United 
ttf hurch of Christ in Lebanon, Penn- 


i ven with full-time jobs and a mar- 
"t age to manage, the couple did not 
- 1 tse sight of considering— and fulfill- 

*"| ig— the career goals of both partners. 


ave made a conscious commitment 
» stay at St. Mark's for three years 
* id, he says, "We agreed at the time 
a ) do that. It really just seemed 
.,, lir— or just— for us in our next move 

THE DIOCESE'S FIRST clergy couple, Margaret and David Minnick. 

to go where she had the opportunities 
and the challenges." 

That goal prompted their move south 
to Greensboro. But all was not settled 
when they left Pennsylvania, or upon 
their arrival in Greensboro. Dave 
made the journey with the not-so- 
comforting knowledge that he could 
have trouble finding work in his own 

It was an added plus to an already 
happy situation for Maggie when 
Dave was hired by the Pleasant Ridge 
Church, the couple says. Dave does a 
"little bit of everything" at his 
church. And, at St. Francis, Maggie's 
work includes sharing responsibilities 
for parish activities like Christian edu- 
cation with St. Francis' rector, the 
Rev. Roland Jones, and the Rev. 
Robert Marsden, another associate at 
the parish. 

In Greensboro, and during most of 
the four years they've been married, 
the general reaction to a clergy couple 
ministering in two different denomi- 
nations has been curiosity. "People 
say, 'Gee, that's neat,'" Maggie says. 
But once in a while the old 
stereotypes come home when another 
minister (usually someone of 
conservative persuasion) wants to 
know why Maggie isn't fulfilling the 
traditional role of a minister's wife. 

Like an old snapshot that is losing its 
clarity, such stereotypes slowly are 

fading, Dave says. "I kind of get the 
feeling the more people I talk to that 
that expectation of ministers' 
spouses— especially wives— is chang- 

learned that 
fade slowly, 
like old 

ing, mainly because of two-career 

For the Minnicks, the similarity in 
their vocational calling often is bene- 
ficial. Each is relieved by not having 
to explain over and over again why 
hospital visits are important, why ves- 
try meetings matter, just why a min- 
ister has to be there when his or her 
congregation has a need. 

And each enjoys the brief glimpses 
into the life of another church afford- 
ed by their marriage. In Pennsyl- 
vania, the couple worked to attend 
one activity a month at each other's 
church. It's a pattern they hope to 
continue in North Carolina. 

They also feel their relationship can 
enrich the lives of their congregations. 
They share educational resources, li- 
turgical materials and the usual ups 
and downs of life with each other. 

In Pennsylvania, Maggie even helped 
open a few minds just by being her- 
self—Dave's wife and an Episcopal 

"I know when I left St. Mark's a 
number of people said— looking to re- 
place me— that they would give real 
serious consideration to a woman be- 
cause of Maggie's input there," Dave 

A festival of colors 

BROWNS SUMMIT-More than 150 
women gathered at the Conference 
Center here in early May for the first 
Diocesan Altar Guild Festival. Jointly 
sponsored by Bishop Estill and the 
Episcopal Churchwomen, the first- 
time event drew standing-room-only 

Guild members from every part of 
the diocese toured the exhibits of li- 
turgical art which filled the center's 
two largest conference rooms. Vest- 
ments, banners, linens, and kneelers 
of every imaginable kind spilled 
across the conference halls in a riot of 
colors and textures. 

The purpose of the event, according 
to Melba Wright, who is Diocesan 
Altar Guild Chairman, was to bring 
parish guild members and their crafts 
together for a diocesan-wide celebra- 
tion. "We envisioned a day of shar- 
ing, a time to appreciate the treasures 
which the parishes hold most dear," 
Wright explained. 

The festival also gave guild members 
a chance to hear Betty Sturgis, im- 
mediate past president of the National 
Association of Altar Guilds. Author of 
the popular Altar Guild Book, Sturgis 
was impressed with both the exhibits 
and the audience, calling the festival 
"the best diocesan altar guild meeting 
I have ever attended." 

In addition to the keynote address, 
the festival included a workshop on 
flower-arranging by Sandra Hynson, 
Altar Guild President of the National 
Cathedral in Washington, D.C. 

The day-long event began with a eu- 
charist celebrated by Bishop Estill in 
the main conference room. 

Though it was the first time through 
for this event, the results couldn't 
have been better, according to 
Wright. "The festival's two chairmen, 
Margaret Motsinger and Charlotte 
Shaffer, deserve all the accolades they 
are now receiving for their expert 
planning. It was a most successful 
day." v 

The Communicant— May 1983— Page 3 

Conversion is not an event 


WINSTON-SALEM-Evangelism. It's 
not a word the average Episcopalian 
likes much, conjuring up as it does 
images of tracts and of someone say- 
ing, "Are you saved, brother?" 

The word is uttered most matter-of- 
factly and comfortably by the Very 
Rev. Robert Hall of Live Oaks, Flori- 
da, and not without reason: he has 
run the Episcopal Center for Evange- 
lism since he retired as dean of the 
Episcopal cathedral in Oklahoma 

It's a word— and deed— that is neces- 
sary, Hall told five dozen clergy and 
lay people May 13-14 at a conference 
on church growth and evangelism 
sponsored by St. Timothy's Church 
and the Northwest Convocation. 
Matthew 28:19 ["Go therefore and 
make disciples of all nations. . . . ") is 
not a suggestion, Hall reminded the 
conference participants. It is a 

Hall does not compromise his insis- 
tence on obedience to the command. 
But he knows his Episcopalians well; 
he baits his evangelism hook with a 
call to church growth, and brings 
figures and a businesslike emphasis 
on management-by-objective to back 
it up. 

A tall, soft-spoken man with a low- 
key manner and a wry sense of hu- 
mor, Hall joked freely about his au- 
thoritative-looking briefcase and array 
of audio-visual aids, including a car- 
toon slide strip starring perky "Larry 
Layman" and his friend Pastor Jim. 
He joked, but he used them. 

One-half of the Episcopal churches in 
America have fewer than 100 mem- 
bers, Hall said. "Sixty percent are 
nominal members, with many in the 
H-M-D category: hatch 'em, match 

'em, and dispatch 'em." Generally, 
when Episcopalians leave, they leave 
the church altogether. "That shows 

where the loyalty lies," Hall said. "If 
the loyalty were to Jesus Christ, and 
some denomination made them mad, 
they would find some place to go." 

The growing churches— that is, the 
Southern Baptists, Nazarenes and 
Pentecostals— do intentional evange- 
lism. Churches that aren't intentional 
about it aren't growing. 

The church's definition of evangelism 
(via William Temple, 1918), is to re- 
veal "the presence of Jesus Christ, in 
the power of the Holy Spirit, in such 
ways that a person may be led to be- 
lieve in him as saviour and follow 
him as Lord in the fellowship of his 
church." Or as Hall explained, "Help- 
ing another person say 'yes' to Jesus." 

The purpose of church growth is to 
bring more people to a caring fellow- 

ship where Jesus will make his pre- 
sence known. Growth "begins with 
your conviction that it is Christ's will 
for everybody to become part of 
Christ's body," Hall said. 

He cautioned the conference partici- 
pants not to confuse particular 
methods (e.g. door-to-door canvassing) 
with the carefully worked-out princi- 
ples of church growth. The pastor 
must have an attitude of faith and op- 
timism and the willingness to conduct 
"a ruthless evaluation of what's hap- 
pening"— with the laity, getting rid of 
programs that don't work. The laity 
must want the church to grow— 
and remember, not everybody wants 
to cope with new people. 

The church is, de facto, a homogenous 
unit, despite our leftover 1960's feel- 
ings about "the melting pot," and 
congregations need to understand that 
people choose a particular kind of 
worship service or parish. Hall urged 
his audience to get their priorities 
straight: "Church growth is a straight 
chain from devotional life to the kind 
of people you send out into the 
world. You have to love the Lord 
your God with all your heart . . . 
because if you don't do that you can't 

love your neighbor. We aren't all that 

In addition to his principles of church 
growth, Hall presented several other 
lists, steps and approaches; he is a 
planner par excellence. His steps to 
church growth emphasized planning, 
follow-up and evaluation, beginning 
with building in the congregation a 
continuing consciousness of church 
growth. "Educate the parish really to 
care that there are a lot of people out 
there who don't know the Lord," he 

The parish needs to identify its needs 
and goals, including faith goals; to in- 
volve lay people and train them; to 
know its territory— for instance, a 
church that emphasizes only families 
may well be cutting out the one-third 
of its membership who are single; to 
invest resources in growth (how 
many hours and dollars are spent out- 
side the parish organization?); to give 
as much effort to evangelism as to the 
Every Member Canvass; and to use 
spiritual resources. "If your program 
isn't undergirded by prayer," Hall 
said, "it's going to fall flat on its 

After planning come committees: to 
recruit new members, to assure their 
assimilation into the parish, to restore 
inactive members, to communicate (a 
clean-looking, well-written newsletter 
helps), to monitor the process of each 
parishioner ("see to it that everybody 
who starts on stream goes all the way 

through" from first involvement to 
discipleship to evangelizing), and re- 
newal. Every congregation should 
have a parish-wide renewal event at 
least twice a year, Hall said. Other 
events will draw in new people, too— 
a Marriage Sunday, or noon musi- 
cales, perhaps. "For Episcopalians, 
conversion is not an event," he said. 
"It is a process." 

Eighty-five percent of the people who 
visit a church do so because they 
have been invited there by a friend or 
relative, Hall explained. Evangelism 

Construction started on new church 

KERNERSVILLE-Three and a half 
years ago, Episcopalians here had to 
drive to Greensboro or Winston- 
Salem for Episcopal services. In just a 
few short months they'll have their 
own building. 

Ground-breaking ceremonies were 
held last month at the site of what 
will soon be the newest church in the 
diocese— St. Matthew's Episcopal 
Church, Kernersville. 

Located on 7Vz acres of land just 
south of Interstate 40 in Kernersville, 
the new building will serve the 90 or 
so baptized members who now make 
up the present congregation. 

The church got its start in 1980, when 
six local families began to share their 

need for an Episcopal church in their 

The first structure in the proposed 
three-building complex will be an all- 
purpose parish hall containing a sanc- 
tuary, three classrooms and a kitchen 
area. It will be an energy-efficient 
grey frame structure with white trim, 
and is expected to cost an estimated 
$137,000 to build. 

The new sanctuary will seat up to 
250 people, according to Louis 
Wangler. Wangler, who is chairman 
of the Building Committee, said the 
building will be used for all church 
activities until construction begins on 
an education building some years 
from now. 

"We're expecting a big increase in 
our membership as soon as we are in 
our own building," Wangler ex- 

According to the Rev. David H. 
Wright, Priest-in-Charge at St. Mat- 
thew's, "a scientific guess puts the 
possible number of Episcopalians in 
the Triad at about 400. And all of 
them are welcome to join us." 

Conducting the ground-breaking cer- 
emonies with the Rev. Wright were 
the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill and the 
Rev. John R. Campbell, dean of the 
Northwest Convocation. Wardens 
Douglas H. Weeks and Wangler were 
among the official ground-breakers 
who wielded the ceremonial 

begins close to home, with the simpl 
offering of a friendly, caring place 
where Jesus can be known. Nor ne« 
it be frightening, though Episco- 
palians, in their habitual reserve, 
might think it so; once a commitmen 

is made, we are empowered to carry 
it through. "God," Hall said, "is not 
in the business of sawing off limbs 
which people have climbed on at his 
behest." i 


Iter tot 



iP', to 


"sthat c 

On our way rejoicing 

Crucifer Jennifer Crofoot lead j 
Junior Warden Lou Wangler an 
Bishop Estill to the grouncf" 
breaking service held last mont 
for St. Matthew's, Kernersvilk 


! °fai 



Page 4— The Communicant— May 1983 





water presented a 
dilemma for Carol 
Scott, the environ- 
mental health and 
safety specialist at 
General Electric in 
Research Triangle 
Park. She had called 
state environmental official, who 
id her to take it out on a country 
rt road and sprinkle it to keep the 
st down. 

can't do that," she told the state 

t's perfectly legal," he responded. 

know, but do you realize what 
juld happen if someone came along 
' d saw General Electric dumping 
mething on a side road?" she asked. 
Jobody would stop to find out that 
was just salt water and harmless. It 
juld be in the papers that General 
;ctric was dumping waste on coun- 
roads. We don't need that." 

lly after checking further with 
istewater treatment plant officials 
Durham did the company finally 
cide it was both safe and accept- 
le to trickle the liquid down the 

:cording to Scott, the story illus- 
ites the two most effective deter- 
its to preventing illegal dump- 
5— corporate responsibility and pub- 

'ompanies like General Electric and 
lPont are very, very sensitive to 
blic opinion," Scott explains. "Love 
nal really shook up the industry." 

ficials with other companies report 
ich the same thing: they cannot af- 
'd to be tainted by negative public 
r inion. But what stops those com- 
nies that don't care or can't afford 
pay the costs of legal disposal? 
ith close to 400 million pounds of 
zardous waste generated in the 
ite every year, the likelihood of ille- 
1 dumping is high. 

'here aren't enough people on our 
ff to prohibit someone from dump- 
l illegally," says William L. Meyer, 
vironmental engineer with the Solid 
d Hazardous Waste Branch of 
)rth Carolina's Department of 
iman Resources. "We depend on 
; citizens to be the state's engineers, 
ice the PCB incident raised the 
blic's consciousness, we get one or 
o calls a week now from citizens 
ncerned about illegal dumping." 

)rth Carolina is governed by the 
deral Resource Conservation and 
covery Act of 1976, which regu- 
es the creation, transportation, 
atment and disposal of hazardous 
istes. Existing legislation prohibits 
te rules from being more restrictive 

federal regulations for disposal 
hazardous waste. Most state offi- 
ils and environmentalists want that 
v changed. But the Governor's 
aste Management Board has declin- 
to endorse the repeal of the law. 

irrently, all industries and institu- 
ns that generate hazardous waste 
: required to perform a waste 
?ai alysis, develop a contingency plan 
a i case of a waste spill, and fill out 
merous federal and state forms. 
"' oyer's office, with 11 inspectors, 
'9 ersees the inspection of more than 
j D generators. 

"If we checked once a month, it 
would take 10 times the staff," Meyer 
said. "Usually we check twice a year 
for the generators and once a year for 
the storers. And then there are spot 
checks. If we find out there is a con- 
tinuing problem, we'll shut them 

That hasn't happened yet, according 
to Meyer. 

An industry caught disposing of waste 
illegally faces several types of fines. 
Before it can operate in North Caro- 
lina, it must set aside enough funds to 
pay the cost of cleaning a dump site. 
If the industry has a land treatment 
or disposal facility, it must have $6 
million worth of liability insurance. 
And violators face a $10,000 daily fine 
as long as the dumping continues. 

Criminal prosecution requires proof 
of intent to dispose of waste illegally, 
a difficult task in all but clear cases 
such as the PCB dumping. 

And when you get right down to it, 
legislation is helpless to prevent a 
company from disposing of hazardous 
substances in any way it pleases, if it 
is careful not to get caught. According 
to Claud "Buck" O'Shields, Jr., chair- 
man of the Governor's Waste Man- 
agement Board, "We can't legislate 
ethics. Every statute on the books is 
there to protect 97 percent of us from 
3 percent who are doing what they 

There is also the problem of time. 
What is safe now may not be consid- 
ered safe later. For instance, when 
the streets of Times Beach, Missouri 
were sprayed with waste oil contain- 
ing dioxin years ago as a dust control 
measure, no one knew it was hazard- 
ous. There is still a lot to learn about 
toxic substances. And what we don't 
know could hurt us. 

"We have to operate with the best in- 
formation we have," Meyer said. "If 
we could foretell the future and see 

Toxic waste in 
North Carolina 

Second of three parts 

the consequences, our decisions might 
be different." 

Some industries, like General Electric, 
IBM and DuPont, take the extra step 
of treating wastes they aren't sure are 
hazardous. But that, of course, doesn't 
answer the problem of knowing pre- 
cisely what will be determined haz- 
ardous 30 years from now. 

The one thing everyone agrees on is 
that landfills should be avoided when- 
ever possible. The only hazardous 
waste landfill in the state is in War- 
ren County and it is closed. In 1981 
North Carolina industries trucked 
26.2 million pounds of hazardous 
waste to landfills out of the state, pri- 
marily to South Carolina and Ala- 

"Our problem is not as evident be- 
cause we don't dispose of the waste," 
Meyer said. "But I am conscious that 
we're dumping our hazardous waste 
on someone else. We're giving some- 
one else the crud." 

And that won't be possible much 
longer. Many experts predict that 
eventually other states will refuse to 
accept out-of-state waste. That would 
require a landfill in the state. "The 
potential need for commercial landfill 

capacity in North Carolina is temper- 
ed only by the continued good will of 
authorities in nearby states and local 
jurisdictions," said a consultant's 
report to the Governor's Waste Man- 
agement Board. "Continued depen- 
dence thereon, at the possible risk of 
industrial slow-down in North Caro- 
lina, or endangerment of public 
health, cannot be recommended." 

The report does recommend that the 
state ban liquid, flammable and corro- 
sive substances from hazardous waste 

"North Carolina is probably going to 
have its hand forced in disposing of 
some particular types of waste, ' ' said 
James E. Meyer, manager of environ- 
mental and energy services at IBM in 
Research Triangle Park. "But the less 
amount of time we have trucks on 
the road, the less we are exposed to 
transportation errors." 

A bill is being considered by the Gen- 
eral Assembly to ban PCB's, cyanide, 
explosives and other wastes from 

If landfills are allowed, how will they 
harm you? "It would hurt you be- 
cause your property values would go 
down," said Ms. Scott when asked 
about the impact of a landfill located 
five miles from a home. "But your 
health values? No." B 

We're dumping 
our hazardous 
waste on some- 
one else — 
we're giving 
someone else 
our crud. 

The Communicant— May 1983— Page 5 

How one small community learned the role ordinary peo] 

must play in the battle against waste 


quiet place, full 

of birdsong and 

peaceful people. 

Located eight 
miles north of the city limits 
of Charlotte, this rural com- 
munity has open pastures 
and rolling woodlands dotted 
with old farm houses and 
newer brick residences, some 
of them clustered in develop- 
ments. The nearest town is 
Hunters ville, four miles 
away, where Long Creek 
residents do most of their 
shopping and banking, mail 
their letters and get their pre- 
scriptions filled. Newcomers and old-timers alike share a 
love of the country and a respect for the land. They have 
understood the nature of community for a long time, if in a 
somewhat detached sense. Now they understand it with 
new awareness. Because the survival of this peaceful 
stretch of countryside was threatened recently when the 
city of Charlotte sought to start a solid waste landfill in the 
middle of quiet, rural Long Creek. 

The landfill threatened their property values, their lifestyle, 
their water supply. It also threatened the people themselves, 
who feared for their history— and for their future as well. 

They met that threat not with panic and violence, bu 
reason and commitment. In the process, the people o 
Creek have learned some new things about themselv 
about their land. They've realized how important it is 
them to be aware of the issues surrounding land use 

Mary Ellen Droppers has lived 24 years in North Car 
14 of them in Long Creek, where her husband, Tom, 
Rector of St. Mark's Episcopal Church. Beginning in 
and for the next 18 months, she covered the Reames 
Landfill issue for the Mecklenburg Gazette, published 
nearby Davidson. The assignment gave Droppers firs 
experience with the kinds of waste-related problems 
will soon confront us all. 

As a long-time resident of the community, Droppers 
no pretense of objectivity in her reflections on recent 
in Long Creek. "For those of us in the church," she 
"these issues take on the fuller dimension of steward 
the broader implications of our actions in society wh : 
testimony that we care about God's creation and are 
to demonstrate this caring by addressing the complex 
problems thrust upon us by our technical advances." 

Long Creek is the story of how one small community 
wrestled with those issues. "We won this battle," Dri 
admits, "But we have not solved the war against wan 
are, however, a lot more aware of the need for solut 
the role ordinary people must play in finding them." 

fiiade ace 


Though r 

was adde 

other geo 

wng Lre 

If coram 
slial oppc 
in all par 
fetters to 
tountY T 
lie ball f 





Page 6— The Communicant— May 1983 




for nearly 18 months, the 
Ipeople of Long Creek found it 

hard to believe that their battle with 
Charlotte was over, and even harder 
Ito believe that they had won. 

e city's efforts to construct a solid 
waste landfill smack in the middle of 
this small rural community had 
Jsparked a classic town and country 
confrontation which few had expect- 
d Long Creek to win. 

But their victory was secured in mid- 
jAugust last year when the Mecklen- 
burg County Commissioners ruled 
that the proposed landfill was "a 
threat to the public health and safety 
[of the people in that community." 

That ruling marked the end of a long 
Mand expensive battle, part of a 14-year 
[war which the citizens of Long Creek 
Ihad been waging to keep the city of 
■Charlotte from establishing a solid 
[waste landfill on a 220-acre tract in 
[the middle of Long Creek. The third 
[such battle in those 14 years, it was 
[the longest, the hardest fought, the 
[most expensive, and— in the hopes of 
[the people who still live in Long 
[Creek township— the last. 

|This was not the first time Charlotte 
Ihad looked longingly towards Long 
I Creek as a solution for its own land- 
ffill needs. But because secondary 
[county roads were too narrow to 
[accomodate wide-bodied garbage 
[trucks, and because Long Creek itself 
[was one of the few remaining unpol- 
| luted streams in the county, two 
previous efforts had been blocked by 
the refusal of the commissioners to 
grant the special permit required by 
existing zoning restrictions. 

Undaunted, the city of Charlotte tried 
again in 1981. The completion of 1-77 
made access to the proposed site 
easier and safer, the city council 
contended, while new techniques in 
landfill construction and operation 
reduced the risk of water pollution. 

Though not on the city's original list 
of potential sites, the Long Creek tract 
4 was added in the spring of 1981, 
without the surveys, water tests, and 
other geological investigations that are 
part of the customary selection 


Long Creek citizens lost no time. A 
Citizens' Action Committee organized 
by community leaders began to mar- 
shal opposition to the landfill proposal 
in all parts of the county. Over the 
next month they sent out flyers and 
letters to the media, as well as to 
elected officials of the city and 
county. They kept the talk going in 
the churches, at Puckett's store, on 
the ball field and at the fish fries— 
anyplace people came together. 

The county scheduled a hearing with 
the Charlotte city council for June 2. 
As a result of the Citizens' Commit- 
tee's efforts, over 1,000 people turned 
out to fill the North Mecklenburg 
High School auditorium. Forty of 
them— men, women and children, 
black and white, professional and 
non-professional— spoke their piece 
and defended their right to continue 
living in Long Creek without the 
intrusion of a landfill in their midst. 

AN] It was an impressive show of 

Pi strength. Yet in spite of the evidence 

,» presented at the hearing, the 

Charlotte city council announced on 
W June 29 that the site in Long Creek 
n " was its first choice for its next sani- 

tary landfill. The other communities 
on the list sighed with relief. Citizens 
of Long Creek prepared to do battle. 

"If they think we're just a bunch of 
country bumpkins out here, who 
don't know how to take care of this 
land, let them find out the hard 
way," commented one long-time 

The Citizens' Committee hired David 
Sentelle and Tom Moon, two 
Charlotte-based lawyers who spent 

If they think 
we're country 
who don't 
know how to 
take care of 
our land, let 
them find out 
the hard way. 

the next few months lining up infor- 
mation and enlisting the help of 
people who were knowledgeable in 
any area that might be useful in the 
fight ahead. And as the weeks passed, 
all kinds of people stepped forward to 
offer their services and talents to the 

Newcomers like Robert and Claire 

Martin, who had bought their house 
in Long Creek in January 1981, now 
discovered they were to be neighbors 
to a landfill. As a homeowner, Robert 
had an economic stake in the strug- 
gle. As a geologist, he had a profes- 
sional interest. It was the latter that 
he put to use for the community, 
testifying at hearings and securing 
opinions of expert geologists on water 
flow and rock formation— opinions 
which were used to refute findings of 
the engineering firm supplying data to 
the city. His wife, Claire, was 
employed by the city of Charlotte. 
She struggled with the conflict in the 
situation, but gave herself tirelessly to 
the new community of which she 
was now a part. 

Jimmy Lee owns and manages Lee's 
Rest Home on Reames Road, within a 
few hundred feet of the proposed 
landfill site. Lee stood to lose not only 
his license to operate, but his life's 
work as well. Most of Jimmy's pa- 
tients are dependent upon public 
funding for the aged. Where, every- 
one wondered, would these people go 
if uprooted from the only home they 
had known for years? 

Determined, Jimmy secured letters 
from Raleigh regarding health and 
safety factors in licensing, and set 
about the task of raising money to 
pay the legal fees and operational 
costs incurred by the community. 
Jimmy's plight, and with it the fate of 
the helpless and infirm residents of 
the Rest Home, became one of the 
rallying points for the community. 

Tom Roddey lives in Trinity Park, a 
black, middle-class development in 
Long Creek. His children attend Long 
Creek School, where Tom himself is a 
teacher. His was a familiar face at 
PTA meetings, in classrooms, and at 
school programs. During the summer 
of 1981 Tom stepped outside of Trin- 

Ht. mark's, long creek, has 
stood serenely on a hill amid 
aged oak trees for almost a hun- 
dred Easters. With its handmade 
brick and original handblown glass 
still intact, and after extensive interior 
restoration, the church has recently 
been designated an historic site by the 
Mecklenburg County Historic Proper- 
ties Commission. 

Organized in November, 1883 by Jo- 
seph Blount Cheshire, then rector of 
St. Peter's, Charlotte, the congregation 
worshipped in a one-room school- 
house until the present building was 
completed in 1886. A rectory was 

Photo by Frank Bliss 

added in the mid-1890's and in 1954 
a brick parish house was built. 

The congregation represents a cross- 
section of the Long Creek communi- 
ty. Improved roads, including 1-77, 
have made the church available to 
people living outside the community, 
to the extent that the present rector, 
the Rev. Tom Droppers, makes parish 
calls in the four other adjacent 
counties as well as within Mecklen- 
burg County and Long Creek itself. 

A landmark in the area, the church is 
the only rural Episcopal church re- 
maining in Mecklenburg County. ■ 

ity Park and joined the Citizens' Ac- 
tion Committee, representing the in- 
terests of his neighbors who also 
owned property adjacent to the pro- 
posed landfill. 

Julian Vance lives on land his great- 
grandfather bought over 150 years 
ago. His family farmed this land and 
their roots go deep— it frames their 
lives, giving shape to their days and 

Long Creek itself runs through 
Julian's land, and buried deep under 
the pastures are hundreds of Indian 
arrowheads, pottery shards, grinding 
stones. They surface when it rains, af- 
ter spring plowing is done. 

"Easy to find, if you know what 
you're looking for," says Julian, a 
twinkle in his blue eyes and a matter- 
of-factness in his soft voice. 

Julian should know. He and Webb 
Blythe, whose land also adjoins the 
landfill site, have been finding them 
for years. Julian saves them in plastic 
margerine tubs and tin cans, and 
gives them away to the curious. 

In the middle of the summer of 1981, 
the arrowheads on Julian's land 
suddenly assumed an importance 
which the Indians themselves could 
not have foreseen. Having dated some 
arrowheads as far back as 8,000 
years, a team of archeologists urged 
the Board of County Commissioners 
to consider the error of placing a 
landfill on land so rich in artifacts. 

In his retirement, Parks Wilson works 
part-time at Puckett's Store, located 
across from the elementary school . 
and forming the center of the Long 
Creek grapevine. Parks pumps gas, 
bags groceries, and visits with friends 
and neighbors who drop by the store 
in a steady stream all day long. Parks 
Wilson is a hard man to say no to, 
and that quality helped him to collect, 
by himself, over $8,000 to fight the 
landfill. For Parks, collecting money 
was like churning butter— he kept at 
it till he had some. In addition, across 
the whole north end of the county, 
other groups, businessness, and indi- 
viduals chipped in. The Huntersville 
Woman's Club held a mammoth yard 
sale that netted $2,000 for the fight. 
Local businesses contributed amounts 
ranging from $100 to $200. The 
Optimists held a series of turkey 
shoots and raised hundreds of dollars. 
The community held bake sales and 
raffles, sold hot dogs, and went door- 
to-door. On Sunday afternoons, after 
services were over at St. Mark's Epis- 
copal Church in Huntersville, Tom 
Droppers knocked on doors in West- 
minister Park, soliciting funds to fight 

continued on page 9 

For Parks, 
money was 
like churning 
butter— he just 
kept at it till 
he had some. 


The Communicant— May 1983— Pac-f 


& 'ft- 

\ "Puerto 





PITTSBORO— Before their trip to Nic- 
.i ' aragua, the three North Carolinians 

looked, thought, and spoke like com- 
fortably middle-class folks. 

They knew little, if anything, about 
Central America, and held no strong 
opinions about U.S. policy toward the 
small isthmus countries between 
Mexico and Panama. 

But, confronted by the sights of a 
small, poverty-ridden country coming 
to grips with the aftermath of violent 
revolution, their lives have been 

Though they may look the same, 
their thoughts on many things— from 
American foreign policy to moral and 
spiritual values— have changed pro- 
foundly since their return, they say. 
And they feel compelled to speak out 
about these changes wherever and 
whenever they can. 

Rachel Colleen Allred, Charles Tis- 
dale, both of Greensboro, and Mary 
Hayes Holmes of Pittsboro were 
among 30 people from 14 cities and 
12 religious affiliations who travelled 
to Nicaragua with the Carolina 
Interfaith Task Force on Central 
America (CITCA) for a week in April. 

A retired IRS worker who devotes 
most of her time to church and vol- 
unteer work, Allred decided to take 
the trip to Nicaragua as part of her 
duties as mission coordinator for the 
Methodist Church Women's commit- 
tee on Christian Global Concerns. 

About a year before, the soft-spoken, 
grandmotherly Allred had attended a 
CITCA meeting at the behest of her 
minister. Some time later, she heard a 
lecture given at her church by a 
Church of God minister who had 
done missionary work in Central 
America. He talked about the political 

to Nicaragua 

atmosphere and U.S. involvement 
there in ways that ran contrary to 
what she had always believed. 

"I just thought this trip would give 
me a chance to see how the church 
missions work down there," she says. 
"It was really a learning experience to 

Tisdale, a slender, bespectacled En- 
glish professor and poet at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina at Greens- 
boro, says he knew little about Cen- 
tral America, but had several close 
friends who were deeply concerned 
about the area. 

He himself "had a hard time deciding 
what was true," so he signed up for 
the trip to get a first-hand look at the 

"I wanted to get a little more politi- 
cally involved," he says. 

While Tisdale, an Episcopalian, went 
to Nicaragua for political enlighten- 
ment, the trip's greatest impact on 
him was spiritual, leaving him 
changed in ways he never anti- 

Holmes, the very picture of the viva- 
cious suburban housewife, from the 
toes of her espadrilles to the single 
strand of pearls at the neck of her 
seersucker shirtdress, became ac- 
quainted with CITCA through her ac- 
tivities in the nuclear freeze 

A Presbyterian, Holmes serves on the 
Peace and Security Commission of 
the North Carolina Council of 
Churches. She joined the Nicaragua 
trip at the last minute, but since re- 
turning, has become one of the 
group's most outspoken members. 

"It is obvious to me that unless we do 
something, there's going to be a war 
down there," she says. "And I am 
very much against war." 

Perhaps it is not terribly surprising 
that the CITCA group returned from 
Nicaragua politically primed in oppo- 
sition to U.S. political and military 
involvement in the region. But few of 
them expected to find the kind of 
spiritual renewal that has united 
Nicaragua's diverse population into 
an ecumenical community. 

Not only did the experiences of Nica- 
ragua draw the members of the group 
together, but they returned with far 
greater awareness of the way God's 
love for humanity transcends all de- 
nominational, political and ethnic 

"You can look at a political situation 
through a Christian point of view, 
and it gives you a different perception 
than if you look at it politically," 
Holmes says. 

Going to Nicaragua gave Allred a 
clearer understanding of ecumenism 
than she ever had before. 

"I found more of a oneness in Christ 
there than I ever have here in the 
United States," she says. 

The closest U.S. churches have come 
to the sort of ecumenical spirit foster- 
ed among Nicaraguan churches, ac- 
cording to Allred, is in the nuclear 
freeze movement. 

But it is Tisdale, the poet, who has 
experienced the most profound 
change of the three North American 

Although the group attended a num- 
ber of services in churches of all de- 
nominations while in Nicaragua, a 
three-hour Catholic mass was the cat- 
alyst for Tisdale' s religious renewal. 
During the eucharist, held in a 
church decorated with revolutionary 
posters and accompanied by a 
Nicaraguan band, the group was 
swept up in the fervor of the 
celebration. When the peace was 
passed, the Nicaraguan congregation 
warmly embraced the visiting 
Americans, whom they previously 
had viewed as "enemies," and the 
Americans responded with a song. 

Though all the members of the 
CITCA group were deeply moved by 
the experience, Tisdale says he "felt 
somehow authenticated" in that 

"I treasure that moment," he says, 
before explaining that the euphoria he 
brought home vanished about nine 
days after his return, pitching him 
into what he calls "an existential 

"It continues to have a profound ef- 
fect on me," he says. "Something is 
different from the way I was, but I 
can't say what it is." 

A self-described 'doubting Thomas' 
before his departure, Tisdale stood 
before his home congregation at St. 
Mary's Episcopal Center when he re- 
turned and told the story of the Nica- 
raguan mass as a profession of his 
own new-found faith. 

"That was a pretty big thing for me," 
he explains. 

All the members of the CITCA group 
have been recounting their exper- 
iences for audiences large and small 
since returning from Nicaragua. Sev- 
eral have travelled to Washington to 
see their congressmen, while others 
have lectured local clubs, circles, 
classes and churches. They believe 


Some of the members of the pilgrimage to Nicaragua 
gathered for a pot-luck supper recently 
to discuss their experiences. 

Page 8— The Communicant— May 1983 


Battle is 
won over 
landfil l site 


Caesar. And everywhere Parks went, 
he kept his hand out. 

In the end, the people of Long Creek 
raised and spent $40,000 out of their 
own pockets. 

During the fall of 1981 and on into 
the winter, both sides prepared them- 
selves for the hearings set for Janu- 

The Citizens' Action Committee hired 
an independent engineering firm to 
do a land study of the site, including 
water levels, geological findings and 
soil tests. They secured the help of 
experts, some from as close as the 
next community, others from as far 
away as Alabama. 

In addition to technical data on the 
landfill, the group collected informa- 
tion from other sources. Local school 
officials measured roads and 
monitored bus traffic, while experts 
estimated the impact of garbage 
trucks traveling to and from the 
landfill area every two minutes. 

The Citizens' Committee secured a 
resolution from the Charlotte-Meck- 
lenburg Board of Education, stating its 
opposition to the landfill because of 
its proximity to the school. 

Members of the community circulat- 
ed petitions for signatures of people 
opposing the landfill, concentrating 
particularly on the 870 households 
within a mile of the site. 

And all through those long months, as 
the fall colors peaked and faded, the 
people of the community kept walk- 
ing the landfill site, learning its con- 
tours, bringing friends to see the land, 
talking to each other and gaining sup- 
port. Cattle grazed there. The deer 
fed on the land. Wildflowers bloomed 
abundantly. Eventually the Sierra 
Club and other groups concerned 
with protecting the environment join- 
ed in. 

Meanwhile, the city began condemna- 
tion proceedings on surrounding 
parcels of land in order to expand the 
proposed site. 

On January 11, 1982 the residents of 
Long Creek, along with neighbors 
from other nearby villages, the press, 
and interested people from the city, 
crowded into the auditorium of the 
Long Creek Elementary School for the 
start of the open hearings before the 
Board of County Commissioners and 
the County Planning Commission. 
The Board of County Commissioners 
sat in quasi-judicial status to hear the 
arguments of both sides and their le- 
gal counsel. 

City engineers presented data 
intended to show that the landfill 
would not be injurious to the quality 
of life in Long Creek; that the water 
would not be polluted, and the noise 
factor from the earth-moving equip- 
ment and garbage trucks would be 
negligible. An engineering firm 
displayed impressive full color 
renderings of the architects' designs 

THIS AERIAL PHOTO shows the 220 acres of woodland which would have been laid bare by the 
proposed landfill, beginning at the top right and extending to the clearing around historic St. Mark's Church. 

for landscaping and terracing the site. 
There were charts of costs, lists of 
available ways to reduce noise, and 
promises to insure pure water. 

Sentelle and Moon pointed out the 
flaws in the arguments. The life of 
the landfill would be closer to seven 
years, not 12. The site was the 
farthest from the city of any being 
considered. It was also the smallest, 
and the operating costs would be the 

The city's engineers had measured 
the water level tables at the end of 
the summer, during a dry spell, and 
again in December, before the rain 
and snows began. By January the 
ground water had risen nine feet, 
bringing the water level close to the 

There was evidence of extensive 
quartz under the surface. Quartz con- 
ducts water— clean or polluted. 

And the roads were too narrow to 
carry trucks and school buses to- 
gether. Who would patrol the sec- 
ondary roads to insure that no private 
operators came in by those roads in- 
stead of up 1-77? What would happen 
to 1-77 when dozens of garbage trucks 
drove, often uncovered, for ten miles 
to reach the site? 

When the hearing sessions broke for 
supper, the Long Creek Citizens' 
Committee sold hot dogs, pinto beans 
and cornbread in the school cafeteria 
at a dollar a plate to raise funds to 
fight the landfill. During supper they 
visited, laughing and talking among 
themselves as if it were any PTA 
family-night supper. They swapped 
stories, waving and calling across 
tables. It felt like any community so- 
cial outing. It was, instead, a commu- 
nity doing business. 

After three weeks and 30 hours of 
hearings, the city council went back 
to the city. County officials and the 

press went on to other issues and de- 
cisions. Spring plowing came and 
went. The churches of Long Creek 
celebrated Easter. New deer were 
born and new wildflowers appeared 
on the landfill site. The high school 
had its spring prom and the families 
of Long Creek got caught up in 
baseball and awards days and setting 
out tomato plants. Jimmy Lee kept on 
looking after his elderly patients. 
Julian Vance found some more arrow- 
heads. Parks Wilson still collected 
money, and Long Creek waited. 

On May 20th the Planning Commis- 
sion met to vote on its recommen- 
dation to the Board of County Com- 
missioners. In the crowded room, the 
commission announced its 9-1 
decision against granting the special- 
use permit. Long Creek had won the 
first round. 

In all probability, the County Com- 
missioners would accept the recom- 
mendation of the Planning Commis- 
sion and would refuse the request. 
But the citizens knew that anything 
could happen. There was a lot of 
pressure coming from downtown 
Charlotte. Long Creek folk held their 
breath through a long, dry summer. 
And while they waited, they harvest- 
ed beans, ate homemade ice cream 
and held Vacation Bible School. The 
cantelope flourished and the water * 
table dropped again. 

On the morning of August 2nd the 
Board of County Commissioners met 
to review the findings and the recom- 
mendation of the County Planning 

Leaning forward in their chairs in the 
board room of the County Building, 
Robert Martin, Jimmy Lee, and the 
other members of the Long Creek 
Steering Committee listened as the 
Board of Commissioners announced 
that "the water table in the Long 
Creek Community is not acceptable 
for landfilling and a landfill would 

therefore be a threat to the public 
health and safety of the people in that 

Long Creek's battle was over and 
won. It had taken 18 months and cost 
Long Creek citizens $40,000 and the 
people of Charlotte $276,000. It had 
been a fair fight. But it was a battle 
that should not have been fought at 

The landfill issue was a people issue, 
an issue of stewardship— so it was to 
the people we returned that August 
morning. Past the cattle grazing 
where there might have been a land- 
fill. Past Jimmy Lee's Rest Home, safe 
for now. 

Further down the dirt road we stop- 
ped at Julian Vance's house. Julian 
was at the back steps. His acres are 
full of arrowheads and his mind is 
full of stories about the water and the 
springs that feed Long Creek and the 
sloping hollows that the city wanted. 

"You can keep your land, Julian— we 

Julian grinned. "Was it unanimous?" 
he asked. We told the story again to 
Julian and his wife, Eva, in their 
100-year-old farmhouse. 

There were more people to tell, TV 
reporters to talk to, committee mem- 
bers to see and phones to answer as 
the news broke across the little 
community, the news that they had 
won their land. We left to take care 
of those things. 

But on the way back down the road 
we stopped to collect a ripe melon 
from Julian's patch. The cicadas were 
making their end-of-the-summer, sing- 
without-stopping noise. That is the 
only sound we could hear on that dirt 
road, under the August sun on the 
edge of the no-longer-proposed land- 
fill site. It is quiet, still, in Long 
Creek. f> 

The Communicant— May 198?- 

Reluctant to share our own 





Dear Friends: 

After an especially busy week I took 
Thursday off. My magazines, the ivy 
on the house, and the weeds in the 
yard had all piled up. It was a warm 
spring day with thundershowers 
hovering in the area. 

The New Yorker is one of my 
favorite magazines. I have often said 
that if they would print the clergy 
changes along with their other material we might not need a na- 
tional Church magazine. I have a hunch that most of my clergy 
friends read and enjoy it too. So, there I was with three back is- 
sues and enough rain to justify coming in to sit on the porch. 

The lead article in "The Talk of the Town" was about South and 
Central America, and so was the second. "A child born in the 
United States will consume from thirty to fifty times as many 
goods of all descriptions in his or her lifetime as one born in the 
highlands of Bolivia." That is the same thing as saying that we 
are very, very rich. One worries about whether our riches are the 
cause of their poverty, or their poverty the result of our exploita- 

tion. "Have we," asked the editors, "underdeveloped the under- 
developed countries?" 

The article concluded by saying that "Americans oppose changes 
in the system which would truly help the poor of our own nation 
and of the world, because most of us like living as we do, enjoy- 
ing the comparative riches that come to us almost as a birthright. 
The most radical step to take might be to renounce some portion 
of our way of life— a step that would have no real effect on the 
poverty of others but might invest some of us with the courage to 
begin working for new structures." 

Some of us on our new Companion Diocese Commission will be 
visiting two dioceses in Central and South America this summer. 
Some of our work in our own Diocese 
concerns street people and migrant 
workers. Some of our riches do get 
shared. But even if the differential 
should come down from thirty or fifty 
to ten, we are still rich in comparison. 

Jesus had a lot to say to the rich. He 
had a lot to say to me on my day off. I 
hope you and I can listen with our 
hearts and ears and minds open as we 
try to respond together. 

it news 


A parish newsletter I read recently 
carried a story about a missing liner 
from an altar vase and concluded 
with an appeal for its return from the 
unknown and, of course, unwitting, 

Most church people take such 
"news" for granted whenever they 
read their parish newsletters. Parish 
newsletters are rarely slick. More 
often, they are cheerfully ignorant of 
the journalistic taboo about mixing 
editorial comment with news. An- 
nouncements of events that include 
an appeal for action are what many 
church people think of when they 
think of "church news." 

Now, you'll never find an article 
about altar vases in the religion sec- 
tion of Time, on the church pages of 
The News and Observer, The Charlotte 
Observer, or even in The Communi- 
cant. The secular press is interested in 
religion when it "makes news," and 
many serious religious journals, 
including The Communicant, are more 
interested in interpreting current is- 
sues in the light of faith than in re- 
porting the humdrum events of ordi- 
nary parish and diocesan life. 

So when the Roman Catholic bishops 
issue a Pastoral Letter that calls the 
nation to a different set of perceptions 
about nuclear war than those that 
have prevailed thus far, that's "news" 
and is so treated. When religious 

leaders seek to influence legislative 
controversies— treatment of migrant 
workers, teaching of religion in public 
schools, limitations on abortion, avail- 
ability of contraceptive information 
for minors— that's "news." 

Press officers for church organiza- 
tions, by whatever names they are 
called, are frequently disappointed 
when editors of local newspapers and 
television stations eliminate or dras- 
tically reduce attention to ordinary 
church "news." That your parish 
youth group has worked hard to pro- 
duce T.S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathe- 
dral, that the church women are hav- 
ing a sale to benefit battered women, 
that the adult class is paying attention 
to ethics in the professions— these 
items aren't likely to stir an editor 
into any action, except maybe filling 
some vacant space with a couple of 

"News" is at the heart of what we 
Christians are about. The Gospel, af- 
ter all, is "good news." Does the lack 
of media interest in the ordinary life 
of the church demonstrate deafness to 
the Gospel? Or is the Gospel heard 
only when it speaks in terms that are 
sufficiently startling that they become 
"news" to the media as well as to the 
faithful? The answer to both ques- 
tions, I think, is "no." 




"And now, Fred Shearson, with 

the blah, blah, blah behind the 

yak, yak, yak." 




The media pay no attention to the 
"news" about altar vases. But the or- 
dinary communication of Christians 
about our common life is absolutely 
central to the building up of this body 
of "good news." Keeping in touch 
with one another about the little 
things provides a channel through 
which the news becomes truth. 

Problems occur when we assume that 
the internal communication of news 
about our common life is all we have 
to say, on the one hand, or is unim- 
portant, on the other. 

What is "good news" about our com- 
mon life is that thousands of people 
in North Carolina Episcopal congrega- 
tions take responsibility for the life of 
their religious communities, nurture 
one another in the process, and in so 
doing, demonstrate that this creaky 
old community is alive in itself and 
may indeed have something to say to 
the world at large that is not only 
truth but "news," too. 

That "news" will not be a story about 
the altar vases. From the integrity of 
our internal life, we can speak with 
confidence about ways towards integ- 
rity—and the word, remember, means 
"wholeness"— to a world that needs 
the news of that integrity about itself. 

Don't dismiss the insignificant notices 
in your parish newslettter. They are 
not insignificant at all. They signify 
the ways we care about our commu- 
nity. But don't let them be the con- 
tent or the measure of the "news" we 
proclaim to the world. 

We are in the integrity business, 
demonstrating in the wholeness of 
our internal life a glimpse of that 
wholeness that can heal a broken 
world. Whenever we communicate 
truths that nudge us closer to 
wholeness, we are making news and 
proclaiming good news, too. 

The Rev. Peter James Lee is the Rector 
of the Chapel of the Cross in Chapel 
Hill and a regular columnist for The 

Page 10— The Communicant— May 1983 


Reader urges adoption as a 
way to replace fear with love 

Dear Editor: 

Several times I have read letters in 
The Communicant that expressed 
concern about abortion. If Episcopa-, 
lians are truly concerned about abor- 
tion then I beg them to examine the 
adoption system because by improv- 
ing adoption we could save many un- 
born lives and help many already 

Women with unplanned pregnancies 
have told me they chose abortion be- 
cause they could not face the ordeal 
of carrying and delivering a baby 
only to have him forever banished to 
an unknown fate. Changing adoption 
to allow for periodic updates through 
the agencies could provide peace of 

mind for such women while main- 
taining confidentiality. Understanding 
attitudes which acknowledge the diffi- 
culty of surrendering a child and the 
need for support can help women 
make responsible decisions without 
the stigma or guilt of "giving away" 
"their flesh and blood." 

Respect for adult adoptees seeking in- 
formation about their heritage and 
medical background would be a 
blessing. N.C. law presently prohibits 
adult adoptees from even knowing 
their religious heritage. And a helping 
hand is needed for those adoptive 
parents who discount and close the 
door on their children's origins, parti- 
cularly after those "children" are 
grown adults. 

The adoptive family is sacred, as is 
every family, and they have a special 
gift and special responsibility to re- 

The strange panic of 
the mainline liberal 


Why do liberals panic when faced 
with certain aspects of sexuality and 
social mores? Mention the word 
"chastity" and they get all nervous 
and giggly. This, at least, has been a 
common response to the Reagan Ad- 
ministration's proposal requiring par- 
ental notification when adolescents 
obtain prescription contraceptives 
from federally funded clinics. Demo- 
graphic evidence may suggest that re- 
ducing the extent of adolescent sexual 
activity, not sex education or contra- 
ceptives, is the key to controlling 
teenage pregnancies. Yet the idea that 
public policy might be designed to in- 
hibit adolescent sexual activity is 
something liberals cannot discuss 
calmly; it is easier to huff about Mor- 
al Majoritarians. Has some profound 
liberal taboo been offended? 

This seems odd in view of liberal- 
ism's own proclivities. While conser- 
vatives tend to see the status quo as a 
reflection of unchangeable human na- 
ture, liberals have insisted that the 
status quo can always be modified by 
social and environmental influences. 
But when it comes to adolescent sex, 
liberals act as though they are con- 
fronted with an unalterable law of 
human nature, indeed an uncontrol- 
lable force of the natural world. To 
suggest that current trends toward 
earlier and greater sexual activity 
among adolescents might be curbed 
and reversed is as ridiculous as King 
Canute's ordering the tide to halt. 
Better, liberals suggest, to limit the 
damage by providing contraception 
and abortion as easily as possible. 

In another way, to be sure, liberals 
recognize that the extent of adolescent 
sexual activity rather than being a na- 

tural fact is as "artificial" as our need 
for Sony Walkmans, designer jeans, 
and other appurtenances of our cul- 
ture. As one group providing contra- 
ceptive information to teenagers puts 
it: "Current American culture injects 
sex into advertising, books, maga- 
zines, television, movies and popular 
songs .... From the suggestive to the 
blatantly erotic, sexual content or 
connotation pervades the mass media 
and inundates our teenagers." 

The Moral Majority couldn't have ex- 
pressed it better. Conservatives, how- 
ever, still entertain the idea that 
something can be done about adver- 
tising, books, TV, movies, and song 
lyrics. This "something" usually in- 
volves moral exhortation, boycotts, 
censorship in schools, rating systems, 
and social pressures. With the possi- 
ble exception of censorship, liberals 
think that these responses are fine 
when applied to South Africa, infant 
formula, and racial prejudice; when 
applied to adolescent sex, they are 
positively preposterous. The only al- 
ternative is to accept the status quo. 

In this case, "accepting the status 
quo" is exactly what the conserva- 
tives oppose. In their eyes, departing 
from the usual practice of requiring 
parental consent for prescription 
drugs helps to legitimize the sexual 
"option," as the family -planning 
professionals like to call it. Nobody 
can prove that, just as nobody can 
prove that Harvard's holding stock in 
corporations doing business in South 
Africa helps to legitimize apartheid. 
In the real world, sexual activity, like 
all kinds of other things, is influenced 
by so many different factors that it is 
impossible to isolate and measure the 
impact of a single change in public 

place fear with love. Our Lord came 
as a Reconciler and He taught us that 
the way we treat the least among us 
is also "done unto" him. I have seen 
too much inflexibility in our present 
adoption system, too many unmet 
needs, too much suffering and while 
the debates go on, there are hundreds 
of adoptable older and special needs 
children waiting for homes. 

If we truly love the children, can't we 
make some changes? Some of the 
children are never born, some never 
find families and some never find 
their grounding in their roots all be- 
cause of fear of change masquerading 
"in their best interest." Anyone who 
would like more information on re- 
placing fear with love in adoption can 
contact me. 


Robin Wilson 

N.C. Representative of the Adoption 

Triangle Ministry 

11 Sweetbriar Lane 

Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514 

Funny pope picture ok, 
but rat cartoon goes too far 

Dear Editor: 

Congratulations to The Communicant 
for being awarded the Church Press 
award for humor. However, I did not 

find the cartoon on page 1 1 of the 
April issue which said "Behaviorism 
means never having to say you're 
sorry" very funny. Such a cynical and 
uninformed cartoon is not up to your 
usual standards. Promoting negative 
attitudes about one theoretical orien- 
tation within the profession of psy- 
chology and psychological research is 
not the place of a church publication. 
Please stay within your own baliwick. 


Nancy Dartnall 
Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Priest says never means 
never— no deacons allowed 

Dear Editor: 

In regards to page one of your April 
issue, it is my understanding that 
deacons can never pronounce absolu- 
tion, and if by the vague word ' 'ad- 
minister" you mean celebrate, I think 
you will find that they can never 
celebrate the Eucharist either. You 
say they cannot "normally" do the 


The Rev. John G. Steed 
Durham, N.C. 


"You're a liberal and, by God, 
you're going to remain a liberal!" 


The same thing is true about the con- 
servative argument that excluding 
parents from the process of providing 
adolescent contraception is one more 
factor undermining parental authority 
generally. Liberals, to be sure, favor 
parental involvement in sex educa- 
tion. Wise parents begin when their 
children are young, moving step by 
step from hamsters to mommies and 
daddies. But liberals balk at the idea 
that public policy might invest this 
friendly persuasion with, yes, paren- 
tal authority. 

Yet the conservative argument, on 
both counts, makes sense. To some 
unknown, immeasurable degree, a 
proposal like the Administration's 
would probably delegitimize adoles- 
cent sexual activity and relegitimize 
parental authority. The honest liberal 
response ought to be that such a dif- 
fuse, uncertain gain isn't worth the 
pregnancies that will result when, 
faced with the prospect of parental 
notification, a certain proportion of 
adolescents decide to forego contra- 
ception but not sex. And the honest 
conservative should reply, "We're 

willing to risk more pregnancies in 
the short run in order to create a 
social climate where the level of ado- 
lescent sexual activity, and of preg- 
nancies as well, is lower in the long 

"But why," the honest liberal then 
asks, "are you starting here, with con- 
traceptive services?" 

"We start wherever we can," says 
the honest conservative. "When we 
threaten to boycott TV, you act out- 
raged. When we complain about rock 
lyrics, you sneer at us as prudes. 
O.K., where would you start?" 

And the honest liberal says . . . 
Well, what does the honest liberal 

Margaret O'Brien Steinfels is author of 
"Who's Minding the Children? The His- 
tory and Politics of Day Care in Ameri- 
ca. " Peter Steinfels, executive editor of 
Commonweal magazine, is author of 
"The Neoconservatives. " 

©1982 by the New York Times and reprinted 
with permission. 

The Communicant— May 198^ 

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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Diocese ordains new 
clergy at a record rate 

RALEIGH— The Church has one 
more deacon and four more priests 
than it did in May, thanks to five ser- 
vices which the Rt. Rev. Robert W. 
Estill conducted across the diocese 
late last spring. 

Counting the three deacons ordained 
in April, Bishop Estill has ordained 
eight people this year— the highest 
number in almost two decades. 

People came from as far away as 
Texas and Utah to attend the services, 
which were held in parishes in 
Charlotte, Winston-Salem, High Point, 
Greensboro, and Raleigh. 

Servants, shepherds and dancers 
figured prominently in the ordination 
sermons preached at the services, 
which saw the metaphors used as 
symbols of Christian ministry. 

T7ie Servant 

Pamela Leigh Porter was ordained to 
the diaconate on May 28, in a service 
at St. Timothy's Church in Winston- 

Family and friends present for the 
service were reminded that servant- 
hood is the essence of Christian 

That was the theme of the sermon 
preached by the Rev. John R. Camp- 
bell, who told the congregation that 
"the particular ministry of a deacon is 
as a servant to those in need." Camp- 
bell is the Rector of St. Timothy's. 

People are uneasy with the notion 
that the long academic road leading to 
ordination ends in a job as a servant, 
Campbell admitted. 

A Special Notice 
From the Secretary 

The Standing Committee's 
"CheckList" of require- 
ments regarding real estate 
transactions requiring the 
written consent of the Bish 
op has been revised. Ail per- 
sons or groups affected 
should read the new require- 
ments which appear on 
pages 268-270 of the 1983 
Diocesan Journal. 

-The Rev. Carl F. Herman 

"Yet there is no denying that the 
hallmark of the diaconate— the par- 
ticular way the deacon is to represent 
Christ and His Church— is servant- 

"We are all called to be servants," 
Campbell said, "to be ministers, lov- 
ing and serving one another even as 
our Lord loves and serves us. The 
hallmark of any Christian ministry is 

An ordained Methodist minister, 
Porter completed a year of Anglican 
Studies at the General Theological 
Seminary in New York prior to her 
ordination, and will serve St. 
Timothy's church as an assistant to 
the Rector. 

The Shepherd 

Bishop Estill ordained the Rev. Louis 
Murdock Smith III to the priesthood 
on June 11, in the company of the 
family, friends and fellow clergy who 
gathered at St. Mary's Church in 
High Point from all parts of the com- 

The members of the congregation 
were challenged by the Rev. William 
B. Green to "remember that ministry 
is a gift bestowed by Christ." Green, 
who is Professor of Systematic Theol- 
ogy at the Episcopal Theological Sem- 
inary of the Southwest in Austin, 
Texas, was the Preacher for the ser- 

Green reminded his audience that the 
image of the Good Shepherd provides 
a model for the priesthood. 

As depicted in the Gospel of John, 
Green explained, "the model Shep- 

NEWLY-ORDAINED clergy recently added to the diocesan rolls 
include: (left to right) the Rev. William Derek Shows, the Rev. Louis 
Murdock Smith III, and the Rev. Pamela Leigh Porter. 

copal Theological Seminary of the 
Southwest, will continue to serve St. 
Mary's as assistant to the Rector as he 
has done since his ordination to the 
diaconate last year. 

herd is a watchful defender, risking 
his life to rescue the sheep from all 
who would do them harm." 

At the same time, the gospel also 
presents the Shepherd as "one who 
knows his sheep intimately— even as 
he is known by the Father." 

The first image describes priesthood 
in terms of function, or what the 
priest does, Green said. The second 
describes priesthood in terms of char- 
acter, or what the priest is. 

Both dimensions are necessary to 
"that ministry portrayed in the model 
of the Good Shepherd," Green ex- 
plained. "It is the authority and grace 
of the pastoral office which we today 
acknowledge and celebrate." 

Smith, who is a graduate of the Epis- 

Search begins for new editor 

The Dancer 

The image of the dance figured prom- 
inently in the sermon preached at the 
ordination of the Rev. William Derek 
Shows to the priesthood on June 24, 
at St. Mark's Church in Raleigh. 

A graduate of the Anglican Studies 
Program at the General Theological 
Seminary in New York, Shows has 
been serving as an assistant at St. 
Mark's Church since his ordination to 
the diaconate last year. He is Associ- 
ate Professor of Psychology at the 
Duke Medical Center in Durham. 

Continued on page 6 


Applications are now being re 
ceived for the joint position of pub 
he information officer of the diocese 
and editor of The Communicant. 

At the request of the Diocesan 
Communications Commission, Bish- 
op Estill has already begun receiving 
names and will begin interviewing 
candidates in September. 

While the job description is currently 
under review, the commission is look- 
ing for candidates with communica- 
tions experience, technical skills and 
management ability. The applicant 
should be able to edit a monthly 

church newspaper, and aid the dio- 
cese and its parishes in the develop- 
ment of communications programs. 

In addition to being responsible for 
production of The Communicant and 
The Diocesan Journal, the Public In- 
/ formation Officer also serves as press 
officer for major diocesan events. 

The position is full-time and com- 
mands a salary of $22,000 plus ex- 
penses. Applicants may send resumes 
directly to the Rt. Rev. Robert W. 
Estill, Diocesan House, P.O. Box 
17025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 

Toxic waste in 
North Carolina 

Third of three parts 

•»_ . — — 



"I keep telling you— it's a deep recession, not a 
depression . . . now eat your Alpo. " 

St. Paul's church sponsors program 
to ease the burden of unemployment 

CAKY — For a person who has been employ- 
ed for many years, sudden unemployment 
Is a traumatic experience. And continued 
unemployment, month after month, can be 
devastating. At St. Paul's Episcopal Church 
in Cary an exciting new concept is being 
developed to combat this problem. Called 
"New Vineyards" and based on Matthew 
20, it was conceived by The Rev. Charles 
Hocking and is being administered by the 
Christian Social Ministries Committee of 
the Vestry of St. Paul's. 

The people of St. Paul's have dedicated 
themselves to finding employment for an 
individual now living in a depressed region 
of North Carolina and to helping relocate 
that person and his or her family to the 
Raleigh /Cary area. This pilot project will 
help develop guidelines for other parishes 
wishing to initiate similar projects. 

To this end, St. Paul's applied for and re- 
ceived a diocesan grant. Charles Singler is 
the over-all coordinator of the project. Over 
40 parishioners have volunteered to assist 
through four working committees: Candi- 
date Search, Jobs, Relocation, and Pro- 

The Candidate Search Committee is in the 
process of locating individuals with good 
work records who are presently unemploy- 
ed due to circumstances beyond their 

The Jobs Committee is engaged in contact- 
ing prospective employers in th6 Raleigh/ 
Cary area, to ascertain what jobs are cur- 
rently available, the willingness of the 
employer to provide re-training, if neces- 
sary, and other pertinent information. 

The Relocation Committee will swing into 
action once a successful job match has 
been made. It will assist in locating suit- 
able housing, handling the logistics of the 

actual move, and will provide support as 
needed while the family adjusts to a new 

The Promotion Committee will use various 
media during the coming months to spread 
an awareness of the New Vineyards pro- 
gram throughout the state. 

The New Vineyards program does not 
guarantee any individual a job. It does aim 
to match an individual's talents and work 
experience with a prospective job opening, 
and provide assistance as required during 
the interview period, and Christian con- 
cern during the period of adjustment. The 
New Vineyards program offers a support 
network of a scope impossible for State or 
Federal agencies providing assistance to 
the unemployed — yet it is structured to . 
avoid fostering dependence. 

As the project develops it is expected that 
there will be a number of applicants who 
are accepted into the program and that 
many job opportunities can be developed, 
leading to multiple job matches. 

Anyone wishing further information may 
write to: New Vineyards, St. Paul's Episco- 
pal Church, Box 431 , Cary, NC 275 1 1 . 

National Church reports 
diocesan giving at new high 

DES MOINES, Iowa— Diocesan response to 
the apportionments assigned by General 
Convention is at the highest level ever seen 
by Treasurer Matthew Costigan. 

Costigan — whose service in the finance de- 
partment goes back more than 30 years — 
told the Executive Council of the Episcopal 
Church that diocesan pledges amounted to 
$17,056,000— which was $407,000 over 
the amount budgeted from apportionment 
III— Illlll l l' , ' ' , — ■ 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 
Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Communicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580). 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

and 98 percent of the assigned apportion- 
ment. Since Church budgeting procedures 
always call for estimating income from 
dioceses below the apportionment, this 
amount becomes a counterbalance to those 
dioceses that have not met their apportion- 
ment and to an anticipated shortfall in in- 
vestment which Church fiscal officers 
predicted early in the year. 

In reporting to the Council, which was 
meeting June 16-18 at St. Paul's Church 
here, Costigan pointed to the dioceses that 
have overpledged— Virginia, by $60,800, 
and Southern Ohio, by $27,400 — for special 

Costigan' s good news was a prelude to the 
appearance of Rev. Donald Hungerford, 
chairman of the Council's finance/admin- 
istration committee, who announced that 
the automatic five percent restriction that 
is built into budget spending was being 
lifted. This limit is added at the beginning 
of each fiscal year as a guarantee against a 
budget overdraft since the Council is 
bound by Church law to operate within a 
balanced budget. The restriction is under 
constant review and is removed when the 
budget watchdogs are assured that the in- 
come will measure up. 

One other piece of good news in Costigan's 
report was that the May payment paid off 
the mortgage on the Episcopal Church 

Reflecting on the good news, Costigan 
pointed out that the strong support for the 
national program— in light of the nation's 
uncertain economy to date — reflected a 
growing awareness of the need for Church 
support, an awareness that he believes 
grew out of the Venture in Mission efforts. 
"That laid the foundation. People became 
very aware of the responsibility that our 
Church has for programs throughout the 
world and the country, and people have 

Church starts search for 
the next Presiding Bishop 

NEW YORK— The secretary or wie-aeneraar- 
Convention is circulating a four-page 
report on the nature of the office of the 
Presiding Bishop as the Episcopal Church 
prepares to elect a successor to Presiding 
Bishop John M. Allin in Anaheim in 1985. 

The statement, entitled "The Office of the 
Presiding Bishop," was reviewed at a 
meeting of the Joint Nominating Commit- 
tee for the Election of the Presiding Bishop 
at the Bishop Mason Retreat Center near 
Dallas in late April and is now being cir- 
culated to all Church editors, bishops, 
deputies and other Church leaders. 

The 27-member Committee, consisting of 
one lay, clerical and episcopal delegate 
from each Province elected by the respec- 
tive Houses at the General Convention in 
New Orleans, will present to a joint session 
of the Convention in September 1985 at 
least three members of the House of 
Bishops for consideration of the two 
Houses in the choice of a Presiding Bishop. 
Massachusetts Bishop John B. Coburn 
chairs the panel. 

On the first evening, the 25 members pres- 
ent engaged in an informal discussion with 
Allin in which he reflected upon his ex- 
perience as Presiding Bishop. 

A sub-committee to be chaired by the Rt. 
Rev. Robert P. Atkinson, Bishop of West 
Virginia, was appointed to draft a profile of 
the personal qualifications as may be re- 
quired in the bishop selected to fill the post 
for consideration at the next meeting of 
the Committee. Other members of this sub- 
committee are the Rev. Joseph N. Green, 
Jr., of Southern Virginia; the Ven. George 
Six, of Arizona; Mr. John K. Cannon, of 
Michigan; and Mrs. Mary Nash Flagg, of 
Maine. N 

Finally, the Committee developed a pro- 
cedure for receiving and considering 
names of bishops who are eligible to be 
nominees for election as Presiding Bishop. 
Names may be submitted to the secretary 
of the Committee, Charles M. Crump, 199 
North Main Bldg., Suite 2610, Memphis, 
TN 38103-5078. Forms for this purpose 
may be secured from the secretary or any 
other member of the Committee and should 
be filed well in advance of the next meeting 
of the Committee, March 28-30. 1984. 

Four members of monastic 
order open Durham branch 

DURHAM — In early September four mem- 
bers of the Society of St. John the Evange- 
list, a religious order of the Episcopal 
Church, will move into a new branch 
house being established here. Founded in 
England in 1865, the American headquar- 
ters of the order has been in Boston for 
over a century. 

For many years the Society has directed 
inner-city parishes in New York, Philadel- 
phia, Boston, and San Francisco as well as 
rural missions in northern Maine, and 
pioneered the establishment of parishes for 
Blacks in Boston and San Francisco. These 
works have now been handed over to the 
diocesan clergy, and the community has 
concentrated on retreats, quiet days, and 
spiritual direction, especially for the cler- 
gy, seminarians, and students of nearby 
universities. Its publications department 
offers a variety of books on the spiritual 
life and basic Christian theology. 

Invited to North Carolina by Bishop Estill, 
the Society's house in Durham will be a 
center for prayer and meditation. Early 
next year, it will be able to accommodate a 
small number of people seeking a time of 
quiet and retreat. Beginning in late October 
members of the Society will be available for 
preaching, conducting quiet days, and for 
spiritual direction. 

Greensboro rector marks 
25th anniversary as a priest 

GREENSBORO— On June 14, 1983 Father 
Carlton 0. Morales celebrated his 25th 
anniversary as an ordained priest of the 
Episcopal Church. 

The celebration started with Holy Eucha- 
rist at the Church of Redeemer, of which 
he is rector. The Rev. Henry L. Atkins was 
the guest preacher. Also participating in 
the service were the Rev. Carl F. Herman, 
the Rev. T. Hall Partrioiv ««> iw.. M^ga.^- 
ui iii i . ti . 1 — i nir; tho B«v. John T. Broome, 
and the Rev. John R. Campbell. 

After the service Father and Mrs. Morales 
were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. 
Bennett at a banquet at the Hilton Inn on 
West Market Street. 

Congregational resources 
for mission and ministry 

NEW YORK— The Education for Mission 
and Ministry section of the Episcopal 
Church Center has published a Resource 
for Congregational Action designed to help 
"congregations put mission and ministry 
in action." Dr. Irene V. Jackson-Brown, 
resources coordinator at the Center, said 
that the seven-section document is design- 
ed to carry a congrgation through a 
14-month process centered on a one-year 
commitment to ministry in various areas. 
The volume is a companion tp the Guide 
for Congregtional Self-Evaluation, which 
was produced shortly after the 1982 Gen- 
eral Convention. Both volumes were creat- 
ed to help the Church implement the Next 
Step in Mission and Jubilee programs 
which received enthusiastic convention en- 

Pittsboro parish marks its 
150th birthday with a gala 

For the 150th birthday of St. Barth- 
olomew's in Pittsboro, the congregation 
had a tremendous amount to celebrate and 
lots of people to share the celebration. An 
overflow crowd dedicated the addition of 
an education wing to the parish house and 
the restored Jardine organ installed there. 
For the service the organist Avis Autry was 
assisted by a trio from the church of 
Elaine Lipson, Lucy Powell, and Kathie 
Robbins at the beginning and then two 
solos sung by Waltye Rissoulala of Raleigh. 
The sermon was given by Rev. Claude 
Guthrie, who had been rector at St. Bartho- 
lomew's during the construction of the 
original parish house in 1953. Among the 
participants were family and descendants 
of former rectors and parishioners as well 
as family and friends of the regular atten- 
dants and visitors from neighboring 

page 2— The Communicant— September 1983 

I ■ {BileJ 

Durham parish wins national honor 

al attention last month, when it 
was one of eight parishes chosen to 
take part in the newest outreach ef- 
fort of the Episcopal Church. 

At its June 17 meeting, the Church's 
Executive Council designated St. 
Philip's Church, Durham and seven 
other parishes as the first Jubilee 
Centers in the Church. 

rhe Jubilee Ministry program selects 
successful, parish-based outreach ef- 
: orts to use as models to encourage 
:he spread of such ministries 
throughout the wider church. 

;n order to qualify as a Jubilee 
Center, a congregation must be in- 
volved in outreach among the poor 
which is rooted in worship, and 
which includes at least one human 
•ights advocacy program and one 
luman services program. 

[n addition, each Jubilee Center must 
os willing to serve as a model and a 
•esource center for other churches in- 
vested in launching a similar 

rhe criteria were adopted at the 1982 
General Convention as part of the 
Episcopal Church's Next Step in Mis- 

>oon after the General Convention, 
5t. Philip's, Durham requested Jubilee 
Center designation for Urban 
Vlinistries of Durham, Inc., a consor- 
ium of five major outreach programs. 

\ccording to the Rev. Thomas 
Midyette, Rector of St. Philip's, the 
soup kitchen alone serves about 300 
iaily, and "there has been very little 
rail-off, which indicates that the 
Jconomy is still pretty bad." 

rhough the program is housed at St. 
Philip's, the Durham effort is depen- 
dent upon the collaborative efforts of 
an ecumenical consortium of local 
congregations, according to Midyette. 

When the Soup Kitchen first started, 
the parish used to run both the kitch- 
en and a pantry. Now a Methodist 
Church runs the pantry and a Presby- 
terian Church supplies funds for 
those in need. St. Philip's parishioners 
contribute food and clothing and 
Midyette said that more than half of 
the Church's discretionary money 

Photo by Tony Rumple, €'1983 Durham Morning Herald 

ST. PHILIP'S volunteer David Tucker serves turkey dinner 
Chuck Thomas at the Durham congregation's soup kitchen. 


goes to the effort. 

And Durham Christians are in this for 
the long haul. Forty area churches 
have banded together as Joint Con- 
gregations in Action to erect a 
building next to St. Philip's to house 
all the related programs. 

Durham Urban Ministries expects its 
selection as a Jubilee Center will be 
helpful in raising funds and making 
its own experience available to other 
congregations in the Church. 

Other churches designated as Jubilee 
Centers at the same meeting include: 
St. Mark's Parish, Lewiston, PA; the 
Episcopal Pastoral Center, Denver, 

CO; St. Paul's Parish, Saginaw, MI; 
Holy Cross Parish, Miami, FL; East 
St. Louis Metropolitan Ministries, East 
St. Louis, IL; Episcopal Ministries of 
Middle Tennessee/Urban and Region- 
al Ministries, Nashville, TN; and 
Urban Mission Training Program, 

All the Centers have in common pro- 
grams to provide human services and 
leadership in some form of social ad- 

St. Mark's Church has a long history 
of community leadership in Lewis- 
town. The parish participates in the 
meat and broth canning project of the 
Central Pennsylvania World Hunger 

Association, distributing such food to 
the poor. St. Mark's started a 
Benevolent Endowment Fund, an 
ecumenical source of more than 
$912,000 in grants to needy people 
each year. Meals on Wheels and 
Mother Hubbard's Cupboard, an 
ecumenical food pantry, are both 
based in the parish house. St. Mark's 
parishioners took the lead in challeng- 
ing a cutback of 120 CETA workers 
from the county payroll, and in 
reconciling a 1978 teachers' strike. 
Work parties from St. Mark's have 
traveled to Jackson, Mississippi to aid 
in flood relief, to Belize for farm 
work, to Colombia for a reconstruc- 
tion project. Over 100 homes in 
Lewistown have been repaired by St. 
Mark's volunteers and many people 
are fed each year with food grown in 
the parish garden. 

Much of this ministry is under the 
direction of Laura Farley, parish 
outreach chairman. She called the 
Jubilee Center designation "fabulous" 
and said it presents new challenges 
for St. Mark's. 

The Tennessee project— like many of 
these in existence for some years- 
got a boost two years ago when 
federally funded programs were cut 
back and forced local business, civil, 
and religious groups into new co- 
operation to provide food, services, 
and improved shelter to Tennessee's 
needy. The work of the project has 
been largely computerized and is 
readily available to other interested 

While budget cuts were a spur to the 
Tennesseans, the racial difficulties of 
the Miami area are the focal point of 
the Holy Cross project, which at- 
tempts to build interracial and cultur- 
al understanding while providing the 
support services and assistance that 
serve as buffers against racial tension. 

Holy Cross provides a model of what 
a single, strong-minded parish can do. 
The Durham project opens up visions 
of what can happen when 40 congre- 
gations in one town work together. 
The group now runs a community 
kitchen, meals on wheels, food pan- 
try, counseling and a women's action 
program and is raising funds for a 
building— to be sited next to St. 
Philip's Episcopal Church— to bring 
all of these services under one coor- 
dinated structure. S 

The Communicant— September 1983— Pa< ; e 

— — ■■ 


Cross and flag collide over sanctuary 


MADISON, Wisc.-On May 
23, St. Francis House, the 
Episcopal center at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, be- 
came what is believed to be 
the first Episcopal Church to 
offer open sanctuary for re- 
fugees from El Salvador and 
Guatemala. Three adult Sal- 
vadorans and one child are 
currently living at St. Fran- 
cis House and may remain 
through the summer. 

Identified only by first 
names and with their faces 
hidden behind scarves and 
dark glasses, the adults were 
introduced to the press by 
the Rev. Thomas B. Wood- 
ward, Episcopal chaplain 
and director of St. Francis 
House, who explained why 
the student center had de- 
cided to join approximately 
45 other churches in the 
U.S. which have invoked 
two ancient concepts of 
"sanctuary"— the church as 
a holy place set apart for 
God's use, and the church 
as a place of refuge for 
those fleeing abuses of civil power; 
the latter holding a more certain place 
in the public imagination than in 
modern law. 

The congregation of St. Francis 
House, Woodward said, was taking 
this action as a form of religious pro- 
test against what it sees as an in- 
humane policy of the U.S. govern- 
ment. Under international and do- 
mestic law, they feel, the U.S. is obli- 
gated to accept people fleeing vio- 
lence and persecution, but in classify- 
ing Guatemalan and Salvadoran refu- 
gees as ' ' economic' ' rather than ' ' po- 
litical," the government is denying 
asylum to all but a small fraction. 

Although the law itself is fairly clear, 
the latitude given in classification con- 
tinues to cause hot disputes. While 
the Reagan administration presses for 
more military aid to El Salvador, its 
spokesmen maintain that violence 
and persecution are not widespread 
enough to justify political status. 

Numerous local churches and reli- 
gious leaders have given their en- 
dorsement and pledged their support 
for St. Francis House' s action, includ- 
ing two of Wisconsin' s Episcopal 
bishops, the Rt. Rev. Charles T. Gas- 
kell, Bishop of Milwaukee, and the 



"That is not maudlin clap- 
trap cluttering up a sermon; 
that is real and it is being 
re-enacted in the present 
tense. There are many sto- 
ries to be told— terrifying 
stories, heartbreaking sto- 
ries, stories of unimaginable 
violence and terror, some 
stories critical of our govern- 
ment's involvement with 
the ruling families of El 
Salvador and Guatemala." 

As the telling of these sto- 
ries is deemed an important 
aspect of sanctuary, the 
three adult Salvadorans 
have made brief statements 
in Spanish which were 
translated into English. They 
told of capricious arrests 
and torture— "It is a crime 
to be young in my country," 
said one— imprisonment 
ending in death for some 
and forced exile for others; 
a child mute and trauma- 
tized after watching police 
beat her mother; other chil- 
dren forced to witness the 
torture of their parents; a 
government steeped in lies 
and corruption. 

In declaring 
sanctuary, the 
church offers 
itself as a refuge 
for those fleeing 
the abuse of civil 

Rt. Rev. William C. Wantland, Bishop 
of Eau Claire. Representatives of area 
churches and religious organizations 
took part in an ecumenical service 
marking the formal declaration of 
"sanctuary" later in the evening. 

The penalty for harboring an illegal 
alien is a prison sentence of up to five 
years and a $2,000 fine, Fr. Wood- 
ward said. "If the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service were to burst 
into St. Francis House, the first per- 
son they would have to arrest, as 
president of the board and first of- 

ficer, is Bishop Gaskell, and as he has 
said, he is ready to go. 

"I'm second in line . . . then, we all 
go— because of some poor, frightened 
refugee whose crime is that he or she 
doesn't want to get shot at. . . . It is 
always difficult when law and com- 
passion, law and justice, are op- 
posed . . . but the rule of faith is that 
when the cross and the flag conflict, 
we are called on— unhesitatingly— to 
follow the cross." 

A large congregation more than filled 
the modern stone-and-glass chapel. 
After prayers, scripture readings, and 
the singing of Eiri Feste Burg, letters 
of endorsement from religious sup- 
porters were read to applause from 
the congregation. 

In his sermon Woodward drew a par- 
allel between the plight of Central 
American refugees -"what we do is 
arrest these refugees at our border as 
illegal aliens, imprison them, and 
then, as rapidly as possible, send 
them back to the death squads and 
terror of Central America' ' - and the 
shiploads of refugees from the Holo- 
caust "going from port to port, nation 
to nation, looking for someplace to 
land, some safe place, until they 
finally died -at sea. 

All three made pleas that Americans 
support the church-organized solidar- 
ity groups in El Salvador that care for 
orphans and others made helpless by 
political strife in that country, and 
exert pressure on the U.S. govern- 
ment to stop sending money and 
arms to the governments of Guatema- 
la and El Salvador. 

The penalty for harboring an illegal 
alien is five years in prison and a 
$2,000 fine. If the Immigration 
Service bursts into St. Francis 
House, Bishop Gaskell is ready to 
be arrested. 

"The rule of 
faith is that 
when the cross 
and the flag 
conflict, we are 
called to follow 
the cross." 

The Episcopal Church, through ac- 
tions of the General Convention and 
of the Executive Council, advocates 
such a halt and continues to press for 
fair and uniform treatment for refu- 
gees. The immediate issue of "sanc- 
tuary" has not been addressed, al- 
though a 19-year-old statement by the 
House of Bishops concedes that civil 
disobedience may be acceptable if all 
legal pressures for change have been 
exhausted or seem fruitless. The state- 
ment insists that such action be 
carried out after prayerful consider- 
ation, non-violently and with a will- 
ingness to accept any penalties that 
follow the action. 

In adopting this course, the St. Fran- 
cis congregation appears to be striving 
to meet all of those conditions, and 
even prefaced its actions with a letter 
of declaration to the Attorney General 
of the United States. S 

Page 4— The Communicant— September 1983 



A mess ofvoison 

The importance 
of public pressure 



waste is produced, it 
never disappears. 
Whether it is burned, 
recycled, treated and 
disposed of or buried, 
it stays in the envi- 
ronment and something must be done 
with the hazardous remains. One 
method to rid the state of hazardous 
waste— which no one has seriously 
suggested— is to ban industries that 
generate waste from locating in North 

"Why doesn't North Carolina back up 
20 years and become a rural agricul- 
tural state again?' asked William L. 
Meyer, environmental engineer with 
the state Solid and Hazardous Waste 
Management Branch. "Of course, 
agriculture is one of the biggest users 
of poison. But look at it this way. If 
you would be willing to eat apples 
with two worms in them, we could 
cut chemical use 50 percent. If you 
would accept an apple with only one 
worm, we could cut it 25 percent. But 
if you don' t want any worms, it in- 
creases the use of chemical pesticides. 
The problem is that the general citi- 
zen doesn't feel responsible for this." 

But there are other questions. How 
should the laws about hazardous 
waste be changed? How should haz- 
ardous waste be regulated? Should 
the laws be relaxed or tightened? 
What is the future? 

"In the future there will be better 
control technology," Meyer said. "If 
there is a way IBM or ITT can get out 
of hazardous waste, you better be- 
lieve they're going to do it." 

Many people believe that more gov- 
ernment regulation will force private 
business to take care of the problems 
of disposal. "If the state will tell us 
what needs to be done, there' 11 be a 

business created to do it," said Sen. 
Cass Ballenger (R-Catawba), whose 
own company in Hickory generates 
hazardous waste. 

Recommendations are pouring in to 
various state governmental agencies 
about changing state law. 

"We must respond to these items first 
of all from the point of view of actual 
knowledge rather than emotion," said 
Carol Scott, environmental health and 

We must develop 
a new land ethic for 
North Carolina. 

safety specialist at General Electric in 
Research Triangle Park. "We must 
realize that if we are going to have 
economic growth, we are going to 
have hazardous waste." 

North Carolina law now prohibits 
state hazardous waste rules from be- 
ing more restrictive than federal 
rules, in most cases. Conservation 
groups and state officials told the 
Governor' s Waste Management Board 
in various public hearings this spring 
that the law must be changed to al- 
low state laws to be more restrictive. 

Meyer gave an example. "Suppose 
you have two hazardous wastes and 
they are mixed together. By federal 
law, then, they aren't a hazardous 
waste even though it may be more 
dangerous." When asked why, Meyer 
said, "I have no earthly idea." 

Richard Andrews of the Institute of 
Environmental Health at the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 
agreed. "There is just a patchwork of 
laws now dealing with pesticides. It is 
confusing to both the general public 
and regulated industry. We need to 
straighten it out." 

What can congregations do? 

The toxic and hazardous wastes issues 
are complex, often bogged down in 
the bureaucracy, and difficult to get a 
handle on. Sometimes the problems 
brought about by the deposition of 
wastes seem quite remote and well 
beyond our own backyards. For some 
of us, on the other hand, wastes are 
being disposed of very close to our 

The Christian Community must now 
emphatically urge our national gov- 
ernment, the General Assembly and 
state government administration, in- 
dustry, and the scientific community 
to work hand-in-hand to establish safe 
and just policies regarding toxic and 
hazardous wastes. 

Judicatories, deaneries, congregations, 
and church groups can get involved 
in this issue by writing or calling the 
Governor's Office, local senators and 

representatives, and congressional 
representatives. Sunday School and 
discussion groups can study the issues 
within the context of the Holy Scrip- 
tures and priests can preach on these 
timely subjects. Where available, 
individuals can join local, state, and 
national groups concerned with these 
matters, or start local groups. 

A handsome four-study syllabus on 
Stewardship of the Land in North 
Carolina, suitable for use in high 
school and adult-level Sunday School 
classes and discussion groups, is avail- 
able from the Council. 

Other information about how parishes 
and individuals can become involved 
can be obtained from: The Land 
Stewardship Council of North Caro- 
lina, 5010 Six Forks Road, Raleigh, 
NC 27609; (919)781-5197. 

—James Hinkley 

Toxic waste in 
North Carolina 

Third of three parts 

Yet the Governor's Waste Manage- 
ment Board has declined to endorse 
the repeal of the state law preventing 
waste rules from being more restric- 
tive than federal standards. 

The state also needs the authority to 
compile an annual report of hazard- 
ous waste generated within its bor- 
ders, officials said. 

The legislature must appropriate suffi- 
cient funds for "a reasonable regula- 
tory program to protect the health, 
safety and environment of the people 
of North Carolina," said the report of 
the Waste Management Board. The 
state Solid and Hazardous Waste 
Branch now has 11 inspectors for the 
800-plus waste generators in North 

"Statutes for protecting the public 
health and environment without suffi- 
cient personnel and funds to support 
their mandates will be unacceptable," 
the Board's report said. "North 
Carolina must begin now to look at 
its budgets for regulatory programs 
with long-range planning in mind to 
be sure that the program's integrity is 

A fourth recommendation of the 
Board is the enactment of laws that 
hold hazardous waste producers, 
transporters and storers strictly liable 
for waste accidents. 

Finally, officials said, recycling must 
be increased. 

"All the laws are basically curative 
after the fact," said Dr. Donald 
Huisingh, an N.C. State University 
professor. "None was designed to be 
preventative. Garbage is only a raw 
material we can continue to use. We 
must change our view from the short- 
run economic gain to long-run eco- 
nomic health." 

Huisingh, along with academicians 
and scientists across the nation, is de- 
veloping methods to reuse hazardous 
waste and save money in the process. 
Of course, many officials say that 
recycling only goes so far and that 
some wastes cannot be recycled. 

So where does all this leave the citi- 
zen who is concerned about haz- 
ardous waste? 

Officials said citizens need to get in- 
volved with the governmental process 
to be effective lobbyists for their 

"The most important thing a citizen 
needs to do is to raise the questions 
with local and county governments," 
Andrews said. "Most of the attention 
is focused on Raleigh." 

The Land Stewardship Council is one 
way for church people to get involv- 
ed. Funded by the Episcopal, Cath- 
olic, Presbyterian and Baptist 
churches and the Blumenthal Founda- 
tion, a Jewish organization, the coun- 
cil is an information and lobbying 
group on environmental issues. 

"Most of us are not really poor 
stewards by design, but because we 
don't know better," said James R. 
Hinkley, an Episcopalian who heads 
the council. "We must develop a new 
land ethic for North Carolina. The 
ethic now is to develop the land and 
get out what you can from it to your 
benefit. The new ethic should say 
things like the land belongs to God. 
We're trustees of it and must develop 
it conscientiously and not in an ex- 
ploitative way. We don't hear this 
from the pulpits." 

The Communicant— September 1983— Page 

Called to 
heal and 
to serve 

Continued from page 1 

One of the great heresies in the 
Church is the idea that being or- 
dained means being set apart from 
the laity and the everyday concerns 
of this world, the Rev. James C. 
Fenhagen III told the congregation. 
Fenhagen is the Dean of the General 
Theological Seminary. 

"Being set apart means being called 
to live by a different tune— to be a 
dancer, if you will, rather than a 

"In baptism we are given a different 
tune by which to live. It is a tune that 
slows down our pace— a tune which 
causes us to notice people and things 
which we would not normally see," 
Fenhagen said. 

"It is a tune which creates in us a 
thirst for God— a tune which sets us 
free to be healers and carers in the 
world alongside of others who, like 
ourselves, seem a little out of step. 

The Diocese of 9V(brtn Carolina 

3n the CN|ame of Qod> Armn 

'To i^lt tlit 'faithful in Christ jesus 'TTirowjfuuit the 'U'orfd. Cjra'tituj: 
'Be it Xjwwn unto you by these present', that we 

a<g6ert 'Whitridge 'Estitt 

(tv rfivitie providence 'ffofwp of fAJgrtfi Carolina, con/erriruj "Holy Orders under the protection of 'Almighty t|Od, 

in 5nint Timothy's Church in '"iVinston-.Saiem, .State of CHortfi Carolina, on the 28th 'Day of CMay 

in llu' ^ear of Our Lord, CNfruetecn 'Hundred and 'Eighty-three, 

did then and there, rightly and canoniailly, ami according to the form 

prescribed in the Ordinal, in 'The 'Book of Common 'Prayer, 

ordain as a 'Priest in the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church, our beloved sister in Christ, 

"Pamela Ldgfi "Porter 

of whose pious, sober and honest fife and conversation, competent [earning, knowledge of the 'Holy .Scripture. 1 ;, 

end soundness in the '.Faith we are well assured; 

site alio having in our presence freely and voluntarily declared that she believes the iHofy Scriptures 

of the Old and \cw Testaments to be tfie 'U'ord of Qod, and to contain all things necessary to Salvation; 

ami ha\ing solemnly sworn to con(onu to the doctrine, discipfirte and worship of the Church 

in these United States of America under whose authority we hold our jurisdiction. 

:'n Testimony 'Whereof, we haw hereunto afftxed our Seal and signature in the City of 'Winston-Salem, 

on the day, ami in the year herein before written, and in the fourth year of our consecration. 

'Bishop of 'Xprtfi Carolina 

"What we do to Derek tonight is 
raise up in our midst one person as a 
sign or reminder of what all of us are 
called to be." 

Speaking directly to Shows, Fenhagen 
told the ordinand that "tonight you 
are to be set apart as a priest to help 
us all dance to a different tune. What 

is before you will be joyous, but 
never easy, for what is being asked 
for is a kind of inner obedience that 
touches the deepest places of your 

"We set you apart tonight to remind 
us that we all are set apart— called to 
be in the world but not of it— called 

to live by a different tune." 

In addition to the diocesan ordina- 
tions, Bishop Estill also ordained two 
priests canonically resident in other 
dioceses but serving parishes in North 

Acting on behalf of the Rt. Rev. 
Hunley A. Elebash, Bishop of East 
Carolina, Estill ordained the Rev. Vic- 
tor C. Mansfield II to the priesthood 
in a service at St. Peter's Church in 
Charlotte on June 18. 

The Rev. Lloyd Alexander Lewis, As- 
sistant Professor of New Testament at 
the Virginia Theological Seminary, 
was the preacher for the service. A 
graduate of the seminary, Mansfield 
will continue to serve as an assistant 
at St. Peter's, a position he has held 
since his ordination to the diaconate 
last year. 

Acting on behalf of the Rt. Rev. Leigh 
A. Wallace Jr., Bishop of Spokane, 
Estill ordained the Rev. Kenneth W. 
Green to the priesthood in a service 
at Trinity Church, Greensboro on 
June 18. 

The Rev. Francis L. Winder, Rector 
of the Church of the Good Shepherd 
in Odgen, Utah, was the preacher for 
the service. 

A graduate of the Virginia Theological 
Seminary, Green will continue in his 
duties as assistant to the Rector at Ho- 
ly Trinity, where he has served since 
his ordination to the diaconate last 
year. • 


Deferred Giving 


Sponsored by 
The Diocesan 

9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 
September 24, 1983 

The Conference Center 
Browns Summit, NC 

Because deferred giving concerns the 
stewardship of our accumulated assets, 
whatever they may be, it is something 
that should be of interest to every church 

The conference will offer instruction in 
setting up a deferred giving program for 
church members which can provide long- 
term income for the local parish while 
producing immediate income and tax 
benefits for the donor. The Diocesan 
Stewardship Commission hopes each 
congregation will take advantage of this 
valuable workshop. 

The conference will be led by Richard 
Lamport, Jr., capital funding officer of the 
National Church. More information can be 
obtained from your local church or by 
contacting the Rev. Glenn E. Busch, 
Chairman of the Diocesan Stewardship 

Page 6— The Communicant— September 1983 


right behind me as we 
pulled onto Spearman 
Road, leaving the Con- 
ference Center. At the 
stop sign at Route 150 
we waved and honked. They turned 
left and I turned right, pointing the 
little white car toward home, and I 
watched them in my rear-view mirror 
until the curve in the road took them 
from sight, instantly breaking the 
community I had shared with them 
during the past four days at the Adult 

Somewhere behind me, perhaps still 
packing her car in the parking lot, 
Judy Cox was getting ready to head 
home to St. Matthew's. I imagined 
that Harry Pritchett, our Keynote 
Speaker, had a running start to 

I settled in for my drive home, the 
back seat full of the notes I had 
taken, the books I had bought, a bag 
of nibbles, my 'Paddington' Hat, and 
my suitcase. On the front seat was 
my clipboard with fresh paper for the 
notes I might scribble on the way 
home, and the three daisies like the 
ones I had picked early one morning, 
fresh from the lake shore, and left on 
the altar. 

I would be home in two hours, riding 
the excitement, the high that is part 
of a conference experience, pulling 
from the energy that communities 
create, no matter how temporary they 
are. Soon enough I would land. There 
would be a crowd in the driveway, a 
barrage of questions, time to 
reconnect with family, parish and 
community. There would be a long 
week and a long summer— indeed, a 
long journey ahead. 

But for now I felt like a trapeze per- 
former, letting go of one swing, 
reaching for another, in a two-hour 
split-second, trying not to miss my 
cues, singing as I drove. 

Harry Pritchett had filled three 
mornings, giving shape to our jour- 
neys—our heritage, our community, 
our ministry, our destination. Re- 
sponse groups had helped us each 
identify in our own experiences the 
things we had heard Harry say, and 
workshops had helped us find the 
ways to carry out our ministry in our 
own communities. 

I played with the images of the con- 
ference and the image of my journey, 
fitting them together, wondering how 
to communicate these to the people of 
St. Mark's this week, or this year. 
What to say to the Sunday School 
teachers, to the neighbors, to my 
family when they asked, "How was 
the conference?" 

Harry and the others had shared their 
loaves and fishes with us and, even 
better, had enabled us to share our 
own loaves and fishes with others; 
had helped us to glimpse more fully 
our heritage and then had lifted us up 
and put us in our own communities 
and said to us, "Go." 

"We are on the road. Our story is the 
story of people on the road. We need 
to go." Well, I was going, wasn't I? 
But I was on the road to Long Creek, 
a far cry from Damascus. 

My mind jumped back and forth be- 
tween the past three days and what 
was ahead for me. I passed Winston- 
Salem and headed along 1-40 to 1-77. I 
could feel my body begin to relax, to 
lose energy. I looked at my clipboard 

and began to think about the ( 

"landing." A dress to wear to the 
reception I was already late for. Sup- 
per tonight for my big family. Our 
son's impending surgery. The com- 
ings and goings of an active bunch of 
teenagers that make me feel that my 
ministry is more like a Greyhound 
bus depot. Vacation Bible School to 
polish, a column to write. 

Too soon I was passing Davidson and 
from then on- it wasn't the road, it 
was my road. Cornelius, Huntersville, 
Long Creek. I stopped the car in the 
driveway and, still wearing the hat, I 
picked up the daisies. And the clip- 
board. Excited shouts, slamming of 
screendoors, barking dogs and big 
grins. Hugs all around. 

"Hey, Mom, you're home!" 

"Did you buy all those books?" 

"Is that all you bought? Just books?" 

"How does the grass look?" 

And then: 

"Mom, guess what! The Communicant 

has come. Your story is here." 

There it was. The trapeze, coming at 
me. I reached for it. 

It was a long day. We hurried to the 
reception. We ate dinner, our big 
noisy family. We celebrated. When it 
was over, and the house was stilled, 
Tom Droppers and I sat in the quiet, 
listening to the night noises from the 

"Well, I judge the conference went 


"It was very small, which made it 


"And how is Harry Pritchett?" 

"He's a little older. And grey. Lots of 

people said to say hello." I listed 

them randomly, along with their 


"Bishop Estill wasn't surprised to see 
me out walking, very early, picking 
daisies. He told me about one morn- 
ing when he was out for a quiet walk 

and he heard a lot of crashing around 
in the woods and you appeared 
through the bushes, wearing your red 
hat, at a clergy conference." We both 
laughed at ourselves. 

The Communicant was next to me on 
the chair, with the landfill story that I 
had written and the pictures Tom 
Walters and Frank Bliss had taken. I 
could hear Harry's words: 

"Claim the heritage . . . live it out in 
your community. . . . We are all 
given loaves and fishes. It is enough." 

"Tom, I was thinking about the Vaca- 
tion Bible School. We need to get the 
staff from Christ the King Center and 
our own people together. I have an 
idea about making some steps on the 
steep part of the path that leads to the 
creek. ..." 

The daisies were on the windowsill 
in the kitchen, safely home, and so 
was I. tf 

The Communicant— September 1983— Page 7 


■*'"*-.-■ in an accidental shooting 
^H V in 1919. He himself had 
/'^^^^ served with the army in 
Korea. Violence and the tragedies 
wrought by men with guns were not 
new to textile executive Henry A. 
(Hal) Brown, Jr. 

But until last summer he'd never 
really thought much about handgun 

He didn't know that there are 60 
million handguns in the United 
States, or that they are used in half 
the murders in this country. On the 
average, 31 people a day— more than 
10,000 a year— are killed with hand- 
guns in America. But Brown didn't 
know that either. 

It wasn't that he didn't care. He had 
just never given it much thought one 
way or the other. 

where George was a sophomore. As 
Brown explained, "They had been sit- 
ting there about a half an hour. There 
was a scuffle at the bar and one man 
pulled a gun, shot at the other. He 
missed the man he was shooting at 
and the first bullet killed George." 

Since that tragedy, Brown, 53, has 
armed himself with information and 
joined the growing ranks of Ameri- 
cans calling for strong national control 
of handgun sales, and a ban on sales 
of the short-barrelled, easily con- 
cealed guns known popularly as 
"Saturday Night Specials." 

Sitting at his desk before a wall-sized 
map of the world in his office at 
Adele Knits, a friendly golden 
retriever snoozing contentedly at his 
feet, Brown's tone as he talks about 
his son's death and the role of hand- 
guns in violent crime is less angry or 
bitter than it is quietly determined. 

While he is compassionate when 
speaking of his son's assailant, care-- 

restrictions on who can buy one and 
what types of guns are sold. 

Another of Brown's five children, Ed- 
ward, 22, a recent graduate of Mid- 
dlebury College in Vermont, com- 
pared the issue of handgun control to 
drunken driving or nuclear prolifera- 
tion. Most people, even those who 
would like to see some sort of change 
in present policy on the issue, don't 
get actively involved until the issue 
touches their lives directly in some 
way, threatening them or someone 
they love. 

"I was against handguns," Edward 
Brown explained, "but it was a pas- 
sive interest. It shouldn't have to hap- 
pen that way." 

It was Edward's urging that first put 
Brown in touch with Handgun Con- 
trol, Inc. After George's death, Ed- 
ward decided to devote his senior 
thesis at Middlebury to the subject of 
handgun control. During his research, 
Edward contacted Handgun Control, 


Brown had never been much of a gun 
enthusiast. Like most Southern boys, 
he was taught how to shoot a rifle 
while he was growing up in Green- 
ville, S.C. And as a young Army 
recruit, he was the top marksman in 
his regiment. 

But after he got back from Korea, ht 
didn't have much to do with guns. 

That was before August 5, 1982, the 
day he and his wife, Pat, received 
word that their son George had been 
killed in Nashville, Tennessee. 

George and two friends had gone to 
the Gold Rush, a typical college 
hangout near Vanderbilt University 

fully explaining the mitigating circum- 
stances surrounding the shooting that 
led to the man's conviction on 
charges of manslaughter rather than 
murder, his voice acquires an edge 
when he speaks of laxity in regula- 
tions on the purchase and ownership 
of handguns. 

"If those two men were fighting with 
knives," he pointed out, "George 
would be alive today." 

He is quick to emphasize that he is 
not advocating a total ban on hand- 

"That would be impossible," he said. 
Instead, he would like to see tighter 

Inc. for information. 

"When I went up to visit (Edward) in 
October," said Hal Brown, "he said, 
'You ought to go visit the handgun 
control people.'" 

Hal Brown did just that. And he came 
away impressed with the organiza- 
tion's position and its methods. Since 
December, Brown has been lecturing 
school groups and civic organizations 
on behalf of Handgun Control. 

He keeps a ready supply of literature 
from the organization and uses its 
film, "America's Handgun War," in 
his presentations. Although there is 
no formal organization in North 

Carolina advocating for the control of 
handguns, Brown has met with others 
from around the state who are con- 
cerned about the issue. 

"The message I'm trying to give is 
this," Brown stressed. "Pistols are 
dangerous weapons. Concealable 
weapons make it easy for people with 
a grudge to carry it out. And some 
people naturally tend toward vio- 
lence. That's a separate issue. When 
they have that tendency, with a gun 
it becomes too easy." 

Brown favors the Kennedy-Rodino 
Handgun Crime Control Act of 1981, 
still being debated in Congress. 

Among other things, the bill would 
enforce a 21 -day waiting period be- 
tween application for and purchase of 
a handgun to allow a thorough inves- 
tigation of the applicant for prior 
criminal record or a history of alcohol 
or drug abuse. It would also ban 
"Saturday Night Specials" and restrict 
the importation of handguns. 

And the bill would provide for a na- 
tionwide mandatory jail sentence for 
those using a handgun to commit a 
crime— a provision already part of 
North Carolina law. 

But, Brown stressed, solving the prob- 
lem of handgun violence "is not as 
simple as passing laws. I feel passing 
laws is a place to start." 

He points to the change in member- 
ship of the National Rifle Association 
(NRA) over the last 30 years. Accord- 
ing to Brown, the majority of NRA's 
membership today is urban: people 
who purchase guns for "protection." 
Thirty years ago, most members were 
rural sportsmen or antique collectors, 
he said. 

Violence begets violence, Brown said, 
and the church is the best place for 
people to learn that retribution is not 
the way to quell the rising tide of 
violence in this country. 

"I don't think we're going to get to 
the basis of love versus violence 
anywhere except in the church," said 
Brown, a member of St. Paul's Epis- 
copal Church in Winston-Salem. 
"And I feel that the church has been 
a great help to me through all of this 
in helping me to see more clearly that 
I couldn't deal with violence (through 
violence). I had to deal with it 
through other means." 

Hal Brown has chosen as his other 
means a program of educating others 
about the dangers of handguns and 
pressing for the passage of laws that 
will prevent other families from suf- 
fering tragedies like his. 

To serve as a daily reminder of his 
goal, he has tacked a poster on the of- 
fice wall opposite the huge world 
map. Imposed over a picture of a gun 
draped with the Stars and Stripes are 
these words: 

In 1979 handguns killed 

48 people in Japan, 
8 in Great Britain, 

34 in Switzerland, 

52 in Canada, 

58 in Israel, 

21 in Sweden, 
and 42 in West Germany. 
In murders alone, 10,728 people 
were killed with handguns in the 
United States. 

All of these countries, except the 
United States, have tough hand- 
gun laws. 

Page 8— The Communicant—September 1983 

not look at all like an 
old-time preacher. He is 
sophisticated and upper 
class, with polished accents and ur- 
bane manner. Yet his message of 
original sin is as evocative of the past 
as it is vital to the future: he believes 
that world peace will be possible only 
when people acknowledge and deal v 
with the evil side of human nature. 

Kennedy spoke of his beliefs in a ser- 
mon and adult forum at St. John' s, 
Charlotte, recently. Not for him are 
the simplicities of those who would 
disarm America - or of those who 
would surround the country with a 
wall of weapons -in the hope of 
achieving peace. Kennedy seeks peace 
through the education of human be- 
ings about the nature of human be- 

Since his release in January 1981 after 
444 days as an Iranian hostage, Ken- 
nedy has devoted himself to the edu- 
cation of America. He has served for 
two years as director of the Cathedral 
Peace Institute at the Cathedral of St. 
John the Divine in New York City. 
Now he is setting up the Council for 
International Understanding under 
the auspices of the Myrin Institute, a 
private, secular organization for adult 
education based in New York. The 
Council will develop study programs, 
lectures, workshops, and media pro- 
grams, as well as local groups around 
the country, to stimulate changes in 
attitudes about world affairs and to 
encourage an understanding of peace 
both personal and political. 

The church, Kennedy believes, should 
be a leader in the peace movement, 
but not by marching, demonstrating, 
or even taking a stand on nuclear is- 
sues. Instead it should be preaching 
the old-fashioned but still valid 
theology of original sin. The church' s 
failure to speak of the evil in human 
nature has led to an unrealistic, over- 
ly optimistic view of the possibilities 
for world peace. 

In the March 1982 issue of Reflections, 
Kennedy wrote of the basic stumbling 
block to peace: "The fundamental 
threat to us all lies in ourselves, our 
propensity to conflict, to violence, 
self-righteousness and self-delusion, to 
ego-tripping, to the avoidance of re- 
sponsibility; in short, to all the flaws 
in our human nature that are condu- 
cive to war." 

Americans, Kennedy feels, are world 
leaders and can facilitate peace by 
educating themselves in several ways, 
all of which take into account human- 
kind s basic self-centeredness: 

Americans must learn to see life 
through the eyes of other peoples 
in the world, to understand what 
others need, fear, and want. 

The Iranian takeover of the U.S. Em- 
bassy is an example of Americans' 
lack of understanding of other people. 
The Iranian revolutionaries, confused 
by the Shah' s attempts to westernize 
Iran, had turned to the Ayatullah 
Khomeini as a leader who would re- 
turn their country to the old, safe 
ways. Many in the U.S. Embassy 
sympathized with the revolutionaries 
before the takeover. Yet they missed 
the signals, failing to warn the State 
Department that the Embassy buildup 
going on then, which in reality was 
an acceptance of the Ayatullah' s re- 
gime, might be threatening to the re- 
volutionaries and lead them to drastic 

Americans must exchange their 
macho style, their need to win, for 

ness, including international affairs. It 
is an essential tool for leading the 
world toward accommodation and 
away from war. 

Kennedy does not see disarmament as 
a realistic goal. On the basis of his 
skeptical view of human goodness, he 
believes that even a world at peace, 
with a well-integrated society, will re- 
quire a police force. 

Kennedy, Jr., was born 
in New York City in 
1930. He grew up there 
and in Northeast Harbor, Maine, 
where he still has a residence. He 
attended private schools, served in 
the Army for two years, and joined 
the Foreign Service in 1960. 

Throughout his life Kennedy has been 
a person who responds to challenge 
by educating himself. At Groton 
School in a 1946 debate, "Resolved, 
that Palestine should be made into a 
Jewish state," his side, the Arab side, 
lost. He became interested in learning 
more, and thus ended up studying 

Kennedy's message of original sin is as 
evocative of the past as it is vital to the 
future: he believes that world peace will be 
possible only when people acknowledge and 
deal with the evil side of human nature. 

rtmuM p — ** **»•»**' • w*w* w 

a spirit of accommodation and a 
willingness to bargain. 

Kennedy considers negotiation, bar- 
gaining, compromise -the willingness 
to trade what one least needs for 
what one most wants -of utmost im- 
portance. Americans must give up the 
drive to win for the need to live in 
peace. In dealing with the world, 
Kennedy would have one recall Jesus' 
statement: "Be wily as serpents, and 
yet gentle as doves." He would build 
a nation that has the gentleness of a 
very strong man. 

Americans must learn the art of 
conflict resolution. 

Conflict resolution is central to the 
church's mission, Kennedy believes, 
and an area in which the church has 
expertise. It can begin with resolution 
of individual and family conflicts and 
extend to all levels of human related- 

Arabic and majoring in Oriental stud- 
ies at Princeton University, from 
which he was graduated magna cum 
laude. At Harvard Law School he 
took special studies in Islamic law. 

Responding to a different challenge, 
Kennedy undertook a study of 
theology during his years at Groton, 
an Episcopal school, because, despite 
an antipathy toward religion at that 
time, he wanted good grades in the 
sacred studies exams. 

Kennedy remained unconvinced of 
the validity of religion for many 
years. In the mid- 1970' s, when he 
was a Foreign Service officer living in 
Chile with his wife and four sons, he 
went through a severe personal and 
family crisis. He turned to the Episco- 
pal Church at that time and was in- 
structed and confirmed by the Bishop 
of Santiago. Kennedy then devoted 
his weekends to working among the 

poverty-stricken people of Santiago, 
handing out clothing and food. The 
experience led him to the belief that 
good works in themselves are not 
what religion is about. One must 
have inner peace and coherent, 
peaceful family relationships before 
reaching out to others. 

On November 4, 1979, Kennedy was 
enjoying the most creative phase of 
his career, as acting Economic Coun- 
selor at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, 
Iran. He was thinking of his luncheon 
engagement that day when suddenly 
and unbelievably he was taken cap- 
tive, blindfolded, and led away to 
almost 15 months of imprisonment. 

His days in captivity encompassed 
moments of such intense fear of 
death that he trembled, and moments 
of total serenity, when he was at 
peace with himself and his fate. 
There were comfortable, well-ordered 
days and times of complete disorien- 
tation while being moved from place 
to place. 

The hostage experience changed his 
life. His faith in God grew and deep- 
ened. He says of the experience: "It 
helped to focus a lot of ideas, ideas 
about the world, about what I wanted 
to do with myself, about what is 
wrong with the world, and with the 

When he was released, Kennedy re- 
signed from the State Department. He 
and his wife, Louisa, their four sons 
now grown and away from home, 
live in New York and travel around 
the country in the cause of peace. 

Louisa Kennedy became a leader of 
the hostage families during the crisis 
and has since been writing and speak- 
ing about coping with personal crises 
and family readjustment. She works 
side-by-side with her husband in their 
mission of educating the public. 

Although his views do not have the 
simplicity and ease of extremism, 
Kennedy believes that they are a 
realistic basis for peace within the in- 
dividual and in the world. 

As he sums it up: "Peace is the in- 
tegrated individual personality; it is 
an integration of the community 
where people try to understand each 
other, where others come from, and 
realize how to settle differences. It is 
a sense of responsibility within the 
society for others and therefore for 
the world. It is a whole attitude of 
life." ' S 

' The Communicant— September 1983— Pagi 


holy and 


What does "Catholic" with an upper- 
case "C" mean to you? 

Since July 14, 1833, when John Keble 
preached his sermon on "National 
Apostasy" in Oxford's University 
Church of St. Mary the Virgin, the 
Catholic Revival in Anglicanism has 
been a recovery of being "Catholic" 
for what is also, and was then almost 
exclusively regarded as, a Protestant 

Beginning with John Henry Newman, 
Edward B. Pusey, and John Keble, all 
young dons at Oxford, what came to 
be known as the Oxford Movement is 
celebrating its 150th anniversary this 
year. North Carolinians have a special 
historical interest since our second 
bishop, Levi Silliman Ives, was so 
much influenced by the movement 
that he went beyond it. By December 
1852, he could find Catholicity only 
within Roman obedience. He resigned 
his see, sailed to Rome, made his sub- 
mission to the Pope and surrendered 
to the Vatican his episcopal ring and 
vestments. "Catholic," for Bishop 
Ives, for Newman, for many others, 
finally meant "Roman." 

For others, "Catholic" has meant a 
theological stance and an ecclesiatical 
style. As the effects of the Oxford 
Movement began to spread across 
England and the United States, it met 
resistance more in terms of style than 
in thought. One priest in London was 
charged with "excessive kneeling." 
Since an established church's final 
source of law enforcement is the 
state, some clergy in 19th century 
England were imprisoned for viola- 
tion of the Ornaments Rubric. (And 
in the summer of 1983, a priest in 
England's Diocese of Exeter was 
forced by a court to remove a Roman 
Catholic devotional book and an icon 
from his parish church.) 

The anniversary of the Oxford Move- 
ment has captured widespread atten- 
tion in England. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury presided and preached at 
an outdoor eucharist in Oxford on 
July 16th. Keble College, Oxford, 
founded by admirers of Keble and of 
the movement after Keble' s death, 

On a personal note: 

This issue concludes my editorial offices on 
behalf of the Episcopal Diocese of North Car 
olina. The freedom and support I have en- 
joyed over the last five years has made pub- 
lishing The Communicant a rare and won- 
derful opportunity, for which I will always 
be grateful. I hope the next editor will be as 
fortunate. CWB 


"This snow is cold, biting and treacherous underfoot. 

We didn' t have snows like this sixty years ago. 

Snows were fun then." 




sponsored an Oxford Movement con- 
ference that attracted some 200 parti- 
cipants. All Saints', Margaret Street, 
the London church often identified as 
the "cathedral" of the movement, 
ended the weekend of celebrations 
with Solemn Evensong and Benedic- 
tion of the Blessed Sacrament, with 
Lord Ramsey of Canterbury, retired 
Archbishop of Canterbury, preaching. 
In that setting you could tell what 
Catholic meant with your nose. 

Anniversaries have a way of glorify- 
ing the past. A couple that celebrates 
its Silver Wedding Anniversary enjoys 
the congratulations of their friends for 
a quarter-century of bliss, when the 
husband and wife, in the privacy of 
their candid memories, think more of 
the surprise of surviving. The Oxford 
Movement, in its outward expres- 
sions, put crosses, candles and flow- 
ers on our altars, vested our clergy 
and choirs, and restored the eucharist 
as the central act of Christian 
worship. At its best, it had a vision of 
the church that embraced the past, 
nourished the present with a deep 
sense of the sacraments and of the 
spiritual integrity of the church, and 
gave substance to a phrase like "the 

communion of saints." 

But "Catholics," the inheritors of the 
Oxford Movement, also include some 
stylists of ecclesiastical behavior who 
alienate and divide, in the name of 
purity of doctrine. It is the Catholic 
party in the Church of England that 
has been among the principal oppo- 
nents both of the ordination of 
women into the priesthood, and of 
plans of union with other Christian 
bodies that might widen the embrace 
of catholicity. It is "Catholic" sec- 
tariansim in styles of worship that 
can transform what is rightly a mys- 
tery into an obscure puzzle. "Cath- 
olic" for some means antiquarianism 
and obscurantism. 

The day of remembering how the 
movement began gave Catholicity an 
awesomely broad scope. Trevor Hud- 
dleston— monk, bishop, most recently 
Archbishop of the Indian Ocean- 
preached from the same pulpit as 
Keble 150 years to the day after that 
first sermon. Bishop Huddleston, de- 
fender of Blacks in South Africa, ad- 
vocate for the poor in London's east 
end, missioner to the Third World, 
called the church to a new vision of 
catholicity, to a celebration of what 
God is doing among people who do 
not know the Christian faith, to a 
passionate concern for the wholeness 
of the human family instead of a 
defensive hostility to challenges 
against the institutional church. 
"Catholic" means breadth and depth 
and wholeness. If that is the heritage 
of the Oxford Movement, then it will 
be remembered on its 200th birthday 
as a step towards unity instead of an 
escape from wholeness in the name 
of an ersatz catholocity. 




& reflect 


Dear Friends, 

Summer is a time for reflection, 
recreation and rest. I plan to do all of 
the above and I hope you do too. This 
summer also is a time for some 
changes in our diocesan staff. 

Christopher Walters-Bugbee will be 
leaving in September to become 
Director of Communications for the 
Divinity School of Duke University. 
We will miss Chris, Elizabeth and 
Sara and are grateful for the excellent 
work Chris has done for the past five 
years. With the advice and counsel of 
our Communications Commission, I 
am looking for Chris's replacement. 

On a happy note, Neff Powell is here. 
Neff will serve as Archdeacon and 
Program Director for the Diocese. He 
will pay special attention to 
stewardship and Christian Education, 
and will work closely with the 
Department of Mission and Outreach, 
particularly the Youth Division. He 
will also be responsible for generating 
programs at the Conference Center. 
In his spare time he will continue to 
be a father (to Charles, Louise and 
Bingham) and a husband (to Dorothy)! 
We are mighty glad to welcome all 
the Powells. 

My hope for you is that you will have 
time in these late summer days to 
listen to the crickets, watch a wave 
roll in on a beach, sit under a tree or 
dig in the ground. There are times 
when I am on my knees with a 
trowel when I feel as close to God as 
I do when I am on my knees with a 
congregation. One empowers and 
informs the other. Both, I think, are 

Page 10— The Communicant— September, 1983 

The Read-Aloud Handbook 

By Jim Trelease 

Penguin Books, New York, 1982 
Paperback 223pp; $5.95. 

Review by David Koppenhaver 

value of reading aloud to 
your children? Do you know 
the value but don't quite know 
how or where to begin? 
Trelease' s The Read-Aloud 
Handbook should be the next 
book you beg, borrow or buy. 

The U.S. Department of Education es- 
timates that one of every five adults 
in America is functionally illiterate 
(20 percent of the adults in this coun- 
try cannot read the directions on a 
can of soup), and another 34 percent 
are only marginally literate (can bare- 
ly address an envelope). At the same 
time 98 percent of the homes in 
America have a television set which 
is turned on for an average of 6V* 
hours each day. 

I don't care to debate the merits or 
evils of television watching, other 
than to say it does almost nothing to 


aid reading skills and a great 
deal to diminish reading in- 
terest. Reading is active (we 
must imagine the action) 
and the conclusions cannot 
be taken for granted. Televi- 
sion watching is passive (the 
images are in front of our 
eyes) and the conflicts ar- 
tificial (when was the last 
time you really thought 
Magnum was going to lose 
to the bad guys?). 

How to battle the hyp- 
notism of television, and 
reap the subsequent rewards for win- 
ning the reading victory are covered 
in highly readable and well- 
documented chapters entitled "When 
to Begin Read- Aloud," "The Stages of 
Read- Aloud," and "The Do's and 
Don'ts of Read- Aloud," plus seven 

Perhaps the most valuable chapter, 
however, is the last. In "Treasury of 

Read-Alouds" Trelease details over 
300 books of poetry, short stories, 
novels, and picture books for children 
at the pre-school level and up, to 
adolescence. Each entry lists author, 
illustrator (if any), publisher and date, 
approximate interest level (e.g. pre- 
school to second grade), number of 
pages, a short plot summary, related 
books, and/or other books by the 
same author. 

Thank you for the warm welcome 

Dear Friends in Christ: 

What a delight it is to have arrived in 
the Diocese of North Carolina. Dor- 
othy, our three children (Charles, 7; 
Louise, 5; Bingham, 2) and I arrived 
in Raleigh the thirteenth of July. I 
began my work here at the Diocesan 
House on the eighteenth. We are now 
settling into our new home and I am 
settling into my job. 

Dorothy and I are both native Ore- 
gonians and for the past ten years our 
ministries have been in Oregon. We 
are now getting used to some won- 
derful new experiences in North Car- 
olina: Carolina blue skies, praying 
mantises, heavy thunderstorms, self- 
service gas stations, frogs and squir- 
rels in the yard, red clay soil, tobacco 
fields, and fireflies. I do believe that 

On Books 

Though long overdue, this book could 
not have been released at a more op- 
portune time, since its appearance 
coincides with the release of the 
report from the National Commission 
for Excellence in Education, and 
presents itself as one answer to 
parents' and legislators' renewed in- 
terest in education. Trelease focuses 
attention on a critical area of need, 
avoids jargon, and presents a clear 
and succinct argument. 

This book is a must for parents and 

David Koppenhaver is a teacher on the 
staff of the Mary Potter Elementary 
School in Oxford, N.C. 

fireflies are one of God's truly special 
creations just for his pleasure and 

We especially appreciate the warm 
welcome that we have received and 
hope that you will continue to keep 
the welcome mat out as we strive to 
become part of the Diocese of North 
Carolina's family. 

The Ven. Neff Powell 

Deputy for Program & Archdeacon 

Episcopal Churchwomen's Fall Seminar 

What do you seek? 

A look at discipleship 
in the Gospel of John 

October 18^20, 1983 

The Conference Center 

Browns Summit, North Carolina 

Leader/ The Rev. Sara J. Chandler 

Interim Rector, St. Paul's Church, Pittsburgh, PA 

Chaplain/ The Rev. Joshua MacKenzie 

Rector, St. Stephen's Church, Durham, NC 


$65 (North Carolina residents) 

Register now by contacting: 

Mrs. Watson Sherrod 

Randolph Pines, Enfield, NC 27823 (919)445-3406 

The Communicant— September 1983— Pa 

■— ' 
















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The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

Vol.74, No. 6 

December 1983 

Shelley's season 

"All of a sudden 
it was us" 


The year has blessed the family of 
Ted and Harriet Bost, parents of five 
grown children. 

In Charlotte last month, the Bosts 
could gather 24 around the 
Thanksgiving table. Three in the 
assembly were new grandchildren, a 
succession of fresh blooms on the 
family tree that doubled the third 
generation in quick order. 

The tiniest of these was Shelley Rose 
McConnell, born June 26. Going on 
five months old, Shelley flashes ready 
smiles and a lively curiosity. 

"A personable baby," her mother, 
Susan, 31, the Bosts' only daughter, 
described her, as grandmothers 
worked over the feast in the kitchen 
and older children, George, 10, and 
Elizabeth, 7, hovered nearby. 

The next day the elders of the Bost 
family gathered again. That time the 
meeting focused on the future of that 
personable baby, on finding a way to 
make sure she has one. 

Shelley McConnell needs a liver 
transplant. She is a victim of biliary 
atresia, lacking bile ducts that allow 
the liver to perform its many life- 
preserving functions. 

In November doctors at the Universi- 
ty of Minnesota at Minneapolis gave 
Shelley a year to live. 

They also gave her an excellent 
chance to survive transplant surgery 
and accepted her medically for the 
lengthy, complex operation. 

But financial acceptance is still lack- 
ing. And then, there will be the prob- 

Bishop encourages organ donations 


The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill has en- 
couraged North Carolina's Episco- 
palians to become organ donors. "I 
can think of no finer form of steward- 
ship," Estill said. "Humans seldom 
have such an opportunity to give the 
gift of life." 

Estill has signed up as an organ donor 
and has encouraged others to do so as 
soon as possible. It is especially help- 
ful for priests to be aware of this op- 
portunity when counseling parish- 

ioners. Persons can sign up as organ 
donors at local eye and tissue banks. 
Information on how to contact these 
banks can be gotten from physicians, 
hospitals and medical centers. 

Estill says his pastoral experience has 
shown him that relatives are some- 
times reluctant to consider organ 
transplants while a loved one is dying 
or immediately after the death. 

"But I've also seen that it can be a 
very positive thing," he said. "It's 
comforting and consoling to know 

that someone can, in a way, live on 
and allow someone else to live also." 

Estill says there are no theological or 
doctrinal reasons Episcopalians should 
not become organ donors. In fact, the 
House of Bishops has passed a resolu- 
tion encouraging it. 

"Finding new life in death is a 
mystery at the core of Christianity, ' ' 
he said. "Being part of that 
mystery, in this tangible an op- 
portunity no Christian should pass 

up." m 

lem ,of finding a liver match. The 
donor must be a brain-dead, but 
otherwise physically healthy, child of 
approximately Shelley's size and 

"If you have a brain-dead child, 
parents are in such a bereaved state 
they don't think about donating an 
organ," said Nacy McConnell, 32, 
Shelley's father. "I know I 
wouldn't— before this." 

Before this. The McConnells can look 
back to moments when they never 
imagined this. 

Susan McConnell can remember the 
impassioned pleas of Charles Fiske, a 
Massachusetts man who begged doc- 
tors last year to help find a transplant 
liver for his dying infant daughter, 

She can remember thinking, "That's a 
tough thing to go through. I'm sure 
glad it's not me." 

She can remember a Parade magazine 
article about children needing liver 
transplants, and saying to herself: 
'"Gee, you have a lot to be thankful 
for.' Then I threw it aside, thankful 
that it wasn't us. And all of a sudden 
it was us." 

A week later the dreadful knowledge 
began unfolding. At nine weeks, 
Shelley underwent surgery to create a 
makeshift bile duct from a part of her 
bowel and to remove her gallbladder. 

Now, there is the matter of money, a 
great deal of it. 

"It all hinges on bucks at this point," 
Susan McConnell said, "which makes 
me a little ill. We're talking about 

Continued on page 9 

A note 
to our renders: 

The Communicant has a 
new editor. He is John 
Justice, who joined the 
staff in December, 
succeeding Christopher 
Walters-Bugbee. The 
Diocesan House thanks 
Marty Lentz for her 
services as Interim 

- --- 

UJI ■— ■ :■ .!■«-— 'Ji < — --'-■ 


"Typical— the first Christmas and we have to spend it away from home. " 

Archbishop hails U.S. action 
in Grenada as "rescue mission" 

NEW YORK— The following Is the complete 
text of a telegram which was received on 
November 9 at the Episcopal Church 
Center in New York City by Judith 
Gillespie, deputy for the World Mission in 
Church and Society unit. The writer, Arch- 
bishop Cuthbert Woodroffe, is chief 
primate and metropolitan of the Anglican 
Church of the Province of the West Indies 
of which Grenada is a part. Woodroffe is 
also a native of Grenada, although his see 
is on St. Vincent Island. 

"Most grateful for prayers and messages of 
concern over recent state of affairs in 
Grenada. Your expressions of sympathy 
received by telephone, et cetera have been 
comforting. I was able to go into Grenada, 
by courtesy of the American forces, in the 
midst of the hostilities and was able to tell 
a packed church in St. George's of your 
prayerful concern. I can now tell you that 
these messages were all appreciatively 
received and they asked me to convey 
thanks to you for your kind remem- 

"Much has been said about the American 
intervention and the debate will no doubt 
continue, but the Christian community in 
Grenada has completely endorsed the 
American and Caribbean states' action and 
welcomed the rescue mission. 

"There is hardly any doubt now that 
Grenada was on the verge of imperial ac- 
tion by Cuba and everyone there seemed 
sure that plans were well laid for Grenada 
to be annexed by Cuba as a colony of Cuba 
and the Soviet bloc. The stockpiles of Rus- 
sian weapons, the number of personnel 
from Soviet bloc countries found in 
Grenada was frightening. Grenadians are 
all agreed with Mr. Reagan's opinion 'We 
got there just in time. ' 

"There may be anti-Americanism around 
the world, but in Grenada— over which the 
heel was raised and upon which it was 
about to fall— there is none except from 
the very small minority who were in with 
the Cubans anyhow. 

"That the Queen's governor-general had to 
be rescued by the American forces from 
imprisonment and perhaps death in his 
own drawingroom . . . that political 

prisoners who were locked up in jail (for 
23 hours a day in their cells) without trial 
and with no hope of release ever (some for 
over four years) are now back at home 
with their families is boon enough and 
blessings sufficient and if no other good 
comes from the American and Caribbean 
intervention into Grenada, it is enough. 

"But please keep on praying for Grenada. 
Many thousands of you have offered your 
daily prayers for the island and its people. 
We ask you to continue to do so, as 
Grenada is not nearly half-way out of 
trouble yet." 

—Cuthbert, Archbishop of the West Indies 

Belize's "Valley of Peace" 
teems with refugees 

BELIZE — Anglican leaders from North 
America, the West Indies and Central 
America met here for five days to study 
the plight of Central American refugees en- 
camped here. 

Under the theme "Exodus in our time: the 
Central American refugees," the Anglican 
visitors and Belizians sought to understand 
some of the attitudes the refugees and 
their, host people have about one another 
and to create an atmosphere in which the 
plight of the refugees and their hard- 
pressed hosts leads to a more effective 
ministry. The 31 visitors also grappled 
with the ways in which their churches' 
relief and advocacy agencies can be more 
effective agents of support. 

The visitors were members of the Anglican 
Council of North America and the Carib- 
bean, an inter-Anglican body which pro- 
vides communication, research and 
ministry among the Anglican Church of 
Canada, the Episcopal Church and the 
Church of the Province of the West Indies. 

The group who met at the Bishop Anthony 
Sylvester Memorial Centre heard the depu- 
ty prime minister, the Hon. C. Rogers, 
point out that "the history of Belize can be 
told in terms of the movement of peoples 
across our frontiers." He added that 


formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: John B. Justice 

Interim Editor: Marty Lentz 

Editorial Production Manager: Michelle Stone 

The Gommunicant is published monthly, Sep- 
tember through June, with a combined issue for 
February/March, by the Episcopal Diocese of N.C. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580). 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and at additional post offices. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to The 
Communicant, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Articles, photographs and artwork are always 
welcome, but unsolicited material should be 
accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope if its return is desired. The deadline is the 
15th of the month (or first business day thereafter) 
for the issue dated the following month. 

The Communicant is a member of the As- 
sociated Church Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 

because of the turmoil in the other coun- 
tries of Central America ' 'we have tremen- 
dous sympathy for them and we will wish 
to accommodate as many (refugees and im- 
migrants) as we can but there is a limit to 
what we can do." 

Belize is a tiny land located at the southern 
tip of Mexico and in an area that makes it 
a natural funnel for refugees from most of 
the tumultuous Central American coun- 
tries. Estimates of the number of refugees 
range from the official low of 2,000 to 
unofficial highs of more than 20,000. The 
population of the country is only 150,000. 
Most of the recent refugees come from El 

Allin asks compassion 
for victims of AIDS 

NEW YORK— Presiding Bishop John M. 
Allin has issued a strong, brief appeal to 
set aside the emotions that "cloud an ap- 
propriately Christian response" to the vic- 
tims of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syn- 
drome (ADDS). 

The syndrome, in which the victim's im- 
mune system breaks down and lays the 
victim open to numerous diseases, is 
usually fatal and has claimed its greatest 
number of victims from among homosex- 
ual males. Although the causes are 
unknown — and very little is known about 
how it is spread— it has become the focus 
of a great deal of— sometimes vicious — 

Addressing that element, Allin notes Jesus' 
warning to the disciples "that winds of 
fear and confusion will threaten to over- 
whelm them. Such winds, together with 
hatred and hysteria now cloud an ap- 
propriately Christian response. ... I ap- 
peal to all to respond in the compassion of 
Christ to people with AIDS and in support 
of their friends, companions, and 

Allin 's appeal makes the third time that an 
officer or official body of the Episcopal 
Church has spoken out on this disease 
since June when the Executive Council of 
the Episcopal Church passed a resolution 
encouraging the development of pastoral 
ministries to victims and families, and call- 
ing for a higher priority for research 
funds. That resolution also directed the 
Church Center staff to compile and publish 
a list of reliable and responsible agencies 
involved in information or treatment of the 

Then, last month at its interim meeting the 
House of Bishops called on the Church to 
"provide compassionate and practical 
ministry in Christ's name to all those vic- 
tims who have been affected by AIDS and 
by any ensuing ostracism or persecution. 

Fraser consecrates 
monastery chapel 

The Episcopal Church's newest monastic 
chapel was consecrated in Pineville, South 
Carolina on August 27, 1983. The Chapel of 
the Transfiguration has been in planning 
for several years to serve the monks and 
guests of Holy Savior Priory, a monastery 
of the Order of the Holy Cross. 

Transfiguration Chapel is modern in con- 
cept, with the choir centered on a lectern 
and leading to the altar. A large cross of 
beveled glass surmounts the interior, and 
spacious windows provide for views of the 
local forest and woodlands. The fur- 
nishings were designed by the Rev. John 
Kuenneth, rector of St. James' Church, 
Wichita, Kansas, in consultation with the 

The Chapel was consecrated by Bishop 
Thomas Fraser, a long-time associate of the 
Order of the Holy Cross and a friend of the 
Priory. A large crowd of guests, religious 
of several communities, and friends from 
all over the eastern part of the country at- 
tended, and stayed for a picnic supper 

Holy Savior Priory is a House of Prayer not 
far from Charleston. It provides facilities 
for small groups and for individuals to 
enter the rhythm of work, prayer, and 
silence of the Holy Cross monks. In- 

dividual directed retreats are offered, and a 
small "village" of hermitages comprises 
much of the living space for monks and 
guests. A guest house with several private 
rooms is also available. For more informa- 
tion write: HoTy Savior Priory, P.O. Box 40, 
Pineville, SC 29468. 

New stone-cutters ready 
to work on "Big John" 

NEW YORK— Three young men completed . 
their four years of formal training as 
stone-cutter apprentices and received cer- 
tificates admitting them into the "Guild of 
Stone Cutters of the Cathedral of St. John 
the Divine," in a graduation ceremony 
here June 8. The apprenticeship program 
is operated in the cathedral's own stone- 
yard, where some 24,000 stones will be 
produced for the west front towers. James 
Jamerson, Jose Tapia, and Timothy Smith 
entered training in 1979, the first "class" 
of apprentices in the program designed to 
produce stone-cutters to finish the 
cathedral after a 37-year hiatus in con- 

Parish Lenten study 
leads to peace activism 
in Charlotte 

CHARLOTTE— Thanks to the effectiveness 
of a Lenten study group on the threat of 
nuclear conflict held at St. Martin's 
Church here earlier this year. North 
Carolina now has more chapters of the 
Episcopal Peace Fellowship (EPF) than any 
other state in the nation 

Founded in 1939, the Episcopal Peace 
Fellowship has 41 chapters across the U.S. 
and maintains cordial relationships with 
similarly focused groups throughout the 
worldwide Anglican communion. 

The Charlotte chapter of the longstanding 
Episcopal peace network held its first 
meeting in early May, and drew members 
from St. Martin's and three other 
Episcopal parishes in the Queen City. There 
are three other chapters in North Carolina, 
at Asheville, Chapel Hill, and Raleigh. 

Big bucks await winner 
of mass competition 

PHILADELPHIA— A prize of $1,000 will be 
offered to the composer of the winning 
mass for congregation, choir, organ, and 
optional instruments, according to an an- 
nouncement made recently by the Diocese 
of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is sponsor- 
ing the contest in celebration of the 
bicentennial anniversary of the founding 
of the diocese. The contest began on April 1, 
and all manuscripts must be postmarked 
on or before March 1, 1984. Further infor- 
mation may be obtained by writing to: 
William A. Riley, Chairman— Diocesan 
Committee on Church Music, The Diocese 
of Pennsylvania, Suite 2616, 1700 Market 
Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. 

New hook can raise bread 
for your church 

CINCINNATI— Forward Movement Publica- 
tions announces the publication of Living 
Bread: Recipes for Home-baked Breads for 
the Eucharist and for tbe Fellowship and 
family Tables by Christian Whitethorn 
Stugard. The book is written to meet the 
needs of churches of various denomina- 
tions who are moving toward reviving the 
ancient Christian custom of using home- 
baked bread to symbolize unity among 
members and the offering of their daily 
lives. Stugard has collected recipes for 
communion bread from seminaries, 
churches, monasteries, convents, and in- 
dividuals from a wide variety of denomina- 
tions. Charmingly illustrated and sprin- 
kled with appropriate Biblical verses and 
personal anecdotes, the book is also 
designed to be a fundraiser for church pro- 
jects. It is available from Forward Move- 
ment at $4.95 a single copy and $3.00 each 
for ten or more. 

Page 2— The Communicant— December 1983 

Big on small churches 


Neff and Dorothy Powell never miss 
an opportunity to defend the integrity 
of small church ministry. That's not 
surprising, since they spent the past 
eight years as a vicar-and-wife team 
in a mission near Portland, Oregon. 
They are proud of the work they did 
at St. Bede's, Forest Grove, but rival- 
ling their pride is the extent of their 
relief to be out of small church 
ministry for the time being. Here in 
North Carolina, Powell is a new 
member of the Diocesan staff. Now 
that he has undertaken his duties as 
Archdeacon and Deputy for Program, 
small churches will soon discover 
what a valuable friend they ha e in 
this native Oregonian. 

"I took over as the first full-time resi- 
dent vicar of St. Bede's in 1975," 
recalls Powell. "We thought we'd be 
there three to five years. We stayed 
eight. And we left there just ex- 

Exhausted, but not classically 
"burned out." Having recognized the 
fact that stress was building for both 
of them as they entered fifth and 
sixth years of service to St. Bede's, 
the Powells made some decisions that 
contributed both to their success in 
coping and to the release of creative 
energy in their work with the con- 

They work 
as a team 

The expertise which the couple devel- 
oped as they learned how to survive 
ministry to a mission is the greatest 
resource they bring with them to this 
diocese. Powell expects to work pri- 
marily with small churches on a 
variety of issues, among them Chris- 
tian education and stewardship. 

Although there is not the same oppor- 
tunity for "teamwork" that her hus- 
band's previous job offered, Dorothy 
Powell has discovered a way to con- 
tribute significantly to the work he 
has begun here. 

"I enjoy being Neff's ear," she says. 
"I feel sometimes like I'm a consul- 
tant, especially in Christian 
education." Her husband nods, in- 
dicating his strong agreement. He 
adds that he has asked for funds to 
develop an educational materials 
resource center, and he plans to de- 
pend heavily on his wife's past ex- 
perience as chairperson of Oregon's 
diocesan Christian education depart- 
ment. (Her professional training is 
that of an elementary school teacher.) 

Beyond involvement as listener and 
adviser, there are numerous other ex- 
pectations of "the clergy wife" from 
which Dorothy Powell is ready to 
take a break. "I'm glad not to have 
parishioners calling with chronic 
problems," she admits. "I felt 
obligated, as Neff's wife, to minister. 
Over the years, that gets really drain- 

There are things about small church 

ministry that took a toll on the young 
clergyman as well. "I can't stand to 
see things not done, or done badly," 
says Powell. But limited human 
resources were a fact of life at St. 
Bede's. "In fairness to the congrega- 
tion," he continues, "they were feel- 
ing their way along, too. For many of 
the newcomers, the church offered 
their first experience in leadership. 
Still, I was faced with a tension 
which increased with every year. I 
wanted lay participation, but I 
wanted things done right. Full-time 
ministry in a small church is a lot of 
work." Powell speaks with the con- 
viction that comes of experience. 

In spite of their personal war-stories, 
the Powells emphasize that their ex- 
perience was normative for young 
clergy families in the Diocese of 
Oregon. "The majority of Episcopal 
churches there are small," Powell 
relates. ' 'As a matter of practice, posi- 
tions in the larger churches are filled 
from far away. In terms of size of 
church, there is no vertical movement 
in that diocese." 

The inescapable reality, then, for 
Oregon clergy is the necessity of 
spending at least some time, if not an 
entire career, with a mission or other 
small congregation. "It makes me 
angry when small church minstry is 
called 'bootcamp,'" grumbles Powell. 
And his wife agrees heartily. Her ex- 
perience in Christian education at the 
diocesan level turned her into an ad- 
vocate for sensitivity to the needs of 
small parishes. 

The Ven. 
Neff Powell 

"At first I felt angry," she recalls. 
"Most of the other twenty members 
of the department were from large 
churches. I wanted to scream, 'We 
don't have enough kids to fill graded 
classes! We don't have filmstrip pro- 
jectors!'" Most of the workshops, 
presentations and available materials 
were of little use to her congregation. 

"But I found I could adapt, and even- 
tually became the small church voice 
on the diocesan lot," she says, with 
unmistakable pride. Necessity was 
the motivating force behind her 
creative energy. But not everyone 
responds to a void by inventing 
something to fill it. Why did the 
Powells counter poverty with re- 
sourcefulness instead of with despair? 
Where did they find the emotional 
reserves to undertake a building pro- 
ject in the midst of their recognition 
that feeding the flock was becoming a 
more and more draining enterprise 
every year? 

According to Neff and Dorothy, two 
different principles were at work as 
they drew up their plans for what 

Drive raises funds 
for building 

turned out to be the last three years 
they spent in small church work. One 
was a stubborn determination to defy 
all odds. 

"We felt stuck," they agree as they 
reminisce, "so, if we were going to 
stay in a small church for awhile, we 
were going to become professionals at 
it." With this resolve, they went 
about tapping all possible sources of 
technical assistance. One turned out 
to be the church's national capital 
funds drive, called Venture in Mis- 
sion. As a result of St. Bede's par- 
ticipation in the drive, members of 
the congregation formed a building 
committee to probe the range of con- 
cerns which had recently resulted in 
a "felt need" for a new building. 

"The congregation knew when I ar- 
rived that they wanted a new 
building," Powell now realizes. "It 
took this process to convince me to 
hear and accept their need. In the 

Continued on page 8 

The Communicant—December 1983— Pagi 

The Rev. Henry Atkins: 

Contradictions, choices for the church 


Greensboro, November 1979: A 
young boy runs home, upset and 
shaking. "Daddy, Daddy!" he cries, 
"The Klan just shot five people." As- 
tounded, the father turns on the tele- 
vision to see the news coverage of the 
shooting, just as the boy had said. 
Soon after, the widow of one of the 
victims comes to this man for pastoral 
care in her grief, and he, six months 
after becoming Episcopal Chaplain at 
UNC-Greensboro, emerges as one of 
the central figures in the struggle to 
establish the Greensboro Justice Fund. 

Henry Lee Atkins moves from 
Greensboro on January 15, 1984, to 
become Episcopal Chaplain at Rutgers 
University in New Jersey. The story 
of his involvement in the struggle 
against the Ku Klux Klan is typical of 
his ministry. His first response to see- 
ing people in great need is pastoral: as 
a Christian he believes he is then 
called to enter into the fight for 
justice and liberation. 

Atkins came to Greensboro from the 
Diocese of Washington, where he was 
director of an experimental project 
which focused on the relation be- 
tween spiritual and social transforma- 
tion. This work was in collaboration 
with the Alban Institute and the Hart- 
ford Seminary Foundation; two con- 
gregations were formed out of this 
basis in spiritual depth and social ac- 

"It is crucial for those in the religious 
community to be deeply involved in 
the struggles in society, and when we 
refuse to do that, we refuse to be the 
Church," Atkins said. 

Before his work in Washington, 
Atkins was on the Christian Social 
Relations staff of the Diocese of 
Rochester from 1972 to 1976. The 
diocese at that time established a net- 
work of anti-racism training, which 
all persons elected by the Convention 
were required to take. For example, 
Atkins noted, diocesan trustees learn- 
ed about principles of ethical invest- 
ment and refused to invest diocesan 
funds in South Africa. 

"The role of the church is often 
misunderstood," he said. "For exam- 
ple, the term 'spiritual' becomes 
related not to the fact that people go 
hungry, a profound spiritual problem, 
but becomes nacissistic, and people 
ask questions like, 'How do I feel?' 
'What's my relationship with God?'" 

From 1969 to 1972 Atkins was rector 
of San Andres Church in Santo Dom- 
ingo, in the Dominican Republic, dur- 
ing which time he helped found the 
Caribbean Council of Churches. 

"The people in our parish were very 
poor," he said. "Their yearly incomes 
were around $800 to $900. We were 
closely identified with them and their 
own struggles, and we were also in- 
volved in some of the struggles of the 
Caribbean nations who were trying to 
take destiny into their own hands. 
The Dominican Republic was at that 
time being turned into a puppet state 
for multi-national corporate interests." 

Reflecting on his role as a pastor, 
Atkins thought people confused thaf 
term as often as they did the term 
spirituality. "People are pastoral 
toward one another when they can 
enable each other to make an option 

to identify with the poor and op- 
pressed," he said. 

"I sometimes wonder if we take 
seriously that primary pastoral role," 
he continued. "It seems to me that 
the word 'pastoral' has been confused 
with something like the absence of 
conflict. ' ' 

In 1972 Atkins was arrested for his 
opposition to a right-wing terrorist 
group which operated throughout the 
city of Santo Domingo. 

The story of his 
involvement in the 
struggle against the Ku 
Klux Klan is typical of 
his ministry. His first 
response to seeing 
people in great need is 
pastoral: as a Christian 
he believes he is then 
called to enter into the 
fight for justice and 

"The terrorism was directed at uni- 
versity students and their families, 
and came down hardest in the area of 
the city where I worked," he said. 
'"La Banda' would literally go into 
their houses and bring students out 
who said they were leftists and kill 

Although jailed only overnight, Atkins 
was tortured and not told of the 
whereabouts of his wife and children. 
(They had escaped from the country.) 
He was released because of pressure 
put upon the Dominican government 
by the Episcopal Church and the Na- 
tional Council of Churches. 

By the time he was called to San An- 
dres, Atkins was no stranger to Latin 
America, nor to urban ministry. Since 
1963 he had travelled extensively 
throughout Central America and the 
Caribbean, and had lived and worked 
in Costa Rica. From 1965 to 1969 he 
was an Associate at All Saints' Parish 
in Indianapolis and Assistant Director 
of the Episcopal Urban Center, and 
was chaplain to a women's prison 
and an art school. 

It was Atkins who brought to the at- 
tention of many in the Diocese of 
North Carolina the plight of refugees 
from El Salvador. As an observer 
with the National Council of 
Churches, Atkins -spent Christmas of 
1981 in Honduras, just across the Sal- 
vadoran border. He talked with refu- 
gees and in January 1982 he reported 
on the situation to the Diocesan Con- 
vention in Winston-Salem. The usual- 
ly bustling convention became hushed 
as the soft-spoken Atkins told of 
atrocities committed against 
Salvadoran civilians. That report was 
the beginning of much study and 
prayer in the diocese on behalf of the 
people of Central America. 

Atkins has also been active in the 
diocese as a spiritual director working 
with individuals and leading work- 
shops at several churches. 

Atkins' ministry in North Carolina 
has often met with opposition. He has 
been called a Communist, and un- 
American, on the floor of the dioce- 
san convention. In October a cross 
was burned on his front lawn, and 
last month St. Mary's House was van- 
dalized. Atkins' life has been threat- 
ened, and he and his family have 
received protection from the State 
Bureau of Investigation. (Atkins' deci- 
sion to move to New Jersey was 
made well before the recent harass- 
ment began.) 

Atkins leaves St. Mary's House in 
Greensboro with an active congrega- 
tion of faculty, staff and students. 
"We have large numbers of students 
who take seriously the role of the 
church in today's world as a result of 
the ministry here," he said. "We 
have developed some of the strongest 
groups in the state concerned with 
human rights, Central America, 
racism, and we have a strong wor- 
shipping community. 

"As the contradictions in our society 
become more apparent," Atkins com- 
mented, "the Church is going to have 
to make a decision about where it 
stands— a decision for the status quo 
or for those people traditionally op- 
pressed in our society— women, 
blacks, gays, poor white people. The 
tensions experienced by those con- 
tradictions will be experienced more 
by the church. Then there will be a 
price to pay, for I fear that in North 
Carolina the church is not yet 
spiritually prepared for that task. ' ' 

"It seems to me 
that the word 
'pastoral' has been 
confused with 
something like the 
absence of conflict/' 

Page 4— The Communicant— December 1983 

Of the Holy Spirit and Good Samaritans 

New church tries 




GREENSBORO— The side entrance to 
the old school building was locked, 
the paved walk to its door dusty with 
lack of use. Just audible were the 
faint, resonant tones of a hymn 
played on a piano and backed up by 
a healthy chorus of voices. 

Around the corner, the strains of the 
hymn were louder, mixing pleasantly 
with the natural sounds of a late sum- 
mer Sunday morning. On the other 
side of the building, what was going 
on inside was clear. 

A sign at the main entrance to the old 
Cerebral Palsy School building at 
1508 Gateway Avenue explained. 
This is the home of a new congrega- 
tion—the Episcopal Church of the 
Holy Spirit. 

Inside, the fledgling congregation was 
off to a good start. About 80 people 
were gathered for the church's first 
service in the old school building 
which will be its temporary home. 

And, the first Sunday congregation 
was a study in the interracial mixing 
still rare in many Southern churches. 
A black couple sat next to a white 
couple. An older black woman shared 
her hymnbook with a younger white 

"Northeast Greensboro is predomi- 
nantly black. And, there are other 
races in the area because of A&T. So, 
we wanted to include all races be- 
cause of the diversity of the area," ex- 
plains Beth Chappell, 27 and senior 
lay officer of the new church. 

The Rev. Hall Partrick, pastor to the 
congregation, agrees. He says that the 
new church is unusual, among Epis- 
copal congregations, at least, in this 

"New congregations of the Episcopal 
Church have been established gener- 
ally to serve Episcopalians moving in- 
to a new area. And this mission does 
not anticipate Episcopalians moving 
into this area." 

Northeast Greensboro— from which 
the church expects to attract most of 
its members— is diverse racially and 
economically, Partrick says. And, he 
says, it is an area upon which other 
Episcopal churches in Grensboro "ap- 
pear to be making virtually no im- 

So, from its inception, Church of the 
Holy Spirit will be "evangelistic in 
that it is designed to draw people to 
Christ and his church who have not 
yet made that decision." 

Partrick was formerly a part-time 
staff member at Holy Trinity Episco- 

pal Church, a large congregation in 
Fisher Park. He says he hopes the 
new church will meet a need not be- 
ing met in the northeast area. But, he 
is relying on a committed group of 
lay people to help start the parish. 
While he is developing the new 
church, Partrick will continue work- 
ing as a full-time history professor at 
N.C. A&T State University. 

Partrick and approximately 10 others 
have been laying the groundwork for 
the congregation for several months. 
He has visited other churches in the 
area (many of which are Baptist con- 
gregations) to alert them to his 
presence and assure them the Church 
of the Holy Spirit seeks the un- 
churched person, not someone 
already attending another congrega- 

Organizers also passed out fliers to 
area citizens, inviting them to an open 
house and to the church's first wor- 
ship service. 

And the minister has listened to the 
advice of others. Most have been sup- 
portive, Partrick says, but some warn 
him that the church members he 
seeks are not traditional Episco- 
palians—often viewed as affluent, in- 
fluential people. 

He is excited, but also apprehensive. 
"I'm not young, I turned 60 this sum- 
mer," he says. "And I'm scared, part- 
ly because from what people are say- 
ing they are expecting great things 
from this work. I would feel a lot bet- 
ter if they said, 'You're crazy.'" 

Without doing a formal survey, Par- 
trick says he has studied northeast 
Greensboro enough to ascertain that 
the section has a dearth of denomina- 
tions with an emphasis on liturgy, or 
the outline and order in which public 
worship services are conducted. 

He is banking that the Episcopal 
church's strong liturgical tradition and 
Church of the Holy Spirit's commit- 
ment to social action and mission out- 
reach will attract the members. 

The bishop for the Diocese of North 
Carolina chose "Church of the Holy 
Spirit" over "Church of the Good 
Samaritan" as the name for the new 
parish. But, Partrick still hopes that 
"people will think of us as Good 
Samaritans. We hope that, by 
Christmas 1984, we will be deeply in- 
volved in community service." 

By that date, the church also hopes to 
have a strong Christian education pro- 
gram, weekly services attended by 50 
to 100 people and a daily program for 
preschool children. 

Both the minister and his congrega- 
tion are excited about the future. 

Ed Terry, 35, director of member ser- 
vices for the N.C. Association of 
Realtors, is working with the new 
church. He joined the Episcopal 
Church as an adult and says the 
denomination's pluses include stress- 
ing the positive side of religious faith 
and encouraging lay involvement in 
worship and administration. 

Marguerite McAlister, an 83-year-old 
widow, is pleased at the prospect of 
having an Episcopal church just eight 
doors from her home. "The second 
reason is Hall Partrick is a wonderful 
speaker, a marvelous man and I want 
to be able to work with him," she 

Her thoughts are seconded by Kayode 
and Hilda Abimbola, natives of 

Nigeria who are working with the 
new parish. A student at A&T, 
Kayode Abimbola is delighted at be- 
ing part of the founding of a new 
church, something his father helped 
do in his homeland. 

The new parish is being established 
with the help of the Episcopal Dio- 
cese of North Carolina and the sup- 
port of the rectors of Holy Trinity and 
St. Francis Episcopal churches, the 
two largest Episcopal congregations in 

But within about 18 months, the new 
congregation aims to be self-support- 
ing and making plans for a perma- 
nent church home. fe 

Reprinted from the Greensboro News 
& Record. 

Glum day, good cheer 
at small church meeting 


FAYETTEVILLE-A11 the outward 
and visible signs of a conference were 
there: small groups of people, all 
wearing name tags and holding coffee 
cups or soft drink cans, talking to- 
gether . . . walls full of newsprint . . . 
Harrison Simon's traveling book 
display, with books of particular in- 
terest to the conferees ... a number 
of exhibits lining the room . . . boxes 
of prayerbooks and hymnals ... an 
assortment of round white collars, 
jeans, t-shirts with a variety of motifs, 
including Sewanee, Kanuga, Browns 
Summit, and Camp Pee-Dee, where 
the Small Church Conference prior to 
this one was held 18 months ago. 

Outside it was pouring down rain, 
and the Methodist College campus in 
Fayetteville was glum-looking, but in- 
side, at the Third Annual Small 
Church Conference in the Carolina 
Dioceses, no one seemed to mind the 
rain or the glumness. Fifty of us, in- 
cluding the Bishops of the five 
dioceses of the Carolinas, were in- 
volved in the two-day conference, a 
chance to share common experiences 
with people from other small 
churches, to find a support group, to 
learn new music and to gather new 
ideas for church programs of Chris- 
tian Education, Stewardship, 
Evangelism, Service, and Worship, in 
churches where small budgets and 
small numbers are always factors to 
be reckoned with. Even this con- 
ference reflected the idea of 
smallness. There were only 50 people 

there, representing the more than 250 
small churches in the two Carolinas. 

The very special feature of this con- 
ference was the opportunity we had 
to- listen to a series of talks given by 
Arlin Routhage, from the Presiding 
Bishop's staff in New York. The talks 
helped us to gain more insight into 
how we perceive ourselves, how we 
can minister to each other, how we 
can better use our time and talent. 

In small groups we reported our reac- 
tions to the talks, we asked questions 
and shared opinions and ideas. 

An evening of singing with the new 
hymnal, with the help of Anne Scog- 
gins, opened our eyes to some things 
we could do with music even without 
a pipe organ, and there was the easy 
fellowship among Episcopalians, the 
comfort of shared vocabulary and the 
foundations of shared worship. 

During the weekend we discovered 
some good things. There are lots of 
other small churches, just like ours, 
but each one is special. Often people 
are friendlier, sharing each other's 
joys and problems, more like a fami- 
ly, in small churches. It is more than 
just all right to be small. Often it is 
exciting and rewarding. Sometimes 
we grow and often we change. 

No one minded the rain. We were 
glad to be together, and we hope that 
next time more small churches will 
join us. We'd be glad for more peo- 
ple, but, accustomed as we are to 
small numbers, 50 will be fine. 

The Communicant— December 1983— Page 


Charlotte's Christ 

the King Center 


Also, seek the peace and prosperity of the 
city to which I have carried you into exile. 
Pray to the Lord for it, because if it prospers, 

you tOO Will prosper. " Jeremiah 29:7 


the King Center reflects his pri- 
orities. His door is usually open 
and his phone threatens to ring off 
the hook. And Banks himself is clear- 
ly more concerned with the people 
who come to the center than with the 
paper chase that comes with being its 

Christ the King Center is located in 
Charlotte, in a mostly black neighbor- 
hood called Optimist Park. The 
ministry of the center has many 
faces: Head Start, a senior citizens' 
program, an ECO House program for 
paroled and discharged convicts, a 
tutorial program staffed by volun- 
teers, a summer Camp-at-Home pro- 
ject for inner-city children. The center 
is also involved with a federal job- 
training program for youth. 

Some of these programs are run in 
the center building, while others are 
operated next door in the Chapel of 
Hope. The chapel is a turn-of-the- 
century building which housed the 
congregation of St. Michael and All 
Angels until this fall. The congrega- 
tion of the church, formed by Bishop 
Cheshire when he was rector of St. 
Peter's, recently moved to northwest 
Charlotte, leaving the Chapel of Hope 

Christ the King Center not only 
operates helping programs within the 
center and in the chapel, it also 
serves as an anchor for the neighbor- 
hood. Optimist Park has been declin- 
ing in recent years. People have been 
leaving; the population has declined 
from 2500 to 700. Buildings have 
been left empty and decaying. Then 
the City Council announced what 
promised to be a killing blow. In 
September, 1982, the city said it 
planned to widen Caldwell Street to 
four lanes. Widening the street which 
runs straight through Optimist Park 
would give persons in northeast 
Charlotte a nice fast run to the 
downtown area. It also would mean 
trouble for Optimist Park: families 
would be dislocated, build